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Full text of "Selective service news"

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SAN FRANCISCO 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

OOCUMENTS-DEPT, 

REFERENCE BOOK 

Not to be taken from the Library 



-APR 8^981 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

California State Library Califa/LSTA Grant 



http://archive.org/details/5selectiveservice7176unit 




DOCUMENTS 

2 3 1971 



WASHINGTON • JANUARY 1971 



Selectiue Sen/ice MEWS 



Selective Service 
Headquarters Reorganization 
Complete 

Reorganization of Selective Service National 
Headquarters, following plans drawn up 
seven months ago when Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 
was named Director, is complete. 

The new organizational format reduces 
the numbers of Divisions reporting directly 
to the Director and places added responsi- 
bility in the hands of Assistant Deputy Direc- 
tors and a six-man management team. 
. Dr. Tarr had solicited suggestions for the 
improvement of the Selective Service organ- 
ization even prior to his being sworn in. A 
special committee headed by then Acting 
Deputy Director Byruti V. Pepitone re- 
viewed the recommendations and from 
these recommendations came the master 
plan which was approved by Dr. Tarr on 
May 11. 

ream Concept 

The plan established the management 
team concept consisting of the Deputy Di- 
rector, the Assistant Deputy Director for 
Operations, the Assistant Deputy Director 
br Administration, the Public Information 
Officer, the General Counsel and the Legis- 
lation and Liaison Officer. 

While these men head units which have 
diverse tasks, they also act together in an 
advisory capacity to the Director, a function 
somewhat similar to the Cabinet function in 
Ihe White House administration. (Who this 
management team is and what their func- 
tions are, are included elsewhere in this 
issue.) 

The new management plan allows Dr. 
Tarr time to establish close liaison with state 
directors and local boards and he has com- 
pleted travel in almost every state, surveying 
firsthand the operations of each state system. 
He has also been able to complete a fact- 
finding tour of Korea and Vietnam last 
month. 

Continued on page 2 



Who's Who at National Headquarters 






Colonel Maxwell O. Jensen heads the 
Operations Division. He has been with 
Selective Service since 1957 and has 
headed the Operations Division since May, 
1970. 

A Marine veteran of World War II, Colo- 
nel Jensen has worked as a newspaper 
reporter and editor prior to his service with 
Selective Service. Under his direct control 
are the Operational Programs Branch, the 
Conscientious Objector Work Program 
Branch and Case and Inquiry Branch. 
Colonel David C. Rogers was appointed 
Chief of the Plans and Analysis Division in 
August, 1970. Prior to his appointment, he 
has worked for the Lockheed Aircraft Cor- 
poration and, for the past three years, as 
manager of die Nuclear Facilities Service 
Department of Lockheed. A graduate of 
Clemson College and the Atlanta Law 
School, Colonel Rogers is responsible for 
the planning and operation of contingency 
programs, the Standby Reserve, and for 
evaluating the effectiveness of current and 
proposed operational policies. Branches 
under the Division include the Plans and the 
Research Branches. 

William P. Averill has served with Selective 
Service since 1940 and was named Chief of 
the Inspection Services Division in May, 
1970. During his career with Selective Serv- 
ice, Mr. Averill has held a number of state 
and national positions. The Inspection 
Services Division is responsible for the 
development and application of a program 
to assist the Director in supervising uniform 
operations throughout the System. 
Captain Donald Ernest Russell, USN, as- 
sumes duties as Comptroller at National 
Headquarters Selective Service on January 
1, 1971 after serving five years and six 
months as a Service Field Officer in the 
Inspections Division. 



He was assigned to the Selective Service 
Reserve Training Program in October, 1957 
and called to active duty in 1964 and as- 
signed as a regional officer. As Comptroller, 
Captain Russell is responsible for the prep- 
aration of budget estimates, for supervision 
of budget disbursement functions and liai- 
son with the Bureau of the Budget. There 
are two branch functions under the Comp- 
troller Division, the Budget Branch and the 
Procurement and Fiscal Branch. 

Colonel Emanuel M. Kline has served on 
active duty at Selective Service Headquarters 
since 1967 and was named chief of the 
Administrative Division in August, 1970. 
From 1959 to 1967, Colonel Kline was 
general manager of a supply firm. In his 
present position, he is charged with forms 
management programs for the entire Sys- 
tem, printing functions, the design and 
operation of a record maintenance system, 
mail processing and general housekeeping 
functions of the Headquarters. Forms Man- 
agement, Files and Records, Mail Distribu- 
tion and Headquarters Support are Branches 
under his direct supervision. 

Conley D. Payne is acting personnel admin- 
istrator for the Selective Service Headquar- 
ters Manpower Administration Division, the 
former Personnel and Training Division. Mr. 
Payne has been a personnel management 
specialist at Selective Service since 1948 
and formerly was erftployed by the Depart- 
ment of Labor and served in the Navy in 
World War II. The Division is responsible for 
all personnel and planning actions regarding 
military personnel on active duty with Selec- 
tive Service, training of reserve officers, 
provides for assistance in training National 
Guard sections, for civilian personnel pro- 
grams and the training of civilian employees 
of the National Headquarters. 



FOR CLOSE-UP ON SELECTIVE SERVICE 
MANAGEMENT TEAM SEE INSIDE » 



From the Director . . . 

Reflections on a Visit to Southeast Asia 



As I visited military units last month in 
Asia, talking with the young men we have 
committed to service in Vietnam, Korea, 
Thailand and the Philippines, the thought 
kept recurring to me that these men have 
the same hopes and concerns of young 
men I talked to in my years as a college 
president. 

The things we talked about— family prob- 
lems, race problems, better jobs, more pay, 
life itself— reminded me of another time 
and another place, and these discussions 
were of the same perplexing problems 
which bother all young men— whether still 
in school, in the Armed Services, or work- 
ing at a civilian job. 

I travelled to Asia to understand more 
fully the feelings of our young men there so 
that I would be better prepared to discuss 
the future of Selective Service with Congress 
later this year. Prior to my trip, I was con- 
vinced that America's youth will not enlist 
in sufficient numbers in an all-volunteer 
Army while we still have combat units 
engaged in a day-to-day shooting war, and 
what I learned buttressed this conviction in 
Asia. Hopefully, our troops will be with- 
drawn from ground combat roles in the 
near future. 

Today, as I reflect on what I have seen 
and heard, I am strongly convinced that 
Selective Service must be maintained as a 
standby operation when the all-volunteer 
Army becomes a reality. Even with a con- 
tinuing peace time all-volunteer force, I be- 
lieve our Nation must have the machinery 
to provide the necessary manpower for our 
fighting units, should those needs ever be 
realized again. 

In informal discussions with the men in 
the forward fighting units, I was not only 
impressed with the concern they express 
for the problems of the immediate, but I 
was also impressed with discussions we 
had concerning the direction our country is 
moving, how our people are aspiring, the 
values we hold, the tasks we should under- 
take. 

Solving the race problem is an example 
and I am sure that the expressions of this 
friction in the armed forces are an extension 
of difficulties in our society at large. When 
solutions to these problems are achieved in 
our society, the military problems will be 
reduced as well. 

The morale of the men was discussed at 
great length and I was impressed with the 
SDirit of most units. However. I am afraid 




Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 



that as this war winds down and as we 
direct our focus increasingly away from the 
struggle in Southeast Asia, the morale of our 
men will decline. I believe this is only 
natural; we saw this in Europe after VE Day 
in World War II. But I am concerned be- 
cause as a unit's morale declines, so does 
its capability to react adequately, and this 
presents an added peril to our men there. 
Other active discussions involved the 



immediate efforts of the services to re- 
design and reevaluate long-standing tradi- 
tions and to bring regulations in line with 
the temper of our times. Apparently Admiral 
Zumwalf s Z-grams are discussed as closely 
in Vietnam as they are in Washington. 

I met more married men than I thought 
I would, and their discussions concerned 
their unique problems of low pay, long 
separation, and inadequate housing. I ant 
hopeful that Secretary Laird's efforts for im- 
provement in these areas will be successful. 

Express Frustration 

Many of my chats were with recent 
college graduates. Most of them expressed 
frustrations about not working to their full 
potential nor being challenged in their 
assignments. These talks reinforced my be- 
lief that ll-S undergraduate deferments 
should be eliminated so that the hundreds 
of necessary but boring tasks which must 
be performed to support our fighting units 
are performed by active, young men who 
are meeting their military commitments 
prior to the years during which they pursue 
a college education. 



Four New State 
Directors Are Named 

New state directors have been named for 
Virginia, Montana, Texas and Illinois. 

Nominated by governors in their states 
and appointed by Dr. Curtis W. Tarr, Selec- 
tive Service Director, acting for the President, 
are Ernest D. Fears, Virginia; John J. Wo- 
mack, Montana; Melvin N. Glantz, Texas; 
and Dean O. Sweet, Illinois. 

Mr. Fears is the first Negro to be appointed 
to a state director post within the Continen- 
tal limits of the United States. He formerly 
was Director of Athletics and an Assistant 
Professor and basketball coach at Norfolk 
State College, Norfolk, Va. 

Col. Womack has been the National 
Headquarters' representative for the West 
Coast region since February and is a former 
Superintendent of Schools in Dillon, Mon- 
tana. In addition to his duties as Selective 
Service Director in Montana, he is also to 
serve as that state's Adjutant General. 

Colonel Glantz, 54, has served since 
October, 1 962 as National Selective Service 
Headquarters' representative for Texas and 
the Southwest. He is a native of Sherman, 
Okla. 

Mr. Sweet, an Army veteran serving in 
both World War II and Korea, has been 
Director of the Township Officials Asso- 
ciation of Illinois since 1965. He lives in 
Sorinafield. III. 



Headquarters 

Continued from page 1 j^^lSs" "2- ^— 



New Plan 



Under the new organization, operations 
functions, plans and analysis and the inspec- 
tion services are placed under the direct 
supervision of the Assistant Deputy Director 
for Operations, Mr. Daniel Cronin. 

Similarly, the functions of comptroller, 
manpower administration, (formerly person- 
nel and training) and the headquarters ad- 
ministrative function and support are under 
the supervision of the Assistant Deputy for 
Administration, Mr. John Dewhurst. 

These two deputy assistants, the Public 
Information Officer, Mr. Kenneth Coffey, the 
General Counsel, Mr. Walter Morse, and 
the Legislation and Liaison Officer, Mr. Sam- 
uel Shaw, along with the Deputy Director, 
Mr. Byron V. Pepitone, make up the man- 
agement team which reports directly to the 
Director. 

State headquarters staffs and the 4,102 
local boards and the 110 appeal boards 
continue to operate under directional con- 
trols established by Selective Service regula- 
tions, but receive advisory direction from the 
National Headquarters through the function 
of the Inspections Service Branch which acts 
as the Director's watchdog on policy 

intprnrptafinn 



Selective Service Management Team Aids Director . . . 



26 5 




^f^m*' 




laniel J. Cronin 

Isst. Deputy Director 
Iperations 

)aniel J. Cronin, Assistant Deputy Director 
>r Operations was named to that post in 
)ctober 1970. A former delegate to the 
Maryland House of Delegates, Mr. Cronin 
as overall supervision of the operations 
nd policies affecting the registration and 
lduction of young men under Selective 
ervice law. 

A former Army sergeant, Mr. Cronin, 37, 
?rved as a member of the Maryland House 
f Delegate Ways and Means Committee 
nd the subcommittee on Transportation 
nd Airports. His term of office expired in 
)ctober 1 970 when he became associated 
/ith the Selective Service. 

In 1968, Mr. Cronin served as executive 
lirector of the Agnew National Committee. 

Native of Worcester, Mass., Mr. Cronin 
raduated from Junior College in that city 
nd attended Boston University prior to 
?rvice in the Army from 1953 to 1956. 
assignments included a tour with the Army 
ecurity Agency at the White House. 

Mr. Cronin formerly served as president 
)f his own insurance agency in Washington 
irior to accepting his position at Selective 
lervice and is a member of the board of 
idvisors of the Mater Dei School, Potomac, 
Maryland, Bethesda YMCA board of man- 
igement and the D. C. Insurance Agents 
Association. He and his wife, the former 
Hope Ward, have four daughters and live in 
iethesda, Maryland. 




Byron V.Pepitone 
Deputy Director 



Byron V. Pepitone, Deputy Director of 
Selective Service, became acting Deputy 
Director in April, 1970 and was named 
permanent Deputy Director in August. 

Prior to retirement from the United States 
Air Force as a colonel in August after 31 
years service, he served as executive officer 
in the office of the Assistant Secretary of the 
Air Force for Reserve and Manpower Affairs. 

As Deputy Director, Mr. Pepitone acts 
with the authority of and for the Director on 
all matters involving operations of the Sys- 
tem unless specifically prohibited by law. 
He assumes the functions of the Director 
during the Director's absence and at all 
times is responsible for\the general super- 
vision of the functions of the National 
Headquarters. 

Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Mr. 
Pepitone is a graduate of the Army Com- 
mand and General Staff College, Air Com- 
mand and Staff School, Air University and 
the NATO Defense College. He served in 
the Eighth Air Force in Europe during World 
War II and with Air University, SHAPE, 
Headquarters US Air Force and the Air 
Force Communications Service. 

He and his wife, the former Marolynn M. 
Mills, have two sons. 



Use of funds tor printing of this publication approved by 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget. August 7, 1968 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information 
between National Headquarters and other components 
of the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public. However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions ot the Mili- 
tary Selective Act of 1967, or any other acts of Congress 

Communications should be addressed to Office of 
Public Information. National Headquarters, Selective 
Service System 1724 F Street, N.W. Washington. D C 
20435 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 
U S. Government Printing OHice. Washington. D C 
20402-pnce 10 cents (single copy) Subscription Price 
$1,00 per year, 25 cents additional for foreign mailing 




John D. Dewhunst 

Asst. Deputy Director 
Administration 

John D. Dewhurst, Assistant Deputy Direc- 
tor for Administration, assumed that post in 
September 1971, following an extensive 
career in industry. He was co-founder and 
president of the Arrow Tool Co., Inc., a tool, 
die and precision machining firm, of Weth- 
ersfield, Conn., from 1942 until it was sold 
in 1969. 

Mr. Dewhurst. besides extensive experi- 
ence as a businessman, has been active in 
apprenticeship, vocational and manage- 
ment training programs. He has served as 
consultant to the U. S. Department of Labor, 
HEW and other agencies and committees 
involved in management and labor areas. 

He is editor of the 'Training Handbook 
for Apprentices and Tool Room Machinists," 
has held a number of professional associa- 
tion posts and is a past president of the 
National Tool, Die and Precision Machining 
Association. 

Born in Methuen, Mass., Mr. Dewhurst 
studied mechanical engineering at Hillyer 
College and served in the Navy as an avia- 
tion electronic technician from 1943 to 
1945. 

Under Mr. Dewhurst' s direction, his firm 
grew from a two man operation making 
special carbide tools to a corporation of 1 75 
employees. 

As Assistant Deputy Director for Adminis- 
tration, Mr. Dewhurst is charged with super- 
vising the combined activities of the comp- 
troller, assures that personnel functions are 
performed in accordance with government 
regulations and the policies of the Director, 
and that adequate administrative support is 
given to the Selective Service mission. 



In New Reorganization of Headquarters 








Samuel R. Shaw 
Legislation, Liaison 

Samuel R. Shaw has served Selective Serv- 
ice as chief of the Legislation and Liaison 
office since April, 1967. A graduate of the 
U. S. Naval Academy, Mr. Shaw rose in the 
ranks of the Marine Corps from private to 
brigadier general. He initially retired from 
the service in 1962. 

Prior to his appointment, Mr. Shaw 
served on the professional staff of the Senate 
Preparedness Investigating Subcommittee. 
He has also been a high school teacher and 
farmer in Crossville, Tennessee. 

In his role as Legislation and Liaison chief, 
Mr. Shaw is charged with keeping the direc- 
tor informed of legislative matters relating to 
Selective Service, prepares proposed legis- 
lation, studies pending legislation and re- 
lated matters, prepares reports, handles cor- 
respondence from members of Congress 
and coordinates data for the director's semi- 
annual report to Congress. 

Mr. Shaw served as an enlisted man in 
the Marines from 1 928-30 and entered the 
Naval Academy where he was commis- 
sioned in 1934. He was promoted to general 
in November, 1957. 

Following his retirement in 1962, Mr. 
Shaw was recalled to active duty to serve on 
the Senate Preparedness Investigating Sub- 
committee in October, 1962. He was re- 
turned to retired status in January, 1 964. 

He joined the Senate committee after 
serving as a school teacher and continued 
with the committee until his appointment to 
the Splprtivp Service in 1 967 




Kenneth J. Coffey 

Public Information Officer 

Kenneth J. Coffey was named Public Infor- 
mation Officer in April, 1970 and has pre- 
viously served with the United States Infor- 
mation Agency and the Peace Corps. 

Mr. Coffey has more than 10 years civil- 
ian experience with the Federal Govern- 
ment in public affairs and communications. 
He was one of the first public affairs officials 
to join the Peace Corps Headquarters shortly 
after the program was initiated in 1 961 . He 
was instrumental in establishing the public 
information and recruiting programs which 
made a major contribution to the success of 
the Peace Corps program. 

A former administrative assistant and 
press aide to a Member of Congress, Mr. 
Coffey has also worked as a reporter-editor 
for the "Milwaukee Journal." He is a gradu- 
ate of Northwestern's School of Journalism 
and has served four years active duty as a 
Marine officer. Mr. Coffey lives in Bethesda 
with his wife and daughter. 





Walter H. Morse 
General Counsel 



Walter H. Morse is the newest member c 
the Selective Service management team. H< 
assumes the post as General Counsel ii 
January, 1971. 

Mr. Morse has served in the Genera 
Counsel offices of the Department of Agri 
culture and the Department of Defensi 
since 1950. Prior to his appointment i 
Selective Service he was serving as Counse 
for the Defense Communications Agency 
an agency for the Department of Defense 

Mr. Morse is a graduate of Princeton Uni 
versity and received his law degree fron 
George Washington University in 1952. H 
has served on active duty in the Navy fron 
1 942-46, and on reserve status from 1 955 
69. He is retired with the rank of Captain. 

Duties of the General Counsel are ti 
assure that activities of Selective Service an 
consistent with the law. As General Counsel 
Mr. Morse is responsible for preparation c 
new regulations, Local Board Memoran 
dums and other documents to see that the 
comply with existing Selective Service regu 
lations. He also assists in the preparation o 
cases for legal process. 

Mr. Morse and his wife, the former Elvir, 
Rose Whitehead and their four daughter 
live in Falls Church, Va. 



26 Million Records Destroyed at Headquarters 



Records for 26 million overage registrants 
are being destroyed in an effort to avoid, 
what Dr. Curtis W. Tarr has called "the slow 
strangulation of Selective Service on bureau- 
cratic papers and records." 

Permission has been obtained from the 
Archivist to destroy the records for registrants 
over the age of 35 and those of registrants 
nver the aee of ?f> who havp rnmnlptprl 



their military obligation, have hardship o 
dependency deferments., are sole survivinj 
sons, have been classified as unsuitable fo 
military service or have reached age 2(. 
without having received a deferment or ar 
induction order. 

Files for those men over age 26 who have 
had occupational and student deferment 
will be maintained until their 35th birthdav 



FEB 2 3 197' 



SAN FRANCISCf 
public LIBRARY 



WASHINGTON • FEBRUARY 1971 




Selective Seruice MEWS 



~ 




Michigan Youth Advisory Committee Members have made a hit at national and regional con- 
ferences with their white sport jackets and especially designed insignia patches. Demon- 
strating their jackets and patches are (left) Gary C. Haynes, a young farmer from Lansing, 
and Miss Mary Anne O'Brien, Michigan State University senior, living in East Lansing. All 
members of the Michigan Youth Advisory Committee have been outfitted in white sport jack- 
ets with funds raised by the Committee through dues and contributions. 

Michigan Youth Group Develops Active 
Program; Designs YAC Blazers 



Michigan Selective Service Youth Advisory 
Committee members have carried on an 
aggressive program of on-the-job training, 
development of an active high school infor- 
mation program, weekly committee meet- 
ings, and participation in national and re- 
gional conferences since the committee was 
organized early in 1 969. 

Recently all members of the committee 
obtained distinctive white blazers with an 



especially designed Michigan Youth Advi- 
sory Committee patch symbolizing the Wol- 
verine State. Current chairman of the com- 
mittee is Jon G. Bogle, an apprentice trainee 
in the Lansing area. Miss Mary Anne 
O'Brien, Michigan State University senior, 
is secretary. Other members of the commit- 
tee include Miss Debra P. Anderson, a 
student at the University of Michigan; Miss 
continued on page 4. 



Regional Service 
Centers Seek Selective 
Service Employees 

Four Regional Service Centers are in opera- 
tion and two more will be in business soon, 
providing administrative and logistic support 
to beleaguered state headquarters staffs and 
local board employees. 

Operations involving fiscal and personnel 
administrative tasks are underway by Center 
personnel located in Ft. Worth, Atlanta, San 
Francisco, and Denver. Soon to be func- 
tioning will be Centers located in Chicago 
and Philadelphia. 

When the Centers are fully manned they 
will have a total of 1 75 employees, accord- 
ing to Selective Service Assistant Deputy 
Director for Administration, John Dewhurst. 
Many of the Center personnel are still being 
sought from state headquarters' staffs and 
other Selective Service locations. According 
to Mr. Dewhurst, the new jobs at the Service 
Centers generally would represent an oppor- 
tunity for persons wishing to advance within 
Selective Service. Positions are available 
from GS-3 through GS-12, Mr. Dewhurst 
said. 

Personnel are being recruited now for 
openings in Chicago and Philadelphia. 

Service Centers will process all payroll, 
personnel actions, attendance reports and 
fiscal operations which were normally being 
handled at individual state headquarters. 
Each Center will be performing administra- 
tive support for a number of states and, ac- 
cording to Mr. Dewhurst, state headquarters 
staffs will be reduced in certain job areas 
which overlap the Center operations. Mr. 
Dewhurst said this would probably repre- 
sent a reduction-in-force for many of the 
state headquarters staffs beginning in Janu- 
ary. He said, however, that those persons 
who may be affected by the reduction 
would be eligible, perhaps, to accept jobs 
at the Centers. 

continued on page 4. 

1 



From The Director 



A Year With The Lottery 



The Selective Service System has completed 
its first year with the random-selection, the 
youngest-first method of selecting men for 
induction into the armed forces of the Uni- 
ted States. As in any period of transition, we 
have encountered a variety of problems. 
Many have been resolved; others still require 
legislative or administrative action. But we 
can assert without qualification that this new 
lottery system is not only effective' in calling 
the manpower vital for our national security 
but it also is more equitable than the system 
it replaced. 

In 1969, when President Nixon requested 
authority from the Congress to inaugurate 
random selection, Selective Service called 
the oldest men first. Enormous numbers of 
our young men thereby had been forced 
into an agonizing, seven-year vigil, always 
wondering whether their local draft boards 
would order them for induction. The new 
system was designed to reduce this period 
of uncertainty and to assure that the armed 
forces would receive the youngest men who 
are best fitted for an introduction to military 
life. The accomplishments of this new 
system are significant. 

Complete Exposure 

On December 3 1, 1970, at least 731,749 
young men completed their period of pri- 
mary exposure to the draft and were auto- 
matically placed in a second priority selec- 
tion group. These young men were in 
Classes I -A, 1-A-Oor l-O during 1970 and 
because they had received high lottery 
numbers in our first drawing, they were not 
called during the year. They will not be 
called in the future unless there is a major 




mobilization. For these young men, for their 
families, and for those associated with them, 
the long period of uncertainty about the 
draft has been reduced from seven years to 
approximately one year. 

During 1 970, the Department of Defense 
asked Selective Service to provide 1 63,500 
men for duty in the armed forces. During 
the early months of the year, as we shifted 
to the random selection system, we experi- 
enced some difficulties in meeting these 
calls. By the end of April, 1970, we had 
accumulated a total shortfall of 14,553 men. 
In the succeeding months, the system be- 
came increasingly efficient, and by year's 
end, we had delivered at least 163,059 — 
only 441 men short. The final audited figure 
probably will show a further reduction in 
that shortage. Thus this new system was 
over 99% effective during its initial year in 
meeting the manpower requirements of the 
nation's defenses. 

In the early months of 1970, skeptics 
asserted that men with random sequence 
numbers ranging in the high 300's would be 
called. By year's end, no one in the country 
with a number higher than 195 had been 
called for induction. In many states, boards 
did not reach as high as 195. 

Reports In 

All the statistics, all the reports from state ' 
directors, and almost all the comments we 
have received at national headquarters, indi- 
cate that this lottery is a welcome improve- 
ment in the draft. During my recent trip to 
Southeast Asia I talked to hundreds of en- 
listed men about the draft. Despite rather 
widespread disagreement on other policies, 



everyone agreed that so long as the draft is 
needed, the lottery system is the fairest way 
to call men for induction. 

Two more actions would improve still 
further the system of random selection. Pres- 
ident Nixon, on April 23 of last year, asked 
Congress to grant him initiative to phase out 
deferments based upon education and to 
carry out a uniform national call. We have 
made significant improvement in the equity 
of our performance with random selection 
and phasing out deferments for occupation 
and paternity. But more needs to be done. 
We intend to seek the help of Congress to 
complete these changes. 



OFFICIAL NOTICES 



November 18, 1970 — Local Board Memo- 
randum No. 105, Subject: "Occupa- 
tional, Student, Agricultural and Paternity 
Deferments, Postponements for Peace 
Corps Volunteers Preinduction Physical 
Examination," Amended: November 18, 
1970. 

November 18, 1970 — Local Board Memo- 
randum No. 99, Subject: "Procedures to 
Implement Random Selection Lottery 
System," Amended November 18, 1970. 

December 4, 1970— Local Board Memo- 
randum No. 1 1 8, Subject: "Persons Not 
Required To Be Registered," Issued: De- 
cember^ 1970. 

December 24, 1970— Local Board Memo- 
randum No. 119, Subject: "Executive 
Secretary of Local Boards," Issued: De- 
cember 24, 1970. 

January 7, 1971— Local Board Memoran- 
dum No. 93, Subject: "Furnishing Infor- 
mation to Regular and Reserve Compo- 
nents for Enlistment Purposes," Amended: 
January 7, 1971. 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information be- 
tween National Headquarters and other components of 
the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public. However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the 
Military Selective Service Act of 1967, or any other acts 
of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information, National Headquarters, Selective 
Service System, 1 724 F Street, N.W., Washington, D. C 
20435. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 
20402— price 10 cents (single copy). Subscription 
Price: $1 .00 per year; 25 cents for foreign mailing. 



Early 70 Shortfalls 
End in September, 

SSS Records Show 

September was the "Big" month as far as 
Selective Service was concerned. In that 
month, the Service officially "went over the 
hump" as tar as early 1 970 shortfalls were 
concerned, records at National Headquar- 
ters indicate. 

Shortfalls occurred during the first four 
months of 1970, totalling 14,553 against 
calls of 69,500 for the period. 

Overfills occurred from May to Septem- 
ber inclusive, totalling 14,800 against calls of 
67,000. Therefore, by the end of September 
the deficiency was made up with about 250 
to spare. 

During the last three months of 1 970, the 
calls totalled 27,000 and the inductions 
were approximately 26,300, giving a short 
fall of about 700 men. 

Thus for the year, the calls were 163,500 
with approximately 163,000 inductions or 
only 441 men short. 

Minorities Increase Role 
As Members 01 Local Boards 

Membership on local boards has increased 
from 18,834 in December, 1969 to 19,022 
at the end of last December, manpower 
personnel records at the National Head- 
quarters show. 

Much of the increase was due to the en- 
couragement given to minority group mem- 
bers to take board positions. In December, 
1969 there were 2,117 minority board 
members and one year later, surveys 
showed 2,430 minority board members. 

Minority board members include Ne- 
groes, American Indians, Spanish Ameri- 
cans, Orientals and women. Most increases 
came from Negroes (1 77) and women (86). 

American Indians increased by four, 
Spanish Americans by 40 and Orientals by 
six. 

Total number of appeal board members 
serving in December, 1969 was 652 (54 in 
minority groups) and in January, 1971 the 
total number was increased to 659 with four 
of the seven new members representing 
minority groups. 



Conscientious Objector Applications 
Did Not Increase Drastically In 1970 



More COs or less in 1970? 

National Headquarters officials were 
anxious to see what the Supreme Court 
decisions in 1970 and other factors did to 
the numbers of applications for conscien- 
tious objection during the year. Early study 
indicates that the CO trend is unchanged in 
large part from other years. 

Figures show that the number of regis- 
trants classified in Class l-O gradually in- 
creased throughout the year. January, 1 970 
figures show 1 5,308, conscientious objector 
registrants and reports in November show 
25,958, an increase in 1 1 months of 10,650. 
Total number of registrants in November, 
1970 was 42,016,840. 

In June, the Selective Service commenced 
a study of the number of registrants claiming 
conscientious objector and these figures 
show that in June 14,440 registrants filed 
claims. In November, 7,714 registrants filed 
for the classification. The December, 1 970 
tabulation was incomplete at deadline time. 



Figures show an even trend in the same 
time period for applications approved. In 
June, 2,785 applications were approved and 
in November 2,822 applications received 
approval. In the five month period, 14,481 
applications received board approvals. 

Officials said the Welsh decision "did not 
result in a rush of registrants claiming con- 
scientious objection for moral and ethical 
reasons." 

The use of Local Board Memorandum 
No. 1 07, guidelines for conscientious objec- 
tion issued shortly after the Supreme Court 
decision was cited by officials as a "great 
help in deciding CO claims." 

As of January, 1971 there were 13,000 
registrants assigned to conscientious objec- 
tor work programs, embracing a wide range 
of activity from hospital, highway mainte- 
nance and welfare work. Records show that 
500 conscientious objector registrants are 
working in overseas assignments in educa- 
tional and humanitarian areas. 



JET MAGAZINE January 14, 1971 



Veteran Arniy Officer 
Dies Of Heart Attack 

A few days 
before Christ- 
mas, Col. Joel 
Gordon Adams 
hustled about 
Washing- 
ton, D. C, 
drumming up 
publicity for 
Col. J. Adams one of the ma- 
jor achievements of the Selective 
Service System: Virginia Gov. 
Linwood Holton's appointment of 
Ernest D. Fears Jr. as the state's 
first Black Selective Service di- 
rector. 

As a veteran of 30 years mili- 
tary service, Col. Adams realized 
the importance of the break- 
through. As an information officer 




for the national service, Col. 
Adams felt that the news should 
be released from the White House 
in Washington, D. C, simultane- 
ously with the Virginia gover- 
nor's press conference in Rich- 
mond. 

"This appointment is unprece- 
dented," Col. Adams told news- 
men. "It makes an old guy like my- 
self feel that there is still hope 
in this country." Col. Adams 
worked untiringly to get the mes- 
sage of the appointment to the 
nation's press, Black and white. 
Several days later, Chicago-born 
Adams, 60, suffered a heart at- 
tack and died in his Washington, 
D. C. home. He is the first Black 
man to head a state-level Selective 
Service headquarters (Virgin Is- 
lands), 1948 to 1950. 



Schools Examining 
Cuppiculum Guide; 
Brochures Readied 

Sixty percent of the country's high school 
principals and school district superintend- 
ents are examining the new Selective Serv- 
ice curriculum guide for use in their schools 
and classes. 

The 85-page document was mailed in 
January to the school officials as well as 
board chairmen and state directors. The 
curriculum is already in its second printing 
at the Government Printing Office in Wash- 
ington due to the demand from the school 
officials. 

One of the nation's largest public school 
districts, New York City, has adopted the 
curriculum for use in all of its 93 public high 
schools. According to Henry J. Brun, the 
board of education's Selective Service coor- 
dinator, about half of New York City's high 
schools will introduce the curricular mate- 
rial as an elective and the remainder will 
make it part of an existing course. 

Following the initial distribution of the 
curriculum in January, followup mailings to 
the schools will consist of "packages" of 
material which include recently-written 
brochures to be used as study aids for in- 
structors. The new brochures cover such 
subjects as registration, classification, induc- 
tion, conscientious objection, the lottery and 
hardship deferments. 

Copies of similar brochures will be made 
available to each local board as soon as 
copies are delivered from the Government 
Printing Office. 



Gen. Wall Dies 



Brig. Gen. Harold G Wall, state director of 
Florida, died December 3. General Wall 
who lived in St. Augustine, Fla. has been 
associated with Selective Service since 1 940 
and had been state director since 1 952. 

Mrs. Wall lives at 306 Arrendondo Ave., 
St. Augustine, Fla. 32084. 

Regional Service Centers . . . 

Continued from page ). 

Personnel interested in jobs at the Service 
Centers are urged to study job vacancy 
notices forthcoming from the Office of 
Manpower Administration at National 
Headquarters. 



Michigan Youth Croup 

Continued from page 1. 

Deborah Bridges, Lansing Community Col- 
lege; Gary C. Haynes, a farmer; Kevin 
McNeil, high school student; Jerry W. 
Scates, apprentice trainee; and Richard A. 
Surato, Michigan State University graduate. 

Members of the Michigan Youth Advisory 
Committee met with the President in Cali- 
fornia in June 1 969. Other members of the 
committee have toured the facilities of the 
Detroit Armed Forces Examining and En- 
trance Station and the training facilities at 
Fort Knox, Kentucky. Committee members 
have also participated in two national 
conferences and the New York regional 
conference. 

Other activities of the committee include 
the development of a questionnaire to sound 



out high school youth attitudes on the draft 
and special reports on problems presented 
by State and National Headquarters. 

Currently members of the committee 
have prepared a slide presentation and an 
information pamphlet for presentation to 
high school youth. A series of meetings have 
been scheduled before central Michigan 
high school groups. 

Members of the committee have been 
enthusiastic about their opportunities to 
expbre the ramifications of Selective Service 
and feel that many of their suggestions have 
led to modification of Selective Service pro- 
cedures. They are now looking for addi- 
tional ways in which they can promote 
wider youth information programs to pro- 
mote better understanding of the Selective 
Service obligation. 



Classification Picture 

CLASS 

Total Current Registrants 22,168,782 

l-A and l-A-0 2,595,568 

Single or Married after August 26, 1965 

Examined and qualified 327,982 

Not examined 540,849 

Induction or examination postponed 10,944 

Ordered for induction or examination 1 42,91 7 

Pending reclassification 86,865 

Personal appearances and appeals in process 50,61 2 

Others 1 4,570 

Married before August 27, 1 965 6,950 

19 years of age, born 1951, 1637.7(a)-(4) 682,689 

26 years and older with extended liability 218,960 

Under 19 years of age 512,230 

l-Y Qualified only in an emergency 3,725,175 

l-C Currently in the uniformed services 2,559,203 

l-O Conscientious Objector 28,188 

l-W (At Work) 10,221 

l-W (Released) 13,641 

l-D Members of a reserve component 934,729 

l-S Statutory (College) ' 11,939 

l-S Statutory (High School) 356,266 

ll-A Occupational deferment (except agriculture) 313,436 

ll-A Apprentice 44,635 

I l-C Agricultural deferment 19,832 

I l-S Student deferment 1,378,264 

lll-A Dependency deferment 4,026,768 

IV-A Completed service; sole surviving son 3,787,095 

IV-B Officials 86 

IV-C Aliens 19,919 

IV-D Ministers, divinity students 109,891 

IV-F Not qualified 2,233,926 

Figures as of December 31, 1970 



r- 



WASHINGTON • MARCH 1971 




Selective Seruice MEWS 



DOCUMENTS 



Selective Service 

Legislation 

Involves Many 

Minor Changes 

While most congressional attention will 
I be focused on the President's authority 
;to induct, student deferments and the 
national call, the Selective Service legis- 
lative "package" contains other changes 
and reforms which will be of special in- 
terest to Selective Service personnel. 

Besides the "Big Three" mentioned 
above, changes are being considered 
which would alter certain alien rights 
and obligations, end the temporary high 
school and college student deferments, 
(IS-H and IS-C) and substitute postpone- 
ments of induction, prevent state direc- 
tors from taking other government posts 
without consent of the Director, make 
certain compensation changes for local 
board and appeal board personnel, update 
some obsolete funding language and 
practices, and change the tenure of exec- 
utive secretaries. 

Specific Changes 

The bill is currently being considered by 
both the Senate Armed Services Com- 
mittee and the House Armed Services 
Committee. 

Specific changes of interest to Selec- 
tive Service personnel are: 

• A provision which would explicitly 
exempt visitors in nonimmigrant 
status who do not plan to reside per- 
manendy in the United States. 

• Adds a clause to prohibit the induc- 
tion of any alien who is liable for 
military service until such alien has 
resided in the United States for at 
least 12 months. 

• Adds an amendment to reduce the 
duration of prior military service 
which would be sufficient to qualify 

Continued on page 3. 



MAY 5 1971 

Nationwide ReducfHM Force 
Affects Over 600 SSS Workers 



A general reorganization of Selective 
Service operations throughout the nation 
is underway resulting in a reduction in 
force of 600 employees out of the ap- 
proximately 9,000 compensated pres- 
ently employed. 

Budget limitations, better service, and 
the move toward President Nixon's all- 
volunteer Army concept by mid-1973 
prompt the reductions, according to Di- 



Foundation Award 

Ltc. Bums Bennett, chief of the field 
division of the Alabama State Headquar- 
ters and public information officer, has 
been awarded a Freedoms Foundation 
Award for public address. 

The award is the third for Colonel 
Bennett who has previously been cited 
for a magazine article and a military 
letter. 

Earthquake Shakes 
SSS Personnel 

The California earthquake of Febru- 
ary 9 did little more than shake up the 
Selective Service operations in Califor- 
nia, with no reported days lost or equip- 
ment damage, according to Maj. A. H. 
Walker, of the state headquarters staff. 

No Selective Service personnel were 
reported to be casualties or among the 
injured, however, several personnel who 
lived in the San Fernando Valley area 
had to leave their homes for several days. 
Maj. Walker said that these people have 
been returned to their homes. 



rector Dr. Curtis W. Tarr. Fiscal Year 
1972 budget levels will remain the same 
as in FY-71, Dr. Tarr said, and to meet 
expected increases in expenditures, the 
Selective Service must make the man- 
power cuts. Initial reductions are ex- 
pected in April and May and will be 
completed by June 30, the final day of 
the present fiscal year. 

No employee will be released from his 
job, however, if he or she is scheduled for 
retirement sometime during the calen- 
dar year, Manpower officials say. 

Counseling 

Counseling programs through state 
directors, with aid from government and 
outside employment sources, are being 
established to help those people whose 
positions may be terminated, National 
Headquarters said. 

In its first major reorganization since 
the end of World War n, Selective Service 
will collocate many of its local boards 
under one facility while retaining the 
board's individual identity. Regional 
Service Centers also will assume some 
of the administrative functions of the 
local boards and the state headquarters. 
This move is expected to eliminate some 
of the functions being performed by the 
600 employees being effected by the re- 
duction in force. At the same time the 
move is expected to open job vacancies 
and offer promotions for some people in 
the System. 

Regional centers, while offering and 
providing administrative functions to 
state headquarters and local board staffs, 
will have no policy making functions 
and no responsibility for the classifica- 
tion and induction of registrants. 



I 



From the Director . . . 

Honesty Is Key 
To Closing Gap 

The following is an excerpt from a speech 
which Dr. Tarr delivered on January 26 before 
the National Association of Secondary School 
Principals meeting in Houston, Tex. 

I would like to say something about the 
land in which we live and the challenges we 
must face. The hardest challenge for us to 
assume is how we can capture the imagina- 
tion of our young people. As you know, the 
President has announced that he wishes to 
reduce the dependence of the armed services 
upon the draft and to create an All- Volunteer 
Armed Force. Secretary Laird plans to accom- 
plish this prior to July 1, 1973. 1 hope that we 
will be able to do this because in a free society 
a voluntary association with the armed forces 
would be much preferred over a coerced one. 

Broad Problem 

The problem, however, is much broader than 
how we find young people for the armed 
forces. The whole future rests with our youth, 
and we have not done a very good job of 
bringing them into an atmosphere where 
they can help give solutions to the problems 
we all know exist 

It would be difficult to list an asset that is- 
more important to our nation than the 
strength of our young people. We all know 
that the success of organizations rests upon 
the ability of young people to react to issues 
and the quality of human resources that they 
bring to bear on the problems of their times. 
We know, too, that a superficial analysis of 
the talents of people has no real correlation 
with the possibilities for their success. When 
we talk to young people, it is difficult to 
determine who will be the successful scholars 
because we know nothing about their moti- 
vations. We can go to the Olympic Games 
and use all kinds of superficial measurements 
of the strength, the weight and the muscular 
development of athletes, and yet we can 
never predict who will be the first at the fin- 
ish line. We have so much talent among our 
youth, yet we have not done an effective job 
of bringing that talent to the point where it 
might make a significant contribution. We all 
know the inherent worth of our youth; none 
of us who have worked with youth are the 
least bit discouraged about the human re- 
sources that the young people bring to their 
generation. Many of us are worried about our 
ability to help in the development of that 




ft \g0f 



talent so that some of our social difficulties 
might be overcome. 

Universal Service 

When we look at the large problems our 
society faces, some suggest universal service 
as an appropriate response. So many people 
have said to me that our young people would 
respect our nation more if they had to work 
for its improvement. I am not sure that I can 
subscribe to that position. I have no real ex- 
perience to refute it out of hand, but coercing 
our young people is not the way to gain their 
cooperation. Furthermore, if we attempt uni- 
versal service, we must face dimensions of 
manpower resources that we have never 
before imagined. If we assume that both men 
and women should serve for a two-year period 
as a rrrinimum reasonable time, then we 
would enlist about eight million young peo- 
ple. Each one would want a job that prompted 
his curiosity, stimulated his imagination, 
and evoked his cooperation. I doubt if we 
could conceive of that many appropriate jobs. 
Even if we did, I am not sure that the concept 
of coercion would satisfy our needs. 

Other people suggest rather large programs 
manned entirely by volunteers. These are my 
preference. I am not sure how we should 
handle the arrangements, but the nation 
needs a program within which cooperation 
and contribution are possible. 

A reporter told me recently that I did not 
look like the kind of fellow who could com- 
municate with youth because my hair was 
not long, I had no beard, and I wore a vest 
and somewhat old-fashioned clothes. I told 
him that he could be right, but that the lim- 
ited experience I have had with young people 
indicated to me that the most important 
things to youth were the fundamental quali- 
ties of honesty, frankness, and an ability to 
communicate so that they believed you and 
you believed them. I checked this with some 
of our young people on our Youth Advisory 
Committees. They answered that all they 
really cared about was that I spoke with 



honesty and an integrity which they could 
believe, and that I spoke in a climate where 
they could disagree and then talk about it and 
perhaps arrive at a better decision than either 
one of us could hope to find independently. 
I would like to subscribe now to that posi- 
tion. The best way for us to communicate 
with youth is to start communicating as 
honest people and see what develops from 
there. 

Know Something 

After we have communicated with young 
people we need to know something about 
what they believe in. Then we need to work 
to build a new society here in America. It is a 
false assumption to think that we know what 
our society is all about. A young fellow talked 
with me recently in one of the army camps 
in Asia. He complained that his sergeant did 
not understand him. He said that the sergeant 
had never lived in the world in which he was 
bom and in which he had been raised. I 
thought about that for a while, and I con- 
cluded that I had never lived in the world of 
that young man either. Probably he knows a 
lot more about what needs to be done to cor- 
rect some conditions in America than I do. 
How really, can I proceed without his help? 
My suggestion, then, is that we work to- 
gether, young and old, all Americans, so that 
each one of us may have some valid reason to 
hope for a more promising future. 

Appeal Agent 
Honored 

Richard H. McGee, government appeal 
agent from Ward County in North 
Dakota, has been named a Fellow of the 
American Bar Foundation, an honor 
awarded to not more than one-quarter of 
one per cent of the lawyers in the United 
States. 

Mr. McGee has served as government 
appeal agent since October 16, 1948 and 
is a member of a law firm in Minot, 
North Dakota. He was officially awarded 
the honor February 6, at a meeting of the 
Foundation in Chicago. 

Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information be- 
tween National Headquarters and other components of 
the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public. However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the 
Military Selective Service Act of 1 967, or any other acts 
of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information, National Headquarters, Selective 
Service System, 1724 F Street, N.W., Washington, D, C, 
20435. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. D. C. 
20402-price 10 cents (single copy). Subscription 
Price: $1 .00 per year; 25 cents for foreign mailing. 



High School Boys Avoid Thinking About Draft 



Young men of high school age have a 
tendency to put aside "serious" thinking 
about such things as the draft and mili- 
tary obligations until later, if conclusions 
drawn in a random sampling among 
eastern high schools is any indication of 
a nationwide trend. 

Anxious to see what "gaps" it might 
have to overcome to communicate with 
young men prior to their draft registra- 
tion age, Selective Service recently hired 
an independent research firm in Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, to "rap" with 
high school juniors and seniors about the 
draft. The team visited schools from 
Boston to Vermont and found "wide- 
spread disassociation (by the students) 
from active or responsible participation 
in the mechanics of our society." Most 
particularly, the team noted, was "a dis- 
association from the process of obliga- 
tory military service." 

Not Unusual 

The research team indicated in its report 
that "this disassociation is not unusual 
at this age as this particular age group 
finds certain comfort in the well-defined 
tasks and obligations centered within his 
school and home structure, and this 
tends to produce a somewhat defensive 
thoughtlessness about life tasks, styles 
and directions." 

Interviews were staged among juniors 
and seniors in upper middle income pri- 
vate schools as well as middle class pub- 
lic high schools. Ghetto area schools in 
the metropolitan centers were contacted 
to participate in the surveys but, accord- 
ing to the research firm, did not offer to 
participate. 

Students of the private schools tended 
to be "more responsive to the questions" 
and seemed "most actively concerned 
with participation in society," while sur- 
veys conducted in what the firm called 
"middle class" or "lower middle class 
public schools," showed that the schools 
"provided less than adequate training 
and stimulation in the art of intelligent 
decision-making. ' ' 

The group of young men from which 
the military services hope to attract their 
volunteers and from which the Selective 
Service draws for its draft quotas to the 
greatest extent can not be "easily at- 
tracted" to outside offers of assistance in 
the forms of information or motivational 






materials which may increase their 
opportunity after high school," the firm 
found. 

'I Don't Know' 

In reports of conversations with the 
young men, the research team found 
that in response to specific questions 
about their draft obligations, the inter- 
viewee would reply "I don't know," or "I 
don't think about the draft. I spend most 
of my time thinking about other things 
I'm involved in." 

"I don't think about the draft because 
I'm not going in, no matter what. I plan 
to go on to school anyway. If I had to go, 
I would get a lawyer and get out. I'd go to 
Canada if I had to, but I don't want to 
think about it now." 

"We don't worry about the draft. Per- 
sonally, I don't think I know anyone 
who was drafted. Once in a while we 
have discussions about the war, pollu- 
tion . . . and the things that you hear 
about and see every day." 

Researchers said they were concerned 
about the lack of proper information 
about the draft being circulated among 
the students. Much of the misinforma- 
tion came from older youths, many in 
college, draft counseling groups and par- 
ents. Seldom did the students discuss the 
draft with their teachers, school counsel- 
ors and few said they went to the local 
board for information. 

Misinformation 

One student said "he heard" that if "you 
get a low number one year, they fix it so 
you get a high one next time." Although 
he was only 17, the student believed that 
he had his lottery number already, that it 
was a low one and that by the time he 
was 19 and draft age, 'Til have a low 
number again." 

One young man said he talked to 
"older guys" about the draft and from 
their conversations he was determined 
that he would not even register for the 
draft when he became 18. "I'm not going 
to help (in the war) in any way. I disagree 
with the war. I'd rather go to jail . . . 111 
go to Canada." 

Selective Service has written and is 
distributing millions of pieces of litera- 
ture, has produced a high school curricu- 
lum and is planning television public 
service appeals to reach students and tell 
them about the literature. 






Continued from page 1. 

an alien for exemption from liability 
under the Act from 18 months to 12 
months to reflect the policy of 
several foreign countries which 
have reduced military service re- 
quirements below 18 months. 

Provides an amendment for a high 
school student to receive a post- 
ponement rather than the I-S (H) 
deferment until the time of his 
graduation or until he reaches his 
20th birthday, or ceases to pursue 
his schooling, whichever is the 
earliest. Provides an amendment for 
a college student to receive a post- 
ponement rather than the IS-C de- 
ferment until he finishes his cunent 
term, semester, or quarter. 

Adds a provision to prevent state 
directors from accepting additional 
positions with state or local govern- 
ments unless they have the approval 
of the Selective Service Director. 

Employee Pay 

Amends a section to require Selec- 
tive Service to pay its employees 
under the provisions of the Classifi- 
cation Act of 1949, as amended, and 
authorizes the Director to employ 
experts and consultants at a rate not 
to exceed the equivalent per diem 
rate for a GST 8. This paragraph also 
requests the removal of the 10 year 
tenure provision applicable to exec- 
utive secretaries of local boards, 
thus requiring Selective Service to 
return to traditional guidelines of 
civil service. 

Eliminates the obsolete language 
which authorized the Chief of 
Finance, U. S. Army, to act as the 
fiscal agent of the Selective Service 
System. 

Authorizes the Director to make 
more realistic cash settlements, 
substituting "$500" for "$50" and 
amends the act to increase the 
amount of funds for burial expenses 
for registrants who die while acting 
under orders. 

Adds a new section which allows 
the prosecution of a non-registrant 
up to five years after his 26th birth- 
day, which is written to overcome 
the result of Supreme Court action 
Continued on page 4. 



Continued from page 3. 
which limited the time for prose- 
cuting men who fail to register to 
five years and five days after a man's 
18th birthday. 

• Sets an amendment to substitute 
the fact of issuance rather than re- 
ceipt of an induction order as the 
deadline beyond which a man will 
not be accepted for voluntary enlist- 
ment, and to authorize the Director 
of Selective Service and the Secre- 
tary of Defense jointly to waive the 
prohibition against "post-induction 
order" enlistments. 

• Sets a two year extension for author- 
ity to make special calls for the 
induction of persons in medical, 
dental and allied specialist cate- 
gories and amends sections to con- 
tinue for two years the authority for 
the payment of special pay of physi- 
cians, dentists and veterinarians in 
the services. 

Nevada Pushing 
Curriculum With 
Help of Educator 

Nevada State Director Addison A. 
Millard has announced a new program 
aimed at introducing Selective Service 
information to high school age young 
men throughout his state. 

Frank R. Brown, the state's consultant 
for counseling and pupil personnel serv- 
ices and Major A. Chelton Leonard, 
Nevada's Selective Service deputy direc- 
tor, are conducting a series of meetings 
with school principals, counselors and 
senior boys to discuss the recent changes 
in the draft laws and to search for ways 
to include the Selective Service Curricu- 
lum Guide into the high schools and 
educational programs. 

Topics included in the discussions are 
random selection, registration, classifica- 
tion, induction, and a question and 
answer period in which senior boys may 
ask any questions they may have con- 
cerning the Selective Service law. 

Fifteen high schools in Nevada partici- 
pated in the program during the period 
February 2 through February 12. 

Mr. Brown said that the school offi- 
cials involved in the program "were 
generally enthusiastic about this kind of 
program and are interested in the Selec- 
tive Service Curriculum Guide as a pos- 
sible addition to the educational offerings 
of the schools." 



Chronology of Clay Case 

To aid local board employees and state headquarters personnel 
in answering a number of inquiries pertaining to the Cassius; 
Clay court issue, the following chronology is offered by the 
Justice Department. 

February 1961: Classification Questionnaire filed. 
March 12, 1962: 1-A by local board. No appeal filed. 
January 1964: Examined. 
March 13, 1964: Examined. Not acceptable. 
March 26, 1964: Classified in 1-Y. 

January 26, 1966: Acceptable— following re-evaluation of records. 
February 1966: Classified 1-A. Requested a personal appearance and filed SSS 
Form 150. 

March 21, 1966: Classified 1-A following personal appearance and considera- j 
tion of his l-O claim. He appealed from this determination. 
August 1966: Requested classification as a minister. Case was on appeal at 
this time so consideration of this request was postponed. 
January 10, 1967: Classified 1-A by 3-0 vote of Kentucky appeal board. 
January 1967: Local Board considered ministerial claim and declined to reopen 
the classification. 

January 1967: Classification reopened upon request by the Director. 
January 19, 1967: Classified in 1-A. He appealed from this action and requested 
that the appeal be heard by the Texas appeal board, Jan. 31, 1967. 
February 20, 1967: Classified in 1-A by a 4-0 vote of Texas appeal board. 
February 1967: Director appealed to the President. 
March 14, 1967: Classified 1-A by 3-0 vote of NSSAB. 

March 1967: Induction order issued with a reporting date of April 11, 1967. 
Transferred to Houston, Texas. Transfer board ordered him to report for in- 
duction on April 28, 1967. 

April 28, 1967: Reported as ordered, but refused induction. 
May 8, 1967: Indicted by Federal Grand Jury. 

June 20, 1967: Convicted. Sentenced to five years imprisonment and $10,000 
fine. Appeal filed. 

March 24, 1969: Supreme Court remanded case to the District Court for a 
hearing to determine whether the conviction had been secured as a result of 
evidence obtained by electronic surveillance. 

July 14, 1969: District Court found the monitored conversations bore no 
relation to any evidence used by the Government in securing his conviction. 
Subsequently he was resentenced as before, but was released on $5,000 bond 
pending appeal of this decision to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in New 
Orleans. 

April 13, 1970: Arguments were presented on this date and decision will be 
forthcoming. (The last five entries shown above were reported on June 24, 
1970 by the Criminal Division, Department of Justice.) 

July 6, 1970: 5th Cir. U. S. Ct. of Appeals affirmed opinion of U. S. District 
Court, sustaining conviction and sentence. 
Aug. 19, 1970: Rehearing in 5th Cir. Court of Appeals denied. 
January 11, 1971: Certiorari granted by Supreme Court of the U. S. but limited 
to Question No. 4 of the petition, which is: "whether the conviction should 
be vacated in the light of Welsh v. U. S. because the denial to petitioner of 
Conscientious Objector exemption may have been based on Department of 
Justice's erroneous characterization of his objections to participation in war 
as 'political and racial' rather than 'religious.' " 

■MHMHIHmiMH 



U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1971 O - 419-215 



'ULi. 




Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



MAY 1 7 1971 

SAN FRANCISCO 
WBUruWMW 



HOUSE VOTES IN DRAFTING AUTHORITY UNTIL 1973 



By a wide margin, the U. S. House of Repre- 
sentatives voted April 1 to extend the Presi- 
dent's induction authority until July 1, 
1973. The final vote on the bill, 293 to 99, 
does not reflect the controversy in the 
House regarding the duration of military 
conscription. However, the principal of re- 
taining the draft was sustained by an over- 
whelming majority. 

The bill generally corresponds with the 
President's draft proposals. It grants the 
President authority to phase-out undergrad- 
uate student deferments and to institute a 
uniform national call. The bill also provides 
that if a young man fails to register with a 
local board, he can be prosecuted up until 
five years after his 26th birthday. 

Features of the bill not in the Presidential 
package include: 

• Pay for servicemen is raised by a total of 
$2.7 billion in the House bill, $1.7 billion 
more than the President requested. 

• Divinity students will continue to 



qualify for exemptions from military service. 

• Conscientious objectors must serve 
three years alternate service, the last year 

in substitution for the four years of obligated 
reserve service facing inductees upon their 
release from active duty. C.O.'s can 
continue to work for private, non-profit 
organizations; however, if a CO. fails to 
satisfactorily perform his alternate service 
he will be subject to induction. 

• There must be a local board, together 
with its administrative site, in every county 
or corresponding subdivision. 

• On the initiative of the House Armed 
Services Committee, the minimum age for 
local board membership is set as 18. In 
addition, board members and appeal 
board members cannot serve more than 15 
years or after they reach age 65. 

• The "sole-surviving son" exemption is 
broadened to include men of families in 
which a member was killed or totally 
disabled while in military service, or is a 
prisoner of war or missing in action. 

The House took its final vote on the bill 



after three days of debate. The measure 
now goes to the Senate, which has not yet 
reported out of committee its own version 
of the draft bill. If the House and Senate 
bills are not identical, there must be a Sen- 
ate-House conference to iron out the dif- 
ferences. After a final vote by both houses, 
the bill must be signed by the President 
before becoming law. 

Much of the House discussion centered 
around opposition to the Vietnam War, 
not the draft system. Defeated were amend- 
ments which would: extend the President's 
induction authority for only one year (200 
votes to 198) and also for 18 months (200- 
170); end the President's induction author- 
ity this June 30th (330-62); repeal the draft 
act by the end of this year (73-11); prohibit 
draftees from being forced to serve in Viet- 
nam (260-122); modify the law to sup- 
posedly better reflect the Welsh vs. U. S. 
decision on conscientious objectors (voice 
vote); and establish a 1971 cutoff date for 
student deferments (voice vote). 



High Court Refutes Selective Wan Issue 



The U. S. Supreme Court has ruled that 
conscientious objection to a particular 
war is not grounds for claiming relief 
from military service. 

The court's opinion, an 8-1 vote with 
Justice William O. Douglas dissenting, 
made the following points: 

The wording of the part of Section 
6-J of the Military Selective Service Act 
of 1967 which reads that a registrant 
"who, by reason of religious training 
and belief, is conscientiously opposed 
to participation in war in any form" 
may be considered for CO. status, 
clearly is intended to mean that the ob- 
jection must run to war in any form. 
The phrase "participation in war in 
any form" has been used in the Act 
since 1917. 

Section 6-J of the Act does not dis- 
criminate against religious affiliation 
or belief, the rights of which are pro- 
tected by the First Amendment of the 



Constitution. While the specific defen- 
dants involved argued that some faiths 
distinguish between personal partici- 
pation in "just" and "unjust" wars, the 
court cited the U. S. Solicitor General's 
brief which pointed out that the con- 
tention of 6-J serves the overriding in- 
terest of protecting the democratic 
decision-making process against claims 
of individual noncompliance. 
■ There are "valid neutral reasons" 
for. limiting exemption to objectors to 
all wars, such as the Government's 
need for manpower and the problem of 
administering the draft laws by a "fair" 
system. Exemptions based on selective 
conscientious objection would involve 
a claim of a registrant which had un- 
certain dimensions; granting the claim 
would involve a real danger of erratic 
or even discriminatory decisions. 
"Should it be thought that those who go 

Continued on page 4. 



Executive Order 
Closes Loopholes on 
Transfers of Induction 

Registrants can no longer transfer from 
their own local board to another board 
after they have been issued an order_to 
report for induction, according to a 
Presidential executive order issued 
March 10. 

The order does permit, however, that 
a "called" registrant can induct volun- 
tarily at any Armed Forces Entrance 
Station up to three days before his 
scheduled induction date. 

At the same time the former restric- 
tion that "hardship" or "good reason" 
be the basis for request for transfer has 
been removed. The new policy also 
eliminates the administrative require- 
ment of a delay in induction for those 
registrants who have moved to new 
locations. 

Continued on page 4. 



From the Director . . . 

TO REPRESENT 

ALL AMERICANS 



Because the Selective Service System 
concerns itself with all young men in 
our country and affects every 
American community, I believe that 
our boards and compensated staffs 
should reflect the economic, religious, 
ethnic, and racial interests of the 
communities they serve. When a 
young man goes before his board or 
visits his local board office, it may 
help him to know that at least one 
board member or employee can 
understand his particular and 
perhaps unique concerns. 

We have made progress in 
broadening our representation. As of 
November 30, 1970, for example, 595 
of our compensated personnel were 
black, Spanish-surnamed, American 
Indian, and Oriental. From these 
same groups, membership on our 
local boards has increased by 181 
since I took over my present position 
last April. The representation of 
women on the boards has increased 
by 59 over the same time period. 

Our state directorships have been 
held by minority group members in 
Puerto Rico, Guam, Hawaii, the 
Virgin Islands, and the District of 
Columbia for some time. In addition, 
we now have our first minority 
directors of states in the continental 
United States — in Virginia and 
Massachusetts — as a result of 
appointments made this year. 

Thus we have made progress. But 
we wish to do more. 

To ensure priority attention to this 
important subject, I have appointed 
Mr. Reynaldo P. Maduro as our 
Director of the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Program and Deputy 
Manpower Administrator. Mr. Maduro 
took over this new post in January, 
and he has been working hard to 
establish rapport with members of 
minority communities which are not 
now represented as much as we 
would like. He has had frequent 
contact with federal agencies working 
in this field as well as with leaders of 
minority groups. 

In some communities, establishing 
this interest and commitment is not 
an easy task. 




Mr. Maduro is developing a 
program for proportional 
representation which includes specific 
goals and the methods to reach these 
communities in accordance with a 
definite timetable. If any of you have 
suggestions as to how we can better 
operate this program, please contact 
him at National Headquarters. 

To further our efforts in the 
representation area, Mr. Maduro met 
with the state directors of the 
District of Columbia, Virginia, 
Massachusetts, and Michigan late in 
March. The conference proved 
valuable in identifying what has been 
accomplished in Selective Service and 
what still needs to be done to give us 
the level of representation we know 
must be reached. The conference 
participants established an Equal 
Employment Opportunity Policy 
Committee that will develop specific 
policies to encourage proportional 
participation throughout the 
Selective Service System. The 
Committee also agreed to launch a 
pilot recruiting project in Michigan. 
If successful, the guidelines used there 
will be provided to other states. 

Despite our accomplishments, we 
have a long and difficult path ahead of 
us. I am most appreciative of the 
numerous people within Selective 
Service who have made significant 
contributions in this important area. 
I am sure that if we will all continue 
to work together we can realize even 
greater progress. 

The system's efforts, I want to 
point out, cannot be in contradiction 
with any necessary personnel cutbacks 
within the Selective Service System. 
Employees who have been displaced 
will be given first consideration for job 
openings. However, after displaced 
personnel have been given this 
preference, I believe that we must 
rededicate ourselves to achieving a 
truly representative System. 



Threi 



Eighty years of combined dedicated 
service is the mark achieved by three 
state directors who have ended brilliant 
careers in Selective Service. 
"" The retirements of Captain Chester 
J. Chastek, Washington state, Brig. Gen. 
Ernest E. Novey, Connecticut, and 
Mr. Allen J. Roush, Colorado, have 
been announced by Dr. Curtis W. Tarr. 
Captain Chastek ended his career of 30 
years on April 1 . Gen. Novey, who com- 
pleted almost 20 years, and Mr. Roush, 
who has served since 1940, both retired 
on March 15. 

Captain Chastek has served 22 years 
as state director for Washington. He 
also served four years in the former 
Field Division at National Headquar- 
ters as a liaison officer and from 1941 to 
1945 was the Selective Service occupa- 
tional advisor for Washington State. 

A special ceremony March 26 at Na- 
tional Headquarters, attended by Wash- 
ington Senators Warren G. Magnuson 
and Henry M. Jackson, honored Captain 
Chastek's retirement. The Captain was 
presented a Selective Service Distin- 
guished Service Award by Dr. Tarr and 
the Legion of Merit from the Navy. 

The Captain enlisted in the Army 
during World War I, serving in the in- 
fantry. He switched services later, be- 
coming a naval reservist. In 30 years 
of working in Selective Service, Captain 
Chastek noted that, "the system has 
undergone refinements and changes in 
the law to meet the wisdom developed 
from our experience and research. I 
have always felt that these changes 
were for the better." 

Lauds Staff 

The former Washington State director 
lauded his own staff, stating that Wash- 
ington State was an "economical" 
operation. He praised further the efforts 
of his uncompensated personnel, say- 
ing that many have served in a volun- 
tary capacity for 25 years and more. 

In addition to his busy role as state 
director, the Captain has been a Ro- 
tarian of 28 years standing, the 15th 
Region Commander of the Military 




SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



1 

2 

3 
4 



Congress Considering the Future of the Draft 

President Nixon Submits Request for 
Draft Law Changes: The President also asks 
Congress to Extend Induction Authority for 
Two Additional Years. 

The Congress is conducting a review of Selective Service legislation. On January 28, 1971, 
President Nixon sent to Congress his recommendations for draft action. 
There are three major proposals in President Nixon's request: 

■ Extend the President's authority to induct young men for two additional years. 
The current authority to induct expires on July 1, 1971. 

■ Restore the President's traditional authority over educational deferments. 
If granted, the President plans to eliminate all future deferments for undergraduate 
college students and cancel deferments for students enrolled in college after 
April 23, 1970, the date the President first asked Congress for the authority to 
eliminate student deferments. 

■ Establish a Uniform National Call under the Lottery System of inducting young 
men into the armed services. The Uniform National Call would insure that the 
induction of all young men with the same lottery numbers would be at approximately 
the same time. 

In explaining his position, the President said, "The objective of this Administration is to 
reduce draft calls to zero, subject to the overriding considerations of national security— and 
as long as we need the draft, to make it as fair and equitable as we can." 

"Over the past nine months," the President said, "the Secretary of Defense and the Director 
of Selective Service have initiated a comprehensive series of steps designed to help us achieve 
that goal. Average draft calls are now substantially lower than they were when this 
Administration assumed office, and we have significantly improved the consistency and 
fairness of the draft system. We shall continue these actions at an accelerated pace." 

President Nixon stated: "No one knows precisely when we can end conscription. It depends 
on many things— including the level of military forces that will be required for our national 
security, the degree to which the combination of military pay increases and enhanced benefits 
will attract and hold enough volunteers to maintain the forces we need, and the attitude 
of young people toward military service." 

The President's draft reform proposals also include specific requests to improve pay and 
other conditions in the armed forces. These proposals, together with a request to be 
submitted in 1971 for a second increment of expenditures to further improve pay and 
conditions, constitute the popularly-called "All- Volunteer Force proposals." A brief summary 
of the 1971 requests appear in part 4 of this document. 




PRESIDENT NIXON 



SUMMARY OF CONTENTS 



Excerpts of remarks by Assistant 
Secretary of Defense Roger T. 
Kelley supporting the President's 
request for a two year extension of 
the draft induction authority. 



Excerpts of remarks by Dr. Curtis 
W. Tarr, Selective Service Director, 
supporting the President's request 
to restore his traditional authority 
over educational deferments. 

Excerpts of remarks by Dr. Tarr on 
the President's request for a 
Uniform National Call. 



A summary of the President's 1971 
proposals concerning the "All- 
Volunteer Armed Forces." 



NOTE TO READERS: 

This special supplement to Selective Service News summarizes the 

Administration's proposals now before Congress requesting 

changes in the draft law, extension of the President's induction 

authority, and support for the All- Volunteer Army concepts. 

This material is presented to assist you in gaining a better 

understanding of the proposals and offers some of the rationale 

cited by Dr. Tarr and Assistant Secretary Kelley in their 

presentations before Congress. As concerned members of the 

Selective Service family, we hope you will find this information of value. 

The Editors 



^ 



1 



Extension of 
Authority to Induct 



Excerpts of remarks by Assistant Secretary of Defense, 
Roger T. Kelley, before House Armed Services Committee- 
February 23, 1971. 



our young people. It is exceedingly improb- 
able that, given the present national secur- 
ity environment, the conversion from con- 
scription to all-volunteer could be accom- 
plished by July 1, 1972. A brief look at 
requirements for new enlisted personnel in 
FY 1972 shows why. 




artillery units. Currently only 4% of our 
combat soldiers specifically request such 
assignments. The remainder are draftees or 
men who enlisted without designating an 
occupational preference. Proposed solu- 
tions to this supply problem will be de- 
scribed in my later testimony, but it is 
imperative that we rely partially on the 
draft for combat soldiers in the 1971-73 
time frame. 

Second, medical doctors. To meet re- 
quirements, it is essential that the author- 
ity to draft doctors be extended for two 
years along with the general induction au- 
thority. Our nation has a shortage of 
medical doctors, and it is reflected in our 
military supply of doctors. If the authority 
to draft doctors ended in July 1971, it is 
estimated that we would be 3,000 doctors 
short by the end of FY 1972. Again, we need 
time to solve this problem. 



ROGER T. KELLEY 



A two-year extension of the induction au- 
thority is recommended because we should 
be able to eliminate need for the draft by 
July 1, 1973. For this to happen, early and 
favorable action will have to be taken on 
the legislative authority we seek. Our 
American society will have to treat mili- 
tary people, and the uniform they wear, 
with honor and respect. And we in Defense 
will have to manage our resources with 
maximum effectiveness. If factors beyond 
our control prevent us from reaching this 
goal by July 1, 1973, then we should return 
here on a timely basis to account to you for 
our performance, and recommend an appro- 
priate extension of the induction authority. 

Why not extend the induction authority 
for just one year, as some have suggested? 

To extend the draft for one year only 
would mislead our nation, and particularly 



Requirements for New Enlisted Personnel 



THOUSANDS 
1,000 



(ACTIVE FORCES) 



FY1969-FY1972 



600 



818 




1969 



1970 
Fiscal Years 



1971 



1972 



Although the annual requirement is de- 
clining, you will note that over 500,000 
enlisted personnel must be obtained in FY 
1972. Considering that volunteers for FY 
1971 will total about 400,000, one-half of 
whom are draft-motivated, replacing the 
accession power of the draft in FY 1972 is 
extremely unlikely. 

In addition to total manpower require- 
ments, there are specific manning problems 
which suggest that extending the induction 
authority for one year only would danger- 
ously jeopardize national security. Let me 
mention two such problems. 

First, combat soldiers — those men who 
are assigned to Army infantry, armor and 



Why not extend the induction authority 
for four years, as in the past? 

To extend the induction authority for 
longer than two years would be inconsist- 
ent with our all-out effort to end reliance 
on the draft. The early attainment of zero 
draft, calls for maximum pressure on those 
of us who are responsible for implementa- 
tion. The two-year extension is not a guar- 
antee that reliance on the draft will have 
ended by July 1, 1973. It rather means that 
there is reasonable expectation of attaining 
this goal by that time, and the Administra- 
tion should be obliged to report period- 
ically to Congress on progress toward its 
attainment. 



2 



Undergraduate 
Student Deferments 



Excerpts of remarks by Dr. Curtis W. Tarr, Director, Selective 
Service, before House Armed Service Committee — February 23, 1971 



The major inequity remaining in Selective 
Service comes from granting deferments to 
those enrolled in programs of higher edu- 
cation. Doing so disadvantages those who, 
for one reason or another, do not go to a 
college or university. While it is true that 
an undergraduate deferment technically 
postpones the time when a young man 
enters the service, the longer he delays en- 
trance the better the chance that he will 
become exempt because of physical impair- 
ment, a family hardship, or conscientious 
objection. The incidence of each of these 
increases with age. In another sense, the 
postponement of the college man adds a 
burden for those who are inducted imme- 
diately: a man being drafted now probably 
will be sent to combat, whereas it is less 
likely that this will be so for those who 
now are being deferred as students. 

Ironically, undergraduate student defer- 
ments also impose inequities upon those 
who accept them. A young man, at the time 
he enrolls in college, usually is not aware 
of his vulnerability under random selec- 
tion; only 24 percent of the young men 
entering college are 19 years of age or older 
and thus have a random selection number. 
Hence, many young men are influenced to 
attend college with the hope that by doing 
so they will escape the immediate require- 
ment of serving in the armed forces. I be- 
lieve most of these young people eventually 
would go to college even if undergraduate 
student deferments were discontinued. But 
then the young person, of necessity, would 
consider the reasons for attending college 
instead of deciding to go only so that he 
might postpone service to the nation. 

As people are induced by undergraduate 
student deferments to attend college for the 
wrong reasons, they may also be influenced 
to remain in college to avoid immediate 
induction into the armed forces. I have 
talked with countless numbers of young 
people who would have gained a great deal 
personally by interrupting their college 
work so that they might understand better 
their motivations for study and how better 
they might orient their lives. But when- 
ever I asked why they did not choose to 
take time for this reappraisal, consistently 
young men reported that they felt bound to 
continue college work so that they might 
avoid induction. 

There is no question in my mind that the 
spirit of inquiry and the enthusiasm for 
scholarship on college campuses would be 
enhanced greatly if the compulsion im- 
posed by undergraduate student deferments 
were eliminated. I believe it was this 
awareness that persuaded members of the 
American Council on Education last year 
to recommend that undergraduate student 



deferments be eliminated. 

Recently on my visit with fighting men 
in Southeast Asia I clearly discerned an- 
other reason for eliminating undergraduate 
deferments. Many of the men I talked with 
were college graduates. Consistently they 
reported to me that their jobs did not chal- 
lenge their intellectual curiosity nor did 
their positions utilize their academic expe- 
riences. But this complaint should not sur- 
prise any of us. The overwhelming number 
of enlisted men's jobs in the Army do not 
require the experience of higher education. 
Furthermore, I could detect in these young 
men an emotional unrest with their cir- 
cumstances that indicated the degree to 
which they had grown beyond the oppor- 
tunity available to them. I asked many if 
they should have entered the Army two 
years earlier,- every man admitted to me 
that if he had to go to the Army he should 
have gone earlier in his life. 

In April of last year the President phased 
out deferments based upon occupation. 
This was an historic act, partly because it 
terminated the nation's dependence upon 
channeling, the concept of persuading peo- 
ple to enter a vocation critical to the na- 
tion's need in lieu of service in the armed 
forces. In a sense, deferments based upon 
education are a kind of channeling. The 
justification for this deferment is that it 
will assure that a sufficient supply of 
college-trained young people will become 
available each year for national needs. 

But now we are inducting only a small 
portion of those young men eligible for call. 
Our calls would have little effect upon 
undergraduate student enrollment if these 
deferments were removed. It seems clearly 
in the national interest to eliminate them. 
And certainly to do so would improve the 
equity of selective service. 

If the Congress grants the authority to 
phase out undergraduate deferments, the 
President intends to follow the guidelines 
he proposed last April. All those young 
men who were enrolled in college or uni 



versity on April 22, 1970, would be eligible 
to retain undergraduate student deferments 
or to apply for them. These deferments 
would continue until the student was grad- 
uated, became twenty-four years old, or no 
longer pursued a full course of study. A 
young man enrolling in college after April 
22, 1970, would be eligible for call when 
his local board reached his random selec- 
tion number, with the understanding that 
he be permitted to complete the semester, 
term, or quarter in which he then was en- 
rolled. The same policy would apply to 
young men enrolled in junior college, trade 
and technical schools, and apprenticeship 
programs. 




DR. CURTIS W. TARR 



The President has asked also for author- 
ity to phase out divinity school exemptions. 
It is his intention, if. Congress grants him 
this authority, to continue all exemptions 
to divinity students enrolled prior to Jan- 
uary 28, 1971, but not to authorize new 
ones. This position is consistent with that 
taken several years ago to eliminate general 
graduate school deferments and the request 
now to phase out undergraduate defer- 
ments as well. 



3 



Uniform National Gall 



Excerpts of remarks by Dr. Curtis W. Tarr, 

Director, Selective Service, before House 
Armed Services Committee- February 23, 1971 

random selection work as effectively as 
young people want, and as we believe it 
can. Ever since I became Director of Selec- 
tive Service, I have been concerned about 
the way we spread the call. The law re- 



I have been gratified in my conversations 
with young soldiers in Vietnam to learn of 
their enthusiasm for the random selection 



system. 
It is not possible now, however, to make 



UNIFORM NATIONAL CALL 

Continued from previous page 

quires us to establish a quota for each state, 
territory, possession and the District of 
Columbia, and these in turn for their sub- 
divisions, on the basis of all those who are 
liable for service after classification, with 
credit given for those who are in the armed 
forces. 

Toward the end of 1970, the first year of 
the lottery, I received many letters from 
local board members saying that it would 
be much more equitable if we could base 
our calls on random selection numbers 
rather than the quota system provided in 
the law. 

Each local community would be pro- 
tected against having a disproportionate 
number of its young men taken by a uni- 
form national call because we would hold 
to the same random selection number 
everywhere in the nation, and only those 
men in the community with numbers be- 
low that national number could ever be 
called by the community's local board. 
From the point of view of the registrant, the 
uniform national call is the fairest way to 
conduct a draft, because all young men face 
exactly the same liability to induction as 
other men with the same lottery number. 
The Military Selective Service Act declares 
the intent of Congress to be that "in a free 
society the obligations and privileges of 
serving in the armed forces and the reserve 
components thereof should be shared gen- 
erally, in accordance with a system of selec- 
tion which is fair and just. . . ."I believe 
that the uniform national call would estab- 
lish such a system. 

This proposed adjustment of calls would 
in no way affect the operation of local 
boards or their authority to make all dis- 
cretionary judgments with regard to their 
registrants. The only effect is on the man- 
ner in which calls are determined for each 
local board. We would continue to ask each 
board to deliver a quota each month, based 
upon the men available below the national 
sequence number cutoff, with adjustments 
for late entrants into this pool. By assuring 
that no board must call men with higher 
random selection numbers than any other, 
communities are protected at the same 
time that the greatest fairness to registrants 
is achieved. 



4 



A SUMMARY OF THE PRESIDENT'S 
PROPOSALS CONCERMNG THE "All- 
VOLUNTEER" FORCE. 



President Nixon, in his efforts to provide the nation with an 
all-volunteer force, submitted a number of legislative proposals 
to Congress on January 28, 1971. These proposals include an 
increase in base pay for recruits of 50 percent and an average 
increase of 36 percent for men with under two years of service. 

His message followed a 7.9 percent across-the-board pay 
raise, effective January 1, that raised military pay by nearly 
$1.2 billion per year. 

Specifically, the President's proposals include: 

■ An investment of an additional $1.5 billion to make military 
service more attractive to present and potential members of the 
armed forces —most of the money to be used to provide a pay raise 
for enlisted men and women with less than two years of service. 

■ Increases in quarters allowances for personnel in the lower 
enlisted grades. 

■ Establishment of a test program of special pay incentives designed 
to attract more volunteers into enlistment and training for army 
combat skills. 

■ Direction to the Secretary of Defense to recommend such further 
additions to military compensation for Fiscal Year 1973 as may be 
necessary to make the financial rewards of military life fully 
competitive with those in the civilian sector. 

■ Expansion of efforts in the areas of recruiting, medical scholarships, 
Reserve Officers Training Programs, improvement of barracks 
housing and other programs designed to enhance the quality of 
military life. 

■ Continuation and strengthening of Department of Defense efforts 
to emphasize recognition of the individual needs and capabilities 
of all military personnel. 

In testimony before the Senate and House Armed Services 
Committees during February, 1971, Secretary of Defense Melvin 
Laird said that the 1971 package will be followed by a larger, 
supplementary package of requests next year. These bills, if 
approved and funded, are expected to contribute to the 
attainment of an all-volunteer force by July 1, 1973. 




End Selective Service Careers 



Capt. Chester J. Chastek (U.S.N.R. ret.) 

Order of World Wars, a former Depart- 
ment (State) Commander of the same 
Order, a former State Commander of 
the American Legion, and also the 
first Commander of the Legion of 
Honor of Nile Temple (AAONMS.) 

General Novey was Selective Service 
State Director of Connecticut from 
May 14, 1951, until March 15, 1971. 

The General has a long history of 
military service and civilian achieve- 
ment. He served in the Connecticut 
National Guard (infantry) from June- 
November, 1916, as a sergeant. During 
World War I, from May, 1917, until Feb- 
ruary, 1919, he served with the 102nd 
Infantry in France and was commis- 
sioned in the field. General Novey was 
recalled to active duty during World 
War II, from 1941-1946. He was then a 
Colonel and the commanding officer 
of the 102nd regiment, serving in the 
Pacific theatre. 

Civic Duty 

Between two World Wars, the General 




Brig. Gen. Ernest E. Novey (A.U.S. ret.) 

held the office of mayor of his home- 
town of Torrington, Connecticut from 
1929 to 1937 and then was elected to 
the office of high sheriff of Litchfield 
County, Connecticut, 1938 to 1941. 
During this period he also served in 
the Connecticut National Guard and 
the Army Reserve. 

After World War II, General Novey 
served as Director of the World War II 
Veterans Bonus Division in Connec- 
ticut until his appointment as Selec- 
tive Service State Director. 

General Novey is active in many 
organizations. Presently he is a member 
of the American Legion, the Veterans 
of Foreign Wars, the Yankee Division 
Veterans Association, of which he is an 
honorary deputy commander, the Ma- 
sons, the Knights of Pythias, the Eagles, 
and the Elks. 

General Novey has been described 
as "a man of great compassion who 
always had a kind word and saw the 
best in everybody." 



Mr. Allen J. Roush 

Mr. Roush has served with the Se- 
lective Service System in Colorado 
since 1940, with the exception of the 
brief March, 1947- August, 1948, period, 
when Selective Service was not in full 
operation. Mr. Roush has served in 
almost every capacity from clerk at 
the local board in Walsenburg, Colo- 
rado, to state director. He began work- 
ing at Colorado State Headquarters in 
1942, serving in the manpower office 
for about 10 years, and then assuming 
the post of deputy director for some 
three years. He was appointed the Colo- 
rado State Director January 1, 1968. 

Born in Kansas, Mr. Roush has lived 
most of his life in LaVeta, Colorado. 
During the brief period when he did 
not work for Selective Service he was 
an employee of the Reconstruction 
Finance Corporation, for which he 
helped dispose of surplus government 
property. 

Mr. Roush is a member of the South- 
ern Colorado Consistry and the 
Masonic Lodge in LaVeta. 



High Court Refutes Selective War Issue 

Continued from page 1. 

to war are chosen unfairly or caprici- 
ously," the court opinion said, citing a 
fear of the National Advisory Commis- 
sion on S. S. in 1967, "then a mood of 
bitterness and cynicism might corrode 
the spirit of public service and the val- 
ues of willing performance of a citizen's 
duties that are the very heart of free 
government." 

■ Opposition to a particular war ne- 
cessarily involves judgment that is 
"political and particular" and "one 
based on the same political, sociologi- 
cal and economic factors that the gov- 
ernment necessarily considered" in 
deciding to engage in a particular 
conflict. 

The Court specifically dealt with 
two cases. One was that of Guy P. Gil- 
lette, who faces a two-year prison sen- 
tence for willfully refusing induction 
on the grounds of his humanistic belief. 
Gillete sought C. O. status, claiming 
that while he would be willing to parti- 
cipate in a war of national defense or a 
war sponsored by the U.N. as a peace- 
keeping measure, he was opposed to 
participation in the "unjust" American 
military operations in Vietnam. The 
second case was that of Louis A. Negre, 
a Catholic born in France but natural- 
ized here, who applied for an Army dis- 
charge after he had been inducted, 
completed basic training, and received 
orders for duty in Vietnam. Negre 
claimed opposition to participation in 
the Vietnam conflict because of his re- 
ligious beliefs. 

In both cases the court did not ques- 
tion the sincerity of the defendants' 
views. 

The court also pointed out that "war 
in any form" refers to real shooting 
wars. A registrant would still have a ba- 
sis for claiming C. O. status if he ad- 
mitted that he was not opposed to 
fighting in theocratic wars or to using 
force in self-defense, in defense of home 
and family, or in the defense of imme- 
diate acts of violence against others in 
the community. In addition the court 
gave room for those who feel they can 
not be certain that their current oppo- 
sition to all wars will still exist in the 
future. This is "humble good sense, 
casting no doubt on the claimant's 
present sincerity of belief," the court 
said. 



Board Secretary 
Cited for Extra Effort 

Following are portions of a letter re- 
ceived recently by Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 
which expresses warm thanks for the 
thoughtful, individual attention an ex- 
ecutive secretary gave the family of a 
young man who had just reached draft 
registration age: 
"Dear Dr. Tarr, 

. . . Jim is in a wheelchair perma- 
nently; he has muscular dystrophy. 
We (my wife and I) must tend to him 
and take care of him constantly. This 
included my taking him to the draft 
board office, Upper Marlboro, Md. 
(Local Board #56). 

Normally this office is open for busi- 
ness Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. 
to 5 p.m. 

When I called the office to get par- 
ticulars, 1 talked with Mrs. Clara Wil- 
son,the executive secretary. I explained 
the problem, which included my hav- 
ing to transport Jim, in his wheel 
chair, to the office for registration. I 
did not want to take a day off from my 
work for this purpose. 

Mrs. Wilson made an immediate, 
favorable and positive response. Be- 
cause I could not take a day during 
the normal work week, she quickly 
volunteered to meet us at the office 
on Saturday (February 6, 1971) at our 
convenience! 

What more can I say than a most 
warm and sincere "thank you." She 
was so kind, so helpful, so considerate, 
so willing to help ..." 

Dr. Tarr replied to the writer, in 
part, ". . . You have no idea how 
pleased I am to receive this fine recom- 
mendation of the work of one of our 
executive secretaries. I am going to 
write a note to Mrs. Wilson and tell 
her how pleased I am that she was 
able to accommodate you in such a 
thoughtful manner ..." 



Use of funds for printing of this publication ap- 
proved by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, 
August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information 
between National Headquarters and other compo- 
nents of the Selective Service System as well as the 
general public. However, nothing contained herein 
may be accepted as modifying or enlarging provi- 
sions of the Military Selective Service Act of 1967, 
or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office 
of Public Information, National Headquarters, Se- 
lective Service System, 1724 F Street, N.W., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 20435. For sale by the Superintendent 
of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, 
Washington, DC. 20402-price 10 cents (single 
copy). Subscription Price: $1.00 per year; 25 cents 
for foreign mailing. 



Telephone Caller 
Gets Right Number 
-Wrong Sound 

Col. Marshall A. Sanders of the Ken- 
tucky State Headquarters staff swears 
the following is true: 

According to Col. Sanders, Mrs. Sylvia 
Bryant, executive secretary of Local 
Board 59 in Vanceburg answered her tele- 
phone one morning in the following 
manner— "Good morning, Selective 
Service." There was no reply but the 
loud click indicated the caller had hung 
up. The same thing happened several 
times with the same results. 

Feeling something was wrong, Mrs. 
Bryant changed her greeting and at the 
next telephone ring said "Good morning, 
draft board." 

From the other end of the line came a 
relieved reply: "Thank goodness I finally 
got you. I've been getting the Electric 
Service all morning." 



Executive Order Closes Loopholes 

Continued from page 1. 

If a called registrant does not submil 
to early induction, he must report oe 
his induction date to the site specified 
on his induction order. If he refuses in- 
duction, his case will be referred foi 
prosecution to the judicial district serv- 
ing his local board. 

Selective Service officials said the 
new regulations will not affect cases 
before the courts or cases where viola- 
tions occurred prior to March 10. 

"The result of this change in regula- 
tions," according to Dr. Curtis Tarr, "is 
that men requesting transfers in good 
faith will not be denied this opportu- 
nity—in fact, they will have their rights 
to transfer broadened. On the other 
hand," he said, "registrants who seek 
transfers only for purposes of delaying 
induction or facing draft law violation 
charges in a different jurisdiction will 
find these loopholes closed." 



OFFICIAL NOTICES 

February 18, 1 971 —Local Board Mem- 
orandum No. 93, Subject: "Furnish- 
ing Information to Regular and 
Reserve Components for Enlistment 
Purposes," Amended: February 18, 
1971. 



WASHINGTON. DC. • MAY 1971 




Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



V 



Juppeme Court Rules on 
eopening C. 0. Cases- 
BM Says C. 0. Claims May 
lot Be Considered Alter 
lduction Order Mailed 

>cal boards are not required to reopen 
'egistrant's classification and act on a 
nscientious objector claim after the 
gistrant has been mailed an induc- 
)n order, the Supreme Court ruled 
pi 21. 

Subsequently, Selective Service Lo- 
1 Board Memorandum 111 has been 
tiended to read that, "claims for 
assification in Class I-O or I-A-O re- 
ived by the local board after the 
ailing of the order to report for in- 
iction (SSS Form 252) may not be 
msidered. " 

The 6-3 decision of the High Court 
>held the ruling of the Circuit Court 
Appeals for the 9th Circuit in the 
se of Mr. William W. Ehlert of San 
ancisco, California. Mr. Ehlert 
aimed that the crystallization of his 
mscientious objection beliefs after 
.e mailing of his induction order con- 
Continued on page 3. 

luestinnnaires Show Over 
,000 Volunteer 
iegistrars 

ore than 7,000 men and women are 
rving as Selective Service volunteer 
'istrars. This is one of the conclusions 
a questionnaire mailing at the end of 
irch to all state directors by Assist- 
t Deputy Director - Operations Dan- 

J. Cronin. By press time, all but five 
ites had reported. 

According to the questionnaires, the 
mber of uncompensated alternate 
pstrars ranged from 1,422 in New 
irk State (exclusive of New York City) 

a low of in three states. Thirty 

ites had 0-100 volunteer registrars 

Continued on page 3. 



"Get The Facts! Know Your Rights!" 



DOCUMENTS 
JUM 14 1971 



SAN FRANCISCO 
POCLIO LIBRARY 



The new Selective Service 
System public service 
spots feature thirty-six- 
year-old Fred B. Traub, 
a Massachusetts Selective 
Service Appeal Board 
member. Here Mr. Traub 
appears with employees in 
his record outlet. 



You may turn on your television or 
radio any day now to hear, "Get the 
facts! Know your rights! For informa- 
tion, write Brochure, Selective Service 
System, Washington, D. C. 20435." 

You might hear and/or see Mr. Fred 
B. Traub, a 36-year-old wholesale rec- 
ord dealer from Needham, Massachu- 
setts, first in his record outlet and then 
as a member of the Massachusetts 
Selective Service Appeal Board. Mr. 
Traub will comment that for some 
young men, the decision concerning 
their military obligation is the most 
important decision they have made 
thus far in their lives. Or perhaps you 
will visit with Selective Service Na- 
tional Director Curtis W. Tarr as he 
talks with members of Selective Serv- 
ice State Youth Advisory Committees 
and college students. Dr. Tarr will ex- 
press his desire that all young men get 
a "fair deal" by knowing their rights 
and responsibilities under the draft 
law. 

These TV and radio spots, the first 
ever to be distributed by National Head- 
quarters, are primarily intended to fur- 
ther publicize the availability of the 
five new brochures describing Selective 
Service and the draft. 

The brochures, the first press run of 
which are almost depleted, are already 
being distributed through National and 
state headquarters and local boards, 
and are being sent to schools, draft 
counseling groups, and others upon re- 
quest. But the purpose of the public 
service spots is to reach out to individ- 




uals—young men, their parents, and 
other interested people. It is especially 
timely that the spots begin airing now, 
since summer is coming and young 
people will not have the opportunity to 
obtain draft information from their 
schools. 

In all, four public announcements 
have been produced for TV, one 30-sec- 
ond and one 60-second spot each of Dr. 
Tarr and Mr. Traub with young people. 
Four similar announcements were pro- 
duced for radio, in addition to a fifth, 
20-second spot, that just has time to 
tell how to procure the brochures. 

Initial distribution of the spots is to 
390 TV and 418 radio stations, all of 
which are located in the top-50 popula- 
tion areas of the country. 

The television promotion project 
was begun by the Office of Public In- 
formation at National Headquarters 
last summer, when efforts were begun 
to see how best to "reach" young peo- 
ple. PIO and Cinecom, Inc., the Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts-based producer 
of the spots, conducted a series of inter- 
views with 120 junior and senior male 
high school students in schools 
throughout northern New England to 
survey young men's views about Selec- 
tive Service. (For details on the inter- 
views, see S. S. News, March, 1971.) 

The subsequent public service spots 
are actual films of Dr. Tarr and Mr. 
Traub working with and caring about 
young people. 

Continued on page 3. 



From the Director . . . 

No Collocation 
Across County Lines 



Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 



The recent halt in our plans for collocation of 
It u a/ board administrative sites across county 
lines troubled some of you, and I am sorry for 
the uncertainty this change in plans must have 
caused. After the House of Representatives 
voted on March 3 1 to prohibit collocation 
across county lines, I decided that I would not 
argue for collocation in the Senate. I felt that 
collocation would have only a modest chance 
for success there, and our employees should 
not be uncertain of the future any longer. 

Frankly, I did not expect the magnitude of 
House opposition to our plans for collocation. 

I studied many of the implementing plans 
prepared by our state headquarters, and I am 
convinced that collocation would have 
brought needed improvements to the System. 
These location changes would have permitted 
increasing supewision and, thus improved the 
uniformity of decisions, the equitable treatment 
of registrants and our ability to defend the 
System in the courts. In addition, I believe 
collocation would have saved taxpayers 
considerable amounts of money, especially in 
the second year of operation and thereafter, 
and it would have provided us with an 
administrative organization flexible enough to 
maintain contact with local boards during a 
standby draft. Collocation also would 
facilitate rapid expansion in the event of a 
mobilization. These requirements remain with 
us, and now we must seek new means to 
satisfy them. 

I wish to explain the sequence of events that 
led to the House vote against inter-county 

I I »//< x ation. I began to receive stiff 

( ongjressional resistance to collocation in 

about mid-March. We at National 

I teadquarters anticipated tlie usual kind of 




Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information be- 
tween National Headquarters and other components of 
the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of Ihe 
Military Selective Service Act of 1967, or any other acts 
of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information. Nalional Headquarters. Selective 
Service System, 1724 F Street, NW„ Washington, D. C, 
20435 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 
20402-price 10 cents (single copy). Subscription 
Price $1 00 per year; 25 cents for foreign mailing 



Congressional inquiry for the benefit of 
constituents, and a few state plans were 
modified in light of reasonable opposition. But 
some Congressmen, most of them influential, 
continued to register firm and sincere 
objections to collocation. It began to appear 
that we would encounter a road block 
somewhere if we continued with our plans. 

It was difficult to make sufficient visits with 
Congressmen to meet the misunderstandings 
and objections raised about collocation, 
although I and other people at National 
Headquarters tried for several weeks to do so. 
Many Congressmen continued to think that it 
was my intention to close local boards, and I 
never convinced some of them that I sought 
the opposite— to support the continued 
operations of local boards in whatever climate 
of public support we receive. 

On March 31, Congressman lack T. 
Brinkley from Georgia introduced an 
amendment to the House draft extension and 
reform bill to prohibit activities of local boards 
outside the county where they reside. With 
little discussion, the amendment passed on a 
voice vote. At this point, I decided to inform 
our state directors that plans for collocation of 
boards across county lines should 
be cancelled. 

These days of Congressional action on 
President Nixon's draft proposals have not 
been easy for any of you or for any of us. I 
know you have done the best you can, and I 
very much appreciate your cooperation. It 
is a pleasure to associate with fine people 
as you are. 

Many challenges still face us. VW will 
continue to seek reasonable responses to 
them. As we do so, I assure you that we will 
search for what we believe is best for the - 
nation, and we always will do all that we can 
to a< commodate your own personal concerns. 
As the days pass and as I become more aware 
of the work of many of you, I become 
int reasingly impressed witli your devotion to 
the country and your dedication to our 
important work in her service. 



New Law Enforcement 
Approach I 

The Office of General Counsel at Na 
tional Headquarters is undertaking j 
national approach to law enforcement 
Selective Service General Counsel Wa] 
ter H. Morse reported. Mr. Morse sail 
this new approach is designed to assis 
the existing efforts of Selective Servicl 
state headquarters and United State 
District Attorneys by providing man 
power and legal expertise where needed 

The new legal chief, who took offid 
this January, said he has an almo^ 
complete picture of the law enforce 
ment situation through questionnaire 
sent to all state directors in March. T 
keep him continuously informed, 
monthly reporting system is planne 
for the future, Mr. Morse said. 

National Headquarters is workin 
closely with the Assistant Attorne 
General for Internal Security, who i 
responsible for Selective Service ma 
ters in the U. S. Department of Justici 
This is necessary if timely proseci 
tions are to be achieved. Addition! 
prosecuting attorneys are now beirj 
sent by Justice on temporary assigi 
ments to certain judicial districts of th 
country when backlogs of Selecth 
Service delinquents develop. In add 
tion, Selective Service is assigning r 
own Reserve officers who are attorney 
as well as Reservists of the Army, A 
Force, and Navy, for two weeks of ai 
tive duty to state headquarters to r< 
view and prepare delinquents' files fi 
referral to United States Attorney 
Morse said he hopes eventually to pn 
vide more attorneys for state headqua 
ters and also more regional attorney 
who will give legal assistance to sta 
headquarters not requiring full-tin 
assistance. 

Other factors contributing to th 
move toward more efficient law ei 
forcement include an executive ord' 
issued March 10, 1971, which stati 
that registrants can no longer transf 
from their own local board to anoth 
board after they have been issued 1 
order to report for induction. The e 
feet of this order, Morse said, is th 
prosecutions of draft law violators wi 
be more evenly spread across the cou 
try. Further, a provision in Presidei 
Nixon's draft extension and reform pr 
posals will allow the U. S. Governme: 
to prosecute a man until his 31st birt 



ay for failure to register with Selec- 
iive Service. (This proposal will 
vercome a U. S. Supreme Court deci- 
ion — Toussie v. United States — which 
eld that a person failing to register 
ould only be prosecuted within five 
ears and five days of his 18th birthday. ) 
"We don't want to put anyone in jail, " 
tressed Morse, "but, we do want to 
et men to register and to submit to 
nduction. When men are liable for the 
raft and ordered to report for induc- 
ion, they should comply with the law. 
rompt and effective law enforcement 
hould achieve this end." 

uestionnaires . . . 

ontinued from page 1. 

nd eight states had over 300. States 

eporting more than 400 alternate regis- 

ars, besides New York, were Pennsyl- 
ania, with 700; Texas, 695; California, 
70; and Ohio, 565. 

The percentage of total registration 
landled by the volunteers ranged from 

high of approximately 70 percent in 
"Jew York State to a low of percent. 
Thirty states said 10 percent of their 
egistration was done by uncompen- 
iated registrars; four states, 26-50 per- 
:ent ; and three states, 51-70 percent. 
These latter three were New York State; 
Connecticut, 55 percent; and Oregon, 
>8 percent. 

Low percentages of volunteer regis- 
trar registration could indicate efficient 
registration by compensated Selective 
Service personnel and local board mem- 
bers or, in some cases, a lack of knowl- 
edge about the alternate registrars by 
young men. 

In all states except two, headquarters 
reported that, from the standpoint of 
the registrar, it would be more con- 
venient to have additional alternate 
registrars appointed. 

Uncompensated registrars have gen- 
erally been obtained through the efforts 
of the staff and members of local boards 
and state headquarters. The question- 
naires showed that registrars most 
commonly are connected with schools 
— either high schools or colleges — and 
public institutions — city or county 
clerks, penal authorities, postmen, and 
veterans services personnel. School 
counselors were considered especially 
appropriate registrars since they are 
concerned with the total future of 
young men and are, therefore, in a posi- 
tion to have a meaningful perspective 
on a young man's military obligations. 

To acquaint new registrars with their 
duties, the headquarters of both New 
York State and Washington State re- 
ported that they have published and 
distributed short introductory manuals. 



E-1 Pay on the Rise 



Beginning recruits are making almost 900 
percent more monthly pay than they did 
63 years ago. While an E-1 brought home 
an incredible $15 a month in 1908, he now 
makes $134 monthly. 

Present E-1 pay is still low relative to 
non-military standards, but it promises to 
increase considerably. If Congress grants 
President Nixon the $1.5 billion military 
budget increase he requested, pay for an E-1 
with less than two years of service will in- 
crease 50 percent, to $202, retroactive to 
May 1 of this year. Also included in the 
President's draft package are additional pay 
raises for E-l's next year. 

The House of Representatives' draft bill, 
with a $1.7 billion higher military man- 
power budget than the President proposed, 
would increase E-1 pay even more, to $268 
per month. 

E-1 pay scales have been consistently low 
through the years. They have been increas- 
ing steadily from 1964, however, from a 
low of $78 that year, to $90 in 1966, $96 
in 1967, $102 in 1968, $115 in 1969, and 
$124 in 1970. 

A striking stagnancy in E-1 pay was ex- 
perienced between the end of World War II 
and the beginning of the Vietnam buildup. 
The 1964 monthly wage for E-l's was the 
same as for the 12 previous years! 



"Get the Facts..." 

Continued from page 1. 

To further spread the airing of the 
spots, PIO has asked the Advertising 
Council, a self-governing board of ad- 
vertising agencies which oversees pub- 
lic service announcements, to publicize 
the availability of the spots in its news- 
letter. The spots can be obtained by 
writing Mr. Kenneth J. Coffey, Public 
Information Officer, Selective Service 
National Headquarters. 

Supreme Court.. . 

Continued from page 1. 

stituted a "change in the registrant's 
status resulting from circumstances 
over which the registrant had no con- 
trol," a condition required for the re- 
opening of classifications after the 
issuance of induction orders. 

The Supreme Court ruled that decid- 
ing that one wants to be reclassified a 
C. O. is not a circumstance over which 
a registrant has no control. The court 
further ruled that a young man whose 
C. O. beliefs crystalize after being 
mailed an induction order "will have 
full opportunity to obtain an in-service 
determination of his claim without 
having to perform combatant training 
or service pending such disposition." 



Former State Director 
Appointed To National Post 

Effective April 7, former Iowa State Di- 
rector Glenn R. Bowles has been ap- 
pointed Operations Division Manager 
at National Headquarters. Mr. Bowles 
replaces Col. Maxwell O. Jensen, the 
former Chief of the Operations Divi- 
sion, who has been made Deputy Man- 
ager of the same division. 

Director in Iowa since 1955, Mr. 
Bowles has been a member of the Na- 




Glenn R. Bowles 

tional Selective Service Policy Com- 
mittee since 1968. The University of 
Michigan graduate has had a wide back- 
ground of experience. He has been a 
high school teacher, a sports coach, an 
employee of several private firms, and 
has served a number of years in the mil- 
itary. Mr. Bowles served in the Army 
during W. W. II and in the National 
Guard, 1947-53. He joined the Iowa 
Selective Service System in 1955, first 
as an Army Lt. Colonel and then as full 
Colonel. Since 1969, Mr. Bowles has 
been a civilian. 



OFFICIAL NOTICES 

The following issuances were 
rescinded April 2, 1971. 
MEMORANDUM TO GOVERNMENT 

APPEAL AGENTS (No. 1), issued 

March 6, 1967 
MEMORANDUM TO GOVERNMENT 

APPEAL AGENTS (No. 2), issued 

July 1, 1967 

MEMORANDUM TO GOVERNMENT 

APPEAL AGENTS (No. 3), issued 

July 5, 1967 
MEMORANDUM TO GOVERNMENT 

APPEAL AGENTS (No. 4), issued 

June 5, 1968 
LETTER TO ALL GOVERNMENT 

APPEAL AGENTS dated October 

26, 1967 



Announced to all Selective Service state 
directors February 25, 1971, Special Call 
No. 46 for doctors, dentists, and allied med- 
ical specialists may still need explaining to 
both those inside and outside the System. 

The Special Call, for 1,531 doctors and 77 
osteopaths, was levied on the states by Se- 
lective Service National Headquarters, on 
the basis of each state's availables and the 
numbers requested by the Department of 
Defense. To be instituted in phases, from 
July, 1971, to January, 1972, this year's Doc- 
tors' Draft is occasioned by the end of ac- 
tive duty of those called in the Doctors' 
Draft of 1969. There was no need for a 
Special Call in 1970. 

Five hundred and thirty-six dentists were 
originally included in Special Call No. 46, 
but the dentist call was subsequendy can- 
celled by Defense in order to provide dental 
classes graduating in 1971 an expanded op- 
portunity to volunteer for cornmissions 
into the armed forces. Cancellation of the 
dentist call annuls induction orders already 
issued to dentists, some of whom have es- 
tablished practices in their communities or 
are engaged in other civilian dentist careers. 
If a sufficient number of dentists do not 
volunteer by this June or July, Defense will 
be forced to reissue a special dentist call to 
meet its needs. 

Following are more useful facts about 
this year's Doctors' Draft: 

■ At present there are 15,050 doctors and 
6,500 dentists serving on active duty. By June 
30, 1972, these numbers will be reduced to 
14,000 doctors and 6,000 dentists due to a 
planned reduction in armed force to two and 
a half million men. During the interim, the 
services will need to obtain 9,000 doctors and 
3,800 dentists. 

■ Medical school graduates have shown a 
small but steady increase, from 7,574 in school 
year 1965-66 to 8,367 in school year 1969-70, 
with medical school graduates being generally 
between 24 and 25 years of age. 

■ According to the Military Selective Service 
Act of 1967, physicians, dentists, and allied 
medical specialists (veterinarians, optome- 
trists, osteopaths, and male nurses) who were 
previously deferred for any reason are subject 
to being called until age 35. Aliens who enter 
the United States after receiving their medical 
degree have draft liability until age 35. 

■ Presidential Executive Order No. 11527, is- 
sued April 23, 1970, provided that draft regis- 
trants, including medical specialists, are not 
eligible for ll-A, or occupational, deferments un- 
less these were requested or granted prior to 
April 23, 1970. Consideration will be given to 
the continuation of the ll-A deferments already 
held on the basis of the registrant's essentiality 
to the national health, safety, or interest, or his 
essentiality to the community. 

■ Consideration will also be given for the 
deferment of special registrants on the 
basis of their essentiality to the com 
munity. The induction date of regis- 
trants who have been issued orders to report 
for induction shall be postponed the minimum 
time necessary to complete any review of their 
community essentiality; this postponement 




should last no longer than 30 days, subject to a 
further postponement if necessary. 

In addition, a postponement of induction, 
beyond that authorized to complete the com- 
missioning process of special registrants, may 
be possible to allow additional time for commu- 
nities and others to obtain replacements for 
registrants whose entry into service would be 
unduly disruptive to health services. 
■ If a local board receives evidence verifying 
that a special registrant applied for a Reserve 
appointment prior to January 1 , 1 971 , the board 
will postpone his induction until the processing 
is complete; when the board receives an an- 
nouncement of a registrant's Reserve appoint- 
ment, it shall cancel the registrant's order to 
report for induction. Special registrants who 
submitted an application for a Reserve com- 
mission between January 1 and March 8, 1971, 
and are appointed on or before the date of is- 
suance of an order to report for induction, shall 



have their induction order cancelled also. 

■ Except for Berry Plan participants who wish I 
to complete a residency in a medical specialty 
needed by the military, doctors are not deferred 
to complete residency training. 

■ Medical specialists generally serve as com- 
missioned officers. If commissioned before age 
26 they serve two years of active duty and four 
years in the Reserves. If commissioned after 26 
they may resign their commission after active 
duty. 

■ The commanding General of the Army area 
in which the special registrant is examined allo- 
cates him to a branch of service; the branch of 
service makes assignments based on its needs. 

■ Doctors not called may induct voluntarily 
during special calls only by going to their local 
board and filling out the proper forms. Aliens 
on exempt visas may not volunteer, but, other- 
wise, aliens are drafted like natural-born citi- 
zens and may volunteer. 

■ When a special registrant applies for a com- 
mission, his date of entry onto active duty be- 
gins when the commissioning process is fin- 
ished. If such a registrant does not apply for or 
accept a commission, his date of entry into 
service is the date of induction on his induction 
order; he may be drafted as an enlisted man 
and will serve in a capacity determined by the 
service to which he is allocated. 

■ The sequence of selection for special medi- 
cal registrants is by random sequence number 
if under age 26 and youngest-first if over 26. 

■ Since doctors who plan to intern are not 
drafted until they have completed internship, 
the greater proportion of doctors called are 
over age 26. Special registrants under 26 who 
have completed their internship face a high 
probability of being called. Special registrants 
over 26 are most vulnerable prior to age 30. 

■ The phasing out of occupational defer- 
ments created a pool of available l-A and l-A-0 
special registrants from which selection can be 
made; as more classes of special registrants 
enter the pool, the percentage of the pool 
called should decline. 

■ Commissioned service in the U.S. Public 
Health Service is acceptable as an alternative 
to service in the military. Information concern- 
ing this program can be obtained from: 

U. S. Public Health Service 

Chief, Employment Operations Branch OS 

Office of Personnel, OSC 

9000 Rockville Pike 

Bethesda, Maryland 20014 

■ The following offices will provide informa- 
tion regarding the numerous medical ed- 
ucation programs sponsored by government 
agencies: 

Office of the Surgeon General 
ATTN: MEDMC-MT 
Department of the Army 
Washington, D. C. 20314 
USAFMPC/SGPSSG 
Randolph Air Force Base 
Texas 78148 

USAFMPC/SCPSE 
Randolph Air Force Base 
Texas 78148 

Bureau of Medicine and Surgery 
Navy Department 
Washington, D. C. 20390 




Selecliue 



°°cumehts 



WASHINGTON • JUNE 1971 



S.S.S. AWAITS CAPITOL HILL ACTION 



ludget Hearings On 

ective Service, after the appropriate fiscal 

iews and revisions by several agencies, has 
uested from Congress a $78,400,000 budget 

fiscal year 1972. This year's proposal is $2,- 
1,000 higher than the $76,049,000 budget for 
al 1971. 

Even with savings in some areas of the Sys- 
ri, the slight budget increase is offset by other 
tors, with the net effect being a necessary 
luction in personnel. (See 'Trom the Direc- 
," page 2.) Costs have increased in such areas 

personnel pay, which experienced a govem- 
:nt-wide pay increase effective since January; 
the same time, System resources have had to 
allocated to new functions, such as increased 
pervision and inspection, necessitated by 
:ent court decisions. 

The Selective Service appropriations request 
now being considered by the House of Repre- 
itatives Appropriations Subcommittee on 
JD-Space-Science and the Senate Subcommit- 
: on Independent Offices. Stated Director 
orris W. Tarr before the House subcommittee 
ay 5, "I believe it is imperative for the Selec- 
e Service System to have the financial re- 
tirees requested for fiscal year 1971 We 

nnot do satisfactory work with fewer employ- 
s (than we plan for), given the level of registra- 
ms and inductions that we anticipate during 
e period, and the constraints under which we 
ust operate." 

The General Statement of the proposal shows 
at the System anticipates a slight increase in 
gjstrations during 1972, which will bring the 
tal to the largest number in the history of 
lecrive Service. While estimated registrations 
r 1971 total 1,961,000, those for 1972 are 
pected to increase to 2,032,000. The process of 
gjstration for most registrants, continues the 
atement, requires more actual work by local 
•aid employees than all other subsequent 
>stem processes. 

Seventy-six percent of the proposed budget is 
loted to local board operations. The proposed 
seal 1972 budget breaks down as follows: 
Dollars 
(millions) 

National Headquarters 4.9 

State Headquarters 13.9 

Local Boards 59.5 

National Advisory Committee 

National Appeal Board T 

78.4 
Cont'd on p. 2 

ie "view from the top" gave National Head- 
tarters employees a unique perspective on 
iril 27 demonstration activities outside the 
iadquarters building. (Photo by Tom Gray) 
ie story, page 4. 



Senate Bill 



As it came out of the Senate Armed Services 
Committee, the proposed Senate draft extension 
and reform bill corresponded to the Administra- 
tion proposals more closely than the final House 
version. (See S.S. NEWS, April, 1971) However, 
by press time it appeared that no speculation 
could be made on the specifics or timing of the 
final Senate vote. 

The Senate committee "mark up" granted the 
President authority to induct men for two more 
years, until July 1, 1973, and to institute a uni- 
form national call. It also authorized the Presi- 
dent to phase out undergraduate student defer- 
ments, although, while the Adrninistration 
proposal is retroactive to April 23, 1970, the 
Senate committee version stipulated that bona 
fide undergraduate students of the 1970-71 
academic year would continue to qualify for 
deferments. 

The Senate committee followed suit with the 
House in accepting the Administration pro- 
posals that if a man fails to register with a local 
board, he can be prosecuted up until five years 
after his 26th birthday, and also that throughout 
Selective Service law, the governing time factor 
will be the issuance of induction orders and not 
the date they are received. The Senate commit- 
tee bill did not contain the House provision 
broadening the scope of the "sole surviving son" 
exemption. 

The Senate committee "mark up" contained 
the following elements not in the Administra- 
tion package: 

■ A maximum ceiling of inductions per fiscal year 
was set at 150,000 draftees, with the provision that a 



Presidential executive order could raise the ceiling 
"because of urgent national security reasons," pro- 
vided the President first informed Congress of his 
reasons for doing so. 

■ As in the House bill, local board members must be 
between the ages of 18 and 65; the tenure of service 
for members was limited to 20 years, as opposed to 
the House stipulation of 15 years. 

■ If the President were to call up obligated Reserv- 
ists for additional service, he could also call up con- 
scientious objectors for an additional year, within four 
years of completion of their l-W work. 

■ A high school student who became 20 his senior 
year would be allowed to complete his school year 
following the receipt of an induction order. (If a high 
school student became 20 before his senior year, this 
provision would not apply.) 

■ Divinity students would receive student defer- 
ments instead of the previous Administrative ex- 
emptions. 

However, the final Senate version might differ 
considerably from the Senate committee "mark 

Cont'd on p. 2 



LOTTERY 
DRAWING WHEN? 

Director Curtis W. Tarr has stated that 
the 1971 lottery drawing, for men who 
reach their 19th birthday in 1971, 
will probably be held in mid-July. He 
quickly added, however, that the date 
will be contingent upon the passage 
of the new draft legislation. Until 
there is a new draft law, no lottery. 




From the Director 

On the New Staffing Schedule 



\ fan) people in our System have asked with 
concern if the terminated plans for 
i 1 »//( x ation would be resumed again after 
Congress completes action on Selective 
Service legislation. I want to assure all of you 
thai the nationwide plan to collocate 
administrative sites of our local boards has 
definitely been cancelled. It will not be 
reconsidered as long as the System continues 
to operate at or near its present levels. 

In order to insure that our local boards 
can adequately handle their workloads and 
that registrants are properly served, we 
must, however, change our staffing patterns 
for compensated personnel. State headquarters 
are now implementing a recently authorized 
staffing schedule which should improve the 
effectiveness and efficiency of many board 
offices. The schedule employs a mathematical 
formula to determine a minimum level of 
adequate staffing. The formula is then 
adjusted to accommodate local needs and 
considerations. 

The new staffing patterns are necessitated 
by several factors. First, in the past there 
has been an inequitable distribution of local 
board compensated personnel. Some boards 
have been under-staffed while others have 
had more than adequate personnel support 
For example, at the same time that a number 
of boards in urban areas have had to close 
tlieir offices to the public for one or two 
days a week in order to keep up with 
required paper work, the offices of some 
smaller boards have stayed open full-time 
witliout enough activity to justify their 
schedules. These inefficient uses of our 
manpower were caused, to a great extent, 
by the inadequacies of our former staffing 
schedule. These inadequacies surfaced in 
work measurement studies conducted by 
Selective Service, as well as the General 
Accounting Office and the Office of 
Management and Budget. 

A second and well known factor behind the 
revised schedule relates to the increasing 
complexity of our work in certain areas. While 
some aspects of local board activity have been 
reduced under the lottery system, others, 
particularly the areas of registrant accounting 
and filing, have become more demanding. In 
addition, legal requirements make it imperative 
that we have uniformity and correctness in all 
procedures. Consequently, we have had to 
allocate some of our resources to augment 
supervisory positions in the System at 
all levels. 

The final factor, quite candidly, is 
money. In the interest of cutting government 
costs, the Office of Management and Budget 
indicated last fall that the Selective 
Service System's wage allotment for 
fiscal 1972 would have to remain 
approximately the same as for the previous 



year. Compounding this restriction is the 
government-wide pay increase of this 
January, which has more than absorbed 
additional funds that might be used for 
personnel increases. 

A look at the recent history of our 
staffing schedules may lend some perspective 
to our present situation. The first System- 
wide staffing pattern was introduced four 
years ago. This schedule in 1968 eliminated 
the former problem of widely different 
salaries for local board personnel doing the 
same work. Also, personnel were reallocated 
on the basis of the number of "active files" 
per board, in an effort to have all areas 
staffed equally. 

The "equal pay for equal work" reform 
was successful, but, unfortunately, the 
conceptually sound method to establish 
proper work force placement did not 
accomplish its goal. One of the problems 
was the definition of "active files," which 
had to be refined in an eight-month project 
concluded in November 1970. This project 
excluded the relatively dormant files of 
registrants in Classes IV-F and lll-A, and 
resulted in the new February 1971 staffing 
schedule. 

The impact of this new schedule on our 
employees was expected to be somewhat 
eased by our now cancelled program of 
collocation. The net decrease in total 
personnel, if the revised staffing had been 
accompanied by collocation, would have 
come primarily from the near normal 
attrition of personnel during the reorganization 
period. However, the implementation of 
the staffing schedule must continue, although 
it is causing some reductions in force, 
decreases in work hours, changes in grade 



structures, and realignment of office tasks 
where two or more board administrative 
sites have been traditionally grouped. 

I deeply regret the effect the new schedule 
is having on some ot our dedicated 
employees who have been diligently and 
conscientiously contributing to the System. 
However, the revised staffing patterns are 
necessary in our continued efforts to run 
Selective Service as efficiently and fairly 
as we can. I am very proud of the way 
our employees have responded to the 
changes we have witnessed in recent 
months, and I am confident that we will all 
accept future changes with equal 
determination and with continued dedication 
to our important work. 



Where is the 
Classification Picture? 

It hasn't been developed yet. The monthly 
"Classification Picture" has been discon- 
tinued because the Director has decided it is 
unnecessary to ask the states to compile the 
relevant classification statistics each month. 
Instead, National Headquarters is collecting 
classification figures just twice a year, for 
the Director's Semiannual Reports to Con- 
gress. Figures for the periods January 1- 
June 30 and July 1-December 30 will appear 
in Selective Service News as soon as they 
become available. 



Budget Hearings On 

Cont'd from p. 1 

The House subcommittee is expected to 
"mark up/' or create their own version of, the 
appropriations request, and then report it out 
of committee and onto the House floor for a 
vote sometime in June. Since appropriations 
bills originate in the House, the Senate must 
wait to act until the House has voted. If there 
are differences in the House and Senate versions, 
a joint conference must be held to iron out the 
differences. 

Very likely, the final appropriations authori- 
zation will not be completed by the end of this 
fiscal year, June 30. In this case, as has been the 
circumstance in all recent years, Congress wilj 
pass joint resolutions continuing funding for 
the System until an appropriations bill is actu- 
ally signed into law by the President. Last year 
an appropriations law for Selective Service was 
not enacted until December 17, and before that 
date resolutions were passed monthly stipulat- 
ing that no more money could be spent than 
was spent in the same periods the year before. 



Senate Bill 



Cont'd from p. 1 
up." By press time, the Senate had voted down 
several amendments to the draft bill, with a 
number of other amendments coming up foi 
vote. Already defeated were an amendment b> 
Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield (D 
Montana) which would have required the Presi- 
dent to cut back the 300,000-man United States 
NATO force in Europe to 150,000 and four othei 
bills which were modifications of Mansfield's. 

In addition, Sen. Mike Gravel. (D-Alaska) was 
threatening to filibuster past June 30 to, in effect, 
kill the President's induction power. Senate 
Armed Services Committee Chairman John 
Stennis (D-Mississippi) was countering with the 
promise to join Minority Leader Hugh Scott (R- 
Pennsylvania) in forming a cloture petition tc 
limit debate and, thereby, force a vote before the 
President's induction authority expires. 

A Senate-House conference to iron out differ- 
ences in the two Congressional draft bills is 
necessary before the resulting bill goes to the 
President for signature into law. 



CO. Alternate 

Service 

Jobs 

Expanding- 

California Begins 

New 
Ecology Corps 



ltemate work opportunities for the some 600 
W's required to begin service each month are 
tting as varied as the men themselves. Several 
O.'s are now working for VISTA. Over 500 
: employed overseas. 

A list of other current CO. jobs includes: 
ectricians, electronics specialists, hearing aid 
pairmen, agricultural credit specialists, teach- 
s of English to foreigners, a lighthouse attend- 
it, holders of science fellowships, children's 
me "parents" (sometimes a C.O.'s wife is a 
iarent" also], child care workers, volunteers at 
e U. S. Army Medical Research and Nutrition 
iboratory in Colorado, livestock research help- 
inhalation therapists, road maintenance 
orkers, and lawyers, as well as the more com- 
ion hospital jobs, such as orderlies and janitor- 
helpers. Employers of I- W's run the gamut 
torn hospitals to rehabilitation centers, homes 
ind orphanages, health and welfare departments, 
loultry centers, bureaus of mines, courts, Indian 
eservations, community houses, migrant 
amps, the Y.M.C.A, and well over 100 re- 
igjous denominations. Out-of-state work 
jpportunities, with the cooperation of the 
elevant state director, are increasing. 

California has just launched an Ecology 
Ibrps for C.O.'s and other volunteers. The new 
California force will work in state and national 
>arks to clear streams, improve beaches, help 
vith re-forestation projects, build fire breaks, 
ind be on stand-by duty for disasters, such as 
ires, floods, earthquakes, and oil spills. Major 
Jill D. McCann, Chief of the California CO. 
Division, said I-W's volunteering for the new 
orps will live in State Department of Conserva- 
ion facilities which were scheduled for closing, 
deceiving a base pay of $40 per month, plus 
nore during the fire season, participants' salaries 
vill average $80-5100 monthly over a year's 
leriod. Already many I-W's and non-I-W's have 
olunteered for the project, said Major McCann. 



OFFICIAL 
NOTICES 



kpril 23, 1971 -Local Board Memorandum No. 
111, Subject: "Reopening of Registrant's Clas- 
sification," Amended: April 23, 1971. 

kpril 27, 1 971 - Local Board Memorandum No. 99, 
Subject: "Procedures to Implement Random 
Selection Lottery System," Amended: April 27, 
1971 



Who Does 

What 

in the Office of 

The General Counsel 

In effect since the beginning of May is a reorgan- 
ization in the Office of the General Counsel at 
National Headquarters and in the field. 

Heading the office since January is General 
Counsel Walter H Morse. Mr. Morse is respon- 
sible for the operation of the entire office, super- 
vising the work of ten staff attorneys and serving 
as legal advisor to the Selective Service National 
Director. 

Directly under him is Deputy General Coun- 
sel Henry N. Williams, who acts for the General 
Counsel in his absence and is responsible for the 
administration of the office. Mr. Williams is also 
in charge of drafting proposed legislation, regula- 
tions, executive orders, local board memoranda, 
and other directives. 

Reporting to Mr. Morse and Mr. Williams are 
three Assistant General Counsels. Lt. Colonel 
Roy R Bartlett is Assistant General Counsel for 
administrative matters, which means that he 
interprets Selective Service law regulations, and 
other directives for both state headquarters and 
National Headquarters personnel. Colonel Bart- 
lett is the General Counsel's day-to-day contact 
with state directors and their staffs, except with 
respect to trial litigation and appellate matters. 
Assisting Colonel Bartlett in administrative 
matters is Lt Colonel Robert Murphy. 

Assistant General Counsel for trial litigation, 
Mr. Harry G. Charles, assists both the Justice 
Department in the preparation of the Govern- 
ment's position in Selective Service cases and 
United States Attorneys in presenting Selective 
Service cases in Federal District Courts. Mr. 
Charles is also the General Counsel's contact 
with all attorneys at state headquarters and re- 
gional offices on Selective Service cases in the 
Offices of United States Attorneys. Assisting 
Mr. Charles in trail litigation matters is Mr. 
Lloyd Martin. 

Lastly, responsible for advising on and pre- 
paring briefs of cases on appeal to the United 
States Supreme Court and also the United States 
Courts of Appeals is the Assistant General 
Counsel (appellate), Colonel Clarence R Harris. 
Colonel Harris also recommends a position to 
the General Counsel regarding registrant re- 
quests for parole and is responsible for all mat- 
ters involving aliens. 

Assisting other divisions in matters relating to 
conscientious objection is Mr. James Davis, Jr. 
In addition to supervising prosecutive reviews of 
conscientious objector cases, Mr. Davis.by close 
liaison with all sections of National Headquar- 
ters, helps maintain consistency in the applica- 
tion of conscientious objector provisions in the 
regulations and law. 

In addition, General Counsel Morse added, 
more legal assistance will be provided to all the 
state headquarters and United States Attorneys 
and their staffs by 13 regional and assistant 
regional attorneys, whose positions have been 
approved by the Director of Selective Service. 
These attorneys will be located in: Region ID— 
Philadelphia (2), New York City |1) ; Region IV - 
Atlanta (1); Region V- Chicago (3); Region VI- 
New Orleans (1); Region VIII— Denver (1); and 
Region K— San Francisco (1), Los Angeles (1), 
Phoenix (1), Northwest (1). In addition, three 
attorney advisor positions nave been approved 
for state headquarters, with the requirements of 
other state headquarters still being evaluated. 



New Training 
Program 
Underway 

A new System-wide training program, intended 
to promote equity for registrants and to ensure 
uniformity in Selective Service procedures, is 
now underway. The project will soon involve all 
employees in the System, including local board 
personnel and members, supervisors, regional 
offices, and the staffs at state and National 
Headquarters. 

Launched in January with the creation of a 
small Training Department at National, the 
project has already seen the development of an 
"Indoctrination Program" for new state directors. 
New Connecticut State Director Frederick W. 
Palomba was the first "student." 

Of instruction directed toward local boards, a 
course on registration has been completed and 
was piloted at Kentucky State Headquarters' 
yearly "Academy" for new employees held June 
7-1 1. In attendance at Kentucky's five-day train- 
ing session were area and group supervisors from 
Nevada, Wyoming, Delaware, New Hampshire, 
and the District of Columbia, all of which do 
not have training specialists. 

Under the uniform training program, courses 
will be structured to cover ad aspects of the 
Selective Service System. They will be taught 
literally "by and for the people/' some will be 
teachers and others, students, with many stu- 
dents developing into teachers and, thereby, 
building a unique training team. For example, 
local board executive secretaries will be given 
training in their area of responsibility, including 
instruction in techniques that will help board 
members in keeping abreast of changes within 
the System. 

Soon to be available are courses on classifica- 
tion, examination, delivery for induction, con- 
scientious objection, appeals, supervisory in- 
struction techniques, ana the lottery system, as 
well as on registration. Special courses will be 
offered to keep up with procedural changes. 

Instruction will be given in classroom and 
workshop situations and on-the-job. Certain 
courses will be offered by other government 
agencies and some by non-govemment sources. 

The philosophy behind the ttaining plan, ex- 
plained Mr. George Polansky, head of the Train- 
ing Department, is to use ttaining material that 
has been developed in many states over the 
years and make this available to the entire 
System. This material will be re-evaluated and 
re-written if necessary. Then visual aids will be 
developed, and field tests conducted. 

Already, most state headquarters have nomi- 
nated a person to be their training specialist. 
After being exposed to the most modem educa- 
tional practices, these specialists will build a 
ttaining team of the people in their state. This 
team effort will provide meaningful supervision, 
education, and work experience to all 



Use of funds for printing of this publication ap- 
proved by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, 
August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information 
between National Headquarters and other compo- 
nents of the Selective Service System as well as the 
general public. However, nothing contained herein 
may be accepted as modifying or enlarging provi- 
sions of the Military Selective Service Act of 1967, 
or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office 
of Public Information, National Headquarters, Se- 
lective Service System. t724 F Street, N.W., Wash- 
ington, D. C 20435. For sale by the Superintendent 
of Documents. U. S. Government Printing Office, 
Washington, D. C. 20402-price 10 cents (single 
copy). Subscription Price: $f .00 per year; 25 cents 
for foreign mailing. 



RSN Ceiling 

Now 125-20,000 

is Combined 

May- June Call 

The random sequence number ceiling was 
raised to 125 beginning in May. 125 will remain 
the highest lottery number any board can reach 
to fill their calls through June. 

125 is 25 numbers higher than the ceiling 
during the first four months of this year, but 
is 55 points lower than the highest authorized 
RSN in June 1970. 

The peak RSN will probably be reached in 
the summer. After that time, calls will be filled 
to a large degree by registrants who have lost 
their undergraduate deferments. 

While the Department of Defense first re- 
quested 15,000 men to be drafted in May, it 
then reduced that number to a 20,000-call for 
May and June combined. Defense has now 
requested 88,000 men through June of this year, 
compared to 99,500 through June 1970. 

Concerning the number of men to be drafted 
for the rest of the year, Secretary of Defense 
Melvin R. Laird announced that no more than 
10,000 men per month would be needed. This 
would mean that, at a maximum, 148,000 men 
would be drafted in 1971, in contrast to 163,500 
last year. 

Secretary Laird stressed that the 10,000 per 
month figure was a "maximum"; he expects 
the final yearly total to be only about 142,000, 
21,500 lower than last year's total and the 
lowest since 1964. 

Monthly draft calls and RSN ceilings for the 
first six months of 1970 and 1971 are as follows: 



1970 



RSN 



1971 



RSN 



National Personnel 
Visit Local Boards 

Personnel from the National Headquarters 
Operational Divisions of Plans and Analysis and 
Inspection Services, as well as from the Office of 
Public Information, have just finished visiting 
local boards in the Washington, D. C. area. 

Upon the request of Assistant Deputy Direc- 
tor for Operations Daniel J. Cronin, some 40 
national staffers have observed administrative 
operations and meetings of local boards in order 
to gain a deeper understanding of their activities. 
Boards involved were asked to actually put their 
visitors to work. 

One young participant in the program said 
his day with the Alexandria, Virginia local 
board began at 6:00 a.m. when he helped deliver 
men for induction. Later in the day he helped ad- 
dress envelopes, sort files, and greet registrants. 

Mr. Cronin said he wants to encourage state 
headquarters to institute similar programs so 
that all employees will better understand the 
heart of the Selective Service System— the 
local boards. 



ONE THOUSAND YOUNG PEOPLE and 500 
adults descended upon a Y.M.C.A. camp in 
Estes Park, Colorado, April 18-22, to attend the 
first White House Conference devoted entirely 
to youth. Participants were designated to one of 
1 task forces which dealt with topics concern- 
ing them and the nation. Four Selective Service 
officials and five Youth Advisors were delegates 
to the draft and national service task force, 
which passed resolutions favoring the improve- 
ment of the quality of military life, among many 
others. Here,lllinois Youth Advisor Larry Sumner, 
co-chairman of the draft group, confers with a 
delegate. 



JAN 12,500 30 17,000 100 

FEB 19,000 60 17,000 100 

MAR 19,000 90 17,000 100 

APR 19,000 115 17,000 100 

MAY 15,000 145 „ n nnn 125 

JUN 15,000 170 <^.uuu 125 




Protestors 

at 

National 

Headquarters 

Non-Violent 



Some 200 demonstrators gathered at the front 
of the National Headquarters building in Wash- 
ington, D. C. April 27 and 28 in protest over 
U. S. involvement in Vietnam. Standing and 
sitting, the mostly youthful protestors were non- 
violent. They asked Headquarters employees to ! 
sign the 'Teople's Peace Treaty" and presented 
Director Tarr with a series of "demands," includ- 
ing a plea that the draft be eliminated or ex- 
tended for no more than six months or a year. 

Mid-morning in the first day of protest, 150 
demonstrators staged a sit-in around National's 
front door. Several employees were prevented 
from re-entering the building after lunch. 

A plan previously worked out between Na- 
tional Headquarters officials and the leadership 
of the People's Coalition for Peace and Justice 
would have allowed small groups of demonstra- 
tors to enter National Headquarters, one after 
another, to talk with employees in the Public 
Information Office. A memorandum was cir- 
culated throughout the building informing 
employees that anyone who wished, could go 
to the PI Office and join the discussions. This 
arrangement had to be discarded, however, 
when the majority of demonstrators voted to 
stage a sit-in instead of talking in the agreed 
upon manner. 

Despite subsequent restrictions upon entry, 
seven of the demonstrators talked for well over 
an hour with employees and Director Tarr. The 
dialogue ranged from the war in Vietnam to U. S. 
military policy and the draft system. After the 
session, Dr. Tarr stated, "While I personally do 
not agree with all of their conclusions, I believe 
that we share a common concern for the need to 
solve the serious problems that plague our coun- 
try. The understanding that can come from rea- 
sonable discussions of the issues between rea- 
sonable parties," he continued, "is a step in- that 
direction." 

Following the first day of protest, many dem- 
onstrators spent the night outside the Head- 
quarters. Joined by others the next morning, 
they blocked the front door of National and pre- 
vented employees from entering the building 
from approximately 6:30 am. to 9:30 am. 

The group periodically formed a human carpet 
and invited employees to walk over their bodies. 
Police had to be called to take the sitters away, 
and more than 200 were arrested. 

Demonstrations at Selective Service came in 
the midst of two and a half weeks of anti-war 
protest in the nation's capital. Included during 
that period were a five-day Vietnam Veterans 
Against the War protest, a rally of thousands in 
front of the Capitol, numerous demonstrations 
at government buildings, lobbying in Congress, 
and an unsuccessful attempt May 3 to stop 
"business as usual" by blocking traffic during 
the morning nosh hours. 




WASHINGTON • JULY 1971 



Selectiue Seruice MEWS 



AUG 11 1971 



As soon as the new Military 
Selective Service Act is 
signed by the President, a 
Special Issue of Selective 
Service NEWS will be pub- 
lished to explain in detail 
all changes in draft law. 

E.E.O. PROGRAM 

NELL LAUNCHED 

suggested e.e.o. 
Action PLAN 

SENT TO STATES 

m 11 -point Equal Employment Opportu- 
uty (E.E.O.) Affirmative Action Plan was 
ent to all state directors by National 
Mrector Tarr at the end of May. 

"Equitable representation of all citizens 
jtrithin all areas of the Selective Service 
I'ystem is paramount in order to maintain a 
ohesive operation," stated Dr. Tarr in his 
ccompanying letter. 

Many state directors have responded to 
)r. Tarr's communication with enthusias- 
ic support for the E.E.O. plan. The plan is 

recommended guide for state directors 
lutlining existing E.E.O. situations, includ- 
ng uncompensated as well as compensated 
>ersonnel, where there is room for improve- 
nent. It suggests actions to better these 
•ituations, along with target-dates, and it 
■pells out to which personnel the respon- 
ibility for the improvements could be 
lelegated. Among specific items listed in 
he plan are: the need for information con- 
:eming E.E.O. to flow to all levels of 
ielective Service; the responsibility of each 
itate director to implement an E.E.O. action 
)lan in his state; the need to increase the 
lumber of minority group and female 
>ersonnel ; the need to enlist the active 
>articipation of all supervisory personnel 
n E.E.O. efforts,- the need to increase the 
lumber of minority group Reservists ear- 
narked for service in the System; and the 
leed for E.E.O. counseling and prompt, 
impartial processing of complaints. 

Selective Service E.E.O. Director Rey- 
laldo P. Maduro is assisting state directors 
to augment their recruiting methods with 
more communication with minority 
groups. To this end, he sent out in late June 
various aids, such as a directory of organi- 
sations serving minority communities, 

Continued on page 3 



Executive Secretary to be Honored 



I 



In commemoration of the 51st anniversary 
of the ratification of the 19th (women's 
suffrage) Amendment to the United States 
Constitution, on August 26, Selective 
Service is instituting an Outstanding Fe- 
male Executive Secretary of the Year Award. 
The winner of this year's honor will be 
announced in early fall. 

The award will be presented each year to 
an outstanding female executive secretary 
who has been with the System at least 
three years and who has been an executive 
secretary during the current fiscal year. For 
example, women who were executive secre- 
taries any time during fiscal year 1971, 
which ended June 30, 1971, will be eligible 
for the 1971 award. 

Each state director may submit one 
nomination for the award to National 
Headquarters. The winner will then be 
selected by a special award committee. The 
winner will have demonstrated outstanding 
service during the year. She will have 
shown a high degree of personal integrity 
and judgment, and a high quality of leader- 
ship and/or sustained personal performance. 

The award offers Selective Service an 



opportunity to pay tribute to its many 
dedicated women employees. As of March 
31, 1971, women represent 17.3 percent of 
the System's total paid and volunteer per- 
sonnel force." Among paid employees 
women "dominate" the System, represent- 
ing 89.5 percent of all compensated 
workers, or 7,303 out of 8,160 people. 
Among the System's volunteer employees, 
female participation is less than the System 
would like, and Selective Service is trying 
to encourage more women to serve in non- 
compensated capacities. Of the System's 
37,865 uncompensated personnel, only 1.8 
percent, or 693, are women. Serving as local 
board members are 288 women, 1.5 percent 
of a total of 18,675 board members. In other 
volunteer positions, women represent .5 
percent of all state appeal board members 
(3 women); 5.8 percent of all Advisors to 
Registrants (369 women); .3 percent of all 
Government Appeal Agents (5 women); 4.1 
percent of all state medical advisors (12 
women); and less than .05 percent of 
Medical Advisors to Local Boards. 
'Figures do not include statistics for 
Hawaii and Puerto Rico. 



MUST EXHAUST 
ADMINISTRATIVE 
REMEDIES, SUPREME 
COURT RULES 

A registrant's defense in court of erroneous 
classification is barred if he has failed to ex- 
haust the administrative remedies avail- 
able to him under Selective Service law, 
where the classification decision must be 
based on careful factual analysis, the United 
States Supreme Court ruled on May 17. 

The High Court affirmed the decision of 
the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in 
the Vincent S. McGee, Jr. case by an 8-1 
vote, with Justice William O. Douglas 
dissenting. 

McGee had been convicted and sentenced 
to two years in prison for failing to submit 
to induction, failing to report for a prein- 
duction physical examination, failing to 
keep possession of a valid classification 
notice, and failing to submit requested in- 
formation relevant to his draft status. His 
principal defense against liability for re- 
Continued on page 3 



i" 



"Before You Enter 
the Army' 

Envelopes containing induction orders will 
be heavier by late August. By that time, the 
Department of the Army will have distrib- 
uted to Selective Service state headquarters, 
for distribution to local boards, "Before You 
Enter the Army," a better than 5,000-word 
pamphlet describing in detail the induction 
process and what to expect in military life. 

Selective Service has agreed to include 
the pamphlet with Orders to Report for 
Induction in a first-time joint effort with 
the Army to thoroughly orient men to 
induction and to the military before they 
begin military service. After his review of 
the publication, Dr. Tarr sent a letter to the 
Department of the Army saying, "I find that 
it (the pamphlet) is very informative and 
believe it will materially assist you in your 
mission." 

"Before You Enter the Army" contains 
information on what a draftee should bring 
to the induction station, what happens at 
the station, basic training, and service life 
in general, including where a draftee can 
get help with legal, medical, or personal 
problems, and other draftee rights and 
responsibilities in service. The booklet also 
includes useful information for a draftee's 
Continued on page 4 



SUPREME COURT RULES 

CLAY NUT GUILTY OF 

DRAFT VIOLATION 



The United States Supreme Court ruled on 
June 28 that Cassius Clay Jr., also known as 
Muhammad Ali, is not guilty as convicted 
four years ago of willfully refusing to sub- 
mit to induction. The decision of the High 
Court was unanimous, 8-0, with Justice 
Thurgood Marshall abstaining. 

The Court reversed the decision of the 
Court of Appeals of the Fifth Circuit on the 
grounds that Clay's induction order was 
invalid, being founded on an erroneous 
denial of his conscientious objector (CO) 
claim. 

The CO claim of the famous boxer, now 
age 29, was based on his Black Muslim 
religion. After his claim was turned down 
by his local board in 1966, he appealed to 
the Kentucky Appeal Board. The appeal 
board then tentatively classified him I-A, 
but referred his file to the Department of 
Justice for an advisory recommendation, 
in accordance with the then provision in 
section 6-J of the Military Selective Service 
Act. (This provision was eliminated when 
the Selective Service Act was amended on 
June 30, 1967.) 

Accordingly, the Federal Bureau of In- 
vestigation then conducted an "inquiry" 
concerning Clay and a hearing was held 
before a Department of Justice hearing 
officer. The hearing officer concluded that 
Clay was sincere in his CO belief on reli- 
gious grounds, and he recommended to 
Justice that CO status be granted. 

"Notwithstanding this recommenda- 
tion," states the High Court decision, "the 
Department of Justice wrote a letter to the 
Appeal Board, advising it that the petition- 
er's conscientious objector claim should be 
denied." 

The appeal board then denied Clay's 
claim, and he was later ordered to report 
for induction. When he refused to take the 
"step forward" on April 28, 1967, convic- 
tion followed. 

From the recommendation of the Depart- 
ment of Justice, "... it is evident that Se- 
lective Service officials were led to believe 
that the Department (of Justice) had found 
that the petitioner had failed to satisfy 
each of the three basic tests for qualifica- 
tion as a conscientious objector," ruled the 



Court. The basic tests for qualification 
stated by the Court were that a registrant 
be opposed to wax in any form, that he be 
opposed on the basis of religious training 
and belief, and that his opposition be 
sincere. 

The Solicitor General for the United 
States Government did acknowledge to the 
Supreme Court that Clay's beliefs are based 
on religious training and belief and that 
these beliefs are sincere. Agreeing with the 
Government the Court added, "It is in- 
disputably clear . . . that the Department 
(of Justice) was simply wrong as a matter 
of law in advising that the petitioner's 
beliefs were not religiously based and were 
not sincerely held." In reference to the 
"sincerity" issue, the Court said, "The 
Department of Justice was wrong in advis- 
ing the Board in terms of a purported rule 
of law that it should disregard this finding 
simply because of the circumstances and 
timing of the petitioner's claim." (For a 
chronology of the Clay case, see Selective 
Service NEWS, March 1971.) 

Since the state appeal board gave no 
reason for its denial of Clay's CO claim, 
it is impossible, the Court said, to know 
which of the three grounds stated in 
the Department of Justice letter was used 
for that appeal board denial. 

The Court referred to a similar case it 
had ruled on 16 years ago (Sicurell v. U. S.). 
The Sicurell decision stated: "We feel that 
this error of law by the Department (of 
Justice) to which the Appeal Board might 
naturally look for guidance on such ques- 
tions, must vitiate [make void] the entire 
proceedings at least where it is not clear 
that the Board relied on some legitimate 
ground. Here, where it is impossible to 
determine on exactly which grounds the 
Appeal Board decided, the integrity of the 
Selective Service System demands, at least, 
that the Government not recommend il- 
legal grounds." 

Although Clay's draft eligibility is ex- 
tended to age 35 because he has been pre- 
viously deferred — into Class I-Y in 1964 
— his being called is extremely unlikely 
because of his position in the Order of 
Call. (Selective Service Regulation 1631.7) 



Many Youth Become 
System Employees 
for Summer 

Selective Service has launched its paxticipa 
tion in the 1971 Federal Summer Employ- 
ment Program for youth with an emphasis 
on providing jobs for disadvantaged young 
people. Disadvantaged youth, chosen 
through schools and state and city employ- 
ment offices according to criteria set by the 
United States Department of Labor, are 
now working as temporary summer aides 
at state and National Headquarters, as well 
as at some of the larger local board offices, 

Under the President's Youth Opportunity 
Stay-in-School Campaign, many college; 
and high school students who have worked 
for the System part-time during the school 
year are now working part and full-time 
during their vacations. 

The young employees, the majority of 
whom are women, are paid the national 
minimum wage, except in certain areas 
where the minimum wage is higher than 
the national standard. They are employed 
as typists, file clerks, warehouse stocking 
clerks, etc. 

This summer National Headquarters alsc 
has two law student interns working in the 
Office of General Counsel as law clerks, 
and five Selective Service Youth Advisoi 
interns. The Youth Advisor interns are: 

Mr. J. Brewster Bede, 22, WashingtoE 
State; Mr. Barry S. Fujishin, 21, Idaho; Mr 
James Hume, 21, Virginia; Mr. Ray Maesta 
25, New Mexico; and Mr. James L. Mc 
Carthy, 21, Arizona. The interns are work 
ing on a wide variety of projects under th« 
Public Information Officer and the Equa 
Employment Opportunity Director. 

Selective Service has employed younj 
people during the summer months for man) 
years, but programs especially designed foi 
the disadvantaged and students began ir 
1965. The System has employed Youtr. 
Advisor interns for three-month periodf 
since last June. So far, 15 Youth Advisor! 
have participated in the intern program. 

While a figure count of this year's younj 
summer employees is not yet available 
last summer, 10 young people worked ai 
National and 174 others in the Selective 
Service System throughout the rest of th< 
country under the program for the disad 
vantaged. Sixty-nine youth participated ir 
the Stay-in-School program during the 
school year and, of these, many continuec 
in the program during the summer. Na 
tional Headquarters also employed sever 
YAC summer interns. 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information 
between National Headquarters and other components 
of the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public. However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the Mili- 
tary Selective Act of 1967. or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information, National Headquarters, Selective 
Service System 1724 F Street, N.W., Washington, D.C 
20435. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. D.C. 
20402 -price 10 cents (single copy). Subscription Price- 
$1.00 per year; 25 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



E.E.O. Plan 

f ontinued from page 1 

Itate by state,- suggestions on how to better 

ommunicate with minority colleges; and 

pamphlet of suggested goals and actions 

jr the upward mobility of lower level em- 

loyees. Demonstrating his commitment 

3 the E.E.O. plans, Dr. Tarr has authorized 

n increase in the membership of local 

oards where no vacancies exist but where 

linority group members are needed to 

chieve proportional representation. 

The Affirmative Action Plan was devel- 

ped by Maduro and the State Directors 

Committee on Equal Employment Oppor- 

imity established by Headquarters Order 

Jo. 180 on May 28. Members of the 

ommittee, whose purpose is to promote 

nderstanding of state and national prob- 

:ms and to develop more effective E.E.O. 

olicies, are Mr. Ernest D. Fears, Virginia, 

hairman; Mr. Victor Bynoe, Massachu- 

etts; Col. Melvin N. Glantz, Texas; Col. 

uthur A. Holmes, Michigan; and Mr. John 

P. Martin, the District of Columbia. 

Already Michigan State Director Holmes 

as launched a pilot recruiting project for 

incompensated positions to be implemen- 

ed beginning August 31. This project 

acludes distributing materials to civic and 

ocial groups to solicit participation in 

Selective Service. It also involves coordi- 

tating with other government agencies 

laving local offices in Michigan, such as the 

Community Relations Service of the United 

itates Department of Justice and the 

Community Action Program of the United 

Itates Office of Economic Opportunity, 

vhich will provide publicity of the fact that 

>ositions in Selective Service are available. 

In a news release June 19, Michigan 

ienator Robert P. Griffin "commended Dr. 



Tarr and (Michigan State Director) Col. 
Holmes for their efforts to ensure that local 
boards more closely reflect the ethnic 
make-up of the communities they 
represent." 

Maduro stressed that the E.E.O. Affirma- 
tive Action Plan is a guide to state direc- 
tors to show how they might add to their 
existing recruiting techniques. 

A chart of minority group representation 
in Selective Service as of March 31, 1971, 
follows: 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 



American Spanish 
Negro Indian American Oriental 

4 7 3 



Military 

Compensated: 

Full Time 157 4 26 14 

Part Time 8 1 

Intermittent 3 4 

Uncompensated: 
Medical Advisors 4 2 11 1 

FIELD UNITS 
Compensated: 

Full Time 272 9 111 85 

Part Time 14 2 16 7 

Intermittents 10 

Uncompensated: 
Local Board 

Members 1.424 65 623 90 

Appeal Board 

Members 51 2 15 9 

Govt. Appeal 

Agents 35 3 87 12 

Assoc. Appeal 

Agents 25 29 4 

Medical Advisor 

to Local Boards 122 99 24 

Advisors to 

Registrants 352 4 177 25 



TOTALS 



2,471 91 1,206 275 



LITTLE NOTES OF BIG INTEREST 



The Department of Defense terminated 
Special Call No. 45 for optometrists on April 
30, 1971, because sufficient numbers of regis- 
trants have been appointed or scheduled for 
appointment to meet the needs of the Army, 
Navy, and Air Force. 

4V Physicians and allied medical specialists 
-/* subject to the current Doctors Draft may be 
considered for deferments based upon their 
essentiality to their community. This essenti- 
ality is valid only if the medical specialist is 
directly involved in patient care, and his 
removal from the community would result in 
an extreme shortage of an essentially critical 
community service and where a replacement 
cannot be found by the community involved in 
the time allotted for a postponement of induc- 
tion. (See Selective Service News, May 1971) 
# Appointments of local board executive 
secretaries which were not for a ten-year 
period were to have been changed to meet this 
time period requirement by June 1, according 
to a Letter to All State Directors dated May 3. 
State directors are authorized to extend this 
period of service for additional ten-year 
periods. 
k_ Cases of registrants failing to report for 
% their civilian work assignments are now 



being sent to the Selective Service regional 
attorney servicing the state in which a regis- 
trant's civilian assignment is located. Under 
this new procedure, beginning July 1, regional 
attorneys review cases to determine whether 
or not the registrant should be reported to the 
Department of Justice for prosecution. For- 
merly, cases of violation of Section 1660.30 of 
the Selective Service regulations were sent 
to National Headquarters for prosecutive 
determination. 

J^l Whenever possible, local boards should 
•I try to have more than one compensated 
employee authorized to take official actions, 
such as selecting and ordering registrants for 
examination and induction. In a Letter to All 
State Directors June 2, Assistant Deputy 
Director for Operations Daniel J. Cronin said 
that some boards have only one person so 
authorized. "If that employee is absent, opera- 
tions can be slowed down." Boards can pass a 
resolution authorizing more personnel to act 
in their behalf, so long as these employees act 
in accordance with their job descriptions and 
within the scope of responsibility assigned 
them by the state director. (Reg. 1604.59 and 
1931.7(a)) 



Exhaust Remedies 

Continued from page 1 

fusing induction was that his local board 
had erred in classifying him I-A. 

The Supreme Court decision cited the 
McKart v. United States case (1969). This 
case specified that failures by registrants 
to exhaust administrative remedies may 
deny Selective Service important oppor- 
tunities "to make a factual record" for 
purposes of classification, or "to exercise 
discretion or apply its expertise" in the 
course of its decision-making. 

McGee argued that he was erroneously 
denied status as a ministerial student. 
"But he had never requested that classifi- 
cation nor had he submitted information 
that would have been pertinent to such a 
claim," said the court decision. 

The decision continued, "... McGee 
made no effort to invoke administrative 
processes for fact finding, classification, 
and review." 

McGee did apply for conscientious objec- 
tor status by filling out and returning the 
Special Form for Conscientious Objectors 
(CO), adding a further statement of his 
beliefs. After he graduated from college and 
lost his undergraduate deferment, however, 
he refused to fill out a Current Information 
Questionnaire, and announced that he 
would not cooperate with the Selective 
Service System. His board then reviewed 
his case, rejected his CO request and 
classified him I-A. McGee claimed in court 
that the I-A classification was erroneous. 
"But after the (CO) claim was rejected he 
did not invoke the administrative processes 
to correct the error," the Supreme Court 
said. McGee did not seek a personal ap- 
pearance or an appeal. The Court ruling 
stated that his failure to exercise his right 
of appeal deprived the appeal board the 
opportunity to "apply its expertise" and the 
opportunity to supplement McGee's case 
with any specific inquiry into the sincerity 
of his CO claim. 

By the McGee decision, noted the Selec- 
tive Service Office of General Counsel, the 
Supreme Court has recognized the integrity 
of the System. "Selective Service should 
continue to carefully ensure all registrants 
every administrative remedy available tc 
them." 

OFFICIAL NOTICES 

May 24. 1971 -Local Board Memorandum 
No. 105, Subject: "Deferments. Postpone- 
ments for Peace Corps Volunteers, Prein- 
duction Physical Examinations." Amended: 
May 24. 1971 

May 25, 1971— Local Board Memorandum 
No 120, Subject: "Preinduction Processing 
of Registrants in Deferred Classification." 
Issued: May 25, 1971. 

June 10. 1971 -Local Board Memorandum 
No. 116, Subject: "Induction of Registrants 
Distant from their own Local Boards and 
Transfers for Examination." Amended: June 
10,1971 



{.'Successful!! Publicity!! Campaigns!! 

Over 10 years ago the Mississippi state director asked a local board clerk to prepare a 
poster reminding young men of their obligation to register within five days of their 18th 
birthday. The posters have been tacked up wherever young men are likely to see them: 
schools, colleges, courthouses, post offices. Executive secretaries have been encouraged 
to contact school systems in their area two to three times a year, to make sure they have 
the posters and other informational materials concerning the draft. 

About two years ago Mississippi State Director James L. Davis thought it might be well 
to give the poster a new face,- so he offered any Mississippi Youth Advisor or local board 
employee a $25 bond for designing a better-looking reminder. But the Mississippi Youth 
Advisory Committee and the state director himself found the original poster still 
Number 1! 





"P.J A. Batman" is 
upstaged by the reminder, 
designed by a Mississippi 
. , . . . . local board clerk, that "You 

...A word of advice to Must Register " at Murrah 

young men: Do not wa,t Hi h s % nool ,„ j acksorii 

until you receive an Mississippi. One student 

(induction) order before examines the Alphabetical 

getting to know your local Random Selection 

draft board or before Sequence Chart, 

learning about Selective 
Service laws." Randy Smith 
of Station KGAY in Salem, 
Oregon, looks over the 
copy of a radio-TV spot 
prepared by Oregon State 
Headquarters. 

For two years now Local Board Chairman Ted A. Smith of Pendleton, Oregon has had the 
idea of providing radio and TV stations in his state with prepared spots to remind young 
men of their responsibility to register, and also of their opportunity to receive information 
regarding their rights and responsibilities from their local draft boards. Upon the suggestion 
of Mr. Smith, who is the owner of radio and TV stations in eastern Oregon, state head- 
quarters began writing and distributing written spots early this spring. 

After the spots were written by state headquarters, they were edited by both Mr. Smith 
and a Reservist who works for a TV station in Portland. Receiving the endorsement of 
the Oregon State Broadcasters Association, the spots were first piloted on Mr. Smith's 
stations, and now are being aired throughout the entire state. 



Before Entering 

Continued from page 1 

family, and the draftee is encouraged to fill 
out various facts on a form on the last page 
which can be torn out and given to his 
family. 

The pamphlet's discussion of what a 
draftee should bring to his induction center 
is an expansion of what appears on a regis- 
trant's Order to Report for Induction. It 
spells out the kinds of official documents 
he should bring with him concerning any 
trade or skill he has, so that the armed 
services can try to place him where his 
knowledge can best be utilized Specifically, 
the pamphlet suggests that men bring union 
cards, laboratory or other qualifying li- 
censes, certificates of trade school comple- 
tion, diplomas or certificates of completion 
from college or commercial schools, and 
certificates of job qualifications from former 
employers. 

As an interim measure until the pam- 
phlets are distributed, the Army has already 
distributed to Selective Service a statement 
to be included with induction orders which 
suggests that men bring these kinds of 
ability documentation to induction. 

Among numerous other suggestions and 
facts, the pamphlet points out, "You do not 
have to get a 'skinned head' haircut." 



Requests for Medical Review Now 
Processed Through Selective Service 



Effective June 1, 1971, all written inquiries 
regarding a registrant's physical accepta- 
bility for military service are being proc- 
essed through Selective Service. Selective 
Service procedures require that such in- 
quiries be made prior to the issuance of an 
Order to Report for Induction. It is recom- 
mended that such medical reevaluation 
requests be supported by medical evidence. 

Formerly, the Surgeon, United States 
Army Recruiting Command (USAREC) 
made such reviews and replied directly to 
the inquiry. It has been decided that Selec- 
tive Service is the more appropriate avenue 
for processing since it is Selective Service 
that selects and delivers men for the physi- 
cal exam. 

Under the new procedure, announced in 
a May 27 Letter to All State Directors, 
local boards process an inquiry and forward 
it to the state director for his review. The 
state director then forwards all information 



to the AFEES which originally examine* 
the registrant, unless he finds good reasoi 
not to do so. After review of the case, in 
eluding, perhaps, a reexamination of th< 
registrant, the AFEES forwards all informa 
tion and a tentative determination of th< 
case to Headquarters, USAREC, where fina 
determination of the registrant's medica 
acceptability is made. Upon receipt of th< 
acceptability determination, the loca 
board then informs the registrant. 

Because of operational considerations 
the opportunity for this final review is 
offered a registrant one time only, excepi 
in cases where the state director decide; 
that a substantive change has developed ir 
a registrant's condition or that a criticisrr 
of the reevaluation is valid. 

Local boards should notify a registrani 
who requests a medical review after the 
issuance of his induction order to brinj 
any new documentation to the inductior 
station when he reports for induction. 



3 




SEP 3 1971 



WASHINGTON, D. C. • AUGUST 1971 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



IRST TRAINING SESSION GREAT SUCCESS 

49 




nthusiasm ran high at the System's first national training seminar July 11-16 in Denver, Colorado, 
'ere is a typical workshop class at the week of fiscal instruction. Visiting are Deputy National Direc- 
)/■ Byron V. Pepitone (in front, second from left) and Assistant Deputy Director, Administration, 
Ohn D. Dewhurst (in front, right). 



lis is to certify that Albert f . Sabatino has com- 
eted a one week seminar of training in the use 

the Fiscal and Procurement Manual and in 
e use of forms and the procedures it illus- 
ites." Mr. Sabatino was presented this certifi- 
ite at the graduation ceremony of the System's 
st national training session held July 1 1-16 in 
enver, Colorado. The other 152 students at 
\e session received their certificates at cere- 
lonies conducted in their own states by their 
ate directors. 

The fiscal training seminar drew the Manager 

the Administrative Services Division and the 
ccounts Maintenance Clerk of each "state" 
xept Guam and the Canal Zone, as well as, 
Dm each of the six service centers, the Service 
enter Administrator, the Accounting Section 
ipervisor, the Accounting Technician, and 
iree Accounts Maintenance Clerks. 

The conference was occasioned by the up- 
iting of the Selective Service Fiscal and Pro- 
lrement Manual. The purpose of the Denver 
ssion was to ensure uniformity in fiscal and 
xtcurement procedures throughout the System. 
he relevant personnel were trained in the use 
[ the Fiscal and Procurement Manual to make 
ire they all interpreted it in the same way. 

In preparation for the seminar, the Training 
department at National Headquarters worked 
ith the Comptroller's Office to develop flow 
larts, task charts, and illustrations for the man- 
il all of which had a uniform format. Each of 
le 12 conference instructors— one from a state, 
vo from service centers, and nine from Na- 
onal Headquarters— were given a short but 
imprehensive indoctrination by the Training 
•epartment in how to teach adults. The in- 
iuctors developed detailed lesson plans. Con- 
rence students were organized into seven 
nail instruction groups of 20 to 23 persons 
ich. 

The training week was full of 50-minute dem- 
nstration and workshop sessions in which in- 
luctors had students actually fill out forms, 
•ne class even filled out a practice travel 



voucher for attending the seminar. Another 
class dealt with modem teaching methods to 
help participants in their future training of other 
personnel. 

The students also had the benefit of meeting 
with several members of the Selective Service 
management team. Attending the conference 
were Deputy National Director Byron V. Pepi- 
tone; Assistant Deputy Director, Administra- 
tion, John D. Dewhurst; Manpower Administra- 
tor Raymond F. Wisniewski; and Comptroller 
Donald E. Russell. 

Great enthusiasm was demonstrated by all 
throughout the training week. While the sched- 
ule was rigrous, there were only six student 
hours of absenteeism— because of illness— out 
of a 4,436-hour student body schedule. 

"We wish to exploit the full learning poten- 
tial of trainers and trainees," said Training Man- 
ager George Polansky of the System's new 
nationwide training program. (See Selective 
Service NEWS, June 1971.) To do this, only 
those people authorized by the Training Depart- 
ment, who are actually performing the tasks for 
which instruction is being offered, will be able 
to attend training sessions. 

Polansky said this year will bring many other 
training seminars. On September 12-17 there 
will be a week's training session in Kentucky 
for all state training specialists. The specialists 
will be thoroughly briefed in how to accomplish 
their training tasks. To be underway by mid-Sep- 
tember is instruction for local boards, super- 
visors, and others in the use of optical character 
recognition (OCR) typewriters, which will be 
used when the System's data processing com- 
puter arrives in 1972. The state training special- 
ists will be responsible for this OCR instruction. 

Also planned for this year is instruction for 
supervisors and training courses for local boards 
in registration, classification, examination, de- 
livery for induction, conscientious objection, 
appeals, the lottery, and the Selective Service 
data processing systems. 



As soon as the new Military 
Service Act is signed by the 
President, a Special Issue of 
Selective Service NEWS will 
be published to explain in de- 
tail all changes in the draft 
law. 

Appropriations Bill 
Clears Hoose and Senate 

The fiscal 1 972 appropriations bill for the System 
passed the House of Representatives on June 30 
and the Senate on July 20. Both legislative bodies 
passed the identical appropriation figure, $82,- 
235,000, which was the amount requested by 
Selective Service. 

The System at first requested $78,400,000 for 
this fiscal year beginning July 1, 1971 (See Se- 
lective Service NEWS, June 1971). However, 
because of a six percent Government-wide pay 
raise effective January 10, 1971, this fiscal pro- 
posal had to be increased. 

By press time, the Selective Service appropri- 
ation had not been signed into law by President 
Nixon. The System appropriation is part of an 
appropriation bill for several Government agen- 
cies, and the House and Senate had not yet 
agreed on the figures for some of these. A House- 
Senate conference committee was meeting to 
reach agreement on their differences. 

Since the System's fiscal budget was not 
made law at the beginning of the current fiscal 
year, Congress allotted Selective Service funds 
in the interim by a monthly joint resolution at 
the fiscal 1971 rate, with an adjustment for the 
pay increase. 

71 LOTTERY DRAWING 

The third annual lottery drawing was held Au- 
gust 5 at the Department of Commerce audi- 
torium in Washington, D. C. The lottery 
assigned permanent random sequence numbers 
(RSNs) to all men bom in 1952, or all men reach- 
ing their 19th birthday during 1971. 

As of press time, the U. S. House of Repre- 
sentatives and Senate conference committee 
had not yet ironed out the differences in the 
draft extension and reform bills of the two 
Houses, and there was no new draft induction 
authority. However, Selective Service Head- 
quarters officials pointed out that the responsi- 
bility to conduct the lottery continues under the 
Military Selective Service Act of 1967. "The 
young men who face possible induction next 
year deserve to know their relative chances of 
induction so that they are better able to plan 
ahead," stated Director Tarr. 

Continued on page 4 



From The Director 

Tribute to Our Reservists 
and National Guardsmen 



As we work toward the establishment of 
an All-Volunteer Armed Force and zero 
draft calls, one very important segment 
hi our System which does not always 
receive the tribute or recognition it 
deserves will come into the foreground. 
As the number of inductions continues 
to decrease, with the almost certain 
decrease in our compensated civilian 
personnel, we shall, in times of 
emergency, rely more heavily on the 
Reserve units and National Guard 
sections presently earmarked for 
mobilization with Selective Service. 

Some of you may not be familiar with 
our Reserve officer and National Guard 
components. These officers now total 
1 ,298 — two of whom are women. During 
the last year, these dedicated officers 
served a total of some 100,000 man- 
hours of active duty at either National or 
state headquarters, local boards, or 
regional service centers. Their active 
service was in the form of two weeks of 
active duty training as well as special 
active duty in various emergency 
situations, when they were called to duty 
at a moment's notice. As you may know, 
some Reservists and Guardsmen have 
completely reconstructed local board 
records after vandalism and other forms 
of disruption have occurred. Some officers 
voluntarily gave additional service — 
without pay — during their off-work hours. 

Three hundred of the Reservists and 
Guardsmen served their two weeks a 
year at National Headquarters. The rest 
— three-fourths of the officers — served in 
their respective states or areas. Since 
April 1 970 when priority was given to 
requests for Reserve or Guard assistance 
from state directors, these two-week 
assignments have been in the form of 
on-the-job training in the daily operation 
of the System. By recent directive, the 
training of Reservists and Guardsmen is 
now under the supervision of the state 
directors, not, as in the past, under the 
farmer regional field officers. 

The types ol a< live duty training vary 
widely according to the needs of the 
System and the talents of the Reservists 
and Guardsmen. For example, at state 
headquarters officei often i view cases, 
brief files, audit local hoards, or, simply 




Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 



handle the overload of office work. 
Officers have worked hard to improve 
the System such as by developing public 
information materials and programs. 

Recently and as a result of modern 
data processing devices, efficient 
matching of the men and women with 
the active duty assignments which best 
utilize their backgrounds is now being 
accomplished at National Headquarters 
by the new Reserve Officers Information 
Bank. In operation only since March, the 
information bank lists all officers by 
civilian occupation groups. Illustrative of 
the efficiency of the bank is the fact that 
it took only an hour after he made the 
request for the General Counsel to find 
out that there are currently 148 Reserve 
and National Guard attorneys included 
in the inventory of earmarked Reserves. 

I feel we owe great tribute to our 
Reserve and National Guard personnel 
for their fine and invaluable contribution 
to the System. In addition to their yearly 
two weeks of active duty, they attend 
48-hour training assemblies each year. 
Except during their probationary period 
when they study at an accelerated rate, 
they also take a minimum of one 
correspondence course per year until 
they have finished 12 courses dealing 
with Selective Service procedures and 
national security. By this means, they 
keep themselves informed of any changes 
in Selective Service rules and regulations 
and are at all times an informed and 
trained augmentation force. 

One might well ask what motivates 
these men and women to give so much 
of their time and energy. The primary 
answer lies in their extremely admirable 
sense of patriotism and desire to serve 
their country even after — as is true in 
most cases — they have already served on 
active duty in one of the armed services. 
They are an inspiring example to us all. 



RIB UNDER DEVELOPMENT 
PLANS GET REVIEWED 



The Selective Service Registrant Information) 
Bank (RIB| is currently in the development stage 
and should be ready for operation during the lat- 
ter part of 1972. The RIB promises to assure 
greater equity to registrants by providing local 
boards, local board supervisors, inspectors, audi- 
tors, and state directors with a greater aware- 
ness of local board activities. The Data Proces- 
sing Center will collect and provide data 
concerning manpower resources based upon 
iriformation prepared by local boards during the 
normal registration, classification, induction and 
other processes. Minimal essential information 
will be retained in an automated file,- the official 
file on each registrant will remain at his local 
board. Reports based upon the collected data on 
registrant processing will be distributed directly 
to local boards and state headquarters. 

Selective Service management officials 
stressed, "No classification of registrants is 
planned or foreseen for the data processing 
system. There is no intent, now or ever, to re- 
place the local boards' Congress-given authority 
to classify registrants-' or call registrants for 
induction." 

Selective Service employees from four states 
came to National Headquarters recently to help 
plan for the RIB. Their assistance was requested 
by Dr. Tarr to provide sensitivity to the feelings 
and requirements of personnel in the field. Work- 
ing overtime nights and weekends for more than 
three weeks, the four men and women, along 
with four National Headquarters officials, 
formed a committee which reviewed RIB plans. 

Appointed to their temporary committee 
posts by Assistant Deputy Director for Opera- 
tions, Daniel J. Cronin, the four visitors to Wash- 
ington represented different areas of the country 
and a wide range of Selective Service experience. 
Committee member Hugh Caldwell, Jr., was 
Deputy State Director of Alabama until his tem- 
porary committee appointment. Major John 
Akin, USAF, was Assistant Chief, Manpower, 
at Connecticut State Headquarters. Of the twc 
women on the committee, Mrs. Anita Lafferty 
is a local board auditor for Ohio, and Mrs. Fran- 
ces Grimes is a field representative for Texas 
State Headquarters. 

At their June 23-25 meeting with Dr. Tarr in 
Washington, the 1971 National Policy Commit- 
tee reviewed, offered suggestions to, and en- 
dorsed the RIB plans also. 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August?, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information r j- 
tween National Headquarters and other components of 
the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public. However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the 
Military Selective Service Act of 1967, or any other acts 
of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information, National Headquarters, Selective 
Service System, 1724 F Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. 
20435. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 
U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 
20402-price 10 cents (single copy). Subscription 
Price: $1 .00 per year; 25 cents for foreign mailing. 



VTOMATED SYSTEMS PAVE WAY FOR DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM 



e big daddy of the three new automated sys 
ns in Selective Service is a six-foot by three- 
it by four-foot gray machine used by National 
adquarters. The IBM 407 Accounting Ma- 
ne runs the new Preliminary Personnel Data 
item and the Reserve Officers Information 
lk. The Automated Accounting System is 
ng processed by contractors on similar ma- 
nes in the vicinity of each service center, 
ese systems are prototypes to be used in Se- 
tive Service's future data processing computer, 
lich will be in operation in 1972. By the time 
: computer is in business, the Registrant In- 
mation bank (RIB) (see Selective Service 
EWS, December 1970), now under develop- 
snt, should be computer-ready. 
The purpose of all the data processing systems 
to help local board employees in carrying out 
eir tasks. The systems will not classify regis- 
ints. All classification of registrants is, by 
mgressional authority, the responsibility of 
al boards. 

The entire data processing project is being de- 
loped as a separately funded item within the 
ilective Service budget. A preliminary step in 
e program was the official designation of the 
ata Processing Center at National Headquar- 
rs this April. The Center is designed as a serv- 
s element of the Selective Service System 

Reserve Officers 
Information Bank 

he Reserve Officers Information Bank (ROIB) 
'as the first automated system Selective Serv- 
e put into operation. Begun in March of this 
iar, this system includes a punch card for each 
: the 1,298 Reserve and National Guard officers 
irmarked for Selective Service. Each card indi- 
rtes the officer's date of birth, rank, unit and 
nit location, occupation, and training courses 
)mpleted ROIB files have just gone through 
leir first updating by means of new or changed 
iformation sent to the Data Processing Center 
Y Reserve and Guard Unit officers. 

The Data Processing Center staff is in the 
rocess of adding a second punch card for the 
Idress and telephone number of each Reserve 
id Guard officer, as well as the address of the 
lace where he drills and the hours he is there. 

ROIB has already proven its worth. For ex- 
nple, within an hour after he made the request, 
le General Counsel received the figure of the 
umber of Reservist and National Guard attor- 
eys— 148. Before the automated system, this 
quest would have necessitated a laborious 
lanual search through all the 1,298 files of the 
Eficers. 



OFFICIAL NOTICES 

June 14, 1971— Local Board Memorandum 
No. 73. Subject: "Processing of Overseas 
Registrants," Amended: June 14, 1971. 

June 25, 1971 —Local Board Memorandum 
No. 121, Subject: "Procedure for Proces- 
sing Inquiries Requesting Medical Re- 
evaluation— Reexamination of Regis- 
trants," Issued: June 25, 1971. 



CANS AND CANTS OF THE 
SYSTEMS FUTURE DATA 
PROCESSING COMPUTER 



The computer will be able to rapidly and 
accurately: 

□ add, subtract, multiply and divide at the 
rate of hundreds and thousands of opera- 
tions a second. 

□ compare values and report whether one 
is equal to, less than, or more than the 
other. 

D perform the same old job hour after hour, 
day after day, without getting bored or 
tired. 

maintain large files and produce a large 
number of reports for operating 
personnel. 

The computer is dependent upon man be- 
cause it is not capable of independent action : 
D Just as the automobile in a garage cannot 

start itself and drive oft on its own, the 

computer must be started and stopped by 

human beings. 
D Man must give specific orders for the 

computer to follow. 

□ It will not create its own instructions. In 
fact, if the orders given to it are wrong, 
the computer will obediently follow them 
step by step and produce inaccurate 
reports. 

□ The computer will not make operational 
decisions. It is simply one source of in- 
formation among the many available to 
operating personnel. All available infor- 
mation, skill, and intuition must continue 
to be used by man to arrive at proper de- 
cisions. The computer will aid man in the 
process, not replace him. 



Automated Accounting 
System 

The new Automated Accounting System was 
expanded to include all six service centers as of 
July 1, 1971. The new system permits quick 
compilation of fiscal figures to determine more 
specifically than in the past where the System's 
money is being spent The system provides a 
substantial increase in the number of budget ex- 
pense categories. Instead of having just the gross 
figure for compensated employee travel, for ex- 
ample, budgets now include separate sub-figures 
for travel expenses for executive secretaries, su- 
pervisors, inspectors, etc. The system is being 
used in the preparation of five monthly fiscal 
reports for Selective Service management. 

In another development in fiscal procedure 
reform, all "states" except Puerto Rico are now 
sending payroll and invoice data to their respec- 
tive service centers, instead of their state head- 
quarters as in the past, for processing before 
being sent to the Treasury Department Dis- 
bursement Officer. 



which will process data provided by local boards 
and state headquarters to produce meaningful 
reports. The information in the reports will be 
used by local boards, state headquarters, audi- 
tors and inspectors to perform more efficiendy 
their individual functions. 

The three new automated systems have in- 
volved rninimum changes in procedures and 
forms throughout the System. They now pro- 
vide information quickly, and have already sim- 
plified administrative record-keeping procedures. 

Even greater improvement lies ahead, Data 
Processing Center officials said The 407 com- 
pares with the Selective Service System's future 
data processing computer "like a Model T com- 
pares with a Jaguar." The computer will be of 
the third generation type. 

A special capability of the future computer 
will be Optical Character Recognition (OCR). 
This means that the computer will be able to 
"read" typed forms prepared by local board per- 
sonnel on special typewriters. Samples of these 
typewriters are being tested in local boards of six 
states at present. Soon all local boards will re- 
ceive the new typewriters. Special plans are 
being developed to provide training at the local 
board level to acquaint all personnel with the 
new typewriters. 



Preliminary Personnel 
Data System 

May 31, 1971, saw the initial collection of data 
for the Preliminary Personnel Data System 
(PPDS), which is providing current skeletal sta- 
tistics about the System's 50,000 compensated 
and uncompensated staffers. Personnel folders 
of all employees in the field remain at their re- 
spective service centers. The data used for the 
PPDS is concerned only with an employee's 
name; social security number; sex ; date of birth; 
limited information concerning his or her grade, 
position, and salary; and, where applicable, an 
indication of minority group representation. 
(This latter data is not included in an employee's 
personnel folder and is only available to the Se- 
lective Service Equal Employment Opportunity 
Director.) Eventually the PPDS will also include 
data concerning each employee's training, edu- 
cation, military record, if any, and leave time, 
as well as more details regarding pay. Data Proc- 
essing officials stressed that all data about an 
individual is handled as confidential information 
and is only released to authorized persons. 

The automated information system will lead 
to the compilation of many useful figures. By 
use of the PPDS, Selective Service has already 
given the Civil Service Commission (CSC) a 
required report on minority representation. An- 
other report on wages and salary distribution is 
to be sent CSC by late August 

Before the PPDS, every state submitted to 
National certain personnel figures every year, 
and also on special occasions, such as when a 
member of Congress wanted figures concerning 
his constituency. Now that the initial informa- 
tion for PPDS has already been gathered, the 
System's information only has to be routinely 
updated as changes are presented. 




Policy Committee Meets. Seven state directors 
came to Washington June 23-25 for a Selective 
Service National Policy Committee meeting. 
From left to right are Paul V. Akst, New York City; 
Col. Herbert T. Hope, Oklahoma; Carlos C. Og- 
den, California; Col. Taylor L. Davidson, Ken- 
tucky; Col. Richard V. Peay, Utah; Mike Y. 
Hendrix, Georgia; Selective Service Deputy Di- 
rector Byron V. Pepitone; and Selective Service 
National Director Curtis W. Tarr. The expressive 
hands at the far left are those of Arthur A. 
Holmes, Michigan. 

The committee considered subjects ranging 
from procedures concerning conscientious ob- 
jectors to the national training program, the 
recruitment of uncompensated personnel, the 
service centers, data processing, the regional 
attorney system, and the zero draft. The group 



then made a series of recommendations to Dr. 
Tarr. 

By October each state director on the commit- 
tee will have had a meeting with all the state 
directors in his respective area to discuss topics 
considered at the national meeting. These re- 
gional gatherings will insure input by all the 
states. The first such meeting took place on July 
28-29 in Hartford, Connecticut for the north- 
eastern states, with the second meeting sched- 
uled for the northern midwest states in Indian- 
apolis on August 11-12. The other area meetings 
will be as follows: west coast states— the first 
week of September; southeastern states — Sep- 
tember 28-29; central southwestern states- 
October 3; and central northwestern states- 
October 25. 



Curriculum Guide Survey 

To help Ohio State Director Thomas S. Farrell 
determine the success of the Selective Service 
information program, with respect to high 
schools in Ohio, the Ohio Youth Advisory Com- 
mittee conducted a six-question survey. They 
sent 1,147 questionnaires to school officials in 
their state. 

With 52 percent of the schools responding, 
the Youth Advisors' results show that the vast 
majority of schools (571 out of 620 respondents) 
received the Curriculum Guide to the Draft as 
of June 22. Officials of 510 schools said their 
counselors had made it known to students that 
the Guide exists, and about half of the schools 
responding (299) said the draft material had al- 
ready been used in classes. 

In related information activity in Ohio, the 
state headquarters is developing an hour-long 
preliminary overview of the Ohio Selective 
Service System as a proposed introductory ses- 
sion to the Curriculum Guide. Ohio has already 
developed a 30-page Selective Service manual 
for school counselors, which has been sent to 
2,400 high schools and colleges throughout the 
state. 



New Alternate 
Work Possibilities 

Both the Civil Service (Commission (CSC) and 
the U. S. Department of Labor have agreed to 
identify generally hard-to-fill jobs for which con- 
scientious objectors might qualify. The local 
offices of the CSC deal with federal jobs and the 
offices of the Labor Department concern them- 
selves mostly with non-Government work. 

Another CO work experience has developed 
in Montana. Three men— two professors and a 
graduate student— on the University of Mon- 
tana campus submitted a two-year grant pro- 
posal to the National Science Foundation (NSF) 
which would involve the hiring of six COs in an 
environment study. The NSF has very favorably 
endorsed the proposers' idea. 

Under the grant, two CO attorneys, two CO 
microbiologists, one CO wildlife specialist, and 
one CO air pollution expert would gather and 
correlate environment statistics and compare 
all environment control laws and bills in the 
northern Rocky Mountain states and the border 
provinces of Canada. The researchers would 
then make recommendations concerning the 
environment to the states under study. 



Lottery Drawing 
Continued from page 1 

This year's drawing was conducted in a man 
ner similar to last year's, with RSNs assigned tj 
all the 366 birthdates drawn. Two plexig 
drums were used, one containing capsules of al 
the birthdates of the year and the other, capsule! 
of numbers 1-366 representing RSNs. A birth 
date and a number capsule were drawn simul 
taneously from each drum to match a birthdatj 
with an RSN. The actual drawings were cori 
ducted by five members of Selective Servia 
Youth Advisory Committees from various parti 
of the country plus a young female college stu, 
dent from Washington, D. C. 

The randomness of the drawing was ensurec 
by extensive precautionary measures. Twenty 
five separate lists of computer-scrambled dates 
of the year and an equal number of lists of com 1 
puter-scrambled numbers 1-366 were prepared 
by the National Bureau of Standards. Frorr, 
these, one set of birthdates and one set of num 
bers were randomly picked to be used in the 
drawing. Another randomly selected list ol 
numbers was used to determine the order ol 
placement of capsules into the drums. The twc 
drums were rotated continuously for half an 
hour before the drawing. Overseeing all drawing 
proceedings were three neutral observers. 

"We believe this lottery drawing is truly im- 
partial and a fair means of determining the or- 
der for induction in 1972," Dr. Tarr said. 



Young Lawyers Solicited 



National Director Tarr has accepted the offer oi 
the Young Lawyers Section of the American 
Bar Association to solicit young attorneys tc 
serve local boards as Advisors to Registrants, 
Members of the Law Student Division of the 
ABA will assist the lawyer Advisors. 

Names of young lawyers and law students in- 
terested in serving in the program are being for- 
warded by ABA to the appropriate state directors, 
who will advise the volunteers as to how their 
services may be utilized by the System. 

This expanded effort to increase the number 
of Advisors to Registrants is aimed at encour- 
aging more service of volunteers under age 30. 

Classification Picture 



CLASS NUMBER 

Total Current Registrants 22,934,000 

l-Aand l-A-0 3,082,000 

Single or Married after August 26, 1965 1,751,000 

Examined and qualified 421,000 

Not examined 1,133,000 

Induction or examination postponed 8,000 

Ordered for induction or examination 54,000 

Pending reclassification 70,000 

Personal appearances and appeals in process ... 42,000 

Others 22,000 

Married on or before August 26, 1965 5,000 

19 years of age, born 1951, 1637.7(a)-(4) 605,000 

26 years and older with extended liability 261,000 

Under 19 years of age 460,000 

l-Y Qualified only in an emergency 3,947,000 

Figures as of June 30, 1971. The next Classification Picture figures 
will be as of December 31, 1971. 



I-C Currently in the uniformed services 2,300,000 

l-O Conscientious Objector 34,000 

l-W(At Work) 12,000 

l-W (Released) 15,000 

l-D Members of a reserve component 914,000 

l-S Statutory (College) 18,000 

l-S Statutory (High School) 450,000 

ll-A Occupational deferment (except agriculture) 253,000 

ll-A Apprentice 37,000 

ll-C Agricultural deferment 18,000 

ll-S Student deferment 1,308,000 

lll-A Dependency deferment 3,961,000 

I V-A Completed Service, Sole Surviving Son 4,191 ,000 

IV-B Officials 

IV-C Aliens 20,000 

IV-D Ministers, divinity students 108,000 

IV-F Not qualified 2,266,000 

'Fewer than 1,000 




WASHINGTON 



SEPTEMBER 1971 



Selectiue Seruice NEWS 



°OCUM| 



'TS, 



SE APPROVES CONFERENCE REFOlfeENATE CONTINUES DEBATE 

Mansfield tember 8. 



"he Conference Committee of the 
ienate and House of Representatives 
eleased its Report on the 1971 amend- 
nents to the Military Selective Service 
^ct on July 30. On August 4, the House 
pproved this Report (297 to 108), 
yhich was the result of the ironing out 
i differences between the draft bills 
reated earlier in the House and the 
ienate. When Congress began its sum- 
tier recess on August 6, there was still 
isagreement in the Senate over one 
tem in the Conference Report, the 
Mansfield Amendment. This contro- 
ersial amendment, submitted by Sen- 



ate Majority LeaftetriL™ 
(D-Montana) decf^KiuSfSS^d States 
policy to withdraw all armed forces 
from Indochina within nine months of 
the enactment of the new draft legisla- 
tion, subject to the release of United 
States prisoners. The Conference ver- 
sion dropped the nine month deadline 
and made the amendment a sense-of- 
Congress declaration, leaving the with- 
drawal schedule up to the President. 
The Senate was scheduled to take up 
discussion of the Conference Report 
again on September 13, after returning 
from the Congressional recess Sep- 



Selective Service NEWS is not print- 
ing all details of the Conference Report 
in this issue because, as of press time, 
the bill had not been approved by the 
Senate or signed into law by President 
Nixon. (Should the Senate choose not 
to accept the Report, the Conference 
Committee could reconvene to develop 
another compromise draft bill.) How- 
ever, since local boards are getting 
inquiries concerning some provisions 
of the Report, we are printing portions 
of it. 



HIGHLIGHTS OF THE CONFERENCE COMMITTEE REPORT OF THE 
1971 AMENDMENTS TO THE MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT 



Student Deferments Registrants who 
net the requirements for student de- 
erments during the 1970-71 regular 
cademic school year will be deferred 
mtil they graduate, or reach age 24, or 
:ease to pursue their course of study 
atisfactorily, whichever comes first. 
The President will have the authority 
eliminate student deferments for 
hose who enter college in the summer 
)f 1971 or later. Non-deferred college 
itudents are eligible to have their in- 
luctions postponed until the end of 
he semester or term, or academic year 
n the case of their last academic year, 
)r until they cease satisfactorily to 
mrsue such course of instruction, 
vhichever is earlier. 
ligh School Students High school 
tudents who are issued an order for 
nduction are eligible to have their in- 
luction postponed until they graduate, 
>r until they reach 20 years of age, or 
intil they cease satisfactorily to pur- 
sue their high school course of instruc- 
ion, whichever is the earliest. Those 
itudents who turn 20 after the begin- 
ling of their last academic year are 
eligible to have their induction orders 
jostponed until the end of that aca- 
lemic year as long as they continue to 
mrsue satisfactorily a full-time course 
)f instruction. 

Divinity Students Divinity students 
«vill no longer be exempt from military 
service but instead will be eligible for 
Jtatutory deferments. If deferred, they 
will be liable for military service until 
ige 35, if, for one reason or another, 



they do not pursue a career in the min- 
istry until they reach that age. 
Conscientious Objectors The Na- 
tional Director of Selective Service will 
be responsible for supervising on a 
national basis the finding of civilian 
jobs for COs and for their placement 
in appropriate civilian work contri- 
buting to the maintenance of the na- 
tional health, safety or interest. 
Surviving Son The sole surviving son 
exemption is changed to include those 
registrants whose father, brother, or 
sister was killed in action or died in 
line of duty while serving in the armed 
forces after December 31, 1959, or 
died subsequent to that date as a result 
of injuries received or disease incurrec' 
in the line of duty during such service. 
Also exempt are those registrants 
whose father, brother, or sister is in a 
captured or missing in action status. 
The term brother or sister means a 
brother of the whole blood or a sister 
of the whole blood. 

Prepublication of Selective Service 
Regulations New regulations issued 
under the Act will not become effective 
until the expiration of 30 days follow- 
ing the date on which such regulations 
are published in the Federal Register, 
unless the President determines that 
compliance with such a requirement 
materially impairs the national de- 
fense and gives notice to this effect at 
the time the regulations are issued. 

Procedural Changes Pursuant to such 
rules and regulations as the President 
may prescribe: 



• Each registrant shall be afforded 
the opportunity to appear in person 
before the local or any appeal board 
of the Selective Service System to 
testify and present evidence re- 
garding his status. 

• Subject to reasonable limitations 
on the number of witnesses and 
the total time allotted to each 
registrant, each registrant shall 
have the right to present witnesses 
on his behalf before the local board. 

• A quorum of any local board or 
appeal board shall be present dur- 
ing the registrant's personal 
appearance. 

• In the event of a decision adverse 
to the claim of a registrant, the 
local or appeal board making such 
decision shall, upon request, fur- 
nish to such registrant a brief writ- 
ten statement of the reasons for its 
decision. 

Maximum Period of Service and Age 
for Local Board and Appeal Board 
Members The local board may include 
among its members any citizen other- 
wise qualified under Presidential regu- 
lations provided he is 18 years of age or 
older. After December 31, 1971, no 
person shall serve on any local or appeal 
board who has attained the age of 65 or 
who has served on a local or appeal 
board for a period of more than 20 years. 

Aliens An alien cannot be inducted 
unless he has resided in the U. S. for a 
period of one year. The provisions 
exempting some aliens from the re- 
quirement to register are broadened. 



From the Director 



Our Changing 

Board Membership 



As of this writing, we do not yet have a 
new draft extension and reform law. 
However, the House of Representatives 
has passed the joint Conference 
Committee Report on the 1971 
amendments to the Military Selective 
Service Act, and the Senate will discuss 
the bill on September 13. Before the 
loint Committee convened, both Houses 
of Congress voted that the maximum age 
for local board and appeal board 
membership be lowered from 75 to 65. 
In Conference it also was agreed that the 
maximum length of service be lowered 
from 25 to 20 years and that the 
minimum age for local board membership 
be reduced from the current age of 30 to 
age 18. Although those factors were not 
part of the President's bill, members of 
Congress in both Houses supported them. 
I expect that these changes will be in the 
draft extension and reform bill when it is 
approved by the Senate and signed into 
law by the President. 

Because of these requirements,.many 
of our dedicated and extremely valuable 
local board and abpeal board members 
must resign by the end of this year. While 
no figures have yet been developed 
concerning how many appeal board 
members will be affected, our Division 
of Manpower Administration at National 
Headquarters has estimated that 
approximately 25 percent of our 
hard-working local board members, or 
about 4,800 men and women, will leave 
the System. 

Our entire organization certainly will 
feel the loss of these board members. 
Their devotion, perspective gained by 
years of experience and mature judgment 
concerning individual draft cases have 
materially aided the Selective Service 
System in carrying out our Congressional 
mandate to deliver the necessary 
manpower to the armed services in an 
efficient and equitable manner. Words 
alone cannot thank these citizens for 
their many contributions to the Nation. 

lave been the backbone of our 
System for many years. The American 
people owe them a great debt of 
gratitude for their unswerving and selfless 
i let In ation, and the Selective Service 
System will find it difficult to recruit 
interested and motivated replacements. 

It is important that we understand the 
intent of Congress in changing the 




Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 



prerequisites for board membership. By 
lowering the age limits, the legislative 
bodies hope to ensure that our boards 
contain more members closer in age to 
the registrants they serve, in order to 
provide deeper understanding of the 
young people of today. We all recognize 
communication relates more to will than 
to age. But it is the perception of youth 
rather than the fact of board member 
attitudes that Congress seeks to alter. 
Also, by lowering the maximum period 
of service for members, Congress is 
attempting to give more Americans an 
opportunity for volunteer service, people 
who will bring fresh viewpoints to 
our boards. 

As we reluctantly say goodby to many 
of our friends, I hope we all will accept 
their departure as an opportunity to 
locate and encourage other qualified 
men and women who reflect the 
economic, social, and ethnic 
backgrounds of the youth of the area to 
consider service on our boards. We must 
work very hard in these next few months 
to find qualified local and appeal board 
members. I solicit your support. 



As soon as the new Military 
Selective Service Act is 
signed by the President, a 
Special Issue of Selective 
Service NEWS will be pub- 
lished to explain in decail all 
changes in the draft law. 









Ji 



New Pennsylvania Director Is 
Youngest-Today 

At age 31 Pennsylvania's new heaq 
man is the youngest person presently 
serving as state director. Robert D 
Ford of Duncannon, Pennsylvania, was 
appointed to his new post June 22. 

Ford said of his appointment, "... 
think it . . . significant to note that in 
nominating me as State Selective Serv 
ice Director, the Governor has, in f actJ 
displayed the highest degree of confi 
dence in my entire generation. I wani 
to emphasize to the young citizens oj 
Pennsylvania that we are, indeed, being 
given the opportunity to participate in 
those decision-making processes of 
government which we have so ofterj 
sought." 

While the appointment of such a 
young state director is unusual, there , 
have been precedences for it since the 
present Selective Service Act, as 
amended, was enacted in 1948. Mr; 
Douglas W. Troll, former Delaware! 
State Director, 1950-53, was age 27 
when he was first appointed. Louis- 
iana's former Director Raymond F. 
Hufft, who served two terms, 1948-1952 
and 1956-1960, was 33 when he began 
in that position. Former Alabama Di- 
rector Colonel Walter M. Thompson,! 
Jr., 1959-1963, was the same age as 
Mr. Ford when he began his state 
directorship. 

Mr. Ford's appointment is indicative 
of a current trend, however. The aver- 
age age of state directors has been 
reducing. For example, while the aver- 
age age of the state directors appointed f 
since Dr. Tarr began as National Di- l ] 
rector in April 1970 is 47, the average 
age of their predecessors is 64. 



OFFICIAL NOTICES 

August 6, 1971 -Addendum No. 1 to 
Local Board Memorandum No. 99, 
Subject: "Procedures to Implement 
Executive Order No. 1 1497." 



Use of funds for printing of this publicatfon approved by 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget. August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information 
between National Headquarters and other components 
of the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public. However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the Mili- 
tary Selective Act of 1967, or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information. National Headquarters. Selective 
Service System 1724 F Street, N.W.. Washington. D. C. 
20435. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. D. C. 
20402-price 10 cents (single copy) Subscription Price: 
$1.00 per year; 25 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



HE ATTENDED EVERY DOARD MEETING FOR 30 YEARS 



dney A. Needle knows Selective 
;rvice rules and regulations back- 
ards and upside down. He has at- 
:nded every meeting of Local Board 12 
l his native city of Baltimore for 30 
;ars as the board's Government Ap- 
sal Agent. "I felt I was doing a fairly 
)od job, and I felt good about doing 
)mething for my country," is how 
Ir. Needle recently explained his con- 
nuous service as Appeal Agent from 
MO to 1970. He said he would spend 
; much as three to four hours a day on 
elective Service matters. "He'd go 
lto the night worrying about things," 
)mmented his wife. 
The general practitioner lawyer, who 
>oked much younger than his 72 years, 
ud that whenever there was an appeal, 
e would send his own brief of the case, 
long with the opinion of the board, to 
te Maryland Appeal Board. He said he 
und no conflict with his role as Agent 
ir both the board and registrants. "I 
as frank with them both." 
Concerning the men who requested 
jpeals, Mr. Needle felt the majority 
: young men exercising their appeal 
ghts did so sincerely, although many 
d not know appeal procedures suffi- 
ently. He thought young men should 
ceive more information about their 
ghts and responsibilities. "Selective 
ervice procedures are not difficult to 



understand," he said. "They just have 
to be explained." When cases warranted 
it, he used to take appeals to the state 
appeal board without the registrants 
requesting them, he said. 

Mr. Needle considers the job of a 
Government Appeal Agent one of the 
most important in the System. "The 
most important thing is to advise the 
registrants properly," he said. Illus- 
trative of his conviction is his action 
after he was appointed to the state 
appeal board. He attended only one 
meeting before resigning. "I didn't 
have any contact with the registrants," 
he said. 

A year ago Mr. Needle decided to 
slow down a bit, and he resigned from 




After 30 years of service as Government Appeal Agent 
for Local Board 12 in Baltimore, Sidney A. Needle 
reviews one of his many Presidential certificates of 
appreciation — this one from President Lyndon B. 
Johnson. 



his volunteer post. Immediately he was 
appointed Local Board 12's Advisor to 
Registrants. He said he receives four to 
five calls a week, mostly from regis- 
trants about to be drafted. Most ques- 
tions concern conscientious objection. 

Proof of his long years of volunteer 
service is on the walls of his law office, 
which are bedecked with certificates 
of appreciation from the Presidents 
Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, 
Kennedy, and Johnson. Mr. Needle said 
he used to receive such a certificate 
about every four years. 

Along with his great flurry of service 
in the System, Mr. Needle also has 
been extremely active working with 
youth in other areas. He served as Judge 
of the Baltimore Juvenile Court, 1942- 
1952, and in the early 1960's he wrote 
Maryland's adoption laws. 

He has also participated in many 
Jewish and inter-faith organizations, 
was President of two Parent-Teachers 
Associations and the Northwest Balti- 
more Democratic Club, and is a mem- 
ber of the American Legion, among 
many other things. The father of two 
children, he also finds time to be an 
avid Oriole fan, an ardent fisherman, 
and "a wonderful family man," accord- 
ing to his wife. Concerning the last 
attribute, Mr. Needle chuckled, "I owe 
it to Selective Service — it trained me." 



Two Law Students Prepare 
Case Brief File at National 

'wo third year law students from the 
Jniversity of Virginia have been spend- 
ig their summer preparing summaries 
f the rulings of all significant Selective 
ervice cases of the past two years. 

Robert T. Adams and John V. Buf- 
ington, both age 24, are preparing the 
irst systemized comprehensive cata- 
3gue of some 1,200 Selective Service 
ases which have come before the U. S. 
upreme Court, circuit courts, and 
istrict courts during 1970-71. The 
ase briefs are being organized into 
>ver 127 permanent categories. 

When the project is finished, com- 
■lete catalogues will be sent to all nine 
■elective Service regional attorneys, 
vho in turn will distribute catalogues 
o the United States attorney in their 
rea. Hopefully, distribution will begin 
n early October. 

Messrs. Adams and Buffington, the 
irst law students ever to be employed 
t National, were selected by General 
Counsel Walter H. Morse as part of a 
Togram to attract more young lawyers 
o work for the System. 




Youth Advisor Intern Ronald W. Maestas hands 
the last birthdate capsule to National Headquar- 
ters staffer James H. Edmundson at the third Se- 
lective Service lottery drawing held August 5, 
assigning Random Sequence Number 90 to Janu- 
ary 1 1 . The drawing established the 1 972 Random 
Selection Sequence for the approximately 1.8 
million young men turning 19 during 1971. Stated 
Director Tarr during his opening statement at the 
lottery proceedings: "Over the past year, draft calls 
have been significantly lower than in the past, 
thanks to the success of the Vietnamization pro- 
gram, improved recruiting by the military services, 
and reductions in the size of the armed forces. 
In 1972 — the year in which most of the men whose 
numbers are drawn today will be eligible for in- 
duction -we expect that the draft calls will be 
even lower." 



More Openings for COs 

A Reservist serving his yearly period 
of active duty at Pennsylvania State 
Headquarters located some 400 addi- 
tional alternate service work jobs dur- 
ing his two weeks stay. How did he do 
it? Colonel Frank M. Rock in Pennsyl- 
vania's Operations Division first laid 
the groundwork, giving Reservist Roy 
A. Myers a list of places to call; Myers 
called the Pennsylvania Association 
for Convalescent Homes, the Hospital 
Association of Pennsylvania, and the 
State Council of Education, locating pri- 
marily orderly and maintenance posi- 
tions. 

In another development, the Na- 
tional Center for Voluntary Action, a 
clearing house for over 17,000 non- 
government volunteer programs, ran 
an article in their August newsletter 
soliciting interest to consider l-0s for 
jobs. "If your organization has a job 
opening or a function to perform for 
which it is difficult to attract employ- 
ees on the job market," said the article, 
"do not give up hope." "COs comprise 
a large, skilled pool of manpower from 
which you can probably draw the men 
you need. Get in touch with the Selec- 
tive Service director in your state ..." 




T.V. lights center in on Selective Service E.E.O. 
Director Reynaldo P. Maduro (right) and New York 
City Congressman Herman Badillo as they talk 
together— in Spanish — in a recent half-hour public 
service T.V. spot to inform Spanish-speaking 
people in New York City of the opportunities avail- 
able to serve in the System. 

GUIDELINES OFFERED BY STATE 
DIRECTORS E.E.O. MEETING 

Guidelines were developed for the 
consideration of the current state di- 
rectors regional meetings (See Selective 
Service NEWS, August 1971) at a State 
Directors Equal Employment Oppor- 
tunity Committee meeting in Rich- 
mond, Virginia on July 27. 

Among the recommendations made 
by the committee, which have been 
well received by the state directors 
regional meetings held thus far, are 
the following: 

• Use Reserve officers assigned to two- 
week tours to conduct surveys of the 
total population, minority population, 
local board representation, and minor- 
ity local board representation of each 
county. These studies would give state 
directors a ready reference as to where 
their efforts might be directed. 

• Information regarding E.E.O. should 
be made an item for the Inspections 
Services to review within the states, 
in both the compensated and uncom- 
pensated categories. 

In other E.E.O. activity, a campaign 
has been well launched to encourage 
more blacks, Puerto Ricans, and other 
minorities to participate in the Selec- 
tive Service System in New York City. 
New York City Selective Service Di- 
rector Paul V. Akst has talked with 
New York City Congressmen Charles 
Rangel and Herman Badillo about the 
opportunities available for service in 
the System, and the Congressmen have 
expressed enthusiastic support for the 
drive. New York City newspapers have 
covered the System's current solicita- 
tion of interest. In addition, Equal 
Employment Opportunity Director and 
Deputy Manpower Administrator 
Reynaldo P. Maduro recently was 
filmed in a half-hour public service T.V. 
spot with Congressman Badillo as the 
two discussed— in Spanish— the System 
and, again, the opportunities available 
for participation in it. 



APPROPRIATIONS RILL 
REC0ME8 LAW 

Public Law 92-78 was signed by Presi- 
dent Nixon on August 10, appropriating 
$82,235,000, the amount requested, to 
the Selective Service System for fiscal 
1972. (See Selective Service NEWS, 
August 1971 for details.) 



LITTLE NOTES 
OF BIG INTEREST 



WA letter to all state directors amended Au- 
iP gust 9, 1971 , stated that registrants are to be 
ordered to report for preinduction examination in 
the following order: 

• Members of the 1971 Extended Priority Selec- 
tion Group 

• Those in the 1971 First Priority Selection Group 
single or married after August 26, 1965, with 
RSN 001-175, inclusive, progressing from the 
lowest to the highest RSN. 

• Those who will be in the 1972 First Priority 
Selection Group, single or married after August 
26, 1965, with RSN 001-050, inclusive, progress- 
ing from the lowest to the highest RSN. 

The letter continued that it is essential that these 
registrants be examined as soon as possible. 
H^Upon the authority of Section 1628.11 (c) of 
^ Selective Service regulations, a registrant in a 
class other than l-A, l-A-O, or l-O may be ordered 
to report for a preinduction physical examination 
when the local board determines that he may be 
inducted shortly. For example, a board should 
order for his preinduction physical an under- 
graduate student whose ll-S deferment is about 
to expire and who will be inducted in the near 
future. Prior to the issuance of an Order to Report 
for Armed Forces Physical Examination (SSS 
Form 223) to such a registrant, the local board is 
required to indicate that the registrant's induction 
will, indeed, shortly occur, by a statement in the 
Minutes of the Local Board Meeting that the 
registrant, or a category or group of registrants, 
may be reached for induction soon. 
j^ Registrants over age 26 who have been in 
1 Class l-C, l-D, or both for six years or more 
may be considered for Class IV-A or Class V-A, as 
appropriate, whether or not SSS Form 720, sent 
to the armed service concerned to verify a regis- 
trant's satisfactory participation, has been re- 
turned to the local board. Boards are encouraged 
to take advantage of this procedure so that they 
may benefit from the disposal of more records. 
k^ DD Form 47 for preinduction physical exam- 
$ inations has been eliminated at the time of 
processing for preinduction physical examina- 
tion, effective June 1. Instead, certain information 
provided the AFEES on this form will be added to 
SSS Form 223 -Order to Report for Armed 
Forces Physical Examination. These entries in- 
clude the following information: prior military 
service, date and place of birth, education, court 
convictions, and social security number. The 
profession of special registrants is to be indicated 
in red at the top right-hand corner of the form. 
DD Form 47 will still be used for medical inter- 
views with the local board medical advisor and 
for inductions. 



YAC REGIONAL CONFERENCE 
MEETS IN MISSISSIPPI 

-RESOLVES TO MAINTAIN 

COMMITTEES WITH NEW 

PDRPOSE 



Ten southern Youth Advisory Com 
mittees met August 20-22 at Keeslei 
Air Force Base in Biloxi, Mississipp 
for the first Southern Regional Youtl 
Advisory Committee Conference. 

Attending the Mississippi YAC 
hosted meeting were 35 delegates fron 
Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama! 
Arkansas, Texas, Colorado, South Car> 
olina, and Louisiana, as well a: 
Mississippi. 

The foremost topic at the gatherinj 
was the future role of the Youth Ad 
visors. The young people felt that th 
YACs had fulfilled their original pui 
pose of seeking out problems withi: 
the System and offering solutions t< 
these; that many of their recommend* 
tions had been implemented; and alsc 
that the greatest single problem facinj 
the System now is to provide informs 
tion about the draft to registrants anc 
potential registrants. Consequently 
at the plenary session held Sunday 
morning, the delegates resolved thai 
the responsibilities of the committees 
be broadened to include presenting 
programs to acquaint high school stu 
dents and other potential registrants 
with their rights, obligations, and al- 
ternatives under draft law, and en 
couraging high schools to include 
instruction about the System in then 
curricula. The Advisors suggested that 
each high school have a Selective Serv 
ice representative to provide objective 
information about the draft. 

Other resolutions included: 

• that the System produce an| 
distribute to all high schools and in 
terested groups a filmed program con 
cerning a young man's rights and^j 
responsibilities under draft law. 

• that state directors help ensure 
ethnicly balanced local boards,- that, 
if, at the time a board vacancy occurs, 
there is no member younger than age 
26, such a member be appointed to fill 
the vacancy; and that if, in the case of 
a vacancy, there already is a board 
member under age 26, persons under 26 
not be excluded from consideration 

• that Selective Service National 



! 



Headquarters implement a national 
toll-free telephone information service 
through which registrants could get 
answers to questions about the System. 
• that Congress act speedily in passing 
the 1971 draft bill. 




NOV 2 2 1971 



SAN FRANCISCO 



WASHINGTON • OCTOBER 1971 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



PRESIDENT SIGNS DRAFT BILL INTO LAW 

At 3:40 p.m. on September 28, 1971, President Nixon signed into law the 1971 
draft extension and reform bill. 

The President said after the signing that the new draft law introduces important 
reforms to the draft, "making it as fair and equitable as possible as we pro- 
gress toward the volunteer force." He said he was hopeful "that this is the last time 
the President must sign an extension of the draft induction authority." 

The President added that the $2.4 million pay increase called for in the new law 
will help remedy "the long-standing inequities in military pay for the lower grades." 
The pay increases will be come effective November 13, not October 1 as called for 
in the new draft measure. "By law, the pay increases provided in this act are sub- 
ject to the 90-day wage-price freeze," the President explained. 

The enactment of the new law came just a week after the Senate passed the Con- 
ference Report, 55-30, following a cloture vote to end Senate debate on the draft 
bill, which passed by a 61-30 vote, the exact two-thirds needed. The House of 
Representatives passed the draft bill on August 4. 

FROM THE SEPTEMBER TRAINERS CONFERENCE 

See Story on page 3 




Government Pay Increases 
Deferred 



ks PART OF HIS CAMPAIGN to fight inflation 
nd unemployment, President Nixon has 
leferred two kinds of pay increases for fed- 
ral government workers. First, he has post- 
ioned the government-wide general cost-of- 
ving increase, scheduled to take effect Janu- 
ry 1972, until July 1972. Second, on August 
5, 1971 he imposed a 90-day government- 
ride freeze on within-grade increases granted 
n the basis of an employee's length of serv- 
:e with acceptable performance. When these 
rithin-grade increases are granted, they will 
lot be retroactive to the date they were due. 
lowever, the waiting period for an employee's 
lext within-grade increase will begin as of the 
late the deferred length of service increase 
tras originally scheduled to begin. Special 
trithin-grade increases for superior perform- 
nce have been deferred for the 90<lay period, 
irhich ends November 13, 1971, also. 



NEW REGISTRATION 
CERTIFICATE 88S FORM 2 

November 1, 1971 will mark the introduction 
of the new Registration Certificate (SSS Form 
2). The new form will incorporate many 
changes which have been suggested by local 
board personnel through letters to National 
Headquarters. For example, the registrant's 
copy of the new form is designed to be placed 
in a window envelope, thus saving time re- 
quired to type the address on the envelope. 
The new form also includes a block for the 
social security account number, if available, 
which has been another suggestion of local 
board personnel. 

The new Registration Certificate (SSS 
Form 2) will be typed on an OCR electric 
typewriter which will have been distributed to 
local board personnel sometime prior to No- 
vember 1, 1971. 

Continued on page 4. 



1071 R8N CEILING 125 
-Some Board Actions Deferred 

Selective Service has set the 1971 RSN high 
at 125, 70 numbers lower than last year's 
ceiling of RSN 195. At the same time, the 
preinduction physical ceiling has been lowered 
from the former high of 140 to RSN 125. 

The draft number ceilings were issued just 
after the Department of Defense announced 
a 10,000 draft call for the remainder of this 
year. This will bring the total number of induc- 
tions for the year to 94,000, 57 percent of the 
1970 call of 163,500. Draft Director Curtis W. 
Tarr said boards will deliver for induction 
6,500 men November 1-18 and the remaining 
3,500 men November 29-December 9. 

Dr. Tarr directed boards to give at least 30 
days notice to registrants facing induction. In 
addition, the Uniform National Call is in effect. 
Thus, all acceptable men in the 1971 draft 
pool (Classes I-A, I-A-0 and I-O) with RSNs 
125 and below will receive induction orders 
or orders for civilian work. Some of these men 
will actually be drafted, as part of the extended 
priority selection group, during the first three 
months of 1972. 

Dr. Tarr also ordered local and appeal 
boards to defer all actions on classifications, 
personal appearances, and appeals until new 
Selective Service regulations are in effect. The 
new draft law requires the system to publish 
all new regulations in the Federal Register at 
least 30 days before they become effective. 



From the Director 

On the System 
Beginning a New Era 

We have witnessed the lengthiest 
Congressional debate in the history of our 
country regarding draft extension and reform 
legislation. Numerous subjects concerning the 
draft and United States military policy were 
discussed, and a host of amendments to the 
Selective Service Act were offered. The 
American people took advantage of this 
opportunity to express their views on the draft 
and the Vietnam War, as well as other political 
and military commitments of the United 
States, both through their Congressional 
representatives and in other more readily 
visible ways. 

The new draft legislation was painstakingly 
developed, first in the House of 
Representatives and then in the Senate. 
Differences in the bills of the two legislative 
bodies necessitated a joint conference so that 
a compromise version could be worked out 
and sent to the President for his signature. 

The consensus of Congress and of the 
American people is that the United States must 
maintain its military presence in the world 
and that, for the present, our national 
security requires the President to have 
induction authority. 

At this juncture, we at Selective Service 
are on the verge of experiencing a diversity of 
improved conditions that will assist in the 
operation of the System. So vast are these 
changes, in fact, that it seems to me we are 
entering a new, much more gratifying era, for 
our organization and for the entire country. 
The improvements of which I speak stem from 
many different sources: from President 
Nixon's draft reform proposals, from 
Congressional action, from internal change 
instituted by the President and the System 
itself, and from changes in United States 
military policy. 

I would like to review several of these 
improvements with you, some of which are 
not now actually in operation but, I trust, 
soon will be. This recapitulation will lend us 
perspective on where the System is and 
where we are headed. 

Congress has granted President Nixon all 
three of his major draft reform proposals 
presented to them this January. The President 
was granted a two-year extension of his 
authority to induct men, until July 1, 1973. 
This date is the target-date set by the 
Department of Defense for establishing an 
all-volunteer armed force with a standby 
draft. Since World War II, Presidents have 
usually asked for a four-year draft extension. 
President Nixon requested this short extension 
to ensure the successful transition to an 
all-volunteer force and to provide adequate 
military strength to meet our national 
security needs. 

The President has also been voted the 
power to institute a uniform national call, 
which will mean that all local boards 




Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 



throughout the country will reach the same 
random sequence number at approximately 
the same time. This new method will provide 
registrants with greater equity and also 
promises to help simplify local board 
operations. 

Third, President Nixon has been voted the 
authority to phase out student deferments. As 
we are all aware, this change will more fairly 
distribute the responsibility of military service 
among all registrants. 

The President suggested in his draft 
proposals a $1.5 billion increase in the military 
manpower budget in order to make the 
services more attractive through pay raises and 
other benefits. Congress not only endorsed this 
suggestion, but, demonstrating a strong 
commitment to enhancing the quality of 
military life, substantially raised the 
proposed increase. 

The System itself has effected many 
improvements since the introduction of 
random selection in November 7969. New 
major procedures promise to make operations 
easier and more efficient at all levels. One of 
the most important procedural changes will 
be the introduction of the new l-H "holding" 
classification assigned to young men not 
currently subject to the induction process. This 
new category will save hundreds of thousands 
of work hours on the part of the entire System. 
It will better serve registrants by giving them 
a more readily understandable indication that 
they are not currently draft eligible. 

Concomitant with these productive 
changes, the Department of Defense is 
working to improve the conditions of military 
life through Project Volunteer. In addition, 
military manpower requirements are being 
reduced, with a subsequent lowering of draft 
calls, as United States Forces continue to 
withdraw from Southeast Asia. Our military 
commitment in Vietnam has troubled the 
American people and divided their hopes like 
no conflict since the Civil War. Much anti-war 
and anti-military protest has been focused 
against Selective Service and physically 
against many of our local boards. Now, 
however, the expression and demonstration of 
anti-war sentiment seems to be subsiding. 
More of our Nation's citizens are recognizing 
that our armed forces represent a national 
strength essential to the security of our 
country and to the well-being of freedom- 
loving nations throughout the world. 

All of these factors lead me to believe we 
are entering a new period in the history of 
Selective Service and in the entire American 
experience. These new times should give us a 
deep sense of optimism and pride in our 
great Nation. 



Summer Youth Employment Ends 

-81 YOUNG PEOPLE 
EMPLOYED 

A TOTAL OF 81 YOUNG PEOPLE joined the 
System this summer through either the sum- 
mer aid program providing jobs primarily for 
the disadvantaged or the President's Youth 
Opportunity Stay-in-School Campaign. (See 
Selective Service NEWS, July 1971). Practi- 
cally all the young employees, the vast major- 
ity of whom were women, worked at state 
headquarters and local boards. Nine youth 
were employed at National Headquarters. 

Most of the young people seemed to be 
"Jacks and Jills of all trades," doing a litde bit 
of every kind of clerical work: opening mail, 
answering telephones, responding to inquiries, 
filing, and helping to register young men. 
Some filled temporarily empty positions, such 
as a young girl at Texas State Headquarters 
who worked in that state's transportation sec- 
tion for a short time after someone had been 
rifted, until that person's job could be ab- 
sorbed. Most of the men employed worked in 
stock control. One young man in Virginia even 
assumed the work of the stock control clerk 
for a few days. Several working under the aus- 
pices of the Stay-in-School Campaign proved 
extremely useful, said state headquarters of- 
ficials, because they were already familiar with 
the System from working part-time during the 
school year. Other summer aides who had 
worked for the System last summer and re- 
quested to be reassigned to Selective Service 
this year, proved additionally helpful also be- 
cause of their past experience in the System. 

Most of the states said that they had lo- 
cated their summer help through their State 
Employment Office's Youth Opportunity Cam- 
paign. State officials' responses to the young 
employees were nothing short of enthusiastic: 
"Outstanding!"; "We enjoyed them so 
much!"; "I'd like to have any one of them on a 
permanent basis."; "Very pleasant!" 

"Did anything outstanding happen while 
the summer aides were at your headquar- 
ters?" "They relieved us of a lot of work, and I 
think that's outstanding," said one state 
worker. 



Here Summer Aide 

Ethel Yvonne Douglas 

is working at Local 

Board No. 76 in 

Oklahoma. Miss Douglas 

was rehired this summer 

after working at 

another Oklahoma board 

last summer. The high 

school graduate plans to 

major in business 

administration in college. 




Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7. 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information 
between National Headquarters and other components 
of the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public. However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions otthe Mili- 
tary Selective Act of 1967. or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information, National Headquarters, Selective 
Service System 1724 F Street, N.W., Washington, D. C 
20436. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 
20402 -price 10 cents (single copy). Subscription Price: 
$1,00 per year; 25 cents additional for foreign mailing. 




WASHINGTON. DC. 



Selective Seruice MEWS 



1971 AMENDMENTS 
TO 1HE DB4FT VW 

Following is a summary of the changes in draft law resulting 
from the enactment of Public Law (PL) 92-129, which contains 
the 1971 Amendments to the Military Selective Service Act. 
Unless otherwise specified, all provisions of the new legisla- 
tion became effective when President Nixon signed the bill 
'into law on September 28, 1971. 

The new draft extension and reform law was occasioned by 
the termination of the President's authority to induct men not 
previously deferred on July 1, 1971. The President took this 
opportunity for Congressional consideration of the draft sys- 
tem to present three major draft reform proposals to Congress: 
D An extension of the President's induction authority for two more years, 
until July 1 , 1 973. In the recent past, Presidents have asked for this drafting 
authority for four year periods, but President Nixon asked for a two year 
period as part of his commitment to attain an All-Volunteer Armed Force, 
which is hoped for by mid 1973. 

□ The restoration of the President's authority over student deferments, 
for the purpose of phasing out these deferments. Student deferments have 
been considered one of the greatest inequities of the Selective Service 
System, being unfair to those who do not attend college as well as to 
those who do. 

□ The establishment of a Uniform National Call. Under this reform, draft 
boards throughout the country will reach the same random sequence 
number, or lottery number, at approximately the same time. 

All three of the President's major proposals were passed by 
Congress. In addition, many other reforms were introduced 
into the new draft law to make the draft as fair and equitable 
as possible and to promote the establishment of an All- 
Volunteer force. 

It must not be thought that the new law has been enacted 
without thorough consideration. It was the subject of exten- 
sive hearings in committees of both houses of Congress, and 
it follows over four months of Congressional debate on the 
draft, the longest Congressional debate on this subject in 
United States history. The House of Representatives and the 
Senate passed their own versions of the draft measure on 
April 1 and June 24, respectively. There were 28 differences 
between the two Congressional versions, and a joint Con- 
ference Committee was formed to iron these out. The final 
Conference Report, issued July 30, passed the House on 
August 4 and the Senate on September 21. The bill was then 
sent to the President for sianature. 



SPECIAL ISSUE 
PARTI 




Selective Service NEWS 
will publish a SPECIAL 
ISSUE, PART II very 
shortly, which will de- 
scribe the changes in 
Selective Service regula- 
tions and other directives 
brought about by the new 
law, as well as by other 
current reforms in draft 
policy. 



SUMMARY OF THE 

1971 AMENDMENTS TO THE 

MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT 



TWO YEAR EXTENSION OF 

DRAFTING AUTHORITY 

The President is granted the authority 
to induct men not previously deferred for 
two more years, until July 1, 1973. 

STUDENTS 

HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS Any full-time 
student satisfactorily pursuing his course 
of instruction at a high school or similar 
institution of learning who is issued an 
induction order shall, upon the facts be- 
ing presented to the local board, have 
his induction postponed until he gradu- 
ates, reaches age 20, or ceases to pursue 
satisfactorily his course of instruction, 
whichever occurs first. 

Anyone reaching age 20 during his last 
academic year of high school shall have 
his induction postponed until the end of 
that academic year, as long as he contin- 
ues to pursue satisfactorily a full-time 
course of instruction. 
COLLEGE STUDENTS Any person satis- 
factorily pursuing a full-time course of 
instruction at a college, university, or 
similar institution of higher learning who 
met the academic requirements of a stu- 
dent deferment, even if he did not request 
it, and was satisfactorily pursuing such a 
full-time course during the 1970-1971 reg- 
ular academic school year is eligible for 
a ll-S deferment. 

Any person ordered to report for induc- 
tion while pursuing satisfactorily a full- 
time course of instruction in a college, 
university, or similar institution will, upon 
the appropriate facts being presented to 
the local board, have his induction post- 
poned until the end of the semester or 
term, or academic year in the case of his 
last academic year, or until he ceases to 
pursue satisfactorily his course of in- 
struction, whichever is earlier. 
DIVINITY STUDENTS Students preparing 
for the ministry under the direction of 
recognized churches or religious organi- 
zations, orwho are satisfactorily pursuing 
full-time courses of instruction in recog- 
nized theological or divinity schools, or 
who are satisfactorily pursuing a full-time 
course of instruction leading to entrance 
into recognized theological or divinity 
schools in which they have been preen- 
rolled, shall be deferred from training and 
service, but not from registration. Per- 
sons so deferred shall remain liable for 
training and service until age 35. 

This provision does not preclude the 
exemption from service of men entering 
the ministry as regular or duly ordained 
ministers as defined in Section 16 of 
the Act. 

UNIFORM NATIONAL CALL 
The new law authorizes the President to 
change the previous mandatory system 
of calls and quotas divided among the 
states to a system in accord with such 
rules and regulations as he may pre- 
scribe. (The President has stated that he 
would, if granted this authority, prescribe 
a system of uniform national calls based 
on the use of random sequence numbers.) 



PtHI IINtlNI StUI IUIN 

OF NEW LAW 

HOW THIS DIFFERS FROM THE 
MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE 
ACT OF 1967 



1 7 This authority expired on 
, - July 1,1971, 



6 
(0 



The new law eliminates 
the authority for IS 
deferments. Under the IS 
provision, students in high 
school or similar institutions 
received a IS-H deferment 
from military service until 
they graduated, reached 
age 20, or ceased 
satisfactorily to pursue 
their courses of studies. 



The 1971 amendments 
remove the provisions 
requiring the granting 

22 °l IIS undergraduate 
deferments, restoring the 

( D ) relevant discretionary 
authority to the President, 
with the proviso that 
young men who were 
enrolled as full-time 
students in the regular 
1970-71 academic year 
will still be eligible 
for deferment. 



6 
(i) 



The new law eliminates 
the authority for IS 
deferments. Under the 
IS provision, students in 
college received a IS-C 
deferment from military 
service until the end of 
their current term or 
semester; graduate 
students received the 
IS-C until the end of 
their academic year. 



6 In the old law, divinity 
f n \ students received an 
\ii) exemption from service. 
2 The 1971 amendment 
changes this to a statutory 
deferment. If the divinity 
students practice ministry 
after completion of their 
studies, they will be 
re-classified into class 
IV-D, ministerial exemption. 



Under the quota and call 
system in the 1967 law, 
National Headquarters 
issued quotas to the states, 
5 which then issued quotas 
to local boards, with credit 
(u) given for enlistments. Now, 
regulations will prescribe 
a system for spreading the 
national call across the 
states in such a way that 
men with the same RSN 
will be called at about the 
same time. This system will 
still take into account 
enlistments. 



SUMMARY OFTHE 

1971 AMENDMENTS TO THE 

MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT 



SURVIVING SON 
Except during a period of war or a national 
emergency declared by Congress, no 
person may be inducted for training and 
service if his father, a brother or a sister 
was killed in action or died in the line of 
duty while serving in the armed forces 
after January 1, 1960; or died on January 
1, 1960 or after as a result of injuries 
received or disease incurred in the line of 
duty during such service; or whenever his 
father, a brother or sister is in a captured 
or missing in action status as a result of 
such service. (Brother and sister mean a 
brother of the whole blood or a sister of 
the whole blood.) 

Any surviving son who was inducted 
under the Military Selective Service Act 
of 1967, who has not reenlisted or 
otherwise voluntarily extended his period 
of active duty in the armed forces shall, 
upon application, be promptly discharged 
from the armed forces if he qualifies for 
the exemption mentioned above. (This 
provision does not apply to a member of 
the armed forces if there are court martial 
charges pending against him, if a review 
or appeal of a court martial is pending, or 
if he is serving a sentence imposed by a 
court martial.) 

This provision does not preclude from 
exemption, except during the period of a 
war or a national emergency declared by 
Congress, the sole surviving son of any 
family in which the father or one or more 
sons or daughters were killed in action or 
died in the line of duty before January 1, 
1960, while serving in the armed forces. 

NEW PROCEDURAL RIGHTS 
OF REGISTRANTS 
Each registrant making a claim before a 
local board or appeal board is guaran- 
teed a fair hearing consistent with the 
informal and expeditious processing re- 
quired by Selective Service cases. More 
specifically: 

1) Each registrant will be given the 
opportunity to appear in person before 
the local board or any appeal board of 
the System to testify and present evi- 
dence regarding his status. 

2) Subject to reasonable limitations on 
the number of witnesses and the total 
time allotted to each registrant, each 
registrant will have the right to present 
witnesses on his behalf before the local 
board. 

3) A quorum of any local board or ap- 
peal board shall be present during the 
registrant's personal appearance. 

4) In the event of a decision adverse to 
a registrant, the local or appeal board 
making such decision shall, upon request, 
furnish to such registrant a brief written 
statement of the reasons for its decision. 

LOCAL BOARDS AND 

THEIR MEMBERSHIP 
The local board and/or its staff shall 
perform their official duties only within 
the county or other political subdivision 
for which the local board is established, 



rtni MNtiN i atonuiN 
OF NEW LAW 



HOW THIS DIFFERS F 
MILITARY SELECTIVE 
ACT OF 1967 



6 
(o) 



The 1971 amendi 
expand the prows 
sole surviving sot 
surviving son ors 
Under the old law 
sole surviving son 
family in which thi 
one or more sons § 
daughters were k\ 
action or died in t 
duty while serving 
military or subseq 
died as a resultant 
received or disest 
incurred during si\ 
service, was eligi\. 
exemption from sir 



[PL 92-129: 101(d)(1), (2)] 



[PL 92-129: 101(d)(3)] 



22 
(a) 



The 1967 law hac 
provision on the S 
Under Selective ' 
regulations, regist 
had the right to a; 
person before on! 
local board. 
No person other t, jaii 
registrant had theL 
appear in person I 
the local board, br 
board might, at /fcP 
discretion, permit $\ 
person, except ar 
to appear before 
on behalf of, a ret 
A quorum of the t 
not required to be '" 
at personal appei 
one member of a 
might conduct pe 
appearances. 
No written statemt 
was sent to regist 
in the case of an 
adverse decision 



10 



There was no pro is 
concerning colloc 
However, with the 
recommendation 



( b ) governor, or com) 
executive official > 
3 an intercounty toe | (t 
consisting of at lei 



SUMMARY OF THE 

1971 AMENDMENTS TO THE 

MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT 



■in the case of an intercounty board, 
Lin the area for which such board is 
ablished. However, staffs of local 
rds in more than one county may 
collocated, or one staff may serve 
il boards in more than one county, 
>n such action is approved by the 
rernor or comparable executive official 
fficials. 

he President is requested to make 
I board appointments so that, to the 
ximum extent practicable, each board 
proportionately representative of the 
e and national origin of the registrants 
Tin its jurisdiction. However, no action 
any local board shall be declared 
ilid on the ground that it failed to 
iform to any particular quota as to race 
lational origin. 

Iter December 31, 1971, no person 
ill serve on any local board or appeal 
ird who has reached age 65 or who 
i served on any local board or appeal 
ird for more than 20 years. Minimum 
i for local board membership is 18. 

ISPONSIBILITY FOR 
VILIAN WORK PROGRAM 

Selective Service National Director 
ill determine what l-W civilian work is 
propriate, and shall also be respon- 
se for finding civilian work for l-O's and 
icing them in appropriate jobs contri- 

ing to the national health, safety, 

Interest. 

ATUTE OF LIMITATIONS 

person shall be prosecuted, tried, or 
lished for evading, neglecting or re- 
sing to register unless the indictment is 
md within five years after he reaches 
26 or within five years after he does 
lister, whichever comes first. 

REPUBLICATION OF 
EGULATIONS 

regulation issued under the Military 
lective Service Act shall become effec- 
e until 30 days following the publishing 
the regulation in the Federal Register, 
ring this 30 day period, any person may 
bmit his views to the Selective Service 
ector on the regulation, but no formal 
aring shall be required. 
These requirements may be waived by 

President if he determines that com- 
ance with them would materially impair 
; national defense, and he gives public 
tice to this effect at the time a regula- 
n is issued. 

\ILISTMENTS INTO THE 
3MED SERVICES 
ithing shall be construed to repeal, 
lend, or suspend the law authorizing 
luntary enlistment or reenlistment into 
; armed forces. However, no person 
I be accepted for enlistment after he 
s been issued an induction order, un- 
is authorized by the Selective Service 
'ector and the Defense Secretary. In 
dition, whenever the Congress or the 
esident has declared that the national 
erest is imperiled, voluntary enlist- 



PERTINENT SECTION 
OF NEW LAW 

HOW THIS DIFFERS FROM THE 
MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE 
ACT OF 1967 

member from each 
component county or 
corresponding subdivision 
could be established lor an 
area not exceeding five 
counties or political 
subdivisions when the 
President determined that 
the establishment of such 
local board area would 
result in a more efficient 
and economical operation. 
This provision remains 
in the new law, with the 
governor's "recommenda- 
tion" changed to 
"approval." 

There was no reference 
to the representativeness 
of local boards. 
The maximum age for 
local and appeal board 
membership was age 75, 
and the maximum period of 
service was 25 years. 
There was no minimum age 
for local board membership 
prescribed in law, 
although regulations set a 
lower limit of age 30. 



(j) 



The local board 
determined the 
appropriateness of 
civilian work, pursuant 
to Presidential regulations, 
and local boards had the 
responsibility of finding 
civilian work. 



"I 2 The length of the statute 
. . of limitations pertaining to 
( Q ) violations of the Military 
Selective Service Act of 
1967 was five years, but the 
technical effect of a 
court decision indicated 
that a registrant should 
have a continuing 
responsibility to register 
until age 26 



13 

(b) 



There was no requirement 
concerning the pre- 
publication of regulations. 



15 
(d) 



Under the 1967 law, 
there was no provision 
authorizing enlistments 
after receipt of 
induction orders. 



SUMMARY OF THE 

1971 AMENDMENTS TO THE 

MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT 



ments or reenlistments may be sus- 
pended by the President as he may deem 
necessary in the interest of national 
defense. 

ALIENS 

No male alien lawfully admitted to the 
United States as a non-immigrant is 
subject to registration. 

No alien shall be inducted unless he 
has resided in the United States for 
one year. 

The status of an alien admitted to the 
United States as an immigrant may be 
adjusted to that of a non-immigrant if he 
acquires an occupational status which 
would, if he were seeking admission to 
the U. S., entitle him to non-immigrant 
status. Such occupations would be those 
identified by A, E, or G visas, and ex- 
amples of these are diplomats, treaty 
traders, and exchange visitors. An alien 
who is in one of these occupations but 
who wishes to retain his immigrant status 
may file a waiver of all rights, privileges, 
exemptions, and immunities, in ac- 
cordance with the Immigration and Na- 
tionality Act, to which he would be entitled 
as a result of that occupation and status; 
he will then be subject to registration but 
deferred from induction as long as his 
occupational status continues. 

Any person who subsequent to June 
24, 1948, serves on active duty for at least 
12 months in the armed forces of a nation 
with which the United States is associated 
in mutual defense activities as defined 
by the President may be exempted 
from training and service, but not from 
registration. 

DRAFT LIMITATIONS 
Not more than 130,000 persons may be 
inducted into the armed forces in the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, and not 
more than 140,000 in the fiscal year 
ending June 30, 1973, unless a greater 
number is authorized by law. 

STANDBY DRAFT 
If inductions are discontinued because 
the armed forces are placed on an all- 
volunteer basis, Selective Service shall 
be maintained as an active standby 
organization, with a complete registration 
and classification structure capable of 
immediate operation in the event of a 
national emergency, and personnel ade- 
quate to reinstate immediately the full 
operation of the System, including military 
Reservists who are trained to operate the 
System and who can be ordered to active 
duty for such purpose. 

STATE DIRECTORS 

No state director shall serve concurrently 
in an elected or appointed position of a 
state or local government without the 
approval of the Director. 

MISCELLANEOUS 
The Secretary of Defense and the Secre- 
tary of Health, Education, and Welfare 
shall conduct a joint study concerning 



PERTINENT SECTION 
OF NEW LAW 

HOW THIS DIFFERS FROM 1 
MILITARY SELECTIVE SERV 
ACT OF 1967 



Non-immigrants, with 
certain exceptions, wer 
required to register witt 
a Selective Service boz 
and were eligible for 
induction after they hao 
resided in the United 
States for one year. 



5 

(a) 
1 



6 
(a) 

1 



Immigrant aliens were 
liable for military servic 
immediately upon 
registration, which is 
required to be within 
six months of entry 
into the U. S 

This provision was not 
in the old law. 



6 This minimum period 

i \ of service was set at ■ 

\ a ) Wmonths. 

1 



5 There was no such 
induction limitation 



(e) 



1 There was no mention 

/u. \ of Selective Service in , 

("J standby status, even 

though the draft law is 

permanent legislation. 



1 There was no such 
/u\ stipulation. 

2 



[PL 92129: 101(c)] 

There was no such 
provision. 



SUMMARY OF THE 

1971 AMENDMENTS TO THE 

MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT 



meeting the medical needs of the armed 
forces through means which would re- 
quire less dependence on medical per- 
sonnel of the armed forces. Special 
consideration shall be given the feasi- 
bility of providing medical care under 
contracts with clinics, hospitals, and 
individual medical professionals at or 
near United States military installations. 
The results of the study and the recom- 
mendations which the Defense Secretary 
and the Secretary of HEW deem appro- 
priate shall be submitted to the President 
and the Congress within six months. 

Concerning the term "regular or duly- 
ordained minister of religion," a man must 
preach and teach as a bona fide vocation. 

The National Selective Service Director 
is authorized to make final settlement of 
individual claims, for amounts not ex- 
ceeding $500, for travel and other expen- 
ses of uncompensated personnel incur- 
red while in performance of official duties. 

Selective Service funds are available 
for paying expenses of emergency medi- 
cal care of registrants and transportation 
and burial of the remains of registrants 
who suffer death while acting under 
orders. Such burial expenses will not 
exceed the maximum that the Adminis- 
trator of Veterans' Affairs may pay under 
United States Code provisions. 

The name of the Environmental Science 
Services Administration, commissioned 
service in which constitutes an alternative 
to military service, has been changed to 
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration. 

Section 10 (e) of the old law, concern- 
ing "Fiscal Agent" is repealed because 
it is obsolete. 

The Secretary of Transportation is sub- 
stituted for the Secretary of the Treasury. 



OF NEW LAW 



HOW THIS DIFFERS FROM THE 
MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE 
ACT OF 1967 



"| Q The word "bona fide" 
was not included. 



(g) 



1 The maximum amount 
. was $50. 



"| The maximum amount 
was set at $150 for any 
one case. 



4(a),(b)(d) 
3;6(d);9(j) 



RELATED PROVISIONS OF 
PUBLIC LAW 92-129 WHICH 
ARE NOT PART OF THE 
MILITARY SELECTIVE 
SERVICE ACT 

PAY INCREASES The military pay in- 
creases total $2.4 billion: 
D A basic pay increase (to be effective 
November 13, 1971) primarily for draftees 
and other men with less than two years 
service 

D Raises in Basic Quarters and Depend- 
ence Assistance Allowances 
D A first term enlistment bonus of up to 
$3,000 for combat duty if the man is 
enlisting for at least three years 
D Special pay for optometrists 
□ Pay for recruiter expenses 
STRENGTH LEVELS 

Army 974,309 

Navy 613,619 

Marine Corps 209,846 
Air Force 755,635 

(These figures, for fiscal year 1972, do not include 
Reserves or the National Guard.) 
"END-THE-WAR" It is the sense of Con- 
gress that the United States terminate at 
the earliest practicable date all military 
operations of the United States in Indo- 
china and provide for the prompt and 
orderly withdrawal of all United States 
military forces at a date certain, subject 
to the release of all American prisoners 
of war held by the Government of North 
Vietnam and forces allied to such Govern- 
ment and an accounting for all Americans 
missing in action who have been held 
by or known to such Government or 
such forces. 

DRUG AND ALCOHOL TREATMENT The 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
program to identify, treat, and rehabilitate 
members of the Armed Forces who are 
drug or alcohol dependent persons, and 
identify those examined at AFEES who 
are so dependent. The latter shall be 
refused entrance into the Armed Forces 
and referred to civilian treatment facilities. 



PRESIDENT NIXON signed the 1971 Amendments 
to the Military Selective Service Act into law on 
September 28, 1971, at 3:40 p.m. in the White 
House. Watching the signing of the new law are, 
left to right, Senator John Stennis (D-Miss.), Sec- 
retary of Defense Melvin R. Laird, Congressman 
Leslie C. Arends (R-lll.), Senator Gordon Allott (R- 
Colo.), and Congressman F. Edward Hebert (D-La.). 

Stated the President after the signing: 
Today I am signing into law H.R. 6531. This legisla- 
tion achieves two objectives of major significance: 
D It is a significant step toward an all-volunteer 
armed force, as it remedies the long-standing 
inequities in military pay for the lower grades. 
D It introduces important, additional reforms of 
the draft, making it as fair and equitable as pos- 
sible as we progress toward the volunteer force. 
I am most hopeful that this is the last time a 
President must sign an extension of draft induc- 
tion authority. Although it will remain necessary to 
retain a standby draft system in the interest of 
national security, this administration is committed 
to achieving the reforms in military life as well as 
the public support for our Armed Forces which will 
make possible an end to peacetime conscription. 
The more equitable pay scales provided by this 
act are essential to achieving this goal. 




IEW TRAINERS RECEIVE INSTRUCTION- 

RAINING AT BOARDS BEGINS 



iERE were 52 of them who traveled from 

different states to a Holiday Inn in Louis- 
e, Kentucky. Thirteen women were among 
:m, as well as 18 military officers. Some had 
:n with the Selective Service System over 
years. Others were appointed to their pres- 
: posts just a few weeks before. During a 
) week period, September 12-24, they at- 
ided classes and workshops. 
I Who were they? The System's new state 
ining specialists, appointed just a couple of 
>nths ago. They were attending the first 
ining conference for trainers in the history 
the Selective Service System. (See Selective 
rvice NEWS, June 1971 and August 1971.) 
I "I wish they had started this 29 years ago," 
ranented training specialist Inez K. Kalua 
m Hawaii about the Uniform National 
uning Program. "I am glad I came because 
nave discovered my inadequacies in 
tiling." 

This training program is the greatest 
ng that has happened to the System," said 
nor Daniel J. Levesque, Arizona's training 
"cialist. "Now we have a positive program 
: We are moving into the 20th century." 

For some, the session was a matter of 
arning new tricks of the trade," as they had 
;n assigned the responsibility of training in 
dr state long ago. For others, it was a "to- 
y new bag." 

The trainers spent 9:00 am. to 4:00 p.m. 
i 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. of each weekday in 
sses, after a coordination meeting at 8:45 
I They had 15 different instructors, eight 
m the federal government and seven from 
vate industry. Each night brought them 
■nework assignments. "Nightly clinics," or 
ip sessions," gave them the opportunity to 
t their hair down," and discuss any ques- 



tions or problems with National Training Man- 
ager George Polansky. In addition, they filled 
out critique sheets of each class for the pur- 
pose of revising National's future training 
sessions. 

The entire first week was taught by Civil 
Service Commission (CSC) instructors in a 
joint Selective Service/CSC training effort. 
This training represented, as far as all those 
involved could remember, the first time in the 
history of federal government that a national 
group of training specialists was trained by a 
cooperative effort of two different government 
agencies. Training Manager Polansky added, 
"We are now in the planning stages of other 
programs with the CSC." 

That first week of instruction gave training 
in the definition and role of the state training 
specialist. Nominated by the respective state 
director and approved by National Headquar- 
ters, the specialist is responsible for training in 
his state. He is a national resource person who 
may be called upon by the national training 
manager to help instruct in other states and to 
help in the development of new instructional 
materials. 

Other topics taught the first week include 
theories concerning adult learners, demon- 
strated techniques of teaching, lesson plan and 
outline development, the use of visual aids, 
and conference leadership. Students were 
shown how to use a video tape recorder (a 
closed circuit TV). Then, as each student pre- 
sented a topic to the rest of his workshop, his 
presentation was taped, and later it was played 
back and critiqued by the rest of the class. 

The second week brought another flurry of 
learning. Instruction was given by the Sys- 
tem's National Training Department staff in 
the use of Optical Character Recognition type- 
writers, which are necessary for preparing di- 



rect input material for the System's future 
computer, and also the new Registration Man- 
ual. Local board personnel are, or will soon be, 
receiving instruction in both these areas from 
their supervisor or training specialist. Trainers 
also received an orientation to Selective Serv- 
ice's present and future data processing sys- 
tems, as well as training in human relations. 
They discussed the philosophy and policy of 
the Selective Service training program, and 
contributed input into "The National Training 
Plan," a manual on training soon to be dis- 
tributed to state headquarters. 

3-M, a Minneapolis, Minnesota based bus- 
iness products company, illustrated multi- 
media instructional techniques, and students 
later made their own transparancies and 
showed these on a projection screen. 

The two weeks of professional training in- 
struction ended in a graduation banquet, at 
which National Director Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 
was the keynote speaker. In his address Dr. 
Tarr discussed the fundamental reason behind 
the Uniform Training Program. "In the history 
of the agency, the one thing that has changed 
the whole character of Selective Service is the 
lottery ... It has forced us to have consistency. 
We cannot afford to have one board operating 
one way and another board, another way." 
The Director mentioned two ways of achiev- 
ing this uniformity: training, and supervision 
and inspection. 

All students received course graduation 
certificates. 

"The state training specialist's prime job," 
said Polansky, "is to help the System's man- 
agement staff build a team to develop the full 
potential of all supervisory and managerial per- 
sonnel, so that these people can help train 
others within the System." "We realize that 
the training specialist cannot train all the peo- 
ple in the System, but he can build a team of 
dedicated, well-trained supervisors. The real 
training team and force is the supervisor staff." 



HILOSOPHY AND POLICY OF THE UNIFORM NATIONAL TRAINING PLAN 



Excerpt from the January 
1971 -June 1971 "Semi- 
annual Report of the Di- 
rector of Selective 
Service." 

Under the Manpower Administrator, we 
ve established a training office. Plans are 
w underway for a continuing program of 
ining for our personnel, both new and ex- 
ienced ... In the next few months, training 
II may be the most important activity of the 
item. 

Excerpt from "The Na- 
tional Training Plan," a 

manual on training which 

is being distributed to all 

state headquarters. 

The Uniform National Training Program 
. will involve a coordinated team effort to 
ablish comprehensive and uniform training 
oughout the entire Selective Service Sys- 
Q, in order to improve procedures, opera- 
fis, supervision and morale at all levels. 

The end result of Uniform National Train- 
; is the further fulfillment of the charge 
en to the National Director by the Presi- 
rit: to insure that Selective Service provides 
Jng men of America with a concerned, 
uitable, and efficient selection system. 



Within the National Headquarters, the 
functions of the National Training Department 
will be as follows: (1) to develop the policies 
and procedures for matters pertaining to train- 
ing (2) to plan, organize, and supervise the 
preparation and presentation of all Selective 
Service training programs and the develop- 
ment of training devices (3) to assist the states 
in accomplishing training requirements. 

Training material used in courses con- 
ducted within the Selective Service System 
must have prior approval of the Training De- 
partment or be issued by the Training Depart- 
ment. The development of training material 
will be handled in two ways. First, when a 
need for training has been identified, relevant 
materials on hand in the states or in other ele- 
ments of the System will be obtained by the 
Training Department State input . . . will be 
assured, since the training specialist will be 
detailed to the national training center to par- 
ticipate in a team effort in the production of 
training materials. This material will be re- 
transmitted to the organizational element 
within the System which has the greatest tech- 
nical expertise on the subject in question. Ex- 
perts will design the objective to be obtained 
from the learners, conduct a task analysis and 
then prepare a narrative describing step-by- 
step the items to be taught This will then be 
transmitted to the Training Department for 



conversion into training literature and materi- 
als. When the technical material has been 
converted into a training program, it will be 
tested in the field by the Training Department, 
modified as required, and returned to the func- 
tional manager for coordination and validation. 

The second method involves the revision 
or updating of material. The responsible op- 
erational element of the System will revise the 
technical narrative and transmit the changes 
to the Training Department, and then follow 
the sequence of events which are delineated 
above. 

When courses are produced, they will in- 
clude in a total package a text for student use, 
an instructor's guide, lesson outlines, visual 
aids if appropriate, and test devices. 

When the material is distributed, indepen- 
dent changes in procedure will not be per- 
mitted. Recommendations for changes, how- 
ever, are encouraged and will be transmitted 
through state training specialists to the Na- 
tional Headquarters training manager. 

The (state) training specialist will use the 
state's area and/or group administrative super- 
visors to conduct training sessions for local 
board secretaries and their assistants. When 
appropriate, area and/or group supervisors 
will be responsible for the training of local 
board members and other uncompensated 
personnel. 



New Registration 

Continued from page 1 . 

Distribution instructions for the new 
Registration Certificate will differ slightly from 
the old form. The new form will be a two-copy 
form with the first copy being mailed to the 
Data Processing Center and the second copy 
to the registrant. The Data Processing Center 
will use their copy to create an information 
bank which, in turn, will be used at some fu- 
ture date to produce the List of Registrants 
(SSS Form 3) for the local board clerk, thus 
saving her additional time and work. 

The new forms will be received at the 
Data Processing Center in such a volume that 
it will be impossible for men to read them. To 
overcome this problem, procurement action 
has been initiated for an Optical Character 
Recognition (OCR) reader. 

The OCR reader is a Lundy-Farrington 
Model 3030 which will read the data typed on 
the form at the local board and convert it into 
a form that is acceptable to the Main Process- 
ing System. This reader will be capable of 
reading approximately two forms per second. 
It will also have the capability of checking the 
forms to see if, for example, numbers have 
been included in a man's name or if letters 
have been included in the Selective Service 
number. 

When errors are detected, every attempt 
will be made to correct the error at National 
Headquarters. However, those errors that 
cannot be corrected will be referred to the 
local board for correction and resubmission 
to National Headquarters. This process of 
error detection and correction will be per- 
fected as we proceed to implement the total 
system. 

States Use Variety of 
Recruiting Methods for 
New Board Members 

In LIGHT OF THE NEW local board member- 
ship requirements, as provided for in the 1971 
amendments to the Military Selective Service 
Act, states have massive tasks on their hands 
recruiting new board members. Under the 
amended Military Selective Service Act, the 
maximum age for local and appeal board 
membership is lowered from 75 to 65 and the 
maximum length of service is lowered from 
25 to 20 years, effective January 1, 1972. The 
new act also lowers the minimum age for local 
board members from age 30 to age 18. 

Some states have reported that they must 
now replace over 40 percent of their local 
board members. A couple of states say that, 
in some cases, entire boards will be "wiped 
out." 

A recent random survey of ongoing re- 
cruitment procedures reveals that states are 
demonstrating both their uniformity and indi- 
viduality. The majority of states contacted 
said that one technique is to ask local board 
members for suggestions of potential mem- 
bers. Another frequent method is for state 
headquarters and others to solicit suggestions 
from people outside the System, such as civic 
organizations; veteran's organizations; minor- 
ity and ethnic groups; local, state and federal 



LITTLE NOTES 
OF BIG INTEREST 

The Outstanding Executive Secretary of the 
Year Award, announced in the July issue of 
Selective Service NEWS, has been changed. 
State headquarters will be receiving a letter 
from National describing a similar honor to be 
awarded instead. 

K Effective September 30, all states using 
* State Advisory Committees on Scientific, 
Engineering and Specialized Personnel have 
been asked to terminate these volunteer bodies. 
This action has been taken because of the Sys- 
tem's diminished need for supplemental assist- 
ance in classifying registrants having critical 
skills or other essential occupations. (Letter to 
All State Directors, September 2, 1971) 

rAn unexamined registrant has the right to 
one preinduction physical examination 
within 60 days of submitting a written request, 
even though he may be in a deferred classifica- 
tion. (LBM No. 105, dated May 24, 1971) 

J Concerning a registrant's right for a medi- 
cal reevaluation and review, the opportunity 
for this final review, because of operational con- 
siderations, is offered one time only except in 
cases where it is determined by the state director 
that a substantive change in physical condition 
has occurred. Determinations of physical ac- 
ceptability are not made by the state director 
when he exercises his administrative authority 
as to whether or not a file should be forwarded 
to AFEES for reevaluation. Further, a review by 
the Surgeon, U. S. Army Recruiting Command 
prior to June 1, 1971, does not meet the "one 
time only" provision and a request for a final 
review under LBM 121 will be processed for 
review. 
O By the authority of LBM III, the Special 
Form for Conscientious Objector (SSS 
Form 150) will be received by local boards and 
placed in the Cover Sheet after the Order to Re- 
port for Induction has been issued. Although 
such a request will not be considered by Selec- 
tive Service, it will be evaluated by the inductee's 
military service. 

J LBM 118, concerning Persons Not Re- 
f quired to Register, has been rescinded. 



POLICY ISSUED FOR 
UTILIZATION OF 

MILITARY PERSONNEL 



Administrative Bulletin No. 2.30, issued 
August 9, 1971, spells out the policy for the re- 
call to active duty, retention and utilization of 
commissioned and warrant officers on ex- 
tended active duty with Selective Service. The 
bulletin states that commissioned and warrant 
officers on extended active duty serve for an 
indefinite period of time. 

Under the System's grade structure, each 
position in the System is designated to be 
filled by a certain grade leveL The assignment 
of military personnel is subject to this same 
manpower authorization system. However, if a 
man or woman on active duty is eligible for a 
promotion, but no job is then available for the 
higher grade level, that person will not be de- 
nied the promotion. 

Active duty military personnel may be re- 
assigned within the System, on permanent 
change of station orders, when an appropriate 
vacancy exists and either their services are 
not required at their current duty station, or 
they are promoted to a grade beyond that 
authorized for their position and there is no 
subsequent vacancy at their duty station 
which would be appropriate. 

All reassignments made under this plan 
will be made with a minimum of 90 days ad- 
vance notice, in writing, to the officer and the 
state director or division chief concerned. Re- 
garding requests for release from active duty, 
these may be submitted at any time, although 
approval of them is contingent upon the needs 
of the System. An officer who has served one 
year or more on active duty on his current 
tour will be released. 

The Manpower Administrator is the action 
officer for all active duty military personnel ! 
actions. 



government officials; and county and state bar 
associations; as well as other professional 
societies. States also reported asking for 
recommendations from Reserve and National 
Guard officers and from other uncompensated 
Selective Service employees, such as advisors 
to registrants, appeal agents, and registrars. 

Unique recruiting methods, at least among 
those learned of in the random telephone sur- 
vey, are the following: 

• In Wisconsin, a Reserve officer spent his en- 
tire two week tour of duty driving through six 
counties talking with businessmen, commun- 
ity leaders, schools, bankers, and others in an 
attempt to get "afresh, outside approach" to 
board member recommendations. 

• There has been a Governor's Recommend- 
ing Committee in each county in Ohio since 
1948. Consisting of the presiding judge of the 
Common Pleas Court, the Probate Judge, and 
a third member of the community, each com- 
mittee generates its own board member recom- 
mendations, as well as receiving them from 
the local board and state headquarters. 

• New York City has asked their Youth Ad- 



visory Committee for board member sugges- 
tions. In addition, the headquarters has sent 
over 2,000 letters to minority group organi- 
zations and leaders soliciting interest, and has 
asked for still more recommendations from 
minority board members and ministers. 

• Arizona has been working on local board 
recruitment since July. In Tucson and Phoe- 
nix, the state is receiving recommendations 
from National Guard and Reserve units. 

• Florida recruits through a Governor's ad- 
visory committee in each county. 

• Idaho is recruiting through local board 
members. It may send Reserve officers to board 
offices to help members on the recruiting 
project. 

• In California, the presiding judge of each 
Superior Court makes recommendations to 
the Governor. 

Board members are appointed by the 
President of the United States, upon the rec 
ommendation of the Governor. By law, each 
board must have a minimum of three mem 
bers, although more may be used. 




DOCUMENTS 



SAN FRANCISCa 
PUBLIC LIBRARY" 



WASHINGTON • NOVEMBER 1971 



Selecting Seruice MEWS 



Employees 

offep host of 
suggestions 

ls of press time, National had received some 
00 letters from Selective Service employees in 
6 states. In total, all these correspondences 
ffered more than 275 different suggestions as 
a how the System might be made more effi- 
ient and effective. 

An August 16 memorandum from Assistant 
)eputy Director for Operations Daniel f . Cronin 
olicited the recommendations. "Through the 
>roposals which you make, we shall be able to 
scertain where our problem areas lie and ac- 
ions which we may be able to take, not only 
o reduce the workload which overburdens 
nany of you, but also bring the System into 
iniformity," Mr. Cronin said. 

The suggestions, which run the gamut from 
iow registration procedures could be improved 

the need for new office equipment, are in the 
•rocess of being reviewed by the proper National 
leadquarters official. A few of the outstanding 
ecommendations may be immediately shared 
ly everyone: 

1 The Ashland, Virginia board office helps regis- 
rants returning to the board after active duty to find 
smployment and to take advantage of various veteran 
lenefits. Every man is given a "Today" brochure, 
ssued by the Veterans Administration (VA) which 
nforms veterans of their rights and of addresses of 
Ih offices where they can get further information. 
"he office also shows a genuine interest in the regis- 
rants' study plans, advising them of the location of 
(durational programs "This takes only a few min- 
rtes from our day, and the registrant leaves the 
)ffice in a happy mood," stated Executive Secretary 
Edith T. Thrower of her office's helpful procedures, 
rhis same board reviews the questions on SSS Form 
100. Classification Questionnaire, with the registrant 
when he registers to make sure he will understand 
iow to fill it out when he receives it. 

■ The Madera, California board office places a wire 
ack on its board member table with five large 
snvelopes. each marked with a board member's 
lame. As directive materials are received by the 
ward, copies are placed in each of these envelopes. 
Each board meeting day, the members are simply 
)iven the material from their envelopes. 

■ Kentucky State Headquarters has devised a 
sliding guide for each year's Random Selection 
Sequence Chart to help locate the proper RSN. "It 
tas been the experience of this headquarters that 
luman failure is quite prevalent in the assignment of 
he proper sequence number . . . This aid has been 
Jeneficial as it helps to remove human weakness, 
itated Kentucky State Director Colonel Taylor L 
tevidson 



DIRECTOR GRANTED 

ADTHORITY TO 
ISSDE REGULATIONS 

President Nixon signed Executive Order No. 
11623 on October 12 giving the Selective Serv- 
ice national director the authority to "prescribe 
the necessary rules and regulations to carry out 
the provisions of the (Selective Service) Act." 
Heretofore, the President issued these directives 
as Executive Orders. The national director's new 
authority, which is similar to that possessed by 
most federal agency chiefs, will allow for swifter 
implementation of new policies and procedures. 
Before the required prepublication of any new 
rule or regulation in the Federal Register 30 days 
prior to its effective date, the Director is required 
to request views regarding the proposed change 
from the Secretary of Defense, the Attorney 
General, the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary 
of Health, Education, and Welfare, the Secretary 
of Transportation (when the Coast Guard is 
serving under the Department of Transporta- 
tion), the Director of the Office of Emergency 
Preparedness, and the Chairman of the National 
Selective Service Appeal Board. These agency 
heads must be given at least 10 days to submit 
their views. They have the power to notify the 
Selective Service director if they disagree with a 
proposed provision, and to request that the mat- 
ter be referred to the President for a decision. 



DIRECT SYSTEM-WIDE 
MAILING 



BEGINS MID-DECEMBER 

Beginning in mid-December, all Selective Serv- 
ice employees— both compensated and volun- 
teer—will receive at their homes or business 
offices a copy of Selective Service NEWS, along 
with a summary of all policy directives issued 
in the past month and any other appropriate 
materials, to keep them more completely in- 
formed. The mailin gs are designed to supple- 
ment the current practice of distributing LBM's, 
Letters to All State Directors, and other policy 
documents to local board offices and state 
headquarters. 

The mailings will be handled by the Denver 
Service Center. The System has purchased a 
new Pitney-Bowes machine which will as- 
semble and stuff material into envelopes. Each 
state headquarters will furnish Denver with 
sets of addressed envelopes for all the compen- 
sated and uncompensated employees in its 
state. 

Stated Dr. Tarr about the new mailing, "Be- 
cause of the law and regulation changes and our 
continuing transition to a standby draft system, I 
believe it is increasingly important to inform our 
personnel in the field . . . (The mailing) should 
develop an increased sense of involvement and 
commitment by all our personnel ..." 




Youth Advisor intern Bonnie Blanton of Atlanta, 
Georgia finds the RSN for her birthday on the 1971 
Random Selection Sequence Chart, with the aid of 
a sliding guide. Developed by Kentucky State 
Headquarters, the guide is made of cardboard. 

Why not try making one yourself I Cut two strips 
of cardboard 12" long and 1" wide, except the ■¥*" 
overlap at each side of the chart, which should be 
2" wide. Then cut a slit out of the middle of the top 
cardboard strip which is the width of one line on the 



chart. Staple the two strips together at each end. 
With a pen or pencil, divide the top strip into 
separate sections corresponding to the labels at the 
top and bottom of the chart-i.e.. "Day" and the 
months of the year. Then cut two 2" square pieces 
of cardboard with a 3 /*" square cut out of the middle 
of each piece. Staple these together with the top 
cardboard strip in between. On the top square, write 
"RSN." Kentucky recommends reenforcing the chart 
by gluing two of the charts together, with a piece of 
cardboard in between. 



From the Director 



On Entering the Computer Age 



Our progress in these initial stages ol 
installing a data processing system for 
Selective Service has been extremely 
satisfying. I want to thank all of you for 
your cooperation and enthusiasm in this 
worthwhile and necessary project. As 
you know, our goal is to implement a 
sound, simply designed, and economical 
system. Utilization of data processing 
techniques will allow us to satisfy federal 
regulations requiring reliable and timely 
information and will also make the 
system flexible enough to operate 
efficiently at whatever level of response 
the Congress and the President require. 

Our maintenance of minimum 
information on great numbers of people, 
which is a small portion of that in each 
registrant's file, resembles the paperwork 
requirements of insurance companies, 
banks, retailing firms, and virtually any 
large organization granting credit. One 
would not expect any large business firm 
to cope with its paperwork by manually 
kept records, but Selective Service, until 
now, has attempted to do so. That the 
result has not been entirely successful is 
confirmed by the backlog of work in 
some of our local boards. We have had 
to deal with costly record duplication 
because manually kept records are hard 
to handle, difficult to transmit, and 
generally bulky and expensive to store 
and file. 

By the use of data processing 
machinery, we will be able to maintain 
records with greater accuracy and speed, 
allowing all of us to operate more 
efficiently and giving our local board 
personnel more time to devote to 
personal contacts with registrants for 
which there is no substitute: answering 
questions, giving advice, providing 
assistance during registration or while 
preparing claims, and making inquiry 
during the times when any system, 



Beginning this fall, participants in senior 
ROTC programs will be certified as ROTC 
cadets in their freshman year, and thus re- 
ceive a 1-D deferment from military service 
at that time, provided they have signed a 
ROTC deferment agreement and are en- 
rolled in the program. The military services 
have altered from their former policy of 
certifying ROTC students in their junior 
year of college in an effort to ensure ROTC 
students of their deferment, despite the 
anticipated phasing out of undergraduate 
student deferments. 




regardless of its careful design and 
operation, produces errors. The 
computerization of some of our record 
keeping will in no way alter the all 
important job of our local board 
members to make their judgments 
concerning individual draft cases. 

Establishing a data processing system 
is requiring changes for us all. Some 
Selective Service forms are being revised, 
some paperwork flow is being altered, 
data processing machines are being 
purchased, and computer programmers 
are designing the best uses of the 
machines. Most important, all of us are 
being trained so that the new system will 
operate to fulfill our expectations. During 
the initial phase of each new application 
of the system, by the way, our computer 
experts at National eagerly solicit your 



California Divides into Two 
Operational Divisions 

While state headquarters remains in Sacra- 
mento, California now has a Northern and a 
Southern Region, each under the control of a 
deputy state director. Necessitated by the large 
number of registrants in the state, along with 
the geographical length of the state, California's 
new operational division is designed to facilitate 
that state's day-to-day operations. 

California leads the country in its number of 
living registrants, with a total of over 3 million. 
Four other states trail this large volume with 
over 2 million living registrants each: Illinois, 
Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Texas. New York has 
been divided into New York City and the rest- of 
New York State since immediately after the 
enactment of the Military Selective Service Act 
of 1940. New York has close to 2 million living 
registrants in each of its jurisdictions, which 
operate completely independently from one 
another. California's division differs from that in 
New York in that the former continues to have 
just one state headquarters. 



recommendations, with the necessary j 
understanding that any suggestion must 
be given careful evaluation before bein£ 
implemented. Because the heart of ourl 
system is at our local boards, it is not 
surprising that almost half of the cost of 
the new system during its first year is foil 
the purchase of optical character 
recognition typewriters, which every 
board by now has received. 

Our computerization program for 
registrant data is called the Registrant 
Information Bank. This will be a current 
file of minimum information on our 
active registrants, beginning with those 
registering during 1971 . It is designed to 
produce management information and 
routine reports. By June of next year, we 
will have phased in five groups of 
revised Selective Service forms so that 
they will be acceptable to the computer, 
and we are to begin orientation and 
training in the most effective ways of 
using RIB output next August and 
September. 

Another phase of the System's 
computer plans with which you may no 
be familiar concerns accounting and 
payroll. We will start the testing stages 
of the computerization of our accountin 
and payroll systems, which are handled 
by our six service centers, during May 
and June of 1972, with full 
implementation scheduled for July. Thes 
systems will enable us to make certain 
statistical reports on personnel as well. 
About a year from now, a project to 
develop a full-scale personnel data 
system will be launched. 

Working together during these next 
several months, I think we will all be ab 
to reap a number of benefits from our 
new computer program. The most 
important of these benefits continues to 
be, of course, even more responsive 
service to our registrants. 

Curtis W. Tarr 



Leon L. Brunson, a member of the East Tawas 
Michigan local board, recently received a cal 
from an upset father who said his son forgo 
his billfold when he left for the Detroit AFEEi 
to report for induction. Mr. Brunson decide* 
that the best way to remedy this situatior 
was to drive to Detroit— almost 200 mile 
away— and give the young draftee his billfok 
personally. Said the board volunteer after hi: 
trip, "It was well worth it to see the younj 
man so pleased to get his billfold, even if i 
was three in the morning." 



lis is the Lundy-Farrington scanner, which 
reading the revised SS Form 2's (Registra- 
jn Certificate) local boards have been 
nding the Data Processing Center since 
ovember. The scanner consists of three 
arts: (I. to r.) an output device which pro- 
uces the input information on magnetic 
ipe, the scanner itself which reads the 
>rms, and a teletype console which con- 
ols the scanner. 




First RIB Dala Being Gathered 

ie first data for the System's future Registrant 
brmation Bank is now being compiled. Each 
ite director has been asked to mail monthly 
Forms 112 and 11 2- A, Minutes of Local 
»ard Meeting, to the Data Processing Center 
National. Sent in monthly installments of 
[ the Minute forms of 1971, the Processing 
alter will have received all the forms for this 



year by March of 1972. A special task force at 
National will process the forms. After registrant 
lists are made, they will be sent back to state 
headquarters in the form of locator printouts. 
Beginning in December of 1971, copies of a 
revised Optical Character Recognition Form 
1 10, Notice of Classification, will be sent to the 
Data Center to report classification actions. 
The center will obtain the necessary data for 
young men registering in 1972 and thereafter 
from this revised form. 



New Board Manager Award 

>fher New Honors Also Created 

he award for the Outstanding Executive 
ecretary of the Year, announced in the July 
sue of Selective Service NEWS, has been 

vised and expanded. The award, as authorized 
y Administrative Bulletin No. 2.805, is now 
tied Outstanding Local Board Manager of the 
'ear and will be presented to one employee in 
ach of three categories according to the local 
oard size (the size of the board's active registra- 
lons). Nominees for the award may be selected 
ram among outstanding area and group super- 
isors and executive secretaries. State directors 
nil be able to submit one nomination for each 
if the three categories. 

Three other new awards are being instituted 
V "Distinguished Service Award" (authorized by 
Vdministrative Bulletin No. 1.61) will be the 
lighest honorary recognition awarded by the 
National Director for extraordinary performance 
ir contributions. This award is to be given to a 
imited number of nominees annually. An 
Tixceptional Service Award" (See Administra- 
ive Bulletin No. 2.803.) will be the second high- 
est recognition awarded by the Director annually 
3d a limited number of persons for exceptional 
service or major contributions. The third new 
lonor is a "Meritorious Service Award" (See 
Administrative Bulletin No. 2.804.), recognition 
for distinguished service or achievement, which 
zan be awarded anytime by the national director 
and state directors. 



Survey Shows COs Talented 



A September survey conducted in nine states 
regarding the educational level and training of 
CO's who are awaiting 1-W work assignments 
reveals the following results: 



Average age 


22.1 yrs. 


Average years education 


14.75 yrs 


college graduates 


42% 


some college 


35% 


high school graduates 


18% 


trade school 


4% 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by the 
Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information between 
National Headquarters and other components of the Selec- 
tive Service System as well as the general public. However, 
nothing contained herein may be accepted as modifying 
or enlarging provisions of the Military Selective Service Act 
of 1967. or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information, National Headquarters, Selective Serv- 
ice System. 1724 F Street. N.W., Washington, DC. 20435, 
For sate by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S Govern- 
ment Pnnting Office, Washington. DC. 20402-pnce 10 
cents (single copy). Subscription Price $1 00 per year, 25 
cents for foreign mailing 



Skills: 
Teaching 28% 

Crafts (carpentry, welding, photography, 20% 

painting, electricity, plumbing, etc.) 
Mechanics 5% 

Accountants/bookkeepers 5% 

Farmers/fishermen 4% 

Clerical/sales 28% 

Miscellaneous less than 4% 

Physicians, lawyers, nurses, engineers (chemi- 
cal, electrical, et. a\.), social workers, counselors, 
journalists, truck drivers, entertainers, cooks. 



It appears that the current campaign to broaden 
the work opportunities of 1 -O's is feasible, since the 
CO's appear to have a variety of marketable skills. 

Of the 12,216 COs presently performing civilian 
work, the following talented young men hold unique 
jobs: 

■ A member of the Beach Boys plays with his 
rock group in California prisons, hospitals, and 
orphanages. 

■ A 23-year-old man with degrees in chemistry and 
biology is working as a lab technician for a research 
team headed by Nobel Prize winner Linus Pauling in 
California studying the molecular effects of aging. 

■ In Philadelphia, five architecture school graduates 
are on the staff of the Architects Workshop, a non- 
profit group that combines architectural know-how 
with social work in poverty areas. 

In addition, a young industrial engineer super- 
vised the office layouts and construction al- 
terations at Bellvue Hospital in New York 
City. This man has since been hired by the 
hospital. 



["^auTsiackerT 

TAKE DOPE' „„d 

"U" TEETH, DOCTORS SAY 

declarl d ra S t„feM ,8ht ' examinin 6 Physician! 

have apparently fan. I J I V Were f "" nd "> 

I heir cases an- h»;„„ • . ' °' <J'>Pe. 

in ,k t- lnglnves "gated I 

»n the Second District it wZ ' 
two men were found u h i. reported that 

anobvH,usa. n; d |i : d h I 0h:,d ,r' ,lcdm '' l --n 

««notgo^ i:,T ,n8USadde,,,ab "' hul 
P r B.F 8 ^ ^eTavT„ n o an h y8 ? 0d -" Said l 

Of any specific case ye b u "° ^ S0,U,e ^"" 
thoroughly. We have «~ ^ ■" Inve *''gating 



Extracted from yesterday's paper? Not quite. 
This article appeared in the Minneapolis Sunday 
Tribune on August 5, 191 7, a copy of which was 
discovered in a false ceiling of the Saint Peter, 
Minnesota draft board office after an arson attack 
last January. The hypothesis is that the paper, 
along with several other Tribune issues, was 
serving all these years as insulation against the 
cold. 



Two More National Conferences 

Following the recent national policy committee 
meetings, the national fiscal conference, and the 
national trainers conference, meetings have also 
been held for Selective Service attorneys and 
operations heads. 

Meeting at National Headquarters Novem- 
ber 2-4, the System's 12 regional attorneys and 
four state headquarters attorney advisors dis- 
cussed various legal issues with the staff of the 
Office of General Counsel. The lawyers talked 
about new legal problems which have arisen as 
a result of recent court decisions, and the new 
draft law, proposed regulations, and other direc- 
tives, in order to give their states the best legal 
advice possible. 

The first National Operations Conference 
was held November 14-18 in Savannah, Georgia. 
With the operations manager and chief of local 
board operations in each state except Guam and 
the Canal Zone attending, the conference dealt 
with the following draft topics: COs, the 1-W 
work program, classification, local board opera- 
tions, year-end problems, management tech- 
niques, and special operations programs. The 
conferees also worked together to identify major 
operational problem areas. There will be subse- 
quent operations meetings in the states Novem- 
ber 22 and December 3 to review the policies and 
procedures discussed at the national meeting. 



FULL TIME MINORITY EMPLOYMENT IN SELECTIVE SERVICE: 

May70vs.May7l 

May 1970 

May 1971 



TOTAL 


MINORITY 


MINORITY PERCENT 


COMPENSATED 


• GROUPS 


OF TOTAL 


6,509 


586 


9.0% 


5,746 


619 


10.8% 



COMPARISON WITHIN 
MINORITY GROUPS NEGRO 

May 1970 425 

May 1971 462 

As the above figures indicate, 
while total full-time employment 
within Selective Service de- 
creased during this period, mi- 
nority group employment steadily 
increased. 

In the continuing dialogue at 
the national level to solicit more 
minority volunteers in the System, 
National Director Curtis W. Tarr 
and Equal Employment Oppor- 
tunity Director Reynaldo P. Ma- 
duro met with Clarence Mitchell, 
Director of the Washington Bur- 
eau of the National Association for 
the Advancement of Colored Peo- 
ple (NAACP) on September 27, 



% OF SPANISH % OF AMERICAN % OF % OF 

TOTAL SURNAMED TOTAL INDIAN TOTAL ORIENTAL TOTAL 
72.7% 112 19.1% 14 2.4% 35 6.0% 



74.6% 114 18.4% 

and with Henry M. Ramirez, Chair- 
man of the Cabinet Committee on 
Opportunities for Spanish-Speak- 
ing Peoples on September 1. In 
addition, Maduro, together with 
New York City Selective Service 
Director Paul V. Akst, met with 
the NAACP Director of Armed 
Service and Veterans' Affairs on 
October 15. Earlier this fall, Ma- 
duro spoke at a national conven- 
tion of the National Medical As- 
sociation. In ail instances, the 
organizations expressed enthusi- 
astic support for the System's 
drive to have people who are 
representative of the makeup of 
their area participate in Selective 



Service affairs. 

Also in September, Deputy Na- 
tional Director Byron V. Pepitone 
met with the new office of Equal 
Employment Opportunity Direc- 
tor Philip V. Sanchez, who is, inci- 
dentally, a Selective Service Re- 
servist in California. Sanchez told 
all EEO regional directors of 
the Selective Service recruitment 
campaign, asking them to con- 
tact the Selective Service state 
directors in their area. Sanchez 
pointed out that EEO Community 
Action Agencies would be good 
vehicles by which to contact mi- 
nority group members. 



World War II Law Aids Servicemen 



"I have 14 more payments on my car and three 
more on some new furniture I bought," says a 
registrant to his local board clerk after receiving 
his induction order. "I can't make my payments 
if I get drafted." 

This young man should be told of the Soldiers' 
and Sailors' Civil Relief Act. Protecting mem- 
bers of the Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast 
Guard, as well as the Army and Navy, the act 
affords special protection to these men through 
the offices of United States attorneys and courts 
in any dispute about a serviceman meeting pay- 
ments for obligations he made before entering 
active duty. If a court finds that the inability to 
pay is due to decreased earnings as the result of 
military service, the act provides for a temporary 
suspension of the right of creditors to use courts 
to compel the serviceman to pay. The act still 
obliges servicemen to honor their debts, but 
payment may be put off until after they are 
released from active duty. 

Under the Relief Act, a court may make any 
number of kinds of decisions. For example, it 
may order reduced payments on a loan, or, in 
the case of a piece of property, order the service- 
man to return the property and the seller to 
return the money paid on it. The court may also 
order a suspension of legal action until the 
serviceman returns to civilian life and is able 
to meet payments. 

Provisions of the act include: 

■ If a serviceman has a financial obligation that re- 
quires him to pay more than six percent per year, he 
may cite the act to his creditors and pay only six 
percent interest. (A creditor can ask the court to 
require a serviceman to pay more than six percent, 
but he must show the court that the man's ability to 
pay has not been materially affected by his military 
service.) "Interest'' includes service charges, renewal 
charges, fees or any charges associated with such 
obligations, except bona fide insurance. 

■ If a serviceman is unable to make payment when 
due on installment contracts, mortgages, or trust 
deeds, the seller cannot repossess or foreclose on the 
property without a court's permission. The court may 
order the return of property to the seller and tell the 



seller to return the amount paid in; it may also decide 
to permit the serviceman to keep the property and 
make smaller payments than originally called for in 
the contract. 

■ If the enlistee signed a lease for an apartment or 
house, he may cancel the lease by giving the landlord 
30 days' written notice, citing the act as his authority. 

■ The dependents of a serviceman who are living in 
a house or an apartment renting for $1 50 or less may 
not be evicted for nonpayment of rent until a court 
has given its permission. This is so, whether the de- 
pendents were living in the house or apartment 
before or after the serviceman went on active duty. If 
the court agrees to eviction, the landlord will be re- 
quired to wait up to three months while the service- 
man looks for suitable living accommodations for his 
dependents. The rent for the period must still be paid. 

■ If an enlistee fails to pay storage charges on 
household goods, furniture, or personal effects when 
due, the storage company cannot sell the property 
without a court order. The court may stay the pro- 
ceedings or enter a judgment that the court thinks is 
fair to both parties. 

■ The Veterans Administration is authorized to 
guarantee payments of premiums on up to $10,000 of 
commercial insurance on a serviceman's life, pro- 
vided he is unable to pay. 

■ A serviceman's pay and personal property is ex- 
empted from taxation by a state in which he is sta- 
tioned but which is not his permanent home state. 

■ A serviceman may defer payment of federal, state, 
or local taxes on income for a period extending up to 
six months after his separation, if his ability to pay the 
tax has been materially impaired because of his active 
duty. In this case, the enlistee must make written re- 
quests to the taxing authority for such deferment, 
citing the act, and file tax returns. 

■ The only state that has a right to tax a service- 
man's pay and personal property is his state of domi- 
cile. But another state where servicemen may be 
serving can tax non-military income obtained from 
sources in that state. A civilian member of a service- 
man's household is not exempt from state taxes. 

■ A serviceman may retain his home state registra- 
tion as long as he has paid the license fee or excise 
fee required by that state. The vehicle title must be in 
the name of the person on active duty. 

■ While relief is very often available under the act, 
an enlistee is expected and required to show good 
faith on active duty by doing all he can to discharge 
his obligations. 



LBM Concerning Year-End 
Problems Revised 



A revised LBM 99 issued early in Novem 
reflects the institution of uniform national d 
calls, as well as several other draft refon 
Under the new draft call procedure, all availa 
men with an RSN equal to or below nations 
announced RSN ceilings will be called 
induction. 

One result of uniform national calls is a shot 
ening of the actual RSNs to three digits only! 
those based on the relevant lottery drawM 
Since all men with RSNs up through a certai 
cutoff will be called, no distinction need n 
made among men with the same RSN. There 
fore, the last four digits of RSNs, correspondiifi 
to a registrant's last and first name as detq 
mined by the Alphabetic Sequence Chart, wil 
not be assigned in the future. 

The new memorandum clarifies the rnethol 
for assigning RSNs. A registrant is given his 
lottery number at the time of his lottery draw 
ing, based on the information he gave when hi I 
registered. If, after the lottery, he presents evl 
dence verifying a date of birth other than thai 
shown on his registration card, the records in hi 
file will be corrected, but the RSN originall] 
assigned him will not be changed. If he present] 
this new evidence before his lottery drawing 
his RSN will be changed according to the "new 
birth date. 

The Extended Priority Selection Group hai 
been divided into subgroups: men who enteret 
the group in 1971 are in Subgroup A, those era 
tering in 1972 will be in Subgroup B, etc. Cora 
earning transfer from the First Priority Group to 
the Extended Priority Group, LBM 99 now 
states that any registrant with a "reached" RSN 
in the First Priority Group on December 31 of a] 
year who was not issued an induction order 
with a reporting date within that calendar yeal 
shall, on January 1 of the next year, be assigned 
to the Extended Priority Group. Registrants in 
the Extended Priority Group will be tentatively 
identified and issued orders, by RSN, in NovemJ 
ber for the following year's January call. If sucM 
a registrant is reclassified out of 1-A or 1-A-Q 
before the end of the year, he will not be part oJ 
the Extended Priority Group, and his induction 
order will be cancelled. On the other hand, a 
registrant issued an induction order with a re 
porting date within the year who had his induc- 
tion order cancelled after the end of the year cd 
who otherwise did not complete his military 
obligation shall, when he becomes draft eligible; 
become part of the Extended Priority Group] 
Any registrant in an Extended Priority, First] 
Priority, or a reduced priority group shall, upon 
his 26th birthday, be removed from that priority 
group unless he is under an induction order. 

The revised LBM further directs boards to 
"promptly consider for reclassification any 
registrant who requests in writing that his cur- 
rent deferment be ended" and who is currently 
classified 1-S, 2-A, 2-C, 2-D, 2-S or 3-A. If the 
request is received or postmarked before Janu- 
ary 1, the classification action shall be effective 
as of December 31. All other information or 
requests received or postmarked before January 
1 will be effective as of December 31 also. 



WASHINGTON. DC. • DECEMBER 1971 




Selectiue Seruice MEWS 



Qualifications for III 
Local and Appeal 
Board Members 



Tie qualifications for local and appeal board 
nembership stated in the new draft amend- 
nents and new Selective Service regulations 
lave been further defined by a November 10, 
971, Letter To All State Directors. The 1971 
Iraft amendments and the regulations stipu- 
ate that, effective December 31 of this year, 
ocal and appeal board members may serve 
or a maximum of 20 years and may be up to 
ige 65. The minimum age for local board 
nembers was set at 18. In addition, boards 
hould be, as much as possible, proportion- 
tely representative of the race and national 
trigin of the registrants within their jurisdic- 
ion. Present Selective Service regulations 
dso state that members should not be 
nembers of the armed forces or a Reserve 
»mponent. 

The recent Letter To All State Directors 
iirther stipulates that new local board mem- 
ber appointees may not have served on a local 
md/or appeal board for more than 15 years or 
ae older than age 60, and that new appeal 
xiard member appointees may not be over 
ige 64. These additional instructions are 
limed at assuring that new members may 
serve on local boards at least five years and on 
ippeal boards at least one year before reacti- 
ng the age and length-of-service limitations 
imposed by draft law. The November letter 
also states that members may not be em- 
ployed by private industry or government to 
handle Selective Service matters, and that 
they may not hold a position which would 
be incompatible with the duties of a board 
member. 




Boards Set Up Uniform Files 



SAN FRANCISCO 
PUBLIC LIBRARY" 



Selective Service is instituting a uniform filing 
system in every local board in the country. The 
purpose of the new method is to further ensure 
that all registrant files are arranged in the same 
order, making local board procedures uniform. 

Each local board is beginning its phase-in to 
the new system upon receipt of the new Local 
Board Memorandum 124, issued November 1 1, 
which describes the methods for setting up files. 

The new filing methods were developed after 
a great deal of work by people at the local board, 
state and national levels. The original step was a 
August 5, 1971, Letter To All State Directors 
from Assistant Deputy Director, Operations, 
Daniel J. Cronin, which announced the decision 
to institute a national system and solicited infor- 
mation concerning the current filing systems 
used in the states as well as recommendations 
for the make-up of a uniform national filing 




• *- 




22-year-old Al Sinkler gives 
advice to a peer on how to fill out 
a Selective Service form. Al, a 
veteran, has been a clerk typist at 
this Philadelphia draft board 
since August 30. See story, page 3. 



A RECENT QASE 



Facts: 



A registrant was ordered to re- 
port for induction on October 15, 
1970. He was in school, so his in- 
duction Was postponed until Feb- 
ruary 1971. He then reported for 
induction, but was found not ac- 
ceptable, with a recommenda- 
tion for a reevaluation in 60 
days. The local board reclassi- 
fied the registrant in Class 1-Y. 
At the end of the 60-day period, 
he was returned to the AFEES 
and was found to be acceptable. 



riiioctinir To which se,ection b">up did ne 

IjUuollUM. belong when again classified 



Answer: 



1-A? 



The registrant was ordered for 
induction from the 1970 first 
priority selection group. There- 
fore, he returned to the first pri- 
ority selection group when his 
deferment ended. He was never 
in the extended priority selec- 
tion group. 



system. Then a task force, consisting of staff 
from the Operations and Plans and Analysis 
Divisions and state headquarters personnel, met 
at National. After this group developed a draft 
proposal for the new system, the plan was sent 
to more than a dozen state headquarters for 
review and comment. Upon receipt of the subse- 
quent suggestions, National developed a pro 
posed system. This new plan was pilot tested at 
the Fairfax City, Virginia draft board, and, after 
minor changes, was finalized. 

Specifically, the filing system is designed to 
speed access to Selective Service files, prepare 
reports, select registrants for preinduction exam- 
inations and induction, aid in the review of 
classes, and arrange files in the order of normal 
work priorities. Many state directors will call on 
members of Reserve and National Guard units 
to help board personnel set up the new filing 
system. 





VIOLATION CASES 




The 


following chart, released 


Dy the 


Depart- 


ment of Justice, shows the disposition of dis- 


trict 


court draft law violation 


cases 


in fiscal 


years 1945-1970, 


with the exceptior 


of 


the 


cases in the District of Columbia, the Canal 


Zone, Guam, and the Virg 


in Islands. 




S 


™ 


o 


o 
o 

z 


o tn 


i 


£ 

K 


5 


</3 1 


1945 


4.287 


1.449 


2.838 


2.368 


453 


17 


31.9 


1946 


2.651 


989 


1.652 


1.339 


301 


12 


206 


1947 


2.074 


937 


1.137 


775 


245 


117 


14 3 


1948 


833 


529 


304 


212 


84 


8 


14.1 


1949 


506 


214 


292 


213 


73 


6 


146 


1950 


449 


274 


175 


109 


65 


1 


134 


1951 


368 


212 


156 


123 


32 


1 


296 


1952 


561 


248 


313 


272 


39 


2 


305 


1953 


630 


285 


345 


280 


64 


1 


293 


1954 


822 


398 


424 


356 


64 


4 


264 


1955 


719 


430 


289 


217 


70 


2 


248 


1956 


371 


185 


186 


123 


61 


2 


24.0 


1957 


357 


95 


262 


194 


68 


- 


23.7 


1958 


325 


96 


229 


190 


36 


3 


21.6 


1959 


258 


56 


202 


152 


49 


1 


232 


1960 


239 


73 


166 


126 


37 


3 


21 5 


1961 


244 


45 


199 


141 


57 


1 


22.6 


1962 


274 


49 


225 


164 


60 


1 


21 6 


1963 


338 


73 


265 


189 


74 


2 


21 5 


1964 


276 


70 


206 


146 


59 


1 


20.8 


1965 


341 


99 


242 


189 


52 


1 


21.0 


1966 


516 


145 


371 


301 


64 


6 


26.4 


1967 


996 


248 


748 


666 


78 


4 


32.1 


1968 


1.192 


408 


784 


580 


202 


2 


373 


1969 


1.744 


844 


900 


544 


350 


6 


363 


1970 


2.833 


1,808 


1.027 


450 


572 


5 


33 5 



From the Director 

On Our 
Relearning 



There is a great deal of excitement 
among us because of the further equity 
and greater efficiency promised by the 
many current changes in Selective 
Service policy. I realize that it has been 
difficult for you to know exactly what to 
do during the interim between the 
enactment of the new draft amendments 
and the effective date of the new 
regulations. It has been equally hard to 
keep up with Selective Service changes 
as they have occurred. Your continuing 
enthusiasm is greatly appreciated. 

As you can imagine, keeping 
everyone informed about the draft 
reforms has not been easy, mainly 
because many policy decisions had to 
be made after the 1 971 amendments 
became law. It was only after the 
enactment of the amendments that our 
operations experts and others, aided by 
a vast number of suggestions from local 
boards and state headquarters, could 
begin to define specific operational 
procedures. However, I am confident 
that informing the System, registrants, 
and other interested persons about the 
improvements in Selective Service will 
be one of our foremost nation-wide 
projects in the next several months. 
Basically, we are using three means to 
disseminate this information: public 




information material, together with this 
newsletter; directives and related 
training; and national, regional, and 
state conferences. 

Concerning the first method of 
communication, you have all received 
a special issue of Selective Service 
NEWS listing changes in the draft law, 
as well as a 12-page press release 
summarizing the major changes in 
policy effected by the new draft 
amendments and the then proposed 
Selective Service regulations. Personnel 
will soon receive several copies of 
another special issue of the newsletter 
which will list all regulation changes in 
final form. We hope boards will furnish 
this forthcoming issue to registrants, 
along with a copy of "Perspective on 
the Draft," until our revised information 
pamphlets are distributed, which should 
be early next year. 



The real center of our relearning 
process is and will be composed of 
revised Selective Service directives and 
training programs. Already you have 
received changes in our regulations and 
local board memoranda. Many of our 
personnel have had instruction in the 
operation of Optical Character 
Recognition typewriters. As new draft 
procedures and training materials are 
finalized, you shall be given more 
instruction. Ultimately, we shall have 
comprehensive Local Board Operations 
Training Manuals dealing with local 
board work. 

A good number of you have 
participated in our third method of 
System-wide communication, which we 
are undertaking for the first time this 
year — training conferences. For 
example, state personnel involved in 
fiscal matters attended a one-week 
conference in July, at which they were 
aided in familiarizing themselves with 
the revised Fiscal and Procurement 
Manual. For two weeks in September, 
our newly appointed state training 
specialists met for an introduction to 
modern teaching techniques and to the 
tasks which lay before them. Early 
November brought a regional attorneys' 
conference in Washington, at which our 
1 2 regional attorneys and four state 
headquarters attorney advisors discussed 
recent court decisions, new legal 
problems, and the new draft law and 
proposed regulations, with the staff of 
the Office of General Counsel. The 
most recent national conference was 
that dealing with Selective Service 



operations, held November 14 
Attended by the operations ma 
and chief of local board operal 
from each state headquarters e: 
Guam and the Canal Zone, this 
conference turned out to be an 4 
and stimulating event for all com 
Becoming familiar with the nevfl 
regulations, the states then held! 
own operations meetings in late J 
November and early December.] 
We are dealing with so many & 
in draft policy that all of us face! 
almost complete relearning expel 
Each of us has potential for learrfl 
and I hope you are benefiting frqa 
new training opportunities. As w| 
exercise this learning potential, « 
derive great satisfaction, and priq 
from national uniformity. 



-. 



Dr. Curtis V\i * 



What Happened to Official N 

The Notices are discontinued 
NEWS. Instead, they will be pi 
greater detail in "Directives Ca| 
which will be a regular inclusioj 
System's direct monthly mailings^ 



Lots of Letters 



Clivtwet to feat tfoat »ciw ct fanioiu) famifiat ate awen M>ecia( tteatmetit 
coticetiiina tfwit mifttatu ofifiaation: 



All of us receive many inquiries concerning 
aspects of the draft law and regulations. Selec- 
tive Service NEWS will periodically publish por- 
tions of answers to letters received by National. 



^ea&tm&fbr/tAasiny aai cotfege deferm£nt&: 



The February 10, 1970 issue of 
"The Congressional Quarterly" re- 
ported on a survey concerning the 
draft-eligible sons and grandsons 
of Members of Congress. Of this 
group, 50% had been deferred dur- 
ing the Vietnam conflict, a figure 
lower than the national average. Of 
this number of deferred men, the 
vast majority held student defer- 
ments. The Quarterly also reported 
that 48 sons of Congressmen served 
in the military during the last five 
years, 26 of them in Vietnam; and 
22 sons or grandsons were in the re- 
serves or National Guard. Other 
members stated that they had 
nephews or sons-in-law who had 
served in Vietnam. 

There is no policy of favoritism 
within the Selective Service System. 
Each registrant is considered in 
the same manner, without regard to 
the individual's race, color, creed, 
ethnic group, economic status, or 
parental occupation. Deferments 
are given only for legitimate rea- 



sons. The Selective Service System 
assures that there will be no favor- 
itism extended to individuals be- 
cause the membership of each of 
the more than 4,100 local boards 
throughout the country is made up 
of locally responsible citizens. 
Their primary concern is appro- 
priate classification of all their 
registrants. 

In addition, the Department of 
Defense requires that registrants 
of national prominence, including 
those achieving national promi- 
nence by virtue of their personal 
ability in athletics, entertainment, 
and other professional activities, or 
who are members of families who 
are nationally prominent in these 
areas, must, whether accepted or 
rejected for military service, have 
their records reviewed by the Sur- 
geon General, United States Army, 
before they are finally found to be 
qualified or disqualified for mili- 
tary service. 



Phasing out college deferments is 
designed to make the draft system, 
for as long as it is needed, as fair 
and equitable as possible to all 
draft-eligible young men. The man- 
datory granting of undergraduate 
student deferments has been called 
the major inequity of the Selective 
Service legislation. It has placed 
an unacceptable hardship on regis- 
trants who did not choose or who 
were unable to attend an institution 
of higher learning. Similarly, 2-S 
deferments have induced some men 
to attend college or to remain in 
college for the wrong reason, i.e., 
to avoid induction into the armed 
forces. Last year the American 
Council on Education, with a mem- 
bership of over 1,500 colleges 
and universities, came out in sup- 
port of the policy to end student 
deferments. 

The previous justification for col- 
lege deferments was to ensure a 
sufficient supply of college trained 
young people who would be able to 



meet national needs. But cur I 
less than 25% of the men rec 
draft age each year are neei 
the armed forces. Draft call 
have little effect on college t 
ment when undergraduate 
ments are phased out. 

Dr. Tarr, Director of Sel 
Service, discovered another r 
for eliminating undergraduo * 
ferments last year when he % 
U. S. fighting men in Vie 1 
Many of the men he talkea 
were college graduates. Co 
ently these men reported th\ 
jobs they had been assigned d 
challenge their intellectual c 
ity or utilize their academic e 



ence. 

In addition, many returnir 
erans who have had some ) 
education decide to continue 
studies, and they do so with pe 
a deeper sense of directioi 
commitment. These men ha 
advantage of financial help th 
the G.I. Bill. 



RESERVE PROGRAM REORGANIZED 



ie Selective Service Reserve officer program is 
ing streamlined to provide the trained person- 
1 required to operate the System in the event 
a national emergency, without exceeding cur- 
it budgetary constraints. After months of 
instaking study, procedures have been adopted 
accomplish the necessary reorganization with 
minimum of inconvenience to individual 
ficers. 

A total of 850 Reserve and National Guard 
icers will ultimately constitute our inactive 
itus reserve force. With current strength at 
00, it is estimated that this force level will be 
iched by 1975 through normal attntion (prin- 
ially in the form of retirements under the 
ovisions of the Reserve Officer Personnel Act), 
new accessions are programmed at one-half 
e rate of loss. 

The National Guard Bureau has indicated 
at the Guard will reduce to 357 inactive status 
ational Guard Selective Service officers com- 
ised of sections of from 5 to 12 officers each, 
ie primary mission of the 52 National Guard 
ctions will be to support or replace state head- 
larters personnel. Individual National Guard 
ficers will be slotted into specific positions in 
ie states' mobilization manning documents 



and trained accordingly by the state directors. 

Nine Reserve units will be designated as legal 
units to support each of the regional attorneys, 
who will train them. These units will be located 
in Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Los Ange- 
les, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Francisco, and 
Seattle. Legal units in service center cities will 
have a service center section attached, made up 
of officers with suitable skills to support each of 
the service centers. These sections will be 
trained by the service center administrators. 

Reserve units in Birmingham, Montgomery, 
Johnson City and a new unit to be established in 
Charleston, West Virginia will be designated as 
relocation units to support the relocation sites. 
They will be trained by the state directors 
concerned. 

A National Headquarters Reserve unit will 
help support that activity and will be trained by 
National Headquarters personnel. 

Fifty-one existing Reserve units will be redes- 
ignated as mobilization units consisting of an 
average of 6 officers each, trained and cross- 
trained to perform mobilization duties in a state 
headquarters or any other Selective Service 
activity. This standard unit will facilitate the 
immediate movement of the required number 



of personnel by units or individually to any loca- 
tion requiring support at any time. Training will 
be supervised by the unit commanders, in- 
spected by the State Inspectors, and during train- 
ing assemblies the units will be available to state 
directors for utilization at board groups, co-loca- 
tion sites and at local boards in their areas. 

Plans call for the deactivation of 21 Reserve 
units on a gradual basis. These units will con- 
tinue to function at their present locations under 
the training supervision of their state directors 
until they have attrited to 2 members. At that 
time the units will be deactivated and the re- 
maining members will have the option of join- 
ing another unit or being reassigned to some 
other reserve program. The units scheduled for 
deactivation are at Austin, Baton Rouge, Bis- 
mark, Casper, Cedar Rapids, Cincinnati, Denton, 
Greensboro, Gulfport, Hagerstown, Lexington, 
Milwaukee, Montpelier, Nashville, Pueblo, 
Reno, Richmond, Salem, Santa Cruz, Topeka 
and Wilkes-Barre. These units were located in 
areas that may be supported by the continuing 
units and National Guard sections. So far as 
possible, units were selected that permit officers 
conveniently to join another unit when their 
units are deactivated. 



RELEASE OF INFO: DO'S AND DON'TS 



Concern has been expressed at National 
Headquarters recently regarding the release 
of information in registrant files. As the regu- 
lations state (Section 1606), information in a 
registrant's file may be disclosed or furnished 
only to: the registrant or anyone with written 
authority dated and signed by the registrant; 
the legal representative of a dead or incompe- 
tent registrant, or where there is no legal 
representative, his next of kin ; all System 
personnel while carrying out their functions; 



any other individual employed by federal, 
state or local government authorized by the 
state or National Selective Service Director. 

Information that is public about a regis- 
trant is that which is contained in the Clas- 
sification Record (SSS Form 102): his Selective 
Service number, name, birthdate, classifica- 
tion and classification date, and the dates his 
Classification Questionnaire was mailed and 
returned. 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by 
the Director of the Bureau ot the Budget. August 7. 1 96a 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information be- 
tween National Headquarters and other components of 
the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the 
Military Selective Service Act. or any other acts of 
Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to Office of 
Public Information. National Headquarters, Selective 
Service System. 1724 F Street. N.W.. Washington. D. C. 
20435. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 
U, S. Government Printing Office. Washington. D. C. 
20402 - price 1 cents (single copy). Subscription Price: 
$1 00 per year; 25 cents for foreign mailing. 



Mens' Lib Comes to Selective Service 



.eturning home after serving in the military can 
e a drag. For some veterans it means no job, 
inemployment insurance, and all-in-all, quite a 
epressing situation. 
But 12 returning vets can now look to their 
omecoming more pleasantly. They have been 
mployed by Selective Service, at jobs using 
kills they acquired either before or during serv- 
x. Under the provisions of Executive Order 
1521, Authorizing Veterans Readjustment Ap- 
ointments for Veterans of the Vietnam Era, 
igned by President Nixon on March 26, 1970, 
hese men are working as clerk typists. 

Four of the recently appointed veterans work 
n Pennsylvania local boards. Some of their 
ecent comments about their jobs: "I really love 
t." "I can relate to the registrants— I have a lot in 
ommon with them." "I like paper work and 
saming new things. Also, I meet different people 
11 the time." "The attitude of the System is 
riendly— you're accepted as part of it right away." 

Twenty-two year old Al Sinkler, a clerk typist 
Dr a Philadelphia board, was out of a job for 
nore than half a year after finishing his three- 
r ear tour in the Army. He said he finally went to 
he Veterans Administration (VA). The Selec- 
ive Service Philadelphia supervisor had re- 
vested the VA to refer any qualified clerk 



typists to him, and, consequently, Sinkler, who 
was a personnel specialist in service, was then 
hired right away. 

Gregory D. Errington, 23, a clerk typist in the 
Clearfield, Perm., local board, was trained as a 
stenographer, clerk typist, and public informa- 
tion specialist in the Army. After going back to 
his pre-service job as a signal man for the B and 
O Railroad, he received a call from a Selective 
Service field supervisor who asked him if he 
would like to be a clerk typist. Errington began 
his Selective Service job at the end of August. He 
says he surprises some of the registrants. "My 
hair isn't exactly short." 

Gerald F. Martin, 24, was wounded in Viet- 
nam. While he did get a job with J. C. Penney's 
after service, he found that he could not keep up 
with the work because of his physical condition. 
He heard of his Selective Service clerk typist job 
at the Bristol, Pennsylvania draft board through 
the Pennsylvania Unemployment Agency. 
Martin, who got married the day after he was 
officially out of the Marines, was qualified for 
the job, having taken business courses in high 
school and having worked in an office while in 
service after he got wounded. 

Accompanied by his wife and two children, 
Ronald ]. Thompson, 22, reported to his Harris- 
burg Pennsylvania draft board after his release 



from the Army. His board is located in the same 
building as Pennsylvania State Headquarters. 
After mentioning that his next stop was the un- 
employment office, he was sent upstairs to talk 
with State Director Robert D. Ford. Three days 
later he began work at the Lemoyne, Pennsyl- 
vania draft board. 

Pennsylvania Director Ford said the state tries 
to identify veterans who are qualified clerk 
typists from Department of Defense Form 214's, 
Armed Forces of the United States Report of 
Transfer or Discharge. He said the state plans to 
hire more veterans, including part-time help 
wanting to attend college. 

Unquestionably, the veteran employees are 
an asset to the System because of their experi- 
ence in the military, as well as their ability to 
relate to their contemporaries. Veterans may be 
employed, without taking the competitive civil 
service examination, if they served in the U. S. 
Armed Forces during the Vietnam era, have not 
completed more than 14 years of education, and 
have been separated from the service for less 
than one year. Under the provisions of Executive 
Order 1 1521, a veteran may be appointed to up 
to a GS-3 without taking the competitive civil 
service exam. After two years of employment, 
he can then be converted to career-conditional 
or career employment, with competitive status. 



OUR DIRECTORS THROUGH THE YEARS 




James 



Brig. Gen. 
ohn Preston 




Maj. Gen. 
Enoch H. Crowder 



Clarence A. 
Dykstra 




Gen. 
Lewis B. Hershey 



Dr. Curtis W. Tarr 




MAJ. GEN. JAMES B. FRY 

Headed Federal Draft 

General Fry served as Provost 
Marshal General of the United 
States from March 1863 to Au- 
gust 1866. This position auto- 
matically made him head of the 
draft and responsible for raising 
troops for the Union Army. 

Following graduation from the 
United States Military Academy 
August 1, 1847, General Fry 
served in various assignments 
until 1 854. That year he returned 
to the Military Academy to be- 
come adjutant of the academy 
under the then superintendent, 
Robert E. Lee, who was destined 
to lead the Confederate forces. 
He was subsequently appointed 
a captain in the Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, served as Chief of 
Staff under McDowell during the 
Bull Run Campaign and later 
under Buell with the Army of 
Ohio. He retired after completion 
of 34 years' service. 



CLARENCE A. DYKSTRA 

1st Director, World War II 

Doctor Dykstra took leave from 
his post as president of the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin to serve as 
Director of Selective Service 
from October 15, 1940, to April 
1 1, 1941. He resigned as Director 
of Selective Service to accept the 
position of Chairman of the Na- 
tional Defense Mediation Board. 
He served in the position from 
April 1941 to June 1941. 

After his graduation from the 
University of Iowa in 1903, 
Doctor Dykstra earned numer- 
ous higher degrees. He instructed 
at numerous private schools and 
universities. He was city manager 
of Cincinnati, Ohio, from 1930 
until 1937, when he became 
president of the University of 
Wisconsin at Madison. 

Doctor Dykstra died in May of 
1950, after serving as provost of 
the University of California. 



-1971 



BRIG. GEN. 
JOHN PRESTON 

Headed Confederate Draft 

General Preston served from 
August 1863 to March 1865 as 
the third and last superintendent 
of the Bureau of Conscription, 
which was under the Adjutant 
and Inspector General's Office 
in the Confederate States' War 
Department. 

The first head of the Confed- 
erate States' Bureau of Conscrip- 
tion was Brig. Gen. Gabriel J. 
Rains who served from April 
1862 to May 1863. He was suc- 
ceeded by Brig. Gen. Charles W. 
Field, who served from June 1 863 
to July 1863. 

After attending the University 
of Virginia and the Harvard Law 
School, General Preston oper- 
ated Louisiana sugar plantations, 
acquired considerable wealth, 
and was known as one of the out- 
standing orators of the Old South. 
He became a commissioner in 
Virginia in 1861 and was a fore- 
most advocate of secession. 



GEN. LEWIS B.HERSHEY 

2nd Director, World War II 
— Viet Nam Era 

General Hershey was appointed 
Deputy Director on December 
19, 1940, after having served as 
executive officer, and was ap- 
pointed Director July 31, 1941. 

The General was reassigned as 
Advisor to the President on 
Manpower Mobilization on Feb- 
ruary 15, 1970, and was tempo- 
rarily succeeded by Col. Dee 
Ingold, a member of his staff. 

Hershey enlisted as a private 
in the Indiana National Guard in 
1911 and was at the Mexican 
border in 1916 in the capacity of 
2d Lieutenant. He was again 
called to active duty in World 
War I as a national guardsman, 
served overseas, and in 1 920 was 
commissioned in the Regular 
Army. 

He was assigned to the War 
Dept. General Staff in 1936, and 
from 1936 to 1940 served as 
secretary and executive officer of 
the Joint Army and Navy Selec-' 
tive Service Committee, which 
formulated the plans and set up 
the tentative organization which 
enabled Selective Service to be- 
gin operating so quickly and 
efficiently in September of 1940. 



MAJ. GEN. 
ENOCH H. CROWDI 

Head of World War I d\ 

General Crowder served a 
vost Marshal General 
United States from May 1 
July 1919. In this position! 
responsible for operation i 
draft during World War L 
eral Crowder was later aw 
the Distinguished Service! 
for his outstanding perforl 
as Provost Marshal Generj 
General Crowder grai 
from the U. S. Military Aq 
in 1881. He was assigned 
Judge Advocate branch in 
and later served as Judge 
cate of the expeditionary 
in the War with Spain an 
later detailed to the provi 
Cuban government durin 
second Cuban interventio 
held the office of Judge Ad> 
General from June 1911 ui 
retirement in 1923. Aft! 
retirement from the An; 
served as American Amba! 
to Cuba. 



DR. CURTIS W. TAI 
Director 

Present Director 

Dr. Curtis W. Tarr becan 
Director of Selective Serv 
April 6, 1970, after serv 
Assistant Secretary of til 
Force (Manpower and Ri 
Affairs) since 1969. 

During World War II, D 
served as an enlisted man 
Army. He then received 
in economics from Stanfon 
versity, an M.B.A. from Ha 
and a Ph.D. in American H 
from Stanford. 

Dr. Tarr has had a vari 
professional experiences, b 
a research assistant and 
tor at the Harvard Gn 
School of Business (1950 
Vice President of the 
Tractor and Equipment Coi 
in California (1952-195 
staff member of the S 
Hoover Commission 
1955), a Republican can 
for the Congress in the S 
District of California in 19 
assistant dean and lectu 
Stanford, and Preside 
Lawrence University in / 
ton, Wisconsin, 1963-1969 



( 




WASHINGTON, D. C. • JANUARY-FEBRUARY 1972 



Selective Seruice MEWS 



lYIHIx u u | jr cr 



MVREIJEASES 
PANDED 

mg from the military man- 
strength limitations dictated 
igress in an amendment re- 
Dthe 1971 draft amendments, 
my has announced a major 
>ion of its early release pro- 
To reach the 892,000 man- 
limitation by the end of 
)0, the Army announced its 
Ded program on December 
! most significant new release 
ons, which are to be effec- 
rough June 1972, are these: 
day mandatory early re- 
except for Europe, where the 
elease will be a limit of 150 
ind Vietnam, where the limit 
120 days. 

/oluntary discharge at port 
3tnam returnees with more 
x and less than twelve months 
ling in their terms of service. If 
men or women have served 
nan 18 months, they must 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 




The System gets its first 18-year-old draft 
board member on November 30. Michael 
A. Simmons, right, of Marysville, Pennsyl- 
vania is sworn in to his new volunteer 
position by Governor Milton Shapp, cen- 
ter. Pennsylvania State Director Robert O. 
Ford looks on. Stated Mr. Ford, "Mike is 
accepting a great deal of responsibility . . . 
He has the opportunity to prove that a 
young man of 18 can become an active 



responsible member of government." At 
National Headquarters. Or Tarr comment- 
ed about the historical event. "We do not 
foresee widespread appointments of 18- 
year-olds to local draft boards But we are 
proud to have Mike active in Selective 
Se vice. IVc are confident that we wilt 
materially lower the average age of our lo- 
cal boards by the appointment of younger 
members" 



ES 4 SPANISH SlfiNAMEO CREATES NEW POSITION 

of the National Honor Society in 
high school, works in a collocated 
board office in Hartford. Mrs. Debo- 
rah J. Dominguez, a Negro who ac- 
quired herSpanish surname through 
marriage, also works at the Hart- 
ford board office. 

"We allow for future flexibility," 
explained Director Palomba, "by 
remaining one position below our 
authorized total, thus leaving room 
for the hire of a minority representa- 
tive as soon as one who is qualified 
appears in hiring position. Our 
employment program does not suf- 
fer meanwhile, because we replace 
on a one-for-one basis through 
normal attrition." 



IIIM SMI 
IHIIOIHIM* 

The Division of Manpower Adminis- 
tration has undertaken several new 
improvements. Hopefully sometime 
in February, a Manpower Adminis- 
tration Policies and Programs Pro- 
cedures Manual will be distributed 
to local boards. The manual will 
replace the current Administration 
("Ad Min") Bulletins. New "Ad Min" 
issuances will be incorporated into 
the new manual as they occur. A 
training conference in the use of 
the manual will be held in April for 
service center and state headquar- 
ters personnel. 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



It doesn't always pay to have an unpublished 
telephone number. Director Tarr's current home 
phone number is unpublished. However, the 
telephone company failed to remove his old 
number from the current directory, and further, 
assigned the number to another subscriber, 
who had requested an unpublished number. 
After receiving more than 140 calls in one even- 
ing from California, the unfortunate subscriber 
is getting a new number. The old number is 
being retired! 



NEWREGlft£ft1ff£ 
CONCERNING 



Published in the Federal Register 
on January 12 for public review 
were the following proposed regu- 
lations concerning personal ap- 
pearance and appeal procedures, 
and a few other matters As of press 
time, these new provisions were ex- 
pected to become effective in mid- 
February. Until their effective date, 
there is a moratorium on all Selec- 
tive Service personal appearance 
and appeal board actions. Regula- 
tions concerning personal appear- 
ances and appeals were originally 
prepublished in the Federal Regis- 
ter in early November, along with 
other regulations which became ef- 
fective on December 10. However, 
those concerning appeals were 
withheld from final ization to be 
further evaluated. 

APPEARANCE BEFORE LOCAL 
BOARD AND APPEAL BOARDS 

Personal appearances before a quo- 
rum of a local board and any appeal 
board will be allowed upon written 
request. A registrant will be en- 
titled to such time for his personal 
appearance as is reasonably nec- 
essary. Normally, this will be 15 
minutes. If he fails to report for a 
personal appearance, he will be 
given five days (or more if his fail- 
ure to appear was beyond his con- 
trol) to submit acceptable reasons 
for his failure to appear. A registrant 
will be entitled to bring up to three 
witnesses to his personal appear- 
ance before his local board. 

REQUEST FOR PERSONAL 
APPEARANCE OR APPEAL 

A registrant will have 15 days from 
the date on his latest Notice of 
Classification (SSS Form 110) in 
which to request a personal appear- 
ance or an appeal. Local boards 
may extend the 15-day limit when 
they are satisfied that the regis- 
trant's failure to make his request 
was due to some cause beyond his 
control. For appeals not involving 
a personal appearance, appeal 
boards will delay consideration un- 
til at least 30 days after the mailing 
of the latest Form 110. 

PRE-DECISION APPEARANCE 

FOR CO AND HARDSHIP 

REQUESTS 

A pre-decision personal appear- 
ance before a local board for regis- 
trants who request CO or hardship 
classifications will be permitted. 
However, registrants who elect a 
pre-decision personal appearance 




USPEIUSE 

URRYING 
CESS 



ABOUT THE NEW 
DRAFT AMENDMENTS 
TO KEEP UP WITH 
MANY CHANGES 

WITH NUMEROUS 
REFORMS 



January 



President Nixon sends to Congress 
his recommendations for the 1971 
amendments to draft law. His three 
major proposals: —extension of 
authority to induct men not pre- 
viously deferred until July 1, 1973 
—authority to phase out student 
deferments— authority to establish 
a Uniform National Call. 

National Headquarters completes 
its reorganization, reducing the 
number of divisions reporting di- 
rectly to the Director and giving 
added responsibility to the assist- 
ant deputy director and the six-man 
management team. 

A System-wide training program is 
launched with the creation of a 
small Training Department at Na- 
tional. By the fall, a network of a 
training specialist in practically 
every state is established. 

Director Tarr revitalizes the Sys- 
tem's Equal Employment Opportun- 
ity program by appointing afull-time 
Equal Employment Opportunity Di- 
rector, who is also the Deputy Man- 
power Administrator. By the end of 
1971, we have state directors who 
are minority persons serving in 
the District of Columbia, Virginia, 
Massachusetts, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, 
the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the 
Canal Zone. The number of minority 
group members employed by the 
System increased from 9% to 1 0.8% 
in the compensated area from May 
1970 to May 1971. From Dec. 1970 
to July 1971 there was an 11.9% 
increase in the uncompensated 
area, and a 16.1% increase in the 
number of women board members. 

Distribution begins of Curriculum 
Guide to the Draft to 23,000 high 
schools, and of Counselors News- 
letter to 1 ,700 draft counselors. 

Effective January 1 , we have three 
new state directors. In Illinois, Mr. 
Dean S. Sweet, a Reservist, replaces 
Mr. John H. Hammack, who retires 
as state director and serves as 
deputy director for a short while. In 
Texas, where former Director Colo- 
nel Morris Schwartz died last year, 
Colonel Melvin N. Glantz, who has 
served in Selective Service since 
1962, is appointed Director. Mr. 
Ernest D. Fears, the first Negro to 
serve in this capacity in the con- 
tinental United States, becomes the 
new director in Virginia, replacing 
Capt. Charles L Kessler, who re- 
tires after 11 years of service as 
state director. 



Toward the end of the month, two 
more new state directors take office. 
In Alabama, Mr. Hugh S. Caldwell, 
who retired as state director and 
became an inspector with our In- 
spection Services in Denver, is re- 
placed by Mr. Felix R. Petrey. Mas- 
sachusetts sees Mr. Victor C. Bynoe, 
who was a Reservist for many years, 
take over as director. He replaces 
Mr. John C. Carr, state director 
since 1964, whose retirement be- 
comes official in June. 

The first introductory report con- 
cerning the intent of the computer- 
ized Registrant Information Bank 
is published. 

Dr. Tarr advises that he will favor- 
ably consider for appointment as 
advisors to registrants qualified 
persons under age 30. 

State directors are advised that an 
induction order wi 1 1 not be cancel led 
prior to the date a registrant enlists, 
and are asked to authorize enlist- 
ments under certain conditions. 



February 



"Congressional hearings on the 
draft begin, to culminate in the 
lengthiest Congressional debate 
on the draft in U. S. history. 

As a result of budget limitations, 
the President's goal of an all-volun- 
teer force, and our continuous ef- 
forts to make the System more effec- 
tive and efficient, we launch an 
agency-wide reorganization involv- 
ing reductions in force. The project 
results in a savings of 380 full-time 
man years, representing the attrition 
of approximately 700 full-time and 
part-time employees. 

The Department of Defense levies 
Special Call No. 46 for 1,531 doc- 
tors, 77 osteopaths, and 536 den- 
tists. Later, the call for dentists is 
cancelled to give dental school 
graduates additional opportunity 
to volunteer. Upon the advice of the 
National Security Council, the Sys- 
tem considers deferments for doc- 
tors and osteopaths on the basis of 
community essentiality. 

Three more men assume state di- 
rectorships. Colonel Peter P. Pierce, 
who was with the System for 10 
years, becomes director in Florida, 
replacing Mr. Harold C. Wall, who 
began serving with Florida head- 
quarters in 1940 and who has 
passed away. In Missouri, Acting 
State Director R. E. McCain is re- 
placed by Mr. Bob M. Merrick. Lt. 
Col. McCain had replaced former 



Director Laurence B. Adams, Jr., 
who retired after serving as director 
since 1965 and who is now Mis- 
souri's Adjutant General. Alaska 
sees Lieutenant Colonel Edward G. 
Pagano, who began as deputy di- 
rector in 1966, replace Mr. Conrad 
F. Necrason, who resigned in No- 
vember 1 970. 



temporary extension of the dra 
phase-out of student defern 
and the institution of a unifon 
tional call. 



March 



A Presidential executive order is 
issued which prevents registrants 
from transferring from their own 
board to another board for induc- 
tion. However, a registrant may vol- 
unteer for induction at any AFEES 
up to three working days before his 
scheduled induction date. (LBM 
116 is consequently amended in 
June.) 

The Supreme Court rules, in the 
cases of Guy P. Gilette and Louis A. 
Negre, that conscientious objection 
to a particularwar is not grounds for 
claiming relief from military service. 

This is the month of several state 
director retirements and appoint- 
ments. In Colorado, Mr. Allen J. 
Roush, who was with the System 
since 1940 and was director since 
1968, retires, and Mr. Frederick W. 
Obitz is appointed to take his place. 
In Connecticut, Brig. Gen. Ernest E. 
Novey, who retires after 20 years as 
director, is replaced by Mr. Fred- 
erick W. Palomba. In Washington 
State, after 22 years as state direc- 
tor, Capt. Chester J. Chastek retires. 

The automated Reserve Officers In- 
formation Bank is put into operation. 

A questionnaire mailing reveals that 
more than 7,000 men and women are 
serving as volunteer registrars. 



April 



The House of Representatives 
passes and sends to the Senate 
H.R. 6531, amendments to the 
Selective Service Act, including 
Congressional renewal of the Presi- 
dent's authority to induct men not 
previously deferred, and related 
amendments. 

On April 27 and 28, some 200 dem- 
onstrators gather at the front of the 
National Headquarters building in 
Washington, D. C. in protest over 
U. S. involvement in Vietnam. The 
demonstration is headed by the 
National Peace Action Coalition. 

The Supreme Court upholds the rul- 
ing, in the case of William W. Ehlert, 
that local boards are not required to 
reopen a registrant's classification 
and act on a CO claim after the 
registrant has been mailed an in- 
duction order. 

The Defense Department ends Spe- 
cial Call No. 45 for optometrists. 

The Youth Advisory Committees, in 
a report to the Director of Selective 
Service, show strong support for a 



May 



A national approach to lawenj 
ment is fully underway by the ( 
of General Counsel. The pre 
includes providing legal exp 
and manpower to Selective Se 
state headquarters and U.l 
trict Attorneys when needed. 

An 11 -point Equal Employmer 
portunity Affirmative Action P 
sent to all state directors. The! 
respond to the plan enthusiasti 

Mr. Richard G. Marquardt bee 
director in the State of Washifi 
Colonel Henry J. Fleischacke/ 
joined the System 10 years en 
appointed director in Iowa, re 
ing Mr. Glenn R. Bowles, wh( 
director since 1955. Mr. Bowl 
appointed Manager of the 0| 
tions Division at National hi 
quarters. 

The Supreme Court rules til 
registrant's defense of error! 
classification is barred if hjl 
failed to exhaust the administl 
remedies available to himil 
Selective Service law, when! 
classification decision musj 
based on careful factual analyj 

California launches its Eol 
Corps for COs and other volunj 

An agreement is reached bet 
Selective Service and the 1 
Lawyers Section of the Am6 
Bar Association whereby ) 
lawyers are solicited to be 
advisors to registrants. (By Nd 
ber, about 100 interested lav 
names are submitted to 
directors.) 

The initial collection of data fi 
Preliminary Personnel Dataj 
tern, which provides skeletal s 
ics about the System's staff, bi 



June 



i 



On June 24 the Senate amend 
6531, resulting in28difference| 
the House of Representatives 
bill. The differences necessit 
Joint Conference Committee o 1 
Houses to iron out compromisj 

The youngest current state di| 
is appointed, 31 -year-old Mr 
ert D. Ford in Pennsylvani; 
Ford replaces Mr. Henry M. ( 
who retired in December 197C 
serving as state director f( 
years. 

The Supreme Court rules! 
Cassius Clay, Jr., also knov 
Muhammed AN, is not guilty a! 
victed four years ago of wi \, t 
refusing to submit to inductior 

Seven state directors meet" 
Director Tarr in Washington 




SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT January - February. 1972 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



PROM THE DIRECTOR' 

A considerable body of precise, technical information on 
te changes in Selective Service law and regulations already 
as been disseminated throughout the System. Missing in 
lis wealth of information, it seems to me, is a broader 
cplanation of just what brought about some of these 
xanges and why some specific changes were made. In an- 
uering the questions presented in this four-page special 
ipplement, I have tried to bring many of the specific 
ianges into sharper focus so that you can better under- 
and the reasoning behind these new policies. I hope that 
lis series of questions and answers will prove of value to 
)M." Curtis W. Tarr 




I in 1969, after almost 30 years of 
change in the philosophy and poli- 
of Selective Service, President 
n asked Congress for authority to 
tute a lottery system as the first 
in a series of major draft reforms. 

'hy do you believe that the President de- 
to ask for authority to institute the 
lottery system? 

1969, the major problem in Selective 
ce was that the law required us to take 
Idest man first from the pool of young 
19 to 26. This meant that registrants 
exposed to the possibility of call for 7 
, a time when they would normally be 
ing about marriage and a permanent 
Equity demanded that we do the re- 
take the youngest men first. The lot- 
became the means by which we could 

ide from the concerns of young men, 
were also valid reasons for the armed 
s to want younger men. The older the 
the less likely that he will accept the 
:ns of military service, both emotional 
Physical. 

as the lottery system been successful? 
believe it has. I have talked with many 
g men in the armed forces who assured 
hat it is much better to gauge your lia- 
by random sequence number than to 
seven years before your future becomes 
. 1 have every reason to believe that the 
:e of the youngest man first has helped 
rmed forces. 



Nixon decided on these policy changes? 

A: The greater the manpower pool from 
which young men are drawn, the greater the 
feeling of equity by those who are selected. I 
am sure the President had this concern for 
equity in mind. Obviously, the larger the 
pool, the lower the random sequence num- 
ber used to fill a particular call. 

There are two other considerations, of 
course, that are important. The first of these 
brings into question the historic policy of 
channeling by which Selective Service was 
used to divert manpower in times of full mo- 
bilization into jobs that needed doing. By the 
device of channeling, young men were en- 
couraged to accept difficult jobs that other- 
wise would be undesirable. With few men 
being called into the armed forces, there 
seemed little need to continue channeling. 

The other factor related to the draft as a 
cause for paternity. The President told me, 
when we talked about this matter in 1970, 
that he saw no reason to maintain a provi- 
sion of the draft that might provide an in- 
centive to young men to marry when other- 
wise they would not do so, and to become 
parents when otherwise they had no desire 
for that responsibility. 

Early in 1971, President Nixon asked 
Congress for several major changes in 
Selective Service legislation. After the 
longest debate on the draft in the his- 
tory of Congress, the bill was passed by 
Congress and signed into law by the 
President. 

Q: Why do you believe the President asked 
Congress to extend the induction authority 
for two years rather than the traditional four 
years? 



A: I believe he thought doing so would em- 
phasize his sincere desire to bring about an 
all-volunteer force as early as possible. I had 
favored continuing the authority of the Pres- 
ident to induct even when the Sj stem was on 
standby because the President could react in 
time of emergency rather than await the au- 
thorization by Congress. But others felt this 
would detract from the sincerity the Presi- 
dent wished to convey. He agreed with the 
latter view and therefore asked for a two- 
year extension. Also there was serious ques- 
tion whether the Congress in 1971 would 
have extended his authority to induct longer 
than two years, regardless of his wishes. 

Q: Why do you believe the President asked 
Congress for the authority to phase out stu- 
dent deferments? 

A: Many of us who work with young people 
believe that too many men have gone to col- 
lege for the wrong reason, to avoid immedi- 
ate exposure to the draft rather than to seek 
an education. 

There was considerable feeling that if col- 
lege youth were required to serve, the earlier 
they did so the better. Many educators for- 
merly had questioned whether an undergrad- 
uate career should be interrupted, and thus 
they recommended postponing a man's serv- 
ice until he had completed his undergraduate 
work. But increasingly, young men often 
have become restless in college and for these 
some break in the academic routine is ap- 
propriate. Furthermore, larger numbers of 
our college graduates continue to graduate 
school now than ever before. Thus, it seemed 
that a break in the undergraduate years was 
no more difficult for a young man to face 
than an interruption between undergraduate 



the American Council on Education in 1970 
approved the termination of undergraduate 
student deferments. With that endorsement, 
the President felt free to go ahead on some- 
thing that he always has believed would be 
an improvement in the entire process of Se- 
lective Service. Thus he asked Congress to 
give him authority to cease granting under- 
graduate student deferments. 

Q: Why do you believe the President asked 
Congress for authority to institute a uniform 
national call system for inducting men into 
the military services? 

A: Primarily, there were two reasons for this: 
First, registrants have lacked confidence 
in the lottery when various boards had such 
uneven experience in balancing calls with 
random sequence numbers. To fill a call in a 
particular month, one board might use an 
RSN twice as high as another board in a 
neighboring state. We in the System under- 
stood the reasons for the discrepancy, but 
we could not always convince our registrants 
that we had done what the President prom- 
ised we would do. The uniform national call 
made it possible for us to silence these com- 
plaints. 

Second, the quotas language in section 
5(b) of the law has proven difficult to admin- 
ister ever since the early days of World 
War II. Congressmen could not understand 
why we could give only indirect credit for 
service in the armed forces. While we have 
been defended successfully in court on this 
point, we could achieve a greater measure of 
fairness and avoid legal problems with the 
uniform national call. 

It seemed clear that the uniform national 
call was the logical outgrowth of random se- 
lection, and the President was convinced of 
the merits of our case when we proposed this 
reform. 

Q: In addition to the three major changes re- 
quested by President Nixon, Congress put 
several additional changes into the 1971 
amendments. Among other things, Congress 
gave new procedural rights to registrants, in- 
cluding the right to personal appearances be- 
fore a quorum of the local board and appeal 
boards, the right to bring witnesses to local 
board personal appearances, and the right to 
receive the reasons for adverse classification 
actions. Why do you believe Congress took 
these actions? 

A: Congress undoubtedly sought to provide 
young people with as many additional rea- 
sonable safeguards as possible so that no one 
would be brought into the service against his 
will without sufficient opportunity to state 
his case before members of a local and ap- 
peal board. The insistence upon a quorum 
was a natural expression of this view. Per- 
sonal appearances before appeal boards and 
the Presidential appeal board will be more 
difficult for us, although I believe our system 
will operate reasonably well under these pro- 
visions. A more difficult problem for our ap- 
peal boards will be the right of a young man to 
arrange his appearance, given the location in 
which the board must meet. The problem of 
witnesses in local board personal appear- 



of Congress wanted to permit a registrant to 
be represented by a lawyer, if he chose. I 
think the provision that he can bring wit- 
nesses when appearing before his local board 
was a reasonable compromise. 



"There is a great deal of sympathy for families where th\ 
ultimate loss of a member has been sustained. " 



One of the difficulties in providing a writ- 
ten statement of the reasons the board has 
declined a registrant's request is that we de- 
part from the philosophy of a board of 
neighbors determining who should go in to the 
armed forces. Instead we are moving toward 
an adversary proceeding in which a consid- 
erable number of legal safeguards are as- 
sured. My personal feeling is that if the local 
board deliberation becomes an adversary 
proceeding, then the only man who will be 
chosen to serve will be the one who feels that 
he has lost his case. 

Q: Why do you believe Congress amended the 
age and length of service limits for local and 
appeal board members? 

A: Congressmen felt that some terminal age 
was appropriate, particularly in work related 
to young people. I have no idea why they se- 
lected the age of 65 except that this age 
serves for retirement generally in many ac- 
tivities of American life. The provision of 
maximum service of 20 years may express a 
view that public service should rotate among 
citizens rather than be the exclusive respon- 
sibility of a few. 

A great deal of discussion has focused on 
the minimum age for membership on a local 
board, particularly after the acceptance of 
the constitutional amendments making it 
possible for young people to vote at age 18. I 
think this was the principal reason why Con- 
gress adopted this amendment. 

Q: Congress also expanded the sole surviving 
son exemption to include surviving sons of the 
whole blood of families in which the father, 
brother, or sister has died as a result of serv- 
ice after January 1960. Why do you believe 
Congress took this action? 
A: There is a great deal of sympathy for fam- 
ilies where the ultimate loss of a member has 
been sustained. We have compassion for 
those feelings and certainly agreed with the 
expression of them in this way. Our only res- 
ervation was that the relationship be of the 
whole blood because nearly impossible deci- 
sions of interpretation would be forced upon 
us, and ultimately upon the courts, to deter- 
mine who was a brother, or a sister, or a 
father. I think the phrase "whole blood" al- 
leviates the burden of interpretation that 
otherwise would be placed on local boards 
as a result of this amendment. 

Q: Congress also changed the requirement for 
a divinity student exemption to a mandatory 
divinity student deferment. Why do you think 
Congress took this action? 

A: The student deferment makes it possible 
for the local board to insist upon satisfactory 



Q: Congress also decided that Selective Si 
ice regulation changes should be printed 
the Federal Register at least 30 days be! 
their effective date. Why do you believe C 
gress took this action? 
A: A law of long standing requires that 
new regulations be published in the Fedi 
Register, but this law did not require a 
riod of public scrutiny prior to the time t, 
the proposed regulation would take effi 
The reason for requiring this 30-day prep 
lication is to notify all interested groups 
changes in regulations and to permit th 
persons or organizations to submit sugj 
tions for an alteration of the proposed re 
lations. When this amendment was accep 
by members of Congress, we asked the Pi 
ident to change his traditional procedure 
issuing Executive Orders for regulat 
changes so that we in the National He 
quarters could assume the initiative for [ 
posed regulations to be placed in the Fedt 
Register. Obviously, the President sho 
not issue an Executive Order that 1; 
would have to be changed as a result of sc 
public or Congressional criticism. 

The President agreed to our position: 
issued an Executive Order that permits u 
write the regulations submitted to the / 
eral Register for prepublication with the 
derstanding that, before we do so, we cii 
late the proposed changes among intere) 
Federal agencies to solicit their comment! 
changes are suggested from Federal aj 
cies, then we must recirculate to the Fed 
agencies a new draft before we prepub 
anything in the Federal Register. Likevi 
if, after our prepublication in the Fed 
Register, we receive suggestions that proi 
changes in the regulations, we must start 
procedure all over again by circulating a 
draft to Federal agencies, and once vc 
prepublishing them in the Federal Regis 
I go into this detail so that people who w 
in state headquarters and local boards m: 
understand the elaborate procedures 
quired now for regulation changes. 

Q: Following the signing into law of the t 
amendments, you proposed a series of im 
menting regulation changes. These vt 
printed in the Federal Register in early 
vember and most of them were effected 
December 10, although several sections v 
withheld for further study. One of the chai 
effected on December 10 abolished Class 
Why did you decide to abolish Class 1-Y? 
A: 1-Y was established for two classes 
men. The first are those who fail to meet 
present requirements for service but m 
be able to meet the easier requirements 



u'ld prevail in a mobilization. The second 
: those men who, for some reason, fail to 
et the standards but upon re-examination 
i later date might do so. 
\s local board workers will recall, we 
ed a difficult situation about two years 
) with calling men back to examining sta- 
is for numerous re-examinations. At one 
e, I met with state directors in the South- 
t and learned of a young man who had 
n called for his seventh preinduction 
sical examination! Other state directors 
ured me that this was not an unusual 
z. It seemed to me, then, that it was not 
it to pester a 1-Y if we could not decide 
:ther he was fit for military service by the 
jnd examination. Instructions were sent 
ocal boards thereafter to take care of this 
:ter. 

Men we wrote our new regulations, we 

jght again about those who are classified 

If a man temporarily was unable to 

t the qualifications, it seemed better to 

tinue his classification as a 1-A than to 

assify him 1-Y, and then, following the 

>rable examination, reclassify him 1-A. 

lassification introduces procedural de- 

that seem to have no real value either to 

System or to the individual, except 

far as they delay one's entrance into the 

ed forces. 

i addition, it seemed that the man who 
classified 1-Y because he failed to meet 
ent standards, was really no different 
i the 4-F. Some men have been classified 
because it was a somewhat more "popu- 
classification than 4-F. Obviously, this 
uity is not right to young men who are 
sified 4-F. Furthermore, if we faced a 
jilization, it is likely that all men, 
ther 1-Y or 4-F, would be examined 
: again to determine who was fit for jobs 
le armed forces, including limited serv- 
like that special category in the Army 
ng World War II. Taking all these fac- 
into account, it seemed to us thatClassi- 
ion 1-Y no longer served a useful pur- 
, and we decided to abolish it. 

four December 10 regulations also es- 
ished a new administrative holding classi- 
ion called 1-H. What were vour reasons 
stablishing 1-H? 

Jnder random selection, many men will 
high numbers that make them virtually 
Inerable to call. It seemed unreasonable 
ithhold some kind of official assurance 
tern of this fact. Furthermore, it did not 
:ar worthwhile to expect local boards to 
ess these high numbered men, and 
bby inconvenience them, unless an emer- 
y arose. The 1-H classification became 
means of accomplishing those advan- 
i, 

te 1-H classification first will be granted 
tnistratively by the board, meaning that 
registrant will not be able to contest it. A 
ire of the 1-H classification is that a reg- 
nt may not insist upon a consideration 
reclassification into conscientious ob- 
)n or hardship until the board considers 
(classification from 1-H to 1-A. 



Obviously, much of our work at the local 
board level relates to pleas for conscientious 
objection or hardship. We look forward to 
the smoothness that this new classification 
will bring to the proceedings' in local board 
offices and to the deliberations of local 
board members. 

Q: Vour December 10 regulations also re- 
moved the right of a registrant's family mem- 
ber, or his employer, to request a deferment 
or an exemption for him. Why did you make 
this policy change? 

A: Implicit in the constitutional amendment 
permitting young men and women to vote at 
age 18 is the assumption that young people 
have attained, bj this age, some of the status 
of adults before the law. During World War 
II, I believe the assumption was that an 18- 
year-old was a boy or a young man, but not 
an adult. This philosophy now has been al- 
tered; certainly in our society, we consider 
the 18-year-old in many ways to be an adult 
capable of conducting most of his own af- 
fairs without parental or adult supervision. 

With this in mind, it seemed well for us to 
eliminate the paternalism that was involved 
by the intervention of others in a registrant's 
case. Some people have questioned whether 
this philosophy could prevail in a mobiliza- 
tion. For instance, it might be in the young 
man's interest to join one of the armed serv- 
ices during a national emergency but it 
might be in his employer's interest, and also 
in the interest of the American people, for 
him to stay at a less glamorous job. In a full 
mobilization this complaint may be valid, 
and under those circumstances our regula- 
tions again should be changed to the advan- 
tage of the American society . 

Presently, however, when we do not seek 
to channel people into jobs and when we 
have removed nearly all occupational defer- 
ments, I think our recently adopted view is 
correct. 

Q: Why did you decide that the minimum re- 
quired period of notification to a registrant of 
his induction be lengthened from 10 to 30 
days? 



peal agent position? 

A: The government appeal agent was abol- 
ished because he served the legal needs of 
local board members and he also gave coun- 
sel to registrants. Members of the American 
Bar Association told us that they no longer 
could accept this dual responsibility of the 
government appeal agent. They virtually in- 
sisted that we change his role so that he 
would either report to the local board or be 
the counselor, not both. Instead, we have 
continued the position of "advisor to regis- 
trants," a person who has the responsibility 
to counsel young men about their rights and 
obligations 

Many people have reasoned that we 
should allow advisors to registrants to re- 
open classifications. I did not permit this. 
The only justification for granting the gov- 
ernment appeal agent this unusual authority 
was because he had a responsibility to the 
local board as well as to the registrant, and 
thereby he could balance the needs of the in- 
dividual against the background of the deci- 
sion by the board. The advisor to registrants 
does not have this dual responsibility and 
thus should not have the unusual power to 
reopen. 

Q: In the 1971 amendments. Congress trans- 
ferred the responsibility for the 1-0 alternate 
service program from the local board to the 
National Director. In the regulations effected 
on December 10th, there were many imple- 
menting changes. Why did you make the nu- 
merous changes in the 1-0 alternate service 
program? 

A: I believe the members of Congress felt 
that the work program was not a national 
program when it was administered by local 
boards according to differing criteria. We 
have made state directors responsible for the 
initiative on alternate service programs, and 
we have relieved local boards of much of the 
administrative work that heretofore they had 
in placing 1-0 registrants. 

One thing we have tried to do in our new 
regulations is to make 1-0 and 1-A regis- 
trants comparable. The General Counsel has 



"... we consider the 18-year-old in many ways to be an 
adult capable of conducting most of his own affairs without 
parental or adult supervision. " 



A: We had several reasons. First, a regis- 
trant often is not aware of his induction un- 
til many days after the local board has 
mailed him an order to report. This particu- 
larly is so if he is traveling or living away 
from his latest address. 

Next, it seemed obvious that many young 
men, even with timely notice, could not ar- 
range their affairs within a few days to make 
such a complete departure from the past as is 
required by induction into the Army. To 
compensate for this, many boards have ex- 
tended the time required for a person to re- 
port from the mandatory 10 days to a longer 
period. We thought that equity for all regis- 
trants would be served better by making this 
mandatory period a longer time. 
Q: Why did you abolish the government ap- 



warned me that the courts will expect us to 
treat these young men as nearly the same as 
possible. The spirit of our regulation changes 
attempts to carry this out. 

Under the new regulations, a job will be 
reviewed by the state director. It will be sent 
to National Headquarters for review in tie 
event the state director does not approve aid 
the 1-0 registrant requests the review. This is 
an attempt to carry out what seemed to le 
the requirement of the law. 

The guidelines we have placed on alter- 
nate service job placement seem reasonabb 
to me, given the larger requirement for plac- 
ing the many young men being granted con- 
scientious objector status. The recent inter 
pretations by the courts are more libera 
than formerly was the case. Many mort 



young men are eligible now tor classilication 
as conscientious objectors who could not be 
considered by local board members before 
the Seeger case in 1965 or the Welsh case in 
1970. We hope our guidelines are realistic 
with respect to the volume of placement that 
we face. 

Finally, the 330 day limit is an attempt to 
sci a terminal point for the exposure of a 
young man for placement in alternate serv- 
ice just as we have made a terminal date for 
the exposure of a registrant in extended 
priority. 

Q: Another major group of regulation changes 
was published in the Federal Register on Jan- 
uary 12, 1972. For the most part, these pro- 
posed regulations deal with procedures for 
personal appearances and appeals. Why did 
you decide that the time limit in which a reg- 
istrant must request a personal appearance or 
an appeal will be shortened from a rigid thirty 
days to an extendable fifteen days? 

A: Actually, we divided the thirty-day pe- 
riod into two fifteen-day periods. The first 
fifteen-day period is for the registrant to no- 
tify his local board that he wishes a personal 
appearance before his local 'board or that 
he wishes to appeal. We felt that if the regis- 
trant wanted to take this action, he certainly 
could make up his mind within fifteen days, 
even if he had to talk with counselors before 
deciding. We agree that this fifteen-day pe- 
riod cannot be rigid for many reasons, in- 
cluding health, travel, and the uncertainties 
of mail service. Thus we made the period ex- 
tendable by the local board if they believe 
the circumstances favor an extension. 

The second fifteen-day period is for the 
local board to notify the man of the'date and 
time of his appearance before the local 
board or one of the appeal boards, as the 
case might be. We have been criticized for 
shortening the thirty-day period to fifteen 
days; in fact, we have provided two fifteen- 
day periods with the first extendable for 
good cause. 

Q: Why did you propose that a registrant will 
be able to request a personal appearance be- 
fore his local board prior to the board's deci- 
sion on his conscientious objection or hardship 
deferment request? 

A: A man who makes a plea for conscien- 
tious objection or a hardship deferment now 
will be able to appear either before the 
board makes a decision or following it. It 
seemed to me that some registrants would 
prefer to make the appearance before the 
boird considered the facts of the case and 
cane to a decision. The new procedure 
meikes possible at the local board what will 
tak place at the appeal boards. 

Q:[Why did you propose that a registrant who 
re eives a postponement of induction author- 
ize by you, the state director, or issued in 
oiler for him to complete a school term or 
yor, will be able to receive consideration for 
classification change until 30 to 40 days 
pi or to his actual induction date? 

Our regulations on the time in which a 
registrant could request a classification 
lange assumed formerly that the postpone- 



ment wouia oe snort ana mat tne conamons 
of the case would not change. We now are 
granting much longer postponements, partic- 
ularly so for Peace Corps service and for 
those who receive orders to report for induc- 
tion after a semester in a college or univer- 
sity already has started. I think it is unreal- 
istic for us to assume that the facts of a 
registrant's case always will remain the same 
during these long periods. Furthermore, we 
believe that the courts would not agree to 
our limitation on post-induction order claims, 
particularly in the case of long delays. 
Q: Do you think there is going to be any ma- 
terial change in the number of CO claims be- 
cause of this new provision? 
A: Although many registrants who have long 
postponements may in fact make pleas for 
conscientious objection, I doubt that it will 
influence the number of people who are 
granted conscientious objector status by local 
boards. The pleas for conscientious objection 
are a function of those numbers of men 
called for induction. If our calls remain low, 
then fewer people will make claims for con- 
scientious objection. We have every reason 
to believe that our 1-H classification system 
will reduce the numbers of people who claim 
conscientious objection. Finally, we know 
that those who are involved in college work 
are the ones primarily who claim conscien- 
tious objection. As the years go by, fewer 
registrants will be those who have been 
graduated from college. My guess is that our 
numbers of registrants granted conscientious 
objection by local boards will not grow de- 
spite the new regulations. 

Q: Beginning with the President's request to 
Congress for the authority to institute a draft 
lottery, there have been almost three years of 
continuous change in Selective Service poli- 
cies. Do you foresee any additional major pol- 
icy changes in the coming months? 
A: I foresee no major policy changes. 

We will adopt some new procedures, and I 
think the most important of these will be a 
new accounting system adapted to our com- 
puter and data processing system. This will 
affect few people working in our local 
boards. 

Another change that local board person- 
nel will experience shortly will be the intro- 
duction of the Registrant Processing Man- 
ual. In this manual, all of the activities of the 
local board that relate to registrants will be 
described in careful detail; all of the infor- 
mation formerly contained in regulations, in- 
structions, Local Board Memoranda, and 
various temporary letters, will be found in a 
manual with an understandable index. I 
think members of local boards will find this 
a much easier system by which they can de- 
termine specific answers to questions that 
come about in their normal work. 

Q: Concerning the future of the draft: Do you 
think the President will ask for, and Congress 
will grant, a further extension of the induction 
authority beyond June 30. 1973? 

A: 1 think the President expects to establish 
the all-volunteer force in America by July 1, 
1973. If there are emergencies that we can- 



not ioresee now, men pernaps ne win n 
be able to reach this objective. But I am ci 
tain that his hope is for the all-volunte 
force by July 1, 1973, and we in Nation 
Headquarters are making our plans on tl 
assumption. 

Q: In the event the induction authority is n 
extended, the draft will be in a standby stati 
What will be the structure, responsibility 
and function of Selective Service in 
standby structure? 

A: We cannot be certain what activities v| 
be permitted until we know the level 
which Congress and the President will fui 
our operation in standby, and until we s 
whether further changes in the law might 
introduced. Anticipating none of the lattj 
and reasonable levels of funding, we plan 1 
a standby system to provide for: (1) the ri 
istration of all young men who reach a 
eighteen, (2) an annual lottery assigning q 
istrants random sequence numbers, (3) tj 
classification to 1-A of a pool of these, a 
(4) the examination of some of these \ 
AFEES stations so that the Nation mil 
have an examined and qualified pool frt 
which to begin inductions in a partial or i 
mobilization. We are not certain that we i 
be authorized these duties, but we are mi 
ing our plans on this basis. 

Probably there will be some contraction 1 
the System owing to budgetary limitatioi 
We may of necessity go to other agencies'l 
the Federal Government or agencies of sti 
and local governments to help in the rejj 
tration process. But roughly I anticipate 
work of Selective Service on the basis I hi 
described. 

Q: Lastly, the period of major change in ) 
lective Service seems to be nearly over. If j 
can characterize the pre-1969 Selective Se 
ice as a system of great local board autonoi 
with many local board prerogatives, h 
would you characterize the Selective Serv 
System of today? 

A: Without question, our present system i 1 
national one. It is a national system in wh 
we participate in virtually every commun 
across the Nation. It is one in which we hi 
pride as Americans, primarily, and not si ' 
ply as representatives of local communiti 

As I talk with young men in the arrr 
forces, I am impressed with the relative s|s 
isfaction they express on the way in wh 
the System has transformed itself. I thife 
this transformation could not have been t * 
dertaken without an eagerness on the part 
the employees in all of the Selective Serv 
System and the loyal volunteers who 
port them so ably. Except for this dedi 
tion, we still would have a local system strijm 
gling even harder for the dwindling resp 
of our younger generation. 

In short, the work done by our people 1 
been one of the gratifying experiences of 
life, and I am grateful for the associatio 
have had with each of you in the Select 
Service System. 

Curtis W. Tarr 
January 20, 19 



ctive Service National Policy 
imittee meeting. There are sub- 
jent area state director policy 
mittee meetings. 

121 gives a registrant the right 
squest a medical reevaluation 
review, and formalizes the re- 
process. 

73 is amended, providing that 
seas registrants will be given 

port to the U.S. by military 
lift upon being selected for 
ction. 

:al of 84,000 men are inducted 
the Army during the first six 
ths, resulting in a 4,000 man 
[fall. This compares to a total 

500 inductions during the first 
nonths of 1970, which repre- 

d a 7,000 man shortfall. 

une 30. the President's author- 
o induct men not previously 
rred expires. 

June 30, the Joint Conference 
mittee of the House and the 
ite issues its compromise re- 
on the amendments to the draft 
nd related laws. 



y 1 telegram by Dr. Tarr orders 
nductions, except those au- 
:ed by Special Call, to cease 
ing enactment of the 1971 
amendments granting the 
dent regular induction author- 
Inductions under Special Call 
ater ordered stopped during 
ame period.) 

n gets a new state director, Mr. 
izo C. Aflague. a Guam native 

served as deputy director 
! 1964. Mr. Aflague replaces 
*ntonio Q. Sablan, who retires. 
Harold Hoenig becomes New 

y's acting state director, upon 
jtirement of former State Direc- 
>sephT. Avella. 

ate Directors Equal Employ- 
Opportunity Committee meet- 
held in Richmond. 

System's first national training 
srence, concerning the use of 
wised Fiscal and Procurement 
lal, is held in Denver. 

une 30, the Joint Conference 
nittee of the House and the 
te issues its compromise re- 
)n the amendments to the draft 
nd related laws. 



yust 



House of Representatives 
s the Conference Report on 
)71 amendments. 

971 lottery drawing is held on 
th, assigning RSNs to men 
ing age 19 in 1971. 



five Service for fiscal year 1 972, the 
exact amount the System requested. 

Mr. Robert Levine becomes the new 
state director of Wisconsin, replac- 
ing Lt. Col. Clinton S. Knutson, who 
retires after serving the System 17 
years. 

A memorandum sent by Assistant 
Deputy Director for Operations 
Daniel J. Cronin solicits recommen- 
dations for improvements from state 
and local personnel. Over 200 let- 
ters, with better than 275 different 
suggestions, are sent to National. 

California divides into two opera- 
tional units, with two deputy state 
directors. 



September 



On September 21, the Senate 
passes the Conference Report. On 
September 28, President Nixon 
signs into law the 1 971 draft amend- 
ments including all three of his 
major proposals. The amendments 
also include new procedural rights 
for registrants; a lowering of the 
minimum age limit for local board 
members to 18, the maximum age 
to 65, and the length-of-service to 
20 years; a shifting of the respon- 
sibility for the CO alternate service 
program to the National Director; 
and an expansion of the sole sur- 
viving son exemption. 

LBM 122 is issued, outlining pro- 
cessing procedures in light of the 
1 971 draft amendments and the then 
prospective regulation changes. 

States are advised to recruit new 
local and appeal board members 
because of the retirement of some 
5,000 current members required by 
the new draft law. 

All states using State Advisory 
Committees on Scientific, Engineer- 
ing and Specialized Personnel are 
asked to terminate these bodies. 

The military services announce that 
participants in ROTC programs will 
be certified as ROTC cadets in 
their freshman year, receiving a 1 -D 
deferment at that time. 



October 



The Department of Defense an- 
nounces a 10,000 draft call for the 
remainder of the year, bringing the 
yearly call for 1971 to 98,000. This 
compares with a total of 163,500 
called last year and 289,900 called 
in 1969. The 1971 RSN ceiling is set 
at 125, 70 points lower than last 
year's ceiling of RSN 195. 

The System's first training confer- 
ence for the System's newly ap- 
pointed state training specialists is 
held in Louisville, Kentucky. 

State directors are advised that 
tape recorders during personal ap- 
pearances are not authorized by 
draft law or regulations, and will 

nnt ho nprmittpH 



A total of 81 young women and men 
became Selective Service employ- 
ees this summer, either through the 
summer aid program or the Presi- 
dent's Youth Opportunity Stay-in- 
School Campaign. 



November 



The Director of Selective Service is 
delegated the authority to issue Se- 
lective Service rules and regula- 
tions. Under this new procedure, 
proposed rules and regulations 
must be reviewed by several fed- 
eral agency heads and then pre- 
published in the Federal Register 
30 days prior to their effective 
dates. 

Prospective regulation changes are 
prepublished on November 3, 4, 
and 5, in the Federal Register. The 
public submits their views on the 
changes with considerable com- 
ment about appeal procedures. The 
proposed regulations include pro- 
viding for the phase-out of student 
deferments; provision for postpone- 
ments for students who are issued 
induction orders; creation of class 
1-H, a holding classification; a lib- 
eralization of the CO alternate serv- 
ice program; and the abolition of [jeCember 
Classes 1 -Y, 5-A, and 1 -S, and Gov- 
ernment Appeal Agent positions 



The System issues its first of many 
revised forms after the enactment 
of the 1971 draft amendments. The 
first changed form is SSS Form 2, 
Registration Certificate, which is 
revised for use with Optical Char- 
acter Recognition equipment, as 
part of the Registrant Information 
Bank program. 

Induction Orders begin to be ac- 
companied by "Before You Enter 
the Army," an Army publication de- 
scribing the induction process and 
military life. 

State directors are asked to send to 
National SSS Forms 1 12 and 1 12-A, 
the basis of the first data for the 
System's Registrant Information 
Bank. 



The disposal of non-essential rec- 
ords continues. States are given 
further guidance on disposal of rec- 
ords of registrants over age 26. 

LBM 99, concerning year end prob- 
lems, is revised. 

Registrants with deferments and 
RSNs above 125 begin to drop 
their deferments to experience draft 
eligibility during 1971. 



The first 18-year-old local board 
member is appointed, to a board in 
Pennsylvania. 

A letter to state directors provides 
additional guidance in the selection 
of board members to ensure that 
new members may serve at least 
five years on local boards and one 
year on appeal boards before reach- 
ing the new age and length-of- 
service requirements. 

States begin their phase-in to a new 
Uniform Filing System, developed 
after much work by employees at 
the local, state, and national levels. 

The first National Operations Con- 
ference is held November 14-18 in 
Savannah, Georgia, followed by 
operations conferences in each 
state. 

LBMs (112, 43, as amended) pro- 
vide guidance concerning post- 
ponements for students and trans- 
fers from a junior college to a four 
year college. The transfers are not 
subject to loss of deferment if they 
lose credit through no fault of their 
own. 

300 



On December 1 0, all the draft regu- 
lations proposed in November be- 
come effective, except those deal- 
ing with the appeals processes. The 
latter, because of many construc- 
tive recommendations submitted by 
the public, go through revision and 
then the review process once again. 

Letters and certificates of appreci- 
ation signed by Dr. Tarr are pre- 
sented to approximately 5,000 ded- 
icated local board members at their 
retirements. Many of those retiring 
served the System for 20 years or 
more, and some served since the 
law was enacted in 1940. 

In Maryland, State Director James 
L. Hays, III, dies. Maj. Humphrey 
May, Jr., becomes acting state 
director. 

A direct mailing to all Selective 
Service employees begins, to in- 
clude Selective Service NEWS 
along with other appropriate 
materials. 

Over 3 million informational pam- 
phlets have been distributed to 
registrants, schools, and other 
interested people. 




LU V) 

29 






100 — 
50 — 



?Rq son 






163,500 


— 


98,000 



250 
200 
150 - 



1969 1970 1971 



From the Director 
ON THE PAST YEAR 

1971 meant changes and reforms in almost 
every lacet ol our System. Our goal in all 
these projects has been to make Selective 
Service more lair and equitable to 
registrants, more uniform, and more 
efficient and effective, t believe we have 
made great progress. 

The phasing out of student deferments, 
authorized in the 1971 draft amendments 
and made effective by the new Selective 
Service regulations, will mean that young 
men who attend college will be treated in 
the same way as men who cannot or are 
not motivated to attend college. The 
institution of a system of uniform national 
draft calls, authorized by the 1971 
amendments and to be made effective by 
Presidential proclamation, will mean that 
available men in the current draft pool 
with the same lottery number will be called 
to serve at approximately the same time. 
The new draft law also provides for new 
procedural rights for registrants, which will 
give young men more opportunity to 
communicate their reasons for requesting 
reclassification during the appeals 
processes. 

The enactment of the 1971 draft 
amendments, including the extension of 
the President's authority to induct men not 
previously deferred, until July 1 , 1973, was 
one of the greatest events for Selective 
Service in recent years. Never has the draft 
been so closely scrutinized by the 
American people, particularly through their 
representatives in Congress. 

But the new draft law was by no means 
the only significant happening in 1971. 
This last year brought the lowest number of 
inductions since fiscal year 1963. It 
brought s Special Call for doctors and 
optonetrists. The year also witnessed a 
rare three month period during the 
summer when the President's regular 
induction authority expired and there were 
no inductions. We held the third lottery 
drawing on August 5 to assign random 
sequence numbers to men reaching 1 9 in 
1971. 




While trying to improve our service to 
registrants, we also became more 
employee-oriented this last year. Personnel 
contributed many constructive 
suggestions, a number of which have been 
incorporated into regulations. Employees 
have also begun to receive the benefit of 
several new programs: a System-wide 
training effort so that all of us will interpret 
Selective Service policy in a uniform 
manner; an Affirmative Action Plan for 
Equal Employment Opportunity, including 
the encouragement of more minority, 
youth, and female participation; and the 
first stages of the computerized Registrant 
Information Bank, which will store 
minimum essential information on 
registrants, giving us current, accurate 
information. 1971 also marked the 
retirement of some 5,000 of our local board 
members, as required by the 1971 
amendments. We are immeasurably 
thankful for the contributions these fine 
men and women have made to the System. 
At the same time, we welcome with 
enthusiasm the men and women who have 
been appointed by the President to take 
their places. 

As we look toward 1972, we see a very 
different year ahead. We have already 
witnessed all the major changes the 
System will undergo for a long time. Our 
principal job this next year will be to 
ensure uniform interpretation and 
execution of Selective Service law and 
regulations. Last year brought us 
frustrations as we struggled to keep up 
with all the changes as they occurred. This 
year will prove more satisfying as we 
become progressively more proficient in 
using these changes. We must all work 
hard, but I think our reward will be 
gratifying. 



Curtis W. Tarr 



PERSONNEL IMPROVEMENTS 

Continued from page 1 

In other personnel developments, 
an agency-wide study on the job 
classification of local board and 
state headquarters employees has 
been launched, with the aim of 
developing uniform agency-wide 
classification and qualification 
standards. The new standards will 
include a thorough breakdown of 
job elements and will establish a 
firm career ladder for progression 
from entry level to key jobs in state 
headquarters. 

Expanding services to person- 
nel, the Manpower Division has also 
recently given new impetus to the 
prograrji of occupational health 
services for System employees. 

Lastly | the Civil Service Com- 
mission | (CSC) has made a con- 
sultative! review of personnel man- 
agement problems in 20 state 
headquarters and all the service 
centers. During this winter and 
spring, Selective Service, in co- 
operatioS with CSC, will try to solve 
some o the problems brought to 
the surace. Then CSC will con- 
duct another review-this time a 
comprehensive audit. 




Boards which do not have a Selective 
Service emblem and decals are encour- 
aged to submit a requisition to the Admin- 
istrative Services Division Manager at 
National Headquarters. The System's em- 
blem, which is yellow, blue, green, black, 
and white, with yellow and black trim, is 
20" x J7V4" and suitable for framing. The 
decals are designed to be placed on 
glass. The gold 2" wide "Selective Ser- 
vice System" is made up of three separate 
decals so that, if space does not permit 
to spread it on one straight line about 26" 
across, it can be arranged on two or three 
lines. The gold "Local Board No." decals 
come in two sizes to fit the needs of dif- 
ferent boards. The smaller one measures 
about 8" x I" and the larger, 16" x 2". It 
is hoped that all boards will use the em- 
blems and decals to give our local offices 
unilorm appearance. 




THE COMPUTERS AT the heart of 
the Selective Service Data Process- 
ing System will be the Burroughs' 
Models B-2500 and B-3500, similar 
to that pictured. These third genera- 
tion systems, scheduled for delivery 
in 1972, will handle the payroll, per- 
sonnel and accounting systems, as 
well as RIB. 

As you are aware, the RIB input 
system includes OCR typewriters at 
local boards. These are used by 
clerks to type the OCR forms which 
are mailed to the Data Processing 
Center. The forms are read by a 
Lundy-Farrington OCR reader (See 
November issue of Selective Serv- 
ice NEWS) and converted to mag- 
netic tape. 



NEW REGULATIONS 

Continued from page 1 

will not have the right to a post- 
decision local board personal 
appearance. 

ADVERSE DECISIONS 

The reasons for adverse classifica- 
tion actions will be sent to each 
registrant at the same time he 
is sent a Notice of Classification 
card informing him of the board's 
decision. 

POST-INDUCTION ORDER 
RECLASSIFICATION REQUESTS 

A registrant receiving a postpone- 
ment of induction authorized by a 
state director or the National Direc- 
tor, or a postponement to complete 
a school term or year, will be able 
to receive consideration for a clas- 
sification change until 30-40 days 
prior to his induction date. 

REGISTRATION 

A registrant must register with a 
local board in the period from 30 
days before to 30 days after his 
18th birthday. 

LEAVING THE U.S.A. 

A registrant will no longer be re- 
quired to obtain the permission of 
his local board to depart from the 
country. 

EXTENDED LIABILITY 

Registrants over age 26 with ex- 
tended liability will be placed in 
administrative holding classifica- 
tion 1-H. 

CORRECTION: An article on page 4 of the 
November NEWS incorrectly referred to Mr. 
Philip V Sanchez as the Director of the Office 
of Equal Employment Opportunity. The article 
should have read that Mr. Sanchez, a Selective 
Service Reservist in California, is the new Direc- 
tor of the Office of Economic Opportunity. 



The input system for payroll i 
accounting will be a teletype { 
work feeding into a B-2500 cc 
puter at the Data Processing Cerj 
The personnel, payroll and accol 
ing information will be sent 1 
local boards to state headquart 
and the service centers. The in: 
mation will then be recorded! 
punched paper tape for transn 
sion over telephone lines toj 
B-2500. The B-2500 will edit 
information to insure it is corn 
and then record it on magnetic ta 

The magnetic tapes produced 
the OCR reader and the B-2500\ 
serve as input to the larger B-3{ 
computer system. This system 
perform the processing and j 
handling functions necessary! 
generate payrolls, accounting! 
ports and management informal 
on RIB. 

About the middle of 1 972, repcf 
will be generated by the compul 
on high-speed printers. Then, | 
sonnel at local boards, state ha 
quarters and National Headquarj 
will begin to see vivid evidendl 
the computerized system for wri 
we have all worked so hard. 



ARMY RELEASES EXPANDED 

Continued from page 1 

certify their willingness to foil 
certain VA educational benefits. 
□ Release of three-year volunte 
up to a year early if they have sen 
a full overseas tour in order toj 
a National Guard or Army Rese 
unit for the remainder of their | 
of service. 

The Army explained that peri 
nel qualified for reenlistment j 
indicate in writing that they wan 
reenlist in the Regular Army will 
be affected by the mandatory p 
visions of the expanded releS 
program. 




EEO Director Reynaldo P. Madura I 
cusses efforts to get more minority pam 
pation on California's Selective Servi 
boards with Robert J. Keyes. Californi, 
Assistant to the Governor for Commun 
Relations. The two appeared on a KT 
TV news program in Los Angeles onl 
cember 3. California's Governor Rom 
Reagan has received commitment^ 
participation of the state's minority sua • 
ior court judges in a program to consic 
men and women from the minorities 
recommendation for local board aopoi 
ments. In California, the presiding jud 
of each superior court makes board n 
commendations to the President 
appointment 



Use of tunds (or priming o( this publication approvi 
Ihe Director ot the Bureau ot the Budget. August 7, 1! 
This monthly bulletin is a medium ol intorma! 
between National Headquarters and other comport^ 
ot the Selective r 
public. However, 
accepted as modifying or enlarging prov 

Public 



20435 For sale by 
U S. Government I 
20402-pnce to cer 
$1 00 per year; 25 I 



he Superintendent i 

inting Office, Washington, 

; (single copy). Sub: 



WASHINGTON, D. C. • MARCH 1972 




Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



DOCUMENTS 



ORE THAN 125,000 REGISTRAHONiKENNEDY 

EN FREE OF DRAFT 



REVISED 



SAN FRANC 

PUBLIC Lil 



in 125,000 men who were 

ndidates for induction dur- 

irst three months of 1972 
laced into the Second Prior- 
tion Group on April 1, 1972, 
ling the likelihood of their 
; induction orders, except in 

of a major national emer- 
ta February 8, National Di- 
utis W. Tarr also instructed 
irds to cancel induction or- 
oore than 1 1,000 registrants 

received postponements of 
is, and to place these regis- 
nto the Second Priority 
l Group when they become 

Those registrants whose 
n orders were cancelled in- 
len who had received post- 
its with an original termi- 
late of "to the first call in 

'until further notice," or 
pecific date prior to April 1 . 
e approximately 1,000 regis- 
maining in the System with 
itstanding postponements. 
re men whose initial post- 
its expire on April 1 or later, 
of the registrants who will 
d into the Second Priority 
i Group are members of the 
d Priority Selection Group, 
up B. These are men who 
eligible and available during 
hose lottery numbers were 

but who were not called to 
for the most part, because of 
t calls in the last six months 
fear. As members of Sub- 
, they continue to be eligible 
iction for the first three 
of 1972. But since there are 
for that period, they will not 
pted. 

— — ^«— — 
live Service National State 
rs Conference will be held 
lington, D. C, March 16 and 
I at the Statler Hilton Hotel. 
purpose of this important 
;— the first one since Dr. 
N. Tarr became Director of 
e Service— will be to ex- 
ideas in major areas of mu- 
icem, such as the Registrant 
mg Manual and the standby 

led on the agenda will be a 
uest speaker and the pres- 
l of national recognition 
The meeting will conclude 
black tie social function the 
of March 17. 



Approximately 10,000 of the regis- 
trants who will be placed into sec- 
ond priority are members of the 
Extended Priority Selection Group, 
Sub-Group A. These men first be- 
came eligible for induction in 1970, 
but were not available. Thus they 
were eligible for induction during 
the first three months of 1971 when, 
again, they were unavailable when 
their lottery numbers were reached 
in filling January-March calls. There 
are approximately 4,000 members of 
Sub-Group A who are not affected 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 



1972 brings new registration proce- 
dures. Detailed in the New Regis- 
trants Processing Manual, the intent 
of the revisions is to streamline local 
board operations and to make regis- 
tration more registrant-oriented. 

Under the new procedures, the 
registrant, at registration, fills out a 
Registration Questionnaire (SSS 
Form 100), which is a revised ver- 
sion of the former Classification 
Questionnaire. This new question- 
naire requires the names and ad- 
dresses of three persons outside the 
registrant's immediate family who 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



^OLDS DRAFT- 
AMNESTY 
HEARINGS 




ROUND AND ROUND. Two plastic drums were the center of attention for 
more than two hours at the System's fourth lottery drawing on February 2, 
1972. The drawing assigned permanent random sequence numbers to men 
born in 1953, or those who will reach their 19th birthdays during 1972. If 
they do not receive deferments or exemptions from service, these young 
men will be eligible for the draft during 1973. 



The Senate Subcommittee on Ad- 
ministrative Practice and Proce- 
dures has scheduled a series of hear- 
ings in late February on Selective 
Service System procedures and on 
administrative possibilities for am- 
nesty. Dr. Tarr was asked to be the 
lead-off witness and major Adminis- 
tration spokesman at the hearings. 

Senator Edward Kennedy ID- 
Mass.), the subcommittee chairman, 
noted that the new set of hearings 
would mark a continuation of the 
subcommittee's 1969-71 examina- 
tion of Selective Service adminis- 
trative practices. 

He emphasized before the hear- 
ings that the Subcommittee would 
be particularly concerned with ad- 
ministrative fonnulation and imple- 
mentation of the regulations issued 
following the passage of the 1971 
amendments to the Military Selec- 
tive Service Act. These amendments 
reflect many of the procedural re- 
forms discussed in the subcommit- 
tee's 1971 report. 

Concerning anmesty, Senator 
Kennedy stated in a press release 
that the subcommittee would con- 
sider past precedents and current 
opportunities for administrative ac- 
tion that would regularize the con- 
sideration, processing, and granting 
of executive clemency applications. 
These applications would be horn 
draft registrants who have failed to 
comply with statutory and regula- 
tory requirements, and others who 
seek relief from draft and military 
violations related to the Vietnam 
War. He said the subcommittee 
would especially focus on amnesty 
procedures developed after World 
War LI which involved administra- 
tive action alone. 

PERSONNEL AND FISCAL REPRE- 
SENTATIVES MEET IN DENVER 

The Selective Service National Per- 
sonnel and Fiscal Conference will 
be held April 9-21, 1972, in Denver, 
Colorado. 

The first week of the conference, 
April 9-14, will be devoted to per- 
sonnel employees, with two repre- 
sentatives from each state and serv- 
ice center meeting in the New 
Albany Hotel. Those attending will 

CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE 



FROM THE DIRECTOR 

ON MINIMUM AGE FOR BOARD MEMBERS 



l '/ amendments to (he Military 

Sel& tive Service Act set themin 

I membershij 

signifi< antly lower than the 

h trmer minimum age of 30, which had 

• ulylished by regulations. The 



range of permissible ages forourmem- 
intended to give wide freedom 

ti governors. Local board appoint- 
ments, of course, are made by the Pres- 
ident, upon the recommendation of the 

governor involved. Governors, in 



sional action also lowered the.-, turn, receive appointment recommen- 



maximum age of board members from 
75 to 65 and their maximum length of 
i • from 25 to 20 years. The prob- 
able intent of Congress in these new 
requirements is to lower the average 
age of our board members, and to pro- 
vide younger men and women the op- 
portunity to serve as volunteers in the 
Selective Service System. 

These new stipulations do not imply 
that every board must contain an 18- 
year-old member or, for that matter, a 
member of any specific age. The broad 



dations from a wide variety of sources, 
including current board members, civic 
organizations, minority and ethnic 
groups, county and state bar associa- 
tions, judges, and others. 

National Headquarters does not dic- 
tate to governors concerning their rec- 
ommendations for local board appoint- 
ments. These elected officials are 
guided by the draft law and regulations, 



for these responsible tasks. The 1971 
amendments also dictate, that to the 
maximum extent practicable, board 
appointments should proportionately 
represent the race and national origin 
of the registrants within the board's 
jurisdiction. However, no actions of 
boards will be declared invalid on the 
ground that they fail to conform to any * 
particular quota as to race or national 
origin. 

I welcome the young men and 
women who have been appointed 
members and I am gratified at their 
commitment to important voluntary 
service. It is their good judgment and 
genuine concern which are important 




as well as a long standing precedent of and this is the universal criteria that we 
an honorable commitment to the spirit must insist upon for all members of all 
of providing the best qualified citizens local and appeal boards. 



VETERANS' REEMPLOYMENT 



Veterans have been returning to 
civilian life at the rate of better than 
1 million a year during the last two 
years. About 50 percent of these 
men are potentially entitled to re- 
employment rights. 

A veteran's reemployment rights 
consist basically of his entitlement 
to be reemployed in the same posi- 
tion, seniority, pay rate, and status 
he would have enjoyed at his time of 
return if his former employment had 
continued without interruption by 
military service. The employer can- 
not discharge the veteran without 
cause within a year after his rein- 
statement (six months in the case of 
a Guardsman or Reservist returning 
from initial active duty for training). 
While the basis for these rights is 
Section 9 of the Military Selective 
Service Act, there have been over 
600 court decisions interpreting the 
law, including 12 by the U. S. Su- 
preme Court. 

To qualify, a veteran must meet the 
following eligibility requirements: 

□ He must have left his work for the 
purpose of entering military service. 

D That job must have been "other than 
temporary." 

□ His total active duty military time 
after leaving the job must not have ex- 
ceeded four years, except involuntary 
extensions or voluntary extensions at 
the request and for the convenience of 
the Government which do not cause 
total active duty to exceed five years. 

□ His separation must have been under 
honorable conditions. 

D He must apply to his former em- 
ployer within 90 days if he served in the 
regular armed forces. If military service 
was initial active duty for training as a 
member of the National Guard or the 
Reserves, he must make this application 
within 31 days. If the veteran is hospital- 
ized immediately after separation from 
active duty for a year or less, the 90-day 



period begins upon his release from 
hospitalization. 

□ The veteran must be qualified to per- 
form the duties of his former job, or, if 
disabled while in military service, the 
duties of some other job in the employ- 
er's organization. 

Help in determining and exercis- 
ing veterans' reemployment rights 
is provided by the U. S. Department 
of Labor's Office of Veterans' Re- 
employment Rights (OVRR), which 
operates through 38 field offices of 
the Labor Department's Labor-Man- 
agement Services Administration 
(LMSA). Each veteran fills out a 
short Labor Department form, upon 
separation from service, which is 
used by OVRR and the Veterans' 
Employment Service for several pur- 
poses, one of which is the prompt 
mailing of this information to the 
veteran. Reemployment rights in 
state and local government depend 
on the laws of the states; those in 
Federal government are under the 
jurisdiction of the U. S. Civil Service 
Commission. 

About 98 percent of serious dis- 
agreements about veterans' reem- 
ployment rights are resolved by 
LMSA compliance officers through 
correspondence, telephone calls, on- 
site investigation, negotiations, and 
mediation. In cases where a mutu- 
ally acceptable solution proves im- 
possible, LMSA, at the veteran's 
request, refers the case file to the 
Department of Justice for evaluation 
and for possible litigation by the 
local U. S. Attorney, at no cost to 
the veteran. If the Justice Depart- 
ment is not reasonably satisfied with 
the validity of the claim and decides 
not to represent the veteran, he can 
still sue through private counsel at 
his own expense. 



READER REJECTS 
LESS THAN 3% 

System Leases Terminals 

As of December 1971, the System's 
new OCR reader was rejecting less 
than three percent of the OCR Form 
2s. Arriving at the Selective Service 
Data Processing Center on Decem- 
ber 15, the Lundy-Farrington 3030 
Optical Character Reader was hard 
at work a week later processing data 
from the OCR Form 2s. The center 
was to receive a second reader at the 
end of February. 

Controlled by a Varian 620 mini- 
computer, the readers are develop- 
ing a data base of registrant informa- 
tion. In addition to data from the 
Form 2s, they are also processing 
typed data derived from SSS Form 
112As. 

A data processing center official 
said the low rejection rate of OCR. 
Form 2s "is attributed to the excel- 
lent performance of all local board 
personnel and to the good work of 
the training specialists and super- 
visors involved in instructing typists 
about OCR typewriters." 

Continued the official, "the Data 
Processing Center goal of less than 
one percent error rate, in view of 
this fine support from the states and 
local boards, is not only hopeful but 
a realistic goal." "Many thanks 
come from the Data Processing Cen- 
ter for the careful hard work done in 
the field." 

In other computer developments, 
TC500 Terminals are being leased 
for installation at each of the Sys- 
tem's service centers and Na- 
tional Headquarters during March. 
These terminals, which are actually 
mini-computers, can communicate 
with the big computers at National 
from remote distances. They will be 
used for time and attendance report- 
ing, financial accounting, and other 
administrative operations. 



Curtis W 



125,000 MEN FREE OF DRAFT 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

by the February 8 directive, 
ter dated February 9, Dr. Ta 
each state director to write | 
with pending requests for 
appearances or appeals and 
them that they would be ] 
second priority on March 2? 
informed their local boards 
that date that they would dr 
pending requests. 

Under current Selective 
directives, members of Sub-( 
must be fully available for 2 
secutive days before they a 
ble for placement into secori 
ity. However, because the 
was not able to operate at ful 
ity for most of the last six mt 
1971, the Director has dec 
credit all members of Sub-G 
with the time from July 1 1 
the effective date of the last t. 
major regulation changes, w 
expected to be in late Febr 
early March. Thus, all men 
Sub-Group A who become ai 
for induction prior to March 
be credited with 270 days &\ 
ity and placed into second ] 
on March 27, 1972. 

MEETING IN DENVER 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

be introduced to new personne 
dures such as the merit promoti 
the performance rating system 
Manpower Administration Pers< 
Procedures Manual. 

A fiscal employee conference 
conducted the second week, Apr 
with representatives from all ti 
and service centers meeting at 
gency Hotel. These fiscal represe 
will be made aware of new pre 
involved in adapting the payroll 
counting system to automatic d« 
essing equipment:. 

Instructors from National H< 
ters, service centers, and vario 
levels will attend this vital confe 



Use of funds for printing of this publication appt 
Director ot the Bureau of the Budget. August 7. 19 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of informal 
National Headquarters and other components of I 
Service Systems as well as the general public. Ho\ 
ing contained herein may be accepted as modil 
larging provisions of the Military Selective Servio 
other acts of Congress 

Communications should be addressed to: Offii 
Information, National Headquarters. Selective Sen, 
1724 F Street. N.W., Washington. DC. 20435. 
the Superintendent of Documents. U. S. Govern 
ing Office, Washington. DC. 20402— price 10 c 
copy). Supscription Price: $1.00 per year: 25 cent 
mailing. 



;s as of December 31, 1971. Some classification changes authorized 
ent Selective Service regulation reforms are not reflected. 



Current Registrants 



16,099,000 



id 1-A-O available for induction; CO 

lable for non-combatant military service 3 

) available for civilian work 

liege deferment 

jh school deferment 

t qualified for service in peacetime 2 

cupational or vocational training deferment . . 

ricultural deferment 

dergraduate student deferment 

i/inity student 

trdship or paternity deferment 

ficial deferred by law 

en not currently subject to induction 

inister 

>t currently subject to induction processing 

jqualified for service . 

ilitary veteran 

jrviving son 

to 4-W CO performing civilian service; CO 

ased from civilian service 

mber of armed forces Reserve and ROTC students 
an on active duty in armed forces. Public 
Ith Service, or National Oceanic and 

ospheric Administration 

ssified registrants 



f 



601.000 

37,000 

4.000 

232.000 

439,000 

141,000 

13.000 

876,000 

2,000 

134,000 



>^ 




29,000 
740,000 



603.000 
012,000 



iOLOGY CORPS GROWING 




A country estate? Not qui 
about 150 COs have volun- 
l to become part of California's 
gy Corps. In addition, about 50 
iX) volunteers have joined the 
I Initially 130 COs entered the 
on or after July 1, even though 
vere not then legally required 
nain in the program because 
'resident's regular induction 
rity had expired, 
ibhshed on April 27, 1971, by 
ecutive order by California's 
mor Ronald Reagan, the corps 
ler the direction of the Califor- 
epartment of Conservation. At 
nt there are five ecology 
rs. 

ause the corps was created 
ut any appropriations, it has 
organized as a contracting 
any. Contracts are being estab- 
I to perform environmental 
vork with other state and fed- 
igencies, such as California's 
tment of Parks and Recrea- 
Department of Fish and Game, 
)epartment of Highways, and 
ational Parks Service. 
: corps' projects are ambitious, 
icology center is going to refla- 
te the Tehama Winter Deer 
:. Because of fires and drought, 
egetation — particularly the 
ush plant— has not been suffi- 
to sustain the deer herds in the 
r.The corps will collect seeds 



e. This is one of the centers run by the 
California Ecology Corps. 

by hand, raise the plants in a nurs- 
ery, and replant the seedlings. An- 
other project is the redevelopment 
of Angel Island, an old immigrant 
reception center located in San Fran- 
cisco Bay, into a national park. A 
third program will involve the con- 
struction of the Pacific Coast Trail, 
which will run from Canada to Mex- 
ico along the spine of the Sierra. A 
still further project is to close the 
old mine shafts which dot the high 
desert areas adjacent to the Inyo 
Ecology Center. An extensive pro- 
gram is being undertaken to perform 
experimental slip and seed planting, 
which will develop better timber 
stands and erosion control. 

The Corps has been engaged in a 
number of fire fighting operations. 
One such occasion was when a fire 
was burning through a deep canyon 
which could not be reached by fire 
bombers because of the steep canyon 
walls. After fighting their way down 
the side of the canyon through rocks 
and heavy undergrowth, a group of 
Ecology Corpsmen managed to ex- 
tinguish the fire. 

A group of corpsmen is also being 
trained to serve as one of the best 
equipped and most thoroughly 
trained mountain rescue teams in 
the country. 



FIRST RECIPIENT of the Selective 
Service System's Silver Medal for Ex- 
ceptional Service is Arnold Schwartz, 
former member of Draft Board 1 3 in New 
York City. The 66-year-old Brookdale 
Hospital president received this second 
highest recognition last December from 
Selective Service Director Curtis W. Tarr. 
Mr. Schwartz served as a board member 
for six years before the 1971 draft amend- 
ments, which lowered the age limit of 
members to 65, necessitated his retire- 
ment effective December 31, 1971. Mr. 
Schwartz subsequently has been ap- 
pointed an advisor to New York City Selec- 
tive Service Director Paul V. Akst. 

In addition to the numerous local and 
appeal board members required by draft 
law to retire by the end of 1971, several 
compensated employees have recently 
left the System. At National Headquarters, 
both the manager and the plans and 
management officer of the Inspection 
Services Division terminated their service 
with the System early in 1972. Former 
Inspection Services Manager Col. Wil- 
liam P. Averill (AUS-Ret) left the agency 



January 31, 1972. The Colonel first a 
sumed his former position in May 197 
Colonel Averill first became an employe 
with the System as personnel and admii 
istrative officer at Connecticut State Heai 
quarters in 1940. After assuming varioi. 
other positions in Connecticut, he we 
transferred in 1943 to National and then * 
Ohio State Headquarters, where he staye 
until 1947. He was then transferred i 
National again, where he became, firs 
assistant chief and then, in 1955, chief i 
the former Field Division. He later becarr 
manager and then administrative offici 
of Inspection Services. 

Colonel William D. Brooks, Jr., (AU! 
Ret.) who left Selective Service Februai 
5, 1972, was the System's plans and mai 
agement officer in Inspection Service 
since the end of 1971. Beginning wil 
Selective Service in 1951 as a trainin 
assistant in the former Field Division, Cc 
Brooks then took on various other pos 
tions. He served as assistant chief < 
administration and executive officer < 
the Administrative division before b« 
coming an administrative officer in Ir 
spection Services. 



CONGRESS MAY SAVE FORMER 
REGISTRANT FROM DEPORTATION 



Two Congressmen are engaged in 
action to prevent former Selective 
Service registrant Thomas G. Jolley 
from being deported. The courts 
have ordered Jolley, 27, now a re- 
porter for the Tallahassee Democrat 
in Florida, to leave the country by 
February 9, 1972, or face deportation. 
However, Congressmen Ronald V. 
Dellums and Phillip Burton from 
California submitted private bills on 
November 15, 1971, which, if en- 
acted, would consider Jolley "to 
have been lawfully admitted to the 
United States for permanent resi- 
dence." While these bills are still 
in the House of Representatives' 
Judiciary Committee, the Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization Service can- 
not carry out Jolley's deportation. If 
deported, Jolley would be a state- 
less man. 
Briefly, Jolley, while a draft regis- 



trant, took refuge in Canada, an 
then renounced his U. S. citizenship 
Shortly afterwards, he illegally re 
entered the U. S., and then resistei 
deportation. He was tried as an aliei 
by a Special Inquiry Officer 
pursuant to the Immigration ani 
Nationality Act. Then his case wa 
reviewed by the Board of Immigra 
tion Appeals (BIA), and afterwards 
the U. S. Court of Appeals for thi 
Fifth Circuit. The Supreme Cour 
denied review on November 9. 

The Circuit Court confirmed th 
BIA decision that Jolley must depar 
from the U. S. voluntarily or h 
deported, because he is an aliei 
excludable horn entry into the U. S 
for (1) entering the country withou 
an immigrant visa and |2) remaininj 
outside the country to avoid military 
service. The description of the latte 

CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGt 



LOS ANGELES TIMES. 
NOVEMBER 30, 1971 

CHATTANOOGA- The girls chewed gum 
and giggled. The boys stared with a 
mixture of envy and disbelief, and a 
nervous assistant principal appeared on 
the verge of losing his lunch. 

Up the steps and through the front 
door of Brainard High School rode Army 
Spec. 4 Douglas Reitmeyer astride a bel- 
lowing motorcycle, rattling the windows. 

He took a hard right into the auditorium, 
and there he rapped for nearly an hour 
with young men soon eligible for the 
draft into the Armed Services of the 
united States. 

"Do you want to end the draft?" 
Reitmeyer asked. 

"Yeahh," came the reply. 

"Do you REALLY want to end the 
draft?" 

"Yeahhh." 

"That's good," the Army's self-styled 
"easy rider" said. 

The 22-year-old veteran of a year and 
23 days' service had come to spread the 
word of a new Army: no more shaved 
heads, no more KP, beer in the barracks, 
personal dignity, educational opportunity, 
better pay. 

He told how he was ready to split for 
Canada when he got his own draft notice, 
and why he decided not to go. 

It was their language: Cool, chick, 
fuss, lifer, 'Nam. 

Then it was time to go. He made an 
ear-shattering departure from the campus, 
the front wheel of the Sportster standing 
in air as he smoked toward another 
appointment, leaving waving, cheering 
students behind. 

The scene has been repeated day after 
day since last September when Reit- 
meyer and Spec. 4 Michael Speegle 
set out from New York on their motor- 
cycles, with Reitmeyer's 19-year-old 
wife Deborah following in a van. 

Along with their pitch about the new 
Army, they urged students to complete 
high school, sold motorcycle safety, 

CONGRESS MAY SAVE REGISTRANT 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 3. 

reason for excludability, in the U. S. 
code, reads: 

". . . persons who have departed from 
or who haveremained outside the U. S. 
to avoid or evade training or service in 
the armed forces in the time of war or a 
period declared by the President to be a 
national emergency . . ." (President 
Truman declared a national emergency 
in 1950 and this proclamation has not 
been revoked.) 

"There can be little doubt," said the 
Circuit Court decision, "that (Jolley) re- 
mained outside the U.S. to avoid mili- 
tary service. . . . Indeed, the very basis of 
his first argument— that he did not vol- 
untarily renounce his citizenship— is 
that he was compelled to abondon his 
country because of his abhorence of the 
Selective Service laws." 

Jolley had originally applied for 
and been denied CO status. Then, 
after flunking a history test at the 
University of Georgia, he and his 
wife went to Canada in early 1967 
while he was classified 2-S. After 
requesting his board to reclassify 
him 1 -0 again and being reclassified 
1-A, he went to the U. S. Consul in 
Toronto and stated, "I do not wish 
to break the laws of the U. S. These 
laws conflict with my beliefs." He 
renounced his U. S. citizenship. 



police, and pleaded with teen-agers to 
exercise their voting rights when they 
turn 18. 

The article refers to two Army 
specialists, Douglas Reitmeyer, 22, 
and Michael B. Speegle, 21, who 
spent a 90-day country-wide good- 
will tour ending December 20, 1971, 
to talk to young people. Their ve- 
hicle: motorcycles. Their message: 
according to Reitmeyer, "to keep 
other young men from going to jail 
or Canada or somewhere else as 
draft dodgers." (i.e., to make young 
people aware of the reformed oppor- 
tunities in military service.) 

"I didn't say the Army is really 
great," said Reitmeyer in a recent 
interview. "I took a chance in com- 
ing in (to the Army) and I found out 
it wasn't so bad." 

Reitmeyer, who originally con- 
sidered fleeing to Canada to avoid 
military service, thought up the idea 
of making the nationwide trip. The 
adventure took the two men to 28 
of the 50 states, 12,000 miles, and 
to cover over 20,000 high school stu- 
dents. Reitmeyer suggested the idea 
to the chain of command at the 
Army's Missile and Munitions Cen- 
ter and School at Redstone Arsenal, 
Alabama, where he was receiving 
advanced training in electronics. 
Five days later he was at the Penta- 
gon, explaining his brainstorm to Lt. 
Gen. George I. Forsythe, special as- 
sistant to the chief of staff for the 
all- volunteer Army. 

The two travelers outfitted them- 
selves for their trip with Harley- 
Davidson motorcycles, which cost 
them the special price of $1 .00 each; 
a credit card from Texaco for $500 
worth of gas; and some free camping 
equipment from the Coleman 
Company. 

Afterwards, his board ordered him 
to report for induction on two separ- 
ate occasions. In 1968 Jolley re- 
turned to the U. S. without a visa. 

As stated in the Circuit Court 
decision, the Government had to 
prove that Jolley lost his U. S. citizen- 
ship through voluntary expatriation, 
this becoming an alien. Jolley con- 
tended his expatriation was in- 
voluntary—made under duress — 
because of his desire to avoid break- 
ing Selective Service law. "Dislike 
for the law does not in and of itself 
compose coercion,- subjective de- 
portation cannot be metamorphosed 
into duress," states the Circuit 
Court decision. 

Jolley also argued that the Im- 
migration and Nationality Act 
provides that an alien married to a 
U.S. citizen— as Jolley is— who is 
otherwise admissable at time of 
entry shall not be deported for gain- 
ing entry by misrepresentation or 
fraud. The Government answered 
that in another Immigration and 
Naturalization Service case "the 
Court held that an alien who had, 
in violation of quota restrictions, 
obtained entry by fraud and was not 
otherwise inadmissable, could re- 
ceive such benefits, of . . . 'the Im- 



UUU SttKS IU tNU UUUIUK 5 UKJ1 



Special Call No. 46 for doctors and 
osteopaths was terminated on Jan- 
uary 31. None of those affected by 
the call were issued induction orders 
after January, with the exception 
of men who received postponements 
to complete residencies. As yet, not 
all physicians ordered have received 
their commissions. 

Concurrently, Defense officials 
are now looking over a host of pro- 
posals to end the so-called "Doctor's 
Draft" and still provide necessary 
medical services to members of the 
armed forces. 

Some of the ideas under examina- 
tion include: 

□ Reducing the use of physicians in 
non-professional duties. 

□ Increasing the use of technicians 
and other medical personnel. 

□ Increasing the inter-service use of 
facilities. 

□ Increasing regionalization. 

□ Increasing the use of civilian phys- 
icians in military facilities. 

□ Diverting part of the workload to 
civilian facilities when appropriate. 

Assistant Secretary of Defense 
(Health and Environment) Richard 
S. Wilbur, M.D., paints no rosy 
picture about retention of medical 
men, pointing out that the Depart- 
ment of Defense loses anywhere 
from 25 to 37 per cent of its doctors 
each year. 

Nor does he believe the situation 
will improve much until the 1980s, 
when medical schools will be turn- 
ing out sufficient doctors and the 
population will be tapering off, 
making a, more competitive em- 
ployment situation. 

"The decade of the 1970S will 
provide the main challenge," he 
said. 

Assistant Secretary Wilbur in- 
dicates the basic solution to the im- 
mediate problem is twofold: ( 1 ) pay 
for military doctors approximately 
comparable to that of their civilian 
counterparts; (2) liberal sabbatical 
leaves for armed forces doctors to 
attend military or civilian institu- 
tions as part of their continuing 
medical education. 



migration and Nationality Act.' 
(But) petitioner is charged with be- 
ing qualitatively unacceptable and 
undesirable under the Immigration 
and Nationality Act." 

REGISTRATION REVISED 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

will always know his address. The 
names, relationships, and ages of all 
the registrant's family over age 16 
also must be listed. The form in- 
cludes eight series of questions ask- 
ing whether the registrant believes 
he qualifies for a hardship defer- 
ment, CO status, a surviving son 
exemption, or other Selective Serv- 
ice deferments and exemptions. 

Provided he registers at his own 
board and time permits, the regis- 
trant will be issued his Registration 
Certificate (SSS Form 2), and will be 
assigned administratively to the 



He explains that military 
never equal civilian remur 
but that the current discrepa 
be redressed. One way woui 
allow doctors to work long 
the usual 40-hour week (( 
doctors work on an averag 
hours a week) and pay them 
extra work performed. Anotl 
would be to make do witl 
doctors as total force levels < 
but maintain the present pe 
budget and pay those remai] 
active duty the salaries sa 
the reduction-in-force. 

Dr. Wilbur says the ma 
granting sabbatical leaves is a 
of great importance to doctc 
must constantly undergo t 
and specialization to mainta 
professional competence. i 

Asked if increased use of I 
medical care by dependents 
the Civilian Health and I\ 
Program for the Uniformed S 
(CHAMPUS) program could 
even greater savings of n 
medical men, Dr. Wilbur st 
could, but pointed out thai 
military bases are located in : 
locations where it is a case 
pendents receiving military n 
care or no care at all. 

He also pointed out that tl 
nature of the military pro: 
implies a higher ratio of phy 
to military members than fo 
civilian life— one doctor p< 
men in the military and one 
for every 640 people in civilia 

He expects the current 
physicians in the armed foi 
decline in the next two ye 
several thousand. The man 
breakout at present is still 1 
in true volunteers, with only 
of the regular medical office 
serving under some obligatioi 
training. 

Nonetheless, Dr. Wilbur inc 
that he is hopeful the culmi 
effect of many improvemei 
Service life will persuade 
doctors to stay on. 

holding Classification 1-H. H 
also receive his Notice of Clas 
tion (SSS Form 110) at registi 
provided, again, that he regis 
his own board and time perrr 
the registrant does not recer 
SSS Forms 2 and 110 at registi 
they will be prepared by his 
board and mailed to him. 

Other new provisions requi 
registrant to bring some officii 
of identification to registration 
as his birth certificate, Social I 
ity Account Number card, cb 
license, school/college activity 
or credit cards. He must give a 
of residence in the U. S. or it 
sessions, if he presents hims< 
induction in these places. L 
case, each registrant must £ 
place of residence. 



WASHINGTON. DC. • APRIL 1972 




Selecliue Seruice MEWS 




DOCUMENTS 
AUG 24 1972 

«&S88 

SENATE 

SUBCOMMITTEES 
INVESTIGATE 
SELECTIVE SERVICE 
REGS, AMNESTY 




YING on the modernization of 
ective Service System before 
ate Judiciary Subcommittee on 
>trative Practice and Proced- 
Curtis Tarr declared that "it 
oo early to appraise the prog- 
> have made. Fundamental al- 
ls require a great deal of time 
amplishment. But I believe that 
e begun the essential work to 
9 Selective Service for as long 
iusi be able to induct men, and 
^ide for an effective standby 



system thereafter." 

Dr. Tarr was the leadoff witness in 
the Subcommittee's three-day hear- 
ings (February 28-March 1), which 
focused on both the current amnesty 
controversy and on the implementa- 
tion of Selective Service regulations 
issued following the passage of the 
Military Selective Service Act of 1971. 
These hearings continued the sub- 
committee's 1969-71 examination of 
Selective Service administrative piac- 
tices— an inquiry from which came 



many detailed complaints concerning 
lack of uniform practices in the system. 

Subcommittee members during the 
present hearings were Senators Ed- 
ward Kennedy (D.-Mass.), chairman, 
Philip Hart (D.-Mich.), Birch Bayh (D.- 
Ind.). Quentin Burdick (D.-N.Dak). 
John Tunney (D. -Calif.). Strom Thur- 
mond (R.-S.C), Charles Mathias (R.- 
Md.), and Edward Gurney (R.-Fla.). 

During the course of his testimony, 
Dr. Tarr touched on five general topics 
related to the System: Random Selec- 



tion, Local Boards. Enforcement, and 
Regulations. In addition he was asked 
to comment upon the idea of amnesty. 

The Director also appeared March 
10 before the Senate Armed Services 
Subcommittee on the Volunteer Armed 
Force and Selective Service, testifying 
on the administration of the provisions 
of the Selective Service Act. 

This Subcommittee was chaired by 
Senator Lloyd Bentsen (D.-Tex.), and 
included Senators Thomas J. Mclntyre 
(D.-N.H.) and William B. Saxbe (R.- 
Ohio). 



d Announces Calls, Hints Reserve Draft 



E SECRETARY Melvin Laird 
I March 6 that draft calls for 
ay and June will average 5,000 
i (15,000 total), and that the 
372 draft would be reduced to 
r less. 

have been no call-ups for the 
ee months of this year, and 
plan would mean the lowest 
raft call since 1949, when only 
vere drafted. Since that year, 
we dropped no lower than 
n 1962, and they reached a 
war peak of 364,600 in 1966. 
1971. there was no draft for 
onths and call-ups declined 
0. 

er draft developments. Secre- 
id stated in his annual defense 
o Congress February 15 that 
might have to set up a special 
meet the manpower needs of 
ve forces. 

cing before the Senate Armed 
s Committee, he said that the 
> and National Guard would 
luch more important role than 



in the past: yet, he pointed out. with 
the draft pressure being removed their 
combined forces have already dropped 
44,722 below authorized strength. 

If this trend is not halted by recent 
pay raises and intensified recruiting. 
Laird vowed to ask Congress for a 
bonus to stimulate guard and reserve 
enlistments. As a last resort, the De- 
fense Secretary added, he would re- 
quest legislation to allow the drafting 
of men into the selected reserves. 

While admitting the possible neces- 
sity of a reserve draft, he also stated: 

"I do not want to press for a draft 
authorization unless that becomes ab- 
solutely essential, and I do not think it 
is at this point." 

On February 24, Secretary Laird said 
he would he would ask Congress April 
1 for new "incentives" aimed at re- 
versing the sagging reserve and Na- 
tional Guard enlistment rates. 

Although these "incentives" were 
not specified, it is assumed that they 
will include the "bonus" he referred to 
in his Congressional testimony. 



i CALLS 



INDUCTIONS 




49 '51 '53 '55 '57 '59 '61 '63 '65 '67 '69 71 year 



System Announces First 
Draftof1972: No.'sM5 

SELECTIVE SERVICE Director Curtis 
W. Tarr instructed state headquarters 
and local boards on March 16 to issue 
induction orders with reporting dates 
from mid-April through May 31 to 1972 
prime induction candidates with lot- 
tery numbers 1 through 15. His direc- 
tive is in response to the Defense De- 
partment's recent combined April- 
May-June call of 15.000 men. Dr. Tarr's 
instruction is also the first utilization 
of the recently authorized Uniform Na- 
tional Call procedure, in which all 
eligible registrants with the same lot- 
tery numbers are issued induction 
orders to report in the same period, 
regardless of their locations in the 
country. 

Local boards will not issue induction 
orders for the April-May deliveries 
before March 15 nor after March 31. 
All registrants will receive at least 30 
days notice of their induction dates. A 
related directive also was distributed 
on March 15 which ordered Class 1-0 
conscientious objector registrants 
from the 1972 First Priority Selection 
Group— Lottery Numbers 1-15 — to be 
notified of their obligation to perform 
alternate service in the national health, 
safety, or interest. Under new draft 
rules, COs who receive this notifica- 
tion have 60 days to locate civilian 
employment and get state director 
approval of this employment: if suit- 
CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. 



New 

Appeal Methods 

Effective March 11 



NEW Selective Service regulations 
concerning appeal procedures be- 
came effective March 1 1 . These direc- 
tives were prepublished in the Federal 
Register for public review on January 
12. 1972. 

The regulations spell out important 
changes in registrant rights. A regis- 
trant will now be entitled to a personal 
appearance before a quorum of his 
local board, as well as before a quorum 
of his state appeal board, and, if the 
registrant becomes entitled to a Presi- 
dential appeal, before a quorum of the 
Presidential appeal board. He will have 
15 days from the date on his latest 
Notice of Classification in which to 
request a local board personal appear- 
ance or an appeal, and he will be given 
at least 15 days notice of all personal 
appearances. At his local board per- 
sonal appearance, where he will be 
entitled to at least 15 minutes, he may 
present up to three witnesses. Wit- 
nesses may not, however, be used at 
appeal board appearances. 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. 



A DETAILED, EASY-TO-READ SUM- 
MARY OF THE NEW REGULATIONS 
APPEARS ON PAGES 2 AND 3 OF 
THIS ISSUE 



LAST MAJOR CHANGES 
IN DRAFT POLICY 

SUMMARY OF MAJOR CHANGES IN SELECTIVE SERVICE POLICIES 
By New Selective Service Regulations, Published in the 
Federal Register on March 10, 1972 



This is a summary of the last major 
group of Selective Service Regulation 
changes, effective March 11, 1972, 
which ended more than two years of 
almost constant reform in draft pol- 
icies and registrant rights. The regula- 
tions were prepublished for public 
comment on January 12, 1972, in ac- 
cordance with a 1971 amendment to 
the draft law which requires that all 
changes in Selective Service Regula- 
tions be "proposed" to the public by 



printing them in the FEDEF I 
ISTER at least 30 days in a< I 
the effective date. (The 1 1 
REGISTER is a daily governr I 
lication listing changes ill 
agency rules and regulation! 
are the second group of re 
implementing the 1971 ami 
to the Military Selective Se 
the first ones having bee 
December 9, 1971. 



SUBJECT 



STATUS PRIOR TO CHANGES IN THE LAW AND 
REGULATIONS 



STATUS NOW 



1. Registrant's right to bring 
witnesses to his local board 
personal appearance 



A registrant did not have the right to bring wit- 
ness to his personal appearance. 



A registrant is entitled to bring up to th| 
nesses to his personal appearance bi 
quorum of his local board. Further, the rej 
is entitled to such time for his personal i 
ance as is reasonably necessary for a 
presentation of his claim. Normally, 15 rl 
is adequate for this purpose. 



2. Personal appearance before 
a state-level appeal board 



A personal appearance before a state-level 
appeal board was not allowed. 



A personal appearance before a quoru 
state-level appeal board is allowed upon 
request of the registrant. The registrant 
entitled to such time for his personal appe 
as is reasonably necessary for a fair repri 
tion of his claim. However, he does not h; 
right to bring witnesses. 



3. Personal appearance before 
the Presidential appeal 
board 



A personal appearance before the Presidential 
appeal board was not allowed. 



A personal appearance before a quorum 
Presidential appeal board is allowed 
written request of the registrant, if the ' 
the state-level appeal board is not unan 
The registrant is entitled to 15 minutes 
personal appearance and the board may 
discretion, extend this time period. The 
trant does not have the right to bring witr 



4. Time limits for requesting 
persona/appearances or 
appeals 



A registrant had 30 days from the date on his 
initial Notice of Classification (SSS Form 110) in 
which to request a personal appearance before 
his local board, or an appeal. If he elected a 
personal appearance, there was no requirement 
that the local board notify him of the date of his 
appearance within a set number of days. 



A registrant has 15 days from the date 
latest Notice of Classification (SSS Fori 
in which to request a local board pt 
appearance; or, if he wishes to by-pass tl 
sonal appearance, he has the same 15 < 
which to request an appeal to the state 
board. 



Following his personal appearance before his 
local board, he was sent a new SSS Form 110. 
He then had another 30 days from the date on 
the new Form 110 in which to request an appeal. 

Following action by the state-level appeal board, 
another new SSS Form 110 was sent to him. If 
the vote of the appeal board was less than unan- 
imous, he had 30 days from the date of his latest 
Form 110 in which to ask for review by the Presi- 
dential appeal board. 



If he requests a personal appearance bef 
local board he will receive at least 15 days 
of his meeting. Following his personal a 
ance before his local board he will be sen' 
SSS Form 11 0. He has 1 5 days from the c 
this new SSS Form 110 in which to reqi 
appeal to the state-level appeal board i 
state whether he will appear in person b< 
quorum of the board. It he elects a pe 
appearance, he will receive at least 11 
notice of the meeting. Following the 
board action, he will be sent a nev 
Form 110. 



If the state-level appeal board is not unar 
in its decision, the registrant has 15 day 
the date on his latest SSS Form 110 in wl 
request a further appeal to the Presii 
appeal board and to state whether he will i 
in person before the board. If he elects 
sonal appearance, he will receive at le 
days notice of his meeting. Following the 
action, he will be sent a new SSS Form 11( 



SUBJECT 



STATUS PRIOR TO CHANGES IN THE LAW AND 
REGULATIONS 



STATUS NOW 



Requests for a local board personal appearance, 
a state-level appeal, or an appeal to the Presi- 
dential appeal board, must be submitted to the 
registrant's local board. 



All the 15-day time limits may be extended by 
the local board if it is satisfied that the regis- 
trant's failure to act within 15 days was due to 
some cause beyond his control. 



A personal appearance with 
the local board prior to the 
board s decision on a CO 
classification or hardship 
' deferment request 



A registrant did not have the right to a personal 
appearance with his board prior to the board's 
decision on his CO classification or hardship 
deferment request. 



A registrant can request a personal appearance 
with his local board prior to the board's decision 
on his CO classification or hardship deferment 
request. The same procedural rights which 
would be afforded him at a posf-decision per- 
sonal appearance are afforded him at a pre- 
decision meeting. A posf-decision personal 
appearance will not be held if a pre-decision 
appearance has been held at the registrant's 
request. 



Failing to report for sched- 
uled personal appearance 
with local or appeal board 



There was no clear guideline to local boards 
concerning appropriate action to be taken when 
a registrant failed to report for a personal 
appearance. 



A registrant who fails to report for a personal 
appearance before his local board, state-level 
appeal board, or the Presidential appeal board 
is given five days in which to submit acceptable 
reasons for his failure to appear. The reasons 
should be submitted to the board before which 
he failed to appear. The 5-day period may be 
extended by the appropriate board if it is sat- 
isfied that the registrant's failure to appear was 
due to some cause beyond his control. 



Providing reasons to a reg- 
istrant for adverse decisions 
by local or appeal boards 



Local and appeal boards were not required to 
provide a registrant with reasons for their 
decision. 



The reasons for an adverse classification deci- 
sion at a local or state-level appeal board will 
be mailed to a registrant at the same time he is 
mailed a Notice of Classification (SSS Form 110). 
If the registrant desires the reasons for an 
adverse classification decision by the Pres- 
idential appeal board, he must write to his local 
board within 30 days of the date on his latest 
SSS Form 110. 



Post-Induction Order 
classification Requests 



Re- A request for reclassification after the receipt 

of an induction order was not considered unless 
there had been a change in the registrant's 
status resulting from circumstances over which 
he had no control. 



A registrant receiving a postponement of in- 
duction which is authorized by the National 
Director or a state director, or which is issued in 
order for him to complete a school term or 
academic year, will receive consideration of a 
reclassification request until 30-40 days prior 
to his actual induction date. Postinduction 
order reclassification requests by other regis- 
trants will not be considered unless there has 
been a change in their status resulting from 
circumstances beyond their control. 



J. Registration Procedures 



Every male U. S. citizen was required to register 
within five days after his 18th birthday. 



Every male U. S. citizen must register within the 
period 30 days before to 30 days following his 
18th birthday. 



1 Classification of Registrants 
age 26-35 with Extended 
Liability 



A registrant who, because of a previous defer- 
ment, had his liability to the draft extended to 
age 35, was kept in Class 1 -A. 



Registrants age 26 to 35 with extended liability, 
except for medical specialists, will be placed 
in Class 1-H, an administrative holding classifi- 
cation. 



I. Permission to depart the 
. U.S. 



A registrant was required to obtain the permis- 
sion of his local board in order to leave the U. S. 



A registrant is no longer required to obtain the 
permission of his local board in order to depart 
the country. 



2. Current Status of Registrants 



All classified registrants were required to inform 
their local boards of changes in their status re- 
garding employment, marriage, address, etc. 



All classified registrants, with the exception of 
those in Class 1 -H, must inform their local boards 
of changes in their status. Registrants in Class 
1-H must inform their boards only of address 
changes. 



FIRST DRAFT OF 1972 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 
able jobs are not found within the 60- 
day period, COs will then be eligible 
for ordering to alternate service 
assignments. 

An additional Uniform National Call 
will be issued for June inductions, but 
according to Dr. Tarr, the uncertain 
number of inductions resulting from 
this first Uniform National Call make it 
impossible to predict the additional 
lottery numbers needed for the June 
call-up. The Director did say, however, 
that he would issue instructions for 
June deliveries no later than early May. 



NEW APPEAL METHODS 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

Other new regulations require local 
and state appeal boards to send the 
reasons for adverse classification 
actions to registrants at the same 
time they send new Notice of Classifi- 
cation cards. In addition, registrants 
requesting conscientious objector sta- 
tus or hardship deferments will be 
able to make local board personal ap- 
pearances, before the boards act on 
their requests; however, those who 
elect such appearances will not be 
entitled to post-decision local board 
appearances. 



Board Worker Gets Jobs for Returning G.l/s 



MRS. EDITH THROWER is the com- 
plete antithesis of the all-too-common 
government bureaucrat who won't 
step one inch outside her "job de- 
scription" to lend someone a helping 
hand. 

As Executive Secretary of Local 
Board 53 in her home-town of Ash- 
land, Virginia, Mrs. Thrower, in addi- 
tion to her regular duties, spends up 
to four hours a week finding jobs for 
returning veterans. Working in an area 
(Richmond, Virginia and suburbs) of 
work opportunities that she calls "fine 
and growing," Mrs. Thrower, for in- 
stance, got employment referrals for 
ten of the 17 veterans who visited Lo- 
cal 53 during one week in January. 

Mrs. Thrower has been with Board 
53 for 20 years and has been conduct- 
ing her one-woman employment 
agency for the last six. When recently 
released vets come to the Ashland Lo- 
cal for new 4-A registration cards, she 
asks them if they've found a job or if 
they have anything in mind they plan 
to do; if not, she offers to start hus- 
tling in their behalf. 

And hustle she does, by calling the 
employment offices of many diverse 
companies and organizations such as 
the Richmond Police Department, 
Reynolds Metals, and General Elec- 
tric, and asking if they're interested in 
any applicants. If so, she then directs 
these unemployed vets to the location 
of the job interview. 

If employers have no immediate 
openings, Mrs. Thrower requests them 
to contact her when they need an 
employee with specific skills. And 



when an employer does request some- 
one, she checks her records to find 
the vet with the appropriate back- 
ground needed and then notifies him 
of the available position. "Part of the 
reasons employers work through me," 
she adds knowingly, "is to avoid pay- 
ing fees to an employment agency." 

The word of Mrs. Thrower's selfless 
deeds is really getting around — even 
18-year-old registrants are asking her 
to help them get jobs. And this she 
does gladly: "If I help them, these boys 
don't feel so bad towards me ... I don't 
want to be thought of just as 'that old 
lady that drafts people.' " 

But Mrs. Thrower is an "old lady" 
only in the sense that she's the proud 
grandmother of two grandsons. It's 
indicative of her youthful enthusiasm 
that when this writer first talked to her 
over the phone I honestly thought I 
was speaking to a young woman in 
her30's. 

"People complain a lot, so this is the 
happy end of the job for me," she ex- 
plains. "A lot of these boys come out 
of the service in a bad mood, and not 
too many people do things for them. 
But I feel we owe something to these 
veterans, and if I can just get them on 
one job they'll have a chance to better 
themselves." 

Well, we say right on ma'am, and 
concur with your Virginia State Di- 
rector, Mr. Ernest Fears, who says, 
"... Mrs. Thrower should be most 
highly commended for this service, 
which is far beyond the scope of her 
duties and establishes the finest public 
relationship for the System." 




Ohio Solicits 

Registrant 

Opinions 



SINCE early fall of 1971 , Ohio has been 
asking registrants for comments about 
their experience with the System. Over 
2,000 postcards, prestamped and ad- 
dressed to Ohio State Headquarters, 
have been distributed to the 134 lo- 
cal boards of the state. The cards, 
made easily available to registrants 
at board locations, request them to 
"Please give us your comments," and 
then provide a checklist along with 
space for additional comments. Some 
of the returns: "As a college student, 
I expected indifference concerning 
my questions and situation. Instead, I 
found people who were truly inter- 
ested in helping explain the situation." 
"Drafted but no complaints." Of 
course, you can't change a young 
man's opinion. While one did think his 
local board office personnel were 
courteous, fair, helpful, informative, 
and interested, he also commented, 
"Close down all draft boards and end 
war and the draft." 



MRS. EDITH THROWER, EXECUTIVE SECRETARY OF LOCAL BOARD 53, Ashland. 
Virginia, advises veteran Billy Ray Smith, one ol her many young friends whom she 
has helped to find jobs. 



Computer 
Service Center 
Gets Equipment 

THE FULL COMPLEMENT of com- 
puter equipment is now operating at 
the Computer Service Center (for- 
merly the Data Processing Center). 
In operation are two Burroughs ma- 
chines, the B2500 and B3500, and a 
Burroughs TC500 Terminal Com- 
puter—a mini — used for major inputs 
from personnel payroll and account- 
ing subsystems. The TC500, located 
away from the other computers in 
the Center, is connected to the B2500 
via a telephone-line circuit. Two 
Lundy-Farrington 3030 Optical Char- 
acter Readers are also being used — 
on a 24-hour a day basis — for scan- 
ning the SSS Forms 2 and 110. 

Some of the very latest communi- 
cations techniques are being utilized 
in transmitting data and messages 
between the B2500-TC500 Data Com- 
munications Computers. Before the 
end of April a new day of data han- 
dling will have dawned at the Re- 
gional Service Centers as pilot pay- 
roll data begins flowing into the main 
Center from the six remote TC500's 
installed in mid-March-. 

Full operation of the data com- 
munications link-up will commence 
in May for the accounting data and 
in June for the payrolls. 

One immediate effect on all com- 
pensated personnel will be thelink-up 
capabilityof providinga current Leave 
and Earnings Statement. 



t 

Evaluation Group 
Replaces Inspectiofl 

Services 

THE QUALITY of Selective Servi 
management should be greatly jj, 
proved with the formation of the Mi 
agement Evaluation Group, a separj 
National Headquarters staff office i 
porting to the Director. 

The aim of this new staff functi 
which replaced the old Inspectk 
Services Division in early Februai 
is to evaluate management practip 
and perform necessary investigatioi 
within the Selective Service Systei 
The new Group has the authority j 
reviewall program and administrati 1 
activities of the System. 

Describing the function of tl 
Management Evaluation Group, i 
acting chief, Mr. Edward W. Lock 
says: 

"We will be determining whe' 
more productive efforts should I 
applied. For example, do we nes 
additional training in a specif ic are; 
Should certain procedures be r 
vised? Do staffing directives net 
modifying? The data we shall colle 
and our analysis of it will aid in co 
rectly answering questions of th 
sort so that appropriate action ci 
be taken." 

This new Headquarters organic 
tion consists of the Group Chief ar 
two assistants. Two manageme 
representatives are located in ea< 
region except Fort Worth, Texa 
where there is one. These represejp 
atives were formerly the region 
inspectors. As members of the ne 
Group, they will be frequent 
assigned to visit states outside thi 
respective regions and they w 
normally operate in teams. 

Mr. Locke emphasized that tj 
management representatives w 
work very closely with the sta 
directors as they perform their ma^ 
agement evaluation and function 
reviews. "We are striving to he 
thestatedirectorswiththeirprobleri 
as we help the staff and function 
managers at National Headquarte 
so that the best possible materi 
can be the basis for manageme 
decisions," he said. 

The Inspection Services Divisic 
was eliminated after the Direct 
determined there was no longer 
need for a national inspection fun 
tion. Each state now has its ov\ 
inspection activity. 



Useo 


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printing d 


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publico 


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her oclsof Congress. 








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* U. S. Government Printing Office: 1972-784-079/10 Regioi 



s n> 



DOCUMENTS 



WASHINGTON. DC. • MAY 1972 




Selecliue Serine MEWS 



Tarr Leaving Selective Service; 
amed to State Department Post 



nt Nixon has nominated Di- 
Curtis W. Tarr for the 
:reated post of Under-Secre- 
State for Security Assistance 
las. 

confirmation by the Senate, 
irr will supervise military 
l-aid programs, sales of mili- 
uipment, and economic sup- 
assistance programs. 
iuties will involve insuring 



that all forms of military assistance 
to foreign countries conform to ad- 
ministration foreign policy. 

Dr. Tarr's nomination was ap- 
proved by the Senate Foreign Re- 
lations Committee on April 25. 

As of press time, action on Tarr's 
nomination had not been scheduled 
by the full Senate. Deputy Director 
Byron V. Pepitone is expected to be 
named Acting Director. 



*Fiarewett' m ~Me88tigc from ti\e ^Director 



Changes in Public Information 
Regs Published 

:d amendments to Selective 1. The requester shall pay only 25 
Regulations concerning Pub- cents per page, rather than the 



omation were prepublished 
)lic review April 1 in the 
f Register, a daily government 
tion listing changes in federal 
rules and regulations, 
proposed Part 1608 (for- 
entitled "Payment for Per- 
ervices") consists of a revised 
that formerly appearing in 
tions of Part 1606 being re- 
whichare: 1606:31, 1606.32, 
I, 1606.35, 1606.37-1606.42, 
5-1606.63. 

pple language, here are some 
pts of the proposed public in- 
ion amendments: 



present $1.00 per page, for pro- 
cessed copies of File Folders (SSS 
Form 101) or other identifiable 
records or documents prepared on 
SSS equipment. In addition, if 
records are copied by a private 
firm, the requester must pay for 
the expense of copying; he must 
also pay for the System em- 
ployee's time spent to witness 
the reproduction — at a rate of 
$1.00 per quarter-hour after the 
first quarter-hour. As the reg 
stands now, the requester must 
pay $5.00 per hour or fraction 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 




it of state directors contemplating the remarks of Dr. Curtis Tarr during 
ffiote address at the State Directors Conference. 

State Directors Converge 
on Washington 



16-17 saw state directors 
g to the Washington, D. C. 
Hotel for the first State Di- 

Conference since Dr. Curtis 
ok over the System two years 

:h 15 was devoted completely 
ing the directors registered 
ttled, and giving them the 
to visit National Headquar- 
d talk in person to manv of 



the people they had dealt with pre- 
viously only on the telephone. 

The meetings began in earnest on 
the 16th with an opening address by 
Mr. Dan Cronin, Deputy Director 
for Operations. Mr. Cronin then in- 
troduced Dr. Tarr who gave a key- 
note speech to the state directors on 
achievements within the System, 
past and future, and on the then 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



D 



'EPARTURE introduces a moment of sadness, as one leaves 
friends and cause and the challenge we have shared. But quickly we 
set these aside to remember fellowship and the thrill of cooperation 
in meeting the tests of turbulent times. I go with a feeling of gratitude 
for what each of you has done to serve our nation in a crucial way. 

Soon I hope to submit a final statement 
to the President that I can share with you 
In a more personal way, may 1 give you 
my sincere thanks? 1 will continue to 
remember you and look with admiration 
upon the way in which you have 
transformed our System to the benefit of 
all Americans. 



Curtis W. Tarr 

April 28. 1972 




Supreme Court Restricts 
Civil Suits Against System 



In an important decision on March 
21 in FEIN v. SELECTIVE SERVICE 
SYSTEM LOCAL BOARD NO. 7 OF 
YONKERS, NY., the Supreme Court 
carefully qualified the right of regis- 
trants to bring civil suits against the 
Selective Service System. 

The v plaintiff in this case, Dr. 
Oliver T. Fein, is a New York con- 
scientious objector claimant, who, 
in February 1969, filed a preinduc- 
tion suit in the U. S. District Court 
for the Southern District of New 
York, challenging, on due process 
grounds, the constitutionality of his 
appeal procedures and seeking de- 
claratory and injunctive relief that 
would prevent his induction. 

Fein's action was the result of his 
local board CO classification being 
appealed by the State Director. The 
state appeal board— and later the 
national board— unanimously clas- 
sified Fein 1-A and rejected his CO 
claim without giving any reasons. 

The Supreme Court, in ruling 
against Fein, conceded that while 
System procedures may not have 
been correctly applied in the case, 
it was nevertheless distinguished 
horn the Ostereich and Breen cases 
in that those latter ones involved 
administrative actions which de- 



prived registrants of classifications 
or deferments for reasons unrelated 
to the merits of their claim to ex- 
emption or deferment. In contrast, 
the Court ruled, Dr. Fein's classifi- 
cation action was a product of the 
"process and system of classifica- 
tion"; therefore, the provisions of 
10(b)(3) of the Military Selective Act 
(which purports to bar all civil suits 
against the System) controlled the 
disposition of Fein's suit. 

The high court pointed out, how- 
ever, that its decision did not assure 
Dr. Fein's induction since decisions 
of the lower courts have held that in 
a criminal case (as opposed to a civil 
suit against the System) a registrant 
is entitled to reasons for the denial 
of a classification where he has made 
out a prima facie case for such a clas- 
sification. The court further pointed 
out that the new regulations, though 
not retroactive in application, also 
entitle a registrant to reasons for the 
denial of requested classification. 

Justice Douglas and two other 
members of the high court dis- 
sented, stating their opinion that 
a pre-induction review by the court 
should be permitted here under the 
Oestereich doctrine. 



FROM THE DIRECTOR 

The Second Half of the Game 



in regards to the future ol the 
Selective Sen i< e System and the 
resolution ol its remaining 
I feel the < losing remarks of Deputy 
Dim lor Byron Pepitone .11 our recent 
National State Dire< tors Conference 
bear rep 

Mr. Pepitone opened his address b) 
< iting the System "game plai 
envisioned In Senator Lloyd Bentsen 
during the Senate Armed Services 
Subcommittee hearings Marc h 10. 
Ideally, we are supposed to: 
". . . manage efficiently, in a fair 
and equitable fashion for all who 
are affected, what was formerly a 
very decentralized system and to 
make all parts of it pull together 
to implement the new procedures 
prescribed by the 1971 
amendments to the law." 
Mr. Pepitone continued his remarks 
i>\ stating the following broad aims 

i mable goals: 
' IRS I : All registrants must be 

led uniform treatment under the 
law and they should receive free 
c ounseling and advice concerning 
their rights and privileges from 
concerned and informed System 
employees, with a minimum of 
inconvenience and delay. 



To ac c omplish this goal, we must, 
specifically: (1 ) Guarantee all the new 
procedural rights written into Section 
JJ of the law; (2) Provide sufficient 
local and appeal hoards and advisors 
to registrants in a proper racial/ethnic 
balance to guarantee fair, expeditious, 
and competent action; (3) Train both 
our compensated and uncompensated 
personnel and keep them informed so 
that registrants may receive the most 
current and precise interpretation of 
System directives attainable anywhere; 
and (4) Keep fully informed of all the 
actions being taken throughout the 
System. This single requirement could 
suggest many goals in terms of 
inspection schedules and supervisory 
travel requirements, but to do so 
nationally holds little chance for 
success; the bigger, more reasonable 
goal is for each state director to 
assure for himself, and thereby make 
possible for the Director to assure the 
nation, that the Uniform National Call 
is working and that all available 
registrants with identical RSN's are 
called during the specified periods of 
time, after having been properly and 
expeditiously classified, counseled 
when required, and provided the full 
procedural rights authorized by 



Congress. 

SECOND: With inductions scheduled 
to end by the end of June 1 973, 
adequate plans must be made for a 
standby system with the ability to 
"come alive" rapidly and effectively 
in a national emergency. Implementing 
this several faceted requirement 
necessitates that we: (1) Recognize 
that between now and the onset of the 
Volunteer Army our principal mission 
is still the induction of personnel; 
(2) Plan to satisfy the requirements 
of Section 1 0(h) of the law, which 
dictates that we maintain an 
organizational structure, after active 
inductions have ceased, which can 
continue to register, classify and 
examine registrants; and (3) Plan to 
provide a compensated and 
uncompensated staff sufficiently 
motivated to remain with a standby 
system, and to remain sufficiently 
trained to form the nucleus of an 
expanded System in times of 
national emergency. 
THIRD: An organizational and 
management base must be provided 
with which we can simultaneously 
continue inductions, perfect new 
procedures, plan for standby, and 
move into standby with a philosophy 



geared to rapid and efficient e> 
and recovery when called. 

Contributing to- the realizatic 
these System goals will be: (1) 
modern data processing and 
accounting system which shou 
guarantee accurate and unifoR 
processing, and free state direc 
to perform their most critical 
function of supervising the op* 
portions of the System; and (2) 
personnel system reflecting up 
mobility, wherein Selective Si 
employees can anticipate a ca 
with reasonable progression 
and rewards. 

FOURTH: Last but certainly n) 
is the need to weld the fifty-six 
headquarters and national staf 
together in the spirit of a natia 
agency with a common aim. 

While the goals Mr. Pepiton 
describes in his speech are ca 
ambitious, I nevertheless have 
complete faith that the diligem 
dedication of Selective Service 
members will enable our Syste 
achieve these objectives in th| 
near future. 

Curtis W. Tar 



Legislative Liaison: System Pipeline to Capitol 



"The Director's eyes and ears on 
Capitol Hill" is one colorful de- 
scription given to National Head- 
quarter's Legislation and Liaison 
Office, the six-member "special 
staff function" whose goal is to 
assist the Director and Congress 
"in the firmness and confidence 
with which they deal with each 
other." 

"Our function," according to Mr. 
Samuel Shaw, Legislative Liaison 
Officer, "is to be sure the require- 
ments, problems and accomplish- 
ments of the System are understood 
by Congress in as accurate a manner 
as possible. For instance, whenever 
a bill concerning Selective Service 
is before Congress, we make sure 
committee chairmen and members 
are provided with all the informa- 
tion needed to accurately and prop- 
erly understand what we are asking 
for and why." 

Of necessity, this important job 
involves extensive personal contact 
with Congressmen. However, as 
Mr. Shaw points out, Legislative- 
Liaison is not involved in what is 
popularly known as "lobbying," or, 
as he puts it, "Beating the bushes up 
on the hill to attain unilateral ob- 
jectives." Legislative Liaison staffers 
may take the initiative, however, 
in providing information — espe- 
cially in their dealings with com- 



mittee chairmen and members, 
without whose help bills would 
never see the light of the Senate and 
House floor. 

Mr. Shaw and his staff provide 
Congress with comment on all 
System-related bills originating on 
Capitol Hill, after first clearing the 
opinion with the Office of Manage- 
ment and Budget, which coordinates 
the views of the Executive Branch of 
government as a whole. If the bill 
originates with the Administration, 
Legislative Liaison coordinates 
System opinion by drawing from the 
expertise of all National Headquar- 
ters branches,- after coordination in 
the Executive Branch, the Director 
then presents the resulting synthe- 
sis of ideas in his Congressional 
testimony. 

In this session of Congress, for 
example, Legislative Liaison has 
been requested to comment on more 
than 40 House and Senate bills and 
joint resolutions, on subjects rang- 
ing from Amnesty to Free Access to 
Government Information; in addi- 
tion, the staff group prepares regular 
reports for a half-dozen committees. 

The Legislative Liaison mission 
also includes publishing, every six 
months, a Semi-Annual Report of 
the Director of Selective Service, a 
booklet containing both a report 
required by statute and a Director's 



narrative on progress within the 
System. 

Mr. Shaw's staffers also partici- 
pate in a Legislative Tracking Sys- 
tem, whereby they keep the Office of 
Management and Budget informed 
on the progress of any System-re- 
lated bill currently under considera- 
tion by Congress. 

And that isn't all. Much of 
Legislative Liaison's day-to-day 
activities are taken up in answering 
letters and phone calls— especially 
Congressmen's queries pertaining to 
their state and districts and draft 
problems of their constituents 
therein. Mr. Edwin Cash, Deputy 
Legislation and Liaison Officer, 
tells us: 

"Any day any Congressman is 
likely to call and ask us for anything. 
We've handled as many as 100 Con- 
gressional queries in a single day. 
Now most Hill offices aren't trying 
to shove us around— they just want 
to help their constituents. They 
want us to look into any particular 
problem situation and give them it's 
current status, and our job is to 
make sure these inquiries are taken 
care of." 

Ably assisting Mr. Shaw and Mr. 
Cash in this plethora of informa- 
tional endeavors are the rest of the 
Legislation and Liaison Staff; Mr. 
Francis S. Drath, Editorial Writer; 
Mrs. Kay B. Barker, Congressional 



Liaison; Mrs. Betty M. Galul 
tary to Legislation and 
Officer; and Mrs. Virginia B 
Secretary to Deputy Legislat 
Liaison Officer. 

System members can rest 
that Mr. Shaw and Mr. Cas 
to their jobs an "insider's" 
edge of goings-on in the r. 
arena. Mr. Shaw served for 
years on the Professional Sta 
Preparedness Subcommittee 
Senate Armed Services Com 
in addition, this retired 
Corps Brigadier General hac 
sive contact with Congr< 
policies as Director of Policy 
sis and Deputy Chief of S 
Research and Development 
rine Corps Headquarters in 
ington. Mr. Cash, previously 
Comptroller, is a lawyer wh< 
one session in the House a 
sessions as State Senator 
Arkansas General Assembly. 

All diese dedicated peo{ 
form a coordinating and trai 
function for Selective Ser 
that all communication . 
from National Headquart 
Congress is channeled 1 
Legislative Liaison to mal 
the left hand knows what tl 
is doing, and to insure that D 
is presented in a way most 
to implementing Congre 
understanding. 



Ernie Fears Excels as Black State Director f 



bribing the visit of Virginia 
)irector Ernie Fears — a black 
to a Lynchburg, Virginia high 
assembly, a student editorial 
penned this moving tribute: 
at Ernest Fears did was accept 
set the challenge of an audi- 
if bored students. He knew 
le wanted to say ; he said it. 
important of all, Mr. Fears 
ited his own fierce convic- 
md solid faith in God. His 
n what he was saying exuded 
/ery word. 

yone in the audience listened; 
hard not to listen. Here was 
pssful man with a powerful 
ig voice talking intimately 
ich of us as individuals. Quiet 
i— a miracle in itself— while 
nfted us with opportunities 
h, to digest and to enjoy, 
secrets employed by Ernest 
n seducing us are simple. He 
.•rested in youth. He loves 
. He puts his faith to work 
Xids up for his beliefs. 
had the privilege of hearing 
ue man open himself up for 
s dreams, his experiences, 
irdships, his successes. He 
our language and came ex- 
to talk to us ; we responded 
genuine appreciation and 
lent." 

st Donald Fears Jr., 39, be- 
he first black Selective Serv- 
ite director nominated by a 

jority of 
ericans Oppose 
ronditional 

nesty, Gallup Poll 
iws 

e the furor over amnesty rages 

ig pohticans and newspaper 

rs— due in part to the mtro- 

onof Senator Robert Taft's 

ill conditionally par- 

il draft resistors — 

K. magazine gauged 

street opinion by 

ssioning the Gallup Organiza- 

to measure American public 

ides toward amnesty for 

lam draft evaders. 

rveying a national sample of 

idults 18 years and older, the 

tp people first asked them: 

you favor or oppose amnesty 

Lmericans who have left the 

try to avoid the draft and for 

: who have gone to jail rather 

be drafted ?" Their answers : 

Oppose 

Favor 28% 

Don't Know 14% 
iwever, when the 72% who 
sed or didn't know about 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



Governor in our nation's history in 
December, 1970. Fear's appointment 
could be seen as something of a 
paradox, however, because he ad- 
mittedly dislikes the draft system,- 
conversely, he heartily approves of 
the volunteer army concept. But 
until that idea becomes a reality 
Mr. Fears will continue to work 
diligently to insure fairness and 
efficiency in his local boards. 

And these aren't just empty 
words: Mr. Fears — a former Florida 
A&M basketball star and coach at 
Norfolk State College — has been 
energetically traversing the Old 
Dominion state, visiting all but two 
of his 129 local boards, in an attempt 
to expedite System effectiveness 
and change what he calls "the 
mystique of the Selective Service 
System." 

In his statewide travels, this 
towering (6'4") but amiable man 
has been pushing for greater board 
representation for women, youth 
and minority peoples. In presenting 
him with the National Equal Em- 
ployment Opportunity Award at the 
recent State Directors Conference 
in Washington, Dr. Curtis Tarr 
noted that in Mr. Fears' first 15 
months as director minority re- 
presentation on Virginia's local 
draft boards has doubled, to 120 of a 
total 537 members. 

Has Mr. Fears felt the rough edge 
of racial friction in his sojourns 



Majority of 
Americans Favor 
Year of Service 

Despite widespread disenchant- 
ment with the Vietnam war, 68% 
of Americans still favor one year 
of service for young men in either 
the military forces or in non- 
military work, a recent Gallup 
Poll revealed. 

Surveying a national sample of 
1,503 adults- 18 and older- in 
300 localities nationwide during 
the period December 10 to 13, 
1971, the Gallup people posed 
this question: 

"Would you favor or oppose 
requiring all young men to give 
a year of service to the nation — 
either in the military forces, or in 
non-military work here or abroad, 
such as VISTA or the Peace Corps? " 

Here are the national results: 
Favor 68% 

Oppose 

No Opinion 7% 

According to Gallup, for the 
last three decades a substantial 
majority of Americans have 
favored a period of required na- 
tional service. 

A special survey of 1,523 young 
people 16—29 years, conducted in 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



across this ex-Confederate state on 
whose ground much of the Civil 
War was fought? Indeed! But as he 
comments stoically on these occa- 
sional incidents: 

"Something I've learned in this 
job: Not all white men who say 
'nigra' are bigots and not all black 
men who say 'brother' are brothers 
I don't care if people say 'nigra - 
some just can't say 'knee-grow'— as 
long as they put us on these boards." 

Fears, who has said that he wants 
to am a draft system that both black 
and white young men think is fair, 
is particularly concerned with what 
he considers "weaknesses" in the 
way registrants are classified, or fail 
to get classified, as conscientious 
objectors. 

The Virginia State Director feels 
that the more articulate person is 
better equipped to argue his CO 
case than the less articulate who 
predominate among the poor whites 
and poor blacks. To help combat 
this inequity, Mr. Fears stresses the 
need for a "broad structure that re- 
lates to the community, so that the 
applicant can relate to someone on 
the board," be he poor, middle- 
class, wealthy, black, or white. 

Whatever criticism he has of basic 
System weaknesses, Mr. Fears goes 
out of his way to avoid criticism of 
local board members per se: 

"They are good people (in) a 
thankless, complicated job." Or as 




Virginia State Director Ernie Fears, left, 
gets an Equal Employment Opportunity 
award from Dr Curtis Tarr at the 
recent State Directors Conference in 
Washington. 

he explained to the Washington 
Post last September 23: 

"If a draft board does the right 
thing with a registrant and he goes, 
he certainly doesn't like it. If they 
do the wrong thing with him and he 
goes, you know he's got to be a 
bitter man." 

"Nobody ever is going to thank 
us for drafting him, so I try to let 
our people know that I, at least, 
appreciate the good work they do." 

The student reporter quoted at the 
beginning of this article was under- 
stating the case when he (or she] 
said Ernie Fears was interested in 
youth— in truth, he could hardly get 
along without them. Ernie, who has 
two boys himself (10 and 13), was 
quoted by the Post as saying: 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



Dentist Gets Prison Sentence 
for Aiding Draft Resistors 






A Woodland Hills, California den- 
tist, Dr. Bernard Bender, 52, was 
sentenced February 28 to 15 years 
in prison and fined $30,000 for 
fitting young men with unnecessary 
braces so they could escape the draft. 

Federal Judge Andrew Hauk said 
Dr. Bender's crime "smacks of 
treason," and added that the dentist 
misused his professional abilities 
to commit "sham, fraud, and de- 
ceit." In imposing this maximum 
sentence, Judge Hauk hinted he 
might reduce it after a psychiatric 
study of Bender's motives. 

In the Los Angeles proceedings, 
Assistant U. S. Attorney David Fox 
demanded a substantial jail term, 
saying that the doctor had helped 
80 men evade the draft. 

Bender's attorney, Lawrence 
Steinberg, said he would appeal and 
requested that appeal bond be set, 
but this was opposed by Fox, who 
noted that the dentist had fled the 
country on a yacht when he was 
wanted as a grand jury witness in 
the draft evasion investigation. 

Expressing concern that Bender 
might flee again, Hauk revoked 
his $25,000 bail and gave both sides 
seven weeks to file written argu- 
ments on whether appeal bond 
should be set. 



The Woodland Hills dentist was 
convicted fanuary 25, 1972 on three 
counts charging that he aided a draft 
registrant by falsely prescribing 
orthodontic treatment that would 
make the young man ineligible for 
induction. Before his trial, which 
began October 5, 1971, the U.S. 
Attorney's office indictment charged 
that Bender fitted draft registrants 
with orthodontic braces and sup- 
plied them with a letter stating they 
were undergoing treatment; he then 
removed the devices the day after 
the registrant was found unac- 
ceptable by AFEES. Allegedly, he 
charged $150 for this service. 

Ten young men who Bender 
helped in this manner— including 
his 22-year-old son Lawrence— 
were also indicted. At the time of 
the dentist's conviction, five of 
these registrants had been found 
guilty, one had pleaded guilty, two 
(including Lawrence) had won dis- 
missals, one had a deadlocked jury, 
and one remained to be tried. 

During the trial, Bender stated 
publicly he had helped draft resistors 
because he was opposed to the 
Vietnam war ; however, in denying 
his criminal charges, he testified 
that the dental braces he prescribed 
were really needed. 



System's First Nun Named 
to New York Board 



Local Board No. 71 Belmont, New 
York has scored a real System "first" 
with the addition of its newest 
member— a Roman Catholic nun. 

Sister Patricia Gilbert, 30, ap- 
pointed to the Belmont Board 
January 19, is believed to be the 




SISTER PATRICIA GILBERT, THE FIRST 
nun ever to serve on a draft board in the 
U. S., looks forward to working with 
conscientious objectors in her new job 
at Local Board No. 71 in Belmont, 
Mew York. 



first nun ever to serve on a draft 
board in the United States, besides 
being the first woman ever named to 
Local 71. A member of the Sisters 
of Mercy since 1959, Sister Patricia 
is currently in her second year as 
principal of Immaculate Concep- 
tion, a parochial elementary school 
in nearby Wellsville, New York. 

Describing the sister as a "dy- 
namic young woman," Board Vice- 
Chairman Carlton Coats said he 
recommended her for appointment 
because of her many contributions 
to education and to the community, 
and because of the particular in- 
terest she has shown in the plight 
of conscientious objectors. 

COs, according to Sister Patricia, 
are "people who really need people 
to be interested in them. There are 
so many who are sincere in this 
conviction." She feels conscientious 
objection to certain aspects of mili- 
tary service is "a growing phase." 

A native of Niagara Falls, New 
York, Sister Patricia taught in Buf- 
falo and Albion, New York schools 
after graduating from Medaille 
College in Buffalo. She is currently 
working on her M.A. degree at 
Niagara University. 



Computer Service Center in 
Full Swing! 



CHANGES 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

thereof in excess of one quarter 
hour. 

2. Complaints concerning System 
employees' abuse of confidential 
information, failure to respond to 
inquiries, or denial of information 
may be taken to the state director 
in the case of state headquarters 
or local board employees and to 
the National Director in the case 
of National Headquarters em- 
ployees. If the complainant is 
still not satisfied he may petition 
General Counsel at National 
Headquarters, whose decision is 
final. 

3. A request for information at a 
Selective Service office may be 
taken care of entirely at the local 
board level without having to 
work through the state director; 
this latter procedure of petition- 
ing the state director is presently 
outlined in Local Board Memor- 
andum No. 97 (issued April 4, 
1969). 

4. Any person properly authorized 
to examine records or informa- 
tion may copy it by hand, photo- 
graph it, or use portable copying 
equipment so long as the use of 
this equipment doesn't disrupt 
normal operations of the SSS 
office. 

All of the proposed amendments 
were prepublished in accordance 
with the 1971 amendment to the 
draft law which requires that all 
changes in Selective Service regula- 
tions be proposed to the public by 
printing them in the Federal Register 
at least 30 days in advance of the 
date they are to take effect. 



indefinite nature of his own future 
career. 

The state directors were given a 
tour of the Computer Service Center 
that afternoon by Major Ronald 
Schmiedekamp so they could see 
the computer and machinery set-up 
that handles the new Registrant In- 
formation Bank system. 

On the 16th and 17th the directors 
also met with the various office and 
division heads at National, each 
manager giving a short presentation 
to the group and afterwards an- 
swering questions. At the end of the 
conference each state director was 
presented with a binder containing 
verbatim all the speeches and state- 
ments made by the various division 
managers. Also included in this 
package were transcripts of the Ken- 
nedy Sub-committee hearings on 
Draft Procedures and Administra- 
tive Possibilities for Amnesty. 

The Conference encompassed an 
awards luncheon honoring the Local 
Board Managers of the Year. Dr. 
Tarr presented awards to Mr. Eli P. 
Plaskow of Pennsylvania, Mrs. Mary 
Murphy of Maryland, and Miss Alice 
A. Thomas of Kentucky. The Equal 
Employment Opportunity Award 
was given to Colonel Melvin N. 
Glantz, Texas State Director, and 
Mr. Ernest Fears, Virginia State 
Director. 

The climax of the conference was 
a black tie dinner and dance for the 
state directors and National Head- 
quarters staff members and their 
wives on the evening of March 1 7. 



Use Dl limit' loi printing ol this publication approved by the 
Dnectoi ol toe iiuomu i| me Budget. August 7, 1968 

This monthly bulletin is .1 medium of information between 
Nalional Headguaiteis ,inrl utiiei components ol the Selective 

Service System as well as tenerai public Howevei noth- 
ing contained herein may be accepted as modifying or en- 
larging provisions ol the Military Selective Service Act or any 



1724 F Street N W . Washington. C 20435 For sale by 
the Superintendent ot Documents. U S Governmenl Print- 
ing Obice Washington. D C 20402-pnce 10 cenls (single 
copy) Subscription Price St 00 per year 25 cenls lor foreign 



The afternoon of March 16 was an 
exciting one for the Computer Ser- 
vice Center! The State Directors and 
two lovely ladies accompanying 
them were taken on a tour of the 
Center during their annual confer- 
ence in Washinton, D. C, and were 
given a briefing on and demonstra- 
tion of the computer equipment. All 
concerned felt that is was a most 
rewarding afternoon for the per- 
sonnel of the Center as well as for 
the visitors. 

In other computer developments, 
something new has been added to 



the TC500 memory— it ha, 
increased from 128 to 320) 
and is now referred to as '"fli 
This increased memory wil 
the Service Centers to 
accounting and payroll transj 
before being transmitted < 
Computer Center. This will 
in greater accuracy and fasfl 
duction of reports. As of th| 
ing, testing of the progri 
handle the data communiq 
lines is in full swing, and Corj 
Center personnel are certain; 
transmission of accounti 
payroll data beginning on 




Pictured here is the type of TC525 (formerly TC500) Terminal now in opera 
Regional Service Centers. Do not pay attention to the girl-she is not a com 



MAJORITY OPPOSE 
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 3 
general amnesty were asked their 
opinions concerning granting of 
amnesty on condition that the 
pardoned men serve time in na- 
tional service work (Peace Corps, 
hospitals, etc.), 43% of the re- 
spondents favored this proposition, 
22% opposed it, and 7% didn't 
know. 

Deserters came off worse than 
draft resisters in the poll. When 
asked "Do you favor or oppose 
amnesty for Americans who have 
deserted from the armed forces 
because they oppose the war in 
Vietnam?" the sample replied 
thusly: 

Oppose 63% 

Favor 23% 

Don't Know 14% 

Interviewees were also asked 

when they thought amnesty should 

be put into effect— immediately, 

or when no more American troops 

are being sent to Vietnam, or when 

the draft is over, or some other 

time. The results (among the 71% 

who favored amnesty, conditional 

or unconditional): 

Immediately 37% 

No Troops in Vietnam 13% 
After draft 10% 

Other 5% 

Don't Know 6% 

Strong citizen support for Lt. 
William Calley was shown in 
answer to the question "Do you 

MAJORITY FAVOR 
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 3 

mid- 1971, shows 58% of American 
youth favorable to a proposal re- 
quiring males 18-years-old, or 
who have finished high school, to 
spend one year in some form of 
service to their country. Even 
among those most immediately 
affected by this plan — the 16-19 
age group— a majority of 56% 
expressed approval. 



favor or oppose amnesty fq 
Lieutenant William Calley or an 
other Americans who have 
convicted of war crimes in VieJ 
nam?" 49% favored it, 24% ^ 
posed it, and 27% didn't know 

So far in this report, the result 
have been drawn from the popula 
tion sample as a whole; broke 
down demographically, with re 
spect to sex, age, and veterai 
status, the findings are prett 
much what one would expeel 
Amnesty was favored more b; 
women than by men (30 to 2i 
more by non-vets than by veteran 
(34 to 27%), and more by the youn| 
— 18-39 years — than by the oil 
(32 to 25%.) 

But there is a surprise findin| 
in the youth sample: Althougl 
young people favored amnesty fo' 
draft resisters more than theil 
elders did they were also mow 
favorable than the older grout, 
towards amnesty for Lt. Calle] 
and other Americans convicted ol 
war crimes (53 to 46%.) 




no 

i 



WASHINGTON. DC. • JUNE 1972 



Selective Service NEWS 



PEPITONE SERVES 
! ACTING DIRECTOR 

iCTTVE May 1, former Selec- 
Service Deputy Director Byron 
epitone assumed the office of 
ng Director of the System, re- 
ing former Director Curtis W. 
, who resigned to fill the newly 
:ed post of Under Secretary of 
: for Coordinating Security 
stance Programs. 
r. Pepitone, 54, joined the Sys- 
as Deputy Director in April 



1970, and has played a major role 
in implementing the numerous 
changes that have taken place in 
draft policy since 1969. His leader- 
ship of the System's management 
advisory group fused divergent 
policy views into a coherent na- 
tional policy of induction, placing 
primary emphasis on equity to the 
draft registrant. 

A retired Air Force Colonel, Mr. 
Pepitone served with the Eighth 
Air Force in Europe during World 
War II and with the Air University, 
SHAPE, Headquarters U.S. Air 
Force, and the Air Force Communi- 



cations Service. 

Prior to his retirement Septem- 
ber 7, 1970, Mr. Pepitone served as 
military executive assistant to Dr. 
Curtis W. Tarr, who was then As- 
sistant Secretary of the Air Force 
for Manpower and Reserve Affairs. 

He is a graduate of the Army 
Command and General Staff Col- 
lege, the Air Command and Staff 
College, Air University and NATO 
Defense College, and he numbers 
among his awards the Distin- 
guished Service Medal, the Legion 
of Merit with two oak leaf clusters, 
CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. 




System 

Announces 

New Call: 1-35 

eligible men with lottery 
ibers 1-35 who have not al- 
y been issued induction orders 
April or May will be issued 
rs with June reporting dates, 
System announced May 9. In 
■March it had been announced 
1972 prime induction candi- 
s with lottery numbers 1 
ugh 1 5 would be issued orders 
i April-May reporting dates 
that the lottery number would 
lised in early -May to provide 
uate men for June inductions. 
lis new instruction primarily 
:ts members of the 1972 First 
rity Selection Group, although 
nail number of older men— 
e who have recently lost defer- 
ts or whose initial postpone- 
ts of induction expire in (une 
ill also be issued orders for 
inductions. 

structions were also given for 
itrants in the 1972 First Prior- 
selection Group with RSN 75 
elow to be ordered for Armed 
es Examination as soon as 
ible. 

lis call completes System ae- 
on the April-May-June draft 
for 15,000 men announced in 
f March by the Defense Depart - 
X. An estimated 6,000 men will 
nducted by the end of May, 
i the remaining expected to 
r the Army in June. 
)cal boards may not issue m- 
ion orders after May 31, due to 
recent revised regulation that 
itrants must receive at least 
CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



WASHINGTON New Draft 

COURT RACKS 1-0's Brochures Ready 
IN GARDINER CASE for Distribution 



A FEDERAL District Judge ruled 
in favor of the plaintiffs in a recent 
civil action in the United States 
District Court for the District of 
Columbia in which the plaintiffs 
classified as conscientious objec- 
tors complained that they were 
ordered to perform compulsory 
service at a time when all regis- 
trants classified 1-A and 1-A-0 
were not being ordered to report 
for induction and were in fact 
being placed in a selection group 
making it virtually certain that 
they would not be ordered for 
induction. 

In this 1-0 processing case, 
STEPHEN H. GARDINER v. CUR- 
TIS W. TARR, the plaintiffs are a 
group of 1-0 registrants who were 
either members of the 1971 ex- 
CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. 



SEVEN NEW informative bro- 
chures informing young men of 
their draft rights and responsibil- 
ities have been rewritten and ex- 
panded to include all changes in 
the 1971 amendments to the 
Military Selective Service Act and 
all implementing regulations. 

Five of these brochures, "Per- 
spective on the Draft," "Lottery 
and Class 1-H," "The Draft -Past, 
Present, Future," "Hardship Defer- 
ment," and "Conscientious Objec- 
tors," were due for shipment to 
State "Headquarters — and subse- 
quent distribution to local boards 
— as soon as possible after May 21. 
Copies of each brochure will be 
mailed separately to all uncom- 
pensated personnel. 

Two other new brochures, "Al- 
CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. 




Dr. Curtis Tarr had an appreciative smile for everyone at the farewell reception 
given him by National Headquarters staff at the Federal Deposit Insurance 
Corporation in Washington. 



Changes in Public 

Information 

Regs Published 

AMENDMENTS to Selective Serv- 
ice Regulations concerning Public 
Information became effective May 
6, and were published May 5 in 
the FEDERAL REGISTER, a daily 
government publication listing 
changes in federal agency rules 
and regulations. 

Part 1608 — Public Information 
(formerly entitled "Payment for 
Personal Services") consists of a 
revised text of that formerly ap- 
pearing in the sections of Part 1606 
now revoked, which were: 1606.31, 
1606.32, 1606.34, 1606.35, 1606.37 
-1606.42, 1606.55-1606.63. 

In simple language, here are 
some highlights of the new public 
infomiation amendments: 

1 The requester shall pay only 25 
cents per page, rather than the 
present $1.00 per page, for pro- 
cessed copies of File Folders (SSS 
Form 101) or other identifiable 
records or documents prepared on 
SSS equipment. In addition, if 
records are copied by a private 
firm, the requester must pay for 
the expense of copying; he must 
also pay for the System employee's 
time spent to witness the repro- 
duction—at a rate of $1.00 per 
quarter-hour after the first quarter- 
hour. The old reg states that the 
requester must pay $5.00 per hour 
or fraction thereof in excess of one 
quarter hour. 

2 Complaints concerning System 
employees' abuse of confidential 
information, failure to respond to 
inquiries, or denial of information 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. 



FROM THE ACTING DIRECTOR 



CATCHING UP 
WITH CHANGE 

As I take over the 
responsibilities of serving as 
Acting Director, I would like to 
convey to our Selective Service 
family some of my thoughts 
concerning the future shape and 
direction of the System. 

But before going on, I would 
like to join all System employees 
in bidding goodbye and 
extending best wishes to 
Dr. Curtis W. Tarr, who left us 
May first to assume the position 
of Undersecretary of State for 
Coordinating Security 
Assistance Programs. Surely 
all of us agree that Dr. Tarr 
inherited a most difficult job 
when he assumed the position of 
Director of Selective Service, 
and that he deserves our deepest 
appreciation for the sincerity and 
conscientious conviction with 
which he carried out his 
responsibilities. 

Underlying the sweeping 
changes initiated by the 



President and put into effect by 
Dr. Tarr was the concept that 
Selective Service would function 
most effectively as a national 
agency with common and 
uniform goals and equality of 
treatment accorded to all 
registrants. 

I, too, share the belief that the 
System needs this spirit of 
unification to bind together 
National Headquarters, the 
56 State Headquarters, and all 
local boards, and I want to 
assure each of you that I propose 
to continue the progressive 
concepts already set in motion. 

With most major regulation 
changes having been instituted 
already, I intend to insure that 
the new policies and procedures 
are refined in a manner 
consistent with preserving 
System morale and efficiency; in 
a way, you might say we will 
now concentrate on allowing 
System employees at all levels 
to "catch up with change." 

As you probably know, the 
current draft authority is 
scheduled to expire on June 30, 



1973. The question of whether 
the Administration will request, 
or Congress will vote, to continue 
induction authority past this 
point is uncertain, although 
Administration and 
Congressional leaders have 
consistently said they hope 
to end reliance on the draft 
by that date. 

If the induction authority is 
not extended, we will be 
required by law to operate the 
System in a standby status. And 
we must remember that a standby 
system will require a highly 
efficient organizational structure 
that can cope with any 
emergency needs for manpower. 
The effect on personnel and 
budget levels of establishing 
a standby system also is 
uncertain, although some cuts 
should be expected. In any case, 
I do not expect that these 
reductions will be considered by 
Congress in the immediate 
future, nor that major reductions 
would be necessary until some- 
time in 1974. 

Until July 1973, our principal 



m 




mission will be to provide 
men for the Armed Forces, am 
I wish to assure each of you 
that National Headquarters wil 
support System members in th 
task to the best of its ability. 
In turn, I ask all Selective 
Service System employees to 
work together for our commor, 
goals as we strive for the most 
fair and efficient draft system 
this country has ever known. 

Byron V. Pepitone 



PR-Oriented State Director Psyches Out Registrants^ 



REVEALED below are excerpts 
from a memorandum to all Penn- 
sylvania compensated employees 
by State Director Robert Ford. 
Subject? Good public relations 
between the registrant and his 
local board: 

"This registrant of ours, who is 
so frequently and so easily taken 
for granted, is an extremely com- 
plex person. Numerous influences 
play on him, and many of these in- 
fluences conflict with one another. 
For satisfactory relations with a 
registrant, you will benefit from 
remembering these significant 
facts: 

"1. FIE IS SELF-CENTERED. 
Most human beings are a walking 
mass of problems. He has problems 
that are domestic, political, finan- 
cial, religious, and medical. He 
craves to feel important, and he 
yearns to feel secure. His wants are 
generally greater than his capabil- 
ities. Often he does not know what 
he needs, and sometimes he does 
not even know what he really 
wants. Seldom does he know the 
best answer to his problems. 

"People are, in great measure, 
selfish. What they do is, to a con- 
siderable extent, what they believe 
will be in their own best interests. 
The decisions they make and die 
actions they take are largely those 
promising personal benefit or ad- 
vantage. The goal of each person 



is the greatest amount of personal 
satisfaction he can obtain, even 
though he may not be conscious 
of that fact. 

"2. HE IS CONFUSED. The 
registrant's life is a complicated 
life. He, himself, is many individ- 
uals — employee, taxpayer, con- 
sumer and, sometimes, parent. He 
is a member of various groups — 
family, church, social and the "Y". 
He gets advice from different 
sources and numerous people, 
therefore, who influence him along 
with you. His friends, neighbors, 
union and church all "get in their 
licks". 

"3. HE HAS FEARS. The regis- 
trant is a little afraid of govern- 
ment employees because they have 
a powerful voice in determining 
his future. He greatly prefers to 
think of himself as wanting to do 
what is right. He greatly prefers to 
think of what he does as voluntary 
cooperation. He resents thinking 
he is being made to do something. 

I know there are times when it is 
tough to swallow some of the prob- 
lems that confront you almost 
daily, but, it is expected from us 
as public servants to follow the 
Ten Commandments of Good Pub- 
lic Relations with our Registrants. 
(Sec helow.) 

Working satisfactorily with 
people is not part of our job— it is 
the entire job! □ 



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I/stem Kicks-Off It: 

Payroll 

DAY, July 3, 1972, will be the 
time payroll checks for all 
snsated employees will be 
ed completely by the Selec- 
ervicc System, using its own 
ugh's B3500 computer. 
ing the last three months, 
lyees at each service center 
National Headquarters have 
trained in the new payroll 
a, with the payroll database 
converted from the current 
ixy system. Each service 
: now has the capabilities 
for keypunching and trans- 
m of data for all payroll 
is, plus being the focal point 
ly questions on employee 
dual payroll records. The 
an Payroll Office |ACCP), 
d with the Computer Service 
r in Washington, D. C, has 
ireated for system-wide mon- 
l and control of the new 
iterized payroll system. The 
will be headed by Mr. Stanley 
ison. 

h the adoption of the new 
1 system, there will be some 
es. The actual date of pay 
rill remain the same for now 
ay possibly fall earlier in the 
..A leave and earnings state- 
replacing the current payroll 
e slips giving each employee 
date information concerning 
balances and pay check de- 



s Own Computerized 

Function 

ductions, will be mailed to each 
employee at his home address 
every two weeks beginning in July. 
Because of the new payroll sys- 
tem's higher degree of standardiza- 
tion, certain modifications to the 
current payroll files must be made. 
Individual employees affected will 
be receiving a letter on the follow- 
ing subjects: 

a. Standard amounts for addi- 
tional federal tax withhold- 
ings. 

b. Standard amounts for addi- 
tional state tax withholdings. 

c. Standard U. S. Savings Bond 
allotments. 

d. Standard union dues deduc- 
tions. 

In addition, the method of com- 
puting the amount withheld for 
state income taxes will be more 
accurate with the new payroll 
system. It is anticipated that there 
will be minor changes in the a- 
mounts withheld for state in- 
come taxes. 

We ask for the patience and 
understanding of each employee 
as these changes are made. The 
result will be an improved, more 
accurate and more responsive pay- 
roll system. Our goal is a modem, 
up-to-date payroll system which 
will provide each employee with 
better services. □ 



!ld Members Collaborate oo New RPM 



>JEW Bible of Selective Serv- 
rocedure, the Registrants 
ising Manual (RPM|, is get- 
l energizing infusion of good 
eld know how and experi- 
vith National Headquarters 
ig in approximately 16 Sys- 
aembers — all but two with 
tive Secretary backgrounds 
l all over the country to 
suggestions for improve- 
in the Manual, and in some 
to prepare the draft copy for 
:d RPM chapters. 
>' RPM "consultants" pro- 
which began late January 
aids June 9, has brought 
is from such diverse loca- 
as South Carolina and Utah 
rk with Operations Division 
Bona! for periods ranging 
wo to four weeks. When the 
im winds up, Operations will 
Drought in over 20 people to 
with Manual development — 
les include their Area Super- 
Chief of Local Board Opera- 
jroup Supervisor, and Execu- 
scretary. 

le purpose of the RPM," ex- 
Operations Division Man- 
Jlenn Bowles, "is to put all 



the information people in local 
boards should know into one place. 
We wanted field representation in 
the structure and details of the 
RPM so it will be understood by 
those who must use it at the 
local level." 

Commenting on the high quality 
of those chosen to strengthen and 
help clarify the RPM, Mr. Bowles 
pointed out: 

"The people brought in are 
selected through the State Direc- 
tors. These consultants must not 
be afraid to speak up, they must 
use good grammar, and they must 
have extensive knowledge of the 
System." 

Special sections of the new RPM, 
whether they be chapters or forms, 
are given in rough draft to every 
visiting System worker, who goes 
through them line by line, alone or 
in committee, voicing suggestions 
for improvement. 

"Our hope," Mr. Bowles com- 
ments optimistically, "is that 
after the RPM has been completed 
and is in the field we'll have the 
copy— with all necessary changes 
and omissions — ready for the Oper- 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. 



1-A CLASSIFICATION 

NO LONGER 

NECESSARY FOR 

ENLISTMENT 

LOCAL BOARD members should 
no longer be hassled by requests 
from Army recruiters to reclassify 
registrants from deferred or hold- 
ing classifications into Class 1-A 
for enlistment purposes. 

The Army Recruiting Command 
has instructed their recruiters not 
to ask local boards for registrant 
reclassifications, and, additionally, 
to enlist these registrants in strict 
accordance with the provisions of 
AR 601-201 (Army Enlistment). 

Recruiters have been informed 
that men in Class 1-H, as well as 
those in 3-A classifications with 
no more than one dependent, may 
be considered for enlistment with- 
out any reclassification into 1-A. 

(Change 15 in AR 601-210, 
scheduled for implementation May 
15, restricts enlistment to appli- 
cants with not more than one 
dependent, no matter what the 
registrant's draft classification.) □ 



Personnel-Fiscal 

Conference Benefits 
All Employees 

ONCE AGAIN Selective Service 
has taken definite steps towards 
a nationally equitable system — 
only this time for the benefit of its 
own employees. The "steps" refer 
to the Personnel and Fiscal Con- 
ference held in Denver, Colorado 
April 9-21, with two representa- 
tives from each state territory 
attending. 

The Personnel conferees were 
introduced to a new performance 
rating plan that will allow super- 
visors to be objective rather than 
subjective in employee judgments. 
This rating plan is part of the new 
Merit Promotion Program (de- 
signed to encompass managerial as 
well as clerical and support staff), 
which in turn is part of the person- 
nel manual created with the aid of 
the Civil Service Commission to 
serve all System employees. 

Fiscal conferees were trained in 

the new procedures necessary to 

implement payroll change-over 

from Treasury to Selective Serv- 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. 



System Intensities Drive to Hire Veterans 



PRESIDENT NIXON recently is- 
sued a memorandum to all Federal 
department and agency heads urg- 
ing them to exercise their full 
authority in improving the veteran 
job outlook. 

Acting Director Byron Pepitone 
has endorsed the concern expressed 
by President Nixon and has di- 
rected the organization of a nation- 
wide program aimed at hiring 
veterans. 

Manpower Administration Di- 
vision, National Headquarters — 



working closely with the Defense 
Department— will plug all System 
Service Centers and State Head- 
quarters into Project Transition 
sites at armed forces installations 
throughout the country. (Project 
Transition is an in-service program 
that prepares separating service- 
men for the civilian job market 
by providing employment contacts 
and/or training in civilian skills.) 
(Acting as a clearinghouse for all 
job openings within its region, the 
CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 




LIKE FATHER. LIKE DAUGHTER. Washington. D.C. Director John Martin, left. 
swears in Mrs. Valerie D. Perkins, center, as a member of D. C. Local Board No. 4 
on March 22. She replaces none other than her own father. George Dixon, right, 
who has served more than 20 years as a member of Washington Local Board 
No. 14 and as Chairman of Local Board No. 4. Mrs. Perkins' husband is in the 
Marine Corps and has just departed for Okinawa. 



Lt. Col. Cajetan Tocco, the Manager of Inspection Services Division at New 
Jersey State Headquarters, lectures on new registration procedures at a one-day 
training seminar for uncompensated personnel of Bergen and Essex counties, 
New Jersey. This informative meeting, held April 6 in West Orange, New Jersey's 
National Guard Armory, was the kickoff for a series of six seminars convened 
throughout the Garden State in April. 



! Pi 



'•W»3 «* '5 



COURT BACKS 1-O's 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 
tended priority selection group or 
1971 first priority selection group. 
However, none of these men had 
been issued Form 153 (Order to 
Report for Work) prior to Novem- 
ber 9, 1971 -the last date 1-A's 
received induction orders in 1971. 

Selective Service takes the posi- 
tion that it can order these 1-0's to 
work because they were not in the 
extended priority group of 1972 
(a group that escaped the draft 
since no calls were issued in their 
three months of eligibility— the 
first three months of 1972). The 
numbers of these 1-0's were 
reached the same time in 1971 as 
the numbers of their 1-A counter- 
parts, the System argues. However, 
the delay in 1-0 processing was 
necessitated by the time lag be- 
tween the initiation of their pro- 
cessing and their actual placement 
in suitable jobs. 

U. S. District Judge Thomas A. 
Flannery disagreed with Selective 
Service's position and decided in 
favor of the plaintiffs. However, 



there has been a Notice of Appeal 
filed by the Department of Justice 
in this decision which applies only 
to those plaintiffs actually named 
in this lawsuit and does not bind 
.Selective Service as regards other 
registrants. 

As of the time of this writing 
several other court actions involv- 
ing the same issues as Gardiner v. 
Tarr are in progress. In the mean- 
time, Selective Service is continu- 
ing to process 1-0 registrants who 
are in the same category as the 
plaintiffs in Gardiner v. Tarr to 
alternate service. □ 



NEW CALL: 1-35 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

30 days notice before induction. 

The April-May-June call covers 
the first series of inductions han- 
dled on a Uniform National Call 
System, in which all eligible regis- 
trants with the same lottery 
numbers are ordered to report in 
the same time period, regardless of 
their locations in the country. □ 



SYSTEM INTENSIFIES DRIVE 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 3. 
Service Center will send job de- 
scriptions to the Transition offices 
nearest to where the employment 
vacancy occurs.) 

In addition, letters have been 
sent out to all System contractors 
regarding their compliance with 
Executive Order 11598 in listing 
all company employment openings 
with Local Employment Services. 

All System members are urged 
to cooperate in this crucial veteran 
job drive, because as President 
Nixon so aptly put it: 

"... they have given a part of 
their lives in service to us, and the 
least we can do is give them every 
opportunity to find the place they 
deserve in our economic system. 
We have not only a moral obliga- 
tion toward them, but also an 
economic need to realize the po- 
tential productivity they offer." □ 



PEPITONE SERVES 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 
the Army Commendation Medal 
with oak leaf cluster and the Air 
Force Commendation Medal. 

A native of New Brunswick, 
New Jersey, Mr. Pepitone lives in 
Arlington, Virginia with his wife, 
the former Marolynn M. Mills of 
Perth Amboy, New Jersey. The 
Pepitones have two sons, Byron V., 
Jr., age 29, and James S., age 24. □ 

MEMBERS COLLABORATE 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 3. 
ations conference in June; this 
meeting will enable us to update 
the Manual so we'll have a near 
perfect copy." 

How do the participants feel 
about the efficacy of this program? 
Listen to a sample of two enthusi- 
astic RPM "advisors." 

"I think it's fantastic that they're 
giving us the opportunity to say 
what we think." —Mrs. Judy 
Dixon, Area Supervisor from Hous- 
ton, Texas. 

"I think it's just fabulous; being 
brought in here has been extremely 
helpful to me." —Mrs. Esther 
Hieny, Local Board Inspector in 
South Carolina. D 

CHANGES PUBLISHED 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 
may be taken to the StateDirector 
in the case of StateHeadquarters or 
local board employees and to the 
National Director in the case of 
National Headquarters employees. 
If the complainant is still not 
satisfied he may petition General 
Counsel at National Headquarters, 
whose decision is final. 

3 A request for information at a 
Selective Service office may be 
taken care of entirely at the local 
board level without having to work 
through the State Director; the old 
procedure of petitioning the State 
Director was outlined in Local 
Board Memorandum 97 (issued 
April 4, 1969). 

4 Any person properly authorized 
to examine records or information 
may copy it by hand, photograph 
it, or use portable copying equip- 
ment so long as the use of this 
equipment doesn't disrupt normal 
operations of the SSS office, or 
require undue assistance. 

All of the new amendments 
were prepublished in accordance 
with the 1971 amendment to the 
draft law which requires that all 
changes in Selective Service reg- 
ulations be proposed to the public 
by printing them in the "Federal 
Register" at least 30 days in ad- 
vance of the date they are to take 
effect. □ 



BROCHURES READY 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

iens" and "The Doctors D 
have been prepared. While 
iens" should be ready for mid 
distribution, "Doctors Drai 
being held back pending the 
come of policy changes \ 
current consideration. 

Spanish-language verskS 
these brochures will be avai 
and French translations wi 
produced if the demand jus 
the production expense. 

The Public Information 
also expects to send out a re 
version of the Defense Dt 
ment's "It's Your Choice" 
chure by mid-Summer; the cu 
version is not up to date a 
should be used only as a guide 
the new brochure is received. 

Implementing the pronu 
display of these brochures wi 
the fiberglass plastic brochun 
play racks currently being shi 
to state headquarters for dist 
tion to local boards. These i 
are designed for wall-hanging 
have eight display slots. 

Some other news in the pi 
information field: "Currici 
Guide to the Draft," compL 
revised to reflect all recent pi 
and regulation changes, shoui 
ready to go in late June. Outst 
ing requests for this booklet I 
school superintendents, princi; 
and boards now number 40, 
Enough copies for distributio 
all local boards will be auton 
cally sent to state headquarters 
all uncompensated employees 
receive a copy through the mai 

CONFERENCE BENEFITS EMPL 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 3. 
ice's own computers. They 
also informed of the new A 
mated Accounting System, w 
will coincide with the pa; 
change-over and facilitate pr 
cost accounting and control 

In addition, a revised Fiscal B 
ual was issued showing the 
codes used in conjunction 
computer operation, as wel 
simplified accounting proced 
for state and service center use, 



proved by t 
get, August 



Headquarters and otr 



portents ot the Selective 
as the general public I- 
tained herein may be ace 
enlarging provisions ot 
Service Act or any other a 
Communications should t 
ot Public Information. National HeE 
Selective Service System. 1724 F Street 
Washington. D C 20435 For sale by the Sup 
intendent ot Documents. U. S. Government Pr 
ing Office, Washington. DC 20402-pnce 
cents (single copy) Subscription price $1.00j 
year: 25 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



rvice System ■< 
vever, nothinc 
ited as modifying 
e Military Selecl 
! of Congres 
addressed t, 

adquartt 



WASHINGTON. D. C. • JULY 1972 




Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



OOCOWiti^i- 



irwr 



," 



nd the establishment ot the new. constitutes a period 

tnsition, which must always necessarily be one of 

tainty, contusion, error and wild and tierce lanati- 

John C. Calhoun — 7850 

er mandate of President Nixon, Dr. Cur- 
. Tarr, the first new Director of Selective 
ce in thirty years, put into effect sweep- 
langes tailored to the concept that Selec 



Acting Director Calls for "Spirit of Unification 

are excerpts from the speech given by 105, our effort has been to make Local Board issued, except undef ^.extraordinary circum- 

ig Director Byron Pepitone at the Selec- Memoranda more comprehensive. Earlier di- stances. . . . 

service National Operations Conference rectives for purposes of administering a na- Also designed to enhance uniformity of ac- 

ishington, D.C., June 15. 1972. tional system had not been entirely satisfac- tion are the inspection and supervision ele- 

tervai between the decay ot the old and the forma- tory for two reasons. First, it was not possible ments which have been organized within the 

to find the information necessary for a partic- System and which are now in operation. It is 

ular decision without prior knowledge of the the responsibility of the National Director to 

LBM in question, and no comprehensive in- make certain that all states conform to Na- 

dex was available. Second, Local Board Mem- tional practices. More importantly, however, 

oranda often were supplemented by specific it is the individual responsibility of State Di- 

state-issued instructions designed to deal with rectors to assure that the boards in their states 

local problems or to establish guidelines conform to National practices. It was for this 

where those from National Headquarters reason early in 1971 that State Directors were 

seemed insufficient or were advisory in na- provided with staffs of inspectors so that 

Service would function most efficiently ture. Both of these deficiencies contributed to they, as managers, would be aware of the ac- 

National agency with common and uni- uneven administration. . . . tions their local boards were taking and could 

goals throughout the System, and -a We have taken steps to remedy the deficien- take corrective steps to insure that those ac- 

srof paramount importance — would most cies of the LBM's, and this leads me to the tions meet National standards. In order for 

y achieve equality of treatment for all most controversial, perhaps, but certainly the these inspectors to be of maximum use to 

rants most important tool with which you will have state Directors, they must completely under- 

0, share this belief that the System needs to contend in the future: The Registrant Proc- stand the way in which the System is de- 
nt of unification to bind together Na- essing Manual. As you well know by now, signed to operate, and they must" be carefully 
I Headquarters, the fifty-six State Head- this volume, available in State Headquarters and closely managed by the State Headquar- 
ers, and all local boards. I assure each and in all local boards, outlines all of the es- ters. 
u that I propose to continue the progres- sential registrant-related policies and proce- 
:oncept already set in motion. dures of Selective Service. It provides guid- 
ti most major regulation changes already ance for local board actions. It becomes the 

uted. it will now be our task to insure basis for training of volunteers as well as the through sampling techniques, are informing 

the new policies and procedures are re- compensated employees of the Selective me ot indications of uniformity of practice on 

in a manner consistent with preserving Service System. Every day more and more a state-by-state and board-by-board basis. It 

m morale and efficiency. One might say chapters are being issued. Soon the entire is evident from the material we see at this 

rill now concentrate on allowing System manual will be complete and in the hands of point in time that some local boards are han- 

oyees at all levels to "catch up with all compensated personnel and local board dling their work with great skill while others 

ge." chairmen. From that time on there should be l ac k understanding of their responsibilities.... 

:e May of 1970, commencing with LBM no reason for State Director guidances to be CONTINUED ON PAGE 3 



At National Headquarters, we no longer 
have an inspection organization. Instead, we 
have management evaluation teams who, 



gust Inductions 
inounced:1-75 

rime draft candidates with 
y numbers one (1) through 75 
De called for induction dur- 
ugust, with induction orders 
d beginning July 3. 
August call, announced June 
rimarily affects members of 
972 First Priority Selection 
3. and a small number of 
men who have recently lost 
ments or whose initial post- 
Tients of induction expire 
I the month. 

draft of 8,900 men will bring 
)tal call-up thus far in 1972 to 
). The Department of Defense 
nnounced that no more than 
) men will be inducted in 
(There were no calls in the 
quarter of 1972: the call for 

May. and June was 15.000: 
ne for July was 7,200.) 
i attending summer school 
receive induction orders may 

their inductions postponed 
the end of the summer ses- 
unless such sessions end be- 
:heir induction date. 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 




LT. COL. PAUL RIZZO. HEADQUARTERS. U.S. ARMY RECRUITING COMMAND, briels Opera- 
tions Conlerees on the modernization procedures underway at Armed Forces Examining and 
Entrance Stations all across the country, as part of the Modern Volunteer Army program. 



National Operations Conference 
in Washington 



The new Selective Service "Bible," 
the Registrants Processing Manual 
(RPM), was the springboard for 
training and discussion as 144 na- 
tionwide Operations personnel 
came together for a Washington 
Conference June 11-17. The theme 
was "Happiness is Uniformity." 
The conferees at this second Na- 
tional Operations Conference in- 



cluded Deputy State Directors. 
Managers of Operations, Chiefs of 
Local Board Operations, Classifi- 
cation Personnel Inspectors, Train- 
ing Specialists, Regional Attor- 
neys, and the Management Evalua- 
tion Team. 

Each conferee received a set of 

the completed' chapters and ap- 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



New Reg Permits 
Reserve, Guard 

Enlistments After 
Induction Notice 

Registrants scheduled for. induc- 
tion after July 1, 1972, may now 
enlist or be appointed in the Na- 
tional Guard and Reserves aftei 
receipt of their induction orders 
under new System policy. This 
new regulation change, which does 
not affect those with June report- 
ing dates, also allows men to join 
regular branches of the Armed 
Forces for a minimum of two 
years active duty — if such pro- 
grams are offered — after receiving 
their induction orders. 
The new policy requires that men 
complete their enlistment or ap- 
pointment processing in the Guard, 
Reserves, or regular forces at least 
10 days prior to their induction: if 
they cannot complete their enlist- 
ments or appointments at least 10 
days prior to the scheduled induc- 
tion date, they must report for in- 
duction as scheduled. 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



FROM THE ACTING DIRECTOR 
Reserves and National Guard: 
New Alternatives for Registrants 



/ would like to call your particular 
attention to the new regulation 
1632.12 (effective July 1, 1972), 
which allows an enlistment or an 
appointment in the National Guard, 
Reserves and Regular forces up to 
10 days before a registrant's actual 
induction date. 

Under our old policy, a young 
man could not enlist in or be 
appointed in the Guard and 
Reserves after the receipt of his 
induction order; however, he could 
enter the Regular forces right up to 
his induction date if his term of 
service was three years or more. 

While this new directive may be 
confusing at first and not universally 
known to registrants, I believe that 
it should work to the best interests 
of young men, providing them with 
increased freedom of choice in 
fulfilling their military obligation. 
Because of this, I believe that all of 
us should do everything possible to 
ensure that registrants facing 
induction understand the new 
options that are open to them. 



The effect of this policy on the 
morale and numerical strength of 
our Reserve and National Guard 
units is difficult to predict at this 
time. As you may know, dwindling 
draft calls have resulted in declining 
Reserve and National Guard 
manpower strengths since the draft, 
especially in the Vietnam era, has 
been a prime motivating factor in 
Reserve and Guard enlistments. 
Current Reserve and National 
Guard manpower is more than 
40,000 men below the 972,674 
minimum strength ordered by 
Congress. 

To reverse this deteriorating 
situation, Defense Secretary Melvin 
Laird hinted in February that a 
special draft might have to be 
authorized to provide Reserve 
manpower needs. Serious 
consideration of this extraordinary 
action may be eradicated by our 
new policy which will act as an 
inducement to those young men 
who would prefer to serve their 
country in the Guard or Reserves 
rather than accept a two-year active 



duty obligation. Under current 
policy, men who enter in the Guard 
or Reserves must serve on active 
duty for training for six months and 
then attend regular training sessions 
for the remainder of their six-year 
obligation. 

Enlistments or appointments in 
the Guard or Reserve will of course 
raise the year-end high lottery 
number because we will have to 
replace potential inductees who 
decide to enlist. However, I do not 
expect that there will be a 
significant raising of the lottery 
number ceiling. 

In order to ensure that the 
National Guard and Reserve 
understand the new policy and to 
identify any administrative 
problems between the Guard, 
Reserves, and Selective Service, I 
will personally coordinate with 
Guard and Reserve agencies during 
the late summer and fall months. 
Furthermore, I intend to conduct an 
end-of-the-year study, which I will 
share with you, of the effect of this 
new policy. 




While recognizing the tern; 
difficulties this new policy ma 
entail, I ask the cooperation c 
members of our System iamib 
we implement the new reguli 
in as efficient a manner as po> 
and to accept it as another ste 
towards the genuine reform v 
all seeking. 

Byron V. Pepi 



No Doctors 

Drafted for Rest 

of 1972 

The Doctor's Draft may already be 
history, the Pentagon said May 26. 

Dr. Richard S. Wilbur, Assistant 
Defense Secretary for Health, said 
the Defense Department would not 
draft any more doctors for the rest 
of this year, but might draft some 
men in the last few months before 
the draft law expires (June 30, 
1973) if it appears that there might 
be a shortage of military doctors 
the month following the end of the 
draft law. (1,600 doctors have been 
called since last July.) 

There are presently about 14,000 
physicians, dentists, veterinarians 
and optometrists in the services. 
Dr. Wilbur is trying to consolidate 
hospitals and clinics so that fewer 
doctors can serve more patients 
;ind salaries can be raised high 
enough to attract and keep medi- 
cal volunteers. He also hopes to 
recruit enough clerical help to free 
doctors from non-medical activi- 
ties. 

There are too many doctors in 
the military, Wilbur feels, pointing 
out that each military doctor 
serves 200 active duty servicemen, 
whereas the average civilian doc- 
tor sees 900 patients in a compara- 
ble period. 



New Cash 

Bonus for Combat 

Enlistees 

Beginning June 1, for the first time 
since the Civil War, the Army and 
Marine Corps started offering 
$1,500 cash bonuses to men enlist- 
ing for combat training. 

In this move to attract more vol- 
unteers, the bonuses will be of- 
fered until the end of August and 
may be offered later if the trial pe- 
riod proves successful. 

Congress authorized the new bo- 
nus in September, notifying the 
Defense Department at the time 
that it could offer a bounty up to 
$3,000; however, Defense Secre- 
tary Melvin Laird decided to use 
only half that amount for this sum- 
mer test period. 

To receive this bonus, volunteers 
must sign up for four years, in- 
stead of the usual two- or three- 
year hitch for Infantry, Artillery 
and Armor; additionally, the bo- 
nus will be paid the enlistee only 
after he completes basic training 
and is accepted for combat serv- 
ice. (Payments are delayed in this 
manner to avoid abuses that oc- 
curred during the Civil War when 
some men enlisted, immediately 
collected their bonus, and then de- 
serted—only to enlist again in a 
different part of the country and 
receive another financial reward.) 



System Pushes New Brochures 
at Six Conventions 

National Headquarters Public Information Office (PIO) is adver 
their new brochures and the "Curriculum Guide to the Draft" 
conventions during 1972. 
One to three PIO staff personnel manned or will man inform 
booths at each of the following conventions: 



May 21-24 
June 23-30 



June 25-July 1 
July 30-Aug. 2 
Oct. 4-7 

Oct. 6-8 



New York City 
Atlantic City 



Chicago 
St. Louis 
San Antonio 

Miami 



PTA 

National Association of ( 
room Teachers, National 
cation Association 
American Library Assn. 
National Urban League 
National Assn. of College 
mission Counselors 
American Council on El 
tion 
At these conventions, pamphlets are distributed to conventioi 

and "request" mailing lists are developed. 
During 1971, the PIO staff manned booths at the conventions o 

American Association of Secondary School Principals, the Ame 

Association of Curriculum Development, and several other orga 

tions. 



AUGUST INDUCTIONS 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

Armed Forces preinduction ex- 
aminations are also scheduled for 
prime draft candidates with RSN's 
through 100, raising the previous 
examination cut-off number from 
90. 



In addition, RSN 100 has be 
as the 1-H cut-off number for 
facing the possibility of indi 
during 1973; therefore, all 
trants born in 1953 with RSN 
and below will be processe 
possible induction, with the s 
uling of Armed Forces prei 
tion examinations for those 
RSN's of 50 and below. 



IT OF UNIFICATION" 

\U£D FROM PAGE 1 

If us realize that problems remain. They 
evitable as we attempt to smooth out 
eration. 
.emain optimistic that the procedures we 
iave in operation, . . . will permit prob- 
jto be surfaced at local boards, through 
jpervisory level to the State Headquar- 
|Urther, I am hopeful that at each step of 
ay, some of them will be resolved. If no 
)n is found, I hope that the unsolved 
>ms will be relayed on so that ulti- 
/ your State Director and I may discuss 
and thereby employ the full talents of 
itional Headquarters toward the resolu- 
f whatever the problems might be, re- 
ss of their size. 

ibsolutely essential to the success of our 
ion that the availability of inductees 
item from a use of uniform procedures 
local board in actions involving timely 
ication. Ultimately, a report of avail- 
should show approximately the same 
llage of registrants within any given 
m sequence number in California, in 
cky, in Maine or in any other state. In 
lent that a state does not meet standards 
[espect to producing a given number of 
bles within a random sequence number, 
be incumbent upon the National Head- 
irs to join with the State Director to as- 
i the reason. I am certain that together 
n perfect the kind of management tools 
fied in order to insure that no state or 
h of the country assumes a dispropor- 
p share of the burden. . . . 
I 



Another element which warrants some dis- 
cussion with respect to uniformity concerns 
Section 6(j) of the new law, which now makes 
the National Director responsible for alter- 
nate service of conscientious objectors . . . 
The National Director has delegated author- 
ity and responsibility for supervising the al- 
ternate service program to his State Directors. 
. . . The argument which favors the delegation 
of authority to the State Directors is that jobs 
exist in communities across the Nation, and 
State Directors can expedite the placement of 
people into these jobs. I can find no one who 
disagrees with this logic who can make a 
meaningful case for his disagreement. ... It 
will be expected of State Directors that all 
programs be operated with reasonable 
thought by reasonable men who are eager to 
place individuals on jobs where they can con- 
tribute something to the Nation. As we pro- 
ceed, there are many details which must be 
worked out. In so doing, it is anticipated that 
there will be extremely close working rela- 
tionships between the State Headquarters and 
the National Headquarters. 

Throughout the forthcoming year, another 
activity warrants our concern and . . . atten- 
tion ... I am thinking ... of local board make- 
up. 

The Congress admonished the Selective 
Service System in the recently amended law 
to insure that the representation of local 
boards, so far as a racial/ethnic balance is 
concerned, roughly approximates the racial/ 
ethnic balance of the registrant population 
served. Our reports show that as of the end of 
January, 15.1 percent of our local board mem- 



bers were minority personnel. The 15.1 per- 
cent compares very favorably with the 10 per- 
cent that we had in December 1970. We are 
making progress and can continue this trend. 

There must be representation by Blacks and 
Spanish-Americans on a local basis compara- 
ble to the local breakdown of population. We 
have local situations in need of improvement 
in racial representation. I urge everyone who 
has any part in contributing to the makeup of 
local board membership that efforts be con- 
tinued at an accelerated pace. This is a sensi- 
tive topic, and it will continue to be sensitive 
in the future. 

We have received a similar admonishment 
from the Congress with respect to the Advi- 
sors to Registrants. In the recently promul- 
gated regulations, the post of Government Ap- 
peal Agent was eliminated because of the 
dual reporting responsibility that this official 
had to both the registrant and the local board. 
Many of the responsibilities formerly vested 
in the Government Appeal Agent have been 
transferred to the Advisor to Registrants. On 
March 10 we had slightly over 7,000 Advisors 
to Registrants in the System. Today we have 
over 10,000, but it is obvious that despite the 
improvements made so far we need many 
more. In the very near future, we must be 
able to point to the fact that we have at least 
one Advisor to Registrants working with each 
local board, and in many cases more than 
one. . . . 

A subject of importance to all the State Di- 
rectors, and of real interest to everyone in the 
System, compensated and uncompensated 
CONTINUED ON PAGE 4 



President Nixon Gets Final Report From Dr. Tarr 



Mowing are excerpts from a letter 
i President Nixon by former Sys- 
\3ct0r Curtis W. Tarr, in which the 
jyms up the challenges and ac- 
\hments of his Selective Service 
lice. Dr. Tarr resigned from the 
f May 1, 1972, to fill the newly 

!post of Under Secretary of State 
ordinating Security Assistance 
is: 

[Hr. JJresibertt, 

sars ago, when you asked me to 
Director of Selective Service, 
ited to improve the equity of the 
d demonstrate to our youth that 
re their concern for justice in the 
m of the System. I have followed 
lections. This is my final report of 
lerience. 

my tenure, we sought equitable 
nt of registrants and visibility for 
ins that promote fairness. To do 
Selective Service System under- 
iree major tasks. First it at- 
I to assure registrants that they 
acted in a just manner. Next it 
i information so that youth might 
and better the legal requirements 
'ice and the process by which 
nts are selected for induction, 
it created a national system of 
policies so that each young man 
>e treated as are his contempo- 
sewhere in the nation. 
\NCE TO REGISTRANTS 
i one single action has enhanced 
more than random selection, 
men now know that they are 
Kely to be taken in the years 
is easiest for them to go, that is, 
hey have heavy family responsi- 
md career commitments. . . . 



We also have given assurance of equity 
by abandoning deferments. Deferments 
undoubtedly have shifted the responsi- 
bility of service to the poor and to those 
who did not aspire or were unable to at- 
tend college. Deferments also induced 
men to enter vocations that otherwise 
they would not have considered. . . . 

. . . We have endeavored to improve 
the representation of minority persons 
on local and appeal boards. This has re- 
quired a considerable recruiting effort 
everywhere by our state directors, as 
well as the necessity to suppress preju- 
dices in a few places. We have achieved 
limited success: at the present time, 
about 15% of our local board members 
are minority persons. Increasing num- 
bers are women. Many appointees are 
young people. But we still have work to 
do before our boards fully represent the 
populations from which they register 
young men. This is an appropriate and 
continuing challenge facing the agency. 
INFORMATION TO REGISTRANTS 

Even though we may improve the 
equity of the System, and offer to regis- 
trants the assurance of our intent to be 
fair, that message will not be conveyed 
fully unless the registrant himself knows 
how the System works and what is ex- 
pected from him. This we have provided 
through a series of publications and an 
increasing coverage of selective service 
news in the various media. . . . 
CREATING A NATIONAL SYSTEM 

. . . Immediately after the first lottery, 
it became evident that standards, proce- 
dures, and constraints varied widely 
from one state to another, and indeed 
from one local board to another in the 
same state. Thus to fill calls, one board 



might induct men with much higher ran- 
dom sequence numbers than another. 
While we could rationalize most of these 
differences to ourselves, we could not 
convince a young man that fairness per- 
mitted him to be drafted in one state 
when he would not have been called 
elsewhere with the same random se- 
quence number. 

Furthermore, the federal courts had 
begun to take a much more critical view 
of the operation of the system. Many de- 
cisions condemned bluntly the discrep- 
ancies and differing practices in selec- 
tive service operations, serving notice 
on us that we must properly institute na- 
tional standards to which all local boards 
would be required to conform . . . 

THE FUTURE 

While it has been imperative to im- 
prove operations in the present, I have 
looked as well to the future. You have 
announced your desire to eliminate in- 
ductions after July 1, 1973. Obviously 
the Selective Service System will have a 
greatly altered role at that time, even 
though the nation still must respond to 
the national security requirements of a 
world in which few things seem certain. 

When the President's authority to in- 
duct expires, the structure of the Sys- 
tem and the remaining activities now 
undertaken will continue as required in 
Section 10(h) of the Military Selective 
Service Act. Selective Service must reg- 
ister young men at age eighteen (and 
young women as well if the equal rights 
amendment becomes a part of the Con- 
stitution), hold an annual lottery, classify 
registrants, and maintain viable proce- 
dures in the event of inductions. It might 
be wise as well to call some young peo- 



ple for preinduction examinations so that 
the President would have available an 
acceptable pool of registrants for imme- 
diate induction in an emergency. 

Despite the need for an alert standby 
operation, the nation can hardly afford 
to maintain the Selective Service Sys- 
tem at its present strength. Accordingly, 
we have given careful study to the ap- 
propriate organization for standby 
responsibilities. This will require the 
maintenance of national and state head- 
quarters, and the service centers as 
well, but these will be staffed by fewer 
numbers of persons consistent with the 
reduced workload. Local board records 
will be maintained in fewer numbers of 
local offices throughout the states. We 
will continue to recruit local board mem- 
bers to fill vacancies so that each board 
has at least the minimum number re- 
quired for classification. 

This reduced work force must have a 
reserve available in the event of mobili- 
zation. We will look to National Guard 
and Reserve units, as Selective Service 
historically has done, for that sup- 
port. . . . 

This, Mr. President, is a report of my 
stewardship as Director of Selective 
Service. I found an agency that was at 
once rich in tradition, devoted to an im- 
portant mission, and loyal to the nation 
we ail serve. I grew in understanding as 
I worked with these fine people. I hope 
that I left them with techniques appro- 
priate to the present and the future, and 
with a resolve for continued dedication 
to the tasks that may be given to them 
by the President. 

Sincerely, 
Curtis W. Tarr 



New Reforms in Prosecution of Draft Violators 



Under new procedures outlined in 
Chapter 642 of the Registrants 
il. Selective Serv- 
itive review of Regis- 
trant File Folders (SSS Form 101) 
will become increasingly stringent. 
All these Folders must now be 
o Regional Counsels for pre- 
liminary prosecutive determina- 
their referral to the 
: eviously, state di- 
nt the Attorney 
which had never been re- 
viewed by System lawyers. 

As a result of these pre-referral 
legal reviews, National Headquar- 
ters anticipates an improved status 
of case litigation, since U.S. Attor- 
neys will now be handling only 
cases free from error, both proce- 
durally and substantively. 



An additional procedural change 
permits a local board to submit a 
violation report and accompany- 
ing file folder directly to the ap- 
propriate Regional Counsel, if the 
State Director so prefers; and in 
turn, Regional Counsels now may 
also refer cases directly to the U.S. 
Attorney. 

These significant steps should 
help expedite violators' cases more 
speedily and efficiently. Also con- 
tributing to the swifter flow of 
System justice is the Regional 
Counsels' utilization of Selective 
Service Reserve Attorneys — and 
Army, Navy, and Air Force Re- 
serve Judge Advocates on tempo- 
rary System duty — to assist in the 
review of backlogged cases for 
procedural error. 



It is well to remember that in the 
area of enforcement, prosecution 
is not the System's primary goal; 
in fact, jailing registrants is felt to 
be a sign of failure rather than 
success. Therefore, every effort is 
made to encourage compliance 
with Selective Service law and dis- 
courage criminal prosecution. 

Fortunately, experience has 
shown that of the violations re- 
ported to the Department of Jus- 
lice approximately 75%-80% are 
resolved administratively during 
the FBI investigation preceding 
prosecution and never reach the 
stage of indictment. 

Whether or not violators are al- 
lowed to comply with the law 
after their indictment is decided 
by the Department of Justice. A 



large number of these young 
cases are dismissed by thS 
after indictments (see chart b 
and of this number approxin 
75% relent and comply with 
law, according to an estima 
Mr. Harry Charles, Assistant 
eral Counsel, Trial Litigation. 
But the System goes even fi 
than this in stressing comp! 
for violators: A registrant 
for violation of the SelectiJ 
ice Act may be paroled fofl§ 
tion if his classification at 
of violation was 1-A or \ 
was in Class 1-0 he may be 
for civilian work. A regifl 
eligibility for parole is detajj 
by the Attorney Geni 
ommendation of th 
Counsel acting for the Direct 



1967 
1968 
1969 
1970 
1971 



Calls for Inductees 
288.900 
343.300 
266.900 
209.300 
152.000 



TREND OF DRAFT PROSECUTIONS (FISCAL YEARS 1967-1971) 

Indictments Defendants Dismissed 

1.335 996 224 

1.826 1.192 353 

3,305 1,744 747 

3.712 2.833 1.570 

4,539 2.973 1,701 



Convicted 

740 

784 

900 

1,027 

1,036 



"SPIRIT OF UNIFICATION" 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 3. 

alike, is standby operation and what happens 
to Selective Service after the President's au- 
thority to induct expires on June 30, 1973. It is 
neral opinion of those of us who work 
closely with the Congress in Washington that 
the President is not likely to ask the Congress 
to extend his authority. Because of the efforts 
being made to create an all-volunteer force, it 
appears almost a certainty that, effective July 
1, 1973, active inductions will cease. 

Now, what does this mean to us in Selective 
Service? . . . First, I am confident that there is 
no one in the National Headquarters, or in 
this room, who can forecast with accuracy the 
size of the Selective Service System work 
force in the event we cease active induc- 
tion. . . . 

In any case, for fiscal year 1973, which com- 
mences this coming July first and runs through 
June 30, 1973, both of the Appropriations Sub- 
committees have approved a budget for the 



System sufficient to keep a full work force. 
There are no plans for major reductions in 
numbers of people between now and that 
time. . . . 

Further, between now and that time, it be- 
comes increasingly necessary that the uncom- 
pensated membership of the System be re- 
vitalized to the maximum extent possible. 
With the change in the law, many of our un- 
compensated members were retired either for 
age or for length of service. The major por- 
tion of our losses have been replaced by 
younger people who will have an opportunity 
to serve for a considerable time. We must in- 
sure that we have a full uncompensated force 
through next June and, more importantly, be- 
yond that point. When in standby status they 
will be required to continue making classifi- 
cation decisions. 

It is incumbent upon our compensated em- 
ployees that the viability and the interests of 
the uncompensated work force stay alive. The 
important thing for all of us to remember is 



NEW REG PERMITS 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

Since all registrants are given 30 
days notice of induction, men re- 
ng induction orders after July 
1 will have 20 days to enlist or be 
appointed. Acting Director Byron 
Pepitone has authorized local 
beards to postpone for 15 days the 
induction ol iduled to re- 

port between July 1-15 if they are 
being actively processed for enlist- 
ment or appointment and if they 
request such action; this will allow 
early July inductees to take advan- 
tage ol tiles. 

Potential inductees who desire to 
enter the Guard or Reserves must 
locale unit vacancies on their own, 
and they should request that their 
enlistments or appointments be 
expedited to meet the 10-day re- 
quirements. 



In the past, the only alternative to 
induction was to join a regular 
branch of the service for at least 
three years active duty — no Guard 
or reserve enlistments or appoint- 
ments were permitted after mail- 
ing of induction orders. 

These new Guard or Reserve en- 
listments or appointments do not 
reduce the System obligation to 
provide the Army its requested 
number of inductees, and it's ex- 
pected that this new policy will 
raise the year-end lottery number, 
although this will be determined 
by the future number of men en- 
tering Guard, Reserve, and reguL/ 
units to avoid induction. 

With Reserve and National Guard 
s an estimated 40,000 below 
strength, the Defense Department 
hopes this new policy will stimu- 
late recruiting for our Nation's re- 
serve strength. 



NATIONAL OPERATIONS 
CONFERENCE 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1. 

pendices of the RPM (humorously 
referred to by Acting Director By- 
ron Pepitone as "Revolutions Per 
Minute"), which they used as ref- 
erence materials in the classroom 
instructions concerned with regu- 
lations and policies both old and 
new. 

Although these classroom "learn- 
and questioning" sessions consti- 
tuted the heart of the Conference, 
those in attendance also toured 
the Computer Center and heard 
presentations by representatives 
from National Headquarters Pub- 
lic Information Office, Armed 
Forces Examining and Entrance 
Stations, and the Plans and Analysis 
Division. A presentation on Perform- 
ance Rating was also given. 



that in the event of a National emergem 
lective Service must be able to respom 
the capability of procuring militaryT 
power for the Department of Defense* 
Congress might dictate. 
You may be sure that the Congress 
greatly concerned as any of us that \H 
an adequate standby system and that wl 
support for that standby system in af 
Reserve and National Guard planning fl 
can think of nothing more important d 
this next year than for our people! 
trained, for their interest to be kept alia 
for their working together as a team on 
tional basis toward a uniform applicatii 
the law. There can be no doubt of tha 
for this System in a National emergen™ 
critics, plus our supporters and friends; 
be watching us closely between now art 
end of June 1973. They would be rewardi 
a demonstration of teamwork, loyal p 
service, esprit de corps, and informedj 
cerned relations with the public. . . . 



In his remarks to the Confea 
Mr. Pepitone expressed the fi 
that formalized training of Sj 
personnel, together with OJ 
utilization of RPM's, will pi 
a solid basis for a nationally 
fied system. 



Use ol funds for printing of Ihis publication 
proved by the Director ot the Bu | 

get. August 7 1968 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of intort 
between National Headquarters and other 
ponents of the Selective Service System l 
as the general public However, nothinc 
tamed herein may be accepted as modifyM 
enlarging provisions ol the Military Seled 
Service Act or any other acts ot Congres 
Communications should be addressed t 
ot Public Information National HeadqudJ 
Selective Service System 1724 F Street.; 
Washington D C 20435 For sale by the J 
intendent of Documents. U S "Governmenj 
ing Olfice, Washington. D C 20402 -prfl 
cents (single copy) Subscription price $ll 
year. 25 cents additional for toreign mailing! 




WASHINGTON, D.C. • AUGUST 1972 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS; 



OCT 5 1972 



Easi Coast Ravaged by Flooding from Hurricane Agfflej^ 

Some Local Boards Submerged! 



ISCO 
RAW 




On the evening of June 24, 1972, 
Mrs. Eveline Miller, Executive Sec- 
retary of Local Board 49. Lock 
Haven, Pennsylvania, discovered 
that both large store-type windows in 
her Selective Service office had been 
smashed — by reckless motorboats 
tearing down Main Street. The pre- 
vious day the Selective Service flag 
was seen floating down the same 
Lock Haven street along with numer- 
ous draft file folders, some of which 
were plucked out of the current by 
intrepid local citizens and graciously 
returned to Mrs. Miller. 

Employees of Local Board 92 in 
Kingston, Pennsylvania found their 
place of employment so submerged 
that there was "seaweed on the 
ceiling." 

State Headquarters workers in 
Richmond, Virginia could not use the 
office restroom facilities from June 
23 to June 29. 

Local board 55 personnel in New 
Martinsville, West Virginia tramped 
through first floor mud to reach their 
second floor office. 

Due to impassable roads, eight New 
York state local board offices closed 
along the New York-Pennsylvania 
border. 

These are just some of the isolated 
instances of havoc wreaked on Se- 
lective Service personnel and prop- 
erty by Hurricane Agnes, overall the 
most destructive hurricane that has 
ever hit the United States. Sweep- 
ing up the East Coast from Florida 



to New York in late June, her windy 
and watery side effects slashed out a 
destructive swath that left many 
dead and thousands homeless, and 
ran up financial losses in the billions 
of dollars. 

Although some System personnel 
suffered great personal property loss 
— Pennsylvania State Director Bob 
Ford's car was transformed into a 
submarine while parked at the Har- 
risburg. Pa. airport — the storm gods 
pretty much spared our System from 
prodigious damage, with the excep- 
tion of William Penn's Common- 
wealth. 

Here's a brief rundown of Se- 
lective Service damage and incon- 
venience incurred in the six states de- 
clared disaster areas by the Office of 
Emergency Planning in Washington, 
D.C: 

PENNSYLVANIA 
Unquestionably, this state absorbed 
the greatest share of Agnes' fury: 
System damage, mostly from the 
overflowing Susquehanna River, is 
estimated so far at $90,000. Four 
local boards were knocked com- 
pletely out of commission: The pre- 
viously mentioned Lock Haven and 
Kingston boards, Local 93, Plymouth 
(like Kingston, completely under- 
water), and Local 155 in Selinsgrove 
(155 Executive Secretary Mrs. Grace 
Stevenson, sensing the approaching 
aquatic doom on June 22, called in 
a truck and hauled the entire board 

CONTINUED ON PAGE 3 



The Pennsylvania Selective Service warehouse is in the basement ol this Harrisburg, Pa. building 
(below) which you see surrounded by water eight teet above street level. An oil slick made the clean-up 
job an extra added delight. The four pix to the left will give you some idea of the state of said warehouse 
after the Susquehanna River receded. 




FROM THE ACTING DIRECTOR 

On Improved Processing For Alternate Service 



This is a program, probably the one 
most discussed throughout the System, 
which I believe is important to all 
members. 

There are dramatic changes being 
made in the administration of the 
alternate service program which are 
likely not to be known to our mem- 
bers unless they are personally in- 
volved in one aspect of the program 
or another. 

I think it would be worthwhile for me 
to give you some background on these 
changes and to comment on some of 
the complications arising therefrom. 

As you probably recall, the 1971 
amendments to the Military Selective 
Service Act transferred the respon- 
sibility for making initial placement 
in alternate service from local boards 
to the National Director— with 
Congress reasoning, perhaps, that the 
differing criteria applied in local board 
administration of the program was not 
consistent with the goal of a nationally 
unified and equitable system. (A bene- 
ficial by-product of this legislative 
move was to relieve a difficult ad- 
ministrative load from the local 
boards.) 

The regulations which were pub- 
lished to implement the new law have 
redelegated the responsibility for 
initial placement in alternate service 
to State Directors, on the assumption 
that they were better qualified than 
National Headquarters to judge the 
peculiar employment opportunities 
prevailing in their states, since they 
would naturally be better informed 
about the local employment situation. 

The new regulations also broadened 



the definition of acceptable civilian 
work and provided more avenues for 
the registrant to locate that work. 
Under these new rules, the 1-0 
registrant, aided by lists of recom- 
mended jobs provided by his State 
Director, is given 60 days to locate a 
job and submit it for approval to the 
State Director. If the State Director 
vetoes the job proposal, the 1-0 may 
request a review by the National 
Director, if such request is made 
within the 60-day period. If the 
registrant is unable to locate suitable 
employment, he will be ordered to 
alternate work by his local board at 
the direction of the State Director; 
however, if a registrant has not been 
ordered to alternate service within 
270 days after he has exhausted his 
60-day job search, he will be placed 
in a lower priority selection group. 

In order to place 1-0 registrants in 
jobs most compatible with their 
abilities, State Directors are becoming 
more involved in the job placement 
activity, and they are using their talents 
and contacts to place CO's success- 
fully. An encouraging aspect of this 
job placement is the progress being 
made in job banks. We are moving 
toward a type of placement service 
which will provide easy contact 
between 1-0's and those organizations 
interested in employing conscientious 
objectors — especially those organi- 
zations interested in hiring CO's on a 
"blanket" basis. 

Of more continuing concern to the 
System in the overall alternate service 
area, however, is the underlying 
attempt to treat l-O and 1-A regis- 



trants in the same manner. 

Selective Service has been involved 
in litigation since the end of 1971 
resulting from regulation 1660.4(a), 
which says, in effect, that a non- 
volunteer l-O will not be ordered to 
alternate service before 1-A's or 
1-A-O's with the same RSN are 
ordered for induction. This policy has 
led to numerous court challenges, 
notably the Gardiner v. Tarr case, in 
which a group of l-O plaintiffs — who 
were either members of the 1971 
first priority selection group or the 
1971 extended priority selection 
group — charged that they were 
ordered to perform alternate service 
at a time when other registrants classi- 
fied 1-A and 1-A-O were not being 
ordered to report for induction, and 
were in fact being placed into the 
second priority selection group. 
Specifically, none of these 1-O's had 
been issued Form 153 (Order to Report 
for Work) prior to November 9, 1971 — 
the last date 1-A's received induction 
orders in 1971. Our position was that 
the plaintiffs were obligated to 
perform alternate service, and had 
been informed of this fact at the time 
their peers with the same RSN's 
received induction orders. 

However, as a result of adverse 
decisions against the System in the 
Gardiner case and other related 
cases, we issued Temporary Instruction 
660-4 (July 12, 1972), directing that all 
registrants in Class 1-0 and 1-W who 
were members of the 1971 first priority 
selection group and the 1971 extended 
priority selection group be relieved of 
their liability to perform alternate 



NO MORE DRAFTEES 
SENT TO VIETNAM 

Draftees will no longer be assigned for 
duty in Vietnam unless they volunteer, 
President Nixon announced June 28. 

At the same time, he declared the with- 
drawal of an additional 10,000 U.S. 
forces from Vietnam over the next two 
months, reducing the troop level there to 
39,000 by September I. 

At the time it was made, the announce- 
ment did not effect the 4,000 draftees 
then in Vietnam, or those under orders to 
go there. 

However, it pointed up a trend wherein 
professional soldiers are assuming an in- 
creasingly larger role in Vietnam as the 
number of combat troops are dwindling 
under Mr. Nixon's withdrawal program. 



Local Board Chairman's Wife 
Descendant of First Draft Director 



Mrs. Doris Geldbach, wife of Local 
Board Chairman Warren Geldbach, 
Local 167, Edwardsville, Illinois, sud- 
denly discovered a skeleton in her family 
closet April 17 — only this skeleton wasn't 
one to be ashamed of. It was Major Gen- 
eral James B. Fry, Civil War Union Of- 
ficer and first Director of Selective Serv- 
ice from 1863 to 1866. 

Mrs. Geldbach got the news that she 
was a 7th generation relative of General 
Fry, who was born February 22, 1827 in 
Carrolton, Illinois and died July 1 1, 1894. 
As she explains it, Fry was a nephew to 
her great-great-great grandfather, or, if 
you will, her first cousin four times re- 
moved. 



SEPTEMBER CALL STAYS AT 75 



The draft lottery ceiling will remain at 
RSN 75 in order to meet the September 
call of 4,800 men, the System announced 
July 19, with induction orders mailed be- 
ginning August 1. Lottery Number 75 was 
earlier set as the ceiling for August in- 
ductions. 

Acting Director Byron Pepitone ex- 
plained that sufficient numbers of men — 



those who became fully available follow- 
ing the issuance of August induction or- 
ders—would be available to meet the Sep- 
tember call at numbers 75 and below. 

September's inductions will bring the 
total men inducted in 1972 to 36,000. The 
Defense Department has requested the 
System to deliver 50,000 men for all of 
this year. 



General Fry had quite an illustrious mili- 
tary career, as Mrs. Geldbach proudly 
points out: 

After graduating from the U.S. Military 
Academy in 1847 at the age of 20, Fry 
served as Second Lieutenant in the Mexi- 
can War, spent five years as Adjutant at 
West Point, and on March 16, 1861, was 
promoted to Captain and appointed As- 
sistant Adjutant-General of the Army. 
Midway through the Civil War, General 
Ulysses S. Grant recommended him for 
the post of Provost Marshall, a job which 
included responsibility for managing the 
first organized draft system. Fry took 
over this post March 17, 1863 and served 
until the abolishment of the office Au- 
gust 30, 1866. 

Regarding her eminent ancestor, Mrs. 
Geldbach says: 

"... I am proud to be a descendant of 
James Barnet Fry, who served his country 
well in several posts of high honor for 37 
years, and who also wrote many fine arti- 
cles of historic interest regarding the ca- 
reer he loved so well. 

I am equally proud to be the wife of the 
Chairman of Local Board 167, Edwards- 
ville, Illinois, Warren J. Geldbach, who 
has also served his country well, both in 
war and in peace." 




service if they were not issued F 
153 before November 10, 1971. 
had also proposed several majo ( 
changes in the procedures for | 
1-Oregistrants in alternate servii 
assignments, but after further st 
and a review of public and Con; 
sional comments and several co 
decisions related to this issue, > 
decided to withdraw the propo! 
and continue with our current f 
No further changes in the 1-0 
program are anticipated in the i 
seeable future. 
Although we took issue with tl" 
courts on the subject of the leg; 
of our actions regarding the 1-C 
alternate service program, we a| 
with the spirit behind the decisi 
that of according all registrants! 
uniform treatment under the la\ 
As currently authorized, I beliej 
that the System's program of 1-1 
alternate service processing goe 
long way toward achieving this) 

Byron V. Pepiton 




Warren Geldbach, CHAIRMAN 
BOARD 167, Edwardsville, III., is shown 
wife Doris who is a descendant of our 
first draft Director, James Fry. 




MAJOR GENERAL JAMES B. FRY 



Connecticut Headquarters Translates Draft Regs for Spanish-Speaking Youths 



cember of 1971 Mr. Frederick Pa- 
Connecticut Slate Director, was 
; one of his local boards in Nor- 
when, by chance, he happened to 
ar a strange conversation going on 
n a System employee and a youth 
arly 20's. 

:med the youth was wanted by the 
attorney in another state for not 
ring, and when asked why he failed 
so, he replied, in very poor English: 
't know what you're saying. I never 
[ was supposed to. No one told me 
nything like this." 

;ued by this young man's confu- 
At. Palomba brought in a Spanish 
■eter who managed to focus in on 
intleman's problem— a problem 
shared by many of Connecticut's 
Spanish citizens. 
his befuddled youth, the Connecti- 
irector learned, had emigrated to 
ca from his native Puerto Rico 
he was only 16, yet his language 
iltural isolation had kept him ig- 
of the realities of U.S. draft law; 
pparently, neither his parents nor 
[h school had done anything to fill 
nformalional vacuum. 
Norwalk Board incident heightened 
alomba s awareness of the corn- 
lions gap between Selective Serv- 
d Connecticut's Spanish-speaking 
i, and as the problem of draft vio- 



lation became more acute among this His- 
panic subculture he was determined to do 
something about it — specifically, by 
launching a pilot program explaining 
draft regs in Spanish. As he says: "Most 
of them are really good kids. I'm firmly 
convinced that 60% of those in violation 
are there only because they didn't know 
what do do." 

The State Director kicked off his ambi- 
tious plan with a call to Mr. John Dew- 
hurst, Assistant Deputy Director for Ad- 
ministration, at National Headquarters, 
asking permission to visit Puerto Rico 
and get some background on its social 
problems. 

With Dewhurst's hearty endorsement, 
Mr. Palomba and his special assistant, 
Mr. Guillermo Muniz (himself a native 
Puerto Rican), took off in February for a 
fact-finding mission to Puerto Rico, 
where they visited local boards and were 
briefed by Mr. Manuel Siverio, the is- 
land's draft Director. 

When they returned, Mr. Palomba and 
Mr. Muniz compiled their bits and pieces 
of collected information to get a general 
overview of the biggest problems they 
faced in expediting Puerto Rican regis- 
tration. In order of importance, the 
main complications arose from: (1) Lan- 
guage, (2) Lack of familiarity with local 
board locations, (3) Ignorance of draft 
law, and (4) Cultural background (Many 
Puerto Ricans are basically very shy and 



are therefore hesitant about reporting to 
local boards and/or asking for infor- 
mation). 

Beginning in April, the State Director, 
Mr. Muniz and Mrs. Betty Moore, an 
Area Supervisor, plunged headfirst into 
their draft information program in the 
towns of Waterbury and Danbury, Con- 
necticut, working through Equal Employ- 
ment Opportunity Programs, youth 
groups, the Mayor's office, social and ath- 
letic clubs, and in Waterbury, a group 
called New Opportunities for Waterbury 
(NOW). 

Although 43 Spanish-speaking youth 
showed up for the first draft explanation 
meeting, Mr. Palomba admits that "all 
wasn't rosy at first." "Puerto Rican 
youths," he adds, "suspected Selective 
Service of recruiting for the armed forces 
and they shied away from us. 

To help remedy this situation, the Con- 
necticut Director and his assistants tried 
to reach these kids on a more personal 
level: "We went to a Puerto Rican Youth 
Council in Waterbury, for instance," Mr. 
Palomba explains, "and for a couple 
hours we played ping pong and pool and 
chatted with these Spanish kids, show- 
ing them that we were sincere and what we 
were trying to do — emphasizing that we 
were not trying to recruit them." 

All in all, Mr. Palomba feels that the 
results of this program, "are a little bit 



better than we expected. Of course, 
we've only been in two cities — numer- 
ous meetings are also planned for Meri- 
den, New Haven and Bridgeport. In ad- 
dition, 15-20 minute high school class- 
room orientations are in the offing. 
Contributing to the success of this pro- 
gram is the conscientious attempt of 
Connecticut's system to get proportionate 
representation of Spanish-speaking peo- 
ples on boards serving areas of significant 
Hispanic population. In coordination with 
Reynaldo Maduro, National Equal Em- 
ployment Opportunity Director, Spanish- 
speaking employee representation on 
Connecticut boards has jumped from zero 
to four in the last four months. 

Mr. Palomba's progressive snowball has 
also picked up the support of Manuel 
Siverio, who will be sending lists of all 
who register in Puerto Rico and move to 
Connecticut. When they move in, these 
registrants will be visited by Connecticut 
System personnel who will give them the 
location of their local board and any in- 
formation that may be appropriate. 

"We couldn't have gotten anywhere 
without the wonderful encouragement of 
Acting Director Byron Pepitone, Manuel 
Siverio, and John Dewhurst," Palomba 
hastens to conclude. "In fact, Mr. Dew- 
hust told me he wanted the draft meetings, 
if successful, to leap from here into a na- 
tionwide program." 




Two Pennsylvania boards. Local 
92 in Kingston and Local 93 in 
Plymouth, were completely in- 
undated by floods, and their 
components — the ones that 
could be saved at least — were 
transferred to and consolidated 
in an old abandoned army bar- 
racks at Indian Town Gap Mili- 
tary Reservation. Inside the bar- 
racks, Irom top to bottom: (1) 
Pennsylvania State Director Bob 
Ford stares incredulously at 
waterlogged files (2) Local 93 
hangs out to dry (3) Kathryn 
Rundle, right. Executive Secre- 
tary, and Carley Davis, clerk 
typisl. both of Local 92, check 
& out what's left of their file folders. 



This is what Local Board 49 in 
Lock Haven. Pa. looked like on 
June 25 after being given a "re- 
modeling" and mud bath by the 
Susquehanna River. 



away to safer ground, namely a 
school for the deaf out of which she's 
now operating). Equipment and sup- 
ply loss in all Pennsylvania local 
boards was estimated at $9,000. 
These catastrophes were overshad- 
owed, however, by the $33,400 sup- 
ply loss in the oil and/or water 
soaked trash heap that used to be 
known as the State System Ware- 
house in Harrisburg. This despoiled 
supply center is just a mile or so from 
Pennsylvania State Headquarters it- 
self, which, due to flood damage, 
went without electricity for four days 
beginning June 23rd (As if Bob Ford 
didn't have enough trouble with his 
waterlogged car, the resulting inop- 
erable elevators forced him to trudge 
up and down eleven flights of stairs 
to and from work every day). 

NEW YORK 
On the evening of June 23 the Che- 







i 













mung River in Elmira overflowed, 
bathing Local 64 in seven feet of 
mud and water. Receding two days 
later, it left $3,000 of equipment 
damage in its wake, along with soiled 
records that had to be cleaned and 
useless cover sheets that had to be re- 
placed. No other damage in the state 
was reported. 

VIRGINIA 
No actual property damage here, al- 
though some water crept into Local 
101 in Pulaski and Locals 44 and 45 
in Winchester. Besides the earlier 
noted rough going in the restroom 
area and the lack of any drinking 
water. State Headquarters employees 
also had to put up with the debatable 
"inconvenience" of having their of- 
fice officially close down on June 23. 

WEST VIRGINIA 
No real damage here, except for the 
earlier-mentioned mud-slopped office 
beneath the New Martinsville board. 

MARYLAND AND FLORIDA 
Apparently no damage at all. 




Operations Conferees Chip in for Nebraska Break-In Victim 



Doesn't it always seem that just when 
you feel you couldn't get any more cyni- 
cal about the selfish and callous condi- 
tion of humanity on this troubled planet, 
something beautiful happens to refire 
your faith in the basic goodness of fellow 
human beings — perhaps something like 
what happened to Mrs. Rita Rehling, 
Nebraska Area Supervisor, at the re- 
cent Operations Conference in Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

Payroll Changeover: 
No Sweat! 

The switch-over of the Selective Service 
payroll arrangement from the Treasury 
Department Fiscal Service system to our 
own Computer System during the June 
1 1-24 pay period was almost entirely suc- 
cessful. 

Out of a total payroll of approximately 
8,000 compensated civilian employees, in- 
cluding those from National Headquar- 
ters and all service centers, only .8% re- 
ceived incorrect payments or no checks 
at all. Not only were the checks on time, 
but in some regions System workers re- 
ceived them two days early. 

"This (success) was really a surprise to 
most of us," exclaims Mr. Stanley E. 
Johnson, Manager of the Civilian Pay- 
roll Office at the Computer Service Cen- 
ter near Washington,; D.C, "and it re- 
flects the hard work of both the payroll 
and personnel people at the service cen- 
ters. As you may know, personnel people 
are now plugged in to the whole payroll 
scheme and they keypunch their own data 
just like payroll employees." 

As the overall system works now, basic 
payroll data is prepared at National 
Headquarters and the six service centers 
and then sent to the Computer Service 
Center where it is translated onto punch 
cards and fed to a Burrough's B3500 
computer. The B3500 then puts this data 
onto magnetic tape, which is sent to seven 
separate Treasury Department Disbursing 
Centers that print and mail the final 
checks and/or bonds. 

Mr. Johnson feels a salute is in order for 
Major John J. McKenna, who chaired 
the task force responsible for the payroll 
conversion: "He was the driving force in 
making people get it done." 



On the morning of June 15 Mrs. Reh- 
ling, a native of West Point, Nebraska 
and veteran of 1 1 years System service, 
left her room at the Washington Hilton 
Hotel to attend the Selective Service Na- 
tional Operations Conference meeting 
downstairs. Behind her she left an un- 
locked suitcase containing a key enve- 
lope with a key and $100. When she re- 
turned she found the suitcase locked — 
with not a penny of the $100 left inside. 



Rita was quite stoic about her unpleas- 
ant discovery, however, and accepted it 
with a "charge it up to experience" air. 

But when Mr. Ed Locke, acting chief of 
the Management Evaluation Group, 
learned of Mrs. Rehling's financial loss 
he discussed her plight with the eleven 
management representatives attending 
the conference. They reported her loss in 
the various class sessions and urged con- 
tributions be placed in the Conference 




You've surely heard of the proverbial organization "yes" man — well, Mr. Clarence E. Boston is 
Selective Service's "no" man. For you see, Mr. Boston's new job as Reports and Documents Control 
Officer entails the rather unpleasant assignment of creating and supervising a reports control pro- 
gram that will prevent National Headquarters personnel .from unwittingly overloading State Head- 
quarters workers with superfluous reports and requests, many of which merely duplicate each other. 
In the picture above, Mr. Boston, a member of the Harvard University Varsity Club Football Hall of 
Fame and former head football coach at the University of New Hampshire, takes a breather from his 
prodigious task of curbing report overflow. 



Control Room in a collection box 
"Rita's Fund." 
The result of this kindly enterprii 
duced a sum of $85.33, presented I 
Rehling on the last day of the ( 
ence. Her reaction: "I think it's gt 
no one cares, life isn't worth 
Thank you for caring — it makes 
worthwhile." 



State Training 
Conferences Held f 
Supervisory Personi 



i 



State Training Conferences, desig] 
explain policy procedures set forth 
new Registrants Processing N 
(RPM), are to be held . throughoi 
country beginning the week of Ju 
Most states opted for regional confe 
with only supervisory personnel a 
ing, since past history has provei 
System time and money can be sav 
training only the area and group 
visors, area substitute clerks and i 
tive secretaries, and letting them, 
train their own employees. 

During the recent National Oper 
Conference in Washington, D.C. 
springboard for these state meetings 
resentatives from each state were tt 
in the new RPM procedures. Si 
matter specialists were called in fro 
field to assure proper instructions < 
the conference, as well as to ere 
worthwhile training program for i 
mentation at the state level. 

Immediately after this national c( 
ence in mid-June, the Training Di' 
at National Headquarters began t 
semble individual lesson plans used 
into a complete set of instructions f< 
states. The week of July 25 was set f(| 
beginning of these training session 1 
order to allow a reasonable amou 
time for the states to receive mat 
from National and tailor them to 
own needs. 

Information presented earlier this t 
at the Personnel and Fiscal Confer j 
in Denver will also be included ii 
state conclaves. 



HOW TO ORDER 

REGISTRANTS 

PROCESSING MANUAL 

Readers are advised that when someone 
outside the System requests a copy of the 
"Registrants Processing Manual" it 
CANNOT be ordered through National 
Headquarters in Washington. The only 
way one may order the Manual is to send 
a request, along with a check for $8.00 
(payable to Superintendent of Docu- 
ments), to: 

Superintendent of Documents 

Government Printing Office 

Washington, D.C. 20402 

Please appreciate that an eight-week pe- 
riod should be allowed for delivery. 



State Directors Meet 
on Equal Employment Opportunity 



Local and appeal board minority repre- 
sentation was the prime focus of action 
when the State Directors Committee on 
Equal Employment Opportunity met June 
23 at National Headquarters. 

This meeting was the result of both the 
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights and the 
Equal Employment Opportunity Commis- 
sion reviewing Selective Service's affirma- 
tive civil rights action plan and directing 
an impetus towards making local and ap- 
peal boards proportionately representa- 
tive of the ethnic mix in the communities 
they serve. 

The principal function of the Equal Em- 
ployment Opportunity Committee is to 



promote understanding of State and Na- 
tional problems concerning job discrim- 
ination, and to develop more effective 
policies in this area. 
Serving on the Committee are the fol- 
lowing State Directors (appointed March 
29,1971): Mr. Ernest Fears, Virginia, 
Chairman; Mr. Victor Bynoe, Massachu- 
setts; Colonel Melvin Glantz, Texas; Mr. 
Arthur Holmes, Michigan; and Mr. John 
Martin, District of Columbia. Also par- 
ticipating in the meeting was Acting Di- 
rector Bryon V. Pepitone and Mr. Rey- 
naldo Maduro, System Director for Equal 
Employment Opportunity Programs and 
Adviser to the Committee. 



Use ol funds lor printing of this publication am 
proved by the Director of the Bureau ot the Buiij 
get. August 7. 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of intormatici[ 
between National Headquarters and other cofl 
ponents of the Selective Service System aswiw' 
as the general public. However, nothing cow: 
tained herein may be accepted as modifying M 
enlarging provisions ol the Military Selectnlr 
Service Act or any other acts ot Congress. 
Communications should be addressed to Officii 
ot Public Information, National HeadquarteW 
Selective Service System, 1724 F Street, N.VlI. 
Washington. O. C. 20435. For sale by the Supe||' 
intendent ot Documents. U, S. Government 
ing Oflice, Washington. DC '20402-pr 
cents (single copy). Subscription price $1 00 p«Q 
year; 25 cents additional lor loreign mailing 



*U. S. Government Printing Office: 1972-784-156/2 Regit 




WASHINGTON. D. C • SEPTEMBER 1972 



1 972 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



CAB CRASH TAKES LIFE OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Sam FRANCISCO 
W . 1'BRARy 



DEPOTY DIRECTOR AND WIFE 



EEAD-ON COLLISION two 
:s north of Whiteville, North 
plina ended, at 50 years of 
the life of one of the Sys- 
s finest members, Lieu- 
nt Colonel Ollie W. Faison, 
Deputy State Director. Col. 
on's wife Daisy was also 
fd and his daughter Teresa 
cally injured in the July 21 
ident. 

illed "one of the outstand- 
operations people in the 
em" by N.C. State Director 
iam McCachren, Col. Faison 
often called on for service 
National Headquarters be- 
:e of his oft-demonstrated 
ative and imagination. 
pi. Faison, already approved 
rank of full Colonel at the 



time of his death, had just been 
cited for a Certificate of Merit 
May 31 for his outstanding work 
as a member of the Management 
and Operations Analysis Team 
— an awesome task that in- 
volved eight 
months of in- 
spection work 
in Boston and 
S acramento, 
California in the 
1970-71 period. 
He also 

helped develop 
the recently ini- 
tiated Uniform 
Filing System 
and supervised 
its trial run in 
several boards 



Hit* 



in Virginia and throughout the 
nation. 

Additionally, Col. Faison's 
accomplishments included 
serving as: (1) "umpire" for a 
System Regional Conference in 
October 1965 at 
Keesler A.F.B., 
Mississippi, 
where he su- 
pervised dry 
runs of the then 
visionary lot- 
tery and ran- 
dom sequence 
number project, 
(2) Chairman of 
the North Caro- 
lina U. S. Sav- 
ings Bond pro- 
gram for the last 



ten years, every year securing 
100% participation from all lo- 
cal boards and (3) Instructor at 
the first National Operations 
Conference in Savannah, Geor- 
gia, December, 1971, and the 
most recent National Opera- 
tions Conference in Washing- 
ton, June, 1972. 

Reminisces Mr. Glenn Bowles, 
National Headquarters Opera- 
tions Division Manager: "Ollie 
was a very fine person and a 
man who, in his own way, pos- 
sessed a quiet kind of personal- 
ity and dedication which al- 
ways imparted confidence to 
those around him." 

A native of Knightdale, N.C, 

where he was orphaned as a 

Continued on page 4. 



Hurricane Agnes Couldn't Stop Computer Service Center 
From Getting Out First Payroll 



JNG the payroll processing 
le System's first live payroll 
Tropical Storm Agnes hit 
eastern seaboard bringing 
t havoc and destruction, 
le night of June 21, 1972, 
winds and heavy rains 
k the Computer Service 
ter, causing a flickering of 
trical power; however, the 
trical power was not shut 
ind the computer remained 
peration. 

le disturbances caused by 
tropical storm resulted in 
smission delays of payroll 
to the center. 

le night of June 30, water 
ig in a nearby creek precipi- 
i the evacuation of the en- 
center and a complete shut- 
n of the computer. The flood 
rs receded in time, how- 
i and normal operations 
i resumed at seven the fol- 
;ng morning. 

■ustrating sidelight: Time 
attendance cards bound for 
Center were evacuated from 
hington's National Airport 
to rising flood waters, but 



where they were taken the Serv- 
ice Center messenger had to 
find out for himself. After hit- 
ting a dead end at Washington's 
Dulles International Airport, the 
poor boy finally located the 
cards 40 miles north of D. C. at 
Baltimore's Friendship Airport. 

Incidentally, the rumor that 
one of the Computer Service 
Center's employees was forced 
to wade in the Potomac River 
was false; however, many heroic 
actions of a similar nature were 
performed. 

All personnel concerned are 
to be commended for the suc- 
cess of the payroll system in 
the face of these tumultuous 
circumstances. 

In other computer develop- 
ments, a recent innovation has 
proven helpful to the Computer 
Service Center as well as ed- 
ucational for Area and Group 
Supervisors and Executive Sec- 
retaries. For the past several 
weeks— in a program that will 
continue for several months to 
come— selected personnel have 
spent two weeks each working 



closely with the Error Research 
and Quality Team at the Center, 
reviewing SSS Forms 2 and 110 
rejected by the OCR Scanner, 
and matching up the reject doc- 
uments with the error reports 
scheduled to be dispatched to 
the various states. The enthu- 
siasm and helpfulness of these 
personnel has greatly aided the 
Computer Service Center in 
reducing the backlog of error 
lists and rejected OCR forms. 

Education and training are 
key words at the Computer 
Service Center these days, as 
the personnel from the field 
now receive a formalized intro- 
duction to data processing via 
film, discussion groups, and 
handouts. Good results are ex- 
pected from this program as the 
experience and information 
gained by the visiting super- 
visors and executive secretaries 
is passed along to others. As 
always, education has again 
proven to be a "two-way street," 
and Center personnel have 
benefited from the visitors' sug- 
gestions in a number of areas. 



New Role For 
Regional Counsel 



ACTING DIRECTOR Byron Pep- 
itone has announced a new pro- 
cedure for responding to 
requests by registrants and their 
attorneys for postponements of 
induction. Allegations of Sys- 
tem procedural error in classifi- 
cation are common, and before 
now postponements by National 
Headquarters to assess the va- 
lidity of the alleged errors have 
been routine. In a shift of policy 
minimizing postponements in 
such cases, these complaints 
will now be referred to the 
Regional Counsel for an "on the 
spot" investigation and deter- 
mination as to whether a post- 
ponement should be granted. 
The Acting Director urges all 
System members to respond as 
quickly as possible to requests 
for information from the Re- 
gional Counsels. It is anticipated 
that the new procedure will be 
especially helpful in cases 
where induction is imminent. 



FROM THE ACTING DIRECTOR 

r 

System Members Meet W 
Demands of Change 



In a February, 1967 report ro Presidenr Johnson, 
the Norionol Advisory Commission on Selective 
Service stated: 

"The United States has outgrown its Selective 
Service System. 

"Thar System has operated with high standards 
of integrity and dedication through wars and 
warlike peace for a quarter of a century ... But 
world conditions have produced new circum- 
stances in which needless inequities and con- 
fusion are generated under the System among 
the men who must donate port of their lives to 
serve the nation's security. " 

Indeed, at that time thete existed a crisis of 
decaying confidence between Selective Service 
and some segments of the American public. It 
is my firm belief that in the years since this opin- 
ion was written Presidenr Nixon, Congress, and 
members of our System family have made great 
strides in adapting to the changes demanded 
by many sincere and conscientious Americans. 

To illusrrare my belief, let's look at the record 
for the past few years: 

Draft inducrions have declined significantly — 
the 1972 draft (50,000 maximum) is only one- 
eighth of rhor in 1966 (382,000); in fact, the 
target date for a zero draft is July, 1973 and 
sready progress is being made toward that goal. 
Not only are fewer men being drafted, but 
because of new government policy none of 
those who are called will be sent to Vietnam 
unless they so choose. 

Dramatic breakthrough reforms in registrant 
equity have given America's young men more 
personal freedom rhan they've enjoyed since 
the end of World War II. The lottery system hos 




reduced draft eligibility from seven insecure 
years ro one and has enabled young Americans 
to plan their lives with much gteater certainty. 

Before recent changes in the draft law the 
defermenr "sancruary" depleted the draft pool 
by more than 50% of eligible regisrranrs. The 
student defermenr, especially, led ro a gross 
socio-economic inequity, penalizing lower in- 
come Americans who lacked the financial re- 
sources and/or the mental inclination to attend 
college. Sensitive ro the well-founded charges 
of deferment injustice, the President moved 
swiftly to eliminate student, occupational, pater- 
nity and agricultural deferments, with the resulr 
that all registrants, with minor exceptions, ore 
now exposed to the possibility of induction. 

The implementation of the Uniform National 
Call has eliminated the old and unfair "quora" 
system and insured that all young men with the 
same RSN will be called at the same time — no 
matter where in the United States they may live. 

The tights of the individual registrant have also 
been expanded, allowing him the procedural 
right to appear in person before appeal boards 
and bring thtee witnesses to his local board 



personal appearance, if he so chooses. , 
under the new reforms, the registrant r 
be furnished the reasons behind on adv 
classification. 

Caught up in the tumultuous social change 
the late 1960's and early 70's, Selecrive Serk, 
hos token positive action to insure that the 
rem fairly represents all components of Ameri 
society, be they youth, women, or mint 
peoples. 

For instance, the minimum age fot local be 
membership has been dropped from 30 r< 
while rhe maximum age for membershi] 
been lowered from 75 to 65; and to pi 
stagnation in outlook, the maximum peril 
local board service has been reduced froi 
ro 20 years. 

Now announcing theoretical "policy" is i 
thing, but achieving palpable progress in ec 
representation is another. I believe rhe follov 
statistics indicate how the System is measu 
up in this area: (1 ) Since rhe minimum age 
local board membership was lowered to 
656 young people aged 18-29 have bi 
appointed to local boards (as of July 191 
(2) Until February, 1967 no women were 
lowed on boards. As of July 1972 rhere w 
874 ladies serving. (3) As of Seprember, 1< 
total minority represenrarion was 3% — as 
May, 1972 minority board represenrarion stc 
at 15.6%. (See chart on page 3 for compl 
run down of minority representation and o 
of local and appeal board personnel.) In 
dirion, there were no minority state director 
September, 1966 who were nominared b 
Governor and appoinred by rhe President 
May of this year, Black srare directors were s( 
ing in Virginia and Massachusetts while ot 
minority state directors continued serving 
Washington, D. C, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, 
Virgin Islands and Guam. 

I strongly feel that this record of law and n 
ularion reforms and practical accomplish™ 
proves that members of our System family* 
indeed grow with America and cope with < 
demands for change rhaf may arise now o 
rhe future. 



PLANS AND ANALYSIS: "BLUE SKY" THINKING 



PLANS AND ANALYSIS DIVI- 
SION, National Headquarters, 
as its name implies, is respon- 
sible for the evaluation of cur- 
rent System procedures and the 
forecasting of future System 
needs. 

Organizationally a brother to 
the Operations Division, it re- 
ports directly to Daniel J. 
Cronin, Assistant Deputy Direc- 
tor for Operations. 

Plans and Analysis has intro- 
duced to Selective Service the 
management systems approach, 
a concept whereby all areas of 
operations are approached 
along functional lines instead 
of through existing channels. In 
other words, the division's 



prime duty is to translate the 
existing impersonal organiza- 
tion into a smoothly run unit 
responsive to individual needs, 
yet responsible and coordi- 
nated. Work can be divided into 
three areas: planning, new 
programs, and task force 
assignments. 

PLANNING: This area deals 
with both the emergency plan- 
ning that would go into effect 
in case of some unforeseen di- 
saster and the day to day plan- 
ning, unifying and simplifying 
of local board operations. The 
first, of course, is more dra- 
matic; yet, it is the second area 
of responsibility which prob- 



ably has the most effect upon 
the public, for it influences the 
way in which the average per- 
son thinks of the System. 

Besides the more dramatic 
future planning for national 
emergency, plans are also being 
finalized for a time when the 
draft will no longer exist. The 
"stand-by program," scheduled 
for activation July 1, 1973, was 
framed by this office. 

NEW PROGRAMS - EQUITY: 
The goals of most New Programs 
research are twofold. First, they 
are an attempt to make the Se- 
lective Service a more equitable 
and uniform organization. Sec- 
ondly—in an objective closely 






tied to the first— there is 
attempt made to streamline t 
System so it can more eas; 
deal with individuals and otr, 
parts of its own organizatic 
Both the 1-H classification ai 
the Uniform Call Proposal 8 
examples of this concept ai 
both were born in Plans ai 
Analysis. Certainly, they do n 
claim all the credit for the Uj 
form Call as it finally went ill 
effect, because, like all oth 
measures finally adopted by t! 
System, the unadorned ther 
required the orchestration 
the Operations Division. 
To facilitate the administi 
Continued on pagt 



Uooa uriej! Heanuts Characters Push Urajt 
Information For Michigan YACs 



•WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THE 
DRAFT, CHARLIE BROWN?" 
)LIE BROWN: "I HADN'T REALLY 
GIVEN IT A GREAT 
DEAL OF THOUGHT." 

the Michigan Youth Advisory Committee 
) has been giving a great deal of thought to 

|young men in Michigan are thinking about 
raft, and so, with the aid of "Peanuts" £ 
show, they recently launched a youth 

riunication program explaining Selective 
;e regulations and procedures and the in- 

■lal's rights and responsibilities under the 

Im. During the 1971-72 school year the 
presented their unusual slide presenta- 

some 1,400 students at 18 high schools 
lected church and civic groups through- 

[ichigan. 

i YACs got their inspiration for the PFC 
ie Brown format from a religious program 
il members witnessed at a Youth Festival, 
;s Lake, Michigan in the summer of 71. In 
ntertainment, moral lessons from the Bi- 
ere translated and explained through the 
of Charlie Brown, Lucy, Linus, Snoopy, 
Ither "Peanuts" characters. 
! YACs were very impressed with the show 
occurred to them that maybe "Peanuts" 

1 be an excellent way to "reach" draft-age 
with the Selective Service story. The bold 
tive of the Michigan YACs — involving 
hours of work with the slides and accom- 
ng sound effects — turned this idea into 
y. As Richard Surato, Michigan YAC Chair- 
recalls: "We were confident that youth ( 
i listen to the Peanuts characters, where 
seemed to be sarcastic and indignant to- 
us and Selective Service officers trying to 
iut the same information." 
d as things turned out, the YACs confi- 

was justified. According to Mr. Surato: 
. Time and time again our seminar was 
red with interest and attention. In fact, on 
three occasions did the program not lead 
ly into varied questions and discussions 
rious draft subjects ... It is interesting to 
der that at those programs where the re- 




PFC (CHARLIE BROWN 




I sponse was slow, attendance had been required 
• by school officials— it was as if the youth took 
offense at being told to see the slides. When at- 
tendance was voluntary, the responses were 
wonderful, indicating that those attending were 
doing so because they had sincere problems 
and questions." 

Participation of YAC members in this worth- 
while public relations program is strictly vol- 
untary—and therein lies a problem. Explains 
^ Richard: "It is our general opinion that to be 
<•« most effective and more professional, the pres- 
bl entation should become a full-time job, as we 
<S do not feel we can become truly effective lim- 
| ited to a volunteer time-table. There are far too 
many people to be reached to limit ourselves to 
just one or two programs a week." 

Numerous copies of the "Peanuts" presenta- 
tion could be made available to high schools 
throughout Michigan by way of State Headquar- 
ters, Surato feels. "Another version of the pro- 
gram should be produced," he adds, "and 
shown to counselors and other school officials, 
whom we have found in most cases to be more 
misinformed on draft issues than the students 
they guide." 

Arthur Holmes, Michigan State Director, is 
highly enthusiastic about this innovative new 
step in System-youth intercommunication and 
reports that he has received nothing but com- 
pliments from school leaders over the ardor of 
Committee members and the high quality of 
their presentation. 
In fact, an excerpt from their own "Peanuts" 
J slide show script pretty well describes Michi- 
gan's exuberant YACs: 

SLIDE 51 "THIS YOUTH ADVISORY 

ORGANIZATION IS A GREAT 
THING, LINUS." 

SLIDE 52 "IT HELPS TO CREATE A BETTER 
UNDERSTANDING OF THE 
DRAFT AMONG THE YOUNG 
PEOPLE OF AMERICA." 

SLIDE 53 "DOES THIS INCLUDE GIRLS? 
SURE, WHY NOT?" 

SLIDE 54 "SOMEHOW I'VE ALWAYS FELT 
GIRLS DON'T UNDERSTAND 
US." 



BES OF LOCAL BOARD MEMBERS 



(As of September 1966) 



(As of July 1972) 
(Includes Appeal 
Board Members) 



MINORITY REPRESENTATION 
ON LOCAL BOARDS* 



(As of September 1 966) (As of May 1 972) 



S 18-29 


None 


s 30-39 


791 


■S 40-49 


3,944 


I 50-59 


4,379 


1 60-69 


3,809 


S 70-79 


3,180 


I 80-89 


388 


s 90-99 


12 



656 
3,308 
7,264 
6,904 
1,756 
None 
None 
None 



Oriental 

American Indian 

Spanish-Speaking 

Negro 

White 

TOTAL MINORITY 



38( 2 /ioOf1%) 
16(VioOf1%) 
240 (1 V 2 %) 
213(1.3%) 
15,506(97%) 
(3%) 



123( 7 /ioof 1%) 
94 ( 5 /io of 1%) 
814 (4V 2 %) 
1,874(10%) 
15,566(84.4%) 
(15.6%) 



'Minority and age data furnished by Selective Service's own Computer Serv- 
ice Center. Due to our new data processing capability, this is the first time 
the System has been able to generate its own internal demographics. 



mew jersey picks 
First Chairwoman 

Women's liberation protestors — equal 
employment opportunity division — may 
in good conscience safely avoid picket- 
ing Local Board No. 30, Hamilton Town- 
ship, New Jersey. For inside, conscien- 
tiously expediting the Chairman's chores 
is Mrs. Margaret M. Malone, the Garden 
State's first female Local Board Chair- 
man and one of the first women serving 
in her capacity in the whole nation. 

And besides this most recent awesome 
responsibility, Mrs. Malone's extensive 
background in military and civic service 
indicates she gives no credence to the old 
notion that a woman's place is in the 
home. 

A native of Trenton, New Jersey, Mrs. 
Malone joined the Women's Army Corps 
in 1943 and served with the Army Air 
Corps in homefront duties until Decem- 
ber II, 1945. 

After the war, she returned to Trenton 
and went to work for the CF&I Steel 
Corporation, and today is Supervisor of 
Pensions and Insurance for the firm. 

Besides being the first chairwoman in 
her state, she has chalked up a national 
first on her record: an election to county 
commander of her Local American Le- 
gion. She has also served this patriotic 

PLANS AND ANALYSIS 

Continued from page 2. 

tion of all these new innovations 
and future plans the Department 
is divided into two branches. 
The Plans Branch is responsible 
for the emergency planning al- 
ready mentioned. To do this 
effectively, it must constantly 
maintain close liaison with ap- 
propriate governmental agen- 
cies such as the Office of Emer- 
gency Preparedness, which in 
turn is directly responsible to 
the National Security Council. 
Liaison is also maintained with 
the Departments of Labor and 
Defense. 

The second administrative 
branch after the actual Planning 
Branch is Research and Studies. 
Its job is to analyze and recom- 
mend new policies and gener- 
ally find more feasible ways of 
doing the System's work. Natur- 
ally, this involves constant re- 
view of existing procedures 
and regulations. 

Who are the people responsi- 
ble for these changes? They vary 
in almost all respects. Ages 
range from the twenties to the 
late fifties. Educational back- 
grounds vary from an engineer- 
ing degree to a degree in English. 
Some have had prior experience 
as reserve officers or in private 
industry. Others have become 
members of the planning staff 
immediately upon graduation 
from college. 

How does the Department see 
itself? "We like to think of our- 
selves as the "blue sky" think- 
ers of Selective Service," says 




Mrs. Margaret M. Malone, left. Chairwoman. 
Local Board No. 30, New Jersey, is shown 
checking SSS forms with Executive Secretary 
Diane Robinson after a recent Local Board meeting 
in Trenton. 

organization as Department Finance Of- 
ficer, Department Historian, and Com- 
mander of her county's (Mercer) Wom- 
en's Post. 

And if this isn't enough, she is also a 
member of the Board of Directors for the 
USO Council of Greater Trenton. 

Mrs. Malone was originally asked to 
serve on the local board by former State 
Director Joseph Avella, and when the 
board reorganized in April, she was 
elected chairman. 

Believing that her new board — all but 
two brand new members with two "quite 
young" — will be a good one, she states 
that: 

"We want to be fair about everything. 
We want to give each case plenty of time 
and study." 

Colonel David Rogers, Plans 
and Analysis Manager. Per- 
haps the only ones who know 
whether the "blue sky" theories 
work are the people affected by 
their implementation: the draft- 
ees and the local board members 
who serve them. 
CAR CRASH 
Continued from page 1. 

young boy and was still living 
when his death occurred, Col. 
'Faison served with the Army in 
Europe and Asia during World 
War II, winning the European 
Theatre Medal and the Combat 
Infantryman's Badge. After re- 
ceiving his degree from N.C. 
State University in 1949 (along 
with an ROTC commission in 
the Quartermaster Corps), he 
went to work for the state De- 
partment of Agriculture, and 
resigned from there in Decem- 
ber, I960 to go on active duty 
with the State Selective Service. 

Mr. and Mrs. Faison were ac- 
tive in both church and com- 
munity activities around the 
Knightdale area. Commenting 
on their untimely death, one 
local columnist lamented: 

"It has saddened our hearts 
to have these faithful, com- 
munity-spirited people taken 
from our midst . . . Too much 
could not be said about the 
many good deeds the Faisons 
did for their church and their 
community. They will long be 
remembered and indeed 
missed." 

The Faison's, married Decem- 
ber 29, 1943, are survived 
by three children and one 
grandson. 



ANONYMOUS SECRETARY WAXEN 



POETIC AROUT OCR 

AN ANONYMOUS secretary in a Richmond, Virginia local 1 
submitted this topical ditty to the June issue of the Old Dom 
Bulletin, a bi-monthly unofficial publication of the Virgini 
lective Service System: 







O.C.R. 



Lear Ye! Hear Ye! Wherever you are; 
Here's a message about the "OCR". 
The alphabet was put together right, 
But the numeral keys are not our type. 

We breeze along, and think we're swell, 
But when we strike a one we get an el. 
Then we find, and you'll agree 
We strike a two but get a three. 

We're doing fine and pretty nifty 

Sending them out in batches of fifty. 

But typing forms would be fit-as-a-fiddle 

If we could blob everywhere including the middle. 

So at times we ail get miffed 

Simply because we forget to shift 

We have to be on our Q's and P's 

Or we'll get things that look like these "CVtPrl } 

We wish the registrants would be on guard 
And stop losing their registration card. 
Because one thing that we hate 
Is issuing them in dup-li-cate. 

We like the machines and think they're grand 
Once in a while they get out of hand. 
Now and then one will get out of whack 
And we have to call the mechanic back. 

At first "OCR" seemed a little odd 
But we found out they do the job. 
After all is said and done 
We only wish we ALL had one. 





Transpoptation ReimbursBment 



CHAPTER 3 (Travel) of the Lo- 
cal Board Fiscal Manual, re- 
cently published by National 
Headquarters, provides that 
each local board member will 
be given the opportunity to re- 
quest or decline reimbursement 
for transportation in connection 
with official meetings of his lo- 
cal board. In 1971 the Director 
instituted a uniform transporta- 
tion reimbursement policy for 
all local board members; prior 
to that time the individual state 
directors made local policies. 
Rates differed among states and 
some local board members did 
not know they could be reim- 
bursed. Board members may 
now be reimbursed for trans- 
portation between their home 
or office and the board— pro- 
vided travel is in connection 
with official meetings of that 
board. 
Together with the instruc- 



tions in Chapter 3, the new 
Form 4, "Local Board Men 
Travel Reimbursement Req 
or Declination," providt 
standard method for be 
members to request or dec 
reimbursement. Actions s 
as these are helping Selec 
Service achieve greater eqi 
and uniformity for its | 
sonnel while at the s£ 
time maximizing equity am 
registrants. 



Use of funds for printing of this publication apr, 
the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, Augus| 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of 
between National Headquarters and other cot | 
of the Selective Service System as well as th( 
public. However, nothing contained herein 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisionso 
tary Selective Act of 1967. or any other acts oft 

Communications should be addressed to: 
Public Information, National Headquarters, 
Service System 1724 F Street, N.W., Washing! 
20435. For sale by the Superintendent of Do 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washingfi] 
20402-price 10 cents (single copy) Subscripts 
$1.00 per year; 25 cents additional for foreign 



Dffirfi: 1 Q 7? -7 ft 4-1 5 7/3 I 




WASHINGTON, D. C. • OCTOBER 1972 



Selecliue Seruice ME 



" UBL 'CUB~££ 



HIGHEST DRAFT NUMBER FOR 72: 95 



The draft ceiling for the last 
three months of 1972 will be 
RSN 95, the System an- 
nounced September 1. 

Approximately 15,900 

i men will be inducted during 

the October-December pe- 



riod, with the majority of in- 
ductions taking place in Oc- 
tober and November. 

The inductions for the last 
three months of 1972 will 
bring the total of men in- 
ducted into the Army in 1972 



to approximately 50,000 — 
the number Defense Secre- 
tary Melvin Laird indicated 
would be required during 
1972. More than 94,000 men 
were inducted during 1971, 
while 163,500 were inducted 



in 1970. 

Men with lottery numbers 
through RSN 75 are being 
inducted in August and 
September. 



FEDERAL COURT SAYS 
CLASS ACTIONS NOT 
PPLICARLE TO SYSTEM 

n the court order of one District Judge 
lad Selective Service in the processing 

all similarly situated registrants outside 
; boundaries of the judge's district? No, it 
innot. the United States Court of Appeals 

the Seventh Circuit decided July 28. 
The case in dispute, Thomas T. Shrader 

Selective Service System Local Board 

. 76 of Wisconsin, involved a registrant, 
hrader, who filed suit in the U. S. Dis- 
ct Court for the Western District of Wis- 
nsin to stop the System from inducting 
m and, instead, to give him a 3-A father- 
od deferment. 



Schrader's action was brought on the grounds that a decision in another District 
Court in Michigan (Gregory v. Hershey, 1969 — favorable to plaintiffs seeking 3-A 
deferments — ) established an interpretation of System regulations which he 
thought applied to him; the Michigan judge said the Gregory case was a class ac- 
tion decision binding all others similarly situated. Schrader reasoned that since 
he was similarly situated, he was covered under that order. 

The Wisconsin judge agreed with Schrader, saying that the System was indeed 
bound by the order of the Michigan Court in the Gregory case. 

The U. S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit had reversed the Gregory v. 
Hershey decision in Gregory v. Tarr, 1971, but the Wisconsin District Court said 
that in the interim between the Michigan District Court decision and the reverse 
of this decision in the Court of Appeals for the Sixth District the Gregory decision 
applied to all in this class whether or not they were in Michigan. 

The Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (encompassing Wisconsin, Illinois, 
and Indiana) reversed the decision of the Wisconsin District Court, however, im- 
plying that class actions are not appropriate for Selective Service, and that a Dis- 
trict Court's ruling should be limited so as to affect only the actual plaintiffs of 
record in a particular case. 

On August 24, the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit applied the Schrader 
decision as law within its jurisdiction (Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee) 
in the case of Edward A. Zeilstra v. Curtis W. Tarr. 



BLACK STATE DIRECTOR RESIGNS FROM SYSTEM 



Ernest Donald Fears, Jr., 40, the first black man ever nom- 
inated by a Governor for a State Director's post, resigned 
from Virginia's Selective Service System on September 4 
to become manager of personnel, community services and 
labor negotiations for the Washington Star Station Group 
— an aggregation of television and radio stations in Wash- 
ington, D. C. Lynchburg. Va., and Charleston, S.C. 

During Fear's tenure as Virginia State Director, which 
began with his appointment in December of 1970, minority 
representation on Virginia local boards shot up from 12.1 
to 23.9 per cent — a higher percentage than the minority 
population in the Old Dominion state. For his exceptional 
efforts to bring minorities into the System, Fears received 
the Selective Service Equal Employment Opportunity 
Award last March at the State Directors Conference in 
Washington. 

No office-bound functionary he, itinerant Ernie enjoyed 
making personal visits to nearly all his local boards in 
order to improve the efficacy of the System. 

Commenting on Mr. Fears's departure from the System 
he helped energize, Virginia Governor Linwood Holton 



said: 

"In a very short time Ernie has proved to be one of the 
best Selective Service Directors in the country.'' 

Looking back over his twenty-month Selective Service 
experience, Ernie reminisces: 

"My tour was gratifying and heart- 
warming and I appreciated the op- 
portunities to bring about better 
relationships between the races. Na- 
tional Headquarters and local board 
members gave me fine support and 
the executive secretaries were so 
wonderful — I wish more could be 
done for these fine ladies in the way 
of more recognition and higher pay 
grades. I wish more people would 
understand that System personnel 
want to be fair and would be per- 
fectly willing to answer questions. 
More needs to be told about what 
these people do for the registrant." 




FROM THE ACTING DIRECTOR 

STANDBY DRAFT: BUSINESS AS USUAL 



(ALMOST) 



Dy now, I am sure most members 
of our System family are aware of 
Presidenr Nixon's Augusr 28 
announcemenr rhar rhe induction 
authority will not be extended 
beyond June 30, 1973. While I 
am sure many Americans 
breorhed o sigh of relief and 
gratitude on hearing this news, I 
fear that it may have given some 
of out System members cause for 
anxiety, especially tegarding 
their furure employment situation. 

So, to deter possible 
overreaction to ot exoggetation 
of the implications of Ptesident 
Nixon's statement, I would like to 
put this dtaft expiration affait into 
some petspective. 

In the fitst place, the end of the 
induction authority is nor a 
certainty — only a very good 
probability. Sectetary Laird 
qualified Mr. Nixon's promise by 
hinging its fulfillment on the 
understanding and respect shown 
rowotd military cateetists by the 
Ametican public, and on 
Congressional passage of rhe 
Unifotmed Services Special Pay Act 
of 1972 (authorizing special pay 
inducements to arttact and retain 
skilled specialists in the atmed 
forces, while bringing Reserve and 
Narional Guard forces up to 
necessary sttength). 



While rhe upturn in armed 
service enlisrmenrs in rhe last 
several months has been 
encouraging, rhe Atmy still has 
over a half-year period to prove 
it can attract all rhe volunreets it 
needs, with minimal underlying 
draft ptessure. 

Even if rhe induction authority 
tetminates in June, rhe System is 
by no means going out of 
business. Selective Service is 
required by permanenr legislation 
ro operate on a standby basis— to 
be resurrecred ot full force in case 
of an emergency situation and/ 
ot national mobilization. Section 
10(h) of the 1971 amendments 
to the Military Selective Service Act 
is very clear on this: 

"If at any time calls under rhis 
section fot the induction of persons 
for Training and service in rhe 
Armed Forces are discontinued 
because the Armed Forces are 
placed on an all-volunteer basis 
for meeting their active duty 
manpower needs, the Selective 
Service Sysrem, as it is constituted 
on the date of the enactment of 
this subsection, shall, nevertheless, 
be maintained as an active 
standby organization, with (Da 
complete registration and 
classificarion srructute capable of 
immediate opetation in rhe event 



of a narional emergency, and (2) 
personnel adequare ro reinstitute 
immediately the full opetation of 
the System, including military 
reservisrs who are Trained ro 
operate such System and who can 
be otdeted to active duty fot such 
purpose in rhe evenr of a narional 
emergency." 

In other words, we are planning 
a standby System that will 
encompass: (1 ) tegisttation of all 
men at 18, (2) an annual lottery, 
(3) classification, and (4) AFEES 
examinations fot a certain portion 
of rhe 1 -A pool, so as to have 
some men, probably in rhe 
vicinity of 1 00, 000, ready for 
inducrion in case of partial or full 
mobilization. 

The exact extent of Selective 
Service operations under a 
srandby system is hard ro predicr. 
However, rhe Appropriarions 
Subcommirrees of borh houses of 
Congress hove provided rhe 
Sysrem with enough money to 
maintain operations and 
personnel for the remainder of 
Fiscal Year 1973; rhar is, through 
June 30, 1973, and System 
members can temain confident 
that we plan no mojot petsonnel 
reducrions during that time. Fiscal 
Yeat 1974, however, may see 
some contraction in Selective 




Service employment, but, age 
we expect that a large majotit 
employees will have the 
opportunity for continuing 
employment and service. 

Those who remain wirhin oui 
Sysrem family beyond June 3C 
1973 will in no way degenera 
ro a Rip Van Winkle status. The 
will remain a vitally important 
responsibility, for rhey musr ret< 
Selective Service as a highly- 
motivated, efficient, and 
dedicated organizational struct: 
capable of coping immediatelj 
with emetgency needs for m 
manpower. 

Byron V. Pepitcjll 




The U. S. team has come home 
from Munich, Germany, the 
site of the most controversial, 
zany and tragic Olympics ever, 
and with them bringing 94 
medals — four of which were 
contributed by draftees. 

PFC John Williams, sta- 
tioned at Ft. Myer, Virginia, 
on the day of his 19th birth- 
day, topped the world's best 
bow and arrow men to win the 
gold medal in archery with 
world record scores. 

SP4 Tim Mickelson, Walter 



Reed Army Hospital in Wash- 
ington, D. C, was on the eights 
rowing team that won the sil- 
ver medal — the only medal 
the U. S. rowing team took in 
its worst showing in modern 
Olympic history. Tim's pre- 
vious experience includes 
three years on the varsity crew 
of the University of Wiscon- 
sin and two times on the U. S. 
National crew. 

PFC Arnie Robinson, Ft. 
Ord, California, won the 
bronze medal in the long 



jump, while SP4 William 
Schmidt, also of Ft. Ord, got 
his bronze in the javelin 
throw. 

Some other draftee Olym- 
pians, who, though certainly 
through no lack of fanatical 
desire and courage, didn't 
bring home any medals but 
who now know what it's like 
to strive with gods: 
PENTATHLON: SP4 John Fitz- 
gerald, Ft. Sam Houston, 
Texas; CYCLING: PFC John 
Howard, Ft. Polk, Louisiana, 



PFC Gary Campbell, Ft. Sf 
Oklahoma, PFC David Chal 
ner, Ft. Polk, PFC Harold H| 
sey, Ft. Dix, New Jersey, Plf 
Steven Woznik, Ft. Jacksoi 1 
South Carolina; TEAM HAW 
BALL: SP4 Fletcher AbrarrJ 
Ft. McClellan, Alabama; lj| 
CATHLON: SP4 Jeff Bennef 
Ft. Ord; 800 METERS: 31 
Ken Swenson, Ft. Riley, Kit 
sas; DISCUS: PFC Tim vll 
mer, Ft. Lewis, Washingtol 



WASHINGTON, D. C. • OCTOBER 1972 




Volunteer flrimj: The Light at the End of the Tunnel 



PRESIDENT NIXON CONFIDENT DRAFT WILL END JOLY, 1973 



e will be able, as planned, 
jliminate entirely by July, 
3, any need for peacetime 
scription into the armed 
;es," President Nixon said 
gust 28. 

.ater, Defense Secretary 
lvin Laird qualified Mr. 
con's statement by identify- 
two obstacles that may pre- 
it realization of the all- 
unteer army: 

)ne stumbling block would 
Congressional failure to 
;s the Uniformed Services 
scial Pay Act of 1972, 
ich. among other provi- 
ns, would authorize Re- 
ve enlistment and reenlist- 
nt bonuses up to $1,100 
,200 for those with "critical 
lis") and up special pay of 
:tors and dentists from $1 50 
6350 a month. 



THE RECRUITMENT DRIVE 




The Defense Department 
Is these pay increases are 
:essary to induce skilled 
;cialists to enter and re- 
in in the service, while 
nging National Guard and 
serve manpower— currently 
000 below authorized 
mgth of 972,674 -up to 
nimum levels. 
The other impediment to 
all-volunteer future, ac- 
•ding to Secretary Laird, 
uld simply be "lack of un- 
•standing and respect for 
jple serving in the armed 
ces." This was understood 
mean that an all-volunteer 
ce could be made impos- 
le if too many Americans 



scorn the military, thereby 
discouraging volunteers. 

Regarding this problem of 
civilian attitude, former Army 
Chief of Staff William West- 
moreland warned just before 
his retirement: 

". . . To achieve a volunteer 
Army we have to have public 
support. 

"Unhappily, antiwar atti- 
tudes have become antimili- 
tary attitudes in some sectors 
of our society. I believe that 
steps must be taken to develop 
an understanding of the rai- 
son d'etre for military forces, 
so that the average American 
citizen will have an under- 
standing and appreciation of 
why we have people in 
uniform. 

"If we can create an attitude 
of understanding and respect, 
we can fill up our ranks with- 
out the draft. But to continue 
to demean or disparage the 
man in uniform is working 
against eliminating the draft. 

"The American public can't 
have it both ways." 

Laird confidently predicts, 
however, that both these ob- 
stacles in the path will be met 
and overcome — pointing out 
strong Congressional support 
for the special pay act now 
pending, and furnishing sta- 
tistics showing a rise in volun- 
teer enlistments. 

The abolition of the draft, 
Mr. Laird added, would not 
mean the dismantling of the 
apparatus of the Selective 
Service System, which is au- 
thorized by permanent legis- 
lation and which would be 
retained for emergency 
situations. 

The Administration's goal 
is a peacetime all-volunteer 
force composed of 2.3 million 
men on active duty and one 
million selected Reserve mem- 



bers. To reach this target, the 
Administration has spent 
about $1.9 billion on transi- 
tional costs of ending the draft 
— mainly higher pay scales — 
and plans to spend about $2.7 
billion in the fiscal year 1973 
and more in succeeding years. 

How well has this spending 
paid off in the acid test of ac- 
tual recruitment? 

While falling short on over- 
all objectives, the services did 
recruit 41,900 men in June 
and 44,700 in July against 
planned goals of 45,800 and 
47,200 respectively. A total of 
447 ,000 men must be recruited 
between July of this year and 
June of next year to meet the 
all-volunteer objectives. 

To help reach this goal, the 
services are increasing their 
women's corps with almost 
6,000 more women to be re- 
cruited during that same pe- 
riod than was originally 
planned. 

The "point man" for the all- 
volunteer force, Assistant Sec- 
retary of Defense for Man- 
power and Reserve Affairs, 
Roger T. Kelley, optimistically 
compares fiscal 1971 enlist- 
ments, when there was intense 
draft pressure and 152,000 
men called up, with fiscal 
1972 enlistments when draft 
calls were only 25,000 men. 

"Despite the sharp decline 
in draft pressure," Mr. Kelley 
explains, "we enlisted more 
total numbers, with a much 
higher rate of true volunteer- 
ism, with a higher total num- 
ber of high school graduates, 
and with other improvements 
in the quality of the force en- 
listed than we had in fiscal 
1971. 

"Many of the dire predic- 
tions of the skeptics about 
what would happen with the 
diminution and elimination of 



draft pressure simply have not 
happened." 

Countering the skeptics who 
claim that an all-volunteer 
force will attract only the poor 
and uneducated and/or mi- 
nority peoples, Kelley asserts: 

"We regard this poor boy 
charge as irrelevant. The qual- 
ifications for entry are mental, 
moral and physical, and if 
kids from a lower socio-eco- 
nomic class meet them, so 
much the better for them and 
the Services." 

Kelley also notes a signifi- 
cant rise in the number and 
percentage of enlisting high 
school graduates— 71 percent 
of June enlistees and 66 per- 
cent of July enlistees had high 
school diplomas. 

The expected disappear- 




ance of college graduates from 
the enlisted ranks (about 5 per- 
cent of the total in late 1969J 
doesn't bother Kelley: 

"We don't need college 
graduates in the enlisted 
ranks. We do need high school 
graduates." 

Even if these kids are from 
lower- and middle-income 
homes, Kelley believes they 
could do well anywhere and 
would not be necessarily eco- 
nomically disadvantaged on 
the outside. 

Replying to the charge of a 
voluntary army being nothing 
but a "black man's army," Kel- 
ley pointed out that the black 
CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 



LAIRD REPORT OUTLINES PROBLEMS, PROGRESS IN ACHIEVING 
VOLUNTEER ARMY 



In an August, 1972 report to 
President Nixon and the Chair- 
men of the Armed Services 
Committees of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives, 
titled "PROGRESS IN END- 
ING THE DRAFT AND 
ACHIEVING THE ALL-VOL- 
UNTEER ARMY," Defense 
Secretary Melvin Laird shows 
how this nation, despite criti- 
cal manpower problems yet 
unsolved, is within reach of 
realizing on July 1, 1973 an 
All-Volunteer Force composed 
of 2.3 million active duty and 



ARMY GROUND 

COMBAT ARMS ENLISTMENTS 

IKOHTMY iVEMGEI 3 '°" 3,006 



JUL-OEC MN-JLIH 



1 million Selected Reserve 
Members. 

On the progress end of the 
all-volunteer spectrum, Sec- 
retary Laird broke down his 
discussion into the following 
broad areas: 

LEGISLATIVE PROGRAMS 
Congress enacted a substantial 
increase in pay and allow- 
ances for the lower-ranking 
enlisted man, effective No- 
vember 14, 1971, that more 
than doubled his basic pay, 
enabling the military services 
to compete for young men 
(and women) in the labor 
market. 

DECLINING DRAFT CALLS 
Calls have declined from a 
1968 level of 299,000 to no 
more than 50,000 this year, 
with draft calls from January 
to July, 1973 minimized as 
much as possible, if not 
avoided entirely. This dra- 
matic decline was made pos- 
sible by attracting more 
voluntary enlistees and by re- 
ducing the size of the Active 
Forces from a Vietnam war 
peak of 3.5 million to 2.3 mil- 
lion in Fiscal Year (FY) 1972. 
THE ROLE OF THE GUARD 
AND RESERVE IN THE 
TOTAL FORCE CONCEPT 
To offset the decline in Re- 



serve and National Guard ef- 
fectiveness and credibility, 
aggravated during the pre- 
1969 Vietnam buildup, the 
Guard and Reserve portion of 
the Defense budget has been 
increased from $2.1 billion in 
FY 1969 to 4.1 billion in FY 
1973 — the largest single year 
investment in the Guard and 
Reserve in our nation's his- 
tory. In addition, Navy and 
Marine Reserves have been 
substantially modernized, Air 
Guard and Air Force Reserves 
are being transitioned into 
more modern aircraft at the 
fastest rate in their history, 
and training has been intensi- 
fied in all Guard and Reserve 
Components. 
ENLISTMENT TRENDS 
Despite the sharp drop in 
draft calls in FY 1972, enlist- 
ment levels have been main- 
tained and the proportion of 
true volunteers (not draft- 
motivated) among those who 
enlisted increased from 59 to 
75 percent. 
During July to December 

1971, ground combat enlist- 
ments (infantry, artillery, ar- 
mor) averaged 3,000 a month, 
continuing at this level into 

1972. The combat arms bonus 
of $1,500 for four-year enlist- 
ments begun June 1st, has 
been effective in securing 
longer term enlistments: There 
were 5,400 June enlistments 
in the Army, with approxi- 
mately half enlisting for 
four years under the bonus 
program. 

QUALITY OF ENLISTMENTS 
Despite the sharp reduction in 
draft calls, the quality of en- 
listees has remained high — 
with the exception of the 
Navy. 

High school graduates ac- 
counted for 70 percent of en- 
listments in FY 1972 as com- 
pared with 67 percent the 
previous year. This is a good 
quality sign since high school 
grads perform better in their 
military jobs than those who 
have not graduated. 

And the mental test scores 
of those who enlisted this past 
year indicate that quality can 
be maintained without draft 
pressure. Considering that the 
primary market for enlisted 



volunteeers is among non-col- 
lege youth of military age, the 
Services in FY 1972 enlisted a 
significantly higher propor- 
tion of young men in the high- 
est mental categories than is 
contained in the non-college 
youth population. There was 
no decrease in quality, either, 
as the number of true volun- 
teers increased in FY 1972. 
OFFICER REQUIREMENTS 
It is not anticipated that the 
procurement of officers will 
present a major problem with 
the ending of the draft. The 



«,.,» 


X, MENTAl ABILITY 


160- 


OF TRUE VOLUNTEERS 


120- 










IY 71 
\ 








10- 


FY 71 
\ 












60- 














r 










63 


87 




102 


131 


1- 


S3 




I 


1 t II 


E 


III 


IV 


I0VE »Y!«» 


AVEH6GS 


IE10W AVERAGE 


MENTAL GHOUrS 





military Services met their re- 
quirements for 43,000 new 
commissioned officers last 
year, and recent legislation in- 
creasing the number of ROTC 
scholarships and subsistence 
payments is expected to check 
any serious decline in ROTC 
enrollment. Legislation has 
been proposed to Congress to 
counter the expected shortage 
of doctors and other special- 
ized officers. 

"The great progress that has 
been made in reducing reli- 
ance on the draft must not di- 
vert our attention from the 
essential task of solving sev- 
eral remaining problems," 
Laird's report continues, and 
then proceeds to list three 
problems still facing the De- 
fense Department: 

1. To avoid substantial man- 
power shortages in the Active 
Forces, including those affect- 
ing critical specialties, by a 
combination of management 
actions and financial incen- 
tives that will increase reten- 
tion, stabilize the force, and 
reduce the heavy burden of 
recruiting new and untrained 
personnel. 

2. To attract qualified volun- 
teers and retain experienced 
personnel in sufficient num- 
bers to meet the manning re- 



quirements of the Guard 

Reserve. 

3. To eliminate the dot 

draft by making military c 

tors' pay reasonably comp 

tive with that of civilian c 

tors and by increasing 

professional challenge of in 

ical practice in the Arr 

Forces. 

Concluding his diagnostic 

port on the all-volunt 

movement, Secretary La 

emphatically concludes: 

"The most difficult par) 
the job lies ahead . . . Sc 
may be tempted to comj 
mise the strength of our foi 
in the haste to eliminate 
draft . . . Others may 
tempted, in the interest 
short range economy, to < 
approve the costs associa 
with the transition from a c 
scripted to an All-Volunt 
Armed Force. 

"There is only one ri 
way to go. That is to rm 
tain the strength of our m 
tary forces while moving 
solve the remaining m. 
power supply problems 
soon as possible. We are a 
ious to complete the job i 
end the draft by July 1, 19 
To do so, we urgently need 
support of Congress and 
American people." 



PRESIDENT NIXON 
CONFIDENT 

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 

Army population— presei 
about 11 percent — is roug 
2V2 percent less thanthe bll 
percentage of the total U 
population for that age gro 
and that the Army's latest 
nus plans to draw more n 
into combat arms are attri 
ing probably one or two r. 
cent more blacks than tl 
over-all percentage of the U 
military-age population. , 
So to sum up: Barring! 
highly unlikely possibilil 
of Congressional refusal 
pass the Uniformed Servi 
Special Pay Act of 1972 a] 
or an overly antagonistic ci 1 
ian population significan 
reducing the number of V 
unteers, inductions will cef 
on June 30, 1973. 



IMIXED BAG 



RATIONAL PRESS REACTION TO DRAFT DEMISE: 



Iwspaper editorial and col- 
Innist reaction to President 
xon's announcement oi Au- 
it 28 - prophesying the end 
the draft and realization of 
s all-volunteer army — cov- 
;d the spectrum from bravos 
guarded optimism to cyni- 
m. Here's a brief sampl- 
of fourth-estate opinion 
tionvvide: 

E NEW YORK TIMES, 
PT. 3: 

ne irony in this admitted 
for the youth vote is that 
lition of the draft is clearly 
ibber promise. The Admin- 
ation counts on the Selec- 
Service Act and the 
chinery erected under it 
laining intact . . . 
A still greater irony in the 
mise of a draft-free army is 
it it might well do more 
nage to American security 
in Senator McGovern's pro- 
sed defense budget cut of 
) billion over three years 
once draftees now in serv- 
are released and all enlist- 
nts must be truly voluntary, 
her than draft-stimulated, 
re is reason to doubt that 
n the present high pay lev- 
would entice enough 
ung men from civilian life 
maintain a high-quality mil- 
ry establishment of 2.3 mil- 
n men — particularly in 
om times." 

IE CLEVELAND PLAIN 
ALER, AUGUST 30: 

souring, contentious, di- 
ive element will be gone 
m American life if military 
iscription is indeed ended 

next July 1, as President 
xon says it can be. 
'. . . In time of peace or 
asi-peace, there demon- 
ably is no way to make the 
aft fair, no way to burden 

young men equally." 

IE KNICKERBOCKER 
EWS, ALBANY, N.Y. 
PT. 1: 

. An all-professional mili- 
•y force, without the leaven- 
g effect of civilian soldiers, 



could become a powerful po- 
litical force in itself, and anti- 
civilian. Civilian soldiers, and 
civilian direction of the mili- 
tary, are what keep the Army 
responsive to the people." 

LOS ANGELES TIMES, 
AUGUST 30: 

"Frequently before we have 
expressed sharp doubts about 
the all-volunteer idea, about 
its morality no less than its 
practicality, and nothing has 
happened recently to alleviate 
these doubts . . . the services 
are short in numbers and, it 
appears, in talent. Service 
chiefs say the quality of en- 
listees has declined along with 
draft calls . . . We think there 
is serious cause for concern in 
a democracy whenever there 
is a large professional stand- 
ing Army free from the civil- 
ian influence conscription 
provides." 

Robert Kotzbauer in THE 
PHILADELPHIA EVENING 
BULLETIN, AUGUST 31: 

"Whatever historians make of 
the Vietnam War and its ef- 
fects on this nation, the mili- 
tary draft that fed it manpower 
must go down as one of the 
most divisive elements of the 
times." 

ILLINOIS STATE 
JOURNAL, SEPT. 12: 

"In the atmosphere of a cam- 
paign year in which the youth 
vote is regarded as a critical 
factor, it is hard for anyone in 
public life to say a kind word 
about Selective Service. How- 
ever, eagerness to be on the 
side of the angels on the draft 
issue should not lead to false 
hopes — and inherently dan- 
gerous ones that the Selec- 
tive Service System itself can 
be abandoned." 

NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, 
SEPT. 5: 

"Easing of draft pressures al- 
ready is having an adverse ef- 
fect on the Army's back-up 
forces — the National Guard 
and the Army Reserve. Once 



fully manned and with eager 
recruits waiting in line, they 
are now 42,000 men under 
their combined authorized 
strength of 660,000 men . . . 

"We hope President Nixon 
will not let his enthusiasm for 
a volunteer force — an ardor 
that is personal as well as po- 
litical—stand in the way of a 
hard-headed evaluation of 
practicalities when a decision 
on the draft has to be made. 

"In fact, we'd like to see him 
take a second look at the whole 
all-volunteer concept which, 
realities aside, strikes us as an 
idea of dubious merit." 

THE BALTIMORE 
EVENING SUN, 
AUGUST 29: 

"On balance, it is a goal to- 
ward which Congress as well 
as the President should push. " 

THE TIMES RECORD, 
TROY, N.Y., AUGUST 30: 

"President Nixon has properly 
assessed the temper of the 
American people in agreeing 
to seek an end to the draft by 
July, 1973 . . . 

"The military draft system 
has never been equitable. It 
seems impossible to make it 
so in peacetime or in war. De- 
spite the many misgivings, 
and the inevitable charge the 
President seeks political ad- 
vantage in suggesting it now, 
this may be the time to test the 
concept of an all-volunteer 
service." 

THE DAILY JOURNAL, 
ELIZABETH, N.J., 
AUGUST 30: 

". . . Filling the ranks of the 
2.3 million volunteer Army, 
Navy, Marines and Air Force 
will take more than money. It 
will require new respect for 
the military forces in this 
country. And without the draft 
the chances of persuading 
enough young men into the 
Reserves and Guard are pretty 
slim." 



THE PHILADELPHIA 
EVENING BULLETIN, 
AUGUST 31: 

"Aside from expense and feas- 
ibility, the chief arguments of 
those who oppose the all-vol- 
unteer concept have been that 
it would draw inequitably on 
the poor and the black, and 
that it might promote "Prus- 
sianism" in the military. 

"Yet, the draft itself has 
been proved inequitable . . . 
And, any danger of military 
adventurism within the armed 
services resides not with the 
rank and file, be they drafted 
or enlisted, but with the officer 
corps which is already made 
up of volunteers." 

THE MONTGOMERY, 
ALABAMA ADVERTISER, 
AUGUST 30: 

"Mississippi Sen. John C. 
Stennis sums up the whole 
idea as a 'flight from reality' 
and says his private poll of ac- 
tive duty servicemen shows 
At least 95 percent said try- 
ing to maintain a combat- 
ready army without a draft 
was a pure joke.' 

"There are a lot of 'ifs' in 
President Nixon's dream of an 
all volunteer military force. It 
is a dream that most Ameri- 
cans want. But it is reality that 
we must face." 

POPE COUNTY TRIBUNE, 
GLENWOOD, MINNESOTA 
SEPT. 7: 

"Frankly, we don't think an 
all-volunteer army, navy and 
air force will be nearly as suc- 
cessful as Selective Service. 
Military life and a "country 
club" existence are not com- 
patible and when they do be- 
come compatible, the armed 
forces and this nation are in 
serious trouble." 

"We could wind up with 
the most costly and least effi- 
cient military force in our na- 
tion's history after next July. 
Abolishing the draft makes 
good reading in a political 
year, but we don't think it's 
realistic, and we dread the 
possible ramifications in the 
future." 



ACTING DIRECTOR CLARIFIES DRAFT SITUATION IN LETTER TO REGISTRAR 



Due to uncertainty generated 
among many registrants and 
oilier concerned citizens by 
President Nixon's August 28 
announcement that the draft 
would end July, 1973, Acting 
Director Byron Pepitone sent 
out an identical letter to all 
State Directors September 6 
telling them to distribute 
form letters -shipped out 
from National to State Head- 
quarters the week of Septem- 
ber 11— to members of both 
the 1973 First Priority Selec- 
tion Group (FPSG) with RSN's 
1-100 and the 1972 FPSG with 
RSN's 96-200. 

The main purpose of these 
two form letters is both to 
clarify the status of registrants 
who may be unclear as to their 
vulnerability and to predict 
their likelihood of being 



drafted between now and July 
1, 1973. 

The first letter, aimed at 
1973 FPSG registrants, RSN 
1-100, informs them that all of 
the 1973 FPSG group with lot- 
tery numbers 1-75 will soon 
be ordered to pre-induction 
physicals and although it is 
not known yet whether there 
will be inductions during the 
first six months of 1973, there 
is every likelihood that the 
Army will require some draft- 
ees—necessitating induction 
for some men in the 1-75 
group. 

If inductions beyond July 1, 
1973 are not required, the let- 
ter continues, men with RSN's 
76 or above will not be called. 
However, the letter adds, 
though there is a strong prob- 
ability that they will not be 



called, men with RSN's 76- 
100 should remember that un- 
foreseen factors might neces- 
sitate the continuation of the 
draft past July 1, and, accord- 
ingly, there is a possibility 
they will be called. 

In conclusion, the letter 
states that barring an unex- 
pected change in military 
manpower needs, none above 
RSN 100 face any probability 
of induction during 1973. 

The second letter, sent to 
1972 FPSG registrants, RSN 
96-200, communicates that 95 
will be the highest number 
called this year, and since 
their lottery number is above 
95, they will not be called for 
induction in 1972. Unless 
there is a major mobilization 
in future years, the letter con- 
tinues, they will no longer be 



eligible for induction. 

Elaborating on this, the lei 
ter tells the registrants hov 
they will be placed one run 
lower on the ladder of dral 
vulnerability each succeed 
ing year after 1972, until thei 
liability for induction ends oi 
their 26th birthday, or, if the; 
have been deferred, until thei 
35th birthday. 

In this letter to State Direc 
tors, Acting Director Pepitoni 
instructed that first mailim 
priority be given to Lette; 
Number 1 (as sent to 197< 
FPSG, RSN 1-75J; second pri 
ority also be given to Lette] 
Number 1 (but as sent to 197c 
FPSG, RSN 76-100); and third 
priority be given to Lettei 
Number 2 (as sent to 1972 
FPSG, RSN 96-200J. 




CALIFORNIA YOUTH ACTIVITY COMMITTEE MEMBERS CONFERRED WITH PRESIDENT NIXON AUGUST 28 IN CONJUNCTION WITH 
HIS ANNOUNCEMENT PREDICTING THE END OF THE DRAFT. IN THE HALF-HOUR MEETING AT THE SAN CLEMENTE WHITE HOUSE, 
THE YACS ADVISED MR. NIXON THAT YOUTHFUL SKEPTICISM OF THE VOLUNTEER ARMY IDEA MUST BE OVERCOME BY A COM- 
PREHENSIVE AND EXTENSIVE INFORMATIONAL PROGRAM. PICTURED, FROM LEFT: MR. CARLOS OGDEN (CALIFORNIA STATE 
DIRECTOR), ALBERTO GONZALES, JAMES STEVENS, KAY WILSON, JONATHAN CONNOR (CHAIRMAN, YACS), PRESIDENT NIXON, 
DEFENSE SECRETARY MELVIN LAIRD, LINDA STORLI, MARK ZIMMERMAN AND HENRY KISSINGER. 



HOLD THE PRESSES! 



SUCCESSFUL AUGUST RECRUITING BUOYS CONFIDENCE IN 
VOLUNTEER ARMY 



August 1972 was one of the 
best recruiting months in 
history. 

The four military services 
chalked up 49,379 enlist- 
ments, surpassing their objec- 
tive of 47,810 enlistments to 
reach the highest recruitment 
total in 2V2 years. By compari- 
son, the average enlistments 
per month during fiscal year 
1972 was 30,893. 

For the Army, August was 
the best recruiting month 
since September, 1969; for the 
Navy, the best since 1966. The 
Marine Corps and Air Force 
signed up the maximum num- 
ber allowable. 

The significant upward 
trend in enlistments in June, 



July and August is expected 
to reach a recruiting climax 
in September — usually one of 
the best sign-up months — 
with 50,000 enlistments 
anticipated. 

What is especially gratify- 
ing is the percentage of true 
volunteers (non-draft moti- 
vated) entering the service: In 
August, 1972, approximately 
80 percent or nearly 40,000 
enlistees were considered to 
be true volunteers; this is a 
44% increase over August, 
1972. 

Women liberators, note! 
1,500 young Ms.' also enlisted 
during August — an increase of 
about 400 overthe same month 
in 1971 and a 30 percent in- 



crease over the FY '72 average 
of 1,125 female enlistments 
per month. 

Contributing to the prodi- 
gious upswing in enlistments 
over the past three months is 
the addition of 6,000 recruit- 
ers over the last 18 months, 
bringing the total number of 
field recruiters to over 14,000. 

Approximately 4,500 re- 
cruiting facilities are now in 
operation (an increase of over 
1 ,000 in a year and a half) , and 
more than one thousand of 
these stations have been ex- 
panded, relocated, or reno- 
vated to provide more uni- 
form coverage of the country 
and make it more convenient 
for the prospective soldier to 



contact the recruiter. 

Other plus factors for the 
recruiting drive are the wider 
variety of attractive options - 
guaranteed in writing — being 
offered young men and 
women by all of the services., 
and the expanded informa- 
tional and advertising pro- 
gram being utilized to inform 
young Americans -about these 
benefits. 

The recruiting momentum; 
of the last several months, 
shifting into high gear in Au- 
gust, is indeed enabling those 
dedicated to the realization 
of an all-volunteer armyl 
to "face the future withj 
confidence." 



D ECOLOGY CORPS CARVES OOT CAMPSITES, TRAILS 
f WASHINGTON 



fides of the Civilian Con- 
ization Corps of the 1930's! 

eteen (at last count) con- 
ntious objectors are cur- 
ly carving, clearing, build- 

and sweating their way 
mgh the state of Washing- 
leaving in their wake 
id new trails, campsites, 
rvation areas and even 
louses. 

hese alternate servicers 
part of the Conservation 

Recreation Corps, an ex- 
mental group co-spon- 
d by the Washington Dept. 
Jatural Resources and the 

Selective Service System, 
eloped from the office of 
Governor of Washington, 
iel Evans, and State Land 
imissioner and Natural 
Qurces Department Head, 
Cole, the group aims 

ecological improvement 
ughout the Pacific coast 
B. Only California has a 
lar alternate service 
;ram. 

he Corps, then ten strong, 
exerted its efforts on 
idbey Island in Puget 
nd, clearing heavy under- 
h, carving out nine camp- 
s and an observation area, 

building — down a cliff- 

-a carefully graded trail 

opened six. miles of de- 
ed state beachland to the 
lie. The Dept. of Natural 
ources wanted to retain as 
h of the natural environ- 



ment as possible, so the CO 
Paul Bunyans weren't al- 
lowed any bulldozers — all 
clearing was done by hand. 

Completing the Whidbey 
project in late July, the corps 
ranks swelled to nineteen and 
split into two groups — making 
basic crews for two new proj- 
ects: one in Washougal and the 
other in Sultan. 

The Washougal project, in 
the southeastern part of the 
state, is being developed in a 
hilly, forest area for the bene- 
fit of bike riders; the CO's, 
eight strong, are cutting out 
bike trails and developing 
overnight campsites. 

Approximately 25 miles 
northeast of Seattle, peaks 
rise six to eight hundred feet 
above the shores of Little 
Greider Lake in Sultan where 
11 Corpsmen are building a 
brand new recreation site at an 
elevation of 3500 feet. At a lo- 
cation accessible only by heli- 
copter or by an hour's hike 
from the end of a trail, these 
exuberant young men are 
clearing and leveling sites for 
small tents, building trails, 
putting in fire circles, and in- 
stalling two "houses of the 
crescent moon." 

The Little Greider Lake un- 
dertaking was recently visited 
by Don Eberly, Program Man- 
ager for Environmental and 
Health Programs for ACTION 
— the new U.S. government 



social action agency incorpo- 
rating VISTA and the Peace 
Corps. Mr. Eberly was judging 
the Little Greider venture as a 
pilot test for a possible "uni- 
versal year of action" — a vol- 




HARD-HAT 1-Ws. AS PART OF THE 
CONSERVATION AND RECREATION 
CORPS, BLAZE THE TRAIL FOR FU- 
TURE GENERATIONS OF NATURE 
LOVERS ON PUGET SOUND'SWHID- 
BEY ISLAND, IN THE STATE OF 
WASHINGTON. THE OUTDOORS- 
MAN FACING THE CAMERA IS R. G. 
"DICK" MARQUARDT, WASHING- 
TON STATE DIRECTOR. 



unteer, service-oriented youth 
program that would have na- 
tionwide applicability. He 
observed: 

"My visit to Little Greider 
Lake was both thrilling and 
enlightening. Although it is a 
new program it appears to be 
already a good model for other 
states. The people weren't 



treated like hired hands, but 
like people who were actually 
interested in the environment. 
There was a healthy relation- 
ship between the supervisor 
and the young men, but no 
dictatorial authority." 

The CO trailblazers will 
spend the rest of their alter- 
nate service time in eco-proj- 
ects like those previously 
mentioned, and while job sat- 
isfaction in this unusual two- 
year stint is not unanimous, 
most appear to find it mean- 
ingful. Says Steve Pettit, 23, 
of Bellevue, Washington: 

"I've always enjoyed work- 
ing in the woods, and this is a 
worthwhile experience for me. 
But a guy would have to want 
to do what we are doing, or 
he'd be miserable." 

Washington Alternate Serv- 
ice Program head, Col. Wil- 
liam Orr, feels "the program 
has already proven tremen- 
dously successful and the men 
are producing at a much 
higher rate than civilian crews. 
They are obviously highly 
motivated." 

Adds State Selective Serv- 
iceDirector KichardMarquardt: 

"This work will be a living 
memorial long after the Viet- 
nam war is ended. I think it's 
great." 



New Data 

Communication 

Handler Program 

100% Successful 



The daytime transmission requirements for the TC-500 Remotes in all Service Cen- 
ters have increased to such an extent that less time is now available during daylight 
hours for the transmission of report data back to all Centers. This increase was caused 
by the addition of payroll and personnel data to the already existing accounting data 
that is being included as required input — via the TC-500 — from the Regional Service 
Centers. 

One such report that must be transmitted back each day is the Accounting Daily 
Audit List (DAL). This transmission takes from IV2 to 2V2 hours, depending on the 
previous day's volume of input. To keep from tying up the remotes during daylight 
hours, the DAL is now being transmitted at night when no one is in attendance at the 
remote. This feature was added in the new TC-DCH (Data Communication Handler) 
program by allowing the operator in the Computer Service Center to send a "special 
signal" down the line to any given remote and turn off (power down) that remote. 

At the close of business each day, the remotes are left "ON," and during the night, 
after the Computer Service Center has processed all input for the day, the DAL is 
sent back and all remotes are turned off by way of the special signal capability. This 
feature allows the Service Centers more daylight time for input of required data. 

The first "live" test was made Monday, September 11, 1972, and was 100% 
successful. 






fi~ 



yfll 



PENNSYLVANIA SELECTIVE SERVICE DIRECTOR ROBERT FORD (R) 
MIGHT BE THINKING, "IT HURTS ME MORE THAN IT DOES YOU," AS HE 
HANDS AN INDUCTION NOTICE TO HIS BROTHER-IN-LAW, GARY WALAK, 
20. of MARYSVILLE, PA. HE WILL REPORT SEPT. 1 1 . SEE COLUMN BELOW. 
(UPI PHOTO) 




A PULCHRITUDINOUS PIXIE FROM GARLAND, WYOMING, MISS BECKY 
LEWIS, 17, GETS THE DOPE ON SELECTIVE SERVICE FROM ACTING DI- 
RECTOR BYRON PEPITONE IN HIS NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS OFFICE! 
BECKY IS THE 1972 DIRECTOR OF GIRLS NATION, A CONVENTION MADE 
UP OF 100 FEMALE REPRESENTATIVES FROM EACH OF OUR 50 STATES 
AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, BROUGHTTOGETHER IN WASHINGTON; 
D. C. BY THE AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY FOR THE EXPRESS PURPOSE 
OF HAVING THEM VISIT GOVERNMENT OFFICES AND LEARN FIRST-HAND 
THE FUNCTION OF OUR AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM. INSERT, BECKY 
TAKES OVER MR. PEPITONE'S DESK. 



Use ol funds for printing of this publication approved by 
the Director ot the Bureau of the Budget, August 7. 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information 
between National Headquarters and other components 
of the Selective Service System as well as the general 
public. However, nothing contained herein may be 
accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions ot the Mili- 
tary Selective Act ol 1967. or any other acts of Congress 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of 
Public Information. National Headquarters, Selective 
Service System 1724 F Street. N.W., Washington, DC. 
20435 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. 
U S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D C. 
20402-pnce 10 cents (single copy) Subscription Price 
$1 00 per year; 25 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



From THE SCRANTONIAN, SCRANTON, PA., 
August 13, 1972: 

NEW VIEW OF DRAFT 

"Everyone feels much better about 
the nation's military draft these 
days." 

The director of Selective Service 
in Pennsylvania, Robert Ford, could 
treat lightly and with good humor 
the calling-up of his brother-in-law. 
Ford, a young man himself at 32, 
hand carried a notice to Gary Walak, 
20, the brother of Ford's wife and a 
student at Millersville College. 

Knowing full well there is cyni- 
cism and a lack of credibility "in the 
system," Ford obviously desired to 
take total advantage of a chance to 
demonstrate that "knowing some- 
body" does not necessarily mean 
that one can "beat the draft". 

The potential draftee himself, in a 
further demonstration that Selective 
Service is not the ogre it used to be, 
received the notice philosophically. 
"Other guys have made it, I guess I 
can put up with it," he said. 

Walak, in fact, may become an en- 
listee instead of a draftee. He's been 
talking to recruiters as have been 
many other young men vulnerable 
to the draft. Nine of 10 men re- 
cently sent draft notices in Lebanon 
enlisted. 

The major reason for easier atti- 
tudes about the draft is that draftees, 
i thanks to U. S. withdrawal, no longer \ 
will be sent to Vietnam, and there I 
also is the prospect, cited by Director / 
Ford, that "there could be an end to / 
the draft by next June." / 



COLLOCATION TRANSFORMS IOWA DRAFT 



Iowa State Director Henry J. Fleischacker 
was in high spirits at National Headquar- 
ters Sept. 22, as he briefed Acting Director 
Byron Pepitone on the success of his 
state's sweeping collocation program. 

Interviewed in depth at National's Pub- 
lic Information Office, Col. Fleishacker 
enthusiastically related how collocation 
has "dramatically improved my span of 
management control" and has given Iowa 
System rank and file "more time to fully 
understand what they're doing and why 
they're doing it." 

(To avoid any possible misunderstand- 
ing, collocation is not consolidation — the 
former takes place when the administra- 
tive sites of two or more draft boards are 
moved to a centralized location, whereas 
consolidation means the actual combina- 
tion of two or more draft boards into one.) 

Before the collocation drive began, Iowa 
was dotted with 99 local board sites, one 
in every county, with many offices open 
only two days a week. Some commuting 
secretaries were serving two boards at 
once. Col. Fleischacker, who joined the 
System in 1962, found this twice-a-week 
scheduling ineffective for two reasons: 
(1) Many secretaries were spending, in 
reality, only one day on nuts and bolts 
work, because the first day was usually 
taken up in answering letters; (2) Many 
people invariably visited the board on the 
day it was closed, and, as a result, were 
inconvenienced and upset with the 
System. 

Because of these and other unpleasant 
factors indigenous to an unwieldy struc- 
ture, Col. Fleischacker began a collocation 
push aimed at reducing Iowa to 22 sites. 
As of Sept. 22, he has restricted his opera- 
tions to 45 sites; and he confidently pre- 
dicts only 35 sites by November 1. 

Under the Iowa Director's plan, not 
more than five boards are allowed to be 
collocated at an administrative site, and 
all collocated boards are open full time, 
from eight to five. When complete collo- 
cation goals are realized, each area super- 
visor, who was formerly responsible for 



up to 25 board sites, will be able to spen 
three or four days a month at each nei 
collocated site. The benefits of this moi 
concentrated attention by area supervisoi 
are verbalized by one Iowa Executiv 
Secretary: 

"Before, we were alone and weren; 
quite sure what the instructions mean 
now we can sit down with the supervise 
and get it straight. Collocation is leadin 
to greater uniformity." 

And another collocation benefit for tB 
local board employees: at many sites, Esi 
ecutive Secretaries will be upgraded on 
or possibly even two paygrades. 

Despite the benefits mentioned above 
collocation was not all transition! 
smooth-sailing for Col. Fleischacker. Less 
ening the ranks of Selective Service phys 
ical plants naturally necessitated sons 
reduction in personnel — 25 to be exaq 
though many of these employees elected 
to retire. There also was resentment to tlj 
changes evidenced by some Iowa employj 
ees. Appreciable flak also was generate! 
by members of assorted Chambers of Com 
merce, who feared losing "a last outpost d 
the Federal Government" and/or the com 
mercial business brought into town b; 
registrants. 

To save young men from a possible lonj 
trek to an administrative site for register: 
ing, the Iowa System has installed uncora 
pensated registrars in the areas vacated bj 
newly collocated boards. Although fin<f 
ing acceptable registrars proved hard wor|] 
and, initially, many registration fornl 
were improperly filled out, Col. Flel 
schacker is quite enthusiastic about thS 
new registrant service. He also hopes tc 
insure that registrars have up-to-date irl 
formation by urging Executive Secretaries 
to visit their registrars and establish closel 
personal and supervisory relationships. II 

Although there have been a few smal 
stumbling blocks, Col. Fleischacker ba 
lieves total collocation success in thi 
Cornhusker state is inevitable, cheerulH 
emphasizing that "there's been not on! 
complaint from registrants." 



?u. S. Government Printing Office: 19 72-784-158/4 Region} 1 



WASHINGTON, D.C. NOVEMBER 1972 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



lit ion a I Committee Aims for Uniformity by Simplifying Forms 



a System field employee 
driven up the wall by obscure 
onfusing forms, you will be 
ned to know that you have 
icerned friend at National 
juarters: the Forms Manage- 
Committee. 

ting Director Byron Pepitone, 
ant of and personally inter- 
in the problems revolving 
System forms, has instructed 
aff to do everything possible 
orrect this situation; addi- 
ly, he gave impetus to a 
is Management Committee, 
ished April 1 1 , which reports 
to him and aims to simplify 
liminate errors from the forms 
buted to employees through- 
he System. It also seeks to 
duplication of information 
o the field. 

ie Committee, which usually 
once a week, is comprised of 
nal Headquarters represen- 
s from General Counsel, the 
Information Office, Opera- 
Division, Plans and Analysis, 
)ata Processing Center, Train- 
nd the Administrative Services 
on. In a brass tacks sense, the 
mi t tee reviews all Division 
sts for new, revised, or dis- 
nued forms actions for Selec- 
Service, although it does not 
nvolved in procurement, dis- 
tion or supply. As Forms Corn- 
Recorder Thomas Williams 
We are interested only in 
tance, procedures and pro- 
s." 

the Forms people disapprove a 
osal, the originator is informed 
iting. which sets forth reasons 
the disapprobation. At this 
t, the originator does have a re- 
se in that he may submit the 
ted proposal to the Director 
inal determination. 
the form is approved, it is pre- 
ed to the Director, who 
utes "order prescribing forms". 
that's done, it's authorized 
lse in the System, and after a 
more minor administrative 
Is, the form is printed and dis- 
ted to the field, 
wo concrete examples of the 



DOCUMENTS 

JAN 22 1973 

SAN FRANCISCO 
JBLIC LIBRARY 




work done by the Forms Manage- 
ment Committee: 

(1) A proposal from Operations 
Division to incorporate the Regis- 
tration Certificate (Form 2) and the 
Notice of Classification (Form 110) 
is being effected, the combined 
product tentatively called the 
Status Card (Form 7). 

(2) Some information was re- 
moved from SSS Form 220 
(Record of Results of Armed 
Forces Examination) to simplify it 
for processing at the Computer 
Service Center. 

Underlying the Committee's 
more visible attempts to clear the 
air formwise, is the basic presup- 



position that everyone in the 
System should be doing the same 
thing— in short, uniformity should 
reign in place of a confusing di- 
vergence of forms. 

Eventually, the Committee will 
address itself to State Headquarters 
forms; already their tightening up 
of forms processes has eliminated 
the requirements for many State 
forms. 

All System members are urged 
to direct any suggestions or recom- 
mendations in the area of forms im- 
provement to the Chairman of the 
Forms Management Committee, 
LTC William Kemp, Administrative 
Services, at National Headquarters. 



8,382 Join Reserves Under 
New Draft Regulations 



To help stimulate recruiting in our 
Reserve and National Guard 
forces— 40,000 below strength in 
June— and to give registrants a 
wider choice of service options, 
Selective Service, after agreement 
with the Secretary of Defense, 
issued a new regulation, effective 
July 1, 1972, which allows regis- 
trants to enlist or be appointed in 
the National Guard and Reserves 
after receipt of their induction 
orders, up to 10 days prior to their 
induction date. 

Here are the latest July through 



September figures both for the num- 
ber of registrants who enlisted in the 
National Guard and Reserves after 
receiving their induction orders and 
for those who did not enlist but 
submitted to regular induction: 





ENLIST- 


ACTUAL 




MENTS 


INDUC- 
TIONS 


July 1972 


1395 


6264 


August 






1972 


4607 


9050 


September 






1972 


2380 


5254 



Alternate Service 
Program Getting It 
Together 

Alternate Service Program Manager 
John Barber has been working hard 
with State Directors during 1972 to 
make the 1-W program a success, 
and he feels that August and Sep- 
tember job placement figures point 
to a very successful year. Nation- 
wide, from May through Septem- 
ber, Selective Service has assigned 
3,059 men to jobs from the 1972 
First Priority Selection Group. As 
of September 30, there were 
11,059 1-W's in the United States. 

"More men (490) were put into 
1-W in September than in any 
month of the last year," relates Mr. 
Barber, who also indicates that as 
of September 29, California and 
Illinois, respectively the first and 
third states in size of workload, had 
no backlog of registrants whose 60 
day job-search period had expired. 
(75% of the 1-0's are in the 1 5 larg- 
est states.) 

"Sure, there are uncooperative 
1-0's who won't go job searching or 
even report for interviews," says 
Barber, "but they are only a small 
percentage. (With these registrants 
we usually end up in an open-end 
commitment from hirers who will 
take them without a look, even 
though we do not like to foist un- 
cooperatives onto employers we 
have had good relations with.) The 
only way for the program to suc- 
ceed is for the state director's staffs 
to make personal calls on prospec- 
tive employers. No employers are 
going to bust down the doors at 
state headquarters— it will take 
some real salesmanship from people 
in our System." 

The responsibility for 1-0 place- 
ment shifted from local boards to 
state directors under the new draft 
regs, but Mr. Barber feels that no 
problems have resulted from this 
shiftover; in fact, he feels that CO's 
get more service and better control 
from state directors, who, from 
their higher vantage point, naturally 
continued on page 4 



From the Acting Director 

System Moves Slowly Ahead with Collocation 



It appears that Dr. Curtis Tarr.'s 
plan for the collocation of local 
board sites, halted in early 1971 
pending the 1971 amendment to 
the Military Selective Service Act, is 
being slowly realized. 

As you may recall, the former 
Director of Selective Service 
became convinced in 1970 that col- 
location would bring needed im- 
provements to the System, reason- 
ing that centralization of local 
board sites would make possible in- 
creased supervision, thereby im- 
proving the uniformity of decisions, 
the treatment of registrants, and 
the System's ability to defend itself 
in the courts. Dr. Tarr also believed 
that collocation would provide 
better service to the registrants, 
save money for taxpayers, keep all 
board sites open for full eight-hour 
days, facilitate rapid expansion in 



the event of mobilization, and pro- 
vide the System with an adminis- 
trative organization flexible enough 
to maintain contact with local 
boards during a standby draft. 

Plans for the practical imple- 
mentation of a national collocation 
plan announced in January 1971 
were halted, however, when on 
March 31, 1971, the House of 
Representatives voted to prohibit 
the national collocation plan, but 
allowing collocation on a case-by- 
case basis when approved by the 
State Governor or comparable 
executive official. This requirement 
to secure the approval of the State 
Governor or comparable executive 
became a part of Section 10(b) (3) 
of the Military Selective Service 
Act. 

Since then, an increasing number 
of governors have been amenable to 



specific individual collocation 
recommendations from their State 
Headquarters. From February 1971 
to October 4, 1972, the number of 
local board sites has been reduced 
from 3,168 to 2,858-a total reduc- 
tion of 310 locations. 

Barring unforeseen circum- 
stances, local board site contraction 
will continue in the future. As of 
October fourth, we have on file 
authorized or pending requests for 
moves which, when completed, will 
further reduce the System by 244 
sites— leaving us with only 2,615 
locations. 

It should be clear from these 
figures that our System is diligently 
and conscientiously following both 
the dictates of Congress and a con- 
tinuing commitment to further re- 
duce the number of local board 
sites. I want to reaffirm my present 



W\ 




and future support for this essei 
movement, and I am sure 
members of our System family i 
ize that by maximizing Selec 
Service effectiveness, collocatio 
working in their best interests. 
Byron V. Pepit 



Reports Control Program Getting off the Ground 



The August issue of Selective 
Service News ran a picture of Mr. 
Clarence E. Boston, Reports and 
Documents Control Officer at 
National Headquarters, along with a 
caption describing Mr. Boston'sjob 
as that of creating and supervising a 
reports control program that will 
prevent National Headquarters per- 
sonnel from bombarding State 
Headquarters with superfluous 
requests for reports, many of which 
merely duplicate each other. 

In realtiy, though, that descrip- 
tion is just the visible tip of the 
Reports Control iceberg. Looking 
at the big picture, Mr. Boston 
predicts: 

"Our eventual goal is to provide 
necessary information on all reports 
to their preparing agencies and 
users within the System. The Pro- 
gram will furnish meaningful sus- 
pense -dates for submission of 
reports and data, and elicit better 
publicity for the contents of each 
report." 

After three months of "sweat 
shop, pick and shovel" work getting 
the program off the ground, Mr. 
Boston is optimistic and feels he 
has established a base on which to 
work: 

"I've had splendid cooperation 
from National Headquarters and 
the Computer Center people are 
constantly referring things to me. 



To date, the various offices and 
divisions of National Headquarters 
have identified 96 interagency re- 
ports and 83 internal reports, exclu- 
sive of any forms which may be 
reports." 

From this collected information, 
Mr. Boston has compiled a refer- 
ence document for recurring re- 
ports which now provides: (1) An 
index to approved System reports, 
(2) the office, division, or branch 
responsible for each report, (3) the 
directive(s) requiring each report, 
(4) a reports control symbol (arbi- 
trary) for each report, (5) the fre- 
quency of each report, (6) identifi- 
cation of the forms used for re- 
ports, and (7) a listing of the identi- 
fied users of printout reports. 

In connection with each report 
requested, the preparing agency 
must fill out an Application for 
Approval of Report, from which 
Mr. Boston will judge if there is any 
duplication in requests from differ- 
ent units, if data is available from 
another source, and whether or not 
the report is really needed. Any 
new report request must be approv- 
ed by Mr. Boston, although a rejec- 
tion can be appealed to Mr. John 
Dewhurst, Assistant Deputy Direc- 
tor of Administration. 

Noting that he sees very few 
frivolous report requests, Mr. 
Boston cites the main problem as 
being the proverbial left hand not 



knowing what the right hand is 
doing: 

"The worst thing I've noticed so 
far is the lack of coordination with 
what is already available. Suppose 
somebody wants a report on union 
recognition in Selective Service; I 
tell them there's no need, because 
Personnel Policies and Programs has 
already done this." 

As Automated Accounting and 
Payroll and the Registrant Infor- 
mation Bank swing into action and 
as Manpower Administration gears 
up its programs, Mr. Boston anti- 
cipates that much of his work will 
lie in staving off oddball requests 
for information from Computer 
Center people: 

"Computer workers will not 
waste their valuable time finding 
out the number of left-handed 
registrants in Kansas. If this kind of 
information is requested, what I 
call 'out of cycle,' the requester 
must go through me, and I will 
notify him when that report is com- 
ing out. If his request is not covered 
by a report, justification for such a 
report will be required." 

While Mr. Boston realizes the 
responsibilities entailed in being Re- 
ports Control Officer will probably 
not make him the most popular em- 
ployee in the System, he feels his 
program is absolutely necessary in 
flushing out the clogged arteries of 
Selective Service communication. 



"The Bible 
Works 
Both Ways 
Kid!" 
Departmer 



The READERS DIGEST tells 1 
story of a young Mormon who J 
after completing a two-year miss: 
for his church, received a di 
notice during the Korean War. H 
ing just married, he sent a nc« 
the draft board referring 
members to Deuteronomy 24:51 

"When a man hath taken a 1 
wife, he shall not go out to w 
neither shall he be charged with! 
business: but he shall be freJ 
home one year, and shall cheer 
his wife which he hath taken.' 

The draft board apparej 
boasted a biblical scholar too, 
the draftee shortly received 1! 
reply: 

"I am a man under authorr 
having soldiers under me; and If 
to this man, Go, and he goeth;! 
to another, Come, and he cornel 
and to my servant, Do this, and 
doeth it. -Matthew 8:9. 



serves, National Guard Take Over New Hampshire State Headquarters 



«id 1 PM on Sept. 29, 1972, 
ol. Chellis Call, New Hamp- 
State Director, answered his 
e and was treated to an 
tic protest by an "interested 
i" from the Dover, N.H. area, 
iemanded that the Dover to 
, N.Y. collocation be stop- 
The caller pleaded that the 
area should not be left with- 
ocal board installation. 

ordinary type of problem 
ommon to many state head- 
:rs, you say? Sure, except for 
ict that Lt. Col. Call is not 
Hampshire's State Director 
the agitated caller, Mrs. 
rie Johnson, Executive Secre- 
f Local Board No. 3 in Keene, 
did not really care whether 
over board was collocated to 

or even to Outer Mongolia. 

r Mrs. Johnson's complaints 

well-scripted beforehand as 
f the Command Post Exercise 
conducted by N.H. State 
juarters September 29 and 30, 
ich four National Guard and 

Reserve officers (both Selec- 
Service Units) invaded state 
uarters and two local boards 
icord and Manchester, N.H. in 
to simulate a takeover of the 
draft system. All the National 
ers and four Reservists moved 

the Concord State Head- 
ters, while the other four 
vists spread out among the 
oards. 
r one day, the 29th, these 

units filled in for regular 
m personnel in slots ranging 
State Director to Area Substi- 
Clerk. The normal staffers 
n't take a holiday though; 
; as "umpires," they observed 
;gree of efficiency displayed by 

temporary replacements in 
ing the System running 
thfy. 

ie second part of this CPX, a 
uing session on the 30th, in- 
d these umpires airing their 
vations on the quality of the 
:rs' work and rating them satis- 
fy or unsatisfactory. 

order to insure that the 
orary state office staff would 
ibjected to a typical difficult 
executive secretaries through- 
he Granite State were supplied 
ehand with hypothetical prob- 
iituations to call in and chal- 

the state headquarters substi- 

with. Some of these ladies 



gave their correct names, some did 
not. The National Guarders, 
naturally, were not aware of this 
fakery. 

In addition to these phony tele- 
phone inquiries, and some unstaged 
real ones, the National Guard parti- 
cipants (and the Reservists at State 
headquarters and local boards) had 
to perform a list of rigorous assign- 
ments pertaining to the full-time 
duties of their assumed positions, 
with their performances judged and 
scored by the umpires. 

Naturally, New Hampshire's un- 
usual training exercise did not 
spring fullblown from nowhere; it 
evolved in logical progression from 
State Director F.B. McSwiney's 
realization late in 1971 that recent 
changes in System laws and regu- 
lations necessitated National Guard 
and Reserve Selective Service units 
becoming more involved in System 
operation as it neared and entered a 
standby status. As Lt. Joseph 
Lacroix, State Headquarters Train 1 
ing Officer, says: "Because we're 
going into a standby draft, the effi- 
ciency of our attached Reserve and 
National Guard units is of utmost 
importance. If suddenly there is a 
national emergency and we go into 
heavy induction, we would have to 
go from our present seven to 
20-plus locations." 

Acting on the realization that 
the integration of Selective Service 
and its attached Guard and Reserve 
units was becoming increasingly 
necessary, both of the units began 
drilling together, and a member of 
the state headquarters staff started 
coming to all their meetings. These 
training sessions began to resemble 
a classroom wherein took place 
many practical exercises involving 
new regulations. 

During the late spring of 1972, it 
was decided that both units would 
undergo a CPX to determine their 
efficiency, and almost all training 
from then on was geared to accom- 
plishing satisfactory CPX results. 
Each unit member was provided 
with the most current training 
manual and with other operational 
literature on a daily basis. 

Two drills, prior to the CPX, 
position assignments and their 
attendant job descriptions were 
given to each unit member along 
with a list of references in the 
Registrant Processing Manual, Local 
Board Fiscal Manual, Federal Per- 
sonnel Manual and Personnel 




Mrs. Eleanor Wood, area substitute clerk, looks over the shoulder of Reserve 
Captain Jesse Trow as he instructs a registrant inside local board No. 7 in 
Concord, New Hampshire. Cpt. Trow replaced Mrs. Wood during the Reserve and 
National Guard "Take-Over" of the N. H. Selective Service System. 



Manual with which he has to be- 
come familiar. 

In the drill just before the CPX, 
unit members were given the oppor- 
tunity to ask questions of state 
headquarters staff people concern- 
ing their individual assignments, 
and were allowed to practice on 
equipment they would be using 
during the exercise. 

Major General McSwiney feels 
the CPX went off better than ex- 
pected, and in the critique and eval- 
uation session the day after, each 



participant received a satisfactory 
score from his umpire. 

All unit members involved felt 
that the CPX was most valuable in 
that it added realism to their train- 
ing mission. This feeling was suc- 
cinctly put by Reserve Captain 
Jesse Trow of Concord, who filled 
in the slot of Area Substitute Clerk: 

"You can read all the books you 
want to, but until you sit down and 
actually take a registrant through 
registration, you don't know what's 
going on." 



1972 A Banner Year for Air Force Promotions 



The Department of the Air Force 
recently notified Selective Service 
that in 1972 one officer had been 
selected for promotion to full 
Colonel and ten had been picked 
for Lt. Colonel. 

This report is extremely encour- 
aging, considering that Air Force 
officer promotions within the 
System from 1967-71 numbered 
only two— both to Lt. Colonel. 

Those picked for promotion: 

To Colonel: 

SOSCIA, Louis J. 

New York City Hdqtrs. 
To Lt. Colonel: 

CARLSON, Henry A. 

California State Hdqtrs. 
CORMAN, Nathan H., Jr. 

Virginia State Hdqtrs. 
DAVIS, Irving C. 

Connecticut State Hdqtrs. 
HAYWARD, Douglas B. 



Utah State Hdqtrs. 
KENYON, Forrest L. 

National Hdqtrs. 
LARSON, Elmer J. 

Iowa State Hdqtrs. 
MADSEN, Albert A. 

California State Hdqtrs. 
TORBET, Robert P. 

Region VIII 
WALKER, Albert H. 

California State Hdqtrs. 
WALLER, Harvey F., Jr. 

North Carolina State Hdqtrs. 

As regards the Army, substantial 
increases in promotions have shown 
up in the last three years, as com- 
pared to the 1967-69 period. Forty- 
seven have reached full Colonel and 
34 have moved into Lt. Col. status 
in the 1970-72 period, as compared 
to only eleven full Colonels and 
eight Lt. Col. promotions in the 
1967-69 time frame. 



California Ecology Corps 
Comes into Its Own 



"After one year of operation, 
the California Ecology Corps now 
finds itself in the healthiest condi- 
tion that it has been in since its in- 
ception," claims a California State 
Headquarters publication in des- 
cribing the organization authorized 
by an April 27, 1971 executive 
order of Governor Ronald Reagan 
to perform conservation and eco- 
logy-type work for 'the state and 
provide "meaningful alternate 
service work for conscientious 
objectors." (see Selective Service 
News, March 1 972) 

The September 1972 issue of 
Selective News relates how the 
Ecology Corps, now 300 strong, 
found the going rather rocky in its 
first year of existence, but has now 
hit its stride. 

All of the five ecology centers 
are now filled to capacity, and two 
new centers are being opened, one 
near San Luis Obispo and the other 
near Klamath; it is anticipated that 
others will be opened when needed. 
Washington is the only other state 
with a similar CO ecology organi- 
zation (see Selective Service News, 
October 1972). 

The intrepid CO's of the 
Ecology Corps, according to the 
Selective News, have fought practi- 
cally every major fire in California 
this year and, in addition helped 
save the community of Isleton after 
the Sacramento-San Joaquin River 
levee broke. In the latter emer- 
gency, the Corpsmen were given the 
task of filling the sandbags to be 
used in building a levee around the 
town. Where it would have taken 
most work crews an estimated two 
days to fill the needed sandbags, 
the California 1-W's packed the 
bags in only two hours and by day's 
end had constructed the whole 
levee. 

In addition to these emergency 
duties, the Ecology Corpsmen have 
fielded a mobile and fully equipped 
mountain rescue team operating: 
out of the Calaveras Ecology Center 
and serving the whole state. The 
team has already performed numer- 
ous rescues involving climbers and 
hikers who have been trapped or 
injured. 

As mentioned earlier, the 
Ecology Corps faced some tough 
obstacles in its germinal stage: The 
date on which the Corps was 




California Ecology Corpsmen fight fire 
near San Luis Obispo. 

launched, July 1, 1971, unfortu- 
nately coincided with the expi- 
ration of President Nixon's authori- 
ty to induct. Therefore, it was 
almost six months before the induc- 
tion authority was restored and 
new regulations were written allow- 
ing the assignment of CO's to the 
Ecology Corps. On top of this, the 
Corps met a great deal of opposi- 
tion throughout the country from 
draft counselling and resistance 
groups, who felt the ecology 
center's group orientation and 
dormitory-type living conditions 
too closely resembled a military 
atmosphere and were reminiscent 
of old World War II CO confine- 
ment camps. But the Corps diligent- 
ly surmounted these bottlenecks 
and survived, and it's a good bet 
that many California citizens like 
those in Isleton are mighty grateful 
it did. 



The Draft Has Nothii 
To Do with Slavery 



Alternate Service 

continued from page 1 

get a better perspective on job 

opportunities in their own and 

other states, and have more staff 

and time available to make contact 

with prospective hirers. 

"Local boards," Barber com- 
ments, "just did not have time to 
address themselves to the needs of 
1-0's; they never were geared up to 
handle the problem of employer 
contacts and putting men into jobs. 
Their activity was mainly a letter-' 
writing effort that attempted to 
convince registrants to do some- 
thing." 

Loolcing into the future of the 
alternate service program, Mr. 
Barber sees his main thrusts as mak- 
ing the treatment of 1-A's and 1-0's 
perfectly equitable and placing into 
an appropriate job every reached 
1-0 registrant. 



The following is excerpted from 
Ben Maidenburg's column in the 
October 8 edition of the Akron 
Ohio Beacon Journal: 

"Recently the Beacon Journal 
published an editorial in which it 
pondered whether the U.S. should 
do away with the military draft. 
Subsequently a letter to the editor 
proclaimed: "Draft? Conscription? 
National Service? Let's dispense 
with the euphemisms and call it 
what it is— involuntary servitude, 
slavery." 

No one has invited me, but I'd 
like to stick my nose into the dis- 
cussion. 

Largely because of the Vietnam 
war and the attendant burnings and 
bombings and marchings, the 
"body" of the military draft has 
been laid out on the doctor's table 
and in a rather hysterical diagnosis 
many have pronounced a verdict of 
"diseased beyond hope." 

How much of this verdict came 
about because the critics really felt 
it was so, and how much was in 
deference to thousands of deserters, 
I don't know. But my judgment is 
that the votes of the deserters and 
their sympathizers, old and young, 
were overwhelming in the final poli- 
tical analysis. 

After all, no one really wants to 
be stamped a coward— which is a 
euphemism for deserter. So we con- 
jure up this formula; the war is 
wrong, thus the use of soldiers is 
wrong and thus the draft is wrong. 
This may not be a very objective 
piece of mathematics, but there 
you are. 

By now you may have deduced 
that I quite disagree with the poli- 
ticians who are promising an end to 
the draft. 

Before I get to that topic direct- 
ly, permit me the comment that, of 
late, there have been too many tak- 
ing the attitude that giving of our- 
selves to the nation in any way, ex- 
cept where it suits one's personal 
and private notion, is servitude or 



slavery. Or worse. 

(Isn't it fascinating that 
where you aren't permitted 
a short walk without a police 
mit frequently are admired b; 
same who sniff and snort at 
relative liberties?) 

Too many are taking the n 
crude philosophy that "If I < 
like campus military training 
burn down the ROTC building 
don't like the draft, I'll pu< 
match to the draft records, 
don't agree with Law X or La 
I'll signify the same by bio win 
the rest rooms in the nation's < 
tol." 

And now we come to the 
versal military draft. Our lette 
the editor writer argued that "i 
no individual has the right to ] 
tice slavery, no group of indivic 
calling themselves 'the public 
'society' or 'Congress' can ace 
that right." 

The letter writer said that " 
ery is the use of force or coer 
to compel one man to give 
products of his efforts, abilities 
action to another. This includes 
ultimate action— the risking of lj 

Well, this holds about as sj 
water as the historic sieve. 

Let's carry this argument 
other areas. For example: Taxat 
If the State Legislature or the ( 
gress decrees a larger bite of my 
check, isn't that compulsion to 
the products of my efforts 
abilities and actions to another? 

And isn't that, then, slavery, 
the letter writer's definition 
could go on with hundreds 
examples of this sort. 

My point is that if the draf 
slavery, then so is EVERY ol 
piece of legislation. 

The letter writer says, "El 
man has the sovereign right to 
own life or he does not— there is| 
middle ground ,. . ." 

I'd like to see that tried. The (| 
result would be complete anarC 
nothing less." 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by the Director of the 
Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information between National Head- 
quarters and other components of the Selective Service System as veil as the 
general public. However, nothing contained herein may be accepted as mod- 
ifying or enlarging provisions of the Military Selective Act of 1967, br any 
other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of Public Information! 
National Headquarters, Selective Service System 1724 F Street, N.W., Wash- 
ington, D.C. 20402-price 10 cents (single copy). Subscription Price: $1.00 
per year; 25 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



*U.S. Government Printing Office: 1972-784-159/5 Regli 



Selective Service MEWS 



System Personnel Revise Registration Procedures 



Local board and state head- 
quarters forces throughout the 
nation have joined with the 
iNational Headquarters staff in 
redesigning registration forms and 
Iprocedures scheduled for intro- 
duction in January 1973. The 
goal of these revisions is reduc- 
tion of work for local board 
Klerks in processing new regis- 
trants. The changes include: 
| - Elimination of the Registration 

Questionnaire (SSS Form 100) 

- Revision of the Registration 
Card (SSS Form 1 ) 

I - Combination of the Registra- 
tion Certificate (SSS Form 2) 
with the Notice of Classifi- 
cation (SSS Form 110) to 
create a new form: the Status 
Card (SSS Form 7) 

- Revision of the Registrant 
File Folder (SSS Form 101) 

- Preparation of the SS Form 
101, but only for those regis- 
trants about whom the local 
board receives written infor- 
mation or whose RSN's are 
below the Administrative Pro- 
cessing Number (APN) estab- 
lished for their year of vul- 
nerability. 

- Revision of the Current Info- 
rmation Questionnaire (SSS 
Form 127) 

In planning such far-reaching 
changes, it was decided to make 
full use of not only the expertise 
available among the National 
Headquarters staff, but also of 
the know-how present at all levels 
of the System. As a result of this 
decision, local board and state 
headquarters people contributed 
to the project in four major 
ways. 

First, they offered their ideas. 
Not only did these ideas identify 
problem areas in need of change, 
they also provided innovative 



solutions to problems inherent in 
registration processing. Second, 
these individuals helped in the 
actual design of the revised 
forms. For instance, a Kentucky 
local board executive secretary 
designed the new Registrant File 
Folder (SSS Form 101), while a 
former Ohio local board clerk 
now on the National Head- 
quarters staff helped with the 
design of the other forms. Third, 
numerous local board clerks, 
executive secretaries, area super- 
visors and state headquarters em- 
ployees reviewed the initial lay- 



outs of the revised forms, offer- 
ing their evaluations of the 
designs and their suggestions for 
further improvements. Fourth, 
local boards in California, Illinois, 
Michigan and Kiorth ' Carolina 
tested several of the new pro- 
cedures to determine whether 
they would work and whether 
modifications were 1 " needed before 
they were introduced nationwide. 
Much has been accomplished 
through this united effort. Poten- 
tial problems with the forms and 
Continued on page 4 



Illinois Deputy State Director Picked 
for Infantry Officer Hall of Fame 



A new portrait hangs in the 
Infantry Officer Candidate School 
Hall of Fame at Ft. Benning, 
Georgia— that of Colonel George 
A. Stewart, Deputy State Director 
of Illinois. Col. Stewart was in- 
ducted into the Infantry Hall of 
Fame on Oct. 20, 1972, joining 
61 1 other Officers Candidate 
School Graduates who have re- 
ceived this honor. 

A native of Tennessee, Col. 
Stewart was commissioned a 
Second Lieutenant on Oct. 26, 
1943, and served as an infantry 
officer with the 30th Infantry 
Division throughout five major 
campaigns in Europe. He was 
awarded the Bronze Star medal 
with one oak leaf cluster, the 
Purple Heart with one oak leaf 
cluster, the Combat Infantrymans 
Badge, the European Theatre of 
Operations (ETO) medal with five 
campaign stars, and the Presiden- 
tial Unit Citation. 

After World War 2, Col. 
Stewart graduated from John 
Marshall Law School and received 



an LLB degree. He has been 
assigned to Illinois State Head- 
quarters since November 1954. 

Col. Stewart has a wife and 
two sons, and is planning to 
retire on March 31, 1973. 



W 29 <d 




"Aids" to Insure 
System of Prompt and 
Correct Paychecks 

During the past few months 
Manpower Administration and 
Computer Service Center forces 
have been working together to 
develop an Address Information 
and Directory System (AIDS) 
that will insure Selective Service 
paychecks are sent on time, 
drawn in the correct amount and 
delivered to the right place. 

The heart of AIDS is AP 
Form 901 (Change of Address or 
Status)— already in effect— which 
is designed to eliminate the 
former haphazard method of 
using letters and memos to notify 
the System of changes in infor- 
mational records. 

Form 901, distributed through- 
out the System and obtainable 
from state headquarters and ser- 
vice centers, will provide the 
fully-automated AIDS with an 
up-to-date timekeeper and local 
board directory, uncompensated 
and compensated address lists and 
Reserve officers information bank. 
The AIDS listing will soon be 
expanded to include thousands 
outside the System who receive 
public information materials, and 
when completed, will boast over 
70,000 addressees. 

The new procedure is simple: 
The back of Form 901 contains 
all the instructions needed to fill 
in the information required to 
report a change, and when com- 
pleted, the form is merely sent 
through state headquarters to the 
nearest service center, where the 
new data is speedily relayed to 
the Computer Service Center in 
Washington. 

The importance of Form 901 

to all compensated employees is 

well-illustrated by the timekeeper 

situation. Time and attendance 

(Continued on page 4) 



System Criminal Cases Up 13.3% In FY 1972 



The number of Selective Ser- 
vice criminal cases filed (indict- 
ments returned) continued its 
upward trend in Fiscal Year (FY) 
1972 (5,142 filings), though at a 
decreased rate, with a 13.3% 
increase over FY 1971 (4,539 
filings) according to the FY 1972 
Annual Report of the Administra- 
tive Office of the U.S. Courts. 
While the 1972 figure represents 



a twentyfold increase over the 
251 criminal filings in FY 1961, 
it falls short of the 22% increase 
for the same offense recorded in 
1971— indicating a leveling off of 
draft offenses as induction calls 
dwindle. Draft cases constituted 
10.9% of all criminal cases filed 
in U.S. District Courts. 

Of the 4,906 defendants pro- 
secuted in FY 1972, 2,937 were 



dismissed (usually about 80% sub- 
mitted to induction in lieu of 
further prosecution), 327 acquit- 
ted, and 1,642 were convicted 
and sentenced. Of this latter 
number, 458 were imprisoned 
(average sentence: 22 months), 
1,178 were put on probation and 
four were fined. Selective Service 
criminal cases pending (under in- 
dictment) as of June 30, 1972, 



numbered 5,424, a 2.2% increase 
over 1971. 

The Annual Report cited other 
draft statistics showing that 281 
Selective Service civil cases were 
filed in FY 1972-a 59.6% decrease 
from the 695 in FY 1971. Of 
the total 389 civil cases ter- 
minated in FY 1972, only 240 
involved court action, and only 
4.6% ever reached trial. 



0m^ 



4miu-u-»-»+*^ 



*^sd 




JANUARY 

Federal Register publishes proposed 
regulation concerning appearance before 
local and appeal boards, request for 
personal appearance or appeal, pre- 
decision appearance for CO and hardship 
requests, adverse decisions, post- 
induction order reclassification requests, 
registration, leaving the U.S., and ex- 
tended liability. Major proposed changes 
included: (1) the registrant's right to 
appeal an adverse local board decision, 
and (2) a 15-day limit on requests for 
personal appearance or appeal (but 
permitting the local board to grant an 
extension when a registrant demon- 
strates that his failure to respond during 
allotted period was due to circumstances 
beyond his control). 

Press Release 72-2 announces the fourth 
annual draft lottery is scheduled for 
February 2, 1972, to assign random 
sequence numbers to the First Priority 
Selection Group of 1973. 

Defense Secretary Melvin Laird 
announces the Dept. of Defense will not 
levy any manpower calls on Selective 
Service for the first three months of 
1972. 

Special Call No. 46 for doctors and 
osteopaths is terminated. 

FEBRUARY 

The temporary 1-H cutoff number for 
the 1972 FPSG is established as RSN 
200 by Temporary Instruction No. 
631-2 (app. 2 SS RPM). 

The Management Evaluation Group is 
established, replacing the old Inspec- 
tion Services Division, and elevated to 
management status. 

Press Release 72-3 publishes registrant 
administrative actions affecting 11,000 
men whose outstanding induction 
orders are cancelled and 115,000 
members of the 1972 Extended Prior- 
ity Selection Group to be reclassified 
into the less vulnerable Second Prior- 
ity Selection Group. 

Temporary Instruction No. 660-1 
directs implementation of the CO 
work program. 



Defense Secretary Laird hints draft 
may be used to support National 
Guard and Reserves. 

Col. Jack D. Kaufman becomes State 
Director of Maryland, after Major 
Humphrey May, Jr., had served as 
Acting State Director, following the 
death of Colonel James L. Hays III. 

Dr. Curtis Tarr testifies on the moder- 
nization of the Selective Service 
System before the Senate Judiciary 
Subcommittee on Administrative Prac- 
tice and Procedures. 

MARCH 

Supreme Court carefully qualifies the 
right of registrants to bring civil suits 
against the System in FEIN v. SELEC- 
TIVE SERVICE SYSTEM LOCAL 
BOARD NO. 7 OF YONKERS, N. Y. 

Secretary Laird asks the System to 
deliver 15,000 men for induction dur- 
ing April, May and June 1972. 

Dr. Tarr appears before the Senate 
Armed Services Subcommittee on the 
Volunteer Armed Force and Selective 
Service, testifying on the administra- 
tion of the provisions of the Selective 
Service Act. 

Dr. Tarr speaks before the House 
Subcommittee on HUD (Housing and 
Urban Development),— Space— Science- 
Veterans, Appropriations Committee. 

Selective Service National State 
Directors' Conference— the only one 
held while Dr. Tarr was in office- 
convened in Washington, D.C. Awards 
were presented to outstanding people 
in the System. 



Combined call for April and May 
announced, using candidates with 
RSN's 1-15. This was the first imple- 
mentation of the Uniform National 
Call. 

APRIL 

Headquarters Order No. 3.72 an- 
nounces the formation of a Forms 
Management Committee at National 
Headquarters. 



The Selective Service National Person- 
nel and Fiscal Conference is held in 
Denver, Colorado. 

Headquarters Order No. 4.72 describes 
the function and gives the membership 
of the Selective Service National 
Policy Committee. Its function is to 
conduct a continuing study of System 
administration. 

After confirmation by the U.S. Senate, 
Dr. Tarr assumes new post as Under 
Secretary of State for Coordinating 
Security Assistance Programs. 



Federal Register publishes proposed 
amendments to Selective Service 
Regulations concerning Public Infor- 
mation. 

In STEPHEN H. GARDINER v. 
CURTIS W. TARR, Federal District 
Judge rules in favor of 1-0 registrant 
plaintiffs who complained that they 
were ordered to perform compulsory 
service at a time (first three months 
of 1972) when all registrants classified 
1-A and 1-A-O were not being ordered 
to report for induction and were, in 
fact, being placed in a selection group 
making it virtually certain that they 
would not be ordered for induction. 

MAY 

Former Selective Service Deputy 
Director Byron V. Pepitone assumes 
the role of Acting Director of the 
System, replacing Dr. Curtis Tarr. 

Internal Security Division of the 
Justice Department advises all U.S. 
Attorneys that legal questions arising 
from System litigation should be dis- 
cussed with Regional Counsels rather 
than State Directors. 

All eligible men with lottery numbers 
1-35 who were not already issued 
induction orders for April or May are 
issued orders with June reporting 
dates. 



Temporary Instruction No. 632-6 
establishes RSN 50 as the induction 
ceiling for July. 



Seven new informative brochures 
ming young men of their draft 
and responsibilities— expanded aij 
written to include all changes i 
1971 amendments to the Se 
Service Act and all implem 
regulations— are sent out to statei 
quarters for subsequent distributl 
local boards. 

The Defense Department says | 
not draft any more doctors f< 
rest of 1972. 

JUNE 

144 nationwide Operations per 
come together for the second l\l< 
Operations Conference in Washi 
D. C. The Selective Service "E 
the Registrants Processing Manua 
the springboard for training an 
cussion. 

Mr. Thomas Bonner becomes 
isiana's state director, replacini 
James J. O'Donnell, Jr. 

All prime draft candidates with I 
numbers 1-75 are issued orders 
August reporting dates. 

New regulation permits regis 
scheduled to be inducted after J 
to enlist or be appointed ir 
National Guard or Reserves 
receipt of their induction orders 
up to 10 days before the sche 
date of induction. 

Flooding conditions wrought by 
ricane Agnes cause temporary 
down of some local boards in Viij 
Pennsylvania and New York State 

President Nixon announces that 
tees will no longer be assignee 
duty in Vietnam unless they volul 



State Directors Committee on l| 
Employment Opportunity meet 
National Headquarters to discuss I 
and appeal board minority repres 
tion. 

JULY 

System announces that the 

lottery ceiling will remain at RSI 



vmiiiLUJj^**-^^ 




r to meet the September call 
) men. 

Training Conferences, designed 

ain policy procedures set forth 

new Registrants Processing 

are kicked off throughout the 



Ernest Donald Fears, Jr., 40, Virginia 
State Director and the first black state 
director ever nominated by a Gover- 
nor, resigns. 

14 draftees go to Munich as members 
of the U.S. Olympic Team— four bring 
back medals. 



dward J. Henderson becomes 
|State Director for New Jersey, 
g Col. Harold Hoenig. 

ivmond A. W. Chisholm be- 
Acting State Director for 
t, replacing Col. William J. 



July 3, is the first time 
checks for all compensated 
ss are handled completely by 

«tive Service System, using its 

500 computer. 

Dn collision two miles north of 
le, N.C. ends the lives of Lt. 
lie W. Faison, N.C. Deputy 
rector, and his wife, Daisy. 

case of THOMAS T. 
ER v. SELECTIVE SERVICE 
/I LOCAL BOARD NO. 76 OF 
JSIN, the U. S. Court of 
for the Seventh Circuit 
that the court order of one 
Judge cannot bind the System 
processing of all similarly 
registrants outside the boun- 
f the judge's district. 



TO ALL STATE DI- 
RS NO. 510.9 announces 
for the Jobs for Veterans 
and outlines special recogni- 
participation in and pro- 
of it. 

Nixon reaffirms his com- 
t to ending the draft by June 
3 and instituting an all-volun- 
IV. 

flBER 

sft ceiling for 1972 is set at 
5, bringing the total of men 
i in 1972 to 50,000. 



Due to uncertainty generated by 
President Nixon's end-the-draft speech 
of August 28, Acting Director Byron 
Pepitone distributes form letters to 
members of both the 1973 First 
Priority Selection Group (with RSN's 
1-100) and the 1972 First Priority 
Selection Group (with RSN's 96-200), 
clarifying the status of registrants who 
may have been unclear as to their 
vulnerability, and predicting their like- 
lihood of being drafted before July 1, 
1973. 

Mr. Linwood G. Wilhelm is appointed 
Acting State Director for Virginia, 
replacing Ernie Fears. 



OCTOBER 

Lt. Col. Robert W. McBrier is ap- 
pointed new Acting Director for 
Rhode Island, replacing Col. Lloyd 
Charles Wilson who retired. 

The First Annual Report of the Attor- 
ney General for Fiscal Year 1971 on 
Federal Law Enforcement and Cri- 
minal Justice is issued. In his section 
on Selective Service System Law 
Enforcement, the Attorney General 
endorses the System's program and 
continues to support its purpose. 



NOVEMBER 

Alternate Service Work Program 
Officers convene in San Antonio, 
Texas— in the first meeting of its 
kind— to lay the groundwork for the 
new l-W program. 

Mrs. Sylvia E. Rosemergy is appointed 
Federal Women's Program Coordinator 
for the System, insuring that females 
will be offered the same employment 
and promotion opportunities as their 
male counterparts in Selective Service. 



SYSTEM PERSONNEL 

Continued from page one 
procedures were identified and 
eliminated in the planning stages, 
and this will hopefully reduce the 
need to make further changes 
once the program has been imple- 
mented. Forms have been de- 
signed to be equally helpful to 
local boards as well as state and 
national headquarters, while pro- 
cedures have been modified so 
that local board registration work 
is reduced to a minimum— while 
concurrently fulfilling the require- 
ments of the law. 

However, despite the extensive 
efforts in planning this project, it 
will likely contain certain aspects 
which can be further improved 
upon. As Mr. Daniel J. Cronin, 
Assistant Deputy Director for 
Operations, has said, "I hope that 
as local board and state head- 



quarters personnel use these new 
forms and procedures they will 
let us at National Headquarters 
know of ways they can be made 
even better." 

What should the final result of 
this close cooperation be? Hope- 
fully, a smoothly operating, 
System-wide designed program, of 
which all members of the Selec- 
tive Service System can be proud. 

"AIDS" TO INSURE 

Continued from page one 
cards are mailed directly from 
Washington to the timekeeper's 
latest available address of record; 
but if this address is not correct, 
the rest of the procedure could 
fail with resulting bogdown of 
paycheck distribution. Whereas 
the former hit-or-miss method— in 
which timekeepers had to sit 
down and compose letters or 




MR. EMANUEL M. KLINE proudly holds the Federal Government Paperwork 
Management Award he won October 18 for his outstanding contributions as 
Manager of the Administrative Service Division at National Headquarters. 
Pictured here at the Paperwork Awards luncheon in Washington, D. C. are (from 
left): Mr. Rod Kreger, Deputy Administrator, General Services Administration; 
Mr. Kline; Acting Director Byron Pepitone; and LTC William L. Kemp, 
Administrative Support Manager at National Headquarters. 



memos to National Headquarters 
informing payroll of address or 
status changes — proved inadequate, 
the AIDS now provides time- 
keepers with a clear, simple and 
standardized method of reporting 
numerous record changes (Form 
901) and a channel through 
which this vital information can 
bypass National Headquarters and 
reach the Computer Service 
Center as quickly as possible. 

More than just recording 
changes of address or status, how- 
ever, the AIDS will generate a 
number of analytical reports 
about the System, and it is 
currently being used to keep 
track of the new addresses of 
collocated and consolidated 
boards. 

In conclusion, Mr. James 
Conley, Manpower Administration 
Personnel Liaison for Data 
Systems and one of the guiding 
lights of the AIDS, kindly urges 
all System employees with new 
address information to "do it 
right, do it fast, use the AP 
Form 901. Try it, you'll like it." 
(The current 901 Form will be 
replaced within the next several 
months with an OCR form, of 
which the original will be mailed 
directly to the Computer Service 
Center.) 



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Got Any 
Odd or 
Amusing 
Letters In 
Your Files? 



A collection of 
amusing and interesting letl 
draft boards is being compi 
a new book tentatively er 
DEAR DRAFT BOARD, 
by Army Reserve Colonel S 
M. Ulanoff, currently a pre 
at the City University ofj 
York and author of 17 bod 
military subjects. 

Col. Ulanoff, whose 
father was chairman of i 
board in Brooklyn, N.Y. fr| 
start of World War 2 throffl 
Korean War, would greatly 
ciate System employees se 
him any curious, mad or 
able letters from the publii 
may reside in their files 
rally, any identification ( 
person who wrote the letti 
any person mentioned in 
letter, must be omitted. 
Ulanoff emphasizes that the 
will be done in good taste 
not to cast Selective Service 
bad light. 

As a tribute to Selective 
vice as it enters a standby s 
Col. Ulanoff hopes to 
DEAR DRAFT BOARD publ 
by July 1, 1973, so please 
any of your gems as soc 
possible to: 

Col. Stanley M. Ul 
17 The Serpentine 
Roslyn, NY 11576 



American Youth Overwhelmingly Endorse All-Volunteer Service 



Human Resources Research 
Organization of Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia is issuing a report on the 
ATTITUDES OF YOUTH TO- 
WARD MILITARY SERVICE, 
based on surveys conducted by 
New York-based Gilbert Youth 
Research, Inc. on the reactions of 
a representative sample of 
America's youth toward the con- 
cepts of an all-volunteer force, 
compulsory national service (men 
and women), and the present 
draft system. 

The report compares three 
similar surveys conducted by 
Gilbert Research in May 1971, 
November 1971, and June 1972. 
In each of these surveys, the 
4 



youth respondent was asked 
whether he favored one of the 
four following alternatives for 
maintaining the armed services: 
(1) an all-volunteer military ser- 
vice, (2) compulsory national ser- 
vice for men, (3) compulsory 
national service for both men and 
women, and (4) the present draft 
system. Alternatives were pre- 
sented one at a time— for absolute 
evaluation— and the choices were 
presented under two conditions: 
(a) at present, and (b) during 
peacetime. The percentage endor- 
sements for each of the four 
alternatives are presented in the 
following table: 



ALTERNATIVE 


CONCEPTS 


IN 


MILITARY 


SERVICE 






Percent 


Endor 


sing Concept 






At Prese 


it 




Duri 


ig Peacetime 




May 7 


Noy 71 


June 72 


May 71 


Nov 71 June 72 


ALTERNATIVES 














Compulsory National 














service for men 


16 


21 




19 


18 


21 18 


and women 














Compulsory National 
service for men only 


20 


22 




18 


15 


18 14 


An all-volunteer 
military service 


72 


75 




76 


82 


84 84 


Continuation of the 














present military 


22 


23 




25 


15 


14 13 


service draft system 















As evidenced by the preceding data, our nation's youth substantially endorse 
the all-volunteer concept, while a slight decline in endorsement of the concept of 
compulsory national service was noted in June 1972 compared to November 
1971. 



S-U.S. Government Printing Office: 19 72-78 4-16 0/6 Region 8 



WASHINGTON, D.C. 



JANUARY 1973 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



DOCUMENTS 



73 Draft Limit: 5,500 Mefl*Ri<i_ 
jro Draft in January, Februa^ ;s 



January 8, in a final report 
o Congress before leaving his 
Secretary of Defense, Mel- 
aird announced that no more 
5,500 men would be drafted 
73. Having already declared in 
972 that there would be no 
tions in January and Febru- 
(Secretary Laird said that the 
i draft call would be less than 
), and that in April, May and 
(the draft is scheduled to end 
30) no more than an average 
000 monthly will be needed. 
is information is of special in- 
to those in the 1972 Ex- 
d Priority Selection Group 
G). While these men will not 
nduction in January and Feb- 
they may receive notices of 
ion (starting with RSN 1 and 
in unl in February if March 
ps are deemed necessary, 
of November 30, 1972, Oper- 
• Division at National Head- 



quarters estimated there would be 
68,552 men entering the 1972 
EPSG, but, due to preinduction and 
induction test failures and various 
delays, only 7,650 may actually be 
available for induction during the 
Extended Priority period. 

Included in the EPSG are those 
men whose inductions were post- 
poned January or February, but 
whose orders were cancelled on 
January 2. Whereas in the past their 
postponements were extended 
month by month, they will now be 
considered in the EPSG, which will 
be the first group called if there are 
inductions in March or later 
months. 

Secretary Laird also was quoted 
in his final Congressional statement 
as saying, "No one at this point can 
guarantee absolutely that the 
United States will be able to main- 
tain an all-volunteer force for the 
indefinite future." 




Late President Harry Truman looks delighted on receiving a Selective Service Medal 
on January 21, 1946 from General Lewis B. Hershey, at that time System Director. 
President Truman's medal was awarded during a White House ceremony in which the 
Chief Executive honored hundreds of uncompensated Selective Service employees 
throughout the country for service above and beyond the call of duty. After being 
"pinned," Mr. Truman turned to General Hershey's wife and said, "Your old man 
surprised me. Now I'm going to surprise him." He then proceeded to award Hershey 
the Army's Distinguished Service Medal. 



Operations Division Seers Call 'Em Right 



hen the Uniform National 
Call went into effect across the 

n on March 8, 1972, there 

a lot of uneasy souls in Opera- 
Division at National Head- 
ers. They were used to the old 
and call system whereby Na- 
Headquarters merely told a 
Director how many men to 
sh, based on the number of 

available in that state. Lacking 
experience as to how many reg- 
its would be brought in by 
ig a selected group of random 
lence numbers, Operationers 
rtheless diligently implemented 
rtive Service's new attempt at 
trant equity. They were mov- 
ahead, as one observer put it, 

by the seat of their pants." 
Jt 1972 year-end figures proved 

Operations Division was more 

equal to the task. The Defense 
artment requested 50,000 men 

Selective Service in 1972, and 
.sed with prophetic, hard- 
<ing and intelligent people, Op- 
ons Division responded with a 

49,333 actual inductions. 



The Defense Department April, 
May and June 1972 call of 15,000 
was nearly realized by 14,268 in- 
ductions, and the number of actual 
inductions from July-December 
197 2, 34,700 men, came even 
closer to DOD's 35,000-man re- 
quest for that same period. 

The expertise in calculating the 
RSN-to-manpower ratio comes, nat- 
urally, in figuring how many num- 
bers to reach to induct the number 
of men wanted. Complicating Oper- 
ations' basic problem of figuring 
out the number of registrants per 
RSN number in the 1972 First Pri- 
ority Selection Group were four 
highly variable and unpredictable 
factors: 

1. REJECTIONS Physical, men- 
tal, or moral rejections ran as high 
as 58% at preinduction and 21% at 
induction physicals. 

2. NO-SHOWS Those who, 
without reason, simply failed to re- 
port for induction approximated 
11%. (Most of these men have legit- 
imate excuses.) 

3. REGULAR, RESERVE AND 



GUARD ENLISTMENTS Besides 
Regular Armed Forces enlistments, 
the new System regulation allowing 
registrants to enlist in the Reserve 
and National Guard after receipt of 
their induction orders and up to ten 
days prior to their induction date 
resulted in the loss of 17,541 1-A's 
in the July-December period. 

4. FLOW-IN People were con- 
stantly — in a fashion which did 
not permit accurate predictions — 
"flowing into" the First Priority Se- 
lection Group from deferred and 
Reexamination Believed Justified 
(RBJ) status, along with those 
whose procedural rights had been 
terminated, thus making them in- 
ductable. 

All in all, when one considers 
that of those who became eligible 
for processing for induction in 
1972 only about 10% were actually 
inducted into the Armed Forces, all 
System members should join with 
the Selective Service News in giving 
Operations Division an honorary 
crystal ball and a well-deserved pat- 
on-the-back. 



Truman Mourning 
Gives Reprieve 
to 300 Inductees 

Due to the death of our 33rd 
President, Harry S. Truman, on De- 
cember 26, 1972, and the subse- 
quent closing of AFEES and all 
Federal installations as part of the 
Dec. 28 day of mourning, appropri- 
ate local boards throughout the 
country were notified to cancel the 
orders of approximately 300 regis- 
trants scheduled to be inducted or 
to report for alternate service on 
the latter date. These 300 men were 
placed in the 1972 Extended Prior- 
ity Selection Group on January 1. 

Although regular inductions were 
suspended during the Christmas- 
New Year holiday, December 28, 
the last call of 1972, had been set 
up especially for delayed induc- 
tions. 

Any authorized costs incurred by 
registrants not notified of the in- 
duction cancellation will be reim- 
bursed by the Selective Service 
System. 



1 



From the Acting Director 



On New Registration Procedures 



As the New Year of 1973 sees 
our System entering a standby sta- 
tus, registration will definitely re- 
main an integral part of our respon- 
sibilities. 

Every year nearly two million 
young men fulfill their duties as 
American citizens by going through 
our registration procedures. Unfor- 
tunately, signing up this prodigious 
amount of manpower consumes an 
enormous amount of employee 
time and, indirectly, American tax- 
payer dollars; fortunately, however, 
we are introducing a new registra- 
tion program in January to help al- 
leviate this problem and make regis- 
tration as simple a process as possi- 
ble. This new policy will encompass 
five significant changes: 

First, the Registration Card (SSS 
Form 1) has been slightly revised, 
allowing the registrant to complete 
the Registration Card himself, with 
the local board clerk checking only 
to ensure completeness and to vali- 
date it with her signature. This new 
procedure should reduce the time 
spent with each registrant from ten 
to three minutes, and should pro- 



vide the whole System a yearly sav- 
ings of over 200,000 man-hours. 

Second, the Registration Ques- 
tionnaire (SSS Form 100) is being 
completely eliminated, freeing the 
registrant from having to complete 
this long and complicated form. 
Since local board people will no 
longer have to mail or issue this 
form - and then review it for perti- 
nent i n formation when re- 
turned - the System will save ap- 
proximately 200,000 man-hours an- 
nually. 

Third, the Registration Certifi- 
cate (SSS Form 2) is being com- 
bined with the Notice of Classifica- 
tion (SSS Form 110) to create a 
new form, the Status Card (SSS 
Form 7). When a registrant is as- 
signed his RSN, he will now be is- 
sued just one form, the Status Card, 
which will serve both as proof of 
his registration and notification of 
his classification. Form 7 will save 
the System $32,000 in forms alone, 
and, assuming five minutes prepara- 
tion each for the Registration Cer- 
tificate and the Notice of Classifica- 
tion, over 160,000 man-hours annu- 



ally. Incidentally, this unified forn 
will reduce total typing characten 
from 86 to 59. 

Fourth, instead of being pro- 
duced for all two million regis- 
trants, Registrant File Folders (SSS 
Form 101) will now be prepared 
only when the local board receives 
written information about a regis- 
trant or, when, after the lottery, his 
RSN is below the 1-H cutoff. From 
the experience of local boards 
which have experimented with this 
procedure, and assuming a 1-H cut- 
off of approximately 100, the 
System will probably cut about 
125,000 in man-hours and $30,000 
in printing costs. 

Fifth is the revision of the Cur- 
rent Information Questionnaire 
(SSS Form 127) which, while not 
resulting in major savings for the 
System, was necessary to fill the in- 
formational void left by the elimi- 
nation of the Registration Ques- 
tionnaire, and to make the Form 
127 conform with changing laws 
and regulations. 

All of the above improvements in 
our registration procedures will save 




our System over 2.5 million di 
worth of man-hours and f\ 
costs, yet perhaps the most in 
tant ramifications of our new 
icy will be in the public relax 
sphere: members of our Sy\ 
family at the local level wil 
freed to spend more time cou, 
ing and processing registrants' 
low RSN's. After all, the regist 
is not an interruption o(j 
work - he is the purpose of 

Byron V. Pepi 









of 

'it. 



Field Members Help Computer Center with OCR Error Lis 



In early April 1972, a program was 
instigated to assist the Computer 
Service Center in checking OCR er- 
ror lists (records created by forms 
not acceptable to the OCR reader). 
The thrust of this program was that 
all states were requested to furnish 
employees to work on these lists at 
the Computer Service Center. 

These state workers -- so far, a 
total of 74 people in 17 groups - 
have been coming into the Comput- 



er Service Center over a period of 
eight months, arriving in Washing- 
ton eager to learn what the Com- 
puter Service people have to teach, 
and to share the knowledge they 
have acquired about OCR forms 
from their side of the fence. 

While assigned to the Center, 
they are given a tour of the com- 
puter room and an opportunity to 
see the OCR reader in action with 
forms from their own local boards. 



A briefing on TC-500, microfiche, 
and the function and purpose of 
Operations is included on their 
agenda, along with a trip to Nation- 
al Headquarters. 

The TDY personnel, knowing 
they have come to work hard, do 
just that. With their assistance, a to- 
tal of 228 error lists and 341,634 
OCR forms have been completed 
and mailed to the field for correc- 
tion. 



Major Ronald Schmiedekil 
Computer Service Center Mariil 
reports that the Computer Cel 
TDYers "have pitched in with I 
good will and effort as to be al 
spiration to all who have comj 
contact with them." 



Time Keeper Errors Still a Problem 



The Selective Service automated 
civilian payroll system has been 
operating with less than 1% incor- 
rect or omitted payments since 
"live" operations began June 11, 
1972. Error rates for permanent 
and temporary changes-- plus time 
and attendance cards transmitted 
from the regional service cen- 
ters -- are running at an acceptable 
quality level. 

However, the number of errors 
made by timekeepers on time and 
attendance cards (one card may 
have more than one error) is unusu- 
ally high, ranging from a low of 8% 



in one state to a high of 139% in 
another state (percentages derived 
from actual error count for pay pe- 
riod ending October 28, 1972). 
These errors create an additional 
workload at each regional service 
center, which must correct the 
cards before their submission to the 
Computer Service Center. 

Action has been taken to help 
timekeepers reduce errors. Each 
timekeeper already has a copy of 
Chapter 2 of the Local Board Fiscal 
Manual, which contains instructions 
and illustrations regarding correct 
procedures for completing time and 



attendance cards. Mr. John D. 
Dewhurst, Assistant Deputy Direc- 
tor, Administration, has written an 
individual letter to each State Di- 
rector explaining the importance of 
accurate time and attendance re- 
porting, and a checklist of common 
errors has been prepared and will be 
sent to each timekeeper when an er- 
ror is found. 

With the cooperation of all in- 
volved, it is anticipated that time- 
keeper errors will decrease rapidly, 
and the efficiency of the payroll 
system will further improve. 






SYSTEM MEMBERS ARE HER 
BY WARNED THAT ANY COMl 
STRIP MATERIAL, OR AN 
OTHER SYNDICATED OR COP ! 
RIGHTED MATERIAL, MUJ 
NOT BE USED FOR ANY PU| 
POSE WHATSOEVER, BE IT PR] 
MOTIONAL OR OTHERWIjj 
ANY UNAUTHORIZED MATEfj 
AL YOU MAY HAVE ON HAN 
CONTAINING REPRESENT) 
TIONS FOUND IN COM 
RIGHTED MATERIAL MUST t 
IMMEDIATELY DESTROY^ 
SPECIFIC REFERENCES TO AN 
PICTORIAL REPRESENTATION 
OF CHARACTERS IN THE COB 
IC STRIP "PEANUTS", D( 
PLAYED IN THE SEPTEMBE 
1972 ISSUE OF THE SELECTI\j 
SERVICE NEWS, WERE AH 
ARE WHOLLY UNAUTHOI 
IZED - NO SUBSEQUENT Oj 
FURTHER USE OF OR REFEl 
ENCE TO "PEANUTS" MATEH 
AL SHOULD BE MADE. 



[cord Number of I— O's 
Iced In November 

m had more 1 -O's ordered to jobs in November, 1972, (1599), than at 
Ijher time in the history of the System since WW2," declares Mr. John 
I,', Alternate Service Program Manager at National Headquarters. 

tributing to this record number of alternate service placements, Mr. 

feels, is a stringent effort throughout the whole System to place 

t the same time their 1-A counterparts receive notices of induction. 

; November placement figure, which will bring the total number of 
in the United States to 11,380, totaled with the number of SSS 
153's issued in July, August, September and October of 1972, puts 
mber of 1 -O's placed in these months at 3,622. 

w is a breakdown of the above figure by month and a comparison 
le number of 1-0's examined and acceptable in that month: 



NO. OF SSS FORMS 
153 OUTSTANDING 



Volunteer Registrars Applauded 





1-0'S EXAMINED 


972 


AND ACCEPTABLE * 




5N1-75) 


2658 


1 1972 




SN 1-95) 


3386 


mber 1972 




SN 1-95) 


3561 


ter1972 




SN 1-95) 


3686 


Tiber 1972 




5N 1 -95) 


3507 



557 



886 



981 



1227 



1599 

es derived from total of Form 153's issued, Form 155's issued, Form 155's not 
and personal appearances and appeals. It should be remembered that a regis- 
las approximately two months (60 days) to locate a suitable job after his Form 
issued. 

) put these monthly figures into some historical perspective, let's look 
th the total number of TO's and the average number of registrants 
*d to alternate service assignments, per month, as of June 30 of the 
1953-72. 

APPROXIMATE MONTHLY AVERAGE 
OF REGISTRANTS ASSIGNED TO 
i CLASS 1-0 ALTERNATE SERVICE 

3,783 115 

4,071 180 

5,081 137 

5,441 110 

6,489 89 

7,513 74 

8,311 78 

8,791 75 

9,278 68 

9,722 88 

9,097 90 

9,775 95 

11,492 102 

9,031 182 

10,364 267 

12,178 253 

14,585 303 

19,714 383 

34,203 509 

16,071 571 



From the Galveston, Texas Daily 
News, November 24, 1972: 

One of the least recognized con- 
tributions a citizen makes in service 
to his community is that of Selec- 
tive Service registrar. 

The nation's laws require that 
every young man must register with 
Selective Service when he reaches 
the age of 18. He may register as 
much as 30 days prior to his 18th 
birthday but must do so no later 
than 29 days after he becomes 18. 
This requirement to register will 
continue in full effect even if the 
all-voluntary military force be- 
comes a reality. Failure to register 
can result in a fine or imprisonment 
or both. 

To make it easier for the young 
men to register, 14 county residents 
have volunteered to serve as regis- 
trars, eliminating the need for the 



registrant to hunt up the Selective 
Service office. The volunteer regis- 
trars are located throughout the 
county, mostly at high schools, so 
there's hardly any excuse for the 
registration to be neglected. 

We think the volunteer registrars 
deserve a bit of commendation. 
They are citizens who have all the 
responsibilities of normal life, meet- 
ings to attend, work to do, family 
obligations: they have, like most of 
us, a full schedule of activities that 
would keep them busy, but they go 
just a step further and provide con- 
venience for the young men who 
must sign up with Selective Service. 
Most of us generally try to avoid 
adding one more duty, even a small 
one, but these registrars have elec- 
ted to carry the extra load. 

Why not give them a pat on the 
back next time you see them? 



Quaker Spokesman 
Lauds "Curriculum Guide 77 



"Whereas many government pub- 
lications are merely public relations 
instruments, the Curriculum Guide 
to the Draft is a clear and objective 
explanation of the draft in all its 
facets," enthuses Willard Mead of 
the Friends Peace Center - a Pitts- 
burgh anti-draft organization spon- 
sored by the Quaker Meeting of 
that city. 

The updated Curriculum Guide 
(February 1972) was designed by 
National Headquarters to help high 
school teachers dispense correct 
draft information to their students. 

Mr. Mead feels the Curriculum 
Guide gives the "complete facts" 
and "certainly is adequate in pre- 
paring the high school teacher to 
tell his students what they need to 
know." 

The Friends Peace Center is try- 
ing to push the Curriculum Guide 
into Pittsburgh public schools, but 
is meeting resistance from some 
principals who feel that draft dis- 
cussion is somehow unpatriotic. 

Mr. Mead thinks this attitude is 
unjustified, claiming that this na- 
tion "has no right to force 18-year- 
olds to register blindly without 
knowledge of choices or alterna- 
tives. Some young men come into 
my office for draft counseling 
thinking they have only five days to 



register; others don't even know 
where to register. With the help of 
the Curriculum Guide, this whole 
draft thing could be covered in six 
class sessions either in a Social 
Studies or Problems in Democracy- 
type course." 

For those readers interested 
teachers may get free copies of Cur- 
riculum Guide to the Draft by writ 
ing the Public Information Office 
Selective Service National Head 
quarters, 1724 F Street, N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20435; the gen 
era I public may receive a copy by 
sending $1,00 to the Superintend 
ent of Documents, U.S. Govern 
ment Printing Office, Washington 
D.C. 20402. 

"To Err is Human, 

to Forgive 

Divine" Department 

Contrary to the assertion by 
the editor in the October Selec- 
tive Service News story, "Col- 
location Transforms Iowa 
Draft," Iowa is NOT the corn- 
husker state - Iowa may have a 
lot of corn, but its nickname is 
the HAWK EYE state. The 
Cornhusker sobriquet belongs 
to Iowa's neighbor - Nebraska. 



Ex-State Director of Colorado Dies 



Mr. Allen J. Roush, former Colo- 
rado State Director from January 1 , 
1968, to his retirement March 16, 
1971, died suddenly of a massive 
coronary on December 5. 

Serving with the Colorado Sys- 
tem since 1940, Mr. Roush began 
his Selective Service career as a lo- 
cal board clerk in Walsenburg, Colo- 
rado. He moved into Colorado 
State Headquarters in 1942, serving 
in the manpower office about ten 
years, and then assumed the post of 
deputy director for three years be- 
fore his appointment to the top 
state post. 

Born in Kansas on July 20, 1 891 , 
Mr. Roush lived most of his life in 
LaVeta, Colorado, and when he 
died was living at 3353 West Hiale- 
ah in Littleton, Colorado. Surviving 
are his wife of 53 years, Lora, . a 
daughter, and two grandchildren. 




Prices Hiked 
on Selective 
Service News, 
Registrants 
Processing Manual 

Effective January 1, 1973, the 
new price of Registrants Processing 
Manual will be $17.50, with $4.50 
additional for foreign mailing. Ef- 
fective also on this date, the new 
yearly subscription rate for the Se- 
lective Service News will be $2.00, 
plus $.50 for foreign mailing; single 
copy charge will be 20 cents. To 
secure either of these documents 
write to: 

Superintendent of Documents 
U. S. Government Printing Office 
Washington, D. C. 20402 



Five l'-W's Strike 
Boston Hospital 



Does an alternate service worker 
deserve the same rights as a regular 
employee at the same institution? 
Moreover, can the 1-W join a 
union? Can he go out on strike? 

These diffcult questions are being 
posed to Selective Service by a 
strike, begun October 31, against 
Boston, Massachusetts 
Rehabilitation Hospital by 266 
members of the National Union of 
Hospital and Nursin g Home 
Employees working at the hospital. 
Joining the labor walkout were five 
1-W hospital employees: John 
Szymanski, Jeff Carty, James 
Trickett, Robert Nason and Roger 
Menett. 

In a letter to these men dated 
November 2, Massachusetts State 
Director Victor Bynoe advised 
them that they must return to work 
or face possible prosecution. 

Although conscientous objectors 
have been prosecuted for failing to 
fulfill their alternate-service 
obligations, U.S. Attorney James 
Gabriel said, "I doubt we've had 
any case with these circumstances." 

Meeting with two of the men, 
Major William J. Griffiths, state 
alternate service head, told them 
they were not doing satisfactory 
service and suggested they go back 



to work or find another employer 
"who would meet alternate service 
requirements. 

Although Major Griffiths said he 
wouldn't expect these men to risk 
injury crossing a picket line, he did 
recommend "that they seek other 
service, thus allowing them to fulfill 
their obligation and respect the 
union strike." 

One of the 1-W's, Szymanski, 
maintained that the System 
"doesn't have a right to define this 
as unsatisfactory work."; another, 
Carty, claimed that the American 
Civil Liberties Union lawyers 
advised them that the 1-W workers 
were in a good position legally, and 
in this case, the rights of a worker 
would take precedence over 
Selective Service requirements. 

Mr. Bynoe who feels the 1-W 
strike is a "precedent-breaking 
situation," has referred the case to 
the Philadelphia Regional Counsel 
Office. The Regional Counsel 
advised Mr. Bynoe to proceed 
under System Regulation 
1660.9(b), Administration of 
Alternate Service, and thoroughly 
investigate all viewpoints on the 
strike situation before taking 
further action. 




"Triple your pleasure, triple your fun, 
while filling out good ole' SSS Form 1." 
Mrs. Jeanette Mester, a clerk-typist at Il- 
linois State Headquarters, registers her 
triplet sons, Jerald, Kendall, and Law- 
rence for Selective Service. 



Pennsylvania 
Parents Use 
Billboard To 
Proclaim Patriotism 

A Bristol, Pennsylvania couple, 
Mr. and Mrs. Richard J. Tosti, 
decided to tell the whole world 
how proud they were to have all 
their five sons serve in the Army 
and come back safely. 

So, when their last son to serve 
returned from Vietnam they rented 
a billboard from a local merchant 
and paid him $160 to have it read: 
"Thank God that the last of our 
five sons to serve his country has 
returned home safely. We are proud 
that each answered his country's 
call." 



Australia 
Abolishes Dj 

An end to the military drafti 
tralia and the release of a 
evaders was announced Decei 
by the new Labor Party 
ment of Prime Minister 
Whitlam. 

Mr. Lance Barnard, Deputy 
Minister under Mr. Whitlarr 
that draft evaders 
20 - would be released from j 
mediately, pending prosec 
would be dropped, recent 
notifications could be ignore 
draftees now in uniform wo 
discharged unless they wish 
main for their full 18-month 

Instead of repealing the dra 
the new Labor government wi 
ply stop exercising its draft ai 
ity. The draft law will rema 
the books to be reactivated ii 
of national emergency. 

The Labor Party, whose victt 
national elections Decemb 
ended 23 years of rule by a c< 
vative coalition of parties, 
pledged before the election th 
peal of the draft law would b 
first legislative act of the new 
ernment. 

According to the New 
Times, resistance to the draf 
been spreading in Australia in 
riod of disenchantment with 
country's participation in th| 
nam conflict. Although Austr 
combat contingent -- about £ 
men at its peak -- was withd] 
last year, opposition to the j| 
has continued and was a prime 
tion issue for young people am 
parents of prospective draftees. 



Use of funds for printing of 1 
publication approved by the Dir 
tor of the Bureau of the Budg| 
August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a me 
um of information between Natii 
al Headquarters and other com| 
nents of the Selective Service S 
tern as well as the general publ 
However, nothing contained hen 
may be accepted as modifying 
enlarging provisions of the Militl 
Selective Service Act of 19G7, 
amended, or any other acts of Ct 
gress. 

Communications should be i 
dressed to: Office of Public I nfii 
mation, National Headquarters, S 
lective Service System, 1724 
Street, N.W., Washington, 
20435. For sale by the Super! 
tendent of Documents, U.S. 
ernment Printing Office, Washir 
ton, D.C., 20402 - price 20 cej 
(single copy). Subscri 
Price: $2.00 per year; 50 cents a 
ditional for foreign mailing. 



WASHINGTON, D.C. FEBRUARY 1973 



Seleciiue Seruice MEWS 



i 






DUCTIONS END AHEAD OF SCHEDULE 



all-volunteer army is a 
On January 27, just a 

aurs after the Vietnam 
fire agreement was 
in Paris, then Secretary 

efense Melvin Laird 

inced to America: 

th the signing of the 

agreement in Paris 

and after receiving a 

from the Secretary of 

my that he foresees no 

or further inductions, I 

to inform you that the 

I Forces henceforth will 

id exclusively on volun- 

oldiers, sailors, airmen 



and Marines. Use of the draft 
has ended." 

Earlier this year, former 
Secretary Laird had predicted 
calls of no more than 5,500 
men before President Nixon's 
target date to end the draft: 
June 30, 1973. 

While Laird's announce- 
ment spells an end to actual 
draft calls, the System's legal 
authority to induct will con- 
tinue until July 1— at that time 
Selective Service is scheduled 
to move into a standby status 
encompassing registration, a 



draft lottery, classification and 
possibly examination. 

Constituting the one ex- 
ception to Secretary Laird's 
decree are medical doctors and 
allied medical specialists. 
Although there are no plans 
now to draft this group, the 
Defense Secretary kept this 
option open due to the tradi- 
tional difficulty of getting 
health professionals to volun- 
teer. In his announcement, 
Sec. Laird urged the Senate to 
follow the lead of the House 
and enact legislation giving 
added incentives to military 



service— up to $16,000 a year 
—to those in the health 
professions. 

To help make the all- 
volunteer army viable, Mr. 
Laird's pronouncement also 
urged Congress to insure 
approval of the Special Pay 
Incentive legislation, without 
which, he feels, it will be ex- 
tremely difficult to maintain 
our National Guard and 
Reserve forces at their re- 
quired strength. Presently, 
these two sources of military 
manpower are 56,000 men 
below strength. 



ESIDENT NOMINATES PEPITONE FOR DIRECTOR 



sident Nixon announced 
tention February 27 to 
nate Acting Director 

V. Pepitone as Director 
lective Service, succeed- 
Curtis W. Tarr, who 
appointed Under Secre- 
)f State for Coordinating 
ity Assistance Programs 
ly 1, 1972. 

ngressional confirmation 
ngs on Mr. Pepitone's 
nation will probably 
in early March. 

Pepitone joined the 
m in April 1970 as Act- 
)eputy Director. He be- 
! Deputy Director on 
mber 9, 1970, after retir- 
om the U.S. Air Force as 
lonel. He took over as 
g Director on Dr. Tarr's 
lation. 
native of New Brunswick, 

Jersey, Mr. Pepitone 
i with the Eighth Air 



Force in Europe during WW2, 
and later with the Air Univer- 
sity, Supreme Headquarters 
Allied Powers Europe 
(SHAPE), Headquarters U.S. 
Air Force, the Air Force Com- 
munication Service, and the 
Office of the Secretary of the 
Air Force. Prior to leaving the 
Air Force, Mr. Pepitone served 
as Military Executive Assistant 
to the Assistant Secretary of 
the Air Force for Manpower 
and Reserve Affairs. 

A graduate of the Army 
Command and General Staff 
College, the Air Command and 
Staff College, the Air Univer- 
sity and NATO Defense Col- 
lege, his honors include the 
Distinguished Service Medal, 
the Legion of Merit with two 
oak leaf clusters, the Army 
Commendation Medal with 
oak leaf cluster, the Air Force 
Commendation Medal, and the 
Selective Service Distinguished 



Service Award. 

Mr. Pepitone, the father of 
two sons, resides in Arlington, 



Virginia with his wife, the 
former Marolynn M. Mills of 
Perth Amboy, N.J. 




BYRON PEPITONE 



From the Acting Director 



ON SYSTEM REORGANIZATION 






Zero draft is now a reality. 
With no plans for an extension 
of the general induction au- 
thority after the expiration of 
Section 17(c) on July 1, 1973, 
we must now reorient our 
work and our thoughts to the 
attainment of a standby pos- 
ture for Selective Service as 
required by law. I will en- 
deavor here to briefly recap in 
general terms our plans today 
and wnat they mean to the 
employees of the System and 
the young men of our nation. 

In last October's issue of 
the "Selective Service News", 
I noted that Fiscal Year 1974 
would see some contraction in 
our employment but that we 
expected a majority of our 
compensated people would 
have the opportunity to re- 
main with the System. I am 
gratified that during the next 
fiscal year we will be able to 
retain over 4000 of our present 
employees. At the same time, 
I am acutely aware that we 
must lose some of our em- 
ployees who have served so 
faithfully and well. 

On January 27, 1973, the 
Secretary of Defense an- 
nounced that the success of 
the all-volunteer effort had re- 
sulted in a decision not to 
induct additional men into the 
armed forces during the re- 
mainder of FY 73. This deci- 
sion, with the resultant decline 
in our workload, meant that it 
was necessary for us to accel- 
erate our standby planning. In 
order to accomplish our reori- 
entation in a timely manner, a 
portion of our personnel re- 
ductions initially scheduled 
for after July 1, 1973 had to 
be moved forward into the 
remaining months of FY73. 

Our proposed FY 74 budget 



will be reduced by 34 percent 
from the FY 73 level. In addi- 
tion to the personnel reduc- 
tions dictated by the reduced 
funds, a reduction in adminis- 
trative sites is also necessary. 
This reduction will contract 
the organization from 2700 
sites to 925 sites. This reduc- 
tion will be accomplished 
mainly through the colloca- 
tion of local boards. The re- 
duction of both personnel and 
sites must be completed by 
December 1973 if our budget- 
ary limits are to be observed. 

We are doing everything 
possible to ease the transition 
of employees who will be sep- 
arated. Many are eligible for 
retirement and no employee 
due to retire later in calendar 
year 1973 will be separated if 
such action would jeopardize 
retirement benefits. I have also 
contacted the highest officials 
within the Civil Service Com- 
mission, urging their assistance 
in placing our surplus employ- 
ees with other governmental 
agencies under the CSC Dis- 
placed Employee Program. As 
reductions in force are carried 
out, we will observe all CSC 
reduction in force procedures 
to guarantee the proper bene- 
fits for our employees. All 
possible assistance will be 
given those employees due to 
be separated who seek posi- 
tions outside of government. 

For those of you who will 
remain with us, we visualize a 
full range of activities as pre- 
scribed in the Military Selec- 
tive Service Act as it continues 
beyond June 30 with the ex- 
ception of active inductions 
and examinations. Registra- 
tion and classification of eligi- 
ble young men will continue 
as required by law. The 1973 
lottery is being held as origi- 



nally scheduled for those 
members whose year of birth 
was 1954. An APN is being 
established, and an official an- 
nouncement of this de- 
termination will be made in a 
coming Temporary Instruc- 
tion. Processing of those regis- 
trants with RSN's below the 
APN will be accomplished ex- 
cept for preinduction physical 
examinations. 

Great care has been taken in 
our planning so that the avail- 
able resources in both dollars 
and employees are used in 
each state to provide maxi- 
mum service to the registrants 
and their families. At the same 
time, we must practice maxi- 
mum efficiency and economy 
as we satisfy the requirements 
of the law that the Selective 
Service System remains intact 
in an active standby organiza- 
tion. 

By the adoption of a wide- 
spread use of registrars in all 
communities for the conveni- 
ence of the young men who 
must register we hope to avoid 
unneccesary travel for them. 
Advisors to registrants also are 
being appointed on a greater 
scale to answer questions re- 
garding Selective Service. Lo- 
cal board members remain a 
vital asset to the System. They 
have the prerogative to hold 
their regular meetings at the 
collocated local board site or 
in their community as in the 
past. 

As we proceed into a stand- 
by operation, we must not 
lose sight of the fact that our 
mission includes having the 
ability to react rapidly and 
effectively in the event of a 
national emergency. It is in- 
creasingly important that we 
now pull together to meet our 







objectives and, above al 
der the best service possi 
the registrants and their 
lies. For those of you wi 
leaving the System, I oM 
sincere gratitude for a joi 
done, and extend my ver\ 
wishes. 

Byron V. Pep 



27% of 
Students 
Would Enli 
Without I 
Draft I 
Pressure 

A Scholastic Magazine 
tionwide poll of 42,000 1 
school students, condi '■ 
during Fall 1972, reveals' 
27 percent would join f 
armed services if there w| 
draft. 

Female students were! 
likely to join for the chan 
travel, according to the! 
and males for the good] 
About the same percental 
both sexes (18 percent I 
19 percent girls) said] 
would join as a service td 
country. 



IN YORK BLACKS FILL CHAIRWOMAN, APPEAL BOARD POSTS 



>Je/ York State's first black 

oman is Mrs. Sara E. 

, appointed Jan. 25, 

as head of Local Board 

Mbany. Besides fulfilling 

elective Service duties, 

.ogan has demonstrated 

pressive involvement in 

mnity activities. She 

as the Board Director 

he Albany Interracial 

cil, the Albany Area 

il of Churches, the Civic 

:re of Albany, the 

ic Youth Organization, 

Ibany Area Chapter of 

merican Red Cross, the 

y City Club, and the 

End Teen Council. As if 

n't enough, she's also 

ayed by the Albany 

of Education as com- 

y liaison in it's Read- 

cial Work Program, and 

as President of the 

's Volunteer Improve- 

League. Mother of two 

and two daughters, Mrs. 

enjoys working with 

people and children. 

) give to the world the 
have to help my fellow 
is the motto of Mrs. 
A. Howard, and her 
3 as first black member 
he New York State 
ern District Appeal 
d,— appointed Nov. 14, 
-is just one of the many 
in which she lives up to 
lotto. For the past five 
Mrs. Howard, a Buffalo 
nt, has worked both as a 
r's aide and as a co- 
3tor for the Veteran's 
ition Training Program 
ored by the Model Cities 
am. In September of 
she was appointed Co- 
llator of Volunteer 
es to place senior citi- 
in volunteer positions. 
Howard's active involve- 
also include a Com- 
ty Action Organization, 
uffalo Urban League, the 
:.A. and the Y.W.C.A. A 




MRS. SARA E. LOGAN 



member of the Bethlehem 
Presbyterian Church— where 
she teachers religious educa- 
tion—Mrs. Howard is continu- 
ing her education in the field 
of pre-school and adult educa- 

SYSTEM NOTICE 
Gl GETS OUT OF 

It seems a lot of Americans 
are complaining about fouled- 
up mail service these days— but 
not PFC Charles E. Burgess. 

On Feb. 5, Federal Judge 
Omer Poos of Alexandria, Va., 
ordered Burgess released from 
the Army after 15 months 
service because he never re- 
ceived a preinduction physical 
notice from his local board. 

Burgess, 21, after an initial 
examination in Nov. 1970, 
originally had been classified 
1-Y (a temporary physical 
disqualification classification 
no longer used today) because 
of a knee injury. He was 
oredered to take a second pre- 
induction physical April 23, 
1971, but was in the hospital 
at that date so the board 
promised to reschedule his 
exam. 

The next thing that happen- 
ed to Burgess, according to 
testimony, was a notice- 
arriving on his honeymoon- 
informing him of his induction 
on Nov. 12, 1971. 

Burgess' draft board, (Local 
No. 1, Smithtown, N.Y.), 
claimed that it sent him a 
notice by regular mail April 



tion through coursework at 
the State University of New 
York and Villa Maria College. 
The mother of two daughters 
and two sons, this totally com- 
mitted lady has served along 

GETS LOST - 
ARMY 

23, 1971 rescheduling his 
exam for June 30, 1971, so 
when he didn't show up, the 
board reclassified him 1-A. 
Burgess contended in court, 
however, that he never re- 
ceived the notice. 

Burgess tried to appeal, but 
was told by the board that 
nothing could be done, so he 
went ahead and submitted to 
induction because "I didn't 
want to get locked up." 

Once in the Army, Burgess 
continued to request appeals 
but was continually turned 
down. Finally, while stationed 
in Germany, Burgess hired an 
attorney and returned to the 
U. S. on temporary duty for a 
court appearance. 

Prosecutor Frederick 
Sinclair, Assistant U. S. 
Attorney, argued that Burgess 
should have appealed the in- 
duction administratively 
through the System, rather 
than taking the case to court; 
Judge Poos, however, ruled 
that the draft board had a 
duty to send the notice by cer- 
tified mail or at least obtain 
proof that Burgess had re- 
ceived the notice. 



MRS. LAURA A. HOWARD 



with her husband as President 
of her daughter's school PTA 
and as an officer in the 
Western District PTA, and 
presently works on her local 
PTA Executive Board. 



Good Idea 

Reaps 

Dividends 

Mrs. Marlene H. Tanner, 
Executive Secretary of Local 
Board No. 32, Lexington, 
South Carolina, has hit the 
jack pot with her idea for pre- 
addressed envelopes for mail- 
ing OCR forms. Since her 
suggestion was adapted for 
nationwide application and 
resulted in substantial savings 
in the time and effort required 
to address envelopes, Mrs. 
Tanner has been awarded 
$200.00 for her idea. 

Mrs. Tanner recognized that 
each local board in the coun- 
try was addressing envelopes 
manually for mailings of SSS 
Forms 2 and 1 10. When it was 
found that there were approxi- 
mately 150,000 mailings of 
the forms from local boards 
each year, it was easy to see 
that this amounted to a sizable 
effort throughout the System. 
Mrs. Tanner suggested that the 
OCR form mailing envelopes 
be pre-addressed to eliminate 
this time consuming and 
tedious task. 

State Directors have now 
been advised to purchase these 
special envelopes, and congrat- 
ulations are in order for Mrs. 
Tanner for her fine effort at 
improving the System. 



Convicted 
Felon Faces 
a Hassled 
Life 

Conviction on criminal 
draft evasion, a felony, may 
carry ramifications throughout 
a young man's life far more 
severe in effect than the possi- 
ble five years in prison and a 
$10,000 fine (maximum) im- 
posed at the time of sentenc- 
ing. 

To quote from the 
Virginia Law Review, 
March 1967: "In most 
states a felony conviction 
is a ground for per- 
manent d isenf ranch ise- 
ment. Legislatures have 
also denied public office, 
positions of public trust 
and jury service to any- 
one with such a record. 
Moreover, statutes regu- 
lating professions or 
occupations may prevent 
the felon from qualifying 
as a chiropodist, en- 
gineer, liquor salesman, 
physician, private de- 
tective, real estate agent, 
or veterinarian. Other 
statutes give licensing 
authorities the discretion 
to exclude felons from 
architecture, barbering, 
nursing, and pharma- 
cology." 

Additionally, statutes pro- 
vide for the disbarment of 
attorneys and revocation of 
medical and dental and other 
professional licenses on con- 
viction. A felony conviction 
also serves as a concrete 
ground for divorce. 

Still other statutes affect 
property rights and the ability 
to contract and sue and de- 
fend, with some states compel- 
ling registration with desig- 
nated officials for previous 
convictions. 



w ^ 




Former Utah 
State 
Director 
Dies 

Col. Evan P. Clay, State 
Director of Utah from 1958 to 
1968, passed away at 61 on 
January 17, 1973 at the VA 
Hospital in Salt Lake City. 

A retired USAF member. 
Col. Clay was a native of 
Bountiful, Utah, where he re- 
sided at the time of his death. 

After attending Utah State 
University and the University 
of Utah, he was originally 
commissioned in the Coast 
Artillery Corps, and served 
with the Army in WW2. Separ- 
ating from the latter service in 
1948, he transferred into the 
Air Force, from which he re- 
tired in 1968 on total dis- 
ability. 

In 1969 Col. Clay was 
awarded both the Selective 
Service Distinguished Service 
Award and the U. S. Air Force 
Legion of Merit. 

Col. Clay is survived by his 
wife, Mrs. Maurice Clay, and 
two daughters and two sons. 
Mrs. Clay's address is: 1156 
Oakridge Lane, Bountiful, 
Utah 84010. 



Equal Employment 
Opportunity Awards 
Announced 



To help Selective Service re- 
cognize outstanding achieve- 
ments in the field of equal 
employment opportunity 
(EEO), National Headquarters' 
Acting EEO Director, Mrs. 
Sylvia E. Rosemergy and the 
State Directors' EEO Com- 
mittees have initiated three 
new categories of awards: 

NATIONAL SUPERVIS- 
ORY AWARD- 

Any supervisor in the 
System will be eligible, 
no matter at what level. 
There will be a winner 
and runner-up in this 
category. 
STATE AWARD- 

This will recognize all 
employees in a particular 
state. There will be a 1st, 



2nd, and 3rd p| 
winner in this categi 
EMPLOYEE AWARD- 
Any non-supervis 
employee in the Sys' 
is acceptable. Only 
winner here. 

The deadline for nc 
tions is April 1, 1973. 

The awards will be pi 
ally presented by Actin 
rector Byron V. Pepitoi 
the National Awards 
Ceremonies in Washin 
D.C., tentatively schedule 
June of this year. Furth< 
tails, including exampk 
performance criteria, wi 
forthcoming soon in lettt 
all State Directors and Se 
Center Administrators. 



State Directors Give and Take 
on Standby Setup 



The makeup and function- 
ing of Selective Service during 
FY 1974 was the main thrust 
of business when 53 State Di- 
rectors met for their confer- 
ence in Baltimore Feb. 1-3, 
and advised Acting Director 
Byron Pepitone on potential 
procedures during the coming 
standby situation. 

The purpose of this confer- 
ence was "involvement" of the 
Directors in the standby plan- 
ning that may drastically 
affect their states. 

The State heads, along with 
some National Headquarters 
employees, spent the first two 
days of the conference in 
working committee sessions 
reviewing staff papers and 
initiating new or modified pro- 
posals. The third day involved 



the presentation of final 
mittee reports for cor| 
ation by the whole bod 
Directors. 

The 53 SSS Directors 
also briefed on budget 
manpower limitations in 
1974 and on allocation rei 
mendations by Presi 
Nixon's Office of Managei 
and Budget and the Nati 
Security Council. 

Standby areas studied 
State Director commi 
included Operations, 
sonnel Resources, Uncom 
sated Personnel, the C 
mittee on Registrant Relal 
(PIO), Contingency Plant 
Collocation and Conso 
tion, Administration and 
spection Services, and Res 
Mobilization Forces. 



Use of funds (or printing of this publication 


pproved by the D.rec 


tor of 


the Bureau ol the Budget. August 7. 1968. 












Headquarter; and other components of the SeJ 


etive Service System 










as modifvm.1 or enlarq.n.j ^rovis.ons of the W 




1967, 


or any Other acts of Congress. 






C umcanons should be addressed t 


: Office of Public 




mat ion, National Headquarters. Selective Sen; 


ce System 1724 F < 




N.W,, Washington. D.C. 20402--pr.ee 10 cents 


(single copy). Subscr 




Price: SI .00 per year; 25 cents additional for f 


3 reign mailing. 






WASHINGTON. D. C. 



MARCH 1973 



Selecliue Service MEWS 



ifth Annual Draft Lottery Held in Washington 



the national network movie 
as whirring and the press re- 
jotting away, Selective Serv- 
nducted its fifth annual draft 
March 8 at the Commerce 
ftment Auditorium in Wash- 
i, D.C. The young men re- 
g lottery numbers, those turn- 
» in 1973 and 20 in 1974, will 
ice the prospect of induction 
:he Armed Forces, the first 
his has happened since 1947. 

Secretary of Defense an- 
ed January 27 that there 
be no draft calls the first six 
is of 1973, and the Admini- 
in has said that an extension 
ft induction authority, sched- 




uled to end July 1 .this year, will 
not be requested from Congress. 

In his opening remarks, Acting 
Director Byron Pepitone said all 
men given RSNs 95 and below - 
about 500,000 - would form a 
readily inductable pool that would 
be fully classified except for pre- 
induction exams; those men with 
RSNs of 96 and above will remain 
in 1-H. 

To provide our nation with the 
capability of quickly resuming in- 
ductions in case of national emer- 
gency, Mr. Pepitone said that Selec- 
tive Service must be maintained on 
a standby basis with young men 
fully aware of their responsibilities 
to register at 18. He also warned 



that an all-volunteer force is a 
peacetime goal. . . In a national 
emergency, and a corresponding 
buildup of the military forces, a 
resumption of inductions would 
probably be necessary." 

The actual lottery proceedings 
took about two hours. Two plexi- 
glas drums were used, one contain- 
ing the 365 dates of the year, and 
the other containing the numbers 1 
through 365. The numbers and 
dates were drawn and matched by 
four young people from various 
parts of the country, and the pro- 
ceedings were monitored and re- 
sults certified by three official 
observers. 







1974 Random Sequence Lottery Drawin 


9 Calendar 






IAN 


FEB 


MAR APR 


MAY JUN 


JUL 


AUG SEP 


OCT 


NOV DEC 




98 


233 


067 


209 


361 


187 


144 


062 


068 


032 


165 


044 


1 


'50 


054 


347 


085 


211 


297 


359 


235 


077 


325 


057 


039 


2 


1 20 


133 


193 


261 


017 


063 


293 


082 


028 


105 


284 


025 


3 


)93 


150 


174 


005 


278 


095 


207 


286 


252 


146 


037 


118 


4 


527 


283 


024 


145 


201 


319 


022 


002 


349 


121 


111 


332 


5 


)41 


199 


217 


363 


155 


127 


015 


012 


113 


147 


346 


030 


6 


130 


047 


269 


210 


183 


159 


242 


237 


168 


175 


123 


008 


7 


)34 


291 


196 


266 


089 


179 


090 


035 


257 


148 


107 


038 


8 


176 


103 


289 


114 


139 


194 


212 


020 


094 


245 


356 


362 


9 


>48 


305 


075 


069 


290 


130 


171 


357 


307 


308 


026 


011 


10 


202 


219 


255 


106 


348 


345 


073 


006 


288 


241 


279 


156 


11 


112 


190 


125 


229 


355 


137 


247 


188 


271 


267 


142 


108 


12 


185 


031 


274 


246 


131 


312 


072 


181 


110 


109 


300 


128 


13 


B0 2 


224 


275 


029 


081 


256 


324 


112 


200 


045 


143 


301 


14 


182 


097 


180 


100 


295 


287 


227 


326 


268 


157 


222 


040 


15 


158 


186 


281 


221 


163 


334 


042 


350 


352 


066 


276 


204 


16 


296 


270 


129 


322 


070 


342 


061 


161 


320 


051 


303 


360 


17 


117 


080 


192 


351 


223 


333 


344 


050 


099 


119 


304 


092 


18 


315 


339 


197 


153 


046 


087 


336 


101 


055 


365 


027 


364 


19 


280 


213 


330 


122 


104 


262 


285 


298 


141 


294 


056 


292 


20 


136 


178 


013 


098 


311 


231 


138 


282 


135 


167 


313 


249 


21 


225 


329 


173 


331 


132 


232 


116 


048 


240 


126 


083 


317 


22 


263 


102 


018 


115 


253 


340 


084 


169 


234 


076 


341 


258 


23 


299 


091 


236 


170 


184 


214 


016 


206 


216 


309 


218 


191 


24 


323 


064 


260 


162 


014 


220 


096 


358 


306 


004 


074 


328 


25 


336 


336 


203 


244 


265 


033 


316 


079 


088 


009 


058 


049 


26 


205 


149 


124 


215 


337 


001 


195 


086 


166 


239 


134 


254 


27 


323 


151 


010 


177 


318 


071 


152 


208 


354 


189 


060 


338 


28 


307 




003 


172 


321 


228 


238 


251 


065 


052 


343 


043 


29 


353 




021 


264 


243 


059 


154 


310 


314 


053 


160 


226 


30 


259 




273 




019 




078 


140 




277 




164 


31 


JAN 


FEB 


MAR APR 


MAY JUN 


JUL 


AUG SEP 


OCT 


NOV 


DEC 






From the Acting Director 

Excerpt From the Statement of Acting Director Byron Pepitone 
at the Fifth Annual National Draft Lottery on March 8, 1973: 



Today, we are conducting our fifth 
annual Lottery drawing. I am very 
pleased to be able to announce 
that, for the first time since the 
institution of the Lottery System in 
1969, none of the young men who 
will receive lottery numbers today 
face the certainty of induction into 
the armed forces. Indeed, for the 
first time since 1947 — twenty-six 
years ago — our nation now is rely- 
ing totally on volunteers to provide 
manpower for the armed forces. 

On July 1st of this year, the 
President's general induction 
authority will expire. There are no 
plans by the Administration to seek 
an extension of the general induc- 
tion authority from Congress. Fur- 
ther, although there remains the 
authority to induct men through 
June, the Department of Defense 
has announced that there will be no 
draft calls for this period. 

The Department of Defense is 
optimistic about maintaining the 
armed forces with volunteers. But it 
must be pointed out that the "all- 
volunteer force" goal is a peacetime 
goal, with a level of military man- 
power considerably below both the 
Korean and Vietnam periods. In a 
national emergency, and a corres- 
ponding buildup of the military 
forces, a resumption of inductions 
probably would be necessary. If 
this emergency occurred after July 
1st, Congressional restoration of 
the general induction authority 
would be necessary; and, in order 
to provide our nation with the 
capability to quickly resume induc- 
tions in the event of an emergency, 
the Military Selective Service Act 
requires that the Selective Service 
System be maintained on a "stand- 



by" basis. 

In terms of interest to the 
young men in our country, this 
legal requirement means that they 
must continue to register for the 
draft at age 18, that they will get a 
lottery number during the calendar 
year of their 19th birthday, and 
that they will form a "readily in- 
ductable pool" of manpower for 
possible induction should an emer- 
gency arise during the calendar year 
of their 20th birthday. 

Today's Lottery will assign 
numbers to the birth dates of all 
young men who turn 19 in 1973. 
Men getting lottery numbers this 
year will not be vulnerable to in- 
duction until the year they turn 20 
. . . that is, 1974. 

The youngest man who will get 
a lottery number today turned 18 
on December 31, 1972. The oldest 
man celebrated his 19th birthday 
on January first. 

A portion of those men receiv- 
ing lottery numbers today will be 
classified by Selective Service so 
that they could be immediately 
processed for induction following a 
restoration of the induction author- 
ity. Men who receive lottery num- 
bers of RSN 95 and below will 
form this "readily inductable 
pool". These men will be fully 
classified by local Selective Service 
boards except for physical examina- 
tions. This means that they will be 
able to receive full consideration 
for deferments and exemption re- 
quests and will be able to exercise 
their procedural rights to personal 
appearances and appeals. 

Those men with RSNs of 96 and 
above will not be classified by local 
boards. They will be placed in hold- 



ing category 1-H. Of course, in the 
event of an emergency, their classi- 
fications out of 1-H would take 
place following the restoration of 
the general induction authority. 
Upon their registration at age 18, 
these men were classified 1-H — an 
administrative holding classification 
— and they will remain in that 
classification — unless they are 
needed for the armed forces at 
some future date. 

Both these men and their peers 
who will receive lower lottery num- 
bers and will form the "readily in- 
ductable pool" are primarily vulner- 
able to the draft for the calendar 
year of their 20th birthday — that 
is, 1974. If they are not needed 
during 1974, their place will be 
taken by men who are one year 
younger who also will be primarily 
vulnerable for the calendar year of 
their 20th birthday, or 1975. 
Although men can be inducted 
after the year of their 20th birth- 
day, the possibilities of this occur- 
ring are extremely remote. 

As I'm sure you recognize, the 
Selective Service does not instantly 
produce military manpower. Our 
national defense structure relies on 
a three-tiered defense system. The 
active-duty military is the first line; 
the Reserve and National Guard 
forces are the second, and augmen- 
tation by manpower produced 
through Selective Service is the 
third. In the event of a national 
emergency, the President will rely 
first on the active military forces. If 
a protracted difficulty seems evi- 
dent and adequate numbers of 
volunteers are not stepping for- 
ward, he then will ask Congress for 
the authority to start inducting 




young men so that within 
months, the active and R 
forces can be supplemented 
men who will become trainee 
tary manpower. 

We, of course, hope that tf 
tion will never again find itsei 
position where the employmi 
our military forces is necessar) 
we must be prepared for any 
tuality. This is why the Seh 
Service System will continue. 

I think most young Ame\ 
and their parents can respec 
understand the necessity fo, 
continued operation of the I f 
five Service System. We mui 
fend those freedoms that w 
cherish so much . . . the freede 
choice, and the freedom to liv 
lives in the manner we choose 
no freedom exists without m 
ual responsibility. In the case c 
nation, the freedom we ha 
guaranteed and backed up b) 
defense posture. This posture 
provide and guarantee those 
tional values we cherish on) 
long as each individual A me 
upholds his responsibilities t 
the law. 

Byron V. Pep 



Florida Exec. Secretary Launches High— Powered Promo Campai 



Countering the possible public 
ignorance of registration respon- 
sibilities that may accompany the 
phase-out of the draft, Ms. Laura D. 
Hooker, Executive Secretary of 
Local No. 41, Fort Myers, Florida, 
launched a full-scale public infor- 
mation program in late January and 
early February that included: 
One radio talk show; 



One television appearance; 

News releases hand-carried to 
five high schools and one 
area vocational school; 

News releases and booklets 
mailed to four more high 
schools; 

News releases mailed to six 
area radio stations; 



News releases mailed to eight 
daily and weekly news- 
papers; 

News releases also mailed to 
five local board members 
and two area registrars. 

As of February 9, Ms. Hooker 
believes that the local publicity has 
been beneficial, in that her board 



registered 162 men in the pi 
January 10 through February 
41 above December 1972 regi 
tions. 63 of these new registr 
Ms. Hooker reports, were bor 
1954 — some of them were se 
months late registering. Many i 
trants said they were made awa 
their draft duties through 
Hooker's publicity fusillade. 



item Comptroller Aids Relief Activities in Nicaraguan Disaster 



uillermo Belt was desperate, 
ector of Field Operations for 
Drganization of American 

(a political and economic 
of South and Central 
an ambassadors), he was re- 
ale for short-wave communi- 

between OAS World Head- 
rs in Washington, D.C. and 
^S representative in the earth- 
torn Nicaraguan capital of 
— but it was found out 
e that while the radio equip- 
at OAS Washington Head- 
Irs was working, the antenna 
the capability to reach that 
n Central American country. 
in the first confused days 



after the Managua catastrophe, was 
a potentially serious situation, since 
breakdown in communication lines 
could possibly have impeded the 
coordination of rescue and relief 
efforts. 

Grasping at straws. Dr. Belt 
turned to his neighbor Captain 
Donald Russell, National Head- 
quarters Comptroller, and asked if 
Russell's son Jeff, a ham radio oper- 
ator, would take a look at the 
dysfunctioning OAS radio station. 

On hearing Dr. Belt's plight, 
Capt. Russell remembered that 
there was an old radio antenna on a 
building top across the street from 
National Headquarters — left over 



from the days of the now-defunct 
Selective Service Radio Network — 
and he proceeded to get approval to 
loan out the antenna from Mr. John 
Dewhurst, Assistant Deputy 
Director, Administration. 

Since time was of the essence, 
however, and the crane operation 
necessary to move the antenna was 
found to be too long and involved, 
Capt. Russell sought help for OAS 
from Admiral Sam Gravely, Direc- 
tor of Naval Communications, who 
in turn referred the crisis to Captain 
Robert L. Thorson, Deputy Com- 
mander of the Naval Communica- 
tions Command. Capt. Thorson im- 
mediately ordered out a working 



rmer Selective Servicer Heads Hiring in 
tion's Capitol 



l/lildred Duckwilder, veteran 

years service with the Selec- 
Service System, has been 
ited Associate Personnel Di- 

for Washington, D.C. In her 
osition, she will monitor city 

ment hiring and promotion 
omen and minority group 
ers. 

will be responsible for estab- 
I a new "Municipal Executive 
jte" for training employees in 
e management positions, and 
maintain a comprehensive 
n's occupational file to aid 
ring and promotion of women 

Washington government. 



Entering the System for the first 
time in 1942 as an occupational 
clerk, Mrs. Duckwilder worked 
until 1946. She rejoined the Wash- 
ington area SSS around 1950 and 
spent the next ten years "doing 
something of everything," including 
service as assistant to the 
coordinator for four local boards. 

In 1960 Mrs. Duckwilder went 
to work for the Administrative 
Division at National Headquarters, 
functioning as head of the nation- 
wide Incentive Awards Program un- 
til her departure from the System 
in August, 1969. 

A native of Wilmington, North 




Carolina, Mrs. Duckwilder attended 
North Carolina College. 



pitone's Nomination Confirmed by Senate 



ent Nixon's nomination of 
Pepitone for Director of 
ive Service was approved by 
J.S. Senate March 26, after 
gs on Mr. Pepitone's qualifi- 
is before the Senate Armed 
es Committee three days 

his appearance at the hearings 
Pepitone fielded questions 
ng a wide spectrum of im- 
nt topics concerning the func- 
ig of our System. 
F particular significance was an 
nge between Mr. Pepitone and 
William Saxbe (R-Ohio) con- 
ig Selective Service Reserve 



Forces. Sen. Saxbe felt that our 
earmarked military personnel were a 
valuable reservoir of trained people 
who would be particularlyimportant 
if the System returned to active 
status, and he voiced the Commit- 
tee's concern that they not be lost. 
Mr. Pepitone responded that he 
couldn't agree more that the Re- 
serves were the most critical part of 
the System's ability to respond to 
an emergency, and added that al- 
though the total number of Re- 
serves will be reduced from 1,000 
to 850, there are no plans to reduce 
below this latter number, or reduce 
the payments of these people be- 



yond Category-A status (48 pay 
drills, two weeks active duty 
annually). 

In other testimony, the Director 
touched on: 

1. The necessity of continuing 
Selective Service until the 
Volunteer Army has time to 
be tested. 

2. System responsibilities in a 
zero-draft environment. 

3. Financial requirements 
($55 million) and manpower 
requirements (4,200 people) 
for Fiscal Year 1974. 

continued on page 4 



party of Navy men who worked all 
day and into the night moving the 
OAS radio station to Dr. Belt's 
office and installing a new Navy 
antenna. By 10 PM, the OAS oper- 
ators in Washington and Managua 
finally heard each other speak and a 
vital communication link was 
opened. 

On January 23, 1973, Capt. 
Russell received a letter from Galo 
Plaza, Secretary General of OAS, 
which read in part: 

". . . May I express my deep 
appreciation of your contribution, 
which greatly facilitated the relief 
activities undertaken by the 
General Secretariat in 
Nicaragua. . .". 

Pepitone Defends 
System Budget 
on Capitol Hill 

Acting Director Byron Pepitone 
went before the House Appropria- 
tions Subcommittee on Housing 
and Urban Development, Space, 
Science, Veterans and other Inde- 
pendent Agencies February 27 to 
undergo Congressional scrutiny on 
the SSS budget allocation and 
System progress toward an effective 
standby role. 

By Mr. Pepitone's side at the 
open hearings were four other Na- 
tional Headquarters officials who 
provided him technical assistance in 
explaining our Administration- 
approved budget: Mr. Samuel 
Shaw, Legislation and Liaison Offi- 
cer; Captain Donald Russell, Comp- 
troller; Mr. Carroll Phillips, Budget 
Manager; and Mr. Steven Felsen- 
stein, Management Intern-Budget 
Analyst. 

In fulfilling their purpose of ex- 
amining justification for the Sys- 
tem's proposed budget of $55 
million, the Appropriations Sub- 
committee explored the on-going 
collocation program and plans for 
handling of employees. "I was im- 
pressed by the concern and care 
shown by the Subcommittee mem- 
bers for Selective Service em- 
ployees, and by their interest in 
what we were saying," comments 
Mr. Shaw. He feels, however, there 
continued on page 4 




PICTURED ABOVE, RIGHT. IS MR. RONALD KNISS, A 1-W WHO WAS 
RECENTLY CHOSEN OVER APPROXIMATELY 2,000 FELLOW WORKERS AS 
"EMPLOYEE OF THE YEAR - 1972" AT EVANSTON HOSPITAL, EVANSTON, 
ILLINOIS. IN A LETTER OF COMMENDATION TO MR. KNISS, ACTING 
DIRECTOR BYRON PEPITONE SAID: "...YOUR PERFORMANCE OF YOUR 
DUTIES IN SUCH A MANNER AS TO MERIT THIS DISTINCTION REFLECTS 
GREAT CREDIT, NOT ONLY ON YOURSELF BUT ALSO ON THE SELECTIVE 
SERVICE SYSTEM AND THE ALTERNATE SERVICE PROGRAM..." MR. 
KNISS BEGAN HIS ALTERNATE SERVICE CAREER AS A PAYROLL CLERK 
AT THE HOSPITAL ON SEPTEMBER 13, 1971. THE TWO GENTLEMEN NEXT 
TO RON ARE: (LEFT) MR. MARTIN DREBIN, DIRECTOR OF FINANCE AT 
EVANSTON HOSPITAL, AND (CENTER) MAJOR JAMES R. McCARTER, 
ASSISTANT CHIEF OF THE CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR SECTION, ILLINOIS 
STATE HEADQUARTERS. 



proud to be a Selective Service registrar 



Lt. Col. Edward G. Pagano, Alaska 
State Director, was recently heart- 
ened to read a short letter from 
Mrs. Clara M. Tall, a System 
Registrar operating out of Local 
Board No. 5 in Nome. A seven-year 
SSS veteran, Mrs. Tall registers 



young men in her home town of 
Chevak, Alaska — a social grouping 
in the northwestern part of the 
state near the Bering Sea. Chevak is 
so isolated its only access is by 
airplane. Anyway, here's Mrs. Tail's 
poignant note: 



"Dear Edward, 

I am very proud to be a Selective Service 
Registrar. Please feel free to ask for my help. 
Sometimes young boys ask me what Selec- 
tive Service is. 

If possible, I'd like you to send me a 
poster where they can register, and the paper telling 
how they can register. Maybe this way they will 
understand what Selective Service is. . . 
Anyway, I m always proud to wear that little 
medal I got from Selective Service. 
Hope you will have a good year. 

Sincerely, 

Mrs. Clara M. Tall 



Pepitone Urges Draft Evaders to Ch 
Status — They May Be Surprised! 



Young men who think they may be 
guilty of a violation of the Military 
Selective Service Act can check out 
their status by asking the State 
Director of the state in which they 
registered, says Acting Director 
Byron Pepitone. 

There are probably some men, he 
added, who have hidden in the U.S. 
or even left the country to avoid 



the draft but who are not vl 
by authorities. 

Mr. Pepitone said he had n 
to estimate how many mer, 
sider themselves draft evade 
are not. This group — whf 
eludes men who went to 
with friends who actually w 
sisting the draft — can verify 
position by checking their re 



Pepitone Nomination Confirmed 

continued from page 3 

4. The difficulty of retaining local 
board members in a standby 
status. 

5. The decision not to give pre- 
induction physicals at this time 
for members of the "readily in- 
ductable pool." 

6. The importance of maintaining 
the Berry Plan for drafting 
doctors. 

7. The effectiveness of the lot- 
tery system. 

Members of the Senate Armed 
Services Committee include John C. 
Stennis (D-Miss.) chairman; Stuart 
Symington (D-Mo.); Henry Jackson 
(D-Wash.); Sam Ervin (D-N.C); 
Howard Cannon (D-Nev.); Thomas 
Mclntyre (D-N.H.); Harry Byrd, Jr. 
(D-Va.); Harold Hughes (D-lowa); 
Sam Nunn (D-Ga.); Strom 
Thurmond (R-S.C); John Tower 
(R-Texas); Peter Dominick (R- 
Colo.); Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz.); 
William Saxbe (R-Ohio); and 
William Lloyd Scott (R-Va.). 

On April 2, Mr. Pepitone will be 
officially sworn in as Director of 
Selective Service by former Direc- 
tor Curtis W. Tarr, who is currently 
serving as Under Secretary of State 
for Coordinating Security 
Assistance Programs. 



I 



Pepitone Defends System 
continued from page 3 

is no way to predict how Ca 
will eventually vote on Se| 
Service appropriations for 
Year 1974. 

The House Appropriation! 
committee is chaired by 
Edward Boland (D-Mass.) ai 
membership includes: Joe 
(D-Tenn.); George Shipley ([ 
J. Edward Roush (D-lnd.); fl 
Tiernan (D-Tenn.); Bill Cha * 
Jr. (D-Fla.); Robert Giaim< 
Conn.); Burt Talcott (R-C 
Joseph McDade (R-Pa.); W 
Scherle (R-lowa); and Earl 
(R-N.C). 

Mr. Pepitone will appear b 
the Senate Approprial 
Subcommittee on May 2. 



"We Don't Handle That in 
Department" Department 

Melva Cicero, a telephone o 
tor receptionist at the Cuya 
County local boards site in C 
land, Ohio, regretfully informe 
eager young man of ten yean 
less that the "Draft Board" clj 
not tell him who the Clev«fy 
Browns first draft choice was 
va referred him to the news mh 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by the Director o1 
the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information between National 
Headquarters and other components of the Selective Service System as well 
3S the general public. However, nothing contained herein may be accepted 
as modifying or enlarging provisions of the Military Selective Act of 1967, 
or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Office of Public Infor 
mation, National Headquarters, Selective Service System 1724 F Street 
N.W., Washington, D.C. 20402--price 20cents (single copy). Subscription 
Price: $ 2.00 per year; 50 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



*U. S. Government Printing Office: 1973-784-164/9 Reg 




WASHINGTON, D.C. APRIL/MAY 1973 



Selecliue Service MEWS 







OCUto Phn 



' C 'V/S 



Ulj O 7 



1973 

G.ei\JBRAL„LEWIS B. HERSHEY 
TS c BS3JOFTED FROM HIS 
SPECIAL ^PENTAGON RE- 
TIREMENT CEREMONY BY 
SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
ELLIOT RICHARDSON 
(RIGHT) AND MAJOR 
C.STUART PURVIANCE, PRO- 
TOCOL OFFICER TO THE 
DEFENSE SECRETARY 
(LEFT). GEN. HERSHEY'S RE- 
TIREMENT CAPS OFF MORE 
THAN 31 YEARS' SERVICE AS 
SELECTIVE SERVICE DIREC- 
TOR AND AS ADVISOR TO 
PRESIDENT NIXON ON MAN- 
POWER MOBILIZATION. 



REWELL TO GENERAL HERSHEY 



ieral Lewis Blaine Hershey, 
jse from an Army National 
private to four-star general as 
>r of Selective Service for 29 
retired on March 27, 1973. 
to his retirement, he was 
0§:a's oldest soldier on active 

the time of his retirement, 
il Hershey, 79, was serving as 

to President Nixon on 
wer Mobilization. His tenure 
rector of Selective Service 
ed from July 31, 1941 to 
try 16, 1970, a period 
ng six administrations. 

Hershey supervised the 
ition of more than 88 million 
nd the induction of nearly 1 5 
l. During World War II, he 
d the activities, at the peak, 
jly 200,000 paid and unpaid 
l employees who inducted up 



to 406,000 men in a single month. 
Gen. Hershey felt that the 
"Selective Service System is the 
best example in America of 
democracy in action," and he once 
said: 

"A society that hasn't got the 
guts to make people do what they 
ought to do doesn't deserve to 
survive. A democracy has to make 
people do things for their own 
good." 

Born on a farm near Angola, 
Indiana, on September 12, 1893, 
Gen. Hershey was descended from 
Swiss Mennonites who were 
opposed to war. After finishing 
high school he began teaching in 
Indiana country schools while 
concurrently pursuing studies at 
Tri-State College, Angola, which 
eventually led to his receiving 



IL SERVICE TO AID DISPLACED 
SYSTEM EMPLOYEES 

; Civil Service Commission has assured the Director that 
;ommission, both in the Washington office and the 10 
nal and 65 area offices, will work closely with Selective 
i|:e in finding new employment for displaced workers. 
- CSC officers have been advised of the RIF affecting Selec- 
Jervice and requested to enroll displaced SSS workers in 
SC Displaced Employee Program. The key element of the 
am is the priority consideration given displaced employees 
e any other Federal job candidate. 

addition, CSC officials are directed to give RIFed em- 
ies counsel concerning severance pay, retirement benefits, 

nemployment compensation. 



degrees of Bachelor of Science and 
Bachelor of Arts. Having earlier 
enlisted as a private in the Indiana 
National Guard (1911), Gen. 
Hershey left his graduate studies at 
the University of Indiana to serve as 
an officer with the American 
Expeditionary Forces in France 
during World War I. 

Returning from the "Great 
War", Gen. Hershey entered the 
Regular Army, attending the 
Command and General Staff School 
and graduating from the Army War 
College. 



In 1936, the then Major Hershey 
was assigned to Washington, D.C, 
as Secretary and Executive Officer 
of the Joint Army and Navy 
Selective Service Committee, which 
was studying and planning tor 
manpower procurement in the 
event of national emergency. On 
September 30, 1940, he was 
transferred from the Office of the 
Chief of Staff to the Executive 
Office post at Selective Service. He 
was appointed Deputy Director on 
December 19, 1940, and Director 
in 1941. 




MR. BYRON V. PEPITONE, CENTER, IS SWORN IN AS DIRECTOR OF THE 
SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM BY FORMER SSS DIRECTOR, DR. CURTIS W. 
TARR. THE NEW DIRECTOR'S WIFE, MAROLYNN, LOOKS ON. WELL- 
WISHERS CROWDED MR. PEPITONE'S OFFICE FOR THE CEREMONY WHICH 
FOLLOWED THE SENATE'S CONFIRMATION OF HIS NOMINATION AS 
SYSTEM DIRECTOR. 



From the Director 

AS A NEW ERA BEGINS 



The duties and responsibili- 
ties of the Director I assume 
with enthusiasm and a desire 
to justify the faith President 
Nixon has shown in appoint- 
ing me head of this most 
important Federal agency. I 
perceive my role as a challenge 
— to guide the System in a 
belt-tightening reorganization, 
which will leave SSS more 
streamlined and efficient, and, 
of course, ready to expand in 
case of a national emergency. 

As you know, our present 
standby plans call for us to 
continue registration, classifi- 
cation and the annual lottery. 
For the period commencing 
July first, I see no need for 
any changes in or modification 
to the existing Military Selec- 
tive Service Act that would 
affect these procedures. 

As part of the streamlining 
process, we will continue to 
perfect modern, automated 
management procedures — 
most notably the use of the 



Registrant Information Bank, 
which will enable us to 
quickly re-identify needed 
manpower in emergency situa- 
tions. Also, our need to speed- 
ily expand during a military 
emergency will necessitate a 
comprehensive and high- 
quality training program for 
both paid and unpaid System 
personnel, as well as for our 
National Guard and Reserve 
officers. 

As regards our local board 
situation, I believe that we 
have achieved local board 
makeup more representative 
of the ethnic mix served, with- 
out causing local boards to 
suffer from lack of member- 
ship or to be encumbered with 
unqualified people. During our 
standby status, however, there 
may be a problem in retaining 
interested local board mem- 
bers. I believe that we can 
solve this together. 

The greatest problem we 
will face after July first is in 



keeping young men informed 
of their responsibilities to 
register. To combat possible 
indifference in this area, we 
are preparing a publicity 
campaign aimed at those turn- 
ing eighteen. 

Looking ahead at the long- 
range future of our System, it 
is my firm belief — and I 
emphasized this in my con- 
firmation hearings before the 
Senate Armed Services Com- 
mittee — that Selective Service 
must be kept in existence to 
insure our national security. 
With the advent of the Volun- 
teer Army, we are embarking 
on a great social experiment 
that needs time in which to be 
tested. As I suggested to the 
Committee, there are probably 
close to 200,000 men in the 
military today who were 
either drafted or draft-moti- 
vated to enlist, and until these 
soldiers actually separate from 
the service and they are re- 
p laced with true 




volunteers, we will not ti 
"All Volunteer" force. 

Our fiscal year 1974 
by request of $55 mill 
really a very small inves\ 
and I feel that most inte 
Americans are willing i 
this premium for the insi 
of having in the backgrc 
highly dedicated groq 
skilled professionals, 
and able at a moment's 
to mobilize our nation's 
power in the defem 
freedom. 

Byron V. Pe] 



ALTERNATE SERVICE WORK PROGRAM 



All State Directors have been 
informed by the Director that he 
considers the administration of the 
1-W Program a major operational 
responsibility which will continue 
until 1975. At the present time, 
there are approximately 9,000 1-W 
registrants who are performing 24 
months of obligated alternate serv- 
ice in lieu of induction with more 
than 5,200 employers. 

At several recent meetings, 
representatives from those states 



with the largest number of 1-W 
registrants at work received orienta- 
tion on the requirements for the 
proper management of the pro- 
gram. 

Throughout the System, State 
Directors are now involved in a 
program whereby staff personnel 
are visiting 1-W employers to make 
certain that those registrants as- 
signed to alternate service are 
employed full-time and performing 
satisfactorily. 



Arrangements are being made to 
reassign immediately the limited 
number of Class 1-W registrants 
who are not performing satisfac- 
torily on an appropriate job. There 
are an adequate number of position 
vacancies to accommodate those 
needing reassignment. 

As a result of the cease-fire in 
Vietnam, many inquiries have been 
received about the possibility of 
being relieved from alternate service 
now. The 1-W registrants who are 



working now were the Cla 
counterparts of those Cla 
registrants inducted in 197 
1972. They are required to p 
24 months of civilian work 
of induction, whereas the CI 
registrants, who were in^ 
must serve 24 months 
military service. 






Changes in Top Management at National 



Several key shifts have 
taken place among the man- 
agement group at National 
Headquarters, underscoring 
the realignment of functions 
and streamlining of Selective 
Service. 

Mr. John D. Dewhurst has 
been elevated to become Act- 
ing Deputy Director. He 



formerly served as Assistant 
Deputy Director for Ad- 
ministration since September 
1970. 

Mr. Kenneth J. Coffey, 
Public Information Officer 
for Selective Service, is leav- 
ing the System in May. He 
plans to travel in Europe and 
publish a book after research- 



ing the comparative draft 
systems of more than a dozen 
countries. 

Mr. Daniel J. Cronin, 
former Assistant Deputy Di- 
rector for Operations, will 
also be leaving Selective 
Service in June for another 
position. 



Use of funds for printing of 
publication approved by 
Director of the Bureau of 
Budget, August 7, 1968. 



This monthly bulletin 
medium of information bettf 
National Headquarters and o 
components of the Selec 
Service System as well as 
general public. However, notl 
contained herein may be accej 
as modifying or enlarging 
visions of the Military Selec 
Service Act of 1967, as ameni 
or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should i 
addressed to: Office of Pu 
Information, National H 
quarters. Selective Serv 
System, 1724 F Street, N 
Washington, D.C., 20435. For 
by the Superintendent 
Documents, U.S. Governrr 
Printing Office, Washington, D 
20402 - price 20 cents (sil 
copy). Subscription Price: $2 
per year; 50 cents additional 
foreign mailing. 





L ST 

SOY 
PUTY 
IECTOR 
OINTED 

tORGIA 

the minds of many ante- 
romantics, Georgia woman- 
is best symbolized by some 
ah declah, suh" Scarlett 
-type, sitting prettily on a 
la surrounded by lilacs and 
lia trees, while she coyly sips 
julep. 

, there may be some Georgia 
still like this, languishing 
old plantation, but not Mrs. 
Flowers. A human symbol 
emerging "New South", Mrs. 
rs has served the Georgia 
ive Service in increasingly re- 
ble positions for 26 years, 
lating on March 1, 1973 in 
ipointment by Director Byron 
ne as Deputy State Director 
jorgia — the first lady ap- 
xi to such a high position in 
story of SSS. 

in Griffin, Georgia, and 
ited from high school in At- 
Mrs. Flowers began her Selec- 
ervice career at age 18 as an 
ded assistant clerk in a Fulton 
:y board. She took two years 
om SSS during World War II 
)rk for the Veterans Admin- 
on, and has spent her last 22 
serving Georgia State Head- 
ers as Chief, Classification and 
Division, Chief, Local Board 
itions and Classification Sec- 
and Manager, Operations 
on. 
her rise through the ranks. 
Flowers says she has found her 
gender to be very little 
cap, and for this she gives a 
3f credit to Georgia head- 
ers employees for their corn- 
acceptance of her. In dealing 
people outside the System, 
ver, the thoughtless request, 
int to talk to a man," is not 
miliar to her ears. To this she 
;ly retorts: "If you tell me 
problem and I can't help you, 
I'll let you talk to a man." 
ngely enough," Mrs. Flowers 




MRS. SARA J. FLOWERS IS CONGRATULATED BY GEORGIA GOVERNOR 
JIMMY CARTER (RIGHT) ON BEING APPOINTED DEPUTY DIRECTOR FOR 
THAT STATE. ON LEFT IS GEORGIA STATE DIRECTOR MIKE HENDRIX. 



reports, "women often object to 
me more than men." 

But any question of Mrs. 
Flowers' competence in Selective 
Service affairs would surely elicit an 
argument from anyone who's 
worked with her in the Georgia 
System. As Georgia State Director 
Mike Hendrix says: 

"She is personally known and 



RPM CHANGES 

The Registrants Processing 
Manual (RPM), prepared by 
the Operations Division to 
provide uniform guidance to 
all local boards, has emerged 
as a key working document 
since the release of the first 
chapters more than a year 
ago. 

Many factors have been in- 
volved in the evolution of the 
RPM. Regulation changes 
head the list. Another vital 
factor has been the feedback 
received from the field relat- 
ing to the everyday, practical 
application of the Manual. 
The Operations Division, Na- 
tional Headquarters, invites 
your continued comments 
and suggestions. Send them 
to your State Director. 

Three new chapters are 
soon to be released. Chapter 
622 (Classification Rules and 
Principles) and Chapter 628 
(Examination of Registrants) 
are temporarily delayed while 
recommended policy changes 
are being coordinated with the 
Department of the Army. 
Chapter 642 (Violators) will 
be re-issued when the General 
Counsel, and the Depart- 
ments of Justice and Defense 
complete their discussions on 
certain portions of this 
chapter. 



held in the highest esteem by all 
compensated personnel. Her out- 
standing ability, dedication, and 
knowledge of Selective Service 
operations is recognized, respected, 
and admired by all uncompensated 
personnel." 

Mrs. Flowers is married to L.W. 
Flowers, Jr., and they have three 
daughters and four grandsons. 




Catholic Cardinal 
Served on Puerto 
Rican Local Board 

Most Reverend Luis Cardinal 
Aponte, first Puerto Rican ever 
appointed Cardinal in the Roman 
Catholic Church, served our System 
as a local board member in the 
early 1950s. 

Cardinal Aponte, 50, Arch- 
bishop of San Juan, Puerto Rico at 
the time of his appointment as Car- 
dinal by Pope Paul VI, served as a 
member of Local Board Number 44 
at Maricao during the years 1952 
and 1953, until his appointment 
was terminated because of change 
in residence. con'tonpage4 



Schenectady, N.Y. 

Boasts First 

American 

Draft Call 

It's something of an historical 
irony that President Nixon ordered 
an end to U.S. draft calls almost to 
the day, 1 97 years ago, that the first 
formalized military "draft call" was 
issued in Schenectady, N.Y. 

It was on January 26, 1 776 that 
the Schenectady Committee of 
Correspondence, Safety and Protec- 
tion ordered the issuance of 
"Goretings" — the Dutch equiva- 
lent of "Greetings" — to all unen- 
listed males in the township, di- 
recting them to report on Feb. 10 
for the organization of their 
respective militia companies and the 
election of officers, reports an 
Albany newspaper. 

This draft action was an out- 
growth of the American Revo- 
lutionary War, declared against 
England the year before. Schenec- 
tady had organized other volunteer 
militia units before this time, but 
the Committee decided more men 
were needed. 

In 1777, Massachusetts and Vir- 
ginia also enacted military conscrip- 
tion laws to fight our war for inde- 
pendence, and in 1778, the Conti- 
nental Congress considered similar 
legislation for all 13 colonies when 
General George Washington wrote: 
"I believe our greatest and only aid 
will be derived by drafting, which I 
trust may be done by the United 
States." Washington's plea for a 
national draft call was not acted 
upon, however, because of France's 
entry in the war on the side of the 
Americans. 

In 1792, the nation's first Fed- 
eral Militia Law was enacted; it 
called for all able-bodied white, 
male citizens between 18 and 45 
years of age to enroll for military 
duty. No pay was provided and 
each draftee was expected to fur- 
nish his own musket in his state's 
militia. 

The War of 1812 with England 
saw a Federal military conscription 
act being considered, but it was not 
adopted. 

Congress resorted to the first full 
military draft on March 3, 1863 to 
fill the Union ranks for the Civil 
War, and World War I necessitated 
the nation's next full-scale military 
conscription on June 5, 1917, when 
con' t on page 4 



LETTERS TO THE STATE DIRECTOR 



Over the years, Colonel George 
Stewart, Illinois Deputy State 
Director, has collected choice ex- 
cerpts from letters sent to Illinois 
local boards and state headquarters. 
He published some of these in a 
recent issue of "Chats", the Illinois 
System newsletter. We thought 
they should be shared nationally. 
To wit: 




"I am writing to ask 
you to draft my hus- 
band into the Army. He 
is so dumb he don't 
appreciate being a civil- 
ian and don't deserve 
his freedom." 

"You can't turn me 
down. I've proposed to 
three girls, told my boss 
what I think of him and 
sold my car." 

"I want you to take my 
husband into the Army 
right now. He has run 
off with another 
floozie." 



"I want to repeal my 
son's classification. He is 
so stupid, he can't go 
nowhere by hiself cause 
he gets lost. I got 3 
other children whose 
stupid to." 

"Please don't put my 
husband in the Army. I 
didn't marry him for a 
good time or pleasure, 
but to support me and 
my parents." 
"I ain't gonna come. 
I'm too sweet and 
tender to fight." 
"I received your letter 
of Seduction and will 



be there on the 28th." 
"I don't think that I do 
good in Army. Can do 
more for country at 
home if you under- 
stand. Have 2 and 7/9 
children and you can 
rely on me to keep on 
doing good." 
"Please help me find 
my boyfriend who I 
haven't seen in two 
years. He has curly hair 
and blue eyes and is 
very handsome. He told 
me his name. was Smith. 
Please send me the 
addresses of all the 



local boards and 
camps in the count 
I can write and 
them too." 
"Please tell me fa 
can join up withdl 
red tape. I've ha< 
relief since my| 
band's project wa 
off." 

"Please send my 1 
form to fill out."l 
"I am very surprise 
hear that you br| 
my son as illiteraw 
is a dirty lie; I nfl 
his father one wl 
fore he was born.i 



TEXAS BOARD CHAIRMEN 

SUPPORT PRESIDENT 

ON AMNESTY 



In a recent letter to President 
Nixon, System Director Byron V. 
Pepitone conveyed the support of 
151 Texas local board chairmen for 
Mr. Nixon's stand against the grant- 
ing of amnesty to violators of the 
Selective Service Act. 

Mr. Pepitone was asked to 

SHOWING THE FLAG 

Sufficient American flags have 
now been procured and distributed 
to all State Headquarters to allow 
one to be displayed in each local 
board site in the country. A few 
locations may find it difficult to 
erect the nine foot standards in an 
eight foot office. Unfortunately, 
this was the smallest size available. 
The flag can either be displayed on 
the wall or the wooden pole can be 
shortened. 

COLLOCATION AHEAD 
OF SCHEDULE 

The System is ahead of schedule 
in reducing the number of local 
board administrative sites, accord- 
ing to the National Headquarters 
Plans and Analysis Division. The 
schedule set at the State Directors' 
conference in February called for 
the System to reduce from 2,700 
sites to 2,550 by June. Preliminary 
field reports indicate that by late 
April the System was down to less 
than 2,400 sites. The State Direc- 
tors' schedule calls for the System 
to be down to 1,700 sites by Sep- 
tember and further reduced to 925 
by the end of December. 



communicate this support of the 
President's policy when he met 
with the assembled chairmen on 
March 15 in Austin. The main pur- 
pose of the meeting — called by 
Texas State Director Melvin Glantz 
— was to brief System members on 
reorganization and collocation. 

Don't Unload That Excess Car 
or OCR Typewriter! 

State Directors have been ad- 
vised not to dispose of any excess 
autos or OCR optical scan type- 
writers that turn up after colloca- 
tion. National Headquarters wants 
to survey all auto needs nationwide 
to insure that dependable transpor- 
tation is on hand throughout the 
System. Overages in one state might 
very well be transferred to a state 
with shortages in reliable transport. 

A complete review of national 
needs for the optical scan type- 
writers will be made before any are 
disposed as excess. State Directors 
have been advised to report their 
OCR typewriter excesses to Na- 
tional Headquarters and retain 
them until overall System needs are 
determined. 

INVENTORY DEADLINE SLIPPED 

The Administrative Services Di- 
vision Manager at National Head- 
quarters has waived the 30 June 
requirement for an equipment in- 
ventory because of the collocation 
activities and disposal of excess sup- 
plies underway in all states. New 
deadline for equipment inventory 
is 31 December 1973. 



Form 3's Got You 
Puzzled? 

The Regulations require that a 
permanent record of Selective Serv- 
ice Form 3 (List of Registrants) be 
kept at each State Headquarters. 
Some states have encountered diffi- 
culties in acquiring storage when 
moving to new offices. The Na- 
tional Headquarters wishes to re- 
mind all State Directors that these 
and similar type records can be 
stored in regional Federal Records 
Centers and still be in compliance 
with our legal requirement for 
permanent retention. Complete in- 
formation for storing material in 
Federal Records Centers can be 
found in Federal Procurement Man- 
ual Regulations (FPMR) 
101-11.410-2. If State Directors 
desire any assistance in this matter 
they are invited to contact National 
Headquarters. 

HOW YOU UNLOAD THAT 
EXCESS PROPERTY 

An Administrative Services 
Letter to All State Directors now in 
all State Headquarters provides uni- 
form guidance for the disposal of 
excess property. The letter de- 
scribes procedures for transfer of 
property at State Headquarters and 
local sites to other Federal agencies. 
It also explains how to account for 
the equipment with GSA. An 
Administrative Services manual in- 
cluding a chapter on property man- 
agement will soon be issued by Na- 
tional Headquarters to provide 
broader guidance in this whole area. 



Renting New Office Sp 

A waiver of provisions oj 
Economy Act requiring cert 
tion before procurement oral 
office space for Federal agenciql 
been obtained by National H| 
quarters from the Office of II 
tary of the Army. This will H 
facilitate the collocation ofll 
local board administrative sinl 
eliminating a significant amol 
processing time for advertisim 
appraisal of property. State ■ 
tors are reminded of this in 
they encounter problems. 
Catholic Cardinal con 't from m 

Born in Lajas, Puerto Rico] 
eighth of eighteen children, 11 
nal Aponte attended public elel 
tary and high schools and reel 
his Bachelor of Arts degree frffl 
John's Seminary in Boston, M 
chusetts. After completing thffl 
cal studies at St. John's, ffll 
ordained as priest in April 1991 

Presently serving as PresiderJ 
the Board of Trustees of the Cat, 
lie University of Puerto Rico, II 
nal Aponte holds an hornl 
degree of Doctor of Law II 
Fordham University. 

Schenectady, N.Y. con't from pt 
all registered males were requffl 
register for possible calls to ser 1 
Selective Service as it n 
known was signed into law on 
tember 16, 1940, and in thn 
31 years drafted millions of yj 
men through thousands ofl 
boards — a scale of operations p 
ably undreamed of by that! 
Committee of Corresponds 
Safety and Protection inSche 
tady, N.Y., when they ordered! 
colonists to defend their new II 
as Americans 197 years ago. 



*U.S. Government Printing Office: 1973-784-16 5/10 Re 



^fr 



WASHINGTON, D. C. JUNE 1973 




Selective Seruice MEWS 



IVE SERVICE 
)NGRESS 

House Appropriations Sub- 
tee hearings this year on the 
; Service System were very 
N, according to the National 
rters Legislation and Liai- 
: . The basic attitude of the 
mittee recognized that the 
uires Selective Service to 
: to perform certain opera- 
id the Committee's main 
was seeing to it that the 
for the job was wisely and 
ically planned. 
House Subcommittee went 
!ry line item in the budget 
at care to insure that every 
i be spent was justified, 
subcommittee is continuing 
ngs for other Federal agen- 
its jurisdiction and these 
will not be completed 
early summer. At that 
he full Appropriations 
tee will act on the Subcom- 
i recommendations before 
the entire package to the 
a House vote. 

he Senate side, the results 
t in from the Senate hearings 
time. The Committee chair- 
snator Proxmire, is opposed 
ng the standby operation of 
ve Service, but the 1971 
ments which require a 
role for Selective Service 
fid in the Senate, and there 
b be substantial support for 
by role among Senators in 
If history is any guideline, 
nate deliberations on the 
take more time than the 
action. A full Senate vote is 
pected earlier than mid- 



V 



lere are differences between 

use and Senate versions, the 

go to a joint conference 

tee to work them out. 

those of you who wonder 

lective Service will pay its 

the 1974 budget is not 

sd by July 1st, it has been 

ctice for Congress to pass a 

lontinuing Resolution which 

t authorizes agencies of the 

government to continue 

ig at the same rate as the 

s year if their budget is not 

into law at the opening of 

al year. In cases where a 

request is lower than the 

; year, which is true for 

Year 1974 with Selective 

the agency involved must 

s spending to fit the lower 




Senator Hatfield greets director Byron V. Pepitone (seated in foreground) prior to 
the start of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee hearings on the Selective 
Service fiscal year 1974 budget. From the right on the panel preparing for the hearing 
sit Senator Mathias, Senator Proxmire, Staff Counsel, and Senator Chiles. 



LOCAL BOARD 
EMPLOYEES MAY SHED 
"STEPSISTER" STATUS 

A bill has been introduced in 
Congress to place all Selective Serv- 
ice System local board employees 
fully into the Civil Service System, 
ending an irritant to many person- 
nel at the local level. 

Technically, all local board em- 
ployees have full Civil Service bene- 
fits, pay, leave, insurance and retire- 
ment; but they are not on the 
General Schedule. This means em- 
ployees do not have the same ap- 
peal processes open to them for 
their job classifications as do regu- 
lar Civil Service employees. 

But, the difference stretches fur- 
ther than that. There is an intangi- 
ble "second-cousin" attitude that 
prevails about local board compen- 
sated personnel, especially if they 
apply for other Federal jobs. Eye- 
brows are raised by personnel offi- 
cers at other agencies who do not 
understand this special category of 
Federal employee. The result is a 
reluctance in some quarters to hire 
for fear they may have to employ 
special processing for the "SG" 
salaried employees of Selective 
Service, even though in fact they do 
not. 

The bill was introduced by Con- 
gressman David N. Henderson 
(D-N.C). National Headquarters 
Legislation and Liaison Officer 
Samuel Shaw reports that "the 
prospects for passage of the Hen- 
derson bill or similar legislation this 
year are pretty good". 



CLASSIFYING VETERANS 

"I completed active military 
service including a tour in Nam; 
why am I classified 1-D?", is fre- 
quently asked by veterans. 

Most veterans have completed 
two years of active duty, but they 
still have a Reserve obligation to 
round out six years' total service. 
After active duty discharge, they 
are transferred to a Reserve activity 
by their service and must complete 
their obligation in this status. 

While in the Reserves, veterans 
are under the jurisdiction of the 
armed services and for that reason, 
they are properly classified in Class 
1-D until they complete their six- 
year obligation. 



1 973 

CIVIL SERVICE 
EVALUATES SSS 

The Civil Service Commission 
has completed its evaluation of the 
Selective Service System and their 
overall reaction was complimen- 
tary. 

Their final report, forwarded to 
Byron V. Pepitone in May, dis- 
closed that the Civil Service graded 
our System high for its merit pro- 
motion policies, its overhaul of the 
old performance evaluation system, 
and its institution of training and 
dissemination of training modules. 

Three areas need more work, 
according to the Civil Service Com- 
mission review. The supervisory and 
management training program must 
be implemented. The equal employ- 
ment opportunity procedures must 
be spelled out more clearly and im- 
plemented nationwide. And, our 
own internal personnel manage- 
ment evaluation system must be 
put into effect. 

VERMONT STATE 
DIRECTOR APPLAUDS 
RED CROSS 

Lt. Colonel David Pinkham, Ver- 
mont State Director, presented the 
Chittenden County Chapter of the 
American Red Cross a certificate of 
appreciation signed by the Presi- 
dent, the Selective Service Director, 
the Governor of Vermont, and him- 
self. Between January 1969 and 
January 1973, the local chapter 
provided hospitality services at 
5:00 a.m. of coffee, doughnuts and 
a free copy of the morning paper to 
young men departing for the 
Armed Forces Examining and En- 
trance Station in Albany, New 
York. 



Registration By Mail Tested 



National Headquarters has fin- 
ished a pilot test of registration by 
mail in Michigan, Washington and 
Florida, and preliminary results 
look good. For example, an average 
of 700 registrations per week were 
accomplished in Michigan where 
forms were displayed in schools and 
public buildings. Young men filled 
in their names and addresses on 
cards and mailed them to the local 
boards. The boards, in turn, sent 
them the necessary forms for regis- 
tration, and the men filled them 
out and returned them. First results 
show that these men filled out the 
forms accurately and completely. 

In other test areas, young men 



picked up the Form 1 Registration 
Forms, filled them out, and mailed 
them to their local boards. The 
boards in turn, mailed them a 
Status Card. 

Final results of the pilot pro- 
gram have not been fully evaluated. 
The purposes of the test were to 
experiment with methods which 
may ease registration and to supply 
registrants with as much informa- 
tion and time necessary for proper 
registration. The display of posters 
and cards in public buildings also 
served to alert parents and all 
young men of their continuing legal 
responsibilities for registration. 






From The Director 



Our Local Board Members 



During World War II, a Gallup 
poll asked the American people this 
question: "Do you think the draft 
has been handled fairly in your 
community?" The "yes" vote was 
78 percent, with 80 percent of the 
men answering in the affirmative 
and 76 percent of the women. I cite 
this overwhelming support of the 
System's local board structure to 
emphasize a point which I firmly 
believe, strongly support and have 
often stated, both officially and 
publicly: The local board members, 
all uncompensated community 
leaders, arc truly the heart of the 
Selective Service System. 

1 know that many of our local 
board members do not feel as nec- 
essary now as they did when there 
were inductions, when a war was in 
progress. The fact is, however, that 
no job within the System today is 
nunc vital than that of a local 
hoard member. This has been true 
in the past, and continues to be 
true as we evolve into a standby 
organization. Only with functioning 
local boards can an effective stand- 
by System be maintained, and with 
this protection our country can 
face the uncertain future with rea- 
sonable assurance that we are better 
prepared for whatever may lie 
ahead. 

During my recent appearance 
before the Senate Appropriations 
Subcommittee, chaired by Senator 



Proxmire, I was questioned by one 
Senator as to our ability to main- 
tain a viable local board structure. 
He viewed it as next to impossible 
to keep citizens interested. I ex- 
plained that this is the biggest task I 
now face, retaining the interest of 
the local board members, and assur- 
ing that they have the knowledge to 
exercise the System fairly and im- 
partially so that it will be accept- 
able to the young men and their 
families. 

I told the members of the Sub- 
committee of the considerable time 
I have recently spent talking with 
local board members, all of whom 
are good, solid American citizens 
who volunteered for these jobs. I 
related how pleasant and reassuring 
it was to hear them express their 
willingness to serve their country in 
this capacity. As to the possible 
need for the System in the future, I 
referred to a conversation with 
some of the Senators just prior to 
the start of the hearing, remember- 
ing how in "the United States at 
Christmas 1945 we were convinced 
that we had fought our last war, 
that we would never again induct 
anyone, that no one would ever 
again come under hostile fire. Yet, 
five years later, many of us were in 
Korea. Just five years. 

All Americans should salute the 
System's local board membership. 
Many of these citizens continued to 



serve through the trying times in 
recent years when they were vic- 
tims of obstruction, confusion, and 
sometimes threats of physical harm. 
They deserve the highest praise and 
gratitude. Hopefully, they feel as I 
do— that their mission is vitally im- 
portant, worthy of their sacrifice, 
and of greatest importance to the 
young registrant whose future de- 
pends upon their dedication. 

Many local board members, in 
recent letters, have expressed their 
views on the current status of the 
Selective Service System and our 
reorganization plans. I value their 
opinions and have made it a prac- 
tice to personally reply to their 
letters. In many cases, their criti- 
cisms are directed at the collocation 
of the local boards. I attempt to 
explain the need for these actions, 
and the reduction in our paid per- 
sonnel, in order for us to operate as 
effectively as possible under the 
severe budget restraints levied upon 
us. I earnestly urge their support 
and understanding. 

Further, in my replies, I attempt 
to explain the efforts we are mak- 
ing to ease the burdens to the local 
board members caused by colloca- 
tion. Perhaps of primary impor- 
tance is the option granted for 
conducting board meetings at the 
new local board administrative site 
or in their own communities as in 
the past. 




As we continue to regis 
classify young men, the Iocs 
members' judgments renj 
greatest importance. Only 1 
the actions of the local boar< 
readily available manpower 
maintained foi a possible r 
emergency. 

Although I have singled 
local board membership as t 
ject of this column, it is i 
intention to ignore the impi 
of the other uncompi 
groups: the appeal board me 
the registrars, and the advi 
registrants. All play vital i 
assuring the success of the S 
I plan to devote future colli 
the men and women who are 
in these specialized capacities 
Byron V. PJ 



COMPUTER TO AID 
LAW ENFORCEMENT 

The computer at National Head- 
quarters will soon begin assisting 
the General Counsel in keeping an 
accurate inventory of Selective 
Service law cases. 

A Violator Inventory Monitoring 
System (VIMS) concept was de- 
signed by a Selective Service Re- 
serve officer. Colonel Frank H. 
Grubbs, on his two-week active 
duty assignment and is scheduled to 
go into operation on September 
1st. The program, which is pres- 
ently being developed and imple- 
mented by Lt. Colonel J. M. Cul- 
pepper, is a closed system which 
will provide detailed information 
on the status of each and every case 
being processed by Selective Service 
Regional Counsels and those in the 
hands of the U.S. Attorneys. 

Reports will enable the General 
Counsel, Regional Counsels and 
State Directors to be constantly 
aware of the magnitude of the 
problem of law enforcement and 
civil litigation so that immediate 
remedial action may be taken. 
Trends in late registration, for ex- 
ample, will be readily noticeable in 



a report that will provide the statis- 
tical distribution of late registrations 
by state and the number of days 
elapsed between the last fixed date 
for registration and the actual date 
a man registered. 

Another report will allow State 
Directors and Regional Counsels to 
monitor local boards' performance 
in reporting violations for late regis- 
tration. The number of days 
elapsed between notice of a viola- 
tion and reporting it to the Re- 
gional Counsel and State Head- 
quarters will be isolated. 

The workload at each Regional 
Counsel's office will be audited by 
a report showing the cases on hand 
in each office at the beginning of 
the month, the cases received, the 
cases disposed of, and the cases 
still on hand at the end of the 
month. A running account of cases 
returned from the U.S. Attorney to 
the Regional Counsel will also be 
kept. Cases referred to U.S. Attor- 
neys for action will be posted on a 
report that will show exactly where 
the case stands in the judicial 
process. 

Additional reports will disclose 
those cases reviewed by Regional 



Counsels and National Head- 
quarters, and returned to local 
boards for action, and will analyze 
trends in procedural errors com- 
mitted at the local board level, 
which will allow State Directors to 
take corrective action where 
warranted. 

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR 
PROGRAM STUDIES NEAR 
COMPLETION 

Conscientious objector work 
program managers and local board 
personnel will be aided in the near 
future by the completion of three 
studies by National Headquarters. 

Revision of Chapter 660 of the 
RPM (Alternate Service) to include 
more detailed instructions for the 
administration of the CO work pro- 
gram was completed in May and 
will be promulgated in the near 
future. This will provide states with 
detailed procedures for the manage- 
ment of their individual work pro- 
grams for alternate civilian service. 
The reason, of course, is to pro- 
mote uniformity by having stand- 
ard procedures and operations 
throughout the System. 



By early autumn, Nationa 
quarters will have completed 1 
study of Class 1-W registri 
Illinois. Aspects being examil 
the types of jobs, salaries 
types of employers, edii 
skills and background of thei 
entious objectors. The purp 
the study is to broaden our I 
jobs and potential employe 
use in the event draft ca| 
resumed in the future. If the] 
proves worthwhile, the plart 
develop a job bank at the Nl 
Computer Center. 

A training module for opei 
personnel throughout the Syi 
being written on the analysi 
conscientious objector claim, 
explore how to determine tl 
cerity of such, claims, and 
conform to the classificatk 
tions required under Chapte 
of the RPM (Classification 
scientious Objectors). 



GIA EMPLOYEE 
CS INFORMATION 
RAM 

tatewide public information 
m underway in Georgia 
by Mrs. Betty Brooks deni- 
es what can be done with a 
ormational "tools". 

Brooks personally con- 
high schools throughout 
i offering to speak on Selec- 
srvice. The results: in seven 
>, 236 presentations reaching 
30,000 students in 140 

n after an end to draft calls 
•nounced in January, Mrs. 
invited Executive Secre- 
to visit schools with her. 
egistered eligible men on the 
ter the formal program. Sub- 
tly, several schools invited 
:ive Secretaries for repeat reg- 
>n drives at their schools. 
. Brooks spotted an oppor- 
in the brochure, "But I 
it the Draft Had Ended?", 
it arrived at Georgia Head- 
's. She arranged to tape a 
minute public affairs show 
ie dialogue consisting simply 
script of the brochure. The 
3wer posed the questions 
d on the brochure, and Mrs. 
used the answers printed 

issues a weekly press release 
ing current changes in Selec- 
ervice law and regulations, 
suit: she's a "regular" in 100 
lewspapers. Her latest release 
hts Georgia's information 
m and volunteers speakers 
al engagements. 

:TIVE SERVICE TO 
ICIPATE IN FEDERAL 
^MATION CENTERS 

gle points of inquiry in 36 
n the nation have been estab- 
by the President to provide 
cation where citizens can deal 
their government. These are 
deral Information Centers. 

Selective Service System has 
nvited to participate in this 
m and will cooperate fully 
he General Services Adminis- 

who is the caretaker of the 

reover, a Washington Federal 
lation Center is being estab- 
to help citizens coming to 
apital for business with the 
nment. The center will pro- 
ersonalized assistance to call- 
analyzing their problems and 
nting the proper sources of 
lation. The basic intention is 
tail the endless chain of refer- 
'hich callers seeking govern- 
information have often exper- 

>taff member from National 
uarters has been assigned to 
with the GSA in establishing 



Employee Promotions Controlled During Cutback 



Controls on promotion through- 
out the System have been set up so 
all employees will be treated fairly 
during the period of cutback now 
underway. 

Positions scheduled to be abol- 
ished that become vacant prior to 
being abolished will not be filled. If 
a position that is not going to be 
abolished becomes vacant, however, 
it may be filled. 

In area offices, vacancies may be 
filled only when they result from 
completed collocation or consolida- 
tion of local boards. Vacancy an- 
nouncements for the new positions 
may be issued. But, employees can- 
not be promoted until all adminis- 
trative procedures established by 
National Headquarters have been 
fulfilled. Vacancies at State Head- 
quarters cannot be filled until prior 
approval is received from National 
Headquarters. 

All promotion requests for per- 
sonnel at State Headquarters and 
Area Offices must be submitted to 
the Regional Service Center for 
review. The Service Centers will 
certify in writing to National Head- 
quarters that the displacement and 
retreat rights of all employees with- 
in the competitive area and compet- 



itive level have been exercised. Or, 
the certification will state that the 
people involved have declared in 
writing that they decline to exercise 
their rights or are accepting reas- 
signment to another position. 

Promotions at State Head- 
quarters and Area Offices are re- 
stricted to one grade advancement 
with the following minimum time 
limits: to be promoted to grade 
GS/SG-4, a person must have served 
at least six months at the next 
lower pay grade; to be promoted to 
grade GS/SG-5 or above, a person 
must have served at the next lower 
grade for at least one year. 

At the Area Offices, promotions 
to fill vacancies may be allowed if 
the area office has completed the 
collocation or consolidation of all 
local boards scheduled for that area 
office. 

No promotions will be effective 
until both the promotion and term- 
ination forms for employees in- 
volved in an area office have been 
received, reviewed and approved by 
National Headquarters. 

No promotions will be made 
until the reduction-in-force com- 
petitive areas have been determined 
by the State Director in writing to 



the Service Center. Moreover, the 
competitive areas and levels must 
have been applied in determining 
employee rights at the area office 
where promotions will be re- 
quested. 

Promotions at State Head- 
quarters will be considered only 
after all scheduled collocation and 
consolidation actions in the state 
are completed and all restaffing has 
been accomplished. Restaffing is 
considered accomplished when the 
number of positions existing at all 
area offices is reduced to or below 
the maximum personnel ceiling au- 
thorized for each Area Office. The 
State Headquarters staffing is the 
December 15, 1973 personnel au- 
thorization. 

Promotions and permanent hir- 
ing at National Headquarters will 
remain frozen until each division 
gets down to its December 15, 
1973 staffing authorization. 

The austere budget and man- 
power constraints under which 
Selective Service will operate over 
the next year makes these controls 
necessary. The controls are de- 
signed to promote employee 
acceptance of management actions 
taken under the reorganization and 
to insure that all are treated fairly. 



the Washington Center. It is antici- 
pated that as Selective Service par- 
ticipation grows with the Capital 
Center, additional System employ- 
ees will be asked to help in the 36 
regional locations. 

RIF AND 

RETIREMENT TRAINING 

National Headquarters' training 
staff has put together two slide 
show modules on the reduction in 
force (RIF) and retirement. Both 
explain in detail the procedures and 
the employees' rights and obliga- 
tions. The RIF show is in dis- 
tribution and the retirement pack- 
age is soon to be released. The 
Director urges their use by all levels 
of management. 

GUARD/RESERVE 
ROLE SURVEYED 

The Management Evaluation 
Group at National Headquarters is 
now finishing the field survey of 
more than 40 states aimed at ex- 
ploring ways to increase the contri- 
bution of National Guard and Re- 
serve officers to the System. 

The survey has involved trips to 
State Headquarters and Guard and 
Reserve units to discuss the project 
with State Directors, Commanders 
and members. The results presently 
are being evaluated and it's not too 



late for you to forward ideas you 
might have to the Management 
Evaluation Group at National Head- 
quarters. 

Changes in the current contribu- 
tion of Guard and Reserve officers 
may well result. The National staff 
hopes to develop detailed guidance 
that will be offered to state direc- 
tors, who are responsible for the 
training of Guard and Reserve offi- 
cers. 

STATE HEADQUARTERS 
TO RECEIVE VIEWERS 

Starting in July, the locator and 
locator supplement reports issued 
by National Headquarters' Compu- 
ter Center will be produced on 
microfiche— a miniaturization that 
reduces twenty or more pages of 
text to a card the size of your 
paycheck. 

Microfiche viewers for computer 
report reading will be on hand at all 
State Headquarters by early June. 
The decision to convert to micro- 
fiche was based on the obvious 
merits of reducing paperflow and 
the tremendous savings. An easy-to- 
understand instruction manual will 
accompany the viewer. 

State Headquarters are reminded 
to contact their local Datagraphix 
representative before they have 
troubles with the equipment to save 
time when and if problems arise. 



OREGON RESERVE UNIT 
PRODUCES NEWSLETTER 

The State Director of Oregon 
reports that members of the Army 
Reserve unit in Salem, Oregon have 
taken over most of the production 
of the state newsletter to all em- 
ployees. They are helping in copy- 
writing, layout, art work, and pro- 
duction of the monthly release. The 
Reserves were brought in because 
of insufficient staff and time for 
the project to be completed by 
regular headquarters personnel. It's 
an opportunity for Reserve mem- 
bers with special training and ex- 
perience in journalism to contribute 
their talents to Selective Service. 



A SHORT COURSE 

IN HUMAN RELATIONS 

(From Washington State Headquar- 
ters newsletter "RIB") 
The six most important words: I 
ADMIT I MADE A MISTAKE 
The five most important words: 
YOU DID A GOOD JOB 
The four most important words: 
WHAT IS YOUR OPINION? 
The three most important words: 
IF YOU PLEASE 

The two most important words: 
THANK YOU 

The one most important word: WE 
The least important word: I 



MORE TRAINING 
COMING YOUR WAY 

"Problem Solving" and "Opera- 
tions Field Supervision" are the 
subjects of two new training mod- 
ules now on their way to all states. 
The first module is designed for all 
employees but is geared mainly to 
supervisors to show how decisions 
are made in day-to-day operations, 
to give instruction on the tech- 
niques of decision making, and to 
show supervisors and employees 
what kinds of reactions certain 
decisions cause. 

The "Operations Field Supervi- 
sion" module is geared to supervi- 
sors and covers all aspects of hand- 
ling administration and personnel at 
local sites. It includes a reference 
booklet for frequent use after the 
formal training sessions. 

In all, National Headquarters 
Training Division is planning 24 
modules for distribution to the 
states by the end of the year. Those 
already distributed include: Per- 
formance Evaluation, Self Develop- 
ment, Merit Promotion, Re- 
tirement, and RIF. Next to arrive at 
State Headquarters will be one on 
''Equal Employment Oppor- 
tunities'' and another on 
"Communication". 



HANDBOOK FOR 
SUPERVISORS TESTED 

A new handbook for area super- 
visors is now being tested in Penn- 
sylvania, Connecticut, and Massa- 
chusetts. In one volume it contains 
the complete guide to supervision 
and administration. The test is 
being conducted to ascertain its 
effectiveness and is expected to 
take two months for full evalua- 
tion. After the results are in and 
changes are made, it will then be 
distributed to all State Headquar- 
ters for use by supervisors. Look 
for it around the end of the year. 



NEW INFORMATION 
BROCHURES 

The Registrant Information Sec- 
tion at National Headquarters is 
rewriting all of the draft infor- 
mation series brochures to reflect 
the many changes that have taken 
place since they were first pub- 
lished in 1972. 

The brochures will accent the 
standby draft situation and explain 
a man's obligations and responsi- 
bilities during a period of no draft 
calls. 

The series should be written, 
printed and distributed to states by 



late July or early August in time for 
school reopening. 

MISSISSIPPI REMINDS 
EMPLOYEES OF FEDERAL 
CREDIT UNIONS 

The newsletter from Mississippi 
State Headquarters, "The Hi- 
Lighter", reminded all employees 
recently that they are eligible for 
membership in the Federal Credit 
Union System. This applies nation- 
wide. 

Saving by payroll deposit is pos- 
sible with the Federal Credit 
Unions and attractive dividends are 
paid by most. 

Low interest loans are also avail- 
able. Contact your area supervisor 
or State Headquarters for informa- 
tion about the Federal Credit 
Unions in your locale. 

POSTER PROGRAM 
LAUNCHED FROM 
NATIONAL 

A series of six four-color posters 
is in production at National Head- 
quarters with shipment to states to 
begin in July or August. The theme 
is short and sweet . . . Young men 
must still register at age 18. They 
are suitable for display in barber- 
shops, supermarkets, high schools, 
firehouses and/or community bulle- 
tin boards across the nation. 



CORRESPONDENCE 
COURSE FOR 
MILITARY RESERVISTS j 

A self-study program foi 
tive Service Reserve officers 
being field-tested in four lot 
The course, which provide 
information about the Syst( 
general format, is designed t< 
iarize a Reserve officer with 
tions and administration, 
cuses on history and , 
knowledge of Selective Senj 
erations. Results are now 
when they are fully evaluall 
course will be packaged and 
uted to all Reserve units wit! 
System. 

OPERATIONAL NOTES 

June and July will see 
projects reach completion |! 
Operations Division at Ns 
Headquarters. 

Chapter 690 of the RPM, d 
with Standby Reservists, is 
grammed for publication in J 
Registrars Manual, for use by ' 
teers, will be ready for Na 
Headquarters staff review in 
Revision of the Advisors ti 
gistrants Manual also will be 
pleted this month. July will 
revised publication of the si 
index to the RPM. 



I 



i 



*: 



THE CONGRESSIONAL HOPPER 

Numerous legislative proposals affecting Selective Service are before both houses of Congress. We thought a review of them 
might prove useful to employees. 

Bear in mind that all of the legislative proposals listed below must be subjected to committee review and action before 
being sent to the floor for a full vote, passage, and Presidential signature into law. 



Number 

H.R. 1075 



H.R. 2034 

and 
H.R. 2035 



H.R. 6334 



S.J. Res. 54 



S. 1 1 87 
H.R. 73 



Legislative Proposal 

To provide that the membership of local 
Selective Service boards reflects the 
ethnic and economic nature of the area 
served by such local boards. 

To amend section 6(o) of the Military 
Selective Service Act to exempt from 
service an individual if his mother's 
death was service-connected, and for 
other purposes. 

To amend the Military Selective Service 
Act of 1967 clarifying the definition of 
conscientious objector so as to 
specifically include conscientious 
opposition to military service in a 
particular war. 

To provide that the positions in local boards 

and appeal boards within the Selective 

Service System come within the Classification 

Act. 

That the Military Selective Service Act 

of 1967, as amended, is repealed 

effective June 30, 1973. 

That the Military Selective Service Act 
is repealed effective June 30, 1973 

To provide for meeting the manpower 
requirements of the Armed Forces of 
the U.S. through a completely voluntary 
system of enlistments, and to further 
improve, upgrade, and strengthen such 
Armed Forces, and for other purposes. 

Repealing the Military Selective Service 
Act. 



Introduced By 

Mr. Roybal 
(California) 



Mr. Stratton 
(New York) 



Mr. Koch 
(New York) 



Mr. Henderson 
(North Carolina) 



Mr. Hatfield 
(Oregon) 

Mr. Proxmire 
(Wisconsin) 

Mr. Kastenmeier 
(Wisconsin) 



Ms. Abzug 
(New York) 



WASHINGTON, D.C. 









Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



REGIONAL LEGAL STAFFS STEAMUNED 



AUG 21 1973 



organizational changes 
ng the System have left their 

n our legal staff, cutting the 
number of Regional Counsel 
> - after July 1st - from six to 
and the number of attorneys 
12 to six. 

;ed down are the Regional 
el offices in Atlanta, Chicago 
: orth Worth; taking up the 
in handling all field legal mat- 
rill be the offices in Philadel- 
Alameda and Denver. Case- 
have been transferred to these 

remaining offices on an 
able, geographic basis: 
ta's and part of Chicago's 
(Michigan and Ohio) goes to 
lelphia, and Ft. Worth's and 
ther part of Chicago's work 
na, Illinois, Wisconsin and 
isota) falls on Denver. 

Regional Counsel concept 
ntroduced into Selective Ser- 
iperations in 1971, when the 
ad numbered approximately 



27,000 and many were being delay- 
ed for procedural reasons. Prior to 
this time, each State Director dealt 
directly with U.S. Attorneys on 
legal matters within their jurisdic- 
tion -- in many cases the state head- 
quarters staff had no legal per- 
sonnel at all. 

The primary responsibility of 
each Regional Counsel is to act as 
liaison between the appropriate 
U.S. Attorney and the staff per- 
sonnel at each state headquarters in 



the Counsel's region. He also pre- 
pares a variety of legal opinions and 
briefs and renders legal advice and 
assistance for cases of Selective 
Service law violations -- cases which 
normally involve disputes on classi-. 
fications and refusals to register, be 
inducted, or enter the alternate 
service work program. 

The Counsels are charged with 
interpreting and applying all public 
laws, executive orders and System 
directives when asked by either the 



NEW 

REGIONAL 

COUNSEL 

STRUCTURE 




SAN F.tANCISCO 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 
U.S. Attorney, State Headquarters 
or Regional Office officials. Their 
daily routine often finds them: (1) 
reviewing all cases for procedural 
and substantive accuracy before 
forwarding them to the U.S. 
Attorney for prosecution (a docket 
is kept on each case); (2) acting as 
liaison between State Headquarters, 
the U.S. Attorney, the Armed 
Forces Entrance and Examining 
Stations, and the F.B.I.; and (3) 
providing legal assistance to the 
Regional Service Center staff in all 
matters affecting that office. 

The National Headquarters 
General Counsel supervises the 
Regional Counsels, as well as out- 
lining their program objectives and 
periodically reviewing their work. 
The assistance they provide in 
administrative and legal issues, trial 
litigation, and appellate matters is 
performed under the supervision of 
the appropriate Assistant General 
Counsel at National Headquarters. 



REGISTRANT SERVICES: A NEW FUNCTION AT NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS 



Registrant Services Branch has 
established in the Operations 
on of National Headquarters 
ombine the former public 
nation and case and inquiry 

a move brought about by a 
nlining of functions. 

branch will concentrate its 
on two broad areas - 
ting programs to inform 
rants, their families and 
Is of their legal rights and 
nsibilities, and responding to 
ic information queries. 

National staff is responsible 
roviding adequate information 
for state headquarters and 
boards. These include posters 
listribution to high schools, 
|es and elsewhere in local 
nunities. The Curriculum 
i to the Draft and periodically 
d draft information brochures 
also be issued. Television and 
public service ads are now in 
iction. Audio/visual devices, 
as the slide shows on the 
m, are being updated. The 
thly newsletter will be 



published by the new branch. 

Registrant Services will continue 
to issue press releases of national 
importance and will make a 
vigorous attempt to place draft 
information in major general 
interest print media, as well as to 
obtain national radio and television 
coverage of major Selective Service 
events, such as the lottery. 

The priority problem that 
Registrant Services will tackle will 
be registrant apathy. With the 
cessation of inductions, the general 
notion afoot is that the draft is 
ended altogether. Young men and 
their families must be informed of 
the continuing legal obligations of 
the Military Selective Service Act. 

With limited time and personnel 
at National Headquarters, each 
State Headquarters will be expected 
to become more active in this field. 
One of the ways a state can start is 
to assemble lists of daily, weekly, 
high school and college press 
outlets in their locale. Most are 
listed in the Editor and Publisher's 



Yearbook, available at most 
libraries. Magazines and local trade 
journals are also listed 
geographically. Radio and television 
stations in each state are listed in a 
volume available at most libraries or 
advertising agencies entitled "Spot 
Radio Rates and Data", published 
by the Standard Rate and Data 
Services. State Chambers of 
Commerce can provide valuable 
information on church, civic, 
business, veterans and social groups 
active in each state. 

Obviously, the targets for any 
such activity are groups directly 
involving young men, although 
groups associated indirectly with 
youths, their friends and their 
families can also be of assistance in 
getting the word out. 

The nature of the message to be 
imparted by Registrant Services 
lends itself to formal scheduling. 
This approach will provide 
maximum and continuing impact 
by keeping the subject alive in the 
minds of various segments of the 



Selective Service 
scheduled intervals. 



audience at 



For example, early autumn is an 
ideal time to schedule high school 
visits. The spring and summer 
months are best suited for radio 
and television spot advertisements; 
also, these same months seem to 
show more convention activity of 
regional or statewide organizations. 
The fall and winter months usually 
see more civic, veterans, church and 
social activities. Early autumn and 
the beginning of a new year signal 
change in most people's minds, and 
a campaign reminding young men 
to notify their local draft boards of 
address changes would be suited for 
these periods. 

National Headquarters is planning 
a training manual to assist state 
personnel in the registrant services 
field. It will discuss the 
fundamentals, such as press release 
writing, news conferences, 
photographs, public service 
advertising, and some basic news 
writing principles. 



1 



From the Director 



REGISTRARS AND ADVISORS TO REGISTRANTS 



The success of a "standby" 
Selective Service in winning public 
support depends on the commun- 
ity's confidence in the local repre- 
sentatives. 

In our standby operation, 
two additional groups of volunteer 
personnel now assume a rank of 
equivalent importance with the 
local board members — the Regis- 
trars and the Advisors to Regis- 
trants. 

The concept of unpaid Registrars 
and Advisors to Registrants was not 
a haphazard reaction to the consol- 
idation and collocation of many of 
our local boards. I can assure you 
that the importance of these 
functions has been recognized at 
National Headquarters. The com- 
pensated personnel must provide 
Registrars and Advisors to Regis- 
trants with the motivation and 
training necessary to their success. 

It is paramount that the Regis- 
trars and Advisors to Registrants 
recognize how much they are 
needed. 

The Advisor to Registrants is not 
a new function. During World War 
II, Selective Service appointed some 
15,000 Advisors to Registrants, but 
they served on 5,000 advisory 
boards, not individually as they are 
doing today. As of this writing we 
have more than 9,000 advisors 



already appointed throughout the 
country which is pleasant to know 
for two reasons: First, it assures 
registrants of getting advice which 
they are entitled to receive and, 
secondly, it demonstrates that we 
are fulfilling our promise to the 
Congress that we will provide 
Registrars and Advisors to 
Registrants in sufficient numbers to 
alleviate the potential problems 
which could result from local board 
collocations and consolidations. 

I have directed that the highest 
priority be given to the training of 
our Registrars and Advisors to 
Registrants. Both groups are being 
supplied with manuals specifying 
their duties and responsibilities, and 
outlining for them how to 
reasonably handle the myriad of 
questions which arise when assisting 
a registrant. Following the 
appointments, the State Directors 
cannot forget these groups. They, 
too, must provide the attention and 
support necessary for the success of 
these programs. We will be 
particularly watchful in this area. 

We also recognize the fact that 
young men must know of the 
existence of Registrars and Advisors 
to Registrants. Posters and other 
public service material soon will be 
released for use in every 
community, explaining the need for 



young men to register, and 
informing then of their Registrar 
and Advisor to Registrants. 

Advisors to Registrants generally 
become involved in a young man's 
case early in the processing cycle. 
This is very useful. It starts a young 
man off on the proper path. 

In hundreds of communities 
across the nation, Selective Service 
is closing local boards to adhere to 
the rigid budget constraints placed 
upon the entire System. With these 
closings, the importance of the 
Registrars is readily apparent. Their 
presence not only is a continuing 
reminder to the young men that 
they must register, but it also 
provides them with a local point at 
which to register, making it 
unnecessary to travel to their local 
boards. The Registrars generally are 
the first, and in some cases the 
only, contact a young man has with 
Selective Service. 

I have noted the major 
complaint made following World 
War II regarding advisory board 
members: "Nobody taught them 
their jobs and nobody informed the 
registrants of their existence." The 
presence of the local boards at that 
time cushioned these deficiencies. 
That situation does not exist today, 
so we must make certain that the 
training is adequate and the 




publicity is sufficient in e 
community. 

Today, more than ever be 
the System relies on our Adv 
to Registrants and Registrars. '. 
are easing the burdens of our y< 
men by providing the vital hu 
judgment so necessary to them, 
allowing them the opportunitJl" 
fulfill their legal obligations 
minimal disruption of persi t 
lives. fc 

We welcome these volunteer . a 
the System and express our sin tt[ 
gratitude for their willingnesSl 
accept these important roles. fl| 
volunteer workforce of more 
27,000 men and women, Seled 
Service continues a tradition w] 
is unique in Federal agencie 
linking community ties tol 
requirements set forth by nati<L 
law. L 

Byron V. PepitL 



REGISTRATION BY MAIL 
RESULTS 

The mail-in registration tests 
conducted in Michigan and 
Washington have shown impressive 
results so far. 

In Michigan, posters with plastic 
card boxes were placed in rural 
areas from which local board 
offices had been moved because of 
collocation. During the six-week 
test period, over 1,300 young men 
filled out and mailed in cards to the 
new local board sites servicing their 
areas. This registration rate is above 
the level expected for the test 
period in Michigan. The cards were 
more legible and contained more 
complete information than the 
information normally provided by 
walk-in registrants at local board 
sites. This suggests that young men 
took the time to think through 
their replies thoroughly, and, 
perhaps, consulted parents, friends 
or other relatives before mailing the 



cards to the local boards. Less than 
two percent of the cards received at 
the local board sites appeared to be 
fictitious or frivolous registrations. 
In Michigan posters and card 
boxes were accepted where regis- 
trars could not be recruited. Van- 
dalism affected less than one per- 
cent of the displays. More than ten 
percent of those who registered in 
Washington were from the 1954 
year group; this late registration 
suggests that many failures to 
register are due to ignorance, and 
implies that most young men, when 
they discover that they have a 
continuing obligation to register 
and are afforded an opportunity to 
do so, comply with the law. 

A great deal of free publicity was 
obtained during the test period in 
both states. The Plans and Analysis 
staff, which helped with the tests, is 
anxious for other states to initiate 
similar tests in various locations so 
experiments with other methods 
can be conducted. 



SPREADING THE WORD ON 
REGISTRATION 

Washington State Director Dick 
Marquardt discovered yet another 
way to get the word on Selective 
Service registration requirements 
into the homes of Washington 
residents. He personally wrote to all 
the state legislators explaining the 
details of the Military Selective 
Service Act and highlighting the 
continued requirement for young 
men to register. Additionally, he 
asked each legislator to include the 
information in their routine 
newsletters issued to their 
constituents. 

The response was overwhelming 
and favorable. Letters of thanks 
from legislators and copies of their 
newsletters poured into his office in 
the days following his letter. Dick 
Marquardt also saw a secondary 
benefit for his own operation in 
that the letter strengthened his ties 
with local legislators so that many 



now feel free to call upon him 
Selective Service matters affec 
their constituents. 



l\ 



Use of funds for printing of trill 
publication approved by the Direa 
tor of the Bureau of the Budge} 
August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a mefl 
ium of information between Natioj I 
al Headquarters and other compd|y 
nents of the Selective Service Sw 
tern as well as the general public 
However, nothing contained hereij 
may be accepted as modifying d] 
enlarging provisions of the Militarj 
Selective Service Act of 1967, oi 
any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be ad] 
dressed to: Registrant Information 
Section, National Headquarters, Sej 
lective Service System, 1724 F 
Street, N.W., Washington, D.C 
20435. Price 20 cents (single copyfc 
Subscription price: $2.00 per yearj 
50 cents additional for foreigrj 
mailing. 



System employees have 
seen some of the training 
es from National 
liters. They were developed 
m you of your rights and 
bilities in the System. The 
Headquarters Training 
developed 24 modular 
ory Training Programs 
illy for System employees, 
nodule pertains to an 
t aspect of Selective 
functioning. All 24 are 
i to be issued by the end of 

of the creative and 
ion work on these modules 
in— house" by Training 
el under the supervision of 

Training Director, Mr. 

olansky. 

learning modules have 
been issued, and are being 
th for group and individual 

with the aim of providing 
m approach to the diverse 
:rative procedures taught, 
modules provide a truly 
alized learning program, 
he trainee paces his own 

and is allowed to repeat 
terial not fully understood, 
n learning theory has been 
id in developing these 

modules, as explained by 
Employee Development 
or in Training, Mr. Edward 
n: 

ig statistics support the 
it one-way communication 
acher to pupil results in low 
of important ideas, 

a combination of audio 
sual stimuli and student 
ation increases learning 
old. This is really nothing 
the only question was how 
re implement this theory in 



TRAINING DEVICES: MANAGEMENT'S PHILOSOPHY 




preparing the training modules. 
Here's what we did: 

"Into each module we put: (1) a 
letter giving the instructor a little 
philosophy behind the module; (2) 
a checklist telling what's in the 
package, how many hours it should 
take, and other general 
information; (3) a slide show; (4) a 
tape cassette; (5) a script ■- set up in 
such a way that the instructor can 
continue the program in case 
anything breaks down (the back of 
the script lists some special 
instructions for the conduct of the 
course); and (6) handouts which 
give trainees a chance to practice 
what's already been talked about. 
Sometimes practice takes the form 
of a problem to be figured out, but 



not always -- we let the material 
serve the purpose. 

"The modules are set up," Mr. 
Eichhorn adds, "so the training 
sessions cannot run too long a time 
without audience participation. We 
try to bring participation about 
through the use of the workshop 
process, where the trainee gets a 
chance to talk, exchange ideas, get 
out of a vacuum, become more 
than a receptor. We feel that 
challenging an instructor makes him 
work harder, and that real learning 
is caused by people raising 
questions in a group." 

Regarding the audio-visual 
component of the training modules. 
Training Branch opts for the 
refreshing, rather than the 



gimmicky. Says Mr. Eichhorn: 

"We've tried to avoid doing 
anything just for effect - like 
flower-in-the-garden pictures. We 
also try to avoid slides that are too 
busy or cluttered. You must keep 
attention, however, and if the 
situation calls for it, we like music 
and sound effects on audio. 

"What we've tried to do most of 
all," Mr. Eichhorn emphasizes, "is 
to make the audio support the slide 
portion and vice-versa. One must 
strengthen the other." 

Because the modular training can 
be accomplished on-the-job, the 
System estimates the program has 
netted a savings of approximately 
$1,527,000 this year in fees and 
travel costs. This figure is especially 
significant when one considers an 
individual modular package only 
costs between $20 and $38. 

In recognition of the fine job 
accomplished by National 
Headquarters Training staff, the 
Civil Service Commission held a 
"training showcase" in Washington, 
where over 70 representatives from 
the Federal government gathered to 
learn about developing similar 
programs for their agencies. 

Mr. George Polansky discussed 
the training concepts behind the 
modular training program, the costs 
involved and the implementation of 
the project with the interagency 
representatives. The detailed 
question and answer session that 
Mr. Polansky led delved into all 
facets of training. 

Since the "showcase" 
demonstration, Mr. Polansky has 
been contacted by numerous other 
Federal agencies complimenting 
him on the overall effort and 
seeking advice on setting up similar 
programs. 



:E RENTAL COSTS 

Administrative Services 
Manager at National 
uarters reports the 
icy costs for the new fiscal 
ill be down about five 
dollars. At the end of 1972, 
t of space occupied by this 

was priced at about 
i million dollars based on 
ier square foot under the 

Building Fund concept, 
expected to be cut to nine 
dollars by the end of Fiscal 
4. 

ibstantial portion of this 
)n is due to our collocation 
l. A portion of this 
)n is also based on our 



continued ability to maintain an 
effective records disposal and 
retention program. There are 
approximately forty thousand file 
cabinets in use throughout the 
System at a space allocation of 
seven square feet each. The average 
cost of $6.50 per square foot of 
office space results in an annual 
space leasing cost of $45.50 for 
each file cabinet. The cost of 
housing these cabinets adds up to 
$1.8 million dollars, and it is 
anticipated that these costs can be 
significantly reduced by well 
planned records retention and 
disposal programs, as well as by 
using the Regional Federal Records 
Centers for storing many files now 
located at State Headquarters. 



INTERVIEW WITH 
A PERSONNEL OFFICER 



Now Mr. Smith, I've called you 

here. 
To show the change in your career. 
Occasioned by the recent RIF; 
So please be seated, Mr. Smith. 

Not only are you not a vet. 
You haven't put in three years yet! 
This ranks you very low, you see. 
Regardless of your PhD. 

You started out GS- 15 

But competition was so keen 

That you were bumped and 

bumped and then. 
You came out down here as a "10". 



That would have been OK, I guess. 
Had it not been for Mr. Hess; 
But he was bumped and, to survive, 
He turned and bumped you to a 
"5". 

And there a steno outranked you, 

And pushed you to a GS-2. 

The whole thing might have ended 

here. 
Had it not been for Mr. Greer. 

And I regret to tell you, son, 

You ended up a GS- 1. 

So, though the story sounds 

bizarre. 
In civil service, you've gone far! 

From the FEDERAL TIMES, 
March 21, 1973 



SPANISH AMERICANS ASSISTED IN REGISTRATION 



A Spanish language version of 
instructions to young men 
registering with Selective Service 
has been distributed to 18 states 
with significant Spanish-speaking 
communities. The instructions 
explain how to fill out the 
Registration Card (SSS Form 1), a 
young man's first exposure to 
Selective Service processing. States 
such as California, Texas and New 
York have the highest number of 
Spanish-speaking citizens. The 
Commerce Department map shows 
the Spanish-speaking population 
spread. The Spanish heritage 
population in California is over 3 



million, 16 percent of the total of 
20 million. Over 2 million Texans 
are of Spanish origin, 18 percent of 
the state's 1 1 million citizens. 
Nearly one million 
Spanish-speaking citizens reside in 
New York, 5 percent of the 
population of 18 million. While less 
than a half million Spanish-speaking 
citizens live in New Mexico, they 
represent 40 percent of that state's 
population. 

The Form 1 in Spanish is 
available to all states upon request. 
Recent samples were sent to each 
State Director advising him of its 
availability. 




PUERTO RICAN GENEROSITY 
UNMATCHED 

Selective Service records brim 
over with individual examples of 
volunteer efforts and dedication, 
but one case recently brought to 
the attention of National 
Headquarters ranks high in terms of 
selfless dedication and patriotism. 

A woman employee in Puerto 
Rico donated the office space for 
the local board in Maricao for the 
past 24 years. Mrs. Remedios Q. 
Arbona offered the Selective 
Service System the use of her 
property back in 1949 when the 
State Director was looking for a 
local site. The building, owned by 
her husband, Juan, was ideally 
located in the community for 
access by residents. 

This arrangement continued from 
1949 until May of this year when it 
was decided to collocate the 
Maricao local board to Mayaguez. 
During that entire time, the Arbona 
family absorbed not only the costs 
of the office space but also the 
telephone and utilities expenses. 
They asked for no compensation 
from the government. The 



agreement was terminated in April 
of this year and Mrs. Arbona agreed 
to it with sincere regret. 

Director Byron V. Pepitone, 
who often speaks of the unselfish 
dedication of many local board 
volunteers and employees, singled 
out Mr. and Mrs. Arbona for special 
recognition and has issued a 
Certificate of Appreciation to the 
family for their devotion and 
patriotism. 

LOCATING AN ACTIVE DUTY 
G.I. 

The Department of Defense 
maintains a locator service for the 
families of men on active duty. 
(Authorized military personnel and 
government agencies may also use 
this service.) They will provide a 
man's current military address 
provided the caller has the man's 
Social Security number and his 
birthdate. Each service can be 
contacted directly at the following 
telephone numbers: 

ARMY (202) 325-9240 

NAVY (202) 694-1271 

AIR FORCE (202)695-4803 

MARINES (202)694-1610 



"RIB" HELPS SOLVE MANAGE- 
MENT CONTROL PROBLEMS 

The Registrant Information 
Bank, known throughout the 
System as "RIB", has proven to be 
a valuable management tool for all 
levels of supervision. 

Essentially, the RIB is a 
collection of all registrant statistics 
local boards submit to the 
Computer Center at National 
Headquarters. (There is, however, 
no completed file on all registrants 
from all year groups; the Computer 
Center has completed files only on 
registrants born in 1953 and 1954, 
and is now working on the files of 
those born in 1955.) The 
information, which is taken from 
optical scan typewriter forms, is 
stored on magnetic tapes and filed 
in such a way that numerous re- 
ports can be produced rapidly. 

One of the more valuable services 
the RIB provides is exemplified by 
an urgent request received in late 
April from the State Director in 
Puerto Rico: Nine of his local 
boards had been destroyed by fire. 
But on the same day his request 
was received, a complete recon- 
struction of each of the nine local 
boards -- 7,674 files - was airmailed 
to Puerto Rico. 

This was the second time 
National Headquarters had been 
asked to provide local board recon- 
struction assistance - Ohio had also 
requested this service after flood- 
ing, and RIB was a great aid in 
getting the destroyed local board 
back into operation. 

Prior to 1971, the System was 
unable to rebuild local board sites 
nearly as fast. In cases of damage or 
destruction, files were started anew, 
and many young men lost valuable 
data; but now, the RIB can 
reestablish their status in registrant 
processing. 

Within the Operations Division 
at National Headquarters, a RIB 
branch was organized in July 1972 
to work closely with the Comput- 
er Center producing reports and 
forms, and, as a result, there has 
been developed a series of 45 
reports each with an accompany- 
ing RIB Guide, designed to assist 
all levels of management. Unlike 
the Registrants Processing Manual, 
the RIB Report Guides are ad- 
visory, not directory. Twenty of 
these reports go to local boards, 
while the rest are sent to state 
headquarters for use as a 
management tool. 

The RIB Reports are being put 
to practical use by such diverse 
management areas as (1) the 






Manpower staff - to 
man-hour requirements fc 
entire System; (2) 
Administrative staff - to ca 
forms requirements; (3) the 
Directors - to spot poor t 
work at the local board lev< 
(4) the Management Eval 
staff - to identify problem 
throughout the System a 
establish a means of mon 
remedies. 

Specifically, here is a breal 
of typical reports issued by tr 
system: (1) Error Lists 
Exception Listings, (3) Pro< 
Reports, (4) Agendas of Proi; 
Delays, (5) Classification A< 
(6) Statistical Reports, (7) Ft 
of Availability, (8) Reconstri 
Reports, and (9) Locator Re 

CLASSIFICATION CHANGE 



Two mainstays of Se 
Service classifications 
occupational and agrici 
deferments - quietly slipped c 
books on July 1. The role ol 
two classifications was nev|m 
important as during World V i 
when all American manpowe 
severely strained to maint 
balanced defense, agricultural 
industrial workforce. Since* 
time, they have played a rela 
minor, albeit essential, rol 
Selective Service operations a 
the lives of the men who af 
for them. The granting of nev 
Occupational and 2-C Agricu 
deferments was abolished on 
23, 1970 by Executive Ordel 
new ones have been granted 
that time, and there is no It 
any reason to keep them or 
active list of classifications, 
currently assigned to 2-A ancf 
will be reclassified 1-H by 
local boards. When, and if, the 
arises for the agricultural 
occupational deferments, they 
be reactivated. 

A new occupational deferi 
for doctors went onto the activ 
of classifications on July 1. Krl 
as "2-AM", this class is establi 
for physicians who are provl 
patient care in an especially crj 
community service. The assignij 
to 2-AM does not remove a doc 
one year of vulnerability 
completion of his professi 
training and internship. Howev^ 
does place a doctor in a 
vulnerable position in 
subsequent to his one year of pi 
vulnerability. His colleagues 
performing an especially crfl 
community service would be n 
vulnerable than he. 



*U.S. Government Printing Office: 19 73/784-3 88/1 Reg 




WASHINGTON, D. C. AUGUST 1973 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



6 




or Pepitone (left) and Deputy Director Dewhurst honor Mrs. Kay Barker 
r retirement. 



on V. Pepitone recently 
red awards on 28 employees 
from Selective Service 
al Headquarters. In a cere- 
held in his office, the 
sr singled out one employee, 
Cay Barker, for the highest 
i award the agency bestows - 
lective Service System Dis- 
hed Service Award - in 
ition of Mrs. Barker's out- 
ig service of extraordinary 
to the nation and the 
ve Service System, 
ker awards presented included 



the Exceptional Service Award to 
nine employees and the Meritorious 
Service Award to 18 departing 
employees. The Selective Service 
Club presented engraved silver 
brandy snifters to 20 of its 
members honored in the ceremony, 
which was capped off with refresh- 
ments. 

June 30th was decision day for 
many Selective Service employees. 
In all, 523 people took advantage 
of the six percent bonus in their 
retirement income by retiring be- 
fore the end of the fiscal year. 







HAftMAL HEADQUARTERS 
SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 










DIRECTOR 






DEPUTY DIRECTOR 




1 


appwSrd 


















MANAGEMENT EYAL 


in. 


OIFCE Of 


OFFICE Of 
| LEGISLATION AND LiAiSQN | GE 




COUNSEL | 






mM | 




nrnou. 


[ 


UWMBI UNIX HM [ 




[ 


ADMINISTRATIVE 
SERVICES DIVISION | 










i 

1 
1 








—I 


1 
1™ 

1 


M,,, 


MANPOWER PLANMNG 


1 HEADQUARTERS SUPPORT 




AUDITING 




' n ':::,S' M \ 


™j;2 s iis 






— I 


TRAINING 






REGISTRANT 
NfORWAl-ON &ANK 


MILITARY PERSONNEL 


1 PROCUREMENT 








personnel operations 

















new organization of National Headquarters shown above went into effect on 
Three major elements were abolished with the implementation of this 
ire: the Office of Public Information, the Assistant Deputy Director of 
ions, and the Assistant Deputy Director for Administration. The four 
ing divisions have been realigned internally to compensate for the 55% 
ion in personnel and the redefinition of many functions at National 
uarters and the Service Centers. 






T8& 



PEPITONE SUPPORTS LEGISLATIO 
TO BENEFIT EM^tO^ES 



Legislation which would bring 
local and appeal board employees 
under the Civil Service Commission 
General Schedule was strongly 
supported by Director Byron V. 
Pepitone during a recent hearing of 
the House Subcommittee on Man- 
power and Civil Service. This 
legislation was introduced by Con- 
gressman David N. Henderson 
(D-N.C). 

Mr. Pepitone told the Subcom- 
mittee that he believes the pro- 
posed legislation will "enhance the 
status and improve the oppor- 
tunities of the Selective Service 
local board and appeal board 
employees by bringing them fully 
into the Federal family." 

The Director told of the concern 
expressed by System employees 
that because of the difference in 
designation, they are often not 
considered to be in the same status 
as other Federal employees, even 
though both are in the competitive 
civil service. He also explained the 



difficulty Sysffrpi personnel have in 
transferring to other Government 
agencies because of a general lack 
of understanding of the current 
status of Selective Service local 
board and appeal board positions 
by personnel managers in other 
Federal agencies. 

"This matter is especially critical 
since we are undergoing a major 
RIF, and many of our employees 
are seeking positions with other 
Federal agencies." Mr. Pepitone 
stated. 

In his summation, Mr. Pepitone 
stressed the injustice of the present 
system to "our dedicated and 
experienced workers" because they 
are being denied the same benefits 
that other Federal employees doing 
similar "white collar" work enjoy. 

Spokesmen for the Civil Service 
Commission also appeared before 
the Subcommittee. They, too, 
urged passage of the bill by 
Congress. 






Mr. John D. Dewhurst was sworn in as the Deputy Director of Selective Service on 
July 13. He had been serving the System as the Acting Deputy Director since April 9, 
1973 and prior to that as Assistant Deputy Director, Administration since September 
1970. 



From The Director 



A Salute To Retirees 



It was a very great honor for me 
to recently welcome into my office 
twenty-eight National Headquarters 
employees who are retiring from 
the Selective Service System. To 
me, they symbolized the 523 
employees of the System who have 
recently retired, and who represent 
thousands of years of truly dedi- 
cated service. 

Most of the great activity of the 
System came during their tenure ~ 
World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. 
They served this Nation well 
through times of remarkable chal- 
lenge, their faith in the System and 
their country never wavering. 

These people remind me of our 
Nation's strength, our confidence in 
ourselves and our country, notwith- 
standing the problems we face 
today. History shows they faced, 
and overcame, similar problems in 
the past. 

During the ceremony in my 
office, we singled out one employee 
for the highest civilian award we 
can bestow, the Distinguished 
Service Award. Mrs. Kay Barker is 
an exceptional person, although in 
my thoughts she has come to 
symbolize the countless others in 
the Selective Service family who 



have devoted their energies and 
skills to this organization and to 
our country. 

Kay, like so many others, 
devoted much of her life to 
Selective Service, starting with her 
appointment as Chief Clerk of 
Local Board No. 6 in Washington, 
D.C.; in 1940. Two years later she 
joined the District of Columbia 
Headquarters as an audit supervisor. 
In 1948 she was named Administra- 
tive Assistant and, in 1966, she was 
promoted to Administrative Officer 
on the National Headquarters Legis- 
lation and Liaison staff, a position 
she held until her retirement. 

Kay was a mainstay in the 
System's relations with Congress. 
On an average day, she handled 
some fifty telephonic requests from 
various Congressional offices. Kay 
was known to Members of Congress 
for her gracious manner, her 
encyclopedic mind, and her ability 
to simplify and solve complicated 
issues. When her retirement was 
announced, I received many letters 
of praise for Kay from Congress- 
men and Senators. It was a pleasure 
for me to recognize Kay's career, 
which spanned more than thirty 
years, by submitting her name for 



the Federal Woman's Award, a 
distinction she truly deserves. 

Kay's outstanding service, how- 
ever, represents more than a single 
career to me. It symbolizes the 
careers of hundreds of our Selective 
Service employees, including those 
who have recently retired. To the 
latter group, I say that I wish it had 
been possible for me to personally 
convey my thanks, and that of our 
country, to each and every one of 
you. 

It will be very difficult to think 
of the Selective Service System 
without Kay Barker and the other 
522 retirees whose names have been 
taken from the active rolls. Still, 
their accomplishments remain with 
us as a continued reminder of their 
valued service, and the days when 
their presence meant so much to so 
many citizens. I cannot help but 
think of the thousands of confused 
and oftentimes frightened young 
men - and their parents - who were 
guided by many of these retirees 
with a gentleness and understanding 
so important under the circum- 
stances. 

Yes, the System will sorely miss 
these friends. I know that General 
Hershey and Dr. Tarr join with me 



REGISTRATION: A NEW CHALLENGE 



A national publicity campaign 
now is being launched to meet the 
new challenge of registration. Soon 
states will be receiving the first of 
three permanent posters which are 
pictured on this page. One has been 
designed simply to remind young 



1 



men to register. A second carries 
the registration message and also 
informs young men that they will 
get their lottery number in the year 
they turn 19, and that their prime 
year of eligibility occurs in the year 
they turn 20. The third poster 



reminds all men who are still 
registered with the System to 
notify their local boards of changes 
in their permanent addresses. These 
posters are designed for use 
throughout each community. 
Schools contacted by National 



REGISTER FOR 
THE DRAFT YET ? 



THE LAW STILL REQUIRES YOU 
TO REGISTER AT AGE 18 






AGE 18 ■ 

AGE 19 • i 

■ 
AGE 20 - i . 







i 



in thanking each and every c 
them, and in extending 
warmest wishes for the years a 

We who continue on 1 
System will not forget the ii 
tant contributions made d 
these careers. They have h 
cumulative effect of excellem 
our System. Through their ab 
and dedication, these retirees 
given the System the streng; 
survive in times of controversy 
the competence to excel in tin 
national emergency. 

I salute these fine people, 
proud to have been associated 
them. 

Byron V. Pepitone 



Headquarters through naf 
educational conventions have 
pressed a willingness to displa\ 
posters and should be recepti' 
visits by State personnel. St 
banks, barber shops - all shoj 
contacted. 




EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY AWARD WINNERS 



■ual Employment Oppor- 
I, essentially, translates into 
Ifiizing the worth of our fellow 
land extending a helping hand. 
Jector Byron V. Pepitone 
itted the entire Gystem to full 
pation in the Equal Employ- 
Opportunity Program in 
lg up a nationwide EEO 
lative Action Plan. Despite 
eductions in force underway, 
'Stem's commitment to equal 
yment opportunity remains 



solid. As a matter of fact, the 
Director stated recently that "re- 
quirements for substantial reduc- 
tions-in-force, collocations, and 
other organizational realignments 
have strengthened, rather than 
lessened, the need for a strong 
adherence to the principles of equal 
employment opportunity." In a 
family of employees undergoing a 
reduction-in-force, it is especially 
important to guard against discrimi- 



natory practices, arbitrary and 
capricious procedures, and careless 
application of the individual rights 
of employees. Mr. Pepitone has 
urged every State Director and 
Service Center Administrator to 
give personal attention to the 
timely completion and review of 
affirmative action plans. Super- 
visors at all levels of the System are 
encouraged to recognize and docu- 
ment all noteworthy efforts in the 



field of employment opportunity. 
Noted here are the six winners 
of the 1972 Equal Employment 
Opportunity Awards for the Selec- 
tive Service System, chosen by a 
committee of State Directors. 
Three states were recognized for 
their overall efforts, and three 
individuals employed by Selective 
Service were chosen for their 
separate accomplishments in fur- 
thering the EEO program. 



11 



IGAN 

T PLACE WINNER 

Director's EEO Award 

e State Directors' EEO Corn- 
selected Michigan as First 
Winner in the 1972 State 
is Category. 

e State Director, Arthur A. 
es, has become one of our 
aggressive State Directors in 




toting equal employment 
tunity. Michigan proceeded 
e EEO training to its managers 
upervisors early in the pro- 
and Michigan's Affirmative 
n Plan was the first state plan 



approved by the Civil Service 
Commission. The Regional CSC 
office has informed Mr. Holmes 
that his plan will be used as a model 
for that region. 

Michigan concentrated on hiring 
members of minority groups in 
their Summer Aide and Stay-in- 
School Programs. The state has 
widely advertised all aspects of the 
EEO program, such as EEO policy, 
the EEO complaints procedure, 
roster of state counselors and other 
EEO officials, and the distribution 
of its approved Affirmative Action 
Plan. In these issuances, Mr. Holmes 
has placed strong emphasis on his 
dedication and determination to 
improve equal employment oppor- 
tunity in Michigan. 

COLORADO 

SECOND PLACE WINNER 

1972 Director's EEO Award 

The State of Colorado was 
selected by the State Directors 
EEO Committee as Second Place 
Winner in the 1972 EEO State 
Awards category. 

State Director Frederick W. 



Obitz vigorously supported equal 
opportunity in the Colorado work- 
force. He also recruited many local 
board members from among 



^r"A 



demonstrated initiative in improv- 
ing minority representation in its 
work force, the Committee selected 
that state as Third Place Winner in 
the State Awards Category. 

Lt. Colonel Edward G. Pagano, 




minority groups in the state. 
Additionally, Colorado supervisors 
have actively supported the 
Veterans Readjustment Act by 
hiring vets. Colorado has been very 
active with the Summer Aide and 
Stay-in-School programs by hiring 
the disadvantaged. 

ALASKA THIRD PLACE WINNER 
1972 Director's EEO Award 

In recognition of Alaska's 




State Director, over the past three 
years, enthusiastically recruited 
minority group members for all 
local boards in Alaska. Moreover, 
he sought out minority group 
members for appeal board duty. 
Additionally, Colonel Pagano's 
compensated workforce reflects the 
high degree of support given the 
EEO program in Alaska. 



m 



SALLIE FERGUSON 

nal Nonsupervisory 
Award 

Sal lie Ferguson, an 
Dyee in Cleveland, Ohio, was 
:ed as the winner of the 
tor's 1972 EEO Award for 
upervisory Personnel, 
ss Ferguson was appointed the 
I Employment Opportunity 
selor for the Ohio Selective 
:e System on September 22, 
Since that time she has 
d 46 employees in Ohio and 
displayed unusual tact in 
ating potentially serious or 
3tive complaints. In all the 
she has handled. Miss Fergu- 



son has recognized the complaints 
and has made arrangements for 
immediate corrective action. She is 
well-regarded by management and 
employees alike. Her ability to 
listen is her greatest asset, aided, of 
course, by decisive action when a 
true Equal Employment Oppor- 
tunity problem exists. 



Mrs. Sanderow was singled out 
for helping three black employees 
through the Upward Mobility Pro- 
gram, resulting in promotions and 
supervisory jobs for all three. She 
was one of the first to recommend 
a female local board member. Mrs. 
Sanderow, on her own initiative, 
conducted training of local board 
employees on a regular basis. 




MRS. ROSELAND P. SANDEROW 

National Supervisory EEO Award 
FIRST PLACE 
Mrs. Roseland P. Sanderow, a 
Supervisor for the Los Angeles, 
California, Local Board Group, was 
selected as the First Place Winner of 
the Director's 1972 EEO Award for 
Supervisors. 




MRS. JOE ANN DOBRICK 

National Supervisory EEO Award 
SECOND PLACE 

Mrs. Joe Ann Dobrick, a Group 
Administrative Supervisor in San 
Antonio, Texas, with 14 years' 
service with Selective Service, was 
selected as the Second Place Winner 



of the Director's 1972 EEO Award 
for Supervisors. 

Mrs. Dobrick was personally 
responsible for achieving a propor- 
tional representation on the local 
boards in the San Antonio locale. 

By working with Spanish- 
speaking groups and a local 
advisory committee consisting of 
the County Judge, the County 
Attorney, a representative of the 
American' Legion, a representative 
of the Selective Service State 
Director, and the Chairmen of the 
local boards, Mrs. Dobrick obtained 
the names of qualified citizens for 
nomination as members of the local 
boards. Through her diligent 
efforts, the ethnic balance of the 
uncompensated personnel on the 
San Antonio local boards was 
significantly improved. Fourteen 
new local board members from the 
Spanish-speaking community were 
recruited. 



STATE DIRECTOR AIDS DEPARTING EMPLOYEES 



RECRUITING REGISTRARS 



Employees in Pennsylvania who 
had to be separated from the 
System by December 1973 benefit- 
ted from the active job search 
begun in their behalf by State 
Director Bob Ford in February. 

Ford sent a "good news - bad 
news" letter to all compensated 
employees explaining what the 
reduced budget means to Pennsyl- 
vania employees: 125 people must 
be separated from the System and 
39 local board sites will be closed. 
At the same time, employees who 
will remain with the System were 
told that after collocation is com- 
pleted, some of their positions will 
be up-graded. 

Ford promised all employees 
who have to seek employment that 
no one would be left to shift for 
himself. He is keeping that promise 
by exploring every conceivable 
avenue which might lead to 
employment for System personnel. 



Federal agencies, local board mem- 
bers, Pennsylvania Congressmen 
and Senators were all told of the 
valuable people who would soon be 
available for employment. 

Within a week of receiving 
Ford's letter, the Navy Depot in 
Mechanicsburg, Pa., responded. 
Resumes of 15 System employees 
were sent to the Navy and all were 
offered jobs, sight unseen. The 
Social Security Administration also 
was hiring and 16 former System 
employees now work for that 
agency. 

Ford has personally written 
letters of recommendation, pre- 
pared sample resumes, and talked 
with prospective employers. He has 
encouraged all employees to con- 
tact him whenever he can be of 
assistance in locating a new job for 
them. "Job hunting is never easy, 
and I am determined to help in any 
way I can," said Ford. 



ANOTHER STEP TOWARD UNIFORMITY 



A new system governing state 
operational issuances to local 
boards has been established by 
National Headquarters to increase 
uniformity within the System. 
Previously, State Directors have 
used their own formats for supple- 
ments to the Registrants Processing 
Manual such as State Temporary 
Instructions or State Supplements 
which were applicable to their 
states. Under the new system, all 
state issuances will be in one of two 
forms: State Temporary Instruc- 
tions or State Supplements. 
Further, State Temporary Instruc- 
tions will require the approval of 
National Headquarters prior to 
their distribution. Action by 
National will be taken within 30 
days of receipt of the proposed 
issuances. In an emergency situa- 



tion. State Directors may obtain 
verbal approval from National. 
Details of the new procedures are 
contained in Chapter 601 of the 
RPM. 

All current state issuances have 
been reviewed by State Directors 
and those which they desired to 
remain in effect were sent to 
National Headquarters for approval. 
Approved issuances will be re- 
written in accordance with Chapter 
601, and all other issuances will be 
cancelled. 

This new system will enable 
State and National to discover and 
eliminate varying interpretations of 
the manuals, and will eliminate 
duplication of effort in cases where 
states are proposing supplements 
already planned for inclusion in the 
manuals. 



NATIONAL PROCUREMENT OFFICE ESTABLISHED 



A National Procurement Office 
was established in the Administra- 
tive Services Division of National 
Headquarters on July 1 to assure 
that limited funds are spent where 
they are most needed. Moreover, 
quantity purchasing for all states' 
needs will result in substantial 
savings, and in more efficient 
inventory management. 




State headquarters personnel 
will be freed from interpreting 
Federal Procurement Regulations 
for the State Director. The change 
will help assure uniformity in 
procurement actions. 

Previously, State Directors 
issued the purchase orders for most 
non-expendable property after ob- 
taining funding and purchase 
approval from National Head- 
quarters. Now National will issue 
the purchase orders on approved 
requests. Other changes in the 
procurement process and detailed 
procedures were outlined in a 
recent Letter to All State Directors. 



Idaho jumped ahead of potential 
problems with registrations in com- 
munities where local boards are 
being closed through a major 
statewide recruiting drive for volun- 
teer registrars. 

Major General George Bennett, 
State Director, reports that per- 
sonal visits to the state's 125 high 
schools netted 115 volunteer 
registrars. The remaining ten 
schools will have someone available 
to act as a registrar when school 
opens in the autumn. 

A total of 6,000 miles was 
covered in the recruiting drive. The 
approach used in each community 
is worthy of note. A representative 
first visited the local board sites and 
spoke with the executive secre- 
taries, then got in touch with the 
Chairmen and board members to 
gain their advice. Next, he visited 
the schools and spoke with officials 
there. 

In some communities where the 
school was located near the county 
office buildings, he arranged for 
registrations to take place in the 



county offices. In three 
communities, the Postm 
agreed to serve as registrars. J 

A variety of people respond 
the request to serve as a volu 
registrar. Among them were 4E 
school counselors, 32 principal 
superintendents, 20 secretariej 
classroom teachers, and two ij 
instructors. With each person! 
agreed to serve, the Self 
Service representative reviewe 
filling out of the Registration 
and the signing of the Tally S 
He then instructed them ir 
mailing of the forms and had 
sign the Oath of Office and V\j 
of Pay. He also left with each 
registrar a small supply of 1 
and posters for display in 
schools. 

The response of school ofj 
was generally favorable, 
stated they would establij 
system to personally inform a! 
turning 18 that he must re| 
with Selective Service and 
follow up to see that hj 
register. 



5500 Lambeth Road 

Bethesda, Maryland 20014 

13 June 1973 



Dear Director Pepitone: 

I shall remain your debtor for your 
graciousness in publishing that wonderful article in 
the Selective Service News. 

I cannot express adequate thanks for 
the fact that more important news for the Selective 
Service System yielded precious space on the front 
page. 

I am sure you know that recognition by 
this organization and its members outranks all other. 
My body will be elsewhere, but my heart will always be 
with the Selective Service System and its members. 

Sincerely, 



c^L>^^<w 



Lewis B. Hershey 
General, USA (ret.) 



/ 



Colonel Byron V. Pepitone, USAF (ret.) 
Director, Selective Service System 
1724 F Street, N. W. 
Washington, D. C. 20435 



WASHINGTON, D.C. SEPTEMBER 1973 




Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



173 



EGISTRATIONS 
INCREASE 

mid-summer news release 
National Headquarters and 
nultaneous state releases and 
contacts sparked registra- 
across the nation. Final 
are not yet in; however, the 
>ns of various State Directors 
Iperations Managers surveyed 
National Headquarters indi- 
a rheasurable increase in 
ation following the news 

Connecticut, for example, the 
Director remarked, "It was 
he old days. The board in 
>rd was very busy. Not only 
)ung men come in to register 
any parents were with them, 
wanted to find out what the 
quired of their sons. Prior to 
lews release, local boards 
d 65 registrations a day; 
ing the release, the average 
d to 109 per day." 
Arizona, an official remarked 
many parents called their 
back from summer vaca- 
o make sure they registered 
i the required 60-day period. 
Ohio, officials indicated that 
jrly all local boards, registra- 
umped an average of 50 a day 
e first 10 days following the 






i S§fe 

-V: r fW^ 

Or - 



eUt s 

,. Draft still * 
Young wenjj^g - 

Iflm.. o . —• — sSRe .Assists 



SAN FRANCISCO 
fJCLIC LIBRARY 



II » on Air Vent. Who Know,, 
We May Have to m oturro<t It/' 



Did W '« * 
^ Brig, Gen e r 'SHelecti 





^wV*** 



SOLID NEWS COVERAGE APPEARED ACROSS THE 
NATION AS THE CROSS-SECTIONAL SPREAD ABOVE 
DEMONSTRATES 



release. 

In Oregon, the State Director 
said, "We hit the jackpot after the 
release. The state's major news- 
paper gave the story prominent 
display and registrations were heavy 
after the release." 

The lesson to be drawn from this 
surely is that the bulk of the 
nation's young men simply are 
unaware of the legal requirement 
for registration with Selective 
Service. Additional press releases 



THE EXPIRATION OF THE INDUCTION AUTHORITY ALSO 

RECEIVED EDITORIAL PLAY IN CARTOON FORM AS 

EXEMPLIFIED BY THE ABOVE FROM THE NAVY TIMES 

in many newspapers played the 
story in cartoon and written form. 
U.S. News and World Report 
picked up the story for its 
subscribers, as did numerous 
weekly local newspapers. 

The news releases prompted 
many State Directors to contact 
local television and radio stations 
where they taped interviews with 
the State Directors for insertion in 
news and other public service 
programming. 



are planned on a routine basis 
underscoring this point. 

Seasoned newsmen called 
National Headquarters to register 
their surprise that Selective Service 
was still in business. Many wanted 
detailed facts on the operation of 
the law and the System during the 
standby draft period. 

A spot survey revealed that most 
newspapers gave the story promi- 
nent display. Most afforded it front 
page coverage. The editorial pages 




TWO STATE DIRECTORS LEAVE SYSTEM 



LEE G. LIGGETT, FORMER STATE DIRECTOR OF NEBRASKA 



The System recently lost two of 
its most experienced State Direc- 
tors: Mr. Lee G. Liggett of 
Nebraska, and Mr. Richard V. Peay 
of Utah. 

Mr. Liggett's government career 
began in 1937 in the U.S. Army. 
During World War II he served in 
the European Theatre. He was 
recalled to active duty in 1948 and 
assigned to the Nebraska State 
Headquarters as the Personnel and 



Procurement Officer. He served in 
this capacity until June 1967 when 
he was promoted to Deputy 
Director for Administration. In 
June 1968 he became Deputy State 
Director, and in June 1969 was 
appointed State Director under the 
governorship of Robert T. Tie- 
mann. Mr. Liggett retired from the 
Army in November 1970 with the 
rank of Colonel. 

Now, after more than 36 years of 



RICHARD V. PEAY, FORMER STATE DIRECTOR OF UTAH 

Mr. Richard V. Peay began his 
30-year government career in the 
U.S. Army in 1943. During World 
War II he served as an artillery 
officer in the Asiatic-Pacific 
Theatre. He left active duty in 1946 
to study law at the University of 
Utah and received his J.D. degree in 
1949. He was recalled to active 
duty in 1950 during the Korean 



War and was assigned to Utah State 
Headquarters as Deputy Director 
and Manpower Officer. He served in 
this capacity until his appointment 
as State Director in 1969, under the 
governorship of Calvin L. Rampton. 
In 1971 Mr. Peay retired from the 
Army with the rank of Colonel. He 
has resigned from government 
service to head up the Administra- 



government service, Mr. Liggett has 
decided to spend the remainder of 
his career in the private sector. He 
has accepted the position of Vice 
President in the Executive Division 
of the National Bank of Commerce 
in Lincoln. 

The new State Director for 
Nebraska is Mr. Edward C. Binder, 
formerly the Military Support Plans 
Officer for the Nebraska National 
Guard. 



tion Office of the Utah State 
Courts. At press time a new State 
Director has not been appointed. 

In separate ceremonies. Director 
Byron V. Pepitone personally 
presented Exceptional Service 
Awards to Mr. Peay and Mr. Liggett 
honoring them for their out- 
standing service to the Selective 
Service System and the Nation. 



1 



From the Director 

BUDGET ASSURES STANDBY SYSTEM 



The Congress, after much con- 
sideration, is expected to vote 
sufficient funds for fiscal year 1974 
to enable us to maintain an active 
standby Selective Service System. 
While considerably less than the 
amount requested, our budget will 
permit us to register and classify 
the nation's young men, and 
maintain a readily available man- 
power pool should a national 
emergency arise. I believe it was a 
wise decision. 

My pleas to the Congress for 
sufficient funds to operate an 
effective standby System were 
based on the judgment that there 
would be a requirement for 
manpower on a most timely basis 
should we have to mobilize. To 
believe that there will never again 
be a requirement for us to mobilize 
the manpower of this nation is to 
act like the proverbial ostrich and 
stick our heads in the sand. 

For the first time since 1948, 
except for a three-month period in 
1971 while Congress debated the 
passage of Public Law 92-129, the 
President lacks the authority to 
induct young men into the military 
service. Not since 1948 has this 
nation endeavored to meet its 
military manpower needs solely 
through volunteers. 

The popular acceptance of the 



program to end the draft is 
understandable. Vietnam was an 
unpopular war, and the millstone of 
being drafted and having to serve 
there hung heavy on the young 
men. Still, as President Nixon has 
said, regardless of our totally new 
relationship with the Soviet Union 
and the People's Republic of China, 
this does not mean that such a 
relationship assures that we will 
have peace without maintaining a 
strong national defense. 

The new era we are embarked 
upon -- an all volunteer force - 
foresees maintaining an active 
military establishment and some 
2.2 million men, backed up by a 
Reserve and National Guard force 
of one million men. 

Although generally overlooked 
by the public, the all-volunteer 
force and its reserves are further 
supported by a Selective Service 
System which is founded in law. 
The Military Selective Service Act 
provides for the backup Selective 
Service System in these terms: 

"If at any time calls under this 
section for the induction of persons 
for training and service in the 
Armed Forces are discontinued 
because the Armed Forces are 
placed on an all volunteer basis for 
meeting their active duty man- 
power needs, the Selective Service 



System ... shall, nevertheless, be 
maintained as an active standby 
organization...". 

So, in essence, both the 
President and the Congress have 
recognized the need for a standby 
Selective Service System. Although 
the fiscal year 1974 funds 
appropriated to us were less than 
requested, I believe, with some 
additional belt-tightening, we can 
maintain an effective standby 
System. 

We should not overlook those 
citizens, both in the Congress and 
in private life, who supported our 
position and helped make it 
possible for us to continue our 
efforts to retain a viable standby 
operation. They did so against 
formidable opposition, people who 
would repeal the Selective Service 
Law, or at least provide such a 
small budget that the System as we 
know it today would be virtually 
demolished. 

Had these opponents been 
successful, we would have been 
forced to abandon the local board 
concept; thousands of volunteer 
workers would have been lost from 
our rolls, and many more compen- 
sated positions would have been 
eliminated. It would have been 
impossible to maintain a readily 
available manpower pool to 




augment the active and i 
armed forces in time of peril. 

Now it is time to get on with 
job. We shall find our $ 
magnified by the ever-increa 
demands for economy and, 8 
currently, the ever-present neei 
insure that all young men are m 
aware of their obligation under 
law to register. With this report 
I must add emphasis toT 
publication of our requiremeffl 
do more with less - spread 
resources and people further 
to guarantee that we settle 
nothing less than maximumf 
ciency in our daily efforts. 

I know I can count upon jl 
support. 

Byron V. Pepit 



POSTHUMOUS AWARD FOR CALIFORNIA DOCTOR 

Deputy State Director of Selective 
Service for Southern California. 
They were presented to his wife, 
Mrs. Evelyn Goerke. 

Dr. Goerke served in the 
Selective Service Military Reserve 
unit and as Chairman of the 
California Medical Advisory Com- 
mittee for 25 years. Dr. Goerke was 
commissioned a Second Lieutenant 
in 1933. He first became associated 
with Selective Service in 1940 when 
he was assigned to the headquarters 
in Los Angeles. During the war, he 
served with General Patton in 
Europe and was the first medical 
officer to enter Buchenwald Con- 
centration Camp when it was taken 
by the Third Army. After the war, 
Dr. Goerke worked with the City 
Health Department in Los Angeles, 
until he became a Clinical Associate 
Professor at UCLA, and, finally 
Dean of the UCLA School of Public 
Health. 



GOODWILL FOR CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS 




MR. JOEL R. KINCAID, JR., DEPUTY 
STATE DIRECTOR OF CALIFORNIA, 
PRESENTS POSTHUMOUS AWARDS 
TO MRS. EVELYN GOERKE, WIDOW 
OF DR. LENOR S. GOERKE. 

Dr. Lenor S. Goerke was 
posthumously awarded the Selec- 
tive Service Meritorious Service 
Award, the Exceptional Service 
Award, and two Presidential Certifi- 
cates of Appreciation by the 



Goodwill Industries of America 
is known throughout the United 
States for its employment of 
handicapped citizens. But few 
people know of the valuable service 
they are providing to our country 
by their employment of conscien- 
tious objectors. 

Because Goodwill designs jobs to 
fit the skills of its employees, CO's 



have been able to perfil 
worthwhile jobs during their 
years -of alternate service. 1] 
have been employed in such dive 
occupations as truck drivers, prid 
consultants, material sortj 
accountants, and furniture rep 
men in the 152 Goodwill Inc 
tries, nationwide. 



LOCAL BOARD, WHERE ARE YOU? 



Recently, a registrant was on the 
receiving end of the familiar post 
office message, "Returned, 
addressee unknown." Not too 
unusual perhaps, except in this 
instance the "unknown addressee" 
was his local board. 

Now, when hundreds of local 
boards are moving,- this situation 
could be repeated many times over 
unless Selective Service personnel 



remember and follow the reverse] 
our own requirement -- notify y 
local board of any change in y 
permanent address. 

Placing articles in local ne 
papers is a good way of inform 
the public that a board now hi 
new address, but don't forget] 
notify the post office so that if 
will be rerouted also. 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information between National Headquarters and other components of the Selective Service System as well as the general puDJ 
However, nothing contained herein may be accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the Military Selective Service Act, or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Registrant Information Section, National Headquarters, Selective Service System, 1724 F Street, N.W., Washington, D, 
20435. Price 20 cents (single copy). Subscription price: $2.00 per year; 50 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



ARKANSAS STATE DIRECTOR WILLARD A. HAWKINS DIES 



I System lost one of its finest State 
lors on Saturday, August 18, when Willard 
lefty) Hawkins of Arkansas died of 
me ma. 

fcnel Hawkins began his 32-year Air Force 

1 in 1940. During World War II he served 

h Middle East, India, and the western 

. He left active duty in 1946 and began 

ig career in public relations, working in 

he private and public sectors. In 1966 he 

Director of Research for Winthrop 

feller's successful campaign for Governor 

cansas, and after his election, Governor 

feller nominated Colonel Hawkins for the 

n of State Director of Selective Service. 

ng his lifetime Colonel Hawkins was 

id on many occasions for his exceptional 

to his country. He was awarded the 

of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster; the Air 

Commendation Medal with Oak Leaf 

; the National Medal of Merit from the 

: orce Association; the Distinguished 

Medal, State of Arkansas; and the 







WILLARD A. 
HAWKINS 



Freedoms Foundation's George Washington 
Honor Medal. 

He was a past president of the Arkansas 
Department, Reserve Officers Association, and 
past president of the local David D. Terry 
Chapter of the Air Force Association as well as 
one of its founders. 

According to Arkansas Selective Service 
officials, Colonel Hawkins considered that his 
finest achievement as State Director was 
creating racial balance in the Arkansas local 
boards. When he became State Director in 
January 1967, there were no black board 
members in the entire state. At the time of his 
death, 90-95 percent of the black population of 



Arkansas was represented by integrated local 
boards. This change in the board representation 
was accomplished with no disruption within the 
communities. 

Colonel Hawkins was held in high esteem in 
Arkansas which was illustrated by an editorial 
in the August 21 edition of the Arkansas 
Democrat. The editorial stated, "Lefty Hawkins 
was a man of foresight and courage. As State 
Director of the Selective Service System in 
Arkansas for six years, he used these virtues to 
restructure the draft system in Arkansas in such 
a manner that it became the envy of many 
other states..." The editorial continued "Many 
... who never met him ... have cause to regret 
his death. They are the ones who found that 
when the draft system touched their lives that 
it did so in a manner both just and honorable, 
and for that they were thankful. Few men 
could ask for or deserve a finer memorial that 
that." 

Colonel Hawkins is survived by his wife, 
Ellen, and three children. 



YEW POLICIES ON VIOLATORS - RPM CHAPTER 642 ISSUED 



ificant procedural and policy 
$, including new actions to 
cen by the local boards in 
ng violations of the law, are 
orated in the revised version 
apter 642 of the Registrants 
sing Manual (RPM) which 
sued recently from National 
uarters. 

tern personnel also will note a 
jction (642.9) titled, "Failure 
jister and Late Registration", 
'defines what a local board 
determine in cases of late 
ations, and what steps to take 
a person refuses to register. 
er major revisions to Chapter 
nclude guidance on (1) the 
lation which must be 
led alleged violators by the 
nal Counsels and the local 
(2) what is required when 
nents are missing from file 
, (3) the right of a registrant 
nain silent as to why he did 
jgister on time, and (4) what 
with a person who hinders a 
board in its performance of 
I duties. 

all cases, except for those 
ing interference with local 
administration, local boards 
ow send an alleged violator's 
jlder direct to the Selective 
Regional Counsel, along 
a copy of SSS Form 301 
rt of Violation) addressed to 
>propriate U.S. Attorney. The 
Director will be informed of 
rtion by an information copy 
SSS Form 301. 
i policy contrasts with 
us procedures which gave an 
i to the State Director to have 
e folder routed through him 



before being submitted to the 
Regional Counsel. The reason for 
this change is to ensure uniform 
legal review of each alleged vio- 
lator's case by Selective Service 
attorneys. 

In the case of late registrations, 
local boards will determine if such 
actions were deliberate or occurred 
because of uncontrollable circum- 
stances. When local boards deter- 
mine that late registrations were, in 
their opinion, with deliberate 
intent, the registrants' file folders 
will be forwarded to the Regional 
Counsels as in the case of other 
alleged violators. 

If a registrant is reported as an 
alleged violator, he will be informed 
of the case against him under the 
new guidelines. Regional Counsels 
and State Directors will notify a 
local board when a man's case is 
terminated so the board may 



contact the registrant. 

Another addition to Chapter 642 
explains that a registrant can 
remain silent regarding his reasons 
for not registering on time. A man 
may be asked why he was late in 
complying with the law, but, under 
no circumstances can he be re- 
quired to make a statement if he 
objects. 

To avoid procedural difficulties 
in the handling of Selective Service 
cases, local boards now are obliged 
to notify Selective Service Regional 
Counsels if a document is missing 
from a man's file or is improperly 
marked or stamped. They must do 
this at the time they forward the 
file to the Regional Counsel so that 
he can consult with the U.S. 
Attorney to determine whether 
prosecutive action should be dis- 
missed in light of the deficiency. 



LAST DRAFTEE - A GOOD SOLDIER 

Dwight Elliot Stone, 24, Sacramento, Calif., became the last draftee 
when he took the traditional step forward at approximately 2:00 p.m., 
June 30, 1973, in the Armed Forces Examining and Entrance Station, 
Oakland, Calif. 

Since his induction and subsequent assignment to Company E, 2nd 
Battalion, 2d Basic Combat Training Brigade, Fort Polk, Louisiana, Private 
Stone has discovered that Army life isn't as bad as he had imagined. 

He has found that he likes his leadership responsibility as assistant 
platoon guide for E Company's 4th Platoon. In this position, he supervises 
four squad leaders. "I could just sit back and watch somebody else do it," 
he said, "but there is a challenge." 

His company commander, Captain Robert H. Cooper, thinks that Stone 
is developing into a good soldier. "He's very alert and mature. He seeks 
responsibility, he's not afraid of it. As the last of the involunteers, so far 
he has done very well." 



The Military Selective Service 
Act provides penalties for persons 
who hinder or interfere with the 
administration of the law. The new 
chapter provides local boards and 
state headquarters with guidelines 
for dealing with such incidents. If a 
local board has reason to believe 
that someone has hindered the 
administration of the law, they are 
to notify the State Director by 
phone or letter. The State Director, 
after consultation with the 
Regional Counsel, will then investi- 
gate the incident. After his investi- 
gation, he will submit a report and 
his recommendations to the 
Selective Service Regional Counsel 
for review and disposition. 

An attachment to the RPM 
chapter shows the new areas of 
jurisdiction under the reorganized 
Regional Counsel structure. With 
the recent elimination of three 
regional offices, some confusion 
existed at the local board level as to 
which Regional Counsel now has 
jurisdiction. 

Also attached are three sample 
letters to be used for the following 
purposes: (1) by Regional Counsels 
to notify an individual that his case 
has been referred to the U.S. 
Attorney for prosecutive considera- 
tion, and why this action is being 
taken; (2) to inform an individual 
he no longer is considered a violator 
(The letter also informs a registrant 
that he will receive processing 
similar to all other Selective Service 
registrants.); and (3) to advise an 
individual who registered late that 
he is entitled to explain his reasons 
for not registering on time, but is 
not required to do so. 




Glenn R. Bowles, Operations Division 
Manager, was recently inducted into the 
Infantry Officers Hall of Fame at Fort 
Benning, Georgia. 

GLENN BOWLES 
HONORED BY ARMY 

The U.S. Army recently honored 
Glenn R. Bowles, Operations 
Division Manager at National 
Headquarters, by selecting him for 
induction into the Infantry Officers 
Candidate School Hall of Fame. Mr. 
Bowles, a retired Army Colonel, 
was welcomed into the select group 
of OCS graduates during a 
ceremony at Fort Benning, Georgia. 

Infantry OCS has graduated over 
108,000 second lieutenants since it 
was formed in 1941. Only 662 of 
these graduates have been inducted 
into the Hall of Fame. Mr. Bowles 
joins company with other Hall of 
Famers such as Governor Sargent of 
Massachusetts, the late Governor 
Rockefeller of Arkansas, and the 
Honorable Robert F. Froehlke, 
former Secretary of the Army. 

Mr. Bowles volunteered for the 
draft in 1941 and entered the Army 
as a private. He was commissioned a 
Second Lieutenant in June 1942. 
He saw action in the campaigns in 
North Africa and Europe as an 
Infantry Officer. Among his 13 
decorations are the Legion of Merit 
with Cluster, the Bronze Star, the 
Purple Heart, the Combat 
Infantryman's Badge, and the 
Italian Cross of Valor. 

After the war, Mr. Bowles 
remained active in the Reserves and 
National Guard, serving with the 
34th Infantry Division until he was 
recalled to active duty in 1953 as a 
Logistics Officer. In 1955 he was 
appointed State Director of Selec- 
tive Service in Iowa, where he 
served until 1971 when he was 
appointed Operations Division 
Manager at National Headquarters. 

Four other Selective Service 
officials have also been selected for 
this honor: Mr. Carlos C. Ogden, 
Mr. Addison A. Millard, Mr. George 
M. Stewart, and Mr. John W. 
Brokaw. 



OREGON 
HITS THE AIR WAVES 

Oregon State Headquarters has 
initiated an active radio and TV 
information program to broadcast 
the registration message to 18-year- 
old men. 

Major Jack Saling, a Selective 
Service reserve officer, worked with 
TV station KGW in Portland to 
develop radio and TV spot 
announcements to carry the regis- 
tration message to all corners of the 
state. 

As a public service, KGW 



undertook the entire production of 
the 30-second radio and TV "spots". 
They arranged for one of their 
clients to write the scripts, under 
the direction of Major Saling. 
Station personnel then served as 
actors for both of the productions. 
Production time was approxi- 
mately 10 days. When the tapes 
were completed. Major Saling used 
his two-week active duty tour to 
visit the station managers of 
Oregon's 90 radio and 10 TV 
stations-traveling approximately 
3,000 miles in the process. More 
than 50% of the managers did not 
know of the continuing require- 



ment to register, and all ol 
managers agreed to run the "s| 
twice daily for 30 days andi 
once daily for the next 120 daji 

The "spots" were first! 
between July 12 and 23, and' 
boards reported an upswin 
registration after the initial b| 
casts. The State Headquarters 
is conducting a survey to deter 
just how effective the "spots" 
been. 

Because of the outstar 
public service rendered by sti 
KGW, the entire program cosl 
System only $375 - the cost o 
blank tapes. 



DIRECTOR CITES 
TREASURY OFFICIAL 

Director Byron V. Pepitone 
recently awarded a Treasury 
Department official, Miss Alice M. 
O'Hanian, the Selective Service 
System's Meritorious Service 
Award. 

Miss O'Hanian was the primary 
point of contact between Selective 
Service payroll administrators and 
the Treasury Department. She 
provided exceptional assistance to 
Selective Service officials during a 
period of transition from a manual 
system administered by the 
individual states to the Regional 
Service center administered system 
which used the Treasury 
Department's computer. She then 
.participated in the final transition 
to our present payroll system in 
which all payroll functions (with 
the exception of actually issuing 
paychecks and bonds) are 
accomplished at the Selective 
Service System Computer Service 
Center. Treasury still issues and 
mails both bonds and paychecks. 

The work involved redesigning a 
compatible, computerized payroll 
system by abstracting detailed 
information from the former pay 
records of System employees. Her 
citation read: "As Chief, Manage- 
ment Services Branch of the 



Divison of Disbursement, Miss 
O'Hanian's professional guidance 
was indispensable to the Selective 



Miss O'Hanian was not tol 
the award until the moment 
walked into Director Pepitj 




DIRECTOR PEPITONE PRESENTS AWARD TO MISS ALICE O' HANIAN 
OF THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Service System throughout the office, at which point she fq 

many months during which the herself "speechless" - a stateJ 

agency operated under the Fiscal remarked, she rarely finds he 

Service Payroll System." in. 



NEW WOMEN'S PROGRAM COORDINATOR NAMED 



Miss Patricia Ciuffreda has been 
appointed the Federal Women's 
Program Coordinator for Selective 
Service, effective August 1, 1973. 

As the FWP Coordinator, Miss 
Ciuffreda will be responsible for 
advising the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Director on all matters 
affecting the employment and 
advancement of women in Selective 
Service, and will be the central 
contact for all FWP coordinators 
throughout the System. She also 
will be charged with developing and 



advancing a national Federal 
Women's Program for the System, 
and with coordinating agency 
policy and activities related to 
equal employment opportunities 
for women. 

After establishing the national 
program, Miss Ciuffreda will 
monitor the plan to ensure that its 
objectives are being met. She will 
be available to advise management 
and to recommend changes in 
policies which encourage discrimi- 
nation. 



These responsibilities are 
addition to her role as a trl 
specialist. She most recently pal 
pated in the design and writin 
the Supervisory Training Progra 
the most comprehensive trail 
program yet undertaken 
National Headquarters. 

Miss Ciuffreda has worked 
the Government since 19681 
joined the System in June I 
shortly before completing her l| 
in Political Science at the Urtj 
sity of Maryland. 



1 73-7fU-3qn/3 Re 




WASHINGTON, D. C. 



OCTOBER 1973 



Selecliue Seruice MEWS 



ate Directors Complete Collocat 



T jon 



te Directors are to be con- 
ated for completing the mort- 
al task of collocating local 
sites throughout the United 
," said Director Byron V. 
)ne. "They have succeeded in 
ing the total number of board 
from the January figure of 
to the mid-September figure 
8 - three months ahead of the 
al completion deadline." 
i State Directors participated 
rmulating the reorganization 
in February. At that time, 
were made to complete the 
:ations by December 31. 
se of the reduced budget, the 
letion date was moved up to 
eptember. 

lly through their long hours 
dicated effort have we been 
o reduce to a size that can be 
irted by our budget ra- 
tions," the Director 
asized. 

ause of the limited operating 
, the System would have had 
aintain 75-80% of the local 
s on a part-time basis. As a 
of collocation, less than 25% 
le boards are part-time. In 
on to having the majority of 



boards operate on a full-time basis, 
additional Advisors to Registrants 
and thousands of volunteer Regis- 
trars have been recruited and 
appointed to provide greater 
assistance to the registrants. 



the hardships imposed by addi- 
tional travel will be lessened 
somewhat by the reduction of the 
number of board meetings required 
during a year. 
The Directors then had to inform 




The most immediate problem 
confronting the State Directors was 
to select site locations which could 
serve registrants most effectively. 
Once this was accomplished, they 
discussed the proposed locations 
with the local board members 
affected. The members expressed a 
natural concern about the relo- 
cation of their meeting sites, but 



registrants as to the location of the 
new offices. Many Directors chose 
the press as the most effective 
means of reaching such a wide- 
spread audience, and articles 
appeared in newspapers throughout 
the country as the various 
relocations were completed. Also, 
posters, with the dual purpose of 
reminding young men to register 



and advertising /th*£hew local board 
addreg£&f/?«(ere placed in many 
location^ t/e$?c 

To assist regCTfants in areas no 
longer served by board offices, 
State Directors initiated an aggres- 
sive campaign to recruit volunteer 
registrars. High schools were a 
prime source and thousands of 
counselors and other staff members 
have volunteered to act as 
registrars. 

Along with the reduction of local 
board sites, the Directors were 
faced with the difficult problem of 
having to reduce personnel in their 
states. Although many System 
employees were able to take 
advantage of the 6.1 percent 
retirement bonus by leaving before 
July 1 , others had to find new jobs 
elsewhere. State Directors put forth 
every effort to help these 
employees. They contacted other 
Federal agencies, wrote resumes, 
recommendations, and letters of 
introduction, and sought the help 
of local board members and their 
State Congressional representatives. 
As a result of their efforts, many 
persons were able to locate new 
positions. 



nerican Legion Supports Standby Selective Service System 



need for a standby Selective 
:e System in support of the 
olunteer Force was stressed by 
tor Byron V. Pepitone in an 
ss before the American 
n's National Security Commis- 

during the Legion's recent 
al national convention in 
jlulu. 

gion delegates subsequently 
d a resolution supporting a 
Iby Selective Service System 
ample Congressional funding, 
seeking endorsement of the 
rican Legion in maintaining the 
m on a standby basis as a 

part of our national defense, 
'epitone emphasized: 
he Gates Commission made it 

clear that the all-volunteer 

provided for a peacetime 
ary force only. The Com- 
on further believed, and so 
nmended, that this nation 
Id maintain a standby Selective 
ce System which, in the event 
national emergency, would be 
jle of rapidly mobilizing the 
)ower of the nation. 



"It is important to remember 
that when the -President approved 
this report and the peacetime 
all-volunteer concept, he approved 
the report in its entirety, including 
the need for a standby Selective 
Service System." 

Mr. Pepitone cautioned that any 
further reduction in appropriations 
from the $47.5 million for Fiscal 
Year 1974 would virtually demolish 



the System as it is known today. 
"Specifically, the local board 
concept would have to be 
abandoned with the loss of 
thousands of volunteer members, 
thereby eliminating the very core of 
the System which is so vital to 
timely response," he told the 
Legionnaires. 



The Director also said that any 
further budget cut for this fiscal 
year would mean the abandonment 
of the manpower pool concept. "I 
consider this to be an ill-advised 
course of action and one which, in 
my view, would be dangerous in 
consideration of national security 
requirements," he added. 



GUARD/RESERVE 
TOURS RESUME 

Selective Service again can 
benefit to a greater degree from 
the skills of National Guard and 
Reserve officers. Effective 
October 1, the temporary 
postponement of annual 
two-week active duty tours, 
imposed on July 3, was lifted. 

The tours had been postponed 
while Congress debated our FY 
'74 appropriations. 



System Promotes 1,450 



Systemwide, approximately 
1,450 promotions have been made 
since May 1, 1973 -- 99% at the 
local board level. Most of the 
promotions have been at the SG 4 
through SG 7 level. 

"The high number of promotions 
indicates a positive, aggressive 
attitude on the part of State 
Directors in completing their 
collocations and consolidations," 
said Mr. Ray Wisniewski, Manpower 
Administrator, "since promotions 
were contingent upon the com- 
pletion of the reorganization." 

In anticipation of the reduced 



budget for FY '74, the System 
suspended new hires, except in 
locations where all positions were 
vacant, and suspended reinstate- 
ments, transfers, and reassignments 
to vacancies at both state 
headquarters and area offices. By 
taking these actions, management 
hopes to eliminate or at least 
greatly reduce the necessity for any 
additional RIFs. 

However, reducing the staff has 
had the positive effect of increasing 
the responsibilities of the remaining 
employees, thus justifying the large 
number of promotions. 

1 



From the Director 



Local Board Employees. .."A Little Something Extra" 



Prior to collocation, a local 
board was situated in a small town 
of a western state. This town is in 
an isolated area, surrounded by 
rugged mountains. There is no bus 
service to the town. Passengers are 
normally discharged at a cross- 
roads 25 miles away. During the 
severe winters, with deep snow 
and temperatures frequently 
dropping far below zero, Selective 
Service registrants returning from 
AFEES would leave the bus at the 
crossroads to find a warm car 
waiting to transport them to the 
town. 

It would be the local board clerk 
in her personal car, doing a little 
something extra than what was 
called for in her job description. 

Many such human interest stories 
concerning our executive secretaries 
and local board clerks - most of 
whom are women - are well known 
by many of us in the System, 
although they seldom make the 
official records. It is my intention 
here to recognize these employees 
as a group. They play a major part 
in assuring that the System works 
effectively. 

It is always with a sense of pride 
that I relate to others the stories of 



selfless dedication I know involving 
our executive secretaries and local 
board clerks. I am sure this also 
holds true for the State Directors. 

If anyone creates a favorable 
impression for the System, it is 
these women, and the few men we 
have in these jobs. Normally, if you 
ask a registrant who symbolizes the 
System to him, he will most often 
answer, "My executive secretary" 
or "My local board clerk." She, or 
he, whichever the case may be, 
more than any other person, 
projects the initial impression of 
the System and the one which will 
remain with the young man for 
many years. 

There is the executive secretary 
who spent three nights in a sleeping 
bag in her local board office rather 
than be snowbound in her country 
home and not be able to open her 
board. 

Another executive secretary 
comes to mind who worked hard to 
find jobs for returning servicemen 
who had been inducted from her 
board. And, I might add, she was 
most successful. When flood waters 
generated by Hurricane Agnes were 
approaching an eastern town, one 
of our ladies saved her board 



records by carrying them to higher 
ground. How many of our women 
pieced a local board back together 
again after the destruction caused 
by anti-draft groups in the late 
1960s and early 1970s? There were 
many, I know. 

Our recent collocations were not 
without their problems for the local 
board staffs. Trying to carry on 
"business as usual" in the middle of 
such great change was not an easy 
task. One executive secretary did 
not even let the actual move stop 
her work. She had to locate some 
files which had already been loaded 
on a van, so she hopped on and 
searched for them while the truck 
was actually transporting her board 
to another town. 

I am extremely proud of our 
local board executive secretaries 
and clerks, and they deserve our 
highest commendation for their 
ingenuity, loyalty, and dedication. 
They represent the bonds of 
neighborhood and community 
which have always been funda- 
mental to the System. With the 
reduced budget and the System 
reverting to standby status, many 
of these fine people have left our 
active rolls. Their departures were 




SYSTEM TO AUTOMATE 
PROPERTY MANAGEMENT 

The System's computer soon will 
be assisting State Directors in 
maintaining an inventory of all 
accountable equipment (items 
which cost $100 or more), and all 
desks and file cabinets, in their 
State Headquarters and local 
boards. 

PAMS - to be known more 
formally as the Property Account- 
ing and Management System - is a 
new, fully automated system which 
will centralize the inventory, 
accounting for and management of 
property for the entire System. 

It is another action directed 
toward easing the administrative 
burden for all System elements, 
particularly State Headquarters, in- 
asmuch as it will replace the present 
manual property reporting system. 
The new system will enable man- 
agement to keep better control of 
property on hand and to plan for 
additional purchases by automated 
processing. PAMS also will provide 
data necessary for reporting to GSA 
on property management and utili- 
zation in the agency through 
quarterly and annual reports. 

Captain Joseph Black, the 
accountable officer for the nation- 
wide system, says that PAMS has 
been in the planning stages since 
March. Selective Service personnel 



Take 
Notice 




WAR OF 1812-When the volunteer army Congress had authorized could 
not be recruited during the War of 1812, the military reluctantly turned to 
the state militias. The above notice was issued to Daniel Kehler of Oley 
Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania. Mr. Kehler is the great great great 
Grandfather of Bruce Merkle, Administrative Assistant for Congressman 
William Bray (R-Ind). 



researched the property manage- 
ment systems of the General 
Services Administration and the 
Customs Bureau and used portions 
of each program in planning one 
for the System. GSA was chosen 
because it regulates property 
management for tire entire Federal 
government; Customs Bureau 
because its organizational structure 
closely resembles our own. 
A pilot program is now in 



progress using the Computer 
Service Center, National Head- 
quarters, and the National Appeal 
Board as a data base. Preliminary 
results of the pilot run indicated 
the feasibility of the system and 
prompted a management decision 
to pursue the program on a 
nationwide basis. A complete 
informational and instructional 
announcement will be made in the 
near future. 



noted with sadness, for those 
at National Headquarters are 
aware of their important c< 
butions. 

To those of you who remain 
the System, I know you 
continue to serve in the spirit 
has been so vividly demonstrat 
the past. It goes without saying 
the Nation has been, and 
continue to be, much the bette 
your service - service which I k 
in many cases has been at 
personal sacrifice. 

Byron V. Pep) 

VETERAN JOB RIGHTS 
BILL INTRODUCED 

A legislative proposal goven 
reemployment of veterans rece 
was introduced in both House 
Congress by Senator Jenn 
Randolph (D-W. Va.) and Repre 
tative G. William Whiteh 
(R-Va.). The proposal (S. K 
would make the veterans' re 
ployment rights provision 
Section 9 of the Military Seleo 
Service Act mandatory upon st 
and their political subdivisions 
as it now is upon private indus 
Now, the Act merely has a "si 
of the Congress" provision urj 
the states and their polit 
subdivisions to protect their ( 
employees who leave for milit 
training or service. Most states h 
enacted reemployment rights le 
lation of some kind but j 
provisions vary widely in scope ! 
effect and generally do not pro\ 
any administrative enforcem 
machinery. 

The bill also would rest 
jurisdiction to the U.S. Civil Sen 
Commission in cases invoh 
veterans' reemployment rights ^ 
the U.S. Postal Service. I 
Commission had this jurisdict 
before the Postal Reorganizal 
Act, but under the terms of : 
Act, the Commission has disdain 
such jurisdiction. 



lector Visits 
iwaiian Local 

cards 

the first time in 16 years, a 
or of Selective Service has 
le opportunity to meet with 
i personnel of each local 
in the Hawaiian Islands. - 

occasion of Mr. Pepitone's 
was the American Legion's 
lal Convention held in Hono- 

where he addressed the 

,'s National Security Commis- 




Inez Kalua of Hawaii State 
larters admires her 30-year service 
presented to her by Director 



le in Hawaii, the Director 
I the State Headquarters as 
s the local boards on all the 

5. 

is trip afforded me the 
tunity to personally extend 
tanks to the uncompensated 
inel of Hawaii for their 
med service and to urge them 
nain affiliated with Selective 
e during the standby phase," 
ir. Pepitone. "I also was able 
plain to them the continuing 
tion of the System and the 
ity to maintain it in support 
All- Volunteer Force." 
ing his local board visits, Mr. 
>ne personally presented Cer- 
es of Appreciation, Certifi- 
of Appointment, and pins for 
5, 20, and 30 years of service 
:al board members, Advisors 
egjstrants, and compensated 
inel. The 30-year pins were 
ited to Mrs. Emma Bertie- 
Executive Secretary of Local 
11 on the island of Hawaii, 
rs. Inez Kalua of Hawaii State 
[uarters. 

and Mrs. Kalua honored the 

>nes by presenting them with 

lima leis, formerly reserved 

or visiting royalty. 

:ctor Pepitone's visit to all of 

iawaiian boards was made 

lble because of the hard work 

e following executive secre- 

Mrs. Harriet Albao, Local 

7, Kauai; Mrs. Jane Lee, 

Board 8, Molokai; Mrs. 




Nation wide- Newspapers 
Give Support To Standby 
Selective Service System 



Director Byron Pepitone presents Mrs. 
Margaret Goo of Area Office No. 2, 
Honolulu, her 25-year service award. 
Colonel Oyasato, State Director of 
Hawaii, is on the left. 

Marian Honda, Local Board 9, 
Lanai; Mrs. Velma Bissen, Local 
Board 10, Maui; Mrs. Emma 
Bertlemann, Local Board 1 1 , 
Hawaii, and Mrs. Alice Botelho, 
Local Board 12, Hawaii. 

Ways Sought To 
Reduce Operating 
Expenses 

As a result of our reduced 
appropriation for Fiscal Year 1974, 
State Directors have been urged to 
use every available means to reduce 
the operating costs for their State 
Headquarters and local boards. 

Director Pepitone has stated that 
our ability to operate under the 
reduced appropriation without 
further drastic personnel cuts will 
depend a great deal on our ability 
to tighten our belts and reduce 
operating costs. 

Major cost areas have been 
defined and suggestions for cost 
reductions have been presented to 
the Directors through a series of 
"Reduction of Operating 
Expenses" letters issued by 
National Headquarters. 

The cost areas being closely 
scrutinized are: space, telephones, 
penalty mail and motor vehicles. 
According to Mr. E. M. Kline, 
Administrative Services Division 
Manager, numerous reports have 
been received at National 
Headquarters indicating that State 
Directors are personally supervising 
their state efforts and that many 
cost reductions have already been 
achieved. 

A significant contribution to this 
program has been made by 
National. As a result of a 
presentation made to the General 
Services Administration, the FY '74 
Federal Telecommunications 
System intercity network bill for 
the System was reduced from 
$764,000 to $564,000. GSA agreed 
to the reduction because their 
original billing was computed when 
the System had 2,700 local board 
sites and 7,300 employees. 



From California to Florida, New 
York to Oregon -- newspapers are 
supporting Selective Service in a 
standby capacity. 

Many editorial writers believe 
that Selective Service should be 
maintained to support the All- 
Volunteer Force in the event of a 
national emergency. Here are some 
excerpts from editorials appearing 
in major newspapers: 
West Palm Beach, Florida, 
Post-Times: 
"Considering the problems of 
switching to an all-volunteer 
army, it is good that the 
Selective Service mechanism 
remains in force, requiring men 
to register for the draft when 
they turn 18. This gives the 
nation something to fall back 
on should an emergency arise 
and large numbers of troops be 
needed in a hurry." 
California, San Diego Union: 
"Congress wisely has not 
allowed the Selective Service 
law to expire. There is standby 
authority to resume the draft 
in an emergency." 
Washington, D.C., The Evening 
Star: 
"And we trust that young men 
will remember ... to register at 
age 18 and receive lottery 
numbers. For though the draft 
is defunct, the Selective Service 
machinery still functions, to 
provide a ready pool of 
manpower in the event of a 
national emergency. This is a 
slight inconvenience, true 
enough, but a necessary 
precaution that must not soon 
be abandoned." 
Tennessee, The Nashville Banner: 
"We never have thought the 
all-volunteer army was ad- 
equate to guarantee the defense 
of this country by itself. The 
continuation of a standby draft 
is vital to the country's 
long-range defense efforts. 
Eighteen-year-old men should 
not forget their obligations to 
register." 
Alabama, The Montgomery In- 
dependent: 
"To abolish the Selective 
Service System is to gamble 
with the nation's security. 
Inasmuch as not a single man 
need be drafted by merely 
keeping the structure intact, it 
would seem to be imprudent at 
this time for the relatively 
small sum of money involved in 
the retention of the Selective 
Service System, as compared to 
the tremendous sum being 



invested in the all-volunteer 
force, to dismantle the struc- 
ture and to rely upon the 
ability of the all-volunteer 
force to do something which in 
fact the volunteer force was 
never intended to do -- namely, 
to defend this nation in time of 
crisis." 

New State 
Director Named 
In Nebraska 

Edward C. Binder, a native 
Nebraskan, is the new State 
Director of Selective Service in 
Nebraska. Director Byron V. 
Pepitone administered the oath of 
office to Mr. Binder in the presence 
of Governor J. James Exon at his 
State House office. 

Mr. Binder enlisted in the Army 
at Fort Crook, Nebraska in June 
1943, and he was soon fighting in 
the European Theater. He served in 
France, Germany, Belgium and 
Austria before his separation in 
1946. 







Edward C. Binder, 
Nebraska State Director 

In 1948 he was commissioned a 
Second Lieutenant in the Colorado 
National Guard. He then served 
briefly in the New Mexico Guard' 
before joining the Nebraska Guard 
in 1950. He presently holds the 
rank of Colonel in the Guard and 
was Military Support Plans Officer 
until his appointment as State 
Director on August 1, 1973. 

Mr. Binder received his B.S. 
degree in Law Enforcement and 
Corrections from the University of 
Nebraska in 1971. 

He, his wife, Roma, and their two 
children, Gary and Nancy, reside in 
Lincoln. 



Chapter 680- 
NewProvisions 

For Medical 
Specialists 



All medical specialists formerly 
classified in Classes 1-A, 1-A-0, 1-0, 
and 2-A will now be reclassified by 
their local boards into Classes 
1-AM, 1-A-OM, 1-OM, and 2-AM as 
provided in Chapter 680 of the 
Registrants Processing Manual. The 
Chapter also provides local boards 
with indicators for identifying 
medical specialists by professional 
specialty. For example, a doctor of 
medicine whose previous 
classification was 3-A will now be 
identified as a 3-AM. This 
designation does not change his 
classification of 3-A; it merely 
identifies him as a medical specialist 
and indicates his specialty. The 
identifiers for the medical 
specialities are: 
Doctors of Medicine - M 
Doctors of Osteopathy - O 
Doctors of Optometry - E 
Doctors of Podiatry - P 
Doctors of Veterinary 
Medicine \ - V 

Dentists - D 

Registered Nurses - N 

Detailed instructions for 
reporting these identifications to 
the Registrant Information Bank, 
and a sample Status Card are 
included in the Chapter. 

Priority groups now have been 
established for medical specialists 
and will be referred to as First 
Priority Selection Group - Medical, 
etc. Until this revised Chapter was 
issued, a medical specialist was said 
to be in his year of prime 
vulnerability, rather than in the 
First Priority Selection Group. The 



VFW BACKS SYSTEM 

AT 

CONVENTION 

The Veterans of Foreign Wars 
endorsed a standby Selective Service 
System at the VFW's national con- 
vention held in New Orleans. 

Mr. Samuel R. Shaw, Legislation 
and Liaison Officer at National 
Headquarters, served as a special 
consultant to the VFW's National 
Security Committee at the affair. 



length of time a man remains in 
each priority group, i.e., 365 days 
from the date he entered the 
priority group, remains the same. 
Unlike other registrants, though, a 
medical specialist enters the First 
Priority Selection Group upon the 
completion of his first professional 
degree or upon completion of his 
internship; therefore, his 365-day 
period of prime vulnerability will 
not normally coincide with the 
calendar year. 



Wisconsin 
Schools Aid 
Registration 



Wisconsin has gained the support 
of 450 of its 520 high schools to 
register men with the Selective 
Service System. 

Last May, State Director Robert 
Levine obtained mailing labels for 
all principals of the public, private 
and parochial secondary schools 
from the Wisconsin Department of 
Education. He then sent a personal 
letter to each principal and 
explained the reduction in local 
board sites, the importance for 
young men to fulfill their 
obligation to register with the 
System, and requested registration 
assistance from the schools as a 
service to their students. The replies 
were overwhelmingly favorable. 
The few schools which declined did 
so because of a lack of staff. 

In Janesville, the lack of school 
staff was compensated for by the 
Janesville Community Service 
Bureau which agreed to provide 
volunteer registrars at each of the 
community's two high schools on 
the first and third Mondays of each 
month. The office space was 
donated by the schools. 

Once a registrar was obtained, a 
System employee personally swore 
in the registrar, and explained the 
registration procedure. The registrar 
then was given detailed written 
instructions, and a supply of the 
Form 1, posters, and current 
booklets. 

In areas where schools could not 
assist the System, Mr. Levine 
obtained the help of various offices, 
such as the Register of Deeds, the 
Veterans Service Officer, the Post- 
master and in Sheboygan, the 
Mayor's secretary. 

The number of schools cooper- 
ating with the System is still 
increasing as some principals waited 
until schools reopened in Septem- 
ber to reply. 



Chicago, Ft. Worth 
Service Centers Clos 



As part of the major 
reorganization of the System and 
the reduction of National 
Headquarters elements, the Service 
Centers in Region VI (Fort Worth) 
and Region V (Chicago) have been 
closed. The functions of Region VI 
now are being handled by Region 
IV in Atlanta, and the functions of 
Region V have been transferred to 
Region VIII in Denver. 

The Service Center concept was 
adopted in 1969 in line with the 
President's order to " streamline the 
structure and processes of Federal 
agencies in the field." 

All six service centers retained 
both the personnel and fiscal 
functions until the spring of 1973. 
At that time, management 
determined that the System could 
be further streamlined by 
centralizing the disbursement 
function but retaining the regional 
personnel offices. 

When Ft. Worth's loss of key 



personnel, caused by attritioi 
retirement, became 
management weighed the op 
of either restaffing Ft. Won 
moving the operations to an 
service center. The latter o 
was chosen as the 
cost-effective and efficient me 
of operation. When further 
reductions became nece 
because of the lower appropria 
for FY '74, the decision was \ 
to close the Chicago center, 
move its functions to Denver. 

The closing- of the two Se 
Centers will save the Sy 
approximately $468,000 per 
in personnel and r| 
administrative costs. 

Today, Selective Service 
moved from a totally deceritra 
administrative system to one v 
is more centralized and still 
provide State Directors 
professional assistance 
keeping within the limited bu 



SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM REGIONS 




Effective Date September 1, 



The map above portrays the new alignment of Selective Service Regional S( 
Centers with States clustered in each grouping being handled by that par| 
Service Center. 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by the Director of the Bureai 
the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information between National Headquarters| 
other components of the Selective Service System as well as the general public, 
ever, nothing contained herein may be accepted as modifying or enlarging provisiorj 
the Military Selective Service Act or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Registrant Information Section, Natrl 
Headquarters, Selective Service System, 1724 F Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 2o| 
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 
ington, D.C. 20402. Price 20 cents (single copy). Subscription price: $2.00 per yj 
50 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



*U.S. Goverment Printing Office: 1973-784-391/4 Refl 



WASHINGTON, D.C. NOVEMBER 1973 




Selective Service MEWS 



SAN FRANCISCO | W O 

PUBLIC LIBF-ASY 
OL. W. ROBERT 
CHERFF, APPOINTED 
JOIS STATE DIRECTOR 

eutenant Colonel W. Robert 
lierff is the new State 
tor of Selective Service for 
is following his nomination 
linois' Governor, Daniel 
:r. 

ilonel Kinscherff s military 
r commenced when he was 



State Directors Are Named 




snant Colonel W. Robert Kinscherff , 
Director of Selective Service for 



lissioned as a Second Lieu- 
t in the Army after receiving 
.A. from the University of 
at El Paso. 

spent two years on active 
serving in the Canal Zone, 
in 1953 was released to the 
e Reserve. 

Dlonel Kinscherff became a 

tive Service Reserve Officer in 

and entered upon active 

in 1967. He was assigned to 

California State Headquarters 



in Sacramento as a Manpower 
Officer. Subsequently, he was 
asked to serve as Chief of the 
Alternate Service Program and 
later as Chief of the Manpower 
Division. 

In 1971, when the California 
Southern Area Headquarters was 
established, Colonel Kinscherff 
served there as Assistant Deputy 
State Director. 

Recently, he was presented 
with the Selective Service System's 
Meritorious Service Award for his 
many contributions to the System 
in California. 

Colonel Kinscherff will be 
joined in Springfield, Illinois, by 
his wife, Joan, and their four 
children. 



HAROLD E. BROWN, 
APPOINTED WEST VIRGINIA 
STATE DIRECTOR 

Mr. Harold E. Brown is the new 
State Director of West Virginia, 
having been sworn in on October 
1, 1973. Major General Jack W. 
Blair, former State Director 
administered the oath of office to 
Mr. Brown in the presence of 
Governor Arch A. Moore, Jr. 

Mr. Brown assumed the duties 
of State Director after completing 
20 years of outstanding service to 
the System in West Virginia which 
he began as an Assistant Clerk in 
Local Board No. 37, in Union. 

Like so many State Directors, 
Mr. Brown was inducted into the 
U.S. Army. He began his military 



career in 1950, received orders for 
Korea in June 1951 and arrived at 
Inchon during August. He joined 
the 25th Infantry Division as a 
Private, and five months later had 
achieved the rank of Master 
Sergeant. He was released from 
active duty in September 1952, 
spent four years in the Reserves 
and was discharged in 1956. 

His military awards include the 
Army's Commendation Medal, the 
Korean Service Medal with two 




Mr. Peter P. Pierce, Jr., Florida's State Director of Selective Service, was 
awarded the Legion of Merit by Director Byron V. Pepitone, left, during a recent 
ceremony in Florida. Major General Henry W. McMillan, Florida's Adjutant 
General, right, also participated in the ceremony. Mr. Pierce received this military 
award for his exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding 
services to the System from October 1962 to September 1972, while serving on 
active duty as a Colonel in the Army. Mr. Pierce retired from the Army in 
September 1972. He has been State Director since February 1971. 




Harold E. Brown, State Director of 
Selective Service for West Virignia. 

campaign stars, and the South 
Korean Presidential Citation. 

During his Selective Service 
career, Mr. Brown has been 
awarded Certificates of Apprecia- 
tion from the Air Force and Navy, 
and the Certificate of Merit and 
Certificate of Award from the 
Director of Selective Service. 

Mr. Brown is married to the 
former Betty Lou Keeney. In May 
1973, the Browns celebrated the 
birth of their first child -- a 
daughter, Kathryn Elizabeth. 



State Legislators, School Officials Aid System 



ate Directors have called upon 
bers of their State Legislatures 
chool systems to help spread 
vord that young men are still 
red to register with Selective 
ce. 

Ir. Harold E. Brown, West 
inia State Director, received 
usiastic support from Mr. 
is N. McManus, Speaker of the 
se of Delegates, who wrote to 
y high school principal in the 
:. He asked them to remind 
! students of their current 
Rations under Selective Service 
Mr. McManus also issued a 
s release on registration which 



resulted in newspaper coverage 
throughout the state. 

In Ohio, State Senators 
responded to State Director Paul 
Corey's request for assistance by 
issuing news releases explaining the 
role of the standby Selective 
Service and reminding young men 
to register. Other Ohio legislators 
agreed to inform their constituents 
through newsletters. Mr. Corey 
also received the support of the 
Ohio County Commissioners' 
Association in recruiting volunteer 
registrars and in locating meeting 
places for local boards in county 
buildings. As a result of their 
assistance, approximately 25 local 



boards now meet in county 
courthouses. 

Colonel Edward Pagano, State 
Director in Alaska, reports that 
State Senator Robert H. Ziegler, 
Sr., sent a letter to the Editor of 
the Ketchikan Daily News which 
emphasized the continuing respon- 
sibility of young men to register 
and gave locations of registrars, 
while the Commissioner of 
Education, Dr. Marshall L. Lind, 
sent a memorandum to all district 
superintendents and secondary 
school principals requesting that 
all high schools in Alaska 
cooperate by allowing registrars to 
visit the schools periodically and 



register eligible young men, and by 
displaying the registration re- 
minder posters. 

In North Carolina, the Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, Mr. 
A. Craig Phillips, was quick to 
carry the ball on State Director 
William H. McCachren's request 
for /-support of the registration 
publicity campaign. All high 
school superintendents were 
requested to permit the placement 
of posters in conspicuous places in 
their schools, such as bulletin 
boards, lunch rooms, gymnasiums 
and elsewhere. Mr. Phillips also 
used his newsletter to relate this 
information to the schools. 



1 



From The Director 

"Equal Opportunity" 



In this issue of the Selective 
Service News, I would like to 
unequivocally restate my com- 
mitment to Equal Employment 
Opportunity. It is my policy to 
provide equal employment oppor- 
tunity to all employees, and 
applicants for employment, of the 
System; to promote a fuller 
realization of equal opportunity in 
the System; and to resolve or 
adjudicate promptly and fairly all 
allegations of discrimination. I 
promise no let-up in my 
commitment and in my deter- 
mination to make the Selective 
Service System the shining light of 
equal employment opportunity in 
the Federal government. I know 
that all employees share my 
commitment and determination. 

The National Headquarters 
Equal Employment Opportunity 
staff has been directed to work 
with our personnel to carry out 
my mandate to eradicate all 
semblance of discrimination from 
the System. 

Now I would like to make a 
few comments about our EEO 
counselors and our 1974 Affirma- 
tive Action Plans. First, the 
counselors: 



EEO counselors play a vital role 
in the Equal Employment Oppor- 
tunity Program. They provide an 
opportunity for informally resolv- 
ing EEO complaints at the level at 
which the complaint occurs. Coun- 
selors establish an open and sympa- 
thetic channel through which em- 
ployees may raise questions, discuss 
grievances, get answers, and obtain 
resolutions to problems connected 
with EEO. 

All Selective Service System 
employees, or applicants for 
employment, who feel they have 
been discriminated against because 
of race, color, religion, sex or 
national origin have the RIGHTto 
seek counseling in an attempt to 
resolve the matter. Complainants 
and all others involved in the case, 
i.e., witnesses and complainants' 
representatives, shall be free from 
restraint, interference, coercion, or 
reprisal at all stages in the 
processing of a complaint. 

I urge that all Selective Service 
officers, managers, and supervisors 
give full support to counselors in 
the performance of their duties 
under the EEO program. 

We have recently received an 
advance copy of the Civil Service 



Commission's Letter 713-22, 
which deals with Equal Employ- 
ment Opportunity Affirmative 
Action Plans for 1974. As soon as 
the regular distribution is made, a 
copy will be forwarded to each 
State Director and Regional 
Service Center Administrator. 

Our requirement for submission 
of 1974 Affirmative Action Plans 
is the same as our 1973 
requirement. States with 50 or 
more full-time employees as of 
January 1, 1974, are required to 
submit plans to the regional Civil 
Service Commission office for 
approval. Those states affected are 
required to submit their plans to 
National Headquarters by Decem- 
ber 1, 1973, for review. We want 
to have all plans reviewed, and 
where necessary, revisions made so 
that we can meet the deadline of 
submission to the Civil Service 
Commission of February 1, 1974. 
State Directors and Service Center 
Administrators are urged to give 
personal attention to the timely 
completion of these plans. 

States not required to submit 
plans to the Civil Service 
Commission for approval are 
required to develop realistic plans 




in the same manner as other s 1 
and to have them available 
possible on-site inspections by 
or Selective Service Perso 
Management Specialists or 
forwarding to CSC or Nati 
Headquarters upon request. 

As 1973 comes to a close 
we enter 1974, I believe that' 
the total commitment and de< 
tion of all Selective Set 
employees, improvement will 
made in minority and wol 
representation at all levels of 
work force. 

Byron V. Pepi' 



Poster Program Supported 



Enthusiastic responses to Direc- 
tor Byron V. Pepitone's request 
for support of the System's poster 
program have been received from 
officials in government and the 
private sector. 

In some instances, the officials 
wrote to their field representatives 
and asked that they be receptive 
to System personnel who would 
be distributing the posters. 
Organizations which do not have 
suitable display locations are 
assisting by publishing items in 
their newsletters regarding the 
registration requirement for 18- 
year-old men. 

Following are examples of the 
support being given and excerpts 
from a few of the letters to Mr. 
Pepitone; 

The American Legion: 
I endorse this proposal whole- 
heartedly and will use every 
means at our disposal to assist 
you. 

Joe L. Matthews 
National Commander 

The Legion support has been 
immediate, with display of posters 
in Legion posts and the 
publication of registration items in 



many local and state newsletters. 

United States Air Force 
Recruiting Service: 

USAF Recruiting Service is 
happy to cooperate in your 
efforts to ensure that every 
young man in the Nation is 
aware of his Tesponsibility for 
registering with Selective Serv- 
ice. 

Conrad S. Allman, Briga- 
dier General, USAF 

Commander 

Registration posters can be seen 
on the office walls of many Air 
Force recruiters as evidence of the 
cooperation promised by General 



Allman. 

National Association of Secon- 
dary School Principals: 
The NASSP does have a 
number of publications which 
are disseminated regularly to 
some 35,000 members in all 
sections of the country. I am 
asking our editor, Dr. Thomas 
Koerner, to plan for an 
appropriate reference so that 
those approaching their 
eighteenth birthdays will be 
aware of current requirements 
and opportunities. 

Owen Kiernan 

Executive Secretary, 
NASSP 



THINKING OF RETIREMENT? 



All employees who are 
planning to retire should 
submit their Application for 
Retirement (Standard Form 
2801) at least 30 days prior 
to their planned retirement 
date. 

"This new procedure has 
been adopted so that these 
dedicated and highly 
respected employees will not 
face lengthy delays in 
receiving their first retire- 



ment checks," Director Byron 
V. Pepitone announced. 

Employees should submit 
their retirement forms to 
their respective Regional 
Service Center. The 30 days 
will allow the Service 
Centers to process the 
necessary paperwork so that 
the retirees can receive their 
initial retirement checks on a 
timely basis. 



The registration reminder 
be included in the Noverr 
issues of the "NASSP Newsletl 
and the "NASSP Bulletin". Co; 
of both of these publications 
sent to all members of 
Association. 

U. S. Postal Service 

A notice will be placed in] 
Postal Bulletin informing p ; 
masters of your informal 
program and authorizing til 
to display the posters. 

E. T. Klassen 

The Postmaster Genera; 

Individual postmasters Jj 
managers of buildings occupied 
post offices have been nj 
cooperative in displaying 
posters. 

MANPOWER COSTS 

Defense manpower costl 
consume about 56 percent 
of the total Defense budget, 
not counting various indirect 
costs such as medicai 
programs and housing com 
struction. 



Isle Of Isolated Registrants 



is article was written by 
Harriet Albao, Executive 
iry of Local Board No. 7 in 

al Board No. 7 on the 

of Kauai, Hawaii, has the 
;tion of jurisdiction over 
ants living on a privately 
I island about 17 miles from 
ores. This is the island of 

which itself is unique, 
chased in 1863 from King 
lameha V, the island is 
by the Robinson family. 
gh the years, the island has 
led practically untouched by 
lands of modern age, its 
e preserved. There are no 
obiles, no telephones or 
city, but a radiophone is 
when necessary. Non-inhab- 
may visit only by invitation 

residents or owners, 
importation is by barge 

makes normally one round 
week with mail, supplies and 
ng residents. The trip takes 

four hours each way. This is 
leans by which Niihau young 
report to Local Board No. 7 
med forces examinations. 

selectees must be flown to 
ulu for examination, family 
iers often come to the local 

to see the young men off. 
is always touched by their 

demeanor and the affection 

radiates from them 
ably between father and son. 
bert K. Pahulehau was the 
ive Service registrar and 
or to Registrants on Niihau 
5 years. He was also the 



island's school principal and 
deputy registrar for the State 
Board of Health. He typified the 
Niihau Hawaiian -- kindly, soft- 
spoken and unassuming. Taken by 
death early this year, he was 
succeeded by Henry Kaipo 
Kanahele. 

And the name Kanahele never 
fails to bring to mind the story of 
Benehakaka Kanahele, an Ameri- 
can war hero. 

On December 7, a Japanese 
pilot, after taking part in the Pearl 
Harbor attack, ran out of gas and 
crash-landed his single-seater 
fighter plane on Niihau. Without 
communications, the inhabitants 
of the island had not heard of the 
attack on Pearl Harbor. A cowboy 
named Hawila Kaleohano found 
the pilot, and the story is that 
Hawila became suspicious when 
the pilot tried to draw his pistol. 
Hawila disarmed him and also took 
a map and some "papers" and hid 
them. The pilot later escaped from 



where he was kept and was able to 
dismantle his machine gun from 
his damaged plane. With this, he 
started terrorizing the villagers in 
search of the hidden "war papers" 
which were never found, although 
he did retrieve his pistol and map. 
It was with this pistol that he 
shot Benehakaka Kanahele three 
times before Bene "got mad", 
picked up the flier by his neck 
and one leg -- like he had often 
handled sheep - and smashed the 
flier's head against a stone wall. In 
the meantime, four men in a 
whaleboat had rowed for 16 hours 
to Kauai to summon aid. The 
rescue party consisted of 13 
enlisted men, the four ranch hands 
from Niihau, Aylmer Robinson of 
the family which owns Niihau, and 
two other civilians. They were led 
by a young Army officer, then 
Lieutenant Jack Mizuha, who later 
became Captain Mizuha of the 
famed 100th Infantry Battalion of 
the 442nd Regimental Combat 



RED CROSS VOLUNTEERS 

Members of the Upper Pinellas 
Chapter of die American Red 
Cross in Clearwater, Florida, have 
become volunteer registrars and in 
the month of August registered 
180 young men for Selective 
Service. 

Mrs. Betty Weisbrodt, right, a 
Red Cross volunteer is shown 
registering a young man with the 
Selective Service System. 




Team, and still later an Associate 
Justice of the Hawaii Supreme 
Court. 

Kanahele was awarded the 
Medal of Merit and the Purple 
Heart on August 15, 1945, and 
the saying, "And then I got mad", 
became a household phrase. 

English is taught in the school 
which is part of the state school 
system but is limited to the 
elementary grades. The principal 
language, however, is Hawaiian - a 
slightly different Hawaiian -- tones 
are more softly rounded, more 
musical. 

Industry centers around ranch- 
ing and the production of honey 
and charcoal. In recent years, 
Niihau has also become known for 
its beautiful shell leis which are 
among prized possessions of those 
who can afford them or are fortu- 
nate enough to receive them as gifts. 
Purchasers include visitors from all 
over the world who buy them in 
Kauai stores. 

There are no policemen on the 
island -- they have never been 
needed. The Robinson family has 
shown Local Board No. 7 every 
consideration in implementing the 
provisions of the Selective Service 
law. 

Do the people of Niihau want a 
change? In recent feelers by the 
state to purchase the island, 
Niihau residents rose in protest 
and pleaded that they be left as 
they are. For the time being at 
least, the state has not pursued the 
subject. So it is still tranquil on 
Niihau. 



New Dual-Purpose 



e new Report of Manpower 

tory (SSS Form 116), which 

combined worksheet and 

made its appearance early 

igust and was used initially 

he July 1973 report. The 

mentation of the new form 

it time enabled the System to 

the new fiscal year with a 

improved and more compre- 

'e report. 

is form is considered far 
ior to any previous man- 
report and provides more 
lete, factual information on 
lanpower picture at all levels 
System. 

e one aspect of the new 
that raised questions in 
local boards, but now is 
ughly understood, is that a 
Uation of a registration must 
ported as an administrative 
i rather than a local board 
i and entered accordingly on 
;port. This procedure will be 



confirmed in a forthcoming 
revision of Chapter 613 of the 
RPM. 

The Operational Programs 
Branch of the Operations Division 
of National Headquarters has 
provided the following quick "trial 
balance" method of checking the 
completed reports before submis- 
sion: 

1. Total of Column A must 
balance total of block 26b 
plus top line of box 27. 

2. Total of Column B must 
balance total of Column F. 

3. Total of Column C must 
balance total of Column G. 

4. Total of Column E must 
balance block 26a. 

The section of the report 
showing registration figures for the 
mondi and for the year to date, 
and the simplified method of 
handling cancellations and those 
files dropped from accountability 
are outstanding improvements 
incorporated in the new "116". 



"Sorry, Colonel Erb!" Always A Way, 



An article on the induction of 
Glenn Bowles into the U.S. Army's 
Infantry Officers Candidate School 
Hall of Fame which appeared in the 
September issue of the "News" also 
mentioned other Selective Service 
officials who had previously received 
this honor. Unfortunately, the 
name of Colonel Norman L. Erb, 
State Director of Arizona, was omit- 
ted. He was inducted into the Hall 
of Fame on January 17, 1963, and 
was the 166th graduate of the 
school to be so honored. The Editor 
apologizes for the error. 

O VERSE A S STRENG TH 

Tlie Pentagon maintains 
1,963 bases and 600,000 
troops overseas. 

113% INCREASE 

In 1964, it cost the Army 
$5,435 a year per soldier; in 
1973, that cost jumped 
113% to $11,580. 



And A Place! 

Has collocation uprooted your 
local boards? Are they now 
searching for meeting places? 
Some novel "temporary" meeting 
places have been reported by State 
Director William H. McCachren of 
North Carolina. Local board 
meetings have been held at a 
picnic table in front of a hardware 
store, in the lobby of a motel, in a 
furniture store (the chairman 
interrupted the meeting to sell a 
freezer and fix a coffee pot), and 
in a funeral home. 



Copies of the June 30, 1973 
Semiannual Report of the Director 
of Selective Service have been dis- 
tributed to the field on the basis of 
one copy per administrative site. 
Additional copies are available for 
chairmen of local and appeal boards. 
Chairmen who would like a person: 
al copy should address their requests 
to National Headquarters, Atten- 
tion: AA. 



National Equal Employment Opportunity Organization 



DIRECTOR, SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM: Assures adequate 
financial and human resources are committed to achieve the goals of the 
Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Plan. Responsible 
for national policy-making and direction of the EEO Program. 

DEPUTY DIRECTOR, SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM: Provides 
executive direction to the plan. Evaluates executive and managerial 
performance in administering EEO responsibilities. 

MANPOWER ADMINISTRATOR: Consults with responsible top 
management officials concerning support of the Affirmative Action Plan. 

DIRECTOR, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY: Coordinates 
activities under the EEO Nationwide Affirmative Action Plan. Reviews 
subordinate echelons' plans for legal adequacy and feasibility of 
accomplishment. Evaluates agency's effectiveness in complying with the 
EEO Act of 1972. Administers the discrimination complaint system. 
Periodically informs top management of the EEO program's status. 

ASSISTANT TO THE DIRECTOR OF EEO: Assists EEO Director in 
the review of State and Service Center Affirmative Action Plans; 
provides semi-annual EEO progress reports to the EEO Director; 



provides statistics to the Civil Service Commission and managi 
officials of the System; accepts complaints of discrimination 
performs other EEO duties as assigned by the EEO Director. 

FEDERAL WOMEN'S PROGRAM COORDINATOR: Coordinate 
promotes the hiring, selection, promotion and training of women \ 
the context of the EEO Affirmative Action Plan. Develops and 
nationwide guidelines for conduct of the Federal Women's Pro 
Reviews and recommends responses to EEO complaints, with s; 
emphasis given to sex or race/sex discrimination cases. 

SIXTEEN-POINT SPANISH SPEAKING PROGRAM COORI 
TOR: Develops and coordinates agency implementation of 
Sixteen-point Spanish Speaking Program to assure equal opportunit 
Selective Service for Spanish-surnamed Americans. Rej 
discrimination complaints. 

STATE DIRECTORS COMMITTEE ON EEO: Meets at Nal 
Headquarters at such times as the Director of Selective Service q 
EEO Director, with the approval of the Director, deems necessa! 
recommend EEO policy, to advise on administration and implement 
of the EEO program, and to evaluate and recommend selections fc 
annual EEO awards. 



NATIONAL EEO COMMITTEE 



Col. Glantz 
MEMBER 



Mr. Martin 
MEMBER 




tit* 



'Federal Women's Program Coordinator 
"Sixteen-point Spanish Speaking Program Coordinator 




Mr. Pepitone 
DIRECTOR, SSS 



Mr. Dewhurst 
DEPUTY DIRECTOR 



Mr. Wisniewski 

MANPOWER 
ADMINISTRATOR 



Mrs. S. Rosemergy 
DIRECTOR, EEO 



Mrs. S. Peters 

ASSISTANT TO 
DIRECTOR, EEO 




al put 



Use of funds for printing of this publication approved by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information between National Headquarters and other components of the Selective Service System as well as the gene 
However, nothing contained herein may be accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the Military Selective Service Act, or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Registrant Information Section, National Headquarters, Selective Service System, 1724 F Street, N.W., Washington, E 
20435. Price 20 cents (single copy). Subscription price: $2.00 per year; 50 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



WASHINGTON, D.C. 



DECEMBER 1973/JANUARY 1974 




Selecliue Sen/ice MEWS 



; 



stem Plans Mail-In Registration Program 



ung men who live in remote 
of the country will soon be 

register with Selective Ser- 

mail for the first time in the 

s history, 
ognizing that the collocation 
al boards has imposed a hard- 
some young men who are 
ed to register, Director Byron 
pitone has authorized the 
tion of mail-in registration, 
lew program is scheduled to 

January 1974. 
(lis system has been designed, 
rer, to permit individuals to 
by mail only when they 
t conveniently present fhem- 

before an uncompensated 
ar, or report in person to a 
board," Mr. Pepitone empha- 

mail-in system has been 
in selected areas in four 
Michigan, North Carolina, 

and Washington. The tests 

that a high percentage of 
>rms were completed correctly 

registrants, the vandalism 
/as low, and fictitious regjstra- 
counted for less than one 

of the overall response, 
rth Carolina State Director 

H. McCachren said: "The 
im was highly successful, and 
ild deem it appropriate to use 
ices where individuals cannot 
sniently register with an 
ipensated registrar or at a 
loard." 

arr Is Appointed 
Vice President 

Curtis W. Tan, former 
tor of the Selective Service 
has been named Vice 
lent for Overseas Operations 

ere & Co. in Moline, Illinois. 
:placing General Lewis B. 
ley in April 1970, Dr. Tan- 
he System until May 1972, 
he was appointed Under 
tary of State for Security 
tance. 

ior to his appointment as 
tor of Selective Service, Dr. 
was Assistant Secretary of the 

Force for Manpower and 
■ve Affairs. 



Washington State Director 
Richard G. Marquardt commented: 
"We were very pleased with the 
results of the registration by mail 
test program. There were no inci- 
dents of vandalism and young men 
were very careful to be accurate in 
making out their own registration 
cards." Mr. Marquardt added: "A 
benefit of the registration by mail 



program that may not be apparent at 
first glance is the amount of energy 
that could be saved by making it 
possible for young men to register 
by mail in their own community 
rather man having to drive to their 
local boards, thereby saving many 
precious gallons of gasoline." 

The mail-in registration method 
will use a free-standing, yellow and 




On Retirement 



Colonel Jensen Honored by System 



Colonel Maxwell 0. Jensen, 
USMC (Ret.), who recently retired 
from Selective Service, was 
presented with the System's 
Exceptional Service Award for his 
valuable contributions to Selective 
Service throughout his 16-year 
tenure. The presentation was made 
by California State Director Carlos 
Ogden on behalf of Director 
Byron V. Pepitone. 

Colonel Jensen began his long 
association with the System when 
he held the rank of Captain. He 
was an officer assigned by the War 
Department for duty with the 
Office of Selective Service 
Records, and served his first two- 



week active duty tour with the 
System in March 1948. 

He joined the National Head- 
quarters staff in 1957 when he 
was assigned as Assistant Chief of 
the Office of Legislation, Liaison, 
and Public Information. While in 
this office, Colonel Jensen was 
instrumental in developing the 
regulations for the present lottery 
system. 

In June 1970, he was appointed 
Operations Division Manager, a 
position he held until November 
1971 when he joined the Cali- 
fornia State Headquarters as 
Deputy State Director. 



blue poster with an attached box to 
hold the SSS Form 1 mailer. In late 
December, the pre-folded forms 
will be issued to local boards 
designated by the State Director. 
These local boards will stamp their 
return address on the cards. The 
cards and posters will then be distri- 
buted in selected areas to locations 
which are frequently visited by 
young men and/or their families. 

The new system has a two-fold 
purpose: (1) to make registration 
convenient for young men who 
reside some distance from a desig- 
nated place of registration, and (2) 
to inform 18-year-old men that 
registration still is required. 

The success of registering young 
men with Selective Service depends 
entirely upon the hard work and 
resourcefulness of System per- 
sonnel. The use of the "mailer" will 
require a certain amount of main- 
tenance and visits to the display 
sites. Each State will evaluate and 
report the progress of its program 
to determine the effectiveness of 
certain locations, the response of 
the community, and the number of 
registrations actually accomplished 
through this method of registration. 

The administration of the mail- 
in registration program is the 
responsibility of the State Director. 

This program will in no way 
replace existing registration pro- 
cedures but will be used as a means 
of registration in selected locations 
when uncompensated registrars or 
local boards cannot be conveniently 
reached by individuals required to 
register. 

Number of Volunteer 
Registrars Continues 
to Increase 

Over 17,000 and still increas- 
ing-that's the story with volunteer 
registrars these days. 

Ohio leads the System with 
1,318 as of mid-November, fol- 
lowed closely by Pennsylvania 
with 1,287 and Puerto Rico with 
1,184. Even National Headquarters 
has one-Mrs. Dorothy Alvey of 
the Operations Division. 



From the Director 



Computer Center Aids Management 



When nine boards in Puerto 
Rico were damaged by fire, a 
telephone call by the State Direc- 
tor to the Computer Service Cen- 
ter activated the Burroughs B3500 
computer and within a few hours 
a reconstruction report for Puerto 
Rican registrants with records in 
the Registrant Information Bank 
(RIB) was on its way to the 
island. RIB has also come to the 
aid of boards in Arkansas, 
Montana and Ohio which were 
damaged or destroyed by fire. But, 
important as this service is to the 
System, it is only one of many 
provided by the Computer Center. 

I have visited a number of 
states during the past several 
months and have been privileged 
to discuss the computer operation 
with many local board members, 
executive secretaries and site 
supervisors. In my discussions with 
these dedicated persons, I found 
an intense interest in RIB. Since it 
is impossible for me to speak 
personally with all System mem- 
bers, I am using this column to 
provide more information about 
RIB. 

RIB is the data processing 
system which turns input from 
OCR forms into output reports 
(printouts) which pertain solely to 
registrants. Registrant information 
typed on OCR forms is machine- 
read at the Computer Center, 
electronically printed on magnetic 
tape and stored on reels in an 
information bank. Whenever RIB 
reports are prepared, whether for 
verifying local board reports or for 
management purposes, the infor- 
mation is recalled from storage, 
processed, and printed in report 
form for distribution. 

Much of the recent activity at 
the local boards and State Head- 
quarters preparing OCR input 
forms and verifying computer 
printouts is typical of front-end 
work associated with building and 
purifying centralized data bases. 
The accuracy of any computer 
data base is directly dependent 
upon the quality of the input, the 
computer processing, and the veri- 
fication necessary to close the 
loop. The local boards have per- 
formed their part very well in the 
RIB System by submitting the 
initial transactions on OCR forms, 
reviewing the output reports and 
submitting corrections on incorrect 
data as published. 



The initial acceleration to build 
the RIB data base is nearing 
completion and, as recent reports 
show, the computer files are accu- 
rate to an acceptable degree, 
considering the newness of the 
system. All local board personnel, 
both compensated and uncompen- 
sated are to be congratulated for 
their enthusiastic response during 
the heavy front-end workload 
period. Hereafter, the workload on 
local boards will dwindle to routine 
file maintenance. 

The easing of the start-up effort 
has paved the way for changes and 
enhancements in the RIB System. 
The RIB Branch of the Operations 
Division has the responsibility for 
these changes and enhancements 
which occur rapidly to this new 
and highly sophisticated system 
with the result that new pro- 
cedural directives may not reach 
local boards until we are in the 
final phase of the change. Every 
effort is made to keep such 
occurrences to a minimum. When- 
ever there is a conflict between a 



RIB Guide and the RPM, the RPM 
is the "bible" to follow for 
registrant processing since RIB 
Report Guides are only advisory in 
nature. 

The Operations Division has 
been continuously evaluating the 
System's need for OCR input 
forms and output reports. Two of 
the important refinements the 
Division has been working on 
during the past several months are: 
Combining three monthly RIB 
Reports (No. 140-List of Registra- 
tions (LOR), No. 112-Exception 
Listing for Form 7, and No. 
160— List of Classifications (LOC) 
into a single report (The RIB Guide 
for the combined report will be 
distributed upon implementation.); 
and Revising the Procedural Direc- 
tive for the SSS Form 7 to include 
complete instructions to cover 
preparation of the form in all cir- 
cumstances. The revised directive 
soon will be distributed to the field. 

The RIB Reports are being put 
to practical use by such diverse 
management areas as: the local 




Guam State Director, Lorenzo Aflague (forefront) swears in 16 Village 
Commissioners as Selective Service registrars. 

Guam Director Recruits 
Village Commissioners 



Not one to pass up a good 
opportunity, Mr. Lorenzo C. 
Aflague, Guam State Director, 
recently recruited all of Guam's 23 
Village Commissioners to be Selec- 
tive Service registrars. 

The Commissioners had invited 
Mr. Aflague to speak to them 
about the present requirements 
regarding registration with Selec- 
tive Service. Taking advantage of 



the chance to reach representatives 
of a cross-section of Guam's com- 
munities, Mr. Aflague launched an 
appeal for volunteer registrars. All 
16 Commissioners present immedi- 
ately volunteered their services. 
The State Director was well pre- 
pared for this event, for he had all 
the necessary forms with him and 
proceeded to administer the Oath 
of Office on the spot. 




boards— to help assure timely 
and to assure that accurate inl 
tion is forwarded to the regis 
the State Directors— to evalua 
processing of registrants with, 
state and to determine classifii 
trends; and at National 
quarters by the Open 
Division— to determine the sta 
registrant processing and to 
ate registration trends; the Mi 
ment Evaluation Group— to idi| 
potential problem areas throw; 
the System, and to recom 
corrective action before diffic 
occur; the Manpower Admir 
tion— to forecast man- 
requirements for the entire Sy 
and the Administrative Divisic 
forecast forms requirements. 

In addition to the RIB Sy 
several other automated sy! 
are either in use or in the plai 
stages. The payroll, budget 
accounting systems have bee 
operation for almost 18 ma 
The Personnel Data System (I 
the Address Information Direi 
System (AIDS), the Min 
Statistics System, and the Re 
Officer Information Bank (R 
systems have been in oper 
for many months. The Pos 
Control System, which proc 
the Authorized Manning C 
ment, has just been implemei 
The Property Accounting 
Management System (PAMS); 
the Violator Inventory and P 
toring System (VIMS) are du 
be operational early in 1974. 

During a recent visit ta 
Center, I was impressed by 
professionalism and dedicatio 
our employees who work the 
hope that each of you will S 
my enthusiasm over the Syst 
new, modern management tool. 
Byron V. Peg 



Test of New T & A System Is 
Completed; Cards Eliminated 



A. L. Beck has been 
nted Utah State Director 
his nomination by Governor 
1 L. Rampton. 

e new director was born and 
ted in Idaho, graduating 
the University of Idaho with 
. in Political Science. 

served in the U.S. Army 
I World War II. 




r. Beck is a member of the 
League of Writers and 
erly was a member of the 

State Cemetery Board, and 
[)gden Chamber of Commerce, 
/as one of the founders of the 
;e Club, a community service 
lization in Ogden, and for 

years was president of the 
s Listening Post for troubled 
1. 

ctive in politics, he was chair- 
of his Legislative District and 
d on the Weber County 
Dcratie Central Committee. 

til his appointment as State 
:tor, Mr. Beck was president 
lis own corporation which 
ites a health food wholesale 

distribution firm, a beauty 
, and a cemetery sales busi- 

r. and Mrs. Beck have four 
ren, two of whom are active 
e family business. 

'/font /a Employee Dies 

mployees of the System in 
ornia were saddened by the 
1 of Mrs. Effie M. Ford of 
to, in November. 
rs. Ford served with the Sys- 
in Dale City from October 
t until October 1943, and in 
Fresno office from August 
to July 1966, when she re- 
after almost 21 years of ser- 



The System recently completed 
a test period for its new time and 
attendance reporting system using 
an OCR form instead of cards. 

The test was conducted in 
Maryland, Virginia, and the District 
of Columbia; at National Head- 
quarters; the Regional Service 
Centers; and the Computer Service 
Center. After an evaluation period, 
the new reporting method will be 
implemented nationwide. 

The new system, developed by 
Captain James Kohler and Mr. 
Joachim Dierlich of the Computer 

A Well -Qualified 



Executive Secretary! 

Mr. Addison A. Millard, State 
Director of Nevada, recently had a 
unique experience. He became an 
executive secretary for a day. 

This unusual event occurred 
while Mr. Millard was traveling 
through Nevada to meet with a 
number of local board members, 
advisors to registrants and regis- 
trars. 

Before leaving State Head- 
quarters, Mr. Millard learned that 
an executive secretary in a remote 
desert area of the state was having 
difficulties in scheduling a particu- 
lar board meeting. She had already 
driven 140 miles (one way) to 
hold two meetings in two different 
communities. Since Mr. Millard 
had arranged to visit the board 
members in question, he volun- 
teered to hold the meeting for her 
and thus relieve her of additional 
travel time. 

Mr. Millard realized the im- 
portance of personal contact with 
our uncompensated personnel, but 
this experience provided something 
extra - the chance to really be in 
someone else's seat. 

Prior to discussing the cases 
before the board, he asked the 
members' concurrence for him to 
function as acting executive 
secretary for the evening and 
entered their approval into the 
minutes of the board meeting. The 
members then reviewed the cases 
and Mr. Millard discussed with 
them items of current importance 
- hardship cases, conscientious 
objection, late registration, and 
new RPM chapters. 

Mr. Millard said the board 
members were highly amused that 
the State Director was their acting 
executive secretary, but they were 
also impressed with his seriousness 
in fulfilling the System's responsi- 
bilities during the standby period. 



Center, will greatly simplify the 
process of inputing payroll data to 
the computer. By using the OCR 
form instead of cards, the entire 
operation of handling, sorting and 
keypunching cards will be elimi- 
nated. 

"I am extremely optimistic 
about the success of the new T&A 
reporting method," said Captain 
Kohler. "I realize that it will take 
a little time for timekeepers to 
adjust to the new form, but the 
result of the conversion will be a 
more efficient and economical 
payroll system." 

Cronin Accepts New 
Position With GSA 

Daniel J. Cronin, former Selec- 
tive Service Assistant Deputy 
Director for Operations has been 
appointed Assistant Director of 
the General Services Administra- 
tion's Office of Preparedness. 

He is responsible for planning 
for the continuity of government 
operations in an emergency and 
for providing crisis management. 

His office provides management 
planning for the best use of all 
materials and services which are in 
short supply. Mr. Cronin said that 
his most immediate concern is plan- 
ning for the possible rationing of 
gasoline and heating fuel. 



New Brochures 
Are Published 

"You and Selective 
Service" should now be in the 
field. This Question and 
Answer leaflet is a revision of 
"But I Thought the Draft 
Had Ended?" "You and 
Selective Service" should be 
sent to every registrant witli 
his status card and, where 
possible, should be placed in 
schools so young men can 
read it before they register 
with the System. 

"Conscientious Objectors" 
is a new one-page fact sheet 
which should be sent to every 
registrant who requests a 
Form 1 50. The leaflet ex- 
plains how to apply for CO 
status and informs registrants 
of their appeal rights if their 
classification requests are 
denied. 



"Street Corner" Publicity 
in Augusta, Georgia 

For one week, motorists who 
passed the intersection of Walton 
Way and Fifth Street in Augusta, 
Georgia, were reminded that 
18-year-old men still have to 
register with Selective Service. 
Credit for the free publicity 
belongs to Mrs. Katherine Jones 
and Mrs. Rebecca James of Area 
Office 21 in Augusta who per- 
suaded the Southern Roofing and 
Insulating Company, owners of the 
revolving sign, to give up a week 
of their own advertising to display 
the System's message. 




Major Publicity Campaign 
Underway in Connecticut 

Mr. Frederick W. Palomba, 
Connecticut State Director, is 
using the Selective Service 
System's poster program as the 
basis for a major statewide 
publicity campaign. 

He contacts the Superintendent 
of Schools in each major city and 
arranges for a picture to be taken 
of the Superintendent and the 
Principal of the city's leading high 
school placing a Selective Service 
poster in the school. This picture 
not only illustrates the educators' 
support of the System's informa- 
tion program, it also shows the 
public where the posters are 
displayed. 

Mr. Palomba then contacts area 
newspapers and sends them the 
picture and an editorial. The 
editorial announces the continuing 
need for young men to register 
and requests businessmen to 
display the posters. 

This aggressive publicity cam- 
paign has resulted in statewide 
media coverage of the registration 
requirement and the poster 
program. According to Mr. 
Palomba. "The responses from the 
schools and the press have been 
extremely gratifying." 



State Directors Get Out 
Word on Registration 

GUAM ... State Director Lorenzo 
C. Aflague reports that the 
PACIFIC DAILY NEWS ran re- 
prints of the System's registration 
posters in their public service 
column on alternate days for a 
period of three months. Also, 
KUAM radio and TV presently are 
airing 60-second public service 
announcements on the registration 
requirements. 

OHIO ... Mr. Paul A. Corey, State 
Director, tells us that a recent 
issue of "Focus", the Ohio 
AFL-CIO newsletter, published an 
item to remind young men of 
their responsibilities to Selective 
Service. One million copies of this 
issue were distributed to the AFL- 
CIO membership. 

TENNESSEE ... State Director 
Arnold L. Malone reports that the 
JOHNSON CITY PRESS- 
CHRONICLE is performing a 
public service each week by pub- 
lishing a box containing the 
registration reminder and the 
addresses and office hours of 
registrars in a five-county area. 
The item appears on the one page 
of the paper most likely to be 
read by young men (and their 
fathers)-the sports page. 

"Perhaps other papers would be 
willing to perform this same public 
service," commented Director 
Byron V. Pepitone upon learning 
of the PRESS-CHRONICLE'S 
assistance. 



Corey Named to Post 
With Ohio Association 

The Federal Executive 
Association of Greater 
Columbus, Ohio, was 
recently established to guide 
and coordinate the participa- 
tion of Columbus' 13,000 
Federal employees in vital 
Federal programs. 

Paul A. Corey, Ohio State 
Director, was elected Vice 
Chairman of the Association. 

The group will meet 
quarterly, beginning in Janu- 
ary, to discuss such topics as 
equal employment opportun- 
ity, the women in 
government movement, 
productivity, and human 
behavior programs. 




Legion of Merit Awarded to Colonel Neal 

Colonel John M. Neal, (Ret.), Deputy State Director for Massachusetts, is pictured 
receiving the Legion of Merit during retreat ceremonies at Fort Devens. The citation, 
presented by Brigadier General James D. Hewett (New England Regional 
Representative of the Retired Officers Council), mentions Colonel Neal's 
exceptionally meritorious service to the Selective Service System while serving on 
extended active duty. 



RESERVE OFFICERS WRITE 
AND RECORD SCRIPTS 
FOR TRAINING AIDS 

Selective Service Reserve 
Officers, under the guidance of the 
Operations Division, are writing 
scripts for training modules on the 
RPM. 

■ The major program involves 
seven Reserve Units from Seattle, 
Washington; Phoenix, Arizona; Lex- 
ington, Kentucky; Sacramento 
and Santa Cruz, California; Port- 
land, Oregon; and Lansing, Michi- 
gan. Officers from each of these 
units recently served their two- 
week tours of active duty at 
National Headquarters composing 
the first drafts of the scripts. They 
then took the drafts back to their 
units where all members will 
combine their talents during regu- 
lar drill periods to prepare the 
final scripts. These scripts will be 
used by the Training Division to 
create the audio-visual training 
modules. 

The completed modules should 
be in the field early in 1974. 

Lieutenant Colonel Homer S. 
Holcomb, Jr., USAF, profes- 
sionally known in the Roanoke, 
Virginia, area as Lee Garrett, is 
recording scripts for the super- 
visory training modules. Colonel 
Holcomb, who has been in the 
radio-TV industry for 27 years, is 
Director of Community Affairs for 
WSLW-TV in Roanoke and 
anchors their 12:30 p.m. news 
broadcast. 



Two Kentucky Board 

Women Are Praised 

Dr. Constantine Curris, the new 
President of Murray State U. in 
Ky. recently praised Mrs. Wanda 
Austin of L.B. 29 in Grant 
County. 

As reported in the LOUIS- 
VILLE-COURIER JOURNAL, a 
talk with Mrs. Austin, during the 
time Dr. Curris was waiting for an 
opening in the National Guard, led 
him to the position he holds 
today. 

Dr. Curris stated, "She per- 
suaded me to go on and get my 
doctor's degree. I believe she was 
the only reason I did so. Some 
people may have reason not to 
admire their draft board, but I 
certainly am indebted to mine." 

Further praise was expressed by 
a registrant in a letter to Executive 
Secretary Alice Anita Thomas of 
L.B. 2 in Glasgow. The letter, 
reprinted in Ky. Hgtrs.' newsletter 
with the registrant's permission, 
said in part: "It seems in this 
complicated world in which we 
live that there are few people in 
public life, whether working in 
business or government, who are 
willing to go out of their way to 

help a person But yet, in my 

case and in the case of my 
brother, you were always willing 
to take time to explain the rules, 
and always willing to check 
further ... on any obscure ruling 
that might apply to us. Whenever I 
see you or think about the draft, I 
remember this." 



Ohio Mayor Volunte 
to be Registrar 

How many mayors are! 
uncompensated registrars? 
News knows of one-Mr. Alex; 
Roman, Mayor of Westlake, 
(a suburb of Cleveland). 

When Paul Corey, Ohio 
Director, sent a personal rei 
for registration assistance' 
approximately 40 mayors 
Cuyahoga County they all a| 
to provide at least one 
member to be a registrar. M 
Roman said that not only / 
his secretary and his telep 
receptionist be registrars, 
would, too. 

Mr. Roman said he acce 
the position because he bel 
that everyone should fulfill 
responsibilities of citizenship 
thought he could provide 
greatest assistance to the y 
men of Westlake by becomi 
registrar. 

Mr. Roman, a first generi 
American of Rumanian desi 
was a practicing attorney 
1970. He gave up his 1| 
practice when, at the beginnir 
his second term, the positioi 
Mayor became full time. 



POSSIBLE SURPL 
OF DOCTORS SEE 

According to Charles 
Edwards, M.D., Assistant 1 
Secretary for Health, by 1 
there will be 50 percent I 
physicians, 40 percent ii' 
dentists, and 60 percent I 
registered nurses than there i 
in 1970 if the U.S. mi 
maintains the current ou' 
capacity of health professii 
institutions. 

Dr. Edwards made the for^ 1 
at the annual meeting of 
Association of American Me<| 
Colleges in Washington, D.C 
also told Association members 
the ratio of physicians in 1 
may reach nearly 220 per 100, 
population, compared to 16C 
1970 and 140 in 1960. 

In Dr. Edward's judgment, 
even more significance is 
possibility that the U.S. may 
facing a doctor surplus. And, 
possibility must figure very hea 
in both immediate and long-ra 
planning in the health manpu 
field. 



eneral Counsel Summarizes SS Law in Vietnam Era 



TOR'S NOTE: The following 
e, written by Mr. Walter H. 
e, General Counsel of Selective 
ce, appeared in a recent edi- 
of the Boston Bar Journal. Mr. 
e was graduated from Prince- 
University and the University 
rginia Law School. He received 
L.M. from George Washington 
rsity in 1952. He was ap- 
ed General Counsel of the 
m in January 1971. 

is now time to assess and 
:t on that period of defiance of 
iw during the Vietnam conflict 
ame, who, in many instances 

vocally and ably defended by 
jar, refused to report for or 
it to induction for service in 
armed forces. What was the 
itude of this problem and 
was its solution? 

any discussion of this nature, 
inly the background or setting 
lat the nation faced during this 
d has to be recognized. At the 
t of hostilities and upon Presi- 

Nixon's election in 1968, 
100 men (volunteers and 
tees) were serving in Vietnam. 

pots" Prompt 
gistrations 

egon State Headquarters' 
and TV spot announcements, 
ted in the September issue of 
'News", have not only halted 
inward trend in registrations, 

are being credited with 
ating a 21% increase in 
rations statewide in August 

over the same month in 

> determine the effectiveness 
their public information 
aign, Oregon boards con- 
d a survey of August 
rants to learn how they had 
of the registration require- 
The majority of the 
rants said they had heard the 
announcements, and a few 
they had read articles in the 
japers. 

igust was the first full month 
adio/TV publicity of the 
ration reminders. 
e following increases in four 
ties which received good 
age illustrate the effectiveness 
; announcements: 
% Increase Over July 1973 
Bend 80% 

Eugene 64% 

Portland 57% 

Medford 37% 



During this year, 296,406 men were 
inducted into the armed forces with 
284,000 to follow in 1969. Then in 
early 1970 the President reaffirmed 
his previous pledge to the electorate 
to end the draft by endorsing the 
Gates Commission Report on the 
All-Volunteer Force. He submitted 
proposals to Congress to implement 
this endorsement and in the fall of 
1970 Dr. Curtis W. Tarr was 
appointed to become the Director 
of the Selective Service System. By 
these two acts, a turning point 
occurred, for as the President 
worked to achieve his commitment 
to the nation so Dr. Tarr fulfilled 
his commitment to the President by 
providing equity and justice in the 
operation of the System. The 
abolishment of paternity, occupa- 
tional, agricultural, and under- 
graduate student deferments; the 
adoption of a system of random 
selection (lottery) and the uniform 
national call; the inclusion of per- 
sons of minority groups as members 
of local boards; the preparation and 
dissemination of 60,000 copies 
annually of the Curriculum Guide 
to the Draft to each high school in 
the country in addition to millions 



of copies of pamphlets explaining a 
registrant's rights and obligations; 
and a total revision of the System's 
regulations to assure procedural due 
process to all registrants, all testify 
to this. At the same time, the 
President was 'winding down' the 
war so that in 1970 inductions 
dropped to 162,746 men, in 1971 
to 94,092, and finally in 1972, as 
inductions ended, to 49,524 men. 
However, a total of 1.8 million men 
had been inducted during the Viet- 
nam conflict, 300,000 more than in 
the Korean war. 

Against this 'back-drop', there 
occurred slightly over 215,000 
reported violations. These were for 
the most part failures to report for 
or submit to induction during the 
period from 1962 through 1972. As 
the war intensified and the number 
of calls for inductions increased, 
pending violations steadily rose to a 
peak of 27,444 in FY 1969. On 
January 1, 1971, the point of time 
that I was appointed the General 
Counsel, the number of outstanding 
violations reported to the Depart- 
ment of Justice and then still under 
consideration for prosecution stood 




"Meet Me at the Fair" 

Using a lot of imagination and very little money, Mrs. Sylvia McMillian (left) and 
Mrs. Patricia Sumner (center) of Area Office 17, Tifton, Georgia, assembled a 
colorful Selective Service information booth, pictured above, for the Tift County 
Fair. 

The American Legion, which sponsored the Fair, donated the booth space to the 
System. With State Director Mike Hendrix's approval, the ladies manned the booth 
on their own time during the week-long event. 

The Fair attracted visitors, one of whom is shown above, from an eight-county 
area. Some men chose to register at the site, and many others registered the following 
week at the Ar^a Office. 



at approximately 27,000. An addi- 
tional 17,000 violations were to be 
reported over the next two years, 
before the end of calendar year 
1972, making a grand total of 
approximately 44,000 violations 
that would require processing 
during this time. 

Because of the enormity of the 
problem and the limited number of 
attorneys (8) in the Genera! Coun- 
sel's office to assist the United 
States Attorneys in their prosecu- 
tive review of the violator's file, 
which must be done to determine 
whether substantive or procedural 
error existed in his processing, 
Regional Counsels were hired and 
assigned initially in nine offices 
throughout the country. At the 
same time Selective Service System 
attorney/ Reservists were called to 
two weeks' military active duty 
together with many attorney/ 
Reservists who were put at the 
disposal of the System by the Judge 
Advocate Generals of the Military 
Departments. As a result of their 
efforts, all new cases, as well as the 
old, among the 44,000 files were 
reviewed. 

It is the general policy of the 
Department of Justice, and has 
been for some time, to authorize a 
dismissal of an indictment charging 
a failure to comply with an order to 
report for induction or a failure to 
submit to induction when the 

cont'd on page 6 



Retired Military Urged 

to Subscribe to "News" 

Retired military officers who 
were members of the Selective 
Service System are an invaluable 
resource and can assist the Sys- 
tem in many ways. Director 
Byron V, Pepitone is particularly 
desirous of maintaining contact 
with this distinguished group. 

The best means of main- 
taining contact is through the 
"Selective Service News." 

Retired officers who are 
interested in receiving the 
"News" are urged to submit 
their names and addresses (with 
zip code) to the Operations Divi- 
sion (OORS), National Head- 
quarters, 1724 F St., NW, 
Washington, D.C. 20435. 



Use of funds for printing this publication approved by tne Director of the Bureau of the Budget, August 7, 1968. 

This monthly bulletin is a medium of information between National Headquarters and other components of the Selective Service System as well as the general 
Dlic. However, nothing contained herein may be accepted as modifying or enlarging provisions of the Military Selective Service Act or any other acts of Congress. 

Communications should be addressed to: Registrant Information Section, National Headquarters, Selective Service System, 1724 F street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 
»35. For sale by the superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Price 20 cents (single copy). Subscription price: 

00 per year; 50 cents additional for foreign mailing. 



ARMY CHIEF SPEAKS 
OUT FOR STRONG 
MILITARY 

When a "detente" among the 
superpowers could serve the cause 
o( world peace, such a detente 
would best be preserved by this 
Nation maintaining a military force 
which recognized the realities of 
power. 

This was the message offered by 
General Creighton W. Abrams, 
Army Chief pf Staff, before the 
annual meeting of the Association 
of the U.S. Army in Washington. 

General Abrams argued that in 
so doing, "we would be ready if 
ever that detente evaporates which 
could be the case overnight." 

In the following paragraphs, 
General Abrams brought all of his 
thoughts together: 

"A credible and effective 
fighting force is not wasted if it is 
not actually called upon to fight. In 
fact, fighting may be interpreted as 
a failure of deterrence. Again and 
again in recent history, the fact that 
one nation had a credible force in 
being and the apparent will to 
employ that force against another 
was sufficient for that nation to 
protect its interests or obtain its 
goals without war. 

"Our past enemies knew this, 
and gained great silent victories by 
forcing alliances, imposing neutrali- 
ty, creating satellites-often by mere 
threat of force alone. 

"The nations that were not 
prepared to fight, or which had 
advertised that they would not 
fight, did in fact avoid the fight- 
but they did so by gross accommo- 
dation, sometimes at the sacrifice 
of their freedom." 



EMPLOYEES REAP 
PROFITS FROM 
SUGGESTIONS 

Federal employees were 
paid over S4 million in fiscal 
1073 for 67,845 ideas that 
resulted in a savings to the 
nmenl of SI 56,753,490. 
01 the 240,588 suggestions 
submitted in fiscal 1973, Sel- 
ective Service personnel con- 
tributed 391 of which 36 
were adopted. Suggestions 
adopted by Selective Service 
saved the government $12,973 
and earned $1,930 for em- 
ployees. 




SSS Honors Ohio National Guard 



Chief Warrant Officer Arthur L. Osborn (center) was recently presented the 
Selective Service System's Meritorious Service Award by Paul A. Corey (left), Ohio 
State Director. Lieutenant General Dana L. Stewart, Ohio Adjutant General, is on the 
right. CWO Osborn received the award for his outstanding performance in the 
planning and scheduling of the disposal of excess government property during the 
recent collocation of 90 local boards in Ohio. Eleven National Guard warehouse 
personnel were awarded Certificates of Appreciation for their assistance in insuring 
that Ohio completed collocation on schedule. _^_^^^^_^^_^^_^__ 



SS Law in Vietnam (cont'd) 

defendant submits to processing for 
induction, whether he be accepted 
or rejected by the Armed Forces, 
unless there exist "aggravating cir- 
cumstances." The ' term "aggra- 
vating circumstances" pertains to 
such actions by the defendant as 
that of a long history of non- 
cooperation with or obstruction to 
the operations , of the Selective 
Service System, a concerted and 
deliberate attempt to elude detec- 
tion by the FBI, or a failure to pass 
induction because of a physical, 
mental, or moral defect which 
occurred following his failure to 
report for induction or submit to 
induction which was either self- 
inflicted, self-induced or occurred 
as a result of the defendant's own 
fault. Examples of such actions are 
a criminal offense making the 
defendant unacceptable on moral 
grounds, addiction to drugs, a self- 
inflicted disqualifying wound, or 
the use of stimulants prior to the 
taking of a physical examination. 
Obviously, since such a policy is 
applied to those under indictment, 
it also applied to those who wished 
to submit to induction prior to 
indictment. Accordingly, statistics 
show that approximately 80 per- 
cent of those violations dismissed 
prior to indictment as well as 80 
percent of all dismissals of indict- 
ments were tire result of the appli- 
cation of this policy. Tire remaining 



20 percent of those indictments 
dismissed is attributable to such 
examples as a finding by the FBI 
that the violator should have been 
classified 4-F because of a prior 
criminal record which was 
unknown to his local board when 
he was classified 1-A or a pro- 
cedural error in the processing of 
the violator which at the time of 
the violation was not adjudged to 
be an error but subsequently was 
held by the courts to constitute a 
valid defense. It is thus estimated 
that because of error in the pro- 
cessing of the registrant or because 
as a violator he submitted to induc- 
tion in lieu of prosecution, many 
thousands of cases were disposed of 
prior to indictment or prior to 
prosecution. 

With the above in mind, let us 
look at the prosecutive record. 
According to a report of the Direc- 
tor of Administrative Office of the 
United States Courts, from FY 
1961 thru FY 1972, 16,623 viola- 
tors under indictment faced prose- 
cution, with 4,906 of this number 
during FY 1972, the highest num- 
ber of cases ever reported in the 
fiscal year. During this twelve-year 
period 7,645 defendants were 
convicted and-1,024 acquitted. The 
remaining 7,964 had their indict- 
ments dismissed because of error in 
their processing or because they 
submitted to induction in lieu of 

cont'd next column 



General Hershd 
Honored by RCl 



The Reserve Officers Ass< 
tion, at its 1973 Nati 
Convention, honored re 
General Lewis B. Hershey b] 
resolution to ". . . pub 
recognize Gen. Lewis B. Hers! 
tireless and selfless devotion 
duty, to country, to commit 
and to his fellow man, and ex 
to him an expression of our j 
appreciation for his service to 1 
active and Reserve Armed Fc 
in maintaining our Nati 
Security." The ROA also vq 
its support of the star 
Selective Service System. 



prosecution. It is also interestir 
note that during FY 1972 a rel 
high of 5,142 indictments 
returned which constitutec 
twenty fold increase over the 
indictments returned in 1961 a 
13 percent increase over the 4 
indictments returned in FY 1' 
On July 1, 1972, the Admini 
tive Office of the United SI 
Courts reported 5,424 indictm 
outstanding, which representee 
percent of the total criminal c 
pending with the Departmen 
Justice. On June 1, nearly one 
later, all that remained of 
215,000 violators were 5,576 ui 
indictment and 5,457 being 
cessed to indictment, for a tot; 
1 1,033. Of those under indictm 
approximately 4,800 are fugi 
from justice, of which 2,800 
known to be residing in Can 
These violators comprise 42 per 
of the fugitive or untriable c 
pending one year or more with 
United States Attorneys. 

Looking to the immediate 
sent and the foreseeable future, 
logical question is what may 
expected as to the dispositioi 
the remaining violators. Bj 
memorandum of June 4 to 
United States Attorneys from 
Department of Justice it was st: 
that "it is the Department's pc 
to prosecute vigorously to cor 
sion all pending reported selec 
service violations." This mer 
andum further states that with 
lapse of the President's gen 
induction authority on July 
violators will no longer be abl< 
take advantage of the Departme 
long standing policy which has 
mitted induction in lieu of pros 
tion. This position was taken as 
result of a legal opinion rendt 
on April 20, 1973, to the Selec 
Service System by the Assis 1 



aw in Vietnam (cont'd) 

>rney General (Office of Legal 
nsel). With respect to the fugi- 
», the Department of Justice in 
her memorandum to all United 
es Attorneys, dated April 27, 
:d that it continues to be its 
:y that as long as the defendant 
ains in a fugitive status, the 
:ed States Attorney will be 
fied in declining to review his 
to determine whether as a result 
harges in case law, subsequent 
he return of the indictment, a 
I defense may exist. However, 
ild the United States Attorney 

actual knowledge of the exis- 
of a valid defense he is not 
:luded from dismissing the 
ictment, even though the 
ndent is a fugitive and does not 
:ar personally before the court, 
closing, should there ever 
n be need for inductions into 
armed services, I hope we all, 
e attorneys in the Government 

members of the bar, have 
led something from this experi- 
The lesson for me has been 

even in the face of public 
ility, resulting from an un- 
ular war, law enforcement did 
break-down. The overwhelming 
iber of Americans, the 1.8 
ion inductees, served their 
iitry when called upon to do so. 
tough some 15 percent at first 
d to report for induction, only 
•78 (1 percent) remain to be 
jded in the total number of 
itors (7,645 convicted, 5,576 
ently under indictment, and 
7 presently being processed to 
ctment). For those who try to 
ead and say that the younger 
ration has lost its sense of 
iotism, honor, and duty, the 
s belie their claim. 



Special Studies Group 
Named; OSP Disbanded 



"Hello, AAr. Secretary!" 

Talk about a "week that 
vas!" Paul Akst, New York 
-ity Director, recently met 
ind talked with not one, but 
ill three Secretaries of the 
Vrmed Forces in the same 
veek. Three different organi- 
:ations to which Mr. Akst 
>elongs met during the same 
veek and each meeting was 
ittended by one of the 
iecretaries. 

On Monday, Mr. Akst 
poke with Army Secretary 
toward Callaway; Tuesday, 
yith Navy Secretary John 
Varner; and Thursday, with 
Mi Force Secretary John 
Ac Lucas. 




Reservists Given Expanded 
Role in Selective Service 



Colonel Rogers 

Two major organizational 
changes recently took place at 
National Headquarters: the Office 
of Systems Planning was abolished, 
and the Office of Special Studies 
was formed, with its primary 
purpose to develop and maintain 
contingency and mobilization 
plans. The manager of this new 
group is Commander Gordon K. 
Meriwether, formerly with the 
Management Evaluation Group. 

Commander Meriwether, a 
native of Alabama, graduated from 
the U.S. Naval Academy in 1947 
and served on active duty for eight 
years, the last two as a naval 
aviator. He joined Selective Service 
in June 1969 as a training officer 
at National Headquarters. Subse- 
quently, in 1970, he was reas- 
signed to Chicago as a Regional 
Field Officer, becoming an Inspec- 
tor upon creation of the Inspec- 
tion Services Division. In 1972 he 
joined the newly formed Manage- 
ment Evaluation Group as a 
regional representative, and was 
transferred into Washington in 
June 1973. 

Colonel David Rogers, the 
former manager of the Office of 
Systems Planning, has been 
selected to succeed Mr. Stan Smith 
as Chief of the Management Evalu- 
ation Group. Mr. Smith recently 
resigned his position with the 
System. 



The new Reserve Training Pro- 
gram, to be administered by the 
Manpower Administration at 
National Headquarters, has been 
designed to enable Selective Ser- 
vice Reservists to assume a more 
active role in the System. 

Under this new program, em- 
phasis has been placed on those 
tasks which will be most beneficial 
to the System in the current 
standby status while increasing the 
capability of the Reserve Officers 
to react efficiently in time of a 
mobilization or an expansion of 
System activity. 

"We want to assure the utiliza- 
tion of these officers for opera- 
tional requirements of the 
System," Mr. John D. Dewhurst, 
Deputy Director, said. He further 
explained that heavy emphasis will 
be placed on "on-the-job" training. 
New correspondence courses also 
will be available for the Reservists, 
and the examinations will be 
graded by an automatic system at 
National Headquarters. 

Mr. Dewhurst pointed out that 
there must be sufficient Reservists 
in the System who have know- 
ledge of Civil Service regulations 
to aid in the recruitment and 
selection of additional employees 
in the event of a rapid buildup. He 
also said that a portion of the 
Reservists must also be able to 
properly utilize the modular train- 
ing packages in order to provide 
instruction to both compensated 
and uncompensated personnel. 

Mr. Glenn R. Bowles, Opera- 
tions Division Manager, em- 
phasized that the Reservists will be 
directly involved in recruiting and 
training uncompensated registrars; 
assisting in the implementation of 
the mail-in registration program, 
and in publcizing the obligation to 
register, and determining the loca- 
tions where registration may be 
accomplished. 

The Director has established 
priorities as . a guide for the 
utilization of Reservists which 
State Directors may adapt to meet 
their individual needs. This 
"priority listing" has been mailed 
to the State Directors. 

As a preliminary to redesigning 
the Reserve Program, an extensive 
study of the existing program, and 
additional areas in which 
Reservists' skills could benefit the 
System, was conducted by the 



Management Evaluation Group. 
State Directors and Unit and 
Section Commanders were con- 
tacted during the data collection 
phase and many of their sugges- 
tions were incorporated in the 
final report. 

Once the data was compiled, a 
committee headed by Colonel Jack 
D. Kaufman, Maryland State 
Director, and composed of 
National Headquarters and Reserve 
representatives, produced the final 
draft of the program which was 
approved by the Director for 
adoption. 

Under the new program, Unit 
Commanders and Section Chiefs, 
upon receiving approval of their 
scheduling plans, will assign indi- 
vidual officers to particular pro- 
jects in support of State Head- 
quarters and Local Board opera- 
tions. A reporting system has been 
designed to permit monitoring of 
Reservist activities in line with the 
unit's individual commitment to 
the national program. 

"Although many of the utiliza- 
tion and trianing concepts 
prescribed have long been em- 
ployed to some degree throughout 
the System," Mr. Ray Wisniewski, 
Manpower Administrator, said, "it 
is felt that this program provides 
positive guidance which will result 
in greater uniformity, utilization 
and .effectiveness of the Reserve 
components of the System. 




FORMER BOSS NOW EMPLOYEE 

Colonel Everette S. Stephenson, a 
Reserve Officer serving on active duty 
for training at National Headquarters, 
was assigned to the Operations Divi- 
sion where Mrs. Dorothy Alvey was the 
responsible officer for his project. Colo- 
nel Stephenson was. Kentucky State Dir- 
ector from 1960-1967 and Mrs Alvey 
was one of his Executive Secretaries. 



New Pay Schedules 



ANNUAL RATES AND STEPS 



GRADE 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


GS-1 


$ 5,017 


$ 5,184 


$ 5,351 


$ 5,518 


$ 5,685 


$ 5,852 


$ 6,019 


$ 6,186 


$ 6,353 


$ 6,520 


GS-2 


5,682 


5,871 


6,060 


6,249 


6,438 


6,627 


6,816 


7,005 


7,194 


7,383 


GS-3 


6,408 


6,622 


6,836 


7,050 


7,264 


7,478 


7,692 


7,906 


8,120 


8,334 


GS-4 


7,198 


7,438 


7,678 


7,918 


8,158 


8,398 


8,638 


8,878 


9,118 


9,358 


GS-5 


8,055 


8,323 


8,591 


8,859 


9,127 


9,395 


9,663 


9,931 


10,199 


10,467 


GS-6 


8,977 


9,276 


9,575 


9,874 


10,173 


10,472 


10,771 


11,070 


1 1 ,369 


1 1 ,668 


GS-7 


9,969 


10,301 


10,633 


10,965 


1 1 ,297 


1 1 ,629 


11,961 


12,293 


12,625 


12,957 


GS-8 


1 1 ,029 


11,397 


1 1 ,765 


12,133 


12,501 


12,869 


13,237 


13,605 


13,973 


14,341 


GS-9 


12,167 


12,573 


12,979 


13,385 


13,791 


14,197 


14,603 


15,009 


15,415 


15,821 


GS-10 


13,379 


13,825 


14,271 


14,717 


15,163 


15,609 


16,055 


16,501 


16,947 


17,393 


GS-11 


14,671 


15,160 


15,649 


16,138 


16,627 


17,116 


17,605 


18,094 


18,583 


19,072 


GS-1 2 


17,497 


18,080 


18,663 


19,246 


19,829 


20,412 


20,995 


21,578 


22,161 


22,744 


GS-1 3 


20,677 


21,366 


22,055 


22,744 


23,433 


24,122 


24,811 


25,500 


26,189 


26,878 


GS-1 4 


24,247 


25,055 


25,863 


26,671 


27,479 


28,287 


29,095 


29,903 


30,711 


31,519 


GS-1 5 


28,263 


29,205 


30,147 


31 ,089 


32,031 


32,973 


33,915 


34,857 


35,799 


36,741* 


GS-1 6 


32,806 


33,899 


34,992 


36,085* 


37,178* 


38,271* 


39,364* 


40,457* 


41,550* 




GS-1 7 


37,976* 


39,242* 


40,508* 


41,774* 


43,040* 












GS-1 8 


43,926* 
























'The rate of basic pay for employees at these rates is limited by section 5308 of title 5 of the United States Code to the rate for level V of the 
Executive Schedule (as of the effective date of this salary adjustment, $36,000). 



GRADE UNDER 2 


2 


3 


O-10 








O- 9 


— 


— 


— 


O- 8 


— 


— 


— 


O- 7 


— 


— 


— 


O- 6 


— 


— 


— 


O- 5 


— 


— 


— 


O- 4 


855.00 


1040.40 


1110.60 


O- 3 


794.40 


888.00 


948.90 


O- 2 


692.40 


756.60 


908.70 


O- 1 


600.90 


625.80 


756.50 



20 



22 



26 



COMMISSIONED OFFICERS 



— — — — — — — — — 2866.80 

— — _____ 2492.70 — 

— — 1483.80 — 1534.20 1776.90 1867.80 1908.30 2019.30 

— 1272.90 — 1311.90 1381.80 1474.20 1584.60 1675.80 1725.90 1786.80 

— 1130.40 1180.80 1260.90 1332.30 1393.20 1453.80 1494.00 — — 
1050.30 1100.40 1140.00 1201.20 1560.90 1291.80 — — — — 

939.00 958.80 ________ 



3603.60 
3179.70 



I 



RIB Reports Are Key 
Aid to Management 

Processing Delays ... The initial 
Agenda of Processing Delays, RIB 
Report No. 146, which lists regis- 
trants involved in classification 
delays, was mailed in November to 
local boards. 

This report reflects those regis- 
trants in RIB who were unclassi- 
fied; 1953 (YOB) registrants with 
RSN's below 101 still in Class 1-H; 
and 1954 (YOB) registrants with 
RSN's below 51 still in Class 1-H. 
Also included are registrants whose 
current classifications had expired 
at least 120 days prior to prepara- 
tion of the report and who had 
not been reclassified. 

Registrants who are shown as 
unclassified are those who had 
records in RIB before August 
1973. Any new records established 
after that date will no longer show 
the registrants as unclassified. 
Therefore, once the local boards 
complete the corrective actions 



indicated in RIB Guide 146, all 
registrants in RIB will be classi- 
fied. 

Beginning with the December 
report, each State Headquarters 
was mailed two copies of the 
Summary of Processing Delays, 
RIB Report No. 246, which will 
indicate the number of delays in 
each category for each local board. 
This summary will help State 
Headquarters identify those local 
boards experiencing difficulty in 
the timely processing of regis- 
trants. 

Medical Specialists ... Most local 
boards have completed their initial 
submission of SSS Forms 7 for 
Medical Specialists to the Com- 
puter Service Center. Those boards 
which have not, should complete 
this phase promptly. During 
February or March 1974, follow- 
up reports dealing with Medical 
Specialists will be distributed to 
the field, and the data base should 
be complete prior to that time. 
Keeping Tabs on New Registra- 



■tions ... Each month, all State 
Headquarters receive the Classifi- 
cation Summary by Year Group, 
RIB Report No. 264, to provide 
them with registration and classifi- 
cation information. This report is 
in addition to the 116 reports. 

By comparing the current RIB 
report to the previous month's 
report, State Directors can deter- 
mine the number of new regis- 
trants, by year of birth, added 
during the current reporting 
period. 

Classification trends by year of 
birth are also shown. As the local 
boards reclassify those registrants 
with RSN's below the processing 
number, the report will show into 
which classes these registrants are 
being reclassified. 

The RIB report also will pro- 
vide State Headquarters with the 
number of registrants, by year of 
birth, that will need to be reclassi- 
fied upon their entry into the 
Second Priority Group. 



Selective Service Sys 
Wins Tenth Straight 
CFC Honor 

National Capital 
employees of the Selective Se 
System have done it again! 
the tenth consecutive year, 
System was awarded the ( 
bined Federal Campaign's 100! 
quota certificate. The award 
presented by CFC Chair 
Casper Weinberger, Secretary 
Health, Education and Well 
and Agriculture Secretary 
Butz. 

Accepting the' award on be 
of Director Byron V. Pepiti 
Mr. E. M. Kline, Administra 
Division Manager, noted that 
Keymen, led by Major John 
Murphy; achieved 207% of ti 
goal. 

The Combined Federal C 
paign is the Washington, D 
Federal Agency version of 
United Givers Fund. 



*-U.S. Government Printing Office: 19 73-784-393/6 Regi< 




Selectiue Seruice IUIWS 



ployees Given Fu 



MAR 81974 

Civil Service^SlrPtus 



long and interesting chapter in 
tive Service history ended on 
Imber 5, 1973. On that date, 
tent Nixon signed into law a 
(introduced by David N. 
lerson (D-N.C.)) which granted 
and complete Civil Service 
t to all compensated civilian 
oyees of the System. Approxi- 
ly 3.500 employees are being 
erted from the System's Salary 
(SG) pay scale to General 
dule (GS) salary scale, accord- 
to Mr. Ray Wisniewski, Man- 
;r Administrator, 
uring World War II compen- 
l employees' salaries were tied 
le going rates for similar jobs in 



the local boards' communities. In 
many counties across the country 
there were few, if any, Federal 
employees working under Civil Ser- 
vice's rules and salary standards. It 
was felt that arranging a salary 
schedule for all Selective Service 
employees, regardless of where they 
lived, which was tied to the more 
expensive living conditions of major 
cities, would be an unsettling factor 
in the local board's relationship 
with the community it served. The 
intention was to preserve so far as 
possible a close tie-in between the 
boards' operations and personnel 
and the prevailing circumstances in 
the communities they served. This 



belief governed the salary standards 
for Selective Service employees for 
many years. 

In the late 1960's, pressure 
began to mount to recognize that 
the scarcity of Federal Civil Service 
employees across the country was 
no longer a general characteristic. 
The first reaction to this recogni- 
tion was the promulgation of a new 
salary schedule which generally 
approximated the Civil Service 
salary schedules for reasonably 
comparable work. It was found that 
this did not disrupt the local com- 
munities and was not a disquieting 
factor in the relationship of the 
local board to the community in 



which it was located. 

Over a period of time, the 
Director administratively granted 
the non— GS employees all benefits 
possible accruing to the General 
Schedule employees. 

From this position it was a 
relatively short step to convert the 
Selective Service personnel system, 
rules and salaries to the Civil 
Service system. 

The effective date for the change 
was February 17, 1974. SG em- 
ployees who left the System after 
the end of December but before 
February 17, were converted to the 
General Schedule pay scale prior to 
their separation. 



) National Appeal Board 
nbers Resign 

oard Chairman Levi Jackson of 
oit, Michigan, and Mr. E.G. 
cs of Winter Park, Florida, 
ntly resigned from the National 
eal Board. Both had served 
: September 10, 1969. 
Ir. Banks resigned effective No- 
ber 1, 1973, due to the pres- 





E.G. Banks 



is of business and personal com- 
ments. 

ie is President of Combanks 
poration, The Commercial Bank 
Vinter Park, and South Seminole 
k; and Chairman of the Board 

The Commercial Bank at 
)pka. 

*resident Nixon, in his accep- 
:e letter to Mr. Banks said: "... I 
It to express my personal grati- 
e for your more than four years 

distinguished and dedicated 
ice. This Administration, your 



Mr. Levi Jackso 



country and the Selective Service 
System are deeply appreciative and 
indebted to you for the unselfish 
assistance you have rendered as a 
member of the National Appeal 
Board." 

Mr. Levi Jackson, Board Chair- 
man since September 1969, submit- 
ted his resignation to President 
Nixon on December 11, 1973, but 
offered to remain until a new 
appointment could be made to 
assure continued operation of the 
Board. 

In his letter to Mr. Nixon, Mr. 
Jackson also cited pressures of 
business and personal commitments 
as reasons for his resignation. 

Mr. Jackson recently became 
Manager of Urban Affairs for Ford 
Motor Company in Dearborn, Mich- 
igan. He has been associated with 
Ford since 1950. 

Mr. Charles N. Collatos, of 
Lynnfield, Massachusetts, is remain- 
ing on the Board. 



Selective Service News 
Distribution Curtailed 

For many years the operating 
budget of the National Head- 
quarters made possible the distri- 
bution of the monthly Selective 
Service News to organizations 
and individuals where a direct 
association with the System did 
not exist. Budget restrictions 
have forced us to curtail the free 
distribution of future issues to 
only those members of the 
Selective Service "family." 

We regret this economy move 
was necessary. The "News" will 
continue to be for sale by the 
Superintendent of Documents, 
U.S. Government Printing 
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. 
Subscription price: $2.00 per 
year. 



Major General William R. Sharp, 
the Chief of Staff of the New 
Jersey Department of Defense of- 
ficiated at the swearing-in cere- 
mony held in the General's office. 

Mr. Henderson served with the 
New Jersey Selective Service Head- 
quarters as an active duty Army 
National Guard officer from 1966 
until his retirement from the Guard 
on August 31, 1973. He was asso- 
ciated with the New Jersey 
National Guard in both active and 
inactive duty status for more than 
35 years, and retired with the rank 
of Colonel. 



Edward J. Henderson New 
Director In New Jersey 

Mr. Edward J. Henderson be- 
came the new State Director of 
Selective Service for New Jersey 
following swearing-in ceremonies on 
January 8. Former Governor 
William T. Cahill had nominated 
Mr. Henderson for the top state 
Selective Service post in September 
1973, a position he had held in an 
acting capacity since the retirement 
of Colonel Harold Hoenig on July 
1, 1972. 




Mr. Edward J. Henderson 
New Jersey State Director 

During World War II, he served 
in Europe as an artillery officer. His 
military decorations include the 
Bronze Star Medal and the Army 
Commendation Medal. 

He is a lifelong resident of 
Trenton, and for many years man- 
aged his family's automotive busi- 
ness in that city. 



From the Director 



Adjustment to Change in 1974 y 



February 1974 and we are well 
on our way to adjusting to slower, 
shorter digues and a papier environ- 
ment. TUft* fs a good time to 
consider adjustments in our opera- 
tion as we remind ourselves that 
our functions of registrant process- 
ing are continuing and will prevail 
in 1974. Later in this column I will 
share my thoughts with you on 
operational matters which deserve 
our mutual attention. 

Looking back for a moment, I 
am particularly proud of everyone's 
performance during the transition 
year of 1973. Many wonderful 
things happened for the Nation and 
the World --